Military Review

How a German baron became the "god of war" and ruler of Mongolia

42
How a German baron became the "god of war" and ruler of Mongolia
Painting by D. Shmarin "Baron Ungern - For Faith, Tsar and Fatherland"


100 years ago, the Asian Division under the command of Baron von Ungern defeated the Chinese and took Urga, the capital of Mongolia, by storm. The independence of Outer Mongolia, which was previously occupied by Chinese troops, was restored.

Lieutenant General of the White Army Roman Fedorovich von Ungern-Sternberg became the de facto ruler of Mongolia for some time. A unique personality, the "god of war" who dreamed of restoring the empire of Genghis Khan and starting a campaign to the "last sea" to cleanse the West from revolutionaries. The "yellow" culture and faith were supposed to lead to the renewal of the Old World.

Origin


Descended from the old Ostsee (Baltic Germanic) noble family, which had Hungarian and Slavic roots. The word "Ungern" means "Hungarian".

As the baron himself recalled, his ancestors fought in all major medieval battles, participated in the crusades. In the Baltic, the von Ungern barons appeared as part of the Teutonic Order, owned castles on the lands of present-day Latvia and Estonia. The Ungernov family settled in Prussia and Sweden, entered the upper strata of society.

After the Baltic region became part of Russia, the barons Ungerns became part of the Russian aristocracy. They did not hold large posts in the Russian Empire, they preferred the Baltic states and local seats. But some of the barons served in the army and the diplomatic corps.

So, one of the ancestors of Roman Fedorovich - Karl Karlovich Ungern-Sterberg fought as part of the Russian army during the Seven Years War, was the adjutant general of Emperor Peter III. Barons Ungerna fought "for Faith, Tsar and Fatherland" in almost all the wars that Russia waged. Several barons served in the White Army during the Civil War.

Until the 1917 revolution, old-fashioned knightly values ​​- duty, honor, loyalty to the suzerain (monarch) - ruled in the Eastsee environment of the nobles (descendants of Swedish and German knights). These were monarchists loyal to the house of the Romanovs.

The Ostsee officers were distinguished by some coldness, restraint, good manners, high discipline, diligence and professionalism in their work. The German-Swedish noble families were well Russified, many adopted Orthodoxy, and were a real stronghold of the Russian Empire.

It was in such an environment that Roman Fedorovich was brought up. Interestingly, he himself greatly appreciated the sovereign Paul I, who was a real "knight on the throne" and tried to revive discipline and order in the empire.

Roman's parents (Theodore-Leonhard and Sophia-Charlotte) traveled a lot, he was born on December 29, 1885 in Austria. In 1886 they returned to Russia and settled in Reval. My father served in the Department of Agriculture. The full name of the "black baron" is Nikolai-Robert-Maximilian.

The Baron will later discard the last two names. And he will replace the first of them with a more similar sounding - Roman. The new name was associated with the surname of the ruling house of Russia and with the harsh firmness of the ancient Romans. On his father's side, he became Roman Fedorovich. In general, the Russification of names was quite traditional for the Eastsee Germans.

He studied at the Revel Nikolaev gymnasium. Despite his natural talent, he left the gymnasium due to poor diligence and behavior. Roman's talent was noted by many people close to him and contemporaries. He knew several languages ​​well, philosophy. He studied at a private boarding school. I read a lot, "binge". He was fond of philosophy - medieval and modern (including Marx and Plekhanov). Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov.

Family troubles also left an imprint on the hobbies of the young harrow. The parents divorced, the mother ceased to be interested in her son. This became a prerequisite for his self-absorption, philosophical immersion.

In 1903 he was enrolled in the Naval Cadet Corps. He studied unevenly, behaved willfully. However, all discipline violations (for example, smoking, being late for classes, etc.) were commonplace for future "sea wolves". In February 1905

"Taken into the care of parents" (expelled).

Cossack


At this time, Russia was at war with Japan.

Roman joined the Dvinsky Infantry Regiment as a volunteer, but this regiment was not intended to be sent to the front. The baron asked to go to the front line, he was transferred to the 12th Velikolutsk regiment.

By the time Ungern arrived at the front, there had been no active hostilities. Was awarded the medal "In Memory of the Russian-Japanese War." A light bronze medal was awarded to the military who took part in the hostilities. Obviously, Roman was a participant in intelligence and patrol operations.

In November 1905 he was promoted to corporal, in 1906 he was enrolled in the Pavlovsk military school. During this period, the young baron received a patron, General Pavel von Rennenkampf, who became famous in the Chinese campaign in 1900. He was a distant relative of the Ungern family.

In 1908 he graduated from college and ended up in the 1st Argun Regiment of the Trans-Baikal Cossack Army, which was under the command of General Rennenkampf. Roman Ungern had previously expressed a desire to get into the cavalry. Received the rank of cornet.

According to the recollections of colleagues, at first the equestrian training of the baron had shortcomings. The commander of his hundreds was a Siberian Cossack, centurion Procopius Ogloblin. Experienced warrior and equestrian. Future Major General of the White Army and Ataman of the Irkutsk Cossack Army. Thanks to him, Unger quickly mastered riding and felling, and became one of the best horsemen in the regiment (he had previously been distinguished by a propensity for physical exercise).

The Argun regiment was based in Tsurukhai, on the Mongol border. There was no city entertainment here, so Roman became addicted to hunting (became an expert on hunting foxes) and drinking. It was noted that a young man, well-mannered, usually modest and quiet, withdrawn and proud, under the influence of alcohol became a different person - violent and irascible. At the same time, his educational, cultural level was much higher than the people around him.

Later, Ungern himself admitted that he drank.

"To delirium tremens."

The baron's rampages were legendary.

Later, towards the end of his life, he became a complete teetotaler. Drunken and drug addicts categorically could not stand. He put drunk soldiers and officers on ice and drove them into cold water until they were completely sober. He ordered to beat with bamboo sticks. On his orders, commanders without overcoats sent those who were caught drinking alcohol into the desert for the whole night. True, they were allowed to light a fire.

In the conditions of the Civil War, when victory required the complete mobilization of all spiritual, intellectual and physical forces, Roman Ungern became an ascetic, a moralist. Interestingly, he found more idealists among the Bolsheviks than among the White Guards.

Abstaining from alcohol in the midst of turmoil and a general decline in morality had for Ungern the meaning of a religious fast. But he developed intolerance to alcohol later, during the Troubles.

The transfer of Roman Fedorovich to another unit is associated with the officer's drinking bout. He quarreled with a colleague and received a saber blow to the head (which later caused severe headaches). Both perpetrators of the scandal left their unit.

In 1910, Roman was transferred to the 1st Amur Cossack Regiment, which was stationed in Blagoveshchensk. Interestingly, all the way from Transbaikalia to the Amur (over 1 km) Unger made one, he was accompanied only by a dog. I followed the hunting trails through the Big Khingan. He earned his food by hunting and fishing. It was a real harsh journey and a "school of survival" for the Daurian baron.


The cornet of the 1st Argun regiment of the Transbaikal Cossack army Baron R. F. Ungern-Sternberg

Mongolia


In the certification of the cornet Ungern for 1911, it is noted:

“He knows the service well and treats it in good faith. Demanding, but fair to subordinate lower ranks.

Mentally well developed. Interested in military affairs.

Thanks to the knowledge of foreign languages, I am familiar with foreign literature. Intelligently and efficiently conducts classes with scouts.

A wonderful companion. Open-minded, straightforward with excellent moral qualities, he enjoys the sympathy of his comrades. "

In 1912 attestation:

“He is fond of and inclined towards the camping life. Mentally developed very well ...

Morally flawless, enjoys love between comrades.

He has a gentle character and a kind soul. "

That is, before the maniac, alcoholic and drug addict, destroying people with inhuman cruelty, as the enemies liked to portray him, is clearly an abyss.

In 1912, the baron was promoted to centurion. Roman Ungern decided to return to Transbaikalia, to the border with Mongolia.

Outer Mongolia (Khalkha) was formally part of China at that time and was seeking independence. Chinese colonization caused discontent among the natives. The flow of immigrants grew, who seized and plowed pastures.

Local princes were deprived of inheritance rights in favor of Chinese officials. Extortions and usury flourished.

The Mongols became dependent on various Chinese firms. Therefore, the Mongol authorities decided to take advantage of the revolution in China (1911) and achieve full independence.

Bogdo Gegen VIII, the Buddhist leader of the country, was elevated to the Bogdo Khans and became the theocratic ruler of the new state. Russia supported this ambition and helped to form the Mongolian army.

Petersburg during the reign of Nicholas II tried to win over the Buddhist world to its side. Mongolia was considered the key to Central Asia. And in the future it could become part of the Russian Empire.

From here there was a direct path to Tibet, where the British climbed. Japan has shown its interest in the region. In turn, the image of the white king,

"Holding his throne at the edge of the North"

was popular in the East. The Russian sovereign was considered a direct heir to the ancient northern tradition.

In 1913, China recognized Mongolia's broad autonomy.

In 1913, Ungern resigned, transferred to the reserve and left for Mongolia. He longed for war.

"The peasants must cultivate the land, the workers must work, and the military must fight,"

- he will say during interrogation eight years later.

At this time, battles between the Mongols and the Chinese were taking place in Kobdo. The Russians took part in them as military advisers. Roman Fedorovich also sought in the Mongolian nomads that simplicity and faith, which was in his ideal ideas about medieval Europe. The horsemen of the steppe seemed to him heirs of a real military tradition, which was already dying in corrupted Western Europe. He was looking for military valor, honesty and ideological dedication to his cause in the Mongols.

However, Ungern was wrong.

This image of the Mongols was also born in the West and was entirely bookish. The Mongols of that time had nothing to do with the true empire of Genghis Khan. These were typical natives, very far from the ideals of chivalry, the high spiritual and material culture of Russian civilization.

For example, a convinced monarchist, a supporter of strengthening Russian influence in the East and an expert on the secrets of Tibetan medicine, baptized Buryat Pyotr Badmaev did not harbor any illusions on the grounds of "high spirituality" and "development" of local residents and described the local customs very well. He noted:

"Born laziness of the Mongols",

"Lack of any knowledge and education, except for Buddhist, supporting superstition",

"Contentment and contentment with the budgets of the shepherd's life."

And no descendants of the "conquerors of the Universe", the creators of the world empire. Common savages, approximately on the level of the Indian tribes of North America during the period of their conquest by the Europeans. Therefore, the Chinese Empire, even during its decline, easily ruled Mongolia.

Ungern idealized the Mongols, who were not related to the people who created the world empire. The circumstances of his trip to Mongolia were preserved in the memoirs of A. Burdukov, a representative of a large trading company, a correspondent for the liberal newspaper Sibirskaya Zhizn. They were completely different people: a warrior and a merchant. Therefore, Burdukov described his companion with hostility:

"Lean, ragged, sloppy ... with faded, frozen eyes of a maniac."

The correspondent recalled:

“Ungern was concerned with the process of war, not an ideological struggle in the name of certain principles.

The main thing for him is to fight, but with whom and how it is not important.

He repeated that 18 generations of his ancestors had died in battles, and that the same fate should fall to his lot. "

This merchant was then struck by the unbridled energy of Ungern, his extraordinary perseverance and toughness.

Ungern was not allowed to fight for the Mongols. In the 2nd Verkhneudinsk regiment, which helped the Mongols, served one of the few friends of Roman Fedorovich - Boris Rezukhin, the future deputy commander of the Asian division. The baron was assigned as a supernumerary officer for the convoy of the Russian consul.

The baron used his stay in Mongolia to study the language, customs and customs of local residents. He traveled to all significant settlements, visited many monasteries, made acquaintances with representatives of the local nobility and clergy.

By the beginning of World War I, Roman Ungern returned to Russia and joined the ranks of the Don army.


The commander of the Tatar regiment and the 2nd cavalry brigade in the Asian division Boris Petrovich Rezukhin. 1919 g.

To be continued ...
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, https://lenta.ru/
42 comments
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  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 3 February 2021 05: 08
    +5
    So there was an article about him recently? Or is he someone's relative?
  2. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 3 February 2021 05: 17
    +3
    The independence of Outer Mongolia, which was previously occupied by Chinese troops, was restored.
    Lieutenant General of the White Army Roman Fedorovich von Ungern-Sternberg became the de facto ruler of Mongolia for some time.
    People call it "changing an awl for soap". A bunch of alien parasites for one, but insane.
    1. Crowe
      Crowe 3 February 2021 05: 28
      +12
      But the Mongols are grateful to him for their independence from China, they even made a museum there ... To immortalize the memory of the odious military leader and his contribution to the restoration of Mongolian statehood, the Khural of civilian representatives of the Mongolian somon Bayankhangai decided to immortalize. The place for the creation of the museum was not chosen by chance: it was there, 106 km west of Ulan Bator, that a decisive battle took place between the Chinese and the advancing units of the Asian Cavalry Division, which included both Russians and representatives of many Asian peoples, including the Mongols, Buryats, Tatars, Tibetans, Japanese and Bashkirs. From the side of the Chinese, about 5000 fighters from the side of Ungernov, about 3000 people took part in this battle. It lasted three days. The Chinese were completely defeated and driven out of Mongolia.
      .
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U 3 February 2021 05: 46
        -3
        Quote: Crowe
        But the Mongols are grateful to him for their independence from China, there they even made a museum for him
        Individual representatives of the Mongols, it is not necessary to speak for everyone:
        Quote: Crowe
        khural of civil representatives of the Mongolian somon Bayankhangai
        Somon is a district, and you can guess what kind of "representatives of the people" in a bourgeois country. With Kolchak in Irkutsk, and not only, undoubtedly "the best representatives of the Russian people" were running around.
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 3 February 2021 06: 05
          +6
          Quote: Vladimir_2U
          With Kolchak in Irkutsk, and not only, undoubtedly "the best representatives of the Russian people" rushed about.

          And Manerheim came to my mind with his mission to alleviate the fate of besieged Leningrad.
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U 3 February 2021 06: 06
            +1
            Quote: mat-vey
            And Manerheim came to my mind with his mission to alleviate the fate of besieged Leningrad
            Medinsky and his "patron" are still seekers of historical justice.
            1. mat-vey
              mat-vey 3 February 2021 06: 07
              +2
              Quote: Vladimir_2U
              Medinsky and his "patron" are still seekers of historical justice.

              Well, for rent and there are the same.
              1. Vladimir_2U
                Vladimir_2U 3 February 2021 06: 09
                0
                Quote: mat-vey
                Well, for rent and there are the same.

                Capitolysis!
                1. mat-vey
                  mat-vey 3 February 2021 06: 12
                  +2
                  Quote: Vladimir_2U
                  Capitolysis!

                  Bitiyo determines consciousness)) And the consciousness of its heroes selects ..
          2. Pessimist22
            Pessimist22 3 February 2021 06: 22
            +4
            And to me Krasnov, with an appeal to fight against communists and Jews, a patriot.
            1. mat-vey
              mat-vey 3 February 2021 06: 25
              +3
              Each country has someone who is not standing on the shield, you can ...
            2. Sugar Honeyovich
              Sugar Honeyovich 4 February 2021 12: 04
              +1
              And also against the Russians - the enemies of the Cossacks. negative
        2. mat-vey
          mat-vey 3 February 2021 06: 30
          +4
          It looks like we stepped on a crustacean corn for someone.
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 3 February 2021 07: 20
            +2
            crustacean corn

            Abbaldet !!! Amazing word formation. without half a liter, it is impossible not only to pronounce, but to imagine this grace, much like Vasil Ivanovich's "square three-term". laughing
            1. mat-vey
              mat-vey 3 February 2021 07: 33
              -1
              Quote: Sea Cat
              Amazing word formation. without half a liter, not only to pronounce, but to imagine this grace is impossible,

              I understand the question, I answer))
              To step on a pet's favorite corn (colloquial joke) - 1) to step on a sore corn; 2) transfer. touch, touch someone's. sore spot.
              The crunch of a French bun is a sarcastic Internet meme, a concept that figuratively characterizes everything that was lost along with the Russian Empire (“Russia that we lost”).
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 3 February 2021 08: 30
                +2
                sarcastic internet meme

                Now there are so many of these memes in the net, and one is more stupid than the other, it is enough to read two lines in order to understand the level of education of such "memes", I am not for you, so, in general, memories of walks on the net.
                1. mat-vey
                  mat-vey 3 February 2021 08: 45
                  0
                  Quote: Sea Cat
                  sarcastic internet meme

                  Now there are so many of these memes in the net, and one is more stupid than the other, it is enough to read two lines in order to understand the level of education of such "memes", I am not for you, so, in general, memories of walks on the net.

                  So the Internet level is visible, but the person is not .. Some use ..
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 3 February 2021 08: 57
                    +2
                    .Some people use ..

                    Quite right.))
                2. Pessimist22
                  Pessimist22 3 February 2021 10: 01
                  0
                  Exactly, the worldwide conspiracy of vaccinations, coronavirus and 5G towers smile
      2. gsev
        gsev 5 February 2021 15: 52
        0
        Quote: Crowe
        106 km west of Ulan Bator, a decisive battle took place between the Chinese and the advancing units of the Asian Cavalry Division,

        The Chinese were advancing. Ungern with his division lost the Chinese who were striving to recapture Urga. When the Chinese approached Urga, the Russian population, not in Ungern's division, came out to protect their lives. It was on these people that the most difficult part of the battle fell. The Asian division appeared on the battlefield at its end after Ungern realized that he was deep in the rear of the Chinese and ordered to return to Urga. Although her fresh strength was the decisive reason for the defeat of the Chinese.
  3. north 2
    north 2 3 February 2021 08: 24
    +5
    According to the scrap, the natives in Mongolia were savages at the level of the Indian tribes of North America, then of course, something wild from the Mongol savages was transformed into the troops of Ungern and into the personality of the baron himself.
    For example, colonists from Europe from Indian savages took scalping of the enemy into their daily routine. According to the ethno-historian James Eckstlen, the colonists did not bring this horror with them from Europe, they saw it among the local Indians, but as a very rare method. And all sorts of Englishmen who occupied North America began to tear scalps to the Indians every day. And in 1864, in the Sand Creek Slaughterhouse, not only were scalps removed from living Indians, but internal organs were also cut out for souvenirs from living Indian women and children. Tell me, what does Baron Ungern have to do with it. And besides, the baron, too, in everyday life from the Mongol savages accepted such an execution of people that even the savages themselves used it very rarely. Baron Ungern kept hungry rats in individual cages. They were placed on the victim's bare stomach. The rat was covered with a metal basin and began to beat on this basin with a stick. From the roar and hunger, the maddened rat began to gnaw and dig into the victim's stomach to the very insides of the victim. This is what Yaroslavsky, one of the prosecutors at the trial of Ungern, said. So Ungern was a marauder, a sadist and an extremely odious person, and he was not a person of a Russian scale. That is why the trial took place in the Far East in order not to transport several hundred witnesses of the baron's sadism and looting to Moscow. And why the second article in a row about the sadist? It would be better if the authors would ask themselves that, they say, a sadist from the Far East has long been convicted, but sadists from North America have not yet been convicted ..
    1. gsev
      gsev 5 February 2021 15: 45
      0
      Quote: north 2
      According to the scrap, the natives in Mongolia were savages at the level of the Indian tribes of North America, then of course, something wild from the Mongol savages was transformed into the troops of Ungern and into the personality of the baron himself.

      The Mongols at the beginning of the 20th century did not, of course, belong to highly educated peoples, but it was the Asian division of Ungern that stood out with inhuman cruelty against the background of any hunhuzs and bandits from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean.
  4. bober1982
    bober1982 3 February 2021 08: 38
    -2
    Petersburg, during the reign of Nicholas II, not only tried to take over the Buddhist world, as the author of the article noted, but it was under Nicholas II that Petersburg became the world center of Buddhism.
    Immediately after accession to the throne, Nikolai Alexandrovich accepted the so-called The Great Asian Program, the purpose of which was, among other things, to create Great Buddhist Confederation, with the further prospect of including Tibet and Mongolia in the Russian Empire, where they did not see an enemy in Russia, in contrast to Europe.
    And, where the Russian tsar was respectfully called - the White Tsar.
    The phrase - "Russia should grow with Asia", belongs to Nicholas II
  5. Moskovit
    Moskovit 3 February 2021 08: 46
    +4
    Something Ungern haunts some authors). He was so fond of the Mongols that they themselves later surrendered him to the Soviet regime. I hope this is reflected in the exposition in the Ungern Museum.
    1. alpamys
      alpamys 4 February 2021 08: 06
      0
      Quote: Moskovit
      Something Ungern haunts some authors). He was so fond of the Mongols that they themselves later surrendered him to the Soviet regime. I hope this is reflected in the exposition in the Ungern Museum.

      so not only to them, but also Shoigu to run over him.
      1. gsev
        gsev 5 February 2021 15: 55
        0
        Quote: alpamys
        so not only to them, but also Shoigu to run over him.

        I think in our time, Ungern, as a restless person, would be in the forefront of any troublemakers. Even under the tsar in peacetime he could not find an application of his energy for himself.
  6. bober1982
    bober1982 3 February 2021 09: 18
    +3
    As for P. Badmaev, the author of course got excited, as they say ... to take phrases out of context.
    A connoisseur of Tibetan medicine, the godson of Alexander III, was also the head of Russian intelligence in Asia, he well understood that only Russia is able to understand the eastern peoples.
  7. Alex013
    Alex013 3 February 2021 09: 40
    +1
    "I advise you to pay more attention to this matter, to obtain a verification of the solidity of the charges, and if the evidence is complete, which, apparently, cannot be doubted, then arrange a public trial, hold it as quickly as possible and shoot it." IN AND. Lenin about the baron.
    For the Mongols, he is certainly a historical person. As a state Mongolia was formed thanks to Urgern. Plus his crazy idea - the revival of the empire of Genghis Khan.
    1. gsev
      gsev 5 February 2021 15: 59
      +1
      Quote: Alex013
      For the Mongols, he is certainly a historical person. As a state Mongolia was formed thanks to Urgern.

      Probably thanks to Stalin, who forced both Mao and Chiang Kai-shek to abandon plans to return Mongolia. If it were not for him, most likely Mongolia with the Russian Far East would have already been part of the Japanese Empire.
  8. evgen1221
    evgen1221 3 February 2021 13: 59
    -1
    It seems to me more and more that the myth of Genghis Khan the great and terrible is a product of incorrect intelligence and fairy tales of European merchants and a deliberately distorted retelling of their own scribes. After all, it has been proven that in Russia two or even three names were in use (Slavic, cross and Khazar), that the Kazan wars were European, that in the campaign to Europe under the supposedly coalition led by the (Mongols), the Russians fought predominantly. with moggols mass. And it was profitable for Europe to scare wild barbarians, for whom they consider everyone except themselves and the reasons for this in their crowding, these are not our spaces. Until you reach our one city, you will meet at least 10 cities in Europe at the same distance. And how could those who conquered the whole world (the Mongols) get so lazy (read the article), but at the same time, the fighting spirit is still transmitted to the allegedly enslaved Russians?
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 3 February 2021 14: 10
      +1
      Quote: evgen1221
      just a myth.

      The myth is when the bloody baron was credited with burning the old Buryat man at the stake. This is a myth, although it would certainly be wrong to deny that Baron Ungern did not commit atrocities.
      1. evgen1221
        evgen1221 3 February 2021 15: 22
        0
        Well, if that old man from the stubborn Buddhist sectarians was, and interfered with the order and deanery, then they could have burned in front of the system. Can he sang that immortal))) So they checked it, so to speak, empirically.
      2. Ryazan87
        Ryazan87 3 February 2021 16: 53
        +2

        Ungernovtsy after resolving differences with Chinese opponents.
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 3 February 2021 16: 58
          +2
          Quote: Ryazanets87
          Ungernovtsy after resolving differences with Chinese opponents.

          What times were, such were the solutions to disagreements.
          1. kapitan92
            kapitan92 3 February 2021 23: 43
            -2
            Quote: bober1982
            Quote: Ryazanets87
            Ungernovtsy after resolving differences with Chinese opponents.

            What times were, such were the solutions to disagreements.

            hi

            After the destruction of the rebellious peasants (Tambov peasant uprising). Gaidar continued to serve in punitive special forces (CHON) - first in the Tamyan-Kataysky region in Bashkiria, then in Khakassia.
            He was ordered to destroy the detachment of the "emperor of the taiga" I.N. Solovyov, which consisted of local peasants and Kolchak officers.
            Unable to cope with this task, Gaidar attacked the local population, who did not support the Bolsheviks. People were shot without trial or investigation, chopped down with swords, thrown into wells, sparing neither the elderly nor the children. The main target of the young commissar's bloody hunt was the Khakass .............

            The commander of the ChON of the province V. Kakoulin was forced to admit: "Golikov is an unbalanced boy by ideology, who, using his official position, committed a number of crimes."

            Gaidar was summoned to Krasnoyarsk to explain; he was expelled from the party, removed from office and sent for psychiatric examination.

            https://hojja-nusreddin.livejournal.com/2265493.html
            Ungernovtsy "boys", compared with the red commander Golikov !!! hi
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 4 February 2021 04: 54
              -1
              Quote: kapitan92
              Ungernovtsy "boys", compared with the red commander Golikov !!!

              I was just ashamed to cite as an example the adventures of a red, mentally abnormal young commander in Altai.
              An article, perhaps, who wrote.
              Otherwise, everything is a bloody baron, but a bloody baron.
              And, my respect for you.
            2. gsev
              gsev 15 February 2021 01: 18
              0
              Quote: kapitan92
              Ungernovtsy "boys", compared with the red commander Golikov !!!

              The Reds were able to call to order and Golikov and Ungern. The first was kicked out of the army and forced to become a writer, the second they had to execute.
  9. bandabas
    bandabas 3 February 2021 16: 18
    0
    "To the last sea" .... I don't believe it. Personally, I and many of my acquaintances lack the Mongoloid genotype. There is no very slanting in the eyes. And, hair, light brown.
  10. alpamys
    alpamys 4 February 2021 08: 03
    +1
    Ungern means Hungarian

    oh and tops .. it's already a shame to admit that he is from the Germans or is this the installation? Ungern is translated from German as-reluctantly / reluctantly.
    In one of the programs, about ten years ago, about Shoigu, he said that the book about Ungern is his desk.
    1. gsev
      gsev 15 February 2021 01: 22
      0
      Quote: alpamys
      Shoigu, he said that the book about Ungern is his desk.

      The book is not the book. Israel's attorney general and Hitler wrote about Nazism in very different ways. Most of the books published in Russia by Ungern are presented as the first sadist among all the White Guards.
  11. zenion
    zenion 4 February 2021 15: 47
    0
    All the troops, except for the Russian ones, carried death, diseases, lice, fleas, and what else they don't talk about. The Russian Germans brought them baths and made them wash and warm up in special ovens. I don't even want to dig into every little detail. But Ungern was always greeted with bread and soapy ropes, so that the Cossacks would not overwork. They themselves climbed on, tied a rope there, pulled on a tie, and the Cossacks could only knock the tree down from its roots. When the writers enter the rush, the grinding begins and from under the pen starts to come out of a different kind of grind from the first grade to the rejects.
  12. bayaraa
    bayaraa 7 March 2021 09: 22
    0
    Ordinary savages, about the level of the Indian tribes of North America, this is too much. I agree that we had traitors and all sorts of evil spirits, but there were also great commanders such as the legendary Khatanbaatar Magsarzhav, Damidsuren, Bavuudorzh, etc. They liberated their land and their people from the Chinese invaders. They trembled with fear at the sight of their army. That's how they fought.