Military Review

Russian early warning system passed state tests

45
Russian early warning system passed state tests

The upgraded Russian missile attack warning system (EWS) completed state tests at the end of 2020. This was stated by the general designer of the SPRN, the general director of the Vympel IAC concern Sergey Boev.


According to Boev, at the end of December last year, state tests of the improved command post of the early warning system and the entire system were completed. As part of the modernization of the warning system, the main task of replacing equipment with modern ones using new technologies and ensuring the transmission of information to command posts of the highest echelon was solved.

In August last year, Boev announced that the Russian missile attack warning system (EWS) had been tested, and that work was planned to correct the deficiencies identified by the military for the fall of 2020. The transfer of the system to the Ministry of Defense was planned by the end of 2020.

As previously reported, the improved early warning system includes a network of ground-based over-the-horizon radars "Voronezh" and a unified space system (CES) "Kupol", which includes the "Tundra" tracking satellites.

Today the Voronezh station controls all directions of probable launches of ballistic and cruise missiles. The stations are located in the Leningrad, Kaliningrad, Irkutsk, Orenburg regions, in the Altai, Krasnodar and Krasnoyarsk regions. Two new stations are being built near Murmansk and Vorkuta, another is planned to be built in Crimea.

The Kupol CSC currently includes four Tundra satellites, but by 2024 it should be brought up to 10 spacecraft.
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  1. Victor_B
    Victor_B 14 February 2021 12: 06
    +18
    The upgraded Russian missile attack warning system (EWS) completed state tests at the end of 2020.

    But this is very good news!
    For this reason - well, for the early warning system! drinks
    1. ul_vitalii
      ul_vitalii 14 February 2021 12: 21
      +13
      I join, another push on the mangy tail of the enemy. yes
      1. antivirus
        antivirus 14 February 2021 15: 49
        -1
        on the contrary, it is necessary to turn out - offer Mexico, without the possibility of refusal - air control. space, supposedly for tracking drug flights. and ourselves - for the United States to look.
        only they have to take money from them, and not we pay for control over Mexico
    2. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 14 February 2021 14: 45
      +1
      On this occasion - well, for the SPRN! ... to paraphrase the anecdote ... "- I don't know who the SPRN is and I won't drink for it anymore"
      in general, the topic on the Crimean horizon is tangible and necessary ... and I roughly know where it will be
  2. Destiny
    Destiny 14 February 2021 12: 08
    +17
    Today the Voronezh station controls all directions of probable launches of ballistic and cruise missiles.

    Good news. Recently I saw that not a single launch in the world went unnoticed. A reliable shield of the state.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 14 February 2021 19: 04
      +5
      Quote: Destiny
      not a single launch in the world has gone unnoticed. Reliable shield of the state.

      The system was assembled and in 2018 the radar field around our country was closed. Several stations were in trial operation. The developments went on, statistics were collected. We got vulnerable spots, especially in the field of ground and space echelon interface, satellite repeaters, etc. Now, apparently, they have finished, all the bottlenecks have been expanded. Therefore, they passed the state acceptance. Otherwise it is impossible.
      Here is a picture of monitoring the airspace of the Don-2N radar over Moscow:

      And this is a ground network of Voronezh-type early warning systems:
  3. d1975
    d1975 14 February 2021 12: 09
    +5
    Yes, if they build it in Crimea, I can imagine what will begin. Crimea is ours, but let the analysts carefully calculate everything. The main thing is that people at the top understand what kind of partners we have in the West, this makes us happy.
    1. kit88
      kit88 14 February 2021 12: 15
      +4
      What will start?
      It's just an antenna.
      1. ul_vitalii
        ul_vitalii 14 February 2021 12: 24
        +3
        Quote: kit88
        What will start?
        It's just an antenna.

        Don't be silly or oversimplify. smile
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 14 February 2021 15: 51
      +1
      always rely only on your own strength - and don't care partners ... and the Crimean sanctions
  4. businessv
    businessv 14 February 2021 12: 22
    0
    As part of the modernization of the warning system, the main task of replacing equipment with modern ones using new technologies and ensuring the transmission of information to the command posts of the highest echelon was solved.
    Interestingly, the analog connection between the KP and the composite was left? Who knows, please drop a line, it's interesting! Thank you in advance!
    1. The eye of the crying
      The eye of the crying 14 February 2021 12: 25
      -3
      Quote: businessv
      Interestingly, the analog connection between the KP and the composite was left?


      What is "compound"?
      1. businessv
        businessv 14 February 2021 12: 36
        -1
        Quote: Eye of the Crying
        What is "compound"?

        What do you think it could be? laughing Or do you think that the early warning system consists only of the command post? I give a tip:
        network of ground-based over-the-horizon radar stations "Voronezh"
        - one of the original components. wink There are at least four more. hi
        1. The eye of the crying
          The eye of the crying 14 February 2021 12: 37
          -6
          Quote: businessv
          Or do you think that the early warning system consists only of the command post?


          Not. I don’t even understand why it would occur to you.

          Quote: businessv
          network of ground-based over-the-horizon radar stations "Voronezh"
          - one of the original components.


          In life, nobody calls stations "constituents". And the communication channels between the command center and the station, if they were analog, then in the immemorial past. They have been digital for a long time.
          1. Cap.nemo58rus
            Cap.nemo58rus 14 February 2021 13: 44
            +1
            Are you sure about that? Where does the infa come from?
          2. businessv
            businessv 14 February 2021 15: 35
            +3
            Quote: Eye of the Crying
            In life, nobody calls stations "constituents".
            Are you, for an hour, a linguist who discovered a new trend in the use of words? I wonder what the parts of any system are called, if not its components? Or is it your first time hearing about systemic components?
            Not. I don’t even understand why it would occur to you.
            It would not even occur to me to ask the question you asked in the first post! Try to understand the content first, then ask questions, or don't ask stupid questions at all, so as not to get similar answers.
          3. Boa kaa
            Boa kaa 14 February 2021 18: 28
            +1
            Quote: Eye of the Crying
            They have been digital for a long time.

            It's about the hardware. And even wired (cable) lines remained, not only "spatial" ones (wave, ionospheric, etc.). Terminal equipment and methods of processing and closing information, of course, are digital.
            1. The eye of the crying
              The eye of the crying 14 February 2021 19: 05
              -2
              There are no numbers in nature, so at the lowest level all lines are analog. It goes without saying.
    2. rocket757
      rocket757 14 February 2021 12: 42
      +3
      A conversation between people is also a transfer of information, and in some places it is still preserved in an analog format, but the widespread transition to "digital" is a reality ... over a long distance, only "digital", between offices, anyway.
      1. businessv
        businessv 14 February 2021 15: 24
        +2
        Quote: rocket757
        the widespread transition to "digital" is a reality ... at a long distance only "digital", between offices, anyway.

        Simply with an analog connection, after exposure to EMP, it would be possible to "manually" determine or find out where it flew and what else works. With a figure, I doubt it would be possible. Is there any duplication?
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 14 February 2021 16: 35
          +2
          Field telephone, for example, all sorts of EMP, before the flashlight! There is only an ax, well, maybe a projectile, specifically by cable.
          Of course, the concept is outdated, but working ... up to certain limits.
          PS By the way, "digital" is not so defenseless, if you look at it .... basic equipment can be well protected from indirect impact, and direct impact is the same as an ax through a cable.
    3. Piramidon
      Piramidon 14 February 2021 13: 24
      +3
      Quote: businessv
      Interestingly, the analog connection between the KP and the composite was left?

      We switched to field phones. laughing
      1. Marconi41
        Marconi41 14 February 2021 13: 35
        0
        Quote: Piramidon
        Quote: businessv
        Interestingly, the analog connection between the KP and the composite was left?

        We switched to field phones. laughing

        Without tapiks nowhere!
        1. antivirus
          antivirus 14 February 2021 15: 52
          0
          r274 teeth were cleaned in a hurry .............................
          1. A good one
            A good one 14 February 2021 16: 12
            0
            Quote: antivirus
            r274 teeth were cleaned in a hurry .............................

            Steel goes well on leashes, the pike oppresses, but we do not give up, we twist new ones. yes
        2. Piramidon
          Piramidon 15 February 2021 09: 07
          +1
          Quote: Marconi41
          Without tapiks nowhere!

          No means of electronic warfare are terrible. good
      2. businessv
        businessv 14 February 2021 15: 25
        0
        Quote: Piramidon
        We switched to field phones.

        Repeat where to forward? repeat
      3. Sergey Averchenkov
        Sergey Averchenkov 15 February 2021 07: 35
        0
        It was on this phone that I answered one night when to the headquarters duty officer. The conversation was anegdotical ... I did not understand anything (an ordinary soldier), but they demanded from me, but I cannot leave the headquarters, in the end I gave up - I ran after the officer on duty in the regiment. And the reason was simple - Chernobyl.
    4. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 14 February 2021 18: 20
      0
      Quote: businessv
      As part of the modernization of the warning system, the main task of replacing equipment with modern ones using new technologies and ensuring the transmission of information to the command posts of the highest echelon was solved.
      Interestingly, the analog connection between the KP and the composite was left? Who knows, please drop a line, it's interesting! Thank you in advance!

      Remained radio relay from the track to the station KS.
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 14 February 2021 12: 35
    +1
    The Kupol CEN currently includes four Tundra satellites, but by 2024 it should be brought to 10 spacecraft

    That's right!
    A whole complex of different technical means must operate to accurately control the most dangerous situations and directions!
    1. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 14 February 2021 15: 07
      0
      That's right! ...... well wax, yes. but satellites are the weakest link in the event of a hot situation, much more defensive ground horizons of both echeloned air defense and sabotage
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 14 February 2021 16: 32
        0
        Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
        satellites are the weakest link in case of hot conditions,

        It is not so weak if the system is branched, with good overlap, duplication.
        Here is the fact that this topic lags behind us, it's obvious, but ...
        We will see what measures will be taken.
        1. Crimean partisan 1974
          Crimean partisan 1974 14 February 2021 19: 14
          -1
          It is not so weak, if the system is branched, with good overlap, duplication ... even it is not clear what is "good overlap" and "duplication" of a satellite constellation ... what's the difference for this event in the event of a hot phase if all Orbital groupings will be a nightmare from tactical nuclear detonations of nuclear warheads in orbit to just an attack with generators in the gamma spectrum .... practical work in the leading powers has already been completed, and even plus our yellow dwarf is still that joker. especially recently ... so the terrestrial horizons are several times more reliable
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 14 February 2021 20: 05
            -1
            Nobody has checked anything, has not proved that the enemy's satellite grouping can be easily "turned off" from the process ...
            Some functions will not work properly after targeted exposure or constant resistance, but not all!
            In short, not everything is so simple and it is based on this definition that it builds its own tactics of counteraction, tactics of warfare ...
            1. Crimean partisan 1974
              Crimean partisan 1974 14 February 2021 21: 50
              -1
              Nobody checked anything, didn’t prove it, .... yeah, why the people of Xiaoping shot down their satellite, it is quite proven .... and with solar mass ejections there was a "killing" of satellites who did not have time to turn off for a while he was late turning into orbital debris ... well, no one has yet exploded nuclear warheads in orbit, nevertheless, theoretically, in this situation, the zone of action of the neutron flux and gamma radiation, that is, induced radiation, will be ten times larger. because there is no atmosphere ..... I personally understand that satellites are important, different satellites are needed .... but in the hot phase it is rubbish .... but the ionosphere from which the SPRN rays are reflected will not go anywhere ...
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 14 February 2021 23: 38
                0
                This is exactly the THEME, according to which neither confirmation nor refutation of your words is ... not necessary, and so it will do !!! WORLD WORLD!
                PS the military sphere is very dynamic! today NO, and tomorrow they think up something that is better not to know at all!
                1. Crimean partisan 1974
                  Crimean partisan 1974 15 February 2021 14: 45
                  0
                  , and tomorrow they come up with something that is better not to know about at all! ... yes, these are such ... in the course of the fighting viruses they let out for a walk, every year any goat swine and other flu mows down people
  6. gorenina91
    gorenina91 14 February 2021 13: 15
    -13%
    The upgraded Russian missile attack warning system (EWS) completed state tests at the end of 2020.

    - Yes ... - but Russia (for some unknown reason and "for nothing") took it very specifically and in detail ... - "introduced" China to this super secret "missile attack warning system" of ours ... - those. - in fact, gave China the foundations of this "missile attack warning system" ... But after all, this is ... a clear betrayal of ... Russia's interests and the disclosure of the secrets of our Russian defense system ...
  7. Kamchatsky
    Kamchatsky 14 February 2021 14: 09
    +2
    I served urgently in the early warning system three decades ago, so it's a holiday again !!!
  8. Pavel57
    Pavel57 14 February 2021 14: 17
    0
    Ready for war.
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 14 February 2021 15: 53
      0
      readiness is not enough, it is NECESSARY to WIN.
      or play up - we are for world peace. or not to dodge ... and say nothing - let them think about our capabilities
      1. Alex777
        Alex777 14 February 2021 23: 59
        +1
        Not to say anything late after EBNa.
        It was the Chinese who never let anyone near them.
        And here Kozyrev was the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
        Bakatin was the Chairman of the KGB ... Ugh ...
  9. Old26
    Old26 14 February 2021 17: 44
    +4
    Today the Voronezh station controls all directions of probable launches of ballistic and cruise missiles. The stations are located in the Leningrad, Kaliningrad, Irkutsk, Orenburg regions, in the Altai, Krasnodar and Krasnoyarsk regions. Two new stations are being built near Murmansk and Vorkuta, another is planned to be built in Crimea.

    A bit inaccurate. Not 2, but 3 Voronezh stations are under construction. The third is in the area of ​​the Voronezh-M station near Lekhtusi. And in the region of Sevastopol it is planned to build not "Voronezh-SM", but "Yakhroma" radar station. At least this is the data for January 2021.

    Quote: antivirus
    on the contrary, it is necessary to turn out - offer Mexico, without the possibility of refusal - air control. space, supposedly for tracking drug flights. and ourselves - for the United States to look.
    only they have to take money from them, and not we pay for control over Mexico

    Yeah. especially in the area that in Mexico it will be possible to cover, if not MLRS, then the same "Tomahawk" without the possibility of protection. Maybe before suggesting utter nonsense, you should first think ??? am

    Quote: d1975
    Yes, if they build it in Crimea, I can imagine what will begin. Crimea is ours, but let the analysts carefully calculate everything. The main thing is that people at the top understand what kind of partners we have in the West, this makes us happy.

    Voronezh-SM will not be built in Crimea. ORTU "Nikolaev" is going to build a "Yakhroma" radar in place of the old Dnepr radar (at least according to Shoigu)

    Quote: gorenina91
    - Yes ... - but Russia (for some unknown reason and "for nothing") took it very specifically and in detail ... - "introduced" China to this super secret "missile attack warning system" of ours ... - those. - in fact, gave China the foundations of this "missile attack warning system" ... But after all, this is ... a clear betrayal of ... Russia's interests and the disclosure of the secrets of our Russian defense system ...

    Is it necessary to write nonsense? China has its own early warning radar system, although it may not be as extensive and advanced as ours. "Help" to China is only in the modernization of the existing system. And some consider this almost a betrayal.
  10. Old26
    Old26 14 February 2021 19: 34
    +3
    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    if all the orbital groupings will have a nightmare from tactical nuclear detonations of nuclear warheads in orbit to just an attack with generators in the gamma spectrum

    Generally speaking, the satellite segment of the early warning system is either satellites on the HEO (the so-called "Molniya" orbit) or on the geostationary. The first has an overheating of 1,5-2 thousand kilometers on the earth's surface and an apogee of 36000 km, the second exclusively in a circular orbit of 36000 km. I do not think that they will be very much a nightmare there from nuclear explosions in low orbits.

    Quote: BoA KAA

    And this is a ground network of Voronezh-type early warning systems:

    The scheme, Alexander, is not entirely accurate.
    First, the planned station in Zeya is not "Voronezh", but the second station "Container".
    Secondly in the area of ​​the settlement. Ragozinka-2 (not far from Lekhtusi), where the Voronezh-M station now stands, it is planned to build another station - this time Voronezh-SM.
    IN 3. It is planned to build a station in Crimea instead of the old, no longer operating Dnepr station. Initially, they wanted to build the Voronezh-SM station there, but now it seems to be about the Yakhroma station
    AT 4. The stations in Olenegorsk (Murmansk region) and in the Vorkuta region have not yet reached the stage of even close-combat duty. It is planned in Vorkuta in 2021, in Olenegorsk in 2022
    AT 5. It is not yet entirely known where, but it is planned to build another Yakhroma station in Chukotka by 2030
  11. faterdom
    faterdom 14 February 2021 22: 14
    0
    It seems that we agreed with China to help him create such a system. I think, together with ours, half the globe will be under control.