Military Review

Unmanned aerial vehicles in future wars

38

Fight for air supremacy



The events of armed conflicts in recent decades have given rise to the idea that UAVs are capable of independently achieving a decisive defeat of enemy troops.

Since the Vietnam War, where UAVs were first used, the scale of their use continued to grow.

If during the first applications of the UAV, only a few units were used, and later - dozens of devices, then already during Operation Desert Storm, the coalition forces made 522 UAV sorties, whose total combat flight time was 1 hours.

The recent armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh has become the nightingale of the use of UAVs. In fact, the massive use of shock UAVs became the main feature of this incident.

Based on this, the idea that drones are supposedly capable of independently solving the tasks of an armed conflict gained popularity among a number of specialists.

Beginning in 1921, the Italian military theorist Giulio Douet, in his book Air Supremacy, argued that aviation must play a leading role in the war. And that airstrikes on the state and economic centers of the enemy can lead to victory.

“Anyone who has to fight even the most modern weapons with the enemy dominating the air, he will fight like a savage against the European colonial troops, in the same conditions and with the same chances of victory ",

- confirms his idea Field Marshal Rommel.

Absolute air supremacy during the wars in Iraq, operations in Yugoslavia and other others allowed the US Armed Forces to fulfill their tasks in the shortest possible time, causing irreparable damage to the enemy on the ground.

However, when compared with a comparable manned fighter jet (which starts at $ 100 million) or an AH-64 Apache attack helicopter ($ 50 million or more), small UAVs start at $ 500 (homemade products used by ISIS fighters in Iraq and Syria) and vary up to $ 30 million (for example, for the MQ-9 Reaper).

The average price of a UAV designed according to "military requirements" is 10-20 thousand dollars.

That is, for the price of one manned aircraft, hundreds of combat drones can be purchased. And when you take into account the cost of pilot training, survivability, ground infrastructure and other things, the cost of manned aircraft is even higher.

In addition to the relatively low cost and low costs of their operation, UAVs have a number of other advantages, including the ability to perform maneuvers with overloads exceeding the physical capabilities of a person, and the efficiency of use.

For example, the war in Afghanistan exposed a number of problems with the use of "classic" tactics of air strikes with cruise missiles. It took too long from the moment the intelligence was received until the target was hit. The combat situation had time to change, and the goal was to leave the affected area. UAVs loitering in the combat area were able to transmit intelligence in real time and immediately attack with air-to-surface missiles. In other words, they turned out to be a more effective means of delivering pinpoint strikes.

It is important to note that modern shock reconnaissance drones are able not only to scan a particular territory, but also to highlight and identify all objects and living beings on it.

So on January 3, 2020, an Iranian military leader, commander of the Al-Quds special unit, Qasem Soleimani, was destroyed by an AGM-114 "Hellfire" missile strike. The blow was inflicted on two cars, one of which was Suleimani.

The growing efficiency of drones is evidenced by the fact that all recent local military conflicts do not go without the use of drones. It is already impossible not to reckon with this.

There is no ultimate weapon


However, along with the advantages of UAVs, there are a number of disadvantages that must be paid attention to in order to further develop this type of weapon.

The main disadvantage of the UAV is the vulnerability of remote control systems - any signals received and sent by the aircraft can be jammed, intercepted and replaced. To control the UAV, secure high-bandwidth communication channels are required, which are difficult to organize, especially for over-the-horizon communication.

During the war in Karabakh, the Armenian side temporarily managed to limit the activity of enemy drones in the sky.

According to ex-head of the General Staff of the Armenian Armed Forces Hakobyan,

"The deployment of Pole 21 electronic warfare equipment in Karabakh made it possible to restrict the flights of enemy drones for four days."

Another example of UAV dependence on communication channels is the use of UAVs during the US campaign in Afghanistan.

So, of the eight vehicles available (six MQ-1 Predators and two RQ-4 Global Hawk), no more than two vehicles could be in the air at the same time. And to save the bandwidth of the satellite communication channel, the pilots were forced to turn off some sensors and use a low quality video stream.

In addition, in 2012, scientists from the University of Texas at Austin proved the practical possibility of hacking and intercepting control of a UAV by means of the so-called "GPS spoofing".

At the end of 2008, a laptop with an intercepted video from an unmanned aircraft was seized from a captured guerrilla in Iraq. For video interception, the SkyGrabber program of a Russian company was used.

In addition, despite all the advantages of the UAV, the disadvantage is the low payload of the device with a rather high cost of delivery compared to ground artillery systems.

For example, one 120-mm mortar 2B11 is capable of at a distance of up to seven kilometers in one minute to unleash the same weight of explosive on the enemy as a Bayraktar-type strike UAV. At a cost of orders of magnitude cheaper. And as for the area of ​​destruction (or the possibility of hitting dispersed or concealed targets), the comparison with artillery systems will be completely lost by drones.

Artillery benefits significantly from the low cost of destroying targets. So in conditions of economic feasibility, cheaper types of weapons will always remain.

A good tool in the right hands can do a lot


So why are UAVs so actively used in conflicts in recent decades?

First of all, because of the novelty of the tactics of using this type of weapon.

Thus, the Armenian air defense system, which had not been modernized for a number of years, turned out to be completely helpless in the fight against the massive use of UAVs and was completely disabled. And after the suppression of the air defense system, the ground group of the Armenian Armed Forces in Nagorno-Karabakh was destroyed.

As W. Churchill said,

"Generals are preparing for the last war."

Armenian troops were not ready for this new type of military action.

The neglect of camouflage means on the ground, the absence of serious engineering structures on the line of contact and the accumulation of forces allowed inflicting heavy losses on the Armenian side.

Secondly, this happened due to the lack of opposition to the attacked troops. As in Libya, and in Nagorno-Karabakh, UAVs were used against military equipment of past generations.

At the same time, a properly organized and layered air defense system is capable of neutralizing almost any swarm of enemy drones.

Historical An analogy is the high efficiency of the German Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber at the initial stages of the invasion and in the conditions of achieved air superiority. And also its low efficiency at the end of the war, when these aircraft began to suffer heavy losses due to the growing power of the British and Soviet air forces.

Thirdly, the low cost of using UAVs. The problem of fighting air defense against small UAVs is in the economic plane: how to destroy UAVs with anti-aircraft missiles with an acceptable ratio of "efficiency-cost".

UAVs, being a weapon of the poor, are capable of becoming a strategic tool for the weaker side of the conflict against a stronger adversary.

The future of drones


So what possible countermeasures will states' armed forces develop to counter the drone threat?

First. Development of complexes and programs for detecting, suppressing centers, as well as intercepting control of unmanned systems.

Second. Creation of effective mobile radar and electronic warfare stations for reliable detection of UAVs, as well as equipping units with them at the level of a company tactical group.

The third. Design of new and modernization of existing types of ammunition to destroy UAVs. At the tactical level, a brigade-battalion is used by "small missiles" against UAVs and long-range (about 40 km) missiles for short-range air defense systems.

At the tactical level, a company-platoon - equipping troops with weapons and ammunition for "short-range self-defense" (shells with remote detonation, large-caliber machine guns).

Development of fundamentally new types of weapons and ammunition - based on a pulsed flow of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (sources of directed radiation, converters of an explosive into an electromagnetic pulse).

Fourth. Combat training of troops (starting with research exercises) for real massive UAV raids.

Accordingly, the development of UAVs for parrying these calls may go in the following directions:

1. Combining UAVs into complexes, where each device performs its role under general guidance.

2. Integration of UAVs into robotic ground systems (UAVs perform the role of reconnaissance and fire adjustment, and ground systems - the role of control and target destruction).

3. Development of methods and algorithms of collective behavior (swarm tactics).

4. Creation of algorithms for independent behavior (artificial intelligence programs, where the system itself, after receiving a problem, autonomously chooses ways to solve it without external human control).

5. Protection of communication channels for control of unmanned systems (development of new methods of data transmission).

The era of highly mobile systems with artificial intelligence and included in a single network that can simultaneously control equipment and army units on the battlefield is coming.

And ignoring this fact can be costly in future conflicts.
Author:
Photos used:
https://shnyagi.net/439949-Armenija-nashla-ehffektivnyjj-sposob-borby-s.html
38 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 5 February 2021 18: 05
    +3
    Since the Vietnam War, where UAVs were first used, the scale of their use continued to grow.

    For the first time, UAVs were used in large numbers by the United States in 1944, against Japan. It was originally planned as a strike UAV, then retrained as a kamikaze.

    by order of the fleet, the Interstate TDR-1 was developed, capable of carrying a torpedo or a 2000-pound bomb. The first successful TDR-1 mission was the attack on the Japanese merchant ship "Yamazuki Maru" on July 30, 1944 - at that time, the ship had been aground for two years in the Solomon Islands, but was armed with anti-aircraft artillery. In total, 1942 such drones were produced from 1945 to 195.


  2. rocket757
    rocket757 5 February 2021 18: 27
    +3
    There is no ultimate weapon
    However, along with the advantages of UAVs, there are a number of disadvantages that must be paid attention to in order to further develop this type of weapon.

    The increase in the number of unmanned vehicles requires a sharp increase in the automation of the combat process!
    Good or creepy, that’s the question ???
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 5 February 2021 20: 04
      +6
      Quote: rocket757
      Is it good or weird, that's the question???

      Based on this, the idea that drones are supposedly capable of independently solving the tasks of an armed conflict gained popularity among a number of specialists.

      Sometime in the last century, one comrade colonel told with enthusiasm that command and control could be disrupted by the production of low-power air nuclear weapons. EMP will simply devalue all the achievements of the electronics industry.
      I am not sure that this specific weapon will not be used in large conflicts. Perhaps even over enemy territory. Perhaps over the location of our own troops, only in a different design.
      The fact that robotization has begun to win a place for itself in the tactics of combined arms combat is an obvious reality. I don't think that UAVs will dominate the air for long. Especially those whose dimensions are not capable of providing the performance of complex and capacious tasks.
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 5 February 2021 21: 08
        +5
        At the present time, everyone is intensively "targeting" Turkish UAVs and the "Turkish-Azerbaijani" experience of their use! But I think that the Israelis can be called the "pioneers" in the field of "strike" drones! Largely due to the use by the Israelis of UAVs in "shock form" against the Syrian air defense systems, it was possible to suppress the Syrian air defense in 1982 in Lebanon! Israel originally used adapted reconnaissance UAVs as "strikers" ...
      2. businessv
        businessv 5 February 2021 22: 12
        +4
        Quote: ROSS 42
        command and control can be disrupted by the production of low-power air nuclear weapons.

        Yes, it was repeatedly proposed to consider this as one of the most effective methods of struggle, but this always rested on the lack of selectivity of nuclear explosives, which made it possible to successfully forget about EMP in this performance. Recently I read another expert who argued that it is easier to neutralize a swarm of UAVs because of the use of inexpensive communication equipment on these UAVs, using one of the simplest jammers, you can deprive control devices. smile
      3. rocket757
        rocket757 6 February 2021 15: 22
        +1
        Filling the troops with electronics, and automating the control of the battle, is a natural process.
        BUT, completely removing a person, a commander, a professional from this process is fraught!
        1. Ross xnumx
          Ross xnumx 6 February 2021 15: 28
          0
          Quote: rocket757
          BUT, completely removing a person, a commander, a professional from this process is fraught!

          The third law of robotics? yes
          It amazes me how some hotheads are starting to ponder full autonomy for drones. Can you imagine? The drone is controlled by the AI ​​with the receipt of specific tasks ... A kind of program to destroy the representatives of the human race in connection with "necessity". Malfunctions in missile defense systems do not seem to teach anything. It is believed that AI will not be able to respond to the "death of the sender" ...
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 6 February 2021 15: 35
            0
            There was an old movie, "Robot Hunters" .... back then, they talked very carefully about very smart machines !!!
            And now, for some, AI will come and the times will come .... but WHAT times will come, you need to think very, very carefully about it.
            I just want to take some by the shkiryatnik, drag them away from the computer and go out on the STREET !!! Let them look, live in the REAL WORLD.
            1. Ross xnumx
              Ross xnumx 6 February 2021 15: 41
              -5
              Quote: rocket757
              Let them look, live in the REAL WORLD.

              Sometimes I ask myself such questions: “Where do these people live, that they come up with laws for us? Why should controversial issues be resolved only by killing a person by a person? "
              At one time I learned excerpts from the works of Russian classics. Some, apparently, had no time (or before ...?):
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 6 February 2021 16: 54
                0
                Man, humanity is infected with many vices!
                As time goes on, the person seems to change ... but the roots are deeper, all the same and all the same vices.
              2. ironic
                ironic 7 February 2021 19: 12
                0
                One guy engaged in the development of AI, in one of the disputes, gave me a short and succinct phrase, you want it, grit, to understand why something is happening, look where and where the loot flows under it. When someone steps on the hose to someone else, the swing begins.
      4. Plate
        Plate 11 February 2021 20: 22
        0
        Critical equipment can be equipped with protection against such phenomena, I think. Communication in conditions of active electronic suppression is also quite possible. In the end, communication within a swarm of drones can also be ensured by sound, if these EMPs completely squeeze us. I think the density and speed of flight of small apparatuses will quite allow it. And they will have such a collective mind. Albeit rather dumb.
    2. Plate
      Plate 11 February 2021 20: 41
      0
      The increase in the number of unmanned vehicles requires a sharp increase in the automation of the combat process!
      Good or creepy, that’s the question ???

      I think we shouldn't judge this from the position of "good or bad" (the word "dumb" gave me the idea that you are thinking in terms of an emotional attitude or something like that). Here it is necessary to evaluate from the position of "effective-ineffective".
      And, I am sure, in the end we will have to leave many functions at the mercy of software algorithms, and even neural networks or some kind of AI. Whether we like it or not. Look at the work of the active protection systems for tanks. The same ATGM Tow flies, according to Wikipedia, at a speed of 278-320 m / s, at a distance of up to 4,5 km. That is, we have a battle, the tank is actively moving, shooting ... And from somewhere from two kilometers, for example, a rocket is launched. After 6,25-7,2 seconds, it will hit the tank. Today, as far as I know, the KAZ is triggered automatically. And it doesn't bother anyone.
      I don't know about aviation, but I suspect that there is also a lot of automation there. And if, unexpectedly, a missile was fired at the helicopter from MANPADS, will there be enough time for the pilot to react? And in the heat of battle? And if there are several missiles? MANPADS, judging by the number of pieces produced, is a relatively cheap thing (and in one article, like on the VO, it was wisely noted that a modern army can create such a number of MANPADS on the battlefield, so that it was like mud).
      But from behind the hill a cruise missile jumped out, successfully circling the entire terrain and hiding from the air defense. Everything, in a few seconds, will destroy the object. In my opinion, there is only automation. Especially if the rocket has an additional solid propellant booster for the final rectilinear section of the trajectory.

      Well, however, it's all lyrics. I want to say something. Our battles are going faster and faster. I will take the liberty of suggesting that one day we will come to a situation where the human eye received information from the sensors about an approaching (conditionally) projectile. The brain did not have time to get information about this along the nerve, and the person has already been destroyed. The car's reaction speed is much higher. For this reason alone, we will have to automate the battle.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 12 February 2021 06: 00
        0
        It's dumb not that the war can / will be waged by machines, it's dumb that they can START it!
        1. Plate
          Plate 12 February 2021 18: 21
          0
          If a war that has no weighty economic and political grounds begins due to an error in some algorithm, then I think it will soon end. Unless, of course, this is a missile launch. Here, yes, you will not be able to turn off the road.
  3. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 5 February 2021 18: 43
    +6
    UAVs are a reality that has brazenly pinned itself on its inevitability.
    Reconnaissance and weapon carrier

    EVERYONE knew that they would be.
    And this is not a super weapon. It's just that a new combat object has appeared in the sky.
    We with them, ahem, delayed a little, that's right.

    The threat from the air has ALWAYS existed. Bombs, missiles, guided munitions, cluster weapons ...
    Why don't we remember?
    It's just that now the protection from "air" has become even more relevant.

    Maybe now they will at least do comprehensive countering air threats.
    And then the armor, as it was half-bald on top, remained. And this is just one element of protection.
    And then about the UAV, only one talk ...
    Straight fashion.
    ..........
    You need to prepare for the future weapon - controlled by a ROY of drones, acting as a whole.
    This will be MUCH more serious.
    And not only for the ground forces.
    1. Aleks tv
      Aleks tv 5 February 2021 20: 44
      +5
      ... You need to prepare for the future weapon - a controlled ROY of drones, acting as a whole.
      This will be MUCH more serious.
      And not only for ground forces

      I remembered one fantasy written here, on VO in 2014, when discussing the fleet ...
      It was about the nuclear submarine Antey:

      ... And if we cram small HEAT missiles into the head of the Granites? A nest of small but viciously biting wasps?
      If you ram them into each Granite in a hundred, then in the salvo we get 2400 little jolly Rogers (plus or minus of course).
      Any Aegis simply grunts with annoyance.
      The task of the biteers will be simple:
      - to shake the deck of an aircraft carrier,
      - decorate the planes with holes on the deck and disperse the blacks by holes.
      - Roughly serve the Ijes antennas on Burke.
      - Mock the covers of the rocket mines.
      - Aim Khan Mamai on the decks.

      And then ... the second Baton gives a salvo - already old and good Granites.
      A curtain.

      Total: Two 949A play the march of one AUG.


      SIX years have passed since it was written, and such a scenario is already ... Doesn't seem ridiculous.
      Just do not rush, pliz, with slippers - I'm not a fse after all.))
      .....
      AI-controlled UAV swarm
      Heh.
      This will flip A LOT in the database.
      Here it would be ... Keep up.
      wink
      1. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik 5 February 2021 20: 55
        +5


        Start at 3:50.


        Real tests:

        1. Intruder
          Intruder 5 February 2021 21: 44
          +1
          Start at 3:50.
          and here, already The End:
    2. syndicalist
      syndicalist 6 February 2021 08: 58
      0
      Quote: Aleks tv
      You need to prepare for the future weapon - a controlled ROY of drones, acting as a whole.

      The main thing in the future weapon is its complete autonomy and, as a consequence, insensitivity to electronic warfare means. Such drones will set their own combat missions, choose the tactics for their implementation and perform without human intervention.
  4. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 5 February 2021 18: 47
    +3
    The problem with such articles is that all the UAVs are mixed up in a heap.
    MALE, HALE, kamikaze drones, small reconnaissance drones, Loyal Wingman, orbital unmanned aircraft, 6th generation fighter, converted civilians - all these are UAVs.
    Each type has its own role and tactics. For the most part, they are not cheap and not for the poor. Although there is for them.
    The second big problem is the lack of understanding of the tasks and principles of electronic warfare, data transmission, information systems. Hence the myths about taking over control, jamming everything and everyone. On the other hand, it is easy and simple to create and control UAVs, each circle of "crazy hands" will rivet hundreds of them, and indeed they will kill everyone themselves.
  5. dog of war
    dog of war 5 February 2021 19: 09
    +7
    The drone is a new reality, as, in turn, the appearance of artillery led to the disappearance of castles, the appearance of machine guns led to the disappearance of cavalry, the appearance of tanks made combat operations mobile. Drones have made war much more mobile and faster. And when a swarm of AI-controlled drones appears, it will completely change all the old views on warfare, both on land and at sea. In my opinion, the main battles will take place not on the battlefield or even in the air, but in the bowels of computers. Professional hackers will become an important branch of the military.
    1. ironic
      ironic 7 February 2021 19: 24
      +1
      Already, there is a reassessment of the use of MBT, in particular thanks to the UAV.
    2. Plate
      Plate 11 February 2021 21: 00
      0
      I think hackers will only lead this in the end. We are promised AI. AIs already exist, self-learning neural networks ... I suppose they can be trained to hack enemy systems.
      And we will get a battlefield where computers control equipment, shoot at each other and simultaneously hack each other, suppress ...
  6. The eye of the crying
    The eye of the crying 5 February 2021 19: 10
    +2
    For example, one 120-mm mortar 2B11 is capable of at a range of up to seven kilometers in one minute to unleash the same weight of explosive on the enemy as a Bayraktar-type strike UAV.


    That's right - at a distance of 7 kilometers. What about, for example, anti-tank mortar ammunition?
  7. Gato
    Gato 5 February 2021 19: 18
    +2
    The events of armed conflicts in recent decades have given rise to the idea that UAVs are capable of independently achieving a decisive defeat of enemy troops.

    The events of armed conflicts during the 1st MV gave rise to the idea that bomber aviation could independently achieve a decisive defeat of enemy troops - see the Douai doctrine:
    And that airstrikes on the state and economic centers of the enemy can lead to victory.

    The author himself believed that in order to win the war within a month, the threat of dropping 300 tons of bombs on enemy cities would be enough. In practice, over the entire Second World War, the Allies dropped about 2,5 million tons of bombs on Germany, but without active action by ground troops, this would hardly have led to the surrender of the Nazi regime.
    I have never met the calculations of the required number of drone UAVs to "force peace" into the middle European state. How many will you need? Tens, hundreds, thousands, or tens of thousands? With the appropriate amount of ammunition, of course, and taking into account losses.
    1. Intruder
      Intruder 5 February 2021 21: 50
      +2
      to "compel to peace" the average European state. How many will you need?
      a couple of attacks on critical civil infrastructure, such as: nuclear power plants / hydroelectric power plants, or other facilities, such as refineries and fuels and lubricants ... for example, even in a modern metropolis, a lot of things can be found, plus transport systems (road network and railway tracks and other highways ), and even better, park areas, and places of mass gathering of people (schoolchildren and students), several raids and you can intimidate the people, until impeachment in the parliament of any European and not only average country ...
      1. Gato
        Gato 6 February 2021 01: 38
        +3
        Yes, you, colleague, an aspiring terrorist. laughing It is not at all necessary to use a UAV in order to inflict the outrages described by you. And the effect of a "couple of attacks" can be quite the opposite of what was expected. For example, a tonnage of bombs was dropped on Vietnam more than in all previous wars combined. AND?
        1. Intruder
          Intruder 6 February 2021 04: 02
          +1
          Yes, you, colleague, an aspiring terrorist.
          what, but not in life ... laughing , and not so publicly, why should people be so embarrassed (with formidable definitions ...), just an easy chaotic analysis of the possible application of this technology in modern times, the usual "flight of thought" fellow !!!
          For example, a tonnage of bombs was dropped on Vietnam more than in all previous wars combined. AND?
          but here a lot already depends on the society and the period of time, as in that story !? Well, it didn't work out then, but why can't it be successfully implemented at the present time, and in other societies with their own unique way of life and the same problems with reactions to them !? request
        2. Jacket in stock
          Jacket in stock 6 February 2021 06: 31
          0
          Quote: Gato
          For example, a tonnage of bombs was dropped on Vietnam more than in all previous wars combined. AND?

          How can you bomb a country that is already almost there in the Stone Age?
          Again, most of those thousands of bombs simply dug holes in fields and jungle.
          But if each is exactly on target?
          And not only for buildings and structures, but also for mobile ones - columns on the march, separate cars with commanders inside, just groups of fighters.
    2. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 6 February 2021 06: 24
      +1
      Quote: Gato
      I have never met the calculations of the required number of drone UAVs to "force peace" into the middle European state.

      Here at VO last year, a certain author counted that for such a very non-average country Russia, 5 (five !!!) bombs, however nuclear, are enough to damage the infrastructure with very critical consequences.
  8. Shahno
    Shahno 5 February 2021 19: 23
    +1
    Quote: Gato
    The events of armed conflicts in recent decades have given rise to the idea that UAVs are capable of independently achieving a decisive defeat of enemy troops.

    The events of armed conflicts during the 1st MV gave rise to the idea that bomber aviation could independently achieve a decisive defeat of enemy troops - see the Douai doctrine:
    And that airstrikes on the state and economic centers of the enemy can lead to victory.

    The author himself believed that in order to win the war within a month, the threat of dropping 300 tons of bombs on enemy cities would be enough. In practice, over the entire Second World War, the Allies dropped about 2,5 million tons of bombs on Germany, but without active action by ground troops, this would hardly have led to the surrender of the Nazi regime.
    I have never met the calculations of the required number of drone UAVs to "force peace" into the middle European state. How many will you need? Tens, hundreds, thousands, or tens of thousands? With the appropriate amount of ammunition, of course, and taking into account losses.

    There are calculations. Yes, and there were ... But as if not for a major enemy who can resist for two years.
  9. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 6 February 2021 06: 18
    0
    What is a UAV?
    Radio controlled airplane / helicopter? - undoubtedly.
    A loitering kammikaze munition? - also yes. This is the same saiolpt, only disposable. Although there are reusable ones.
    A classic cruise missile? - it seems not, but if you look closely, then yes. How is it different from kammikaze? Moreover, some have already implemented the loitering mode.
    Mortar / Howitzer Shell? - well, no, it seems. And if there is a GOS on it and he is also planning? In fact, it turns out the same cruise missile, only without an engine.

    So it turns out that no matter what flies from above, you need to have protection for all cases.
  10. Shahno
    Shahno 6 February 2021 21: 55
    0
    These are the thoughts of the author ... Or he used some materials other than photos sad
    1. Taras1412
      7 February 2021 01: 38
      +1
      Section "The Future of UAVs" - thoughts, the rest analysis from various sources.
  11. arhitroll
    arhitroll 7 February 2021 10: 20
    0
    Quote: dog of war
    The drone is a new reality, as, in turn, the appearance of artillery led to the disappearance of castles, the appearance of machine guns led to the disappearance of cavalry, the appearance of tanks made combat operations mobile. Drones have made war much more mobile and faster. And when a swarm of AI-controlled drones appears, it will completely change all the old views on warfare, both on land and at sea. In my opinion, the main battles will take place not on the battlefield or even in the air, but in the bowels of computers. Professional hackers will become an important branch of the military.

    I would add - a program of interaction between units in battle - would hear our ...
  12. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 8 February 2021 12: 33
    +1
    So why are UAVs so actively used in conflicts in recent decades?

    First of all, because of the novelty of the tactics of using this type of weapon.
    That's what yes, then yes! What is a modern UAV? This is a light, slow, little maneuverable object that can be knocked down with a slipper, again with light rockets. Their use turned out to be so devastating because it is not customary in the armies of the world to prepare for modern war.
    I'm not talking about the war of the future! Generals in armies do not become non-standard-minded people who know how to look into the future, the selection criteria for commanding personnel do not allow this. Therefore, of course, when thousands, and when millions of deaths are provided in case of using a new type of weapon. As always, the soldiers will pay with their lives for the inert generals.
    In general, the armies of the world do not have any "slippers" today. Nobody ordered. Generals love it when their soldiers are killed by the thousands ... Alterations of existing air defense systems are simply ridiculous - any available missile in an air defense system costs as much as ten UAVs, or even a hundred vehicles, and it is still poorly guided. An attack on the UAV's communication line is also ineffective, especially in the case of a massive attack, and not a hunt for single scouts. The UAV must be shot down.
    It's too late to remember that UAVs should have been paid attention 15 years ago (and the generals who were in charge of the weapons systems then, it would have been good to imprison them with confiscation for many years. ), and it was necessary to develop effective countermeasures then, and not to clutch at empty heads now. Complexes should be made specifically for hunting modern UAVs. And understand - they will change soon. So NOW we need to work on countering the UAVs of the future.
    The evolution of the UAV will go in two ways.
    1. High-speed, maneuverable, that is, much more maneuverable than any fighter can now, armored vehicles of sizes comparable to a combat aircraft.
    2. Swarms coordinated for a single task, consisting of small kamikaze machines, with a small cumulative or other charge. Such a swarm will carry out the task, even losing 95% of its population, and in the swarm there may be thousands of machines, light, cheap, suitable for the target from all directions and very dangerous. As a subspecies of this direction, they are transparent in almost all ranges, tiny scouts.
    Time to get busy! Right now! Tomorrow will be late, how late it was yesterday and today!
  13. SovAr238A
    SovAr238A 8 February 2021 17: 07
    +1
    Laughed tangibly ...

    Especially from this:
    At the end of 2008, a laptop with an intercepted video from an unmanned aircraft was seized from a captured guerrilla in Iraq. For video interception, the SkyGrabber program of a Russian company was used.


    If the author does not know what the "SkyGrabber" program is, then I, as a user of the satellite Internet, will say this.
    In the old days, the Internet was slow and it was problematic to download information.
    We were engaged in "fishing".
    This program only works one way.
    "From the satellite" ...
    and only so.
    And the video from the drone goes "To the satellite" ...
    And to intercept this very video with this program is unrealistic from the word "in any way" ...

    In addition, in 2012, scientists from the University of Texas at Austin proved the practical possibility of hacking and intercepting control of a UAV by means of the so-called "GPS spoofing".


    GPS spoofing only replaces positioning data. Moreover, this is a very small-radius action. You can reject the carrier, if you try very hard, you can even take it far.
    But you can't take control of the carrier!