Military Review

Soviet snowmobile vehicles: tests 60 years ago

18

At one time, the film laboratory of the design and experimental department of the Gorky Automobile Plant prepared and presented a film dedicated to snowmobile cars. Among these cars, which were created by GAZ, there were modifications of the GAZ-1950 car with a 1970x69 wheel arrangement, which was widespread in the 4-4s. For the convenience of driving on snow, this Soviet SUV could be equipped with both additional skis and several track blocks.


In total, at that time, the Gorky Automobile Plant had designed and built four models of snowmobile vehicles. The tests were carried out in the winter of 1959-1960.

Two technologies were chosen for walking on the snow: sliding on the snow using skis and pushing off the ground by the propellers.

Such autosleds during the tests showed their limited capabilities when passing through the snow cover. If, at the maximum possible depth of the propeller, it does not come into contact with the ground, then the snowmobile machine turns out to be helpless in overcoming the snow-covered "virgin soil".

As it turned out then, problems arise in the case of using tracked units. If there were no questions about the mileage on the snow, then with the carrying capacity it was far from clear. GAZ-69, which was equipped with this kind of propellers, had a low carrying capacity, and this did not allow us to calculate how successful the use of tracked units on vehicles with a higher carrying capacity would be.

About trials 60 years ago:

18 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. SaLaR
    SaLaR 3 February 2021 19: 25
    0
    Well after all might... or rather could ... recourse
    1. credo
      credo 3 February 2021 20: 13
      +2
      Quote: SaLaR
      Well after all might... or rather could ... recourse

      And now we can. Even better.
    2. raw174
      raw174 3 February 2021 20: 57
      +4
      Quote: SaLaR
      Well after all might... or rather could ... recourse

      And what could, in this case? These cars did not go into production due to the fact that they were not successful. Now our gas workers drive UAZs with three axles and large low-pressure tires, they walk on top of any snow, a much more successful option ...
      1. SaLaR
        SaLaR 3 February 2021 21: 03
        -4
        Could think and create their own ... and not assemble as now from imported spare parts
  2. tanki-tanki
    tanki-tanki 3 February 2021 19: 36
    +2
    An original idea, but it is much more efficient to at least fly by helicopter. And so the idea was implemented well.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 3 February 2021 19: 48
      +6
      A snowmobile is still cheaper, but you can't find enough fuel for a turntable, drive several times a day.
      1. Hunter 2
        Hunter 2 3 February 2021 19: 55
        +8
        Konstantin, definitely cheaper! I would add not only "snowmobile" but "snow-swamp". Large areas of the country are also covered with swamps ...
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 3 February 2021 20: 09
          +9
          Hi Aleksey. hi
          I agree, there are also problems with the swamps, I remember how at the last exercises, almost all of our tank battalion sat down, God had mercy on me, among the few. Or rather, I myself screwed up that where the grass is darker and juicier it is better not to climb, I also jumped off the armor and felt the ground, so we got to the first hill, and then it became easier.
      2. tanki-tanki
        tanki-tanki 3 February 2021 20: 00
        +2
        Cheaper, but the propeller truck won't make it through deep snow, and the idea is not entirely good. As for practicality and price, the GAZ-48 is more suitable. It's quite effective
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 3 February 2021 20: 11
          +4
          That's right, there will be problems with deep snow. And what kind of GAZ-48? Something is not remembered.
          1. tanki-tanki
            tanki-tanki 3 February 2021 20: 15
            +3
            All-terrain vehicle built on the basis of the GAZ-47. From 8 minutes, the video is mainly about him and we are talking
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 3 February 2021 20: 27
              +4
              My laptop is ancient, the video does not go, otherwise I would not ask.
              1. Bad_gr
                Bad_gr 3 February 2021 21: 37
                +2
                Quote: Sea Cat
                And what kind of GAZ-48
                GAZ-47
                GAZ-48
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 3 February 2021 21: 47
                  0
                  Thank you, I remembered, the geologists seemed to love this car. Or very similar to her.
                  And the bottom photo is a copy of the Lendleigh amphibian from "Ford"?
      3. mat-vey
        mat-vey 4 February 2021 09: 10
        +1
        Quote: Sea Cat
        A snowmobile is still cheaper, but you can't find enough fuel for a turntable, drive several times a day.

        The helicopter also has temperature limitations.
  3. Errr
    Errr 3 February 2021 20: 33
    +6
    "Shishiga", of course, is famous, but there were wheels and more interesting. smile https://youtu.be/_YA6WSmCHRg
  4. nznz
    nznz 4 February 2021 01: 08
    +2
    the most reliable and powerful is similar to the GAZ 47 and 47. In our country they were called GTS and GTT, which stands for medium and heavy tracked tractor, respectively. On a new land I have never met better transport. In normal weather they drove the Urals with the Kungs, but when they got through the road, they rarely could break through. They all got out of the car and from the acceleration was in the alley. The spotlights on the cars were paired (the threads were soldered - the light was stronger), in difficult cases when the road was not visible and you could crow from the embankment to the side of the road, the height was decent ... we had to stomp in the middle of the car. If the movement was across the wind, it’s just a white wall and nothing They tied the end to the hook about 10 meters and stomped. The driver shone a searchlight from the cabin in the back and rode at a pace, quietly. We reached the turn and the direction changed to parallel with the wind, and then we could see further away. So we stomped.
    The GTS is better, the roads can not be disassembled, the landing is low, on the hills and hillocks it slid sideways like a boat. The sailor turns the friction clutches, and it also turns instantly. As for the comfort, well, in the admiral's room there, yes, the stoves are in good order, warm and blowing brutally, and even large windows like in an aquarium.
    Ordinary GTS ki is a gasp stove often faulty. The women were seated forward to the stove, and the sync button in the cockpit. The cabin was constructively separated, like a car, and the rest is the body, these are simply tarpaulin-covered frames. For boarding, the board was folded back (it was from 2 parts on the long side. When everyone sat down, the driver buttoned the board and lowered and buttoned the canvas canopy.
    Even a 15-minute trip of those who sat at the exit turned into millers - everything was covered with the smallest powder of snow from the caterpillars grinding snow to dust. The main advantage is still high cross-country ability. additional minus exhaust is often (always) thrown by the wind into the cabin) .. aunts were rocked and added carbon monoxide. if the trip is not short, then it happened to blackout. In my memory, it was once, the new boss was stubborn and distrustful. The change that got into the first option usually stayed at work so as not to risk anything. The new boss fell for the screams of one coward, inexperienced .. decided to change the staff - he sent the GTS ku (the operative on duty highlighted - most of them did not work on the first option, even the sentries were removed). Well, I put the older guy who never went in the cab, that's why he didn't know the road. The path is 3 km in total. Gone. All ina nerves, some wives there were in shift .. they began to collect a search engine, gathered men and already asked for advice himself. They told him everything they thought, got together, equipped themselves and went to the transport to sit down. But here from the betraying center the call-krzhidi circled We were lucky, we drove a truck over the iron, got up, the driver got out, the cap was carried away in a moment, and sat for about 20 minutes thinking what to do, and then again, lucky, someone opened the door and the light jumped right next to them. Everyone was straightened there, from there they were taken by a coupler from 2 GTS and 2 experienced warrant officers. The aunts blew off - the exhaust was breathed and rocked through the hills. GTS is a thing ..
  5. Edvid
    Edvid 9 February 2021 06: 14
    0
    And here is the auger all-terrain vehicle: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wq6DAX53fdI