Military Review

"To fight skillfully and in a guards way": The key to the city of Vienna is in Ryazan

34

Voennoye Obozreniye continues its series of publications under the heading Museum Exhibit. These are small stories that are dedicated to arms, military equipment, communications equipment, equipment, dual-use structures, which can be found among various exhibitions or in private collections.


In today's story, we will talk about a special exhibit that does not belong either to weapons or to any military equipment. However, this exhibit is very special. This is the key to the Austrian capital - the key to the city of Vienna, which is kept on the territory of the Russian Federation, namely, in the glorious Russian city of Ryazan.

Finding the symbolic key to Vienna in Russia is not easy historical given, it is also a reminder of the results of the Great Patriotic War to all those who are trying to rewrite its history or engage in another kind of defamation of the Victory of the Soviet people over Nazism.

76 years ago, in February 1945, the development of the Vienna offensive began. The Stavka set the date for the start of the offensive on March 15, 1945. The operation was to begin on Hungarian territory, where the forces of two Guards armies (the 4th Guards - at the time of the start of the operation under the command of General Nikanor Zakhvataev - and the 9th Guards General Vasily Glagolev) would deliver a devastating blow with access to positions that would form "Boiler" for the 6th German tank army (SS army).

The final assault on the Austrian capital was extremely difficult due to the fact that the Nazis turned Vienna into a real impregnable fortress - with a huge number of anti-tank ditches, anti-personnel barriers, echeloned defense, mined bridges. Almost any brick building, as noted by the participants in the storming of Vienna, was turned by the German fascist forces into a place for conducting long, protracted, exhausting battles. Literally every basement, every attic was mined, and the small detachments of the Nazis who were there fought with incredible ferocity.

The Soviet airborne groups that were storming the city were faced with the need to overcome the lined barrage lines, often under enemy crossfire.

The cost of taking Vienna was high. The losses of the Red Army amounted to more than 35 thousand soldiers. The general sanitary losses of the Red Army are over 130 thousand.

As a result, on April 13, 1945, the Austrian capital, which was called the "second Berlin" due to the fierce resistance of the Nazis, was completely cleared of Nazi armed formations.

The Soviet command received a symbolic key to the city - the city, which, by the way, eventually remained, so to speak, in the Western sphere of influence. The Soviet Union liberated Austria from Nazism, for which the ordinary Austrians were immensely grateful to the Soviet soldiers. This is to the question that some pseudo-historians today are actively trying to designate the liberation mission of Soviet troops in Europe as "conquest", "enslavement". But the facts speak for themselves, and such facts clearly hurt the camarilla that tries to throw mud at the Soviet feat.



Among the exhibits are the binoculars of General Ivanov, with whom he took part in the Vienna offensive.

From the congratulations of the soldiers of the 3rd Ukrainian Front from the command on the example of the guard corporal N.P. Gargal:

Dear comrade of the Guard, corporal Gargal N.P.! By order of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief Marshal of the Soviet Union, Comrade Stalin, dated April 13, 1945, number 334, gratitude was announced to the troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, including you, as a participant in the battles for the capture of the capital of Austria - Vienna. During the battles for Vienna, our troops defeated eleven German tank divisions, captured more than 130 thousand enemy soldiers and officers, destroyed and captured a lot of enemy equipment and military property. The command congratulates you, a participant in these glorious battles, with a high award - the gratitude of Comrade Stalin and expresses confidence that in new battles you will fight just as skillfully and courageously - in the guards style!

Today it should be noted that Austria remains one of the few European countries where the memory of the Soviet soldiers-liberators is carefully preserved. Military graves are under constant supervision, including by representatives of military history clubs and volunteer organizations. And for this I want to say thank you! Especially against the background of the attitude towards the memorials of Soviet soldiers in some other European countries, trying to forget about their own history.
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Military Review
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  1. SaLaR
    SaLaR 5 February 2021 19: 10
    +2
    Bogatyrs ... not like the current tribe ... soldier
    1. nnm
      nnm 5 February 2021 19: 18
      +22
      Well, it's not true ... there were also 18-year-old guys in Chechnya who fought heroically despite the fact that the authorities had no time for them, there was Ibrashev, who blocked the road to the Georgian convoy alone in 2008, and there were "this is for you guys!" from Filippov, there was Nurbagandov .... and many, many, many others. We didn't grind it, it's just that now the country has other heroes that every iron speaks of - the Buzovs, Morgensterns, Navalny, Zverevs, etc.
      And the names and surnames of real guys and girls are now heard only occasionally, because then we may doubt that we are weak, stupid, poor, that our country has a banner of a different color, except for the mouse shades of the uniform of our athletes.
      1. SaLaR
        SaLaR 5 February 2021 19: 19
        -3
        Thats exactly what I mean................. sad
      2. Dkuznecov
        Dkuznecov 5 February 2021 19: 40
        -13%
        I agree, a feat always, I repeat always,
        where there is betrayal.

        And I won't say anything about Alexei Navalny,
        but it is quite possible that many looked around for the first time and
        thoughtful. And this is already good - in times of total
        feeding "we are fine, but
        the enemy does not sleep. "
        I'm tired of looking at the well-fed faces.
        1. Clear
          Clear 5 February 2021 20: 32
          +6
          Quote: DKuznecov
          I'm tired of looking at the well-fed faces.

          Dmitry, but these expressions of the people of the 90s, when the West was happy with everything in Russia, have you forgotten?

          1. Dkuznecov
            Dkuznecov 5 February 2021 20: 41
            +1
            He himself received cards in the first year,
            how not to remember.
            I could not buy only. There was nothing.
            And I bought three-liter cans with cigarette butts.
            There are three-liter cans behind the old man
            with black pumpkin jam.
            1989 year. Heartburn was terrible.
            Tested "on potatoes" in Bronnitsy in 89.
            Combined with a loaf.
            About "well-fed" faces - I'm not talking about people.
          2. Svarog
            Svarog 5 February 2021 20: 42
            +10
            Quote: Clear
            Quote: DKuznecov
            I'm tired of looking at the well-fed faces.

            Dmitry, but these expressions of the people of the 90s, when the West was happy with everything in Russia, have you forgotten?


            An artificially created deficit ... created by the predecessors of today's leaders.
            1. Dkuznecov
              Dkuznecov 5 February 2021 21: 26
              -2
              You will not believe. I am an economist myself.
              There is no conspiracy here.
              Ordinary ***** egg.
              It is enough to give an example of the exploitation of the German (FRG)
              assembly plant. Purchased with foreign currency and with a guarantee.
              April 22 (Lenin's birthday, May 1 (workers' day)
              and on November 7, they increased the plan by 5 percent plus.
              They shouted - "we have exceeded the plan!"
              By removing the limiters on the controllers.
              Until the plant "hunted". Not an insured event.
              The Germans asked, they say, why did you increase
              total capacity by 20%?
              Answer: +5 to the plan should have been - they just did not understand.
              They asked, "but at once it was possible to specify the terms of reference for a different power
              to do? We would have provided. "
              Then the sound disappeared from ours.
              Do not forget about the logistics that arose because of these "+5" to the plan
              and overstocking of warehouses.
              1. Svarog
                Svarog 5 February 2021 21: 54
                +13
                Quote: DKuznecov
                You will not believe. I am an economist myself.
                There is no conspiracy here.

                Believe it ... why ... now there are a sea of ​​economists ... and they are all followers of those economists who brought the country to the level of Africa ... But the Chinese model demonstrates sustainable and consistent development ... just like the economy itself under Stalin ..
                1. Lexus
                  Lexus 6 February 2021 03: 20
                  +8
                  This symbolic key is in the collection of the Airborne Forces Museum at the RVVDKU. That is why it has survived. At one time, when a "kleptomaniac-stooltkin" appeared there with a team of "tax collectors" whose purpose was to "optimize" the troops in general, and the renowned school in particular, the head of the parachute "alma" stood up to protect the landing and the only mater "Hero of Russia Colonel Krasov Andrey Leonidovich. They say that privately it came to "local battles of a local nature" with "an increase in seismic activity on the globe in the region of Cherepovets." However, living witnesses of the "clash" are reluctant to discuss this topic. repeat Veterans joined later. The information reached "the very". With the mediation of the commander of the winged infantry, Shamanov, the conflict was hushed up. The Airborne Forces, the RVVDKU and its museum were left alone, even slightly increased the number, and expanded the MT-base of the school (it was there - great). Colonel of the Guard ... a year later he became a Deputy of the State Duma from the United Russia (he still "legislates"). But the special forces faculty, created on the basis of the Military Automobile Institute, was less fortunate. After the visit of the "rowers" there, according to the law of the genre, the most valuable exhibits disappeared from the collection of the BAT Museum ... Evaporated ... Akhalai-mahalai. crying Details here. However, they are fairly "politically corrected".


                  Most of all "pinched" the Museum of Local Lore (now called the Ryazan Museum-Reserve). The Guardians remember this with tears in their eyes. But others were "working" in its exposition and storerooms. There were many of them. Representatives of "pop culture" were especially not shy, who, in the end, "begged" him. The remains of the collection await moving to a new building, which has thundered throughout the country with longstanding. You can read about it here

          3. Avior
            Avior 6 February 2021 13: 09
            -3
            Is this really a photo from the 90s? in the Union it was possible to photograph exactly the same.
      3. Dimonst
        Dimonst 6 February 2021 00: 41
        +4
        Buzovs, Morgensterns, Navalny, Zverevs, etc. The first thing I saw was this comment .. What kind of Buzovs .. Who is Morgenstern .. I don’t know who it is? I am engaged in production, I know Tsiolkovsky, Itskhaki, radar station, TERTS, electronic warfare and much more .... I personally know the Ramstein guys .. But so that Morgenstern ... bully
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 6 February 2021 04: 36
          0
          Quote: DimonSt
          What kind of Buzovs .. Who is Morgenstern .. I don’t know who it is?
          Retired already, or soon?
          1. Dimonst
            Dimonst 6 February 2021 05: 08
            +1
            Is it envy? It's far from retirement. In adequate .. and with age too. Otherwise there would be no Ramstein laughing And I did not understand the trick about the pension. And here is the pension, if the social circle is from 17 to ...... Or do people become idiots with age?
            1. Simargl
              Simargl 6 February 2021 09: 48
              -1
              Quote: DimonSt
              And here is the pension, if the social circle is from 17 to ...
              A social circle is not always a circle of interests. You communicate on topics that interest you.

              Quote: DimonSt
              Or do people become idiots with age?
              Dementia, Alzheimer's ... take your pick.

              Quote: DimonSt
              and with age too. Otherwise there would be no Ramstein
              Lullabies are great!

              Quote: DimonSt
              Is it envy?
              WHO? What?
              1. Dimonst
                Dimonst 6 February 2021 18: 14
                +1
                I see no reason to answer you ..
    2. Prisoner
      Prisoner 5 February 2021 20: 50
      0
      Normal tribe, filthy time. The time is such - the stomach and everything below the belt come to the fore, and the brains are passed out. Not all of them, of course, but many.
  2. svp67
    svp67 5 February 2021 19: 28
    +10
    Well done for keeping. It is a pity that EBN, in due time, returned the key to Warsaw ...
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 5 February 2021 19: 51
      +7
      Quote: svp67
      Well done for keeping. It is a pity that EBN, in due time, returned the key to Warsaw ...

      This human insignificance betrayed, sold and gave everything, for which our fathers and grandfathers shed blood. He is indifferent to the lives of millions of Soviet people. His main credo is "Boris you are Europe!" This is the same as Vlasov, Zhilenkov and the ROA company.
      1. svp67
        svp67 5 February 2021 19: 57
        +8
        Quote: tihonmarine
        This is nothing human,

        For me, he showed his complete insignificance here ...
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 5 February 2021 22: 29
          +4
          Quote: svp67
          For me, he showed his complete insignificance here ...

          And here it is not worse.
    2. Ryaruav
      Ryaruav 5 February 2021 20: 10
      -3
      these representatives of cattle are ready to sell everything and, led by a Napoleon (who is not worth a hundredth of a percent of the greats), this is how this Leningrad gang rules
    3. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 6 February 2021 02: 05
      +4
      Quote: svp67
      Well done for keeping. It is a pity that EBN, in due time, returned the key to Warsaw ...

      I don’t like EBN, but in fairness - the timpani and the keys to Warsaw, which Suvorov once received, we returned to the Poles in the 30s. However, as well as a number of historical cannons, which were captured during numerous wars with them.
  3. Hunter 2
    Hunter 2 5 February 2021 19: 32
    +10
    The cruelty of the battles for Vienna is also evidenced by the fact that the medal dedicated to this Event was called “For the Capture of Vienna” and not for the Liberation. There were four medals for the Capture of the cities for Vienna, Königsberg, Budapest and Berlin!
    Correct and necessary article, if you honestly did not know that the symbolic key to Vienna is kept in Ryazan! soldier
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 5 February 2021 19: 56
      +8
      Quote: Hunter 2
      The event was called "For the Taking of Vienna" and not for the Liberation. There were four medals for the Capture of the cities for Vienna, Königsberg, Budapest and Berlin!

      And our fathers and grandfathers did not release anyone, they only took and stormed. Because all the allegedly liberated fought for Hitler. (except Serbia, bow to them).
  4. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 5 February 2021 19: 37
    +4
    Austria and Germany are probably the only countries where they look after the graves of Soviet soldiers.
    It does not fit in my head why the countries of Eastern Europe, liberated by the Soviet Army, are destroying and demolishing monuments.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 5 February 2021 19: 59
      +1
      Quote: Blacksmith 55
      It does not fit in my head why the countries of Eastern Europe, liberated by the Soviet Army, are destroying and demolishing monuments.

      Because they were taken by storm, where tens of thousands of our fathers and grandfathers died, but they were not released. What you see today. Or do you disagree with me ???
      1. Dkuznecov
        Dkuznecov 5 February 2021 20: 48
        0
        Я
        I do not agree.
        The civilian population was not taken by storm.
        But the industry was restored and created.
        Hungarians, Romanians, Yugoslavs and other Bulgarians won't let you lie,
        turning from an agrarian to an industrial country.
        The EU really ruined everything, but there was a time, I will not list,
        Suffice it to recall motorcycles and Java. Peace be upon them.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 5 February 2021 22: 03
          0
          Quote: DKuznecov
          but there was a time, I will not list,
          Suffice it to recall motorcycles and Java. Peace be upon them.

          Yes, not in motorcycles in Xia life.
  5. Igor sanych
    Igor sanych 5 February 2021 19: 39
    +1
    I don’t remember this in Ryazan, but where exactly is it kept?
    1. Volodin
      5 February 2021 19: 51
      +4
      In the museum complex of the Airborne Forces School
      1. Igor sanych
        Igor sanych 6 February 2021 02: 06
        0
        Thank you)
  6. Vadim Ananyin
    Vadim Ananyin 5 February 2021 20: 07
    +1
    I knew one such hero 1,7 m tall, there was no half-cranium, and like a scout, Stalin's letters were in the robe locker.
    He reached G. Vienna and in 90gg he had to trade with his grandson snikars !!!!!!!!!
    Because the sensitive regime of Yeltsin and Gaidar cared so much about the people !!!!
  7. Alexfly
    Alexfly 12 February 2021 16: 11
    0
    My grandfather ended the war in Austria! Passed from Stalingrad to Vienna! Heroes Not us .... Memory and glory!