From the moment of penetration into the villa and ending with the exit from it into the courtyard, the whole operation took 13 seconds - less on 9 than during the “dress rehearsal”. This reserve of time was enough to take several packs of secret documents from Abu Jihad’s office. A minute later, the members of all the groups were sitting in cars racing towards Ras Carthage. Return to the ships happened without incident. Corvettes immediately headed for Israel. On the shore remained empty cars.
It took a long time for Abu Jihad’s newly-minted widow to recover. While she woke up, while unsuccessfully trying to call the police, woke up her daughter and she called for help from the Palestinians, while they began to search the area, the ships managed to get far. And in the afternoon Tunisia was left by those agents who arrived here to support the operation under the guise of tourists.
This is how the Mossad conducts its secret fighting against the enemies of Israel around the world. Neither time nor distance save those who raised their hands on the Jewish state and its citizens. Retribution is inevitable!
It must be said that when a terrorist act is committed with grave consequences for Israel, retaliatory actions begin only after those to whom this task is entrusted prove that the terrorist commander is actually installed, accessible and vulnerable. Then the Mossad plan goes to the very top, to the Prime Minister or the Minister of Defense. "Mossad" does not kill anyone on a whim. An interesting book by D. Raviv and I. Melman, “The Spy Is Myself”, describes in detail the official procedure prior to obtaining a license to kill. There is a special committee in the Knesset (the Israeli parliament) that deals with such issues before they are approved by the first leaders of the state.
The stories about the secret service "Mossad" (in Hebrew, this abbreviation stands for "Institute for Security and Special Tasks") are often perceived as detective novels. The most successful, most effective, most legendary, most mysterious intelligence service of the world - as it was just not called! Her история - an integral, very significant part of the history of the national formation of the state of Israel. For all fifty years of its existence, it has been waging an endless war for survival with Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and other Arab states.
The global Arab-Israeli conflict (eight wars from 1948) took the lives of 20 thousands of Israelis; about a hundred thousand were injured - terrible numbers, if we consider that the population of the Jewish state is less than eight million people. Israel also has to confront fierce Palestinian and Lebanese terror. Only one explosive device in Israel for the year neutralizes more than 350, an average of one per day!
Most analysts believe that if it were not for the tremendous efforts, the professionalism and unique capabilities of the Mossad, as well as other secret services of Israel, there would have been more blood spilled.
Invariably at the forefront of the secret war, the Mossad has always remained a mystery to all world intelligence services, from the American CIA to the Soviet KGB, evoking scornful respect from its enemies in the Arab world and the green envy of its Western allies. So what is the Mossad?
“Separating facts from inventions about the Mossad is a truly titanic task,” says one of its leaders. “Only information on the largest cases, that it’s impossible to conceal, is leaking out. The rest is a mystery.” “Mossad” without myths is brilliant victories and bitter defeats, it is also samples of heroic self-sacrifice. Agents are not only Jews: people of different nationalities work at Mossad. Among them are the most beautiful women of the planet and the most cunning men in the world. They do things that make James Bond’s screen adventures pale.
There was not yet a spy organization in the world that would have so affected the development of the intelligence craft itself - a remarkable achievement, especially considering the capabilities of the Israeli intelligence services incomparable to the musculature of the CIA and KGB, with the span of the intelligence networks of the British MI-6. None of the intelligence services was created in such cramped conditions as the Mossad. But no state on earth can compare with Israel in the ability to coordinate the country's human and technical resources in such a way as to maximize their national security.
Common ideas about the harsh pragmatism of Israeli life and the constant readiness of Israelis for self-sacrifice in the name of national interests are close to the truth. Israel was born after the Nazi genocide, after the terrible war and the great national tragedy (six million murdered Jews - for those who forgot about it). In a young state, surrounded by a ring of hostile Arab countries, a triumvirate of security agencies was formed, designed to make the most effective use of the only advantage over the enemy - the intellectual one. The leading position in this trinity (Aman, Shin Bet and Mossad) is occupied by foreign intelligence.
The Mossad service originated from a secret organization of the same name that engaged in exporting Jews to Palestine during the dark days of World War II and later, during the years of the immigration quarantine imposed by Great Britain. Men and women who were sent to all corners of the globe to ensure emigration to Palestine and procurement weapons, did not learn their craft in spy schools. They acted in a social environment, often unfriendly towards them, using the mind, common sense, and a lot of life experience. They understood that the most important guarantee of their success and survival is absolute secrecy. Perfect conspiracy has since been regarded as the Mossad brand name.
The first head of this organization was Rnven Shiluh - a rare trick man who worked during the war with the British, and after it ended, established close personal relationships with leading representatives of American intelligence. Shiluh understood that he had at his disposal an incredible source of professional personnel. This could not boast of any national security service. Mossad possessed potential operatives from hundreds of countries that spoke hundreds of languages, knew the culture and customs of almost all the peoples of the Earth. Jews can pass for Germans, Italians, Russians, Mexicans, Arabs — anyone.
Shiluh knew that there were no better weapons than a tenacious Jewish mind, and he understood that patriotism, devotion to the Jewish state was fueled by religious fervor. These people will never betray, they will make excellent agents. And he was spreading his network around the world: in the USA and in the USSR, in Argentina and in China, in Europe and in the Far East. Not to mention the near Arab environment.
At one time, the second commander of the Mossad gained greater fame. a native of Russia named Izsr Hirsl. It was this stunted intelligence genius who turned the Mossad from a regional force into an equal player of an international spy game.
The former head of Shin Pet, Hersl demanded absolute loyalty to Israel and fantastic efficiency from its people. Most of all, he hated Soviet agents and became famous for exposing several KGB spies at the Ministry of Defense and other government agencies each year. Hersl's most impressive accomplishments are the interception of Khrushchev’s famous letter exposing Stalin in 1956 and the daring abduction of the Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann from Buenos Aires in I960. “Eichmann’s abduction made Mossad famous,” says a retired Israeli intelligence officer. “They shot films about this operation. The international prestige of Israel has increased immeasurably: they used to treat us like some kind of hole in the desert, and now everyone has learned that we are a great nation with amazing secret service! * In 1962, Harel was replaced by a professional military, Major General Meyer Amnt. Under him, the role of the lead in the triumvirate of the security services finally passed on to the Mossad.
The victory in the six-day 1967 war of the year is largely due to his department, especially the two agents, who are rightfully considered to be the most prominent spies of the 20th century. The first is Eli Kogan, an Egyptian Jew who was sent to work illegally in Syria under the name of Kamal Amin Taabet. This intelligence officer, who possessed a sharp mind, photographic memory and incredible courage, so deeply intruded into the Syrian military-state apparatus that he was even considered a candidate for the post of defense minister of Syria! "Mossad" received from him a huge amount of invaluable information about the armed forces of Syria and the defense system of the Golan Heights. Kogan worked wonders, but he went too far. With the help of the Soviet GRU, the Syrian counterintelligence exposed him and arrested him at the time of the transfer of the next encryption. Kogan was brutally tortured and hanged in Damascus.
Amita's second super spy is Wolfgang Lotz. German Jew with impeccable manners of an aristocrat, who adored thoroughbred horses and champagne. Lotz played a difficult game with the highest military ranks of Egypt. He transferred the collected information to Tel Aviv with the help of a transmitter hidden in a small attache case. (Egyptian counterintelligence, again with the help of the GRU, tracked down). Lipa and arrested with his wife. After the Six Day War, Lotz and his wife were traded for 5 thousands of Egyptian prisoners of war. The cost of the transaction clearly indicates the value of the person.
It must be said that, unlike the CIA, the Soviet GRU, the British, Chinese, French intelligence services, Mossad does not rely on the latest technologies like satellites and computers to collect information. Mossad prefers people. People can be trusted, cars - no. Trust is the holy of holies of the Israeli intelligence community. Moreover, under Snlukh and Hersle, the Mossad service was a small, almost family structure in which everyone knew each other perfectly. Amit turned the Mossad into an organized state machine with a reliable personnel base, a sufficiently numerous professional elite and good technical support. Thanks to his reforms, the Mossad, retaining all its strengths, has risen to a new qualitative level.
One of the most famous operations of the Mossad is the work of strike groups that combed the whole of Europe after the tragedy of the Munich Olympics. September 5 1972 terrorists from the Palestinian organization "Black September" with the help of intelligence agents of the GDR "Stasi" captured almost the entire Olympic team in Israel. Later, in the Munich Airport, they coolly killed eleven athletes. The world community shuddered with horror. Israel had to take revenge. Sanction to destroy the organizers of the Munich massacre secret services received directly from the government Golda Menr.
Of the fighters of the special units, “Sayrat Matkal,” shock groups were created under such romantic code names as “Black Nurses”, “Wrath of God”, “The 101 Team” and “The Avenger”. They were ordered not only to avenge Munich, but also generally to cut off all the heads of the Black September hydra, once and for all put an end to this terrorist organization. It was not a secret for anyone that Black September belonged to the PLO. but it was a special, unofficial combat unit of Yasser Arafat, designed for the secret conduct of the most audacious and bloody actions. And the Israeli government did not spare the organization or the forces to defeat the organization, creating an important precedent for a large-scale offensive against terrorism.
The Cyrzt Matkal strike groups destroyed the Black September terrorist nests throughout Europe and the Middle East. 12 bullets from the "Beretta" received Call Zvaytsr - Roman resident "Black September". A Parisian resident, Dr. Mahmoud Hamsharn, was killed on 9 on January 1973, by a bomb mounted in a telephone receiver. He fell victim to an explosive device, Abdel Heer, a resident in Nicosia, Cyprus. 6 April 1973 was killed in Paris by Basile Ai-Kubayshi, one of the main leaders of Black September, who was directly involved in the preparation of the Munich crime.
12 April 1973, a bomb blast in Cyprus tore apart another terrorist commander, Moussa Abu Zayed. In Paris, another bomb planted under the seat of a car destroyed the Black September commander of the militants Mohammad Baud. Finally, in January 1979, in Beirut, the notorious Ali Hassan Salameh, the military operative genius of Black September, was killed. Bomb him, too, planted in the car. The peak and the end of the operation to defeat Black September was the raid of fighters "Sayrat Matkal" to Beirut on the night of 9 on 10 of April 1979. Ideally planning and carrying out this raid, eclipsing Hollywood militants in their audacity, Israeli commandos riddled them with automatic fire in their own apartments of all the remaining leaders of the organization they were pursuing.
In six years of hunting, it was possible to destroy almost all the terrorists responsible for planning and carrying out the Munich massacre. However, the Mossad anti-terrorist operation continued. One of them was the destruction of Abu Jihad, which was discussed at the beginning of the article. Apparently, this is why every spectacular sabotage, any mysterious incident in the Arab world and, of course, the death of every Palestinian terrorist is immediately attributed to “Mossad” and his faithful “Sayrat Matkal”. Although this is far from the case, there is no smoke without fire.
A peace treaty was signed between Israel and Jordan, and a large-scale agreement was reached between Israel and the PLO. But the wars in the east are far from over ...