Military Review

FSB declassified data on Nazi crimes in Crimea

52

The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB RF) has declassified data from the archives, testifying to Nazi crimes in Crimea. The documents refer to the massacres of the civilian population of the peninsula in a concentration camp located near the Krasny state farm near Simferopol.


It is reported by the news agency. RIA News, referring to the press service of the State Council of the Republic of Crimea.

Among the declassified documents is a copy of the 1969 decree to initiate a criminal case concerning the massacres of Soviet citizens. The office work was opened to continue the search for evidence against the former commander of a number of Sonderkommando SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Paul Zapp, who at that time was under arrest.

According to the vice-speaker of the Crimean State Council Viktor Bobkov, the SS man is accused of personal participation in the murder of 13,5 civilians on the peninsula. For this he was arrested again in Germany, where he was sentenced to life imprisonment.


Bobkov also recalled that Zapp was released ahead of schedule, in 1986, after which he lived for many more years - up to 94 years.

Among the declassified documents are the testimonies of local residents, including translators who entered the service of the Germans.

The first archival documents about torture and executions in a concentration camp near the Krasny state farm were declassified by the FSB in November 2020.
Photos used:
http://memorialkrasniy.ru/
52 comments
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  1. Hunter 2
    Hunter 2 10 February 2021 16: 18
    +18
    Open archives, declassify such documents! Some have already begun to forget what and how it was, and even began to justify the CRIMINALS!
    1. Bashkirkhan
      Bashkirkhan 10 February 2021 16: 29
      +2
      The SS man is accused of personal involvement in the murder of 13,5 thousand civilians on the peninsula. For this he was arrested again in Germany, where he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Zapp was released ahead of schedule, in 1986, after which he lived for many more years - up to 94 years.

      The publication says that Zapp suffered a well-deserved punishment, and was released after 16 years of imprisonment with clear advice.
      During the trial, Zapp stated that his task was to make death as easy as possible for the victims:
      "On the occasion of the big execution in Nikolaev, he tried to shoot a Jew who jumped into a pit with dead bodies, but this was done not out of racial hatred, but out of" pity. "He wanted to" spare "the man, as he was suffocating under the mountain of bodies."
      1. hirurg
        hirurg 10 February 2021 20: 04
        +6
        I am sure that all the descendants of veterans who went through the Great Patriotic War remember the feats and sacrifices of their relatives. The Immortal Regiment confirms this.
        There are, it is the non-humans who have betrayed the memory of their ancestors.
        They twist history along with the surviving Nazis and their descendants.
        Therefore, they are dosed in the nose with declassified DOCUMENTS, namely a document against words and memories.
      2. frruc
        frruc 10 February 2021 20: 51
        +4
        FSB has declassified data on Nazi crimes in Crimea ........

        For many, the action is not clear - "declassified-declassified the crimes of the Nazis", what it means. Is it classified to fool our people?
        1. Petrol cutter
          Petrol cutter 10 February 2021 22: 17
          -2
          "For many, the action is not clear -" declassified-declassified the crimes of the Nazis, "what does that mean. Did they make it secret to fool our people?"
          That, not. They don't keep such things secret for a year or two.
          There, people have their own games.
          For example, to identify local comrades who carefully helped in the events. Here, as Comrade Sukhov taught, it is a delicate matter.
          Abdullah had to be taken through a pipe (as it turned out later).
          And to fool the people ... What? With the loss of millions of people ...
          Thirteen thousand are no longer making the weather ...
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 11 February 2021 17: 00
          +1
          Quote: frruc
          For many, the action is not clear - "declassified-declassified the crimes of the Nazis", what it means. Is it classified to fool our people?

          Most likely not to bring down the people's anger on traitors and accomplices from among Soviet citizens. Because in the Crimea, the degree of collaboration was off the charts.
      3. Petrol cutter
        Petrol cutter 10 February 2021 22: 06
        +4
        "The publication says that Zapp suffered a well-deserved punishment and was released after 16 years of imprisonment with clear advice."
        To be honest, I can't understand. Here to kill one person, problems with conscience are already beginning ...
        By the way, with the law.
        And our partner put thirteen thousand five hundred people !!! ..
        No wine women and men ...
        And with a clear conscience to freedom! .. Presumably, everyone has a different conscience.
        What a twist!
        1. zwlad
          zwlad 11 February 2021 11: 05
          +2
          And our partner put thirteen thousand five hundred people !!! ..
          No wine women and men ...

          Unfortunately, they never considered us human, and they still don't. Therefore, his conscience is clear.
    2. businessv
      businessv 10 February 2021 16: 43
      +8
      Quote: Hunter 2
      Some have already begun to forget what and how it was, and even began to justify the CRIMINALS!

      Of course you need to declassify! For what information about such crimes is kept secret ?! The more often we remind of such atrocities, the more correctly our youth will form an opinion about them!
      1. Anarchist
        Anarchist 10 February 2021 17: 55
        +2
        Quote: businessv
        What is the secret of data

        Such data is classified for reasons of national security. After all, a series of events leads to their identification, events carried out by our spies, including. Untimely, hasty publicity can lead to the exposure of subsequent operations ... And so the chain to the present day.
        Declassified only when the current events are not intertwined with the events of past years.
        1. XXXIII
          XXXIII 10 February 2021 20: 39
          +1
          Quote: Anarchist
          Quote: businessv
          What is the secret of data

          Such data is classified for reasons of national security. After all, a series of events leads to their identification, events carried out by our spies, including. Untimely, hasty publicity can lead to the exposure of subsequent operations ... And so the chain to the present day.
          Declassified only when the current events are not intertwined with the events of past years.

          This is true, but below are the comments from the category of why, they do not understand, they even surprise. And there, after all, these documents may contain very important information for special services. And what is published, not everything is checked and published 100 times, all the same. Especially those documents where methods and plans are described. There will be these secrets for another 100 years. My great-grandfather served in the ranks of the Red Army counterintelligence. And this is already the grandfather told his father, and the father told me. And no one knows what he did and who he was, heroes of victory without a name. hi

          ps. Why tell the enemy a brilliant work, let the enemy think and work on himself.))
      2. mig29mks
        mig29mks 10 February 2021 20: 28
        +6
        And the Nazi accomplices in Crimea also need to be declassified, out of 20000 thousand Crimean Tatars called to the front, almost the same number of Crimean Tatars went over to the side of the Nazis, and how they mocked the prisoners should also be declassified.
  2. Lexus
    Lexus 10 February 2021 16: 18
    +3
    Before, why were they silent? Did Asishai interfere with the chancellors? To PR on the memory of the dead is despicable.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 10 February 2021 16: 25
      +23
      Quote: lexus
      Before, why were they silent? Asishai interfered with the chancellors

      It's just that Erdogan's Crimean "compatriots" were also among the performers there and svidomye, but under the Union they did not pedal.
      1. Destiny
        Destiny 10 February 2021 16: 31
        +27
        Namely, the ratio of the Crimean Tatars in the German army and among the partisans will be more than 30 to 1, not in favor of the defenders of Soviet power. Not so long ago:
        "In order to relieve social tension, it was decided to remove from the textbook the entire section devoted to forced or deliberate interaction with the Nazis of representatives of various nationalities who lived in Crimea during the Great Patriotic War."
        State Duma deputy Ruslan Balbek complained about the textbook. He noted that the authors of the book represented part of the Crimean Tatars as assistants to the German invaders.
        The parliamentarian demanded that the authors apologize and remove the textbooks from schools. One of the co-authors of the publication said that he was not going to apologize, and the deputy was demanding "to rewrite history." The Council of Crimean Tatars asked to withdraw the textbooks and bring to justice those involved in their publication.
        Subsequently, the books were withdrawn from school and public libraries.

        1. businessv
          businessv 10 February 2021 16: 47
          +16
          Quote: Destiny
          Subsequently, the books were withdrawn from school and public libraries.
          This is in vain! Because of such actions, the Tatars were evicted from the Crimea. It is clear that not everyone collaborated with the Germans, but if you remove such facts from textbooks, then the Soviet authorities will look like monsters, as they are today presented in the Square!
          1. mat-vey
            mat-vey 10 February 2021 17: 10
            +5
            Quote: businessv
            as they are presented today in the Square!

            Only there?
        2. Lech from Android.
          Lech from Android. 10 February 2021 16: 50
          +15
          This deputy, who is trying to hide the crimes of Nazi accomplices, must apologize, that's a scoundrel.
    2. New Year day
      New Year day 10 February 2021 16: 38
      +17
      Quote: lexus
      Before, why were they silent?

      who was silent! - A series of ships in the 70s in Simferopol. The beast was named then, now - only Zapp is to blame! Shame!
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 10 February 2021 16: 41
        0
        Someday it will come to the "tsap-tsarap" for this disgrace, including.
      2. aars
        aars 10 February 2021 16: 46
        +7
        And why should I be secret at all?
        And why not declassified 20-40-60 years ago, if they were already mistaken?
  3. Svarog
    Svarog 10 February 2021 16: 20
    +6
    Only one thing I can not understand why the data on the crimes of the Nazis were classified and for so long they have not been disclosed to the public.
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 10 February 2021 16: 27
      +3
      And I'm still surprised - why is this all a Nazi bastard who, after sitting a little in European prisons, and then released to "live out", lived for a very long time? I do not remember exactly the names, but it was often mentioned that they had been dragged over 80 years.
      1. Bashkirkhan
        Bashkirkhan 10 February 2021 16: 45
        -4
        It depends on the way of life. I read the memoirs of the Soviet tanker Hero of the Soviet Union D.F. Loza, who fought in 1945 with the Kwantung Army of Imperial Japan. So their regiment suffered the greatest losses from captured methyl alcohol.
    2. New Year day
      New Year day 10 February 2021 16: 42
      +27
      Quote: Svarog
      why the data on the crimes of the Nazis were classified and for so long they have not been revealed to the public.

      Vladimir! They were named long ago, but now they are being retouched.



      In the summer of 1972, six guards from this concentration camp were tried in Simferopol. They were sentenced to capital punishment. And in the fall of 1974, the second trial took place over three members of the 152nd SD Volunteer Battalion, who were related to Red. Three more collaborators who served in punitive units were convicted in 1977. All these courts were called "Crimean Nuremberg" in the press.
      1. Svarog
        Svarog 10 February 2021 16: 46
        +3
        Vladimir! They were named long ago, but now they are being retouched.

        Yes, thanks for the clarification ... the dissonance, however, in my head ... they began to paint again ... it will not bring good luck ... the country should know its "heroes" so that this does not happen again in the future .. Deflection will not give anything , except for falsification of history and oblivion of crimes, and as a result of belittling the exploits of the Soviet people.
    3. user1212
      user1212 10 February 2021 17: 33
      +8
      Quote: Svarog
      Only one thing I can not understand why the data on the crimes of the Nazis were classified and for so long they have not been disclosed to the public.

      First, the main task immediately after the war was to filter the returned prisoners. Those who were captured voluntarily, surrendered with weapons, collaborated with the Germans, such were identified in the first place. Then they dealt with traitors and deserters in the ranks of the army, as well as prisoners of war of all stripes. Only after having dealt with the living did they set about the dead, incl. the exhumation of mass graves was taken up more closely. Analyzes, interviews with local residents, criminal cases, investigation.
      Secondly, because you start to publish such documents and the names of collaborators of all stripes begin to slip through there. The same Crimean Tatars would have been cut out by the roots by the fifties by the "grateful neighbors" if the people knew the scale of their crimes immediately after the war.
  4. AB
    AB 10 February 2021 16: 20
    +8
    The first archival documents about torture and executions in a concentration camp near the Krasny state farm were declassified by the FSB in November 2020.

    “In April 1944, temporary monuments were erected on this territory,” says the director of the memorial, Sergei Zhuchenko. “In 1960, an obelisk was erected on the site of one of them. In the seventies, a number of trials took place over those who served in the concentration camp guard, During the preparation of these trials, new places of reprisals were revealed, and on January 29, 1972, the remains of 1806 victims of Nazi terror discovered during the preparation of investigative actions were reburied in a mass grave next to the obelisk. a foundation stone was installed in the grave. "
  5. New Year day
    New Year day 10 February 2021 16: 36
    +32
    FSB declassified data on Nazi crimes in Crimea

    I wonder what she declassified? request
    Everything has been known for a long time, in the 70s a series of trials took place
    https://cloud.mail.ru/public/8ssf/41xvqvfsx
    to continue the search for evidence against the former commander of a number of Sonderkommando SS Obersturmbannführer Paul Zapp, who at that time was under arrest.

    Is that all? Political Correctness?


    Where is the role of the 152nd Schutzmannschaft Battalion of the Auxiliary Police of the Schuma Order, formed from Crimean Tatar collaborators? After all, it was this battalion that did all this, which is confirmed by our courts ...

    Or expediency again?

    And it was removed from the textbooks! Only the Germans and no one but the Germans. Another rewriting of history
    1. hydroy
      hydroy 10 February 2021 16: 43
      +12
      We must not flirt with tolerance, history or Crimean Tatars are collaborators, or meanly let’s forget history for the sake of “quiet” living (
    2. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 10 February 2021 16: 46
      +1
      I wonder what she declassified?
      PR ...
      1. New Year day
        New Year day 10 February 2021 17: 00
        +18
        Quote: Aerodrome
        PR ...

        imitation of violent activity
  6. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 10 February 2021 16: 41
    +5
    From whom have the Nazi crimes been kept secret to this day? What did they hide and why?
  7. Avior
    Avior 10 February 2021 16: 46
    +4
    I don’t understand why these documents were classified?
    What was it secret that seventy-five years had to be kept secret?
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 10 February 2021 17: 42
      +3
      Quote: Avior
      I don’t understand why these documents were classified?
      What was it secret that seventy-five years had to be kept secret?

      On the Second World War, a lot of documents are classified. If they are kept secret, then they believe that it is harmful for the population to know this information. There can be no other explanation.
      1. Avior
        Avior 10 February 2021 19: 25
        -2
        I know that a lot is classified. But in this particular case, it is extremely difficult to understand the reason for classifying exactly these.
        1. Obliterator
          Obliterator 10 February 2021 22: 13
          0
          Quote: Avior
          I know that a lot is classified. But in this particular case, it is extremely difficult to understand the reason for classifying exactly these.

          Obviously, according to the good old tradition, everything was kept secret. And only now we got to declassify our hands.
  8. prior
    prior 10 February 2021 16: 56
    +7
    You were right, Joseph Vissarionovich!
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 10 February 2021 17: 05
      +4
      Quote: prior
      You were right, Joseph Vissarionovich!

      he was flawed ...
  9. samarin1969
    samarin1969 10 February 2021 17: 07
    +10
    Classification in Crimea continues. A couple of years ago, the "Prosveshchenie" publishing house published the textbooks "History of Crimea, Grade 10" for the twentieth century. The textbooks passed all examinations, were written by leading Crimean historians, agreed by leading officials of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It was written in an interesting way, as authentically and correctly as possible. But because of the storm of "indignation" of "interested persons", textbooks were withdrawn over the weekend as part of a real "special operation" from all libraries.
    There are many such tragic pages as the state farm "Red" in the military history of Crimea. With the appropriate political will, the descendants of the German Nazis could be repaired for hundreds of billions of EURO: to make them pay and repent, pay and repent ...
    1. Svarog
      Svarog 10 February 2021 17: 58
      0
      the corresponding political will could "reparation" the descendants of the German Nazis for hundreds of billions of EURO: to make them pay and repent, pay and repent ...

      It is a pity that she does not exist (political will), I would enjoy their tears and repentances .. these atrocities need to be recorded in the genome so that they would remember .. and cry and repent .. cry and repent ..
      I liked your phrase very much hi
    2. Avior
      Avior 10 February 2021 19: 28
      +4
      In my opinion, all documents from the times of the war should be declassified. 75 years have passed, this will not affect security in any way.
      1. samarin1969
        samarin1969 10 February 2021 19: 56
        +2
        Quote: Avior
        In my opinion, all documents from the times of the war should be declassified. 75 years have passed, this will not affect security in any way.

        This is undeniable. Moreover, our ancestors turned out to be more courageous and more humane than the "civilizers". And the descendants began to forget about the price for "peaceful sky".
        But here many rightly point out that there were and are many reasons "not to stir up the past": "Stalin's German project," gas "...
        1. Andrey VOV
          Andrey VOV 10 February 2021 20: 16
          +4
          You understand, among other things, there is simply not enough people and time to declassify documents, can you imagine what kind of arrays there are? But the fact that the stamp is worth, well, in those days everything that was possible and not needed was secret
        2. Obliterator
          Obliterator 10 February 2021 22: 29
          0
          Quote: samarin1969
          But here many rightly point out that there were and are many reasons "not to stir up the past": "Stalin's German project," gas "...

          There is no such reason. If the reputation of the leader suffers a little, so it's okay, the reputation of a saint will not threaten him anyway. The materials of criminal cases during the Great Terror really should not be touched, but the Second World War can be slowly opened.
  10. Igoresha
    Igoresha 10 February 2021 19: 01
    +1
    on the Internet they write that Putin classified the archives about the Second World War until 2040, and the archives of the NKVD until 2050 ............ and why?
    1. Andrey VOV
      Andrey VOV 10 February 2021 20: 17
      +5
      Fuck is written on the shed, and there is firewood, they write a lot on the Internet
    2. businessv
      businessv 10 February 2021 20: 21
      +3
      Quote: Igoresha
      on the Internet they write that Putin classified the archives of the Second World War until 2040, and the archives of the NKVD until 2050
      Who can know this, except the archivists? The whole problem is in the filters of the Internet - there is much more chatter than the truth.
      1. Terenin
        Terenin 10 February 2021 20: 53
        +2
        Quote: businessv
        Quote: Igoresha
        on the Internet they write that Putin classified the archives of the Second World War until 2040, and the archives of the NKVD until 2050
        Who can know this, except the archivists? The whole problem is in the filters of the Internet - there is much more chatter than the truth.

        Yes, no one will even once a year climb all the existing secret documents and check if they have lost their relevance - they only follow the list with dates.
        Documents usually receive a classified status and storage period initially. For example, 25-50-75 years old.
        Theoretically, we can assume that it is possible to apply "group" deadlines - for all documents on some topic 80 years, for example - quickly and efficiently ...
      2. Avior
        Avior 10 February 2021 22: 29
        +3
        You can find out
        Try to find, for example, award lists for famous partisans - Fedorov, Saburov, Kovpak.
        Information about the awards is posted on the Internet, but not all.
  11. Professor
    Professor 10 February 2021 21: 22
    +1
    FSB declassified data on Nazi crimes in Crimea

    Cool. It turns out that for 70 years the KGB + FSB hid information about Nazi crimes in Crimea.
  12. Dkuznecov
    Dkuznecov 10 February 2021 23: 56
    0
    What nonsense.
    Apparently a place on hard
    is over.
    Otherwise, they would have removed the bar early, for example
    in Nuremberg.