Military Review

The advantages and potential of "Petr Morgunov"

45

On December 23, last year, the navy received a new large landing ship "Pyotr Morgunov", the second built on pr. 11711. In January, the ship made a transition to the duty station as part of the Northern fleet... Now the crew of the large landing craft is preparing to participate in maneuvers and other activities in accordance with the plans for combat and operational training. It is expected that the appearance of a new landing ship will have a noticeable impact on the combat capabilities of the Northern Fleet and the Navy as a whole. Consider the new ship, its capabilities and potential within the fleet.


Technical features


The new large landing craft "Petr Morgunov" was built according to project 11711 developed by the Nevsky Design Bureau. It became the second ship of this type (earlier the Navy took over the lead "Ivan Gren") and the last one built according to the original version of the project. Construction has been carried out by the Yantar plant in Kaliningrad since 2015. The launch took place in May 2018, and tests started at the end of 2019.

The ship has a standard displacement of 5 thousand tons and a total displacement of 6,6 thousand tons. The greatest length reaches 135 m with a width of 16,5 m and a side height of 11 m. The largest draft is 3,8 m. The ship's hull is distinguished by a special bow shape, which is necessary to accommodate the landing ramp. The recognizable silhouette of the BDK is formed by two superstructures, between which there is a large hatch for access to the internal volumes of the hull.

Inside the building is located the so-called. tank deck that takes up almost the entire length of the hull. Access to it is provided through the bow ramp, through the aft hatch, or through the upper loading hatch. In the latter case, a 16 ton crane is used. Also on the ship, there are cockpits for the deployment of troops.

The main power plant of "Petr Morgunov" includes a pair of 10D49 diesel engines with a capacity of 5200 hp each. Two diesel-reverse-gear units DRRA-6000 provide a drive for two propellers. A thruster is placed in the bow of the hull.


Full speed is declared at 18 knots, economic speed - 16. The maximum cruising range reaches 4 thousand nautical miles. The hull lines allow sailing in the distant sea and ocean zones. In addition, the bow is designed taking into account the need for landing troops ashore.

For self-defense and support of the landing, three artillery mounts are provided. These are two AK-630M products with a six-barreled machine gun and one AK-630M-2 with a twin unit.

The main task


BDK pr. 11711 are intended for transportation and disembarkation of a reinforced marine battalion with standard weapons and equipment. The landing can be carried out at a distance from the coast or directly ashore. When disembarking on an unequipped coast, pontoons can also be used, also transported by an amphibious assault ship.

Inside the ship's hull there are two large-area cockpits to accommodate 300 paratroopers. All the necessary conditions have been created for a long stay at sea. In particular, the Marines have a canteen and a gym at their disposal.

The tank deck is intended to accommodate equipment and other cargo. It can carry up to 13 heavy vehicles, such as main tanks or other vehicles with similar parameters. It is also possible to transport 20 units. medium-sized vehicles or up to 30 trucks. Disembarkation is carried out on its own through the bow ramp, to the shore or to the pontoon.


Also, two Ka-29 helicopters are based on the BDK. A take-off platform is provided for their work at the stern. In front of it, in the rear superstructure, there is a hangar.

Potential and benefits


Project 11711 is another variant of the implementation of the domestic concept of a large landing ship, based on modern technologies and developments. The project was based on the experience of development, construction and operation of previous large landing ships, which led to a certain technical and tactical similarity.

"Petr Morgunov", like its predecessors of various projects, is capable of taking on board a large number of soldiers and equipment, delivering them to a given area and providing landing directly to the shore. At the same time, Project 11711 provides for some new capabilities that have a positive effect on the results of the landing operation.

First of all, the advantages over their predecessors are provided by the novelty of the design, components and assemblies, created on the basis of modern technologies using the accumulated experience. With similar or better tactical and technical characteristics, greater efficiency is provided, the working conditions of the crew are improved, etc.

On the BDK pr. 11711, new amphibious landing vehicles are used, due to which the requirements for a section of the coast for landing are reduced. This simplifies to a certain extent the planning and conduct of amphibious operations.


The amphibious capabilities of the ship have also been improved by upgrading the cockpits and tank deck. First of all, it should be noted that the conditions for 300 paratroopers have improved. Such comfort while sailing to the landing zone will improve the morale and increase the efficiency of the landing force's combat work.

"Petr Morgunov" is capable of transporting a variety of military and auxiliary equipment, as well as various cargo. The vehicles can take up space on the tank deck on their own, and there is a standard crane for other loads. Such technical innovations simplify the operation of the BDK as an element of logistics. This is especially important given the experience of recent years - landing ships are used not only for landing marines, but also as transport.

Objective difficulties


It should be noted that Project 11711 has a number of specific features that limit the value of such ships. Some of them can even be considered disadvantages. However, all these nuances are taken into account when developing new landing ships, incl. improved version of pr. 11711.

The very concept of a large landing ship remains controversial. It is opposed to a universal amphibious assault ship, which has more capabilities. Due to the different composition of the landing craft, the UDC is able to land troops at a distance from the coast, without entering the zone of destruction of the coastal defense. In addition, modern UDC has aviation a group of attack helicopters to support the landing.

The composition of the weapons of the large landing craft "Petr Morgunov" also becomes a serious reason for criticism. It has only small-caliber artillery for self-defense against air, surface or coastal targets. Because of this, the ship needs to be accompanied by other combat units of the fleet and aviation.


It should be noted that all these problems are well known to the fleet and shipbuilders - and measures are being taken. In April 2019, the laying of two new large landing ships, being built on the updated project 11711, took place. Without changing the project number, the hull, superstructure, weapons and aviation group were redesigned. The second pair of BDK pr. 11711 will have a displacement of up to 8 thousand tons, an increased payload, as well as a number of new options for landing and support of the assault force.

Newest and progressive


The new large landing craft "Petr Morgunov", like the one-type "Ivan Gren", is a rather successful modern ship. It has its own advantages and disadvantages, and in general it meets the requirements of the Russian Navy. Two new large landing ships of the same project will serve in the Northern Fleet and contribute to the country's security.

However, despite the positive features of the two existing ships, construction on the original project 11711 will not continue. The two new large landing ships will receive an updated look with a number of important changes. This suggests that in recent years, the requirements for landing ships have changed, and in the future the fleet will need pennants of a different look. In addition, the construction of the first domestic universal amphibious ships has begun.

Two BDK modernized project 11711 and the first UDC pr. 23900 will enter the fleet no earlier than the middle of this decade. Thus, over the next few years, the newest and most modern models in the Russian amphibious forces will be two large landing craft pr. 11711 - "Ivan Gren" and "Petr Morgunov". In general, they correspond to the title of the newest and most progressive ships, but in a few years this place will be taken by new combat units with higher characteristics and wide capabilities.
Author:
Photos used:
United Shipbuilding Corporation
45 comments
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  1. pmkemcity
    pmkemcity 3 February 2021 05: 06
    +11
    Why compare "incomparable"? 6 thousand and 40 thousand tons? We need both those and those.
    1. Civil
      Civil 3 February 2021 08: 25
      +12
      The series with the zoo of landing ships continues ... well, not like one episode
      1. Vladimir1155
        Vladimir1155 3 February 2021 10: 40
        -8
        this is sawing the dough for us designing and all sorts of R&D senseless, in the logic of the parquet admiral = the manager of the BDK is more important than the nuclear submarine, he will not be going to fight anyway (as soon as there is no war of minesweepers, the entire navy turns into the first Pacific squadron that never leaves) and transport the clothes to the BDK UDC is more convenient.
        1. clerk
          clerk 3 February 2021 13: 52
          0
          At 12 it's always easier to fight a toy machine gun than an adult with a real one.
          1. yehat2
            yehat2 29 March 2021 16: 53
            0
            you can joke, but you cannot make the traces of many murky processes that accompanied the construction of these ships disappear.
            1. clerk
              clerk 29 March 2021 17: 56
              0
              ... you can joke, but you cannot make the traces of many murky processes that accompanied the construction of these ships disappear.
              If the ships are needed by the fleet, the ships are in service, the quality of construction is acceptable, the combat readiness of the systems is normal, the price is acceptable, then what kind of "muddy processes" are we talking about? The war of ambition doesn't interest me.
    2. ProkletyiPirat
      ProkletyiPirat 3 February 2021 13: 40
      -4
      Quote: pmkemcity
      Why compare "incomparable"? 6 thousand and 40 thousand tons? We need both those and those.

      Where is the money zine? We need ships, including landing ships, but there should be a lot of them, there should be an opportunity to build even more in wartime, and most importantly, it should be military-profitable. Is this possible with 11711? in my opinion no, and therefore 11711 will not give a military advantage to the Russian Federation, therefore what for is it needed?
      1. pmkemcity
        pmkemcity 3 February 2021 13: 43
        +4
        Quote: ProkletyiPirat
        it should be possible to build even more in wartime

        We will not build anything in wartime. The Great Patriotic War is an example to you.
        1. ProkletyiPirat
          ProkletyiPirat 3 February 2021 13: 51
          +1
          Quote: pmkemcity
          Quote: ProkletyiPirat
          it should be possible to build even more in wartime

          We will not build anything in wartime. The Great Patriotic War is an example to you.

          And before it there were still a bunch of wars, which can also be cited as an example, and to declare the uselessness of the fleet, ONLY THIS IS NOT SO, in the same WWII our state was forced to lose a lot of soldiers, resources, and geopolitical concessions due to that we did not have a civilian navy capable of providing supplies of resources during the war. Yes, even if we take a purely combat fleet and modern technologies, we still need at least submarines and ships to supply them at sea, if not for attacking a direct enemy, then at least for non-adherence to "third parties".
          1. Vladimir1155
            Vladimir1155 3 February 2021 16: 20
            +4
            Quote: ProkletyiPirat
            in the same World War II, our state was forced to lose a lot of soldiers, resources, and geopolitical concessions due to the fact that we did not have a civilian fleet capable of providing supplies of resources during the war. Yes, even if we take a purely combat fleet and modern technologies, we still need at least submarines

            rather, senselessly spent on a fleet that turned out to be incapable of fighting ruined the lives of soldiers on land, for all this money = this is not built aircraft, tanks, and so on. Moreover, this was already three times in the RYA WWII WWII ... and every time in this place ... they will build monsters, but they cannot go to sea, only destroyers submarines fought, sea hunters (IPC) minesweepers destroyers (then destroyers were like MRK) ... By the way, the Stalinist fleet was more effective than the tsarist one, they did not build large ships at all, only part of the tsarist ones was saved, although as it turned out they kept them in vain ... now the fleet is an application for ensuring security around nuclear submarine bases, but for some reason it is smeared across the seas senselessly and mercilessly.
            1. Time traveller
              Time traveller 13 February 2021 17: 39
              -1
              In the Trebizond operation of 1916, the Black Sea Fleet showed itself excellently. Including during the transfer of reinforcements, the landing of troops, etc.
              Lawrence of Arabia came to Russia from England to get acquainted with the experience.
              The Stalinist fleet built large ships, but not completed.
      2. clerk
        clerk 3 February 2021 13: 48
        +7
        My friend, ships (and indeed weapons in general) are created not for the mythical "military advantage", but for the performance of combat missions.
      3. Romeo
        Romeo 3 February 2021 18: 54
        +5
        Do you really think that ships will be built during wartime?
  2. svp67
    svp67 3 February 2021 05: 08
    +9
    In January, the ship made the transition to a duty station in the Northern Fleet.


    The second pair of BDK pr. 11711 will have a displacement of up to 8 thousand tons, an increased payload, as well as a number of new options for landing and support of the assault force.
    Something is already said that they have already grown out of 8000 and all are gaining weight ...
  3. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 3 February 2021 05: 25
    +19
    BDK pr. 11711 are intended for the transport and disembarkation of a reinforced marine battalion with standard weapons and equipment
    Again nonsense about the reinforced battalion! Maximum of two companies!
    1. Runway
      Runway 3 February 2021 05: 48
      +11
      Definitely, "tales from the crypt." Pull the baht into the seas - two BDK 1171.
      A large steamer will have a large torpedo (subjectively, landing steamers must be cooked for a reinforced company - combat stability will be higher, as well as efficiency).
  4. Zug
    Zug 3 February 2021 07: 13
    +2
    Who are we going to land? Is it possible that a second Kerchin landing is planned?
    1. Fotoceva62
      Fotoceva62 3 February 2021 10: 31
      -1
      Zug (Zug)
      "Whom will we plant"
      Maybe no one, or maybe we will fool around in the straits ... There should be deant ships! BD A working horse of the fleet, and a universal one. Yes, and as a replacement for the old men 1171 are needed, the replacement of "cabbage carriers" has long been ripe. In general, the ship is universal up to the minelay.
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 3 February 2021 12: 38
      -6
      second Odessa soon - straight from Severomorsk will go with a battalion and print bulletins every day:
      "on the xx day, landing at the UU berth in the port of Odessa is scheduled. AI days left before the arrival of" Petr Morgunov "
  5. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 3 February 2021 07: 55
    +7
    In addition, the construction of the first domestic universal amphibious ships has begun.

    From here I would like to learn more.
    Otherwise, the article can be characterized by two phrases - "Yes, they are good, but bad." and ... "Yes, we will build more the same, but not like that." smile
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 4 February 2021 18: 12
      +3
      The very concept of an almost unarmed, capable of acting only as part of a protective order, a special construction of a ship, for transporting only 300 troops (albeit with equipment) is flawed. The same task can be performed by a universal civil transport-ferry, such as "fairy" as part of a protection order, but much cheaper.
      1. Al_lexx
        Al_lexx 4 February 2021 20: 46
        +1
        From time to time, I read here comments to my comments and positively do not understand who is talking to whom.
        Who are you talking to here? If with me, what did you want to tell me and why me? Are you writing just to write something, hoping to raise your rating, or are you really looking for an interlocutor on the merits? In any case, in your post, for me the useful information is zero point, zero tenths. All that you wrote here is known and understandable even to a stupid thorny forest animal.
        No offense. Simply, it gets boring to read the obvious nothing.
  6. Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 3 February 2021 10: 33
    -4
    In general, not a bad ship, landing ships are designed to support land operations near the actions of the land army, therefore the most effective paratroopers are small and medium, Serna Dugong. Now in the fleet there are more landing ships than combat ships of the first second rank (that is, there is generally nothing to accompany them). they are not really needed for the defense of the country, they are used instead of dry cargo ships in peacetime. Moreover, the decommissioning of the Polish large landing craft is not very soon. Well, the idea of ​​an udk and an increased BDK is just a mistake = a crime (cutting the dough), a big goal with incomprehensible tasks. Apparently we are a colony and are obliged to provide the world behind-the-scenes cannon fodder free of charge for this and we are building a submarine instead of nuclear submarines or aircraft, minesweepers, frigates necessary for defense and which are not enough.
  7. Luty
    Luty 3 February 2021 10: 50
    +3
    The ship seems to be not bad. But? For expeditionary purposes it is too small. For direct landings, nothing better than the KFOR of the project 770-771-773 has not been invented by the criterion of cost-efficiency. By the way, Severnoye PKB has long developed a KFOR project in dimensions of about 1000 tons .. So the fleet received an improved version of 1171 with the comfort of 775. But the main thing is the process has started and it pleases.
  8. exo
    exo 3 February 2021 11: 09
    +15
    For self-defense and support of the landing, three artillery mounts are provided. These are two AK-630M products with a six-barreled machine gun and one AK-630M-2 with a twin unit.

    I wonder how the author himself imagines the support of the landing, by these means?
  9. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 3 February 2021 11: 59
    +13
    The composition of the weapons of the large landing craft "Petr Morgunov" also becomes a serious reason for criticism. It has only small-caliber artillery for self-defense against air, surface or coastal targets. Because of this, the ship needs to be accompanied by other combat units of the fleet and aviation.

    If you build a landing ship that will not need accompanied by other combat units of the fleet and aviation, then it will be something the size of 1143, carrying one company of landing. smile
    The landing ship must first of all carry and land the troops. And not to hunt for submarines and shoot down planes / URO.
    1. DrEng527
      DrEng527 3 February 2021 13: 27
      +5
      Quote: Alexey RA
      And not to hunt for submarines and shoot down planes / URO.

      something like Pantsir-M is quite possible to place - to protect against anti-ship missiles or gliding bombs ...
      1. Cympak
        Cympak 3 February 2021 20: 50
        +1
        According to the initial project, there should have been installed:
        AU-100 mm
        2 PU Grad-M 2x40x122 mm
        2 ZAK "Broadsword"
        Which is more balanced with point-blank landings.
        Although, for this method, medium and small amphibious ships are better suited, and large ones should land troops in a horizontal way.
    2. moody
      moody 22 June 2021 22: 29
      0
      The landing ship must first of all carry and land the troops. And not to hunt for submarines and shoot down planes / URO.


      If the ship is military, then probably should have minimal means of self-defense so as not to lower the flag in front of a boat or a helicopter with a large-caliber machine gun. And for the landing party, a lushka (not a 30 mm machine gun) or rszo will also not be superfluous. As noted below:

      According to the initial project, there should have been installed:
      AU-100 mm
      2 PU Grad-M 2x40x122 mm
      2 ZAK "Broadsword"


      It is quite adequate, only to change the Broadsword to the Palm.
  10. A_Lex
    A_Lex 3 February 2021 12: 00
    +13
    The new large landing craft "Petr Morgunov", like the one-type "Ivan Gren", is a rather successful modern ship.
    In general, they correspond to the title of the newest and most progressive ships.


    Conclusions about "successful" and "most progressive" are they generally based on? Morgunov is an analogue of Gren, and Gren, after being accepted into the fleet, never entered combat service, which in itself is more than an eloquent indicator. At the same time, Gren was rebuilt several times, since the command itself did not know what it wanted. Have you often come across examples of "successful and most progressive ships" whose design undergoes significant changes during the construction process?

    Articles of this kind resemble reviews on the network: the camera is average, the battery lasts no more than a day, that is not, it is not, but in general the device is worthy !!! Happy as an elephant!
  11. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 3 February 2021 12: 28
    +2
    Korabl koncepcii 70tikh let, moralno ustarevshiy.
    Ogranichego godniy dla Arktiki.
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 3 February 2021 12: 41
      0
      pick up the Marines and to Havana ... that's their business ........................................ ......................... or Glasgow?
  12. Starshina
    Starshina 3 February 2021 21: 03
    +5
    The author urgently needs to return to school and learn how to correctly formulate and compose the text when writing an essay !!! In general, the article is absolutely "empty" --- does not contain any information !!!
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 4 February 2021 20: 11
    +1
    "Two BDK modernized project 11711 and the first UDC pr. 23900 will enter the fleet no earlier than the middle of this decade."
    UDC, as I understand it, mean Kerch.
    Mid-decade ... Depressing, of course. Such a prospect for the supply of SZ. Although, more likely yes than no. If you face the truth.
    I would like something bright and kind. And here one-longing is already visible ... recourse
  15. Shkiper
    Shkiper 11 February 2021 16: 29
    +2
    Gentlemen are officers and not officers! Share, how do you currently imagine conducting a full-scale amphibious operation in modern conditions? Correctly someone here said, we have no minesweepers, from the word at all. Where are you going?
    1. Time traveller
      Time traveller 13 February 2021 17: 56
      -1
      Quote: Shkiper
      Gentlemen are officers and not officers! Share, how do you currently imagine conducting a full-scale amphibious operation in modern conditions? Correctly someone here said, we have no minesweepers, from the word at all. Where are you going?

      And why did anyone decide that modern amphibious operations are being carried out or will be carried out on areas of the coast protected by mines?
      Why is it impossible to land, or even just create a threat, where it is not expected? The coastline, for example, the United States is oh so long. :)
      1. Vladimir1155
        Vladimir1155 13 February 2021 23: 00
        0
        Quote: The Time Traveler
        The region's line, for example, the United States is so long. :)

        don't tell my slippers! it will be sunk at the exit and Severomorsk, which USA?
        1. Time traveller
          Time traveller 14 February 2021 16: 51
          -1
          Quote: vladimir1155
          Quote: The Time Traveler
          The region's line, for example, the United States is so long. :)

          don't tell my slippers! it will be sunk at the exit and Severomorsk, which USA?

          And imagine that a civil war began in America and their armed forces fell apart, unable to track the movement of our ships.
          Or we suppressed their means of attack with our newest electronic warfare systems (which we may have in the future).
          Or we launched a disarming preemptive strike against the United States (as they recently planned to do with us).
          With such options, there will be no one to drown us.
          1. Vladimir1155
            Vladimir1155 14 February 2021 20: 32
            0
            Quote: The Time Traveler
            Imagine a civil war in America

            no harm in dreaming
            1. Vladimir1155
              Vladimir1155 14 February 2021 21: 12
              0
              but it is harmful to take dreams for realities and spend real money on it
            2. Time traveller
              Time traveller 18 February 2021 23: 53
              0
              In light of recent events, it is a very realistic option for which one must be prepared.
      2. Shkiper
        Shkiper 11 May 2021 15: 06
        0
        Dmitry, I have a question, are you at least not much of a military man? Do you know why a bridge was built in Crimea, but there is no desire to go to Sakhalin? Now study the material, and then you yourself will smile at your dictum about the length of the US coastline.
  16. Time traveller
    Time traveller 18 February 2021 23: 55
    -1
    Quote: vladimir1155
    but it is harmful to take dreams for realities and spend real money on it

    "We were born to make a fairy tale come true" (c)
    If reality is not formed by us, then our opponents are doing it.
  17. Escobar
    Escobar 9 March 2021 18: 57
    0
    At the moment, the largest aircraft carrier built in post-Russia for our fleet, 6000 thousand tons of displacement and two helicopters
  18. yehat2
    yehat2 19 March 2021 10: 48
    0
    In any case, the UDC must be accompanied.
    it is wrong if a ship full of troops enters the battle.
    As for the UDC, we need a whole R&D package to provide the UDC with adequate means.
    what we have now are very old projects.
    without this work, I see no point in building a UDC at all.