Military Review

Daurian knight against the Troubles

48
Daurian knight against the Troubles

Modern portrait of the head of the Asian Cavalry Division, Lieutenant General Baron R. F. von Ungern-Sternberg [/ center]

World War


Sotnik Roman Fedorovich Ungern-Shterberg joined the 34th Don Cossack Regiment as part of the 5th Army of the Southwestern Front. Since the beginning of hostilities, he has earned a reputation as a brave and intelligent officer. One of the certifications noted:

"In all cases of military service, the esaul Baron Ungern-Sternberg served as a model for officers and Cossacks, and these and others are dearly loved."

For the autumn battles in Galicia, the centurion was awarded the Order of St. George, IV degree. They were awarded for heroic deeds in the war. And the order was the most honorable award of the empire.

Ungern appreciated this order and wore it constantly. The officers who served in the Ungern division during the Civil War knew that the baron greatly appreciated those who were awarded the St. George's Crosses before February 1917. The crosses granted by the Provisional Government were considered second-rate by the baron.

Soon Roman Unger became a legendary figure at the front. He became an excellent scout, disappeared for a long time in the enemy rear, and adjusted the fire of our artillery. Co-workers noted his amazing endurance. It seemed that he was tireless. For a long time he could remain without sleep and food.

During the first year of the war, Ungern received five wounds, fortunately not severe. Therefore, he was treated right there in the wagon train of the reserve regiment. The Baron appreciated his service and truly loved. A true warrior.

The regiment commander in 1916 noted:

“In terms of combat, he was always beyond praise. His service is a solid feat in the name of Russia. "

Even ill-wishers noted that ordinary Cossacks love and trust their commander. Later, in Mongolia, even the elderly Cossacks called him

"Our grandfather."

"He was impeccable in terms of combat,"

- says a colleague about Roman.

“He shows wide solicitude for the Cossacks and the horses. His hundred and his uniform are better than others, and his hundredth cauldron is always loaded, perhaps more fully than it was supposed to be according to the norms of allowance. "

The Baron's mother sent him significant sums.

In revelry he was not noted. Apparently spending money on equipment and food for his hundred. It was a "knight" in the best sense of the word. Subordinates saw and appreciated it. They knew that the baron would not leave, he would help out and support.

"Partizan"


At the end of 1914, Ungern transferred to the 1st Nerchinsk Regiment of the Ussuri Division. He fought bravely and skillfully, was awarded the Order of St. Anne IV degree "For Bravery."

The positional "trench warfare" weighed on the active warrior. At this time, sabotage detachments were formed from the best commanders and volunteer fighters, by analogy with the Patriotic War of 1812 they were called "partisan".

In September 1915, Roman Ungern entered the "Horse detachment of special importance at the headquarters of the Northern Front", in a special unit under the command of the ataman Punin, which was supposed to conduct deep reconnaissance and sabotage behind enemy lines. The detachment successfully participated in the Mitavskaya, Rizhskaya, Dvinskaya and other operations.

The squadron commanders of the detachment were known in the future white generals - S.N. Bulak-Balakhovich (commander of the 2nd squadron), Yu.N. Bulak-Balakhovich (junior officer of the 2nd squadron), Ungern-Sternberg (commander of the 3rd squadron ). The Baron was noted as one of the most desperate and dashing commanders of the "partisan" detachment.

It was at this time that the style of battle of the future white general was formed: a dashing attack on the superior forces of the enemy; surprise, overturning all the calculations of the enemy; neglect of unfavorable factors that interfere with the operation.

The presence of desire, iron will and energy compensates for any unfavorable circumstances, Ungern himself believed. Later, during interrogation by the Chekists, he uttered a phrase that can be called his motto:

"Everything can be done - there would be energy."

During his further service in a special detachment, Roman Fedorovich received two more orders: the Order of St. Stanislav III degree and the Order of St. Vladimir IV degree.

Baron Ungern returned to the Nerchinsk regiment in the summer of 1916 after a conflict with a superior commander (the commander undeservedly insulted the baron and received a slap in the face in return).

In September 1916, he was promoted from centurion to podyesauli, and then to esauls - "for military distinction" and was awarded the Order of St. Anna, III degree.

The regiment at that time was commanded by P.N. Wrangel. The regiment, after being distinguished in battles, was awarded a special honor - the patronage of Tsarevich Alexei. A regimental delegation headed by the regimental commander Wrangel was prepared. It included the most distinguished Cossacks and officers in battles, including Ungern.

At this time, the division was withdrawn to the reserve in Bukovina. On October 21, Ungern-Sternberg with his friend poddesaul Artamonov received a short vacation in the city of Chernivtsi.

There was a scandal. The drunken baron hit the rear officer. And instead of meeting with the heir to the throne, Ungern gave evidence to the army court. The division commander, General Krymov, the deputy commander of the regiment that had served in Petrograd, Colonel Makovnik, and Wrangel himself, who sent a telegram from the capital, gave Ungern brilliant characteristics.

On November 22, the corps court of the 8th Army ruled: Esaul Roman Fedorovich, 29 years old,

"For drunkenness, dishonor and insulting the officer on duty with words and actions"

subject to imprisonment for a period of two months. In fact, he served it at the time of his arrest.

Experienced officers were required on the front lines. Ungern spent some time in reserve.

Caucasus


In the spring of 1917, Baron Unger was on the Caucasian front.

He transferred to the 3rd Verkhneudinsk regiment of the Trans-Baikal Cossack army, which operated in Persia. Here his colleague was a fellow soldier in the Nerchinsk regiment, the future ataman G.M.Semenov.

The regiment was stationed in the area of ​​Lake Urmia. It was commanded by Prokopy Oglobin, Ungern's colleague in the 1st Nerchinsk regiment. The troops of the Caucasian Front, due to their remoteness from the center of the revolution and big cities, as well as some historical conservatism of the Caucasian units, decomposed more slowly than the troops of other fronts. There were many Cossack units at the front.

However, the decay quickly spread throughout the army and reached the Caucasian front. The command tried to stop the infection with the revolutionary virus by forming shock units, where the best soldiers and commanders who had retained their combat capability were transferred. In other units, the situation only worsened, the bravest and most disciplined fighters left them.

Semyonov and Ungern planned to form volunteer units recruited from foreigners. Before my eyes was an example of the Caucasian cavalry native (mountain) division. It consisted of the Dagestan, Kabardin, Tatar, Circassian, Chechen and Ingush regiments, recruited from mountaineers volunteers. The officers were regular, many of the guards, from the best aristocratic families of the empire.

The brilliance of the high-profile names of the Wild Division could compete with the guards units. And ordinary highlanders were ready to die for the "white king". In the East, the sacred tradition is always respected (Russian tsars were considered almost descendants of the gods, the sacred rulers of Asia).

According to Semyonov and Ungern, such units were supposed to have a psychological (and, if necessary, forceful) impact on the decayed Russian units. Having received permission from the corps headquarters, the commanders began to embody their idea.

Semyonov wanted to form a unit from the Buryat Mongols.

Roman Fedorovich formed a volunteer squad from the Aysor-Assyrians. This people lived in some areas of Turkey, Persia and the Russian Empire. As Christians, they were persecuted by Muslims. During the war, Turkey committed a real genocide of Christian nations. Finding themselves in the zone of operation of the Russian army, the Aisors happily greeted the Russians, provided them with all kinds of support and assistance.

Knowing perfectly the high-mountainous regions, the Aisors have established themselves as excellent guides. They also worked in the rear support services.

Ungern-Sternberg began to form Aysor combat units in April 1917. Aisors actively joined combat squads and showed themselves well in battles with the Turks. Semyonov noted that the Aysor squads showed themselves brilliantly.

However, the front in conditions of general turmoil could not save it. A spoonful of honey in a garbage barrel.

The Caucasian front collapsed.

Thus, Baron Ungern acquired the first positive experience in the formation of foreign units (he was also actively used by the opponents of the White Guards - the Reds, especially Trotsky). In his opinion, foreigners, due to their patriarchal way of life, psychology are difficult to decompose. They just don't understand liberal or socialist agitation. They obey an authoritative warrior, a great leader.

Also, the Baltic knight came to the conclusion that the army had decayed completely and it was possible to put it in order only by the draconian measures themselves. Again, after the failure with the volunteers and "partisans", the red command will do the same - revive the traditional army with its orders and strict discipline.

Roman Ungern also noted the fall of the Russian officer corps, its lack of will and indecision. Therefore, in the future in his division, he will act extremely harshly with the officers. According to the medieval code of honor, according to which Ungern lived, the knight officers betrayed their suzerain king. And they must answer for it with blood.

As one of the officers who served in Ungern's division recalled:

"He constantly reminded his subordinates that after the revolution, gentlemen officers should not think about rest and even less about pleasure, instead, each officer should have one tireless concern - to lay down his head with honor."

Only death relieves the officer from the duty of struggle.

As a result, Ungern-Sternberg was a real representative of the military class. These were the Spartans, the warriors of Svyatoslav Igorevich or the Japanese samurai. For him, the decay and degradation of the Time of Troubles was unacceptable. He tried with all his might to revive his ideal.

At the same time, Ungern had a completely different attitude towards ordinary soldiers and Cossacks. He was a father-commander, a "grandfather" for them. He treated the privates with care and respect.
The Baron strove to feed and clothe his soldiers as best as possible, to provide them with the best medical care. The wounded were provided with the best food. It was impossible to abandon the wounded in the baron's units. For this they were punished with death.


Cherry Kurma (eastern sleeveless jacket), belonging to Baron Ungern-Sternberg.
(Minusinsk Museum of Local Lore, Minusinsk)

"Now Russia will drown in blood!"


The army was gone.

Only visibility remained. Roman Fedorovich left the Caucasian Front.

There are no documents confirming the life of the baron in the spring and summer of 1917. There is evidence that he was in Reval in the summer. It is possible that he was waiting for news from his colleague Semyonov. Previously, they discussed the possibility of forming Buryat and Mongolian units in Transbaikalia, where Semyonov had acquaintances and connections.

Semyonov, as Ungern later noted, was a cunning and clever man, that is

"Calculating and understanding the benefits."

Therefore, he tried to use the favorable moment for his own purposes.

He was chosen as a delegate to the Trans-Baikal army. And he proposed to Kerensky to create in Buryatia a separate mounted Mongol-Buryat regiment, so that

"To awaken the conscience of a Russian soldier",

for whom foreigners who bravely fighting for the Russian cause would become a living reproach.

In the summer, Semyonov was appointed commissar of the Provisional Government and sent to the Trans-Baikal region to form foreign units.

At the same time, the cunning Semyonov secured written authority from the Petrograd Soviet. At this time, the Februaryist revolutionaries were alarmed by the growing popularity of the Bolsheviks and sought to restore order in the army, relying on various volunteer and foreign groups. True, it was all in vain.

During the Kornilov revolt, Baron Ungern, although he did not support the liberal views of General Kornilov himself, joined the units of the native cavalry Ussuri division, which was marching to Petrograd through the Revel railway junction.

The monarchist Roman Ungern hoped that the commander-in-chief would destroy the revolutionary infection in the capital and restore order in the army. However, the generals showed indecision and weakness, suspended the movement of troops near Petrograd, and began negotiations with Kerensky. Kornilov himself remained at Headquarters in Mogilev. Far from the epicenter of events and with their best units (Kornilovites and Tekins).

The headquarters was completely isolated. And the troops were subjected to large-scale agitation. The commander of the 3rd cavalry corps, Krymov, advancing on the capital, was driven to suicide or killed.

The performance failed.

On the whole, Kornilov's failure became the prototype of the future defeat of the White movement.

The ideal of Kornilov (and then of almost all the leaders of the White movement - Alekseev, Denikin, Wrangel, Kolchak, etc.) was liberal Western civilization. It is this model that will unconditionally lose to the Bolsheviks, who had a powerful idea, which was of a messianic, religious character, and preached a "kingdom of justice", understandable to the Russian people.

Liberal revolutionaries, Westernizers, capitalists did not have support among the masses.

Kornilov, as a representative of the right wing of the Februaryist revolutionaries who destroyed the Russian autocracy, opposed the left wing of the Februaryist revolutionaries.

And he suffered a crushing defeat.

To be continued ...
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  1. bober1982
    bober1982 9 February 2021 05: 16
    +4
    At the time of the suicide (murder) of General Krymov, he held the post of commander of a separate Petrograd army, to which he was appointed by Kornilov, and Krymov shot himself (shot) in Petrograd.
    The 3rd Cavalry Corps was commanded by General Krasnov, who unsuccessfully advanced towards the capital.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 9 February 2021 06: 36
      +9
      I wanted to correct the Author, but you got ahead of me.
      An interesting article but similar remarks "The ideal of Kornilov was liberal Western civilization", "Kornilov, as a representative of the right wing of the Februaryist revolutionaries who destroyed the Russian autocracy, spoke out against the left wing of the Februaryist revolutionaries."
      I'm afraid the truth will be that Kornilov himself did not know for whom he was and with whom! Having the opportunity to drown revolutionary Petrograd in blood, he did not take this step and did not take sin on his soul. His rebellion is a chain of half measures of a man who does not know why he needs it and what he wants. Bolokhov's memories of the "son of a Cossack" are, in this case, a banal attempt to explain the inexplicable! I am afraid that during this period it concerned the whole country, which was at a crossroads.
      To be honest, I personally put the blame for the Civil War on Nicholas II, who merged the country "passed it as a squadron." It is bad that Father Alexander 2 did not live up to the events of those years. Perhaps We did not slip into the fratricidal nightmare of a series of revolutions.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 9 February 2021 07: 24
        +3
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        Kornilov himself did not know for whom he was and with whom!

        Yes, you can agree with you.
        Krasnov, when he introduced himself to Kornilov when he was appointed commander of the 3rd corps, noted (to himself, of course) all the operetta of the upcoming military coup, as well as some bombast of Kornilov himself, whose name literally thundered in Russia at that time.
        The son of a Cossack, there was no way he could be the Supreme Ruler of Russia, and it can be argued for sure that Lavr Georgievich had the most vague ideas about any civilizations, Western or liberal.
        1. gsev
          gsev 16 February 2021 09: 19
          0
          Quote: bober1982
          all the operetta of the upcoming military coup,

          Kerensky simply understood that if the coup was successful, Kornilov would hang him before the Bolsheviks. Therefore, in order to preserve its life, the coup was crumpled. In addition, Kornilov was unable to organize the normal operation of the railways during the mutiny. And Ya. Sverdlov was able to transfer propagandists and their force support from the Latvian riflemen to neutralize the Kornilov rebellion.
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 16 February 2021 09: 32
            0
            Quote: gsev
            In addition, Kornilov was unable to organize the normal operation of the railways during the mutiny.

            Krasnov noted, when visiting Kornilov, that the readiness for a military performance was very low, there was some enthusiasm, which was limited to sleeve patches with skulls and, all kinds of conversations and speeches about the need to save Russia, once again.
            Quote: gsev
            Ya. Sverdlov was able to transfer propagandists and their military support from the Latvian riflemen to neutralize the Kornilov revolt.

            When an attempt was made to unsuccessfully move along the railway, according to Krasnov, all kinds of agitators were constantly darting freely from car to car, as a result of which discipline in the corps began to rapidly fall.
      2. bober1982
        bober1982 9 February 2021 07: 55
        +4
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        Having the opportunity to drown revolutionary Petrograd in blood, he did not take this step and did not take sin on his soul. His mutiny

        Not quite so, there were no opportunities to drown revolutionary Petrograd in blood - the garrison itself was corrupted, the sabotage of railway workers, this whole Masonic group of generals: Krymov, Alekseev, the corrupt commander of the northern army, the angry population, deserters and looters, general confusion and chaos. And, brave, but not quite smart Kornilov, as the future leader. There were no chances, everything ended in a fuss with a little shooting, some were unlucky, like Krymov.
      3. Obliterator
        Obliterator 9 February 2021 12: 53
        +2
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        His rebellion is a chain of half measures of a man who does not know why he needs it and what he wants.

        Was his "mutiny" really a mutiny? Kornilov sent troops to defend Petrograd from the Germans, and Kerensky himself attributed the intentions to disperse the temporary workers and revolutionaries.
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 9 February 2021 13: 55
          0
          Quote: Obliterator
          Was his "mutiny" really a mutiny?

          There was also an appeal, "the son of a Cossack and the Cossack himself" is from there!
          1. Obliterator
            Obliterator 9 February 2021 14: 26
            +2
            Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
            There was also an appeal, "the son of a Cossack and the Cossack himself" is from there!

            This is Kornilov's reaction to declaring himself a traitor.
          2. ivan2022
            ivan2022 10 February 2021 11: 39
            +3
            Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
            "The son of a Cossack and the Cossack himself" is from there!

            Heh ... heh. All that is missing is a naval overcoat with a white scarf and a flight helmet in the left handle instead of a power, as is customary in our country. In Russia, they love the military .... and if the "Cossack" - so on hand and in the Kremlin!
            Was Kornilov going to continue to be "just the son of a Cossack" or was he trying to establish his own military dictatorship? Is this not a mutiny?
            Even according to Denikin's admission, Kornilov did not have any social program at the time of the mutiny! (then they scribbled retroactively) And this was during the surplus appropriation period, when the Army was provided with food by 50%. When the question was providing the largest cities with bread and firewood for the winter ...
            Well, just like from Gaidai's movie ... "From where? - From there ....."
            But they surrendered Riga. But in 1918, in the territories occupied by the Germans (Ukraine, Pridonye), Japanese, Americans (Primorye), collaborators created entire armies to fight the Russian Federation. Previously, such "patriots" were hanged in the USSR like Krasnov or buried with great honors in the United States, as in 1947 Denikin.
        2. gsev
          gsev 16 February 2021 13: 22
          0
          Quote: Obliterator
          Was his "mutiny" really a mutiny?

          It seems that Kerensky tried with the hands of Kornilov to remove political opponents in the person of the anarchists, Left Socialist-Revolutionaries and Bolsheviks who were underdeveloped by him in July. But Kornilov decided to play his game and took too much on himself. As a result, the provisional government was frightened by the Kornilovs more than by the Bolsheviks and gave the go-ahead to the Bolsheviks and the Vikzhel to neutralize Kornilov.
  2. Sentinel-vs
    Sentinel-vs 9 February 2021 06: 16
    +14
    This is the third article in the last month and a half about this character. What kind of sharpening of attention to this person on TV?
    1. 210ox
      210ox 9 February 2021 09: 11
      +2
      Maybe someone wants to put a monument "not made by hands" (like Krasnov or Mannerheim)? By the way, unlike the weak-willed overlord, his individual servants were very determined.
    2. Simargl
      Simargl 9 February 2021 12: 52
      0
      Quote: Sentinel-vs
      What kind of sharpening of attention to this person on TV?
      New feudalism, the glorification of old heroes ...
      Here I do not understand: the tsarishko has renounced, so why the devil to stand under his banner?
      I don’t see any option but to bite off a piece of the country under the auspices of the departed king and feed from it.
    3. gsev
      gsev 16 February 2021 09: 25
      0
      Quote: Sentinel-vs
      This is the third article in the last month and a half about this character. What kind of sharpening of attention to this person on TV?

      It's just that the United States is now deploying another campaign to draw attention to Delai Lama and the "government" of Tibet in exile. Ungern is a comfortable character for this campaign with his bestial anti-communism. When the Chinese Foreign Ministry wakes up from hibernation and asks Putin, all praise for Ungern in Russia will end ..
  3. Far B
    Far B 9 February 2021 06: 25
    +10
    As a result, Ungern-Sternberg was a real representative of the military class. Such were the Spartans, warriors of Svyatoslav Igorevich or Japanese samurai
    Bg-g! Ungern was an adventurer to the core. Do not play crazy for the most. Type of Cortez and Pissarro, Napoleon. The Time of Troubles was just his time. I went to success, I didn’t.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 9 February 2021 15: 43
      +6
      Yeah ... A German is a Buddhist sadist - an idol-demigod of the Mongols. Only in troubled times
      such float to the crest of history.
  4. avia12005
    avia12005 9 February 2021 06: 47
    +21
    I recommend the author to go to Chita. He himself served there for 15 years. In these places, stories about the atrocities of the Semyonovites are still alive. Maybe the civil war and the glorification of all parties involved in it will be enough?
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 9 February 2021 07: 23
      +5
      Quote: avia12005
      Maybe the civil war and the glorification of all parties involved in it will be enough?

      A civil war is a war between the oppressors and the oppressed, between those who wanted to continue to parasitize and those who no longer wanted to endure it.

      So that this does not happen again, we must talk about it, talk about the feat of the people who threw off the exploiters and "barons" who rushed into the service of the enemies of Russia and served them for the destruction of Russia. They are enemies of Russia, so it's either bad about them or nothing.
      1. Moore
        Moore 9 February 2021 11: 12
        +4
        If without pathos, a civil war is a continuation of the struggle of political forces for power by military methods. In Lincoln's times, the freedom of black slaves was thought of last, as, for example, in Cromwell's about the free life of the yeoman.
        Although it must be admitted that a wonderful family man and no monarch with a gang of oligarchs who replaced him brought the country to the handle.
    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 9 February 2021 08: 35
      -4
      Quote: avia12005
      Maybe the civil war and the glorification of all parties involved in it will be enough?

      I absolutely agree with you that there are no and cannot be heroes in the Civil War !!!
      1. paul3390
        paul3390 9 February 2021 11: 54
        +3
        For you, maybe not. But for a very large number of people, the red commanders are still heroes. And at least break your forehead against the wall. tongue
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 9 February 2021 12: 09
          0
          Quote: paul3390
          For you, maybe not. But for a very large number of people, the red commanders are still heroes. And at least break your forehead against the wall. tongue

          Like my generation, I was brought up on Chapaev, Kotovsky, Frunze and Shchors. I have no antagonism towards them, but with age you understand that a war when a brother went to a brother, and a son against a father cannot be heroic. This is the worst thing that could have happened and is still bleeding. Alas, a century later, we are still divided into white and red.
          1. paul3390
            paul3390 9 February 2021 14: 32
            +1
            Naturally. And so it will continue until the working class finally takes over. The class struggle has not yet been canceled. The civil war is not over, it's just that there was a 70-year break in it. 30 years ago - it ended. This means that everything is still ahead. And this cannot be avoided. Alas, until communism wins across the planet, humanity will continue to solve its problems by scuffle ..
  5. svp67
    svp67 9 February 2021 07: 34
    +16
    After Krasnov, Mannerheim, now they are trying to whitewash Unger ... And for what?
    1. Sentinel-vs
      Sentinel-vs 9 February 2021 08: 02
      +15
      Desovetization, as one of the directions of state social. politicians.
    2. Boris55
      Boris55 9 February 2021 08: 02
      +9
      Quote: svp67
      And for what?

      Someone wants to reign again, so they glorify their ancestors, with a desire to convince the others that only the master will judge us ... They are slaves at heart and think that the rest are the same as them, that without the master we will not survive. You are mistaken, gentlemen, we survived in the bloodiest war of the 20th century and proved to the whole world that the state of workers and peasants has the right to coexist, and this foam, stirred up by perestroika, will sooner or later disappear.
      1. paul3390
        paul3390 9 February 2021 12: 01
        0
        And so it will be. No options. There is no doubt about it. Because otherwise - the curses of the bourgeoisie will simply ruin us all ..

      2. Obliterator
        Obliterator 9 February 2021 13: 36
        -1
        Quote: Boris55
        Someone wants to reign again, so they glorify their ancestors, with a desire to convince the others that only the master will judge us ... They are slaves at heart and think that the rest are the same as them, that without the master we will not survive.

        The modern Russian bureaucracy has no succession with the White movement, and it is not interesting to it.
    3. Simargl
      Simargl 9 February 2021 12: 54
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      And for what?
      New feudalism. Not?
      1. svp67
        svp67 9 February 2021 15: 09
        0
        Quote: Simargl
        New feudalism. Not?

        Under feudalism, there is no such developed industry ...
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 10 February 2021 17: 31
          0
          Quote: svp67
          Under feudalism, there is no such developed industry ...
          How is it connected?
          This is the estate-class structure of society.
          1. svp67
            svp67 10 February 2021 17: 54
            0
            Quote: Simargl
            How is it connected?

            And the fact that with the advent of industry, the class of capitalists grows and they, it is they, become the basis, which means the system turns into a capitalist
            1. Simargl
              Simargl 10 February 2021 19: 00
              0
              Quote: svp67
              And the fact that with the advent of industry, the capitalist class grows
              New feudalism is when all the money is earned and its holders invest in power, not production.
  6. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 9 February 2021 08: 43
    +11
    maybe he was a brave officer of the 1st MV ... but in Siberia he became famous more as an executioner ... a punisher and a leader of marauders ... it was these who pushed most of the population of Russia to the side of the Bolsheviks better than any propaganda ...
    at VO it's time to tie the whitewash white movement ... it's delightfully inappropriate ...
    1. svp67
      svp67 9 February 2021 15: 09
      +1
      Quote: silberwolf88
      but in Siberia he became famous rather as an executioner ...

      And in Mongolia?
  7. Stirbjorn
    Stirbjorn 9 February 2021 09: 37
    +4
    Some kind of propaganda article. The Baron was a bright personality, but in everything he did not look in such a white light, including the memories of his brothers in arms.
  8. Captain45
    Captain45 9 February 2021 10: 58
    +10
    Here you read articles about all these Denikin-Wrangels-Ungerns, all, as a rule, are excellent, brave officers, all had awards in the First World War, they showed themselves excellently at the fronts, they were both tacticians and strategists, organizers and commanders, but ... But the result of the civil war, in which they all took the most active part, did not work in their favor, despite the fact that the generals were supported by the entire Entente, Europe and America. Means what? And the fact that they were not needed by the people. There was no truth behind them, and whoever had the truth, for that and victory! Famous: "What is the strength, brother?" (C)
    1. paul3390
      paul3390 9 February 2021 12: 05
      +4
      For some reason, liberal authors forget to mention the obvious - the former tsarist officers who turned to the whites were, in fact, defeated by the same tsarist officers who went to the red ones .. More than two-thirds of their payroll - fought for the Bolsheviks. And probably - they had very good reasons for this ..
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 9 February 2021 12: 53
        0
        Quote: paul3390
        More than two thirds of their payroll - fought for the Bolsheviks.

        One third - for the Whites, the other third - for the Bolsheviks and a third - evaded the fight.
        Quote: paul3390
        And probably - they had very good reasons for this ..

        It was a fairly common phenomenon, like "dash" from one opposing side to the other, and back to where he ran from.
    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 9 February 2021 12: 16
      +2
      You yourself answered your own question Captain from Kurgan, the aspirations of the Bolsheviks were simple and understandable for the layman. The people followed those who did something, and did not promise.
  9. 7,62x54
    7,62x54 9 February 2021 12: 04
    +4
    Trouble should be called the February bourgeois revolution, when those close to him took the throne from Nicholas the Bloody.
    Everything that happened after the October Revolution was a just struggle of the people for their rights and the future of the country.
    The Semyonovs, Ungerns and other white trash are murderers and executioners.
  10. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 9 February 2021 12: 27
    +3
    About poor Ungern-Sternberg, put in a word ... Figli, illegally repressed, not by the legitimate authorities. Now it is fashionable and popular. Shed a tear for a murderer not guilty .. laughing
  11. BAI
    BAI 9 February 2021 13: 43
    +7
    Yes, it has been a long time since so much oil was poured on the White Guards. But what about their irreconcilable enemy, the whole "red emperor" Stalin? Either the author has a split personality, or there is a split in the group of authors. But in any case, no social responsibility.
    But quoting Homer is something new, previously this has not been observed.
    cunning Semyonov

    find 10 differences from the dodgy Odyssey.
  12. evgen1221
    evgen1221 9 February 2021 15: 26
    0
    Guys, commentators, can you read the article without labeling each other, just read it as a chronology of the actions of this or that historical character during his life? The article is therefore in the section HISTORY and not Opinions.
  13. phair
    phair 10 February 2021 03: 24
    +4
    I lived in Tuva. Very bad characteristics gave that Ungern, that Soloviev. To bandits - Arctic fox!
  14. ivan2022
    ivan2022 April 19 2021 09: 09
    0
    Triumph of idiocy, Russian history as a "game of thrones". It is quite intelligible for the modern, already dislocated reader.
    Simple considerations that Ungern, with his pathological project "New Chingizkhania" - acted objectively in the interests of contemporary Japan, that Ungern is an undoubted and not rehabilitated criminal both under the laws of the RSFSR and the laws of the Russian Federation, that he destroyed entire villages, that "the great Denikin "formed his army in the territories temporarily occupied by Germany and, in fact, a collaborationist who acted in the interests of the West .... all this is too boring and swept aside out of the blue JUST BECAUSE THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE WANTS FAIRY TALES AND BYLIN."
    The Bolsheviks with their Trotsky are not a government that defended the independence and integrity of Russia, no, they are also "serpents of Gorynych and Kashchei" with messianic idiotic ideas of a "world revolution", the USSR is a mythical country where people with two heads lived and barked like dogs , but they knew how to "make rockets". VOMES ALREADY FROM ALL THIS BRAND
  15. ecolog
    ecolog April 20 2021 00: 01
    0
    And if, in the place of the baron, an officer had been slapped in the face by a private, he would have been shot.
    "Kornilov's program" was not known even to Denikin and was reduced to a soldier's "putting things in order." "Liberal" Kornilov preferred to solve problems in a very liberal way - by shooting. He did not like taking prisoners