Military Review

Northern Sea Route: Military Threats and Vulnerable Areas

72

The Northern Sea Route is the shortest from Europe to Asia, and this explains the increased interest in it from a number of states, including, of course, not only Russia, but also the USA, China, Japan, Great Britain and other countries. The envy of other countries towards Russia is understandable: at present, the NSR is fully controlled by our country. However, the United States has repeatedly stated that it should belong to "all humanity", by which, as well as by the mysterious phrase "world community", is understood, of course, the American state.


The legal nuances of belonging to the NSR is one aspect of the problem, but there is also a military component. It is not for nothing that the United States and NATO have recently paid special attention to the Arctic, constantly conducting military exercises and maneuvers in the immediate vicinity of the Russian borders. Russia, of course, has to respond to these challenges by building up its military potential in the Arctic region.

Thus, the Joint Strategic Command "Northern Fleet" was formed, which from January 1, 2021 received the status of a military district. It is responsible for the security and defense of such regions as the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions, Komi, the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

The Barents Sea under the gun of NATO


The most dangerous from a military point of view sections of the Northern Sea Route is, first of all, its westernmost section. This is a region of Murmansk. In the northwest, the Murmansk region borders with Norway. This country is a member of the North Atlantic Alliance, and its political course has recently been anti-Russian.


In the fall of 2020, it became known about the plans of Norway and the United States to resume the operation of the naval base in Olavsvern, closed in 2002. To the border with Russia from Olavsvern about 350 kilometers.

It is planned to deploy the Seawolf-class nuclear-powered submarines of the US Navy. If deployed in Norway, the American Sea Wolves will pose a serious threat to the security of the Northern Sea Route, especially in the Murmansk region and the coast of the Murmansk region.

In addition, NATO regularly uses military bases on the territory of Sweden and Finland, which are formally neutral and not part of the bloc. This means that in the event of a military conflict, strikes can also be made from the territory of these states in the Russian Arctic, primarily in the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions and those sections of the Northern Sea Route that run along their coast. For example, during the NATO exercise Trident Juncture, the Finnish Air Force bases in Rovaniemi and the Swedish Air Force bases in Kallax were used.

Chukchi and Bering Seas: Threat from Alaska


Another potentially dangerous section of the Northern Sea Route from the point of view of military threats is located in its most eastern part, in the Chukotka region. It is not so far from the American continent, namely, to the state of Alaska. The 11th Air Force of the United States Air Force, headquartered at Elmendorf-Richardson military base in Anchorage, Alaska, is responsible for air control of the Bering Sea.

Thus, the main threats to the Northern Sea Route are the possible aggressive actions of the United States and NATO, in which, in the first place, with a greater degree of probability, submarines, missiles, aviation... The most dangerous sections of the NSR are at its beginning and end, that is, in the Murmansk region, in the Barents Sea, and in the Chukotka region, in the Bering and Chukchi seas. In the first sector, NATO focuses on submarines, in the second, on missiles and aircraft.

Ensuring the safety of the Northern Sea Route in these areas is directly related to the further increase in the defense power of Russia in the Arctic region through the development of anti-missile and air defense systems, anti-submarine warfare, an increase in the number of its own submarines and surface ships, and the strengthening of the potential of aviation and coastal defense forces.
Author:
Photos used:
Twitter / Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation; Neftegaz.ru
72 comments
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  1. svp67
    svp67 29 January 2021 13: 39
    +10
    The Northern Sea Route is OURS and it must be protected.
    1. credo
      credo 29 January 2021 13: 53
      +8
      Quote: svp67
      The Northern Sea Route is OURS and it must be protected.

      It is for this that the Northern Fleet was allocated into a separate district.
      The point is "small" - to create such conditions of life in the Arctic Circle and such a system of communications, infrastructure and provision, so that people want to live there, and not strive to the more moderate and southern regions of the country.
      1. carstorm 11
        carstorm 11 29 January 2021 14: 14
        -7
        Whatever level you create there, people will still strive to the west. It has always been and will be so. This is purely psychology. Extreme conditions tire very quickly.
        1. credo
          credo 29 January 2021 14: 24
          +8
          Quote: carstorm 11
          Whatever level you create there, people will still strive to the west. It has always been and will be so. This is purely psychology. Extreme conditions tire very quickly.

          In the USSR, it was possible to interest until the country was destroyed, so you need to take the best experience and apply it in practice, and not blame everything on psychology.
          1. for
            for 29 January 2021 14: 35
            +7
            Quote: credo
            In the USSR, it was possible to interest until the country was destroyed, so you need to take the best experience

            Eh, late my friend. Only the watch will save.
            1. Vladimir Mashkov
              Vladimir Mashkov 31 January 2021 19: 10
              0
              Returning to the North requires a lot of investment and expense. Few will go there without creating normal conditions and material interest. Moreover, with families. If the questions are resolved, people will go. And today - yes, only watch.
          2. carstorm 11
            carstorm 11 29 January 2021 22: 31
            0
            I'm not dumping) I just know hundreds of people who have left. Although they lived well. Do you know that now most of the officers do not transfer their families to such places?
        2. Galleon
          Galleon 29 January 2021 15: 58
          +8
          I partly agree with you. And it's not even about extreme conditions, but about the extreme unpleasantness of those places and the strong spirit of the times, which permeates the entire stay of a person there. Unfortunately, this reminder of the times is strong not only in the Far North, but also in the Far Eastern regions.
          Let me explain with an example: here you live, of the local vitamins you have only lingonberries and cones. The locals may have more, but you serve, and it’s good if once a season you can get out into the taiga for lingonberries. Your fertile layer is 10 cm, the rest is clay and stone. In order for a simple carrot to grow and ripen, you need to grow it in a greenhouse or greenhouse, and it's good if you managed to get manure! But you know that in the West there is normal land and people normally have not only carrots for children, but also other things, including apples and plums. So how? Will not the thought in your head beat that you are here temporarily and you just have to be patient? And I did not describe the conditions of the North, the conditions of Vanino, Khabarovsk Territory. Not permafrost. So what can you create there so that people want to live there ?? Was in Chukotka on a business trip 15 years ago - potatoes for 200 rubles / kg raseyskaya. And if from the "damned" Busurmansky Anchorage - 80 rubles / kg. Vote.
          1. credo
            credo 29 January 2021 20: 56
            -1
            Quote: Galleon
            And it's not even about extreme conditions, but about the extreme unpleasantness of those places and the strong spirit of the times, which permeates the entire stay of a person there. Unfortunately, this reminder of the times is strong not only in the Far North, but also in the Far Eastern regions.

            I don't know about what places in the Far East you are talking about, but I just recently talked with a man who lived for 30 years in the Primorsky Territory and his opinion is that with modern infrastructure and the provision of all the benefits of civilization, you can live there completely comfortably and without any thought temporary worker.

            I hope that AS "Mikhail Lomonosov" is only the first swallow for the Far North and other uninhabited places in Russia. You just need to seriously deal with this topic, and not leave it all to chance, as it happened after the collapse of the USSR and the abolition of all benefits and privileges that were created for the development of these places in the USSR.

            As for moving to the south even of our country, for example, in some areas of the Astrakhan and Volgograd regions, Kalmykia (and further on the list) it is simply impossible to live, because extreme heat conditions and the absence of most of the benefits of civilization.

            So it remains either to develop the country in all directions, or, as D.A. once said. Medvedev to concentrate the entire population of Russia in 10-15 large agglomerations, so as not to spray the budget on all sorts of monotowns, urban-type settlements, villages, villages and just a hamlet.
            1. Bez 310
              Bez 310 29 January 2021 22: 53
              +7
              Quote: credo
              I do not know about what places in the Far East you are talking about,

              But I know, I served in those places for more than a quarter of a century.
              And before that, as a child, he lived for 10 years in Severomorsk, his father was there
              served.
              In such places, one can only serve pending transfer or
              demobilization, there is no normal life.
              1. Andrei Nikolaevich
                Andrei Nikolaevich 2 February 2021 10: 35
                0
                I disagree with you, in part. I have a similar story in my family. Man is such a creature that he gets used to any living conditions and climate. In order for a person to stay in the North or in the Far East, at least he must be born there and live for a long time. But this is still not the most important thing. There should be normal living conditions to compensate for the harsh climate. Private construction, roads, road and rail. In the Far East, how many hectares have already been distributed by the government and that I did not hear that the people were bursting there. Look at the Scandinavians - Norway, Sweden, Finland. Almost the same climate. People live and do not leave. Because they have all the conditions for life - roads. And on a rotational basis, in my opinion, the North can only be dirtied, irrevocably. The "temporary workers" will come in large numbers - gastrobeiters from the CIS or Turks with Chinese. Shit and dump. Yes, and young people should be invited to the North and Far East not with slogans, but with comfortable living conditions and salaries. Everything is simple - I have money, I flew to the south, rested for a couple of weeks, ran in the heat and stuffiness and returned home, where you will find a stable job and a salary higher than in other regions.
                1. Bez 310
                  Bez 310 2 February 2021 11: 08
                  -2
                  Quote: Andrey Nikolaevich
                  I disagree with you, in part.

                  Disagree.
            2. Aleksandr1971
              Aleksandr1971 30 January 2021 05: 38
              -3
              10-15 agglomerations is an excellent target for the AY.
              But I hope that the development of the system of social services, the development of remote work and the improvement of the quality of the urban environment will gradually reduce the desire of the peoples of Russia to migrate to big cities.
              There are many advantages in big cities, but the Internet will smooth out these advantages. At the same time, the high cost of real estate in cities will frighten off migrants of future generations.
        3. Doccor18
          Doccor18 29 January 2021 17: 25
          +2
          Quote: carstorm 11
          Whatever level you create there, people will still strive to the west. It has always been and will be so. This is purely psychology. Extreme conditions tire very quickly.

          During the Soviet era, all northern cities and towns only grew, from year to year.
          And the conditions, to tell you honestly, were far from comfortable ...
          And now they are fleeing from the villages of the center of Russia without looking back, what can we say about Magadan and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ...
          1. carstorm 11
            carstorm 11 29 January 2021 22: 34
            +1
            Grew up. But people always tried to leave from there) well, how many people among your acquaintances are ready to leave for such places to live? 99 percent of those who agree will go there for a while and not at all.
            1. Doccor18
              Doccor18 30 January 2021 06: 24
              +1
              Quote: carstorm 11
              Grew up. But people always tried to leave from there) well, how many people among your acquaintances are ready to leave for such places to live? 99 percent of those who agree will go there for a while and not at all.

              My settlement has grown in two generations from a village to a town. In the late 80s, the grandiose construction of a new school, hospital and airport began. And then the USSR collapsed and that's it ... The unfinished ruins still stand as a monument to the once great state. Now there are 5000 people left from 300. The process of liquidation of the settlement has begun ...
        4. Aleksandr1971
          Aleksandr1971 30 January 2021 05: 35
          -1
          And how did people end up in the East then? For example, my parents are from Primorsky Krai.
          If you read the history of mankind, you will see that people walked from the Great Rift Valley in East Africa in a fanning direction to the Northwest, to the North, and to the Northeast.
          By your logic, all people would now be stuck in Europe. And the rest of the planet Earth would remain uninhabited by people.
          1. carstorm 11
            carstorm 11 30 January 2021 05: 41
            +1
            I myself am from Khabarovsk. My parents ended up there when my father was transferred to the service. Both of them are from the West. Do you know what scandals I had at home on a regular basis about when we will go back ?! Weekly. Almost divorced. I lived in a military town in the center of Volochaevsky. The neighbors are only officers. Of all whom I knew, only a few remained. They left constantly. Either they were looking for an opportunity to transfer or retired and adyu. And we would have moved, but there were a lot of things, plus I went to the Ussuriysk SVU. And in your opinion, in Europe, all the heads do not sit with each other?)
            1. Aleksandr1971
              Aleksandr1971 30 January 2021 11: 11
              0
              Quote: carstorm 11
              I myself am from Khabarovsk. My parents ended up there when my father was transferred to the service. Both of them are from the West. Do you know what scandals I had at home on a regular basis about when we will go back ?! Weekly. Almost divorced. I lived in a military town in the center of Volochaevsky. The neighbors are only officers. Of all whom I knew, only a few remained. They left constantly. Either they were looking for an opportunity to transfer or retired and adyu. And we would have moved, but there were a lot of things, plus I went to the Ussuriysk SVU. And in your opinion, in Europe, all the heads do not sit with each other?)


              I spent my childhood on Sakhalin. It is even northeast of Khabarovsk. And on Sakhalin in Soviet times, life was better than on the mainland due to the increased supply of scarce consumer goods.

              Europe is full of people, but in Asia there are even MORE people!
              If you said that people do not want to live in the Far North, then I would agree with you. But you said that people, whatever their comfort, will always strive to the West. Here I do not agree with you. - Not always to the West!
      2. Doccor18
        Doccor18 29 January 2021 17: 21
        +6
        Quote: credo
        The point is "small" - to create such conditions of life in the Arctic Circle and such a system of communications, infrastructure and provision, so that people want to live there, and not strive to the more moderate and southern regions of the country.

        Such conditions are not created even for the inhabitants of the central strip ...
        60 km. from any regional center "tundra" begins ...
      3. Aleksandr1971
        Aleksandr1971 29 January 2021 18: 00
        +3
        Something too meager content of the article. Given that the topic is interesting.
        1. Nyrobsky
          Nyrobsky 29 January 2021 22: 56
          +1
          Quote: Aleksandr1971
          Something too meager content of the article. Given that the topic is interesting.
          Write better what problems? hi
          1. Aleksandr1971
            Aleksandr1971 30 January 2021 05: 30
            +4
            Most trained people have enough intelligence to appreciate the quality of this or that work. Whether it is an industrial or artistic work, or whatever. But this does not mean that the same majority of people are able to remake what was done badly, into something of higher quality.

            For example, I am an entrepreneur with a legal education. I own a hotel built with my money. I can appreciate how well the hotel is built. But I myself will not be able to design and build any hotel. For this, specialists were hired.

            Therefore, your complaint to me is not solid. In your approach, each person should do what he needs himself. But this is not possible under the conditions of the distribution of labor in the modern economy and culture.
            1. Nyrobsky
              Nyrobsky 30 January 2021 10: 29
              0
              Quote: Aleksandr1971
              Therefore, your complaint to me is not solid.

              This is not a claim, this is a proposal. Judging by your comment below, you have the ability and knowledge to expand on this topic a little wider.
      4. Aleksandr1971
        Aleksandr1971 30 January 2021 05: 42
        +2
        If you look at the map in the author's article, then the Northern Sea Route must be protected.
        But if the ships of the West go north of Novaya Zemlya, Severnaya Zemlya, Novosibirsk Islands, Wrangel Island, then let them go without Russia's demand. Only then will Russia not ensure the direction and safety of the route.
        But only these creatures want to go not to the north, but to the south - in our territorial waters. If they do this without the consent of our authorities, then such ships and crews must be treated like pirates - according to the ancient maritime traditions of pirate ships.
    2. Bez 310
      Bez 310 29 January 2021 14: 25
      -5
      Quote: svp67
      Northern Sea Route OUR

      Yah?
      It is legalized according to
      all international agreements?
      Where can I find this document?
      1. svp67
        svp67 29 January 2021 14: 43
        +4
        Quote: Bez 310
        Is it legal, in accordance with all international agreements?
        Don't be ridiculous, any international agreement is worth something only when the countries interested in it are able to back it up with their strength. The law of the sea has a LOT of exceptions and God give us intelligence, skill and determination to defend our opinion in this matter
        ... However, one should pay attention to two conditions that justify the policy of the Russian Federation in connection with the regulation of this route.
        First, the NSR is a unified transport communication, part of which extends year-round in the territorial waters of the Russian Federation. This allows us to say that foreign ships in any case will not be able to pass the entire NSR without the consent of Russia to pass them through their sovereign territories.
        Secondly, a non-Arctic state will not be able to carry out its activities in the region without the consent of the coastal Arctic state to provide its territory for mooring foreign ships, provide them with communication means, conduct rescue operations in case of natural disasters, implement, if necessary, environmental measures and take other actions. necessary for the comfortable and safe use of the NSR.
        Thus, it can be concluded that although the Russian Federation does not have the right to control the entire NSR, nevertheless, such control is necessary based on the principles of expediency, consistency, productivity and safety. Currently, we see that clarification of the legal regime of the Arctic sea areas by the Arctic countries and, first of all, by Russia is inevitable and necessary. The Arctic is an area of ​​the far north, the waters of which are regularly exposed to freezing. This allows the Russian Federation to apply Article 234 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which says that coastal states can apply national laws within the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone in those areas that are prone to ice cover, to ensure the environmental safety of these areas. Restricting the movement of navigation on the NSR can be considered actions aimed at protecting the marine environment and ensuring international environmental safety.

        Greit, V.V. Northern Sea Route - Russian territorial waters or international transport route? / V. V. Greit. - Text: direct // Young scientist. - 2017. - No. 13 (147). - S. 430-433. - URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/147/41357/ (date of access: 29.01.2021/XNUMX/XNUMX).
        1. Bez 310
          Bez 310 29 January 2021 15: 04
          -1
          Quote: svp67
          Do not make me laugh

          Everything is clear, no international documents
          on the recognition of the NSR as a Russian NO.
          1. Aleksandr1971
            Aleksandr1971 30 January 2021 11: 03
            +3
            There is a 12-mile territorial sea zone. If foreign ships do not violate Russian territorial waters, then there is no prohibition for going through the SVMP.

            But only in this case there will be no provision of navigation and other support for the passage of ships. And, in turn, without this, not a single ship owner or ship captain in his right mind and memory will lead his ship along the UHMWP. And no insurance company will sign up for such a route.

            As far as I understand, the West wants Russia to provide guidance and security to any foreign ships. In other seas, states are usually interested materially in the safety of sea routes. Therefore, other states maintain sea routes near their territorial waters.

            But Russia has an extremely long coastline in the SL ocean, and the issues of ensuring the pilotage of sea vessels: 1) are extremely expensive due to geography and climate; 2) are strongly associated with ensuring the strategic security of the country, for the North is the region through which ICBMs will go to (from) the United States.
            Accordingly, Russia wants to: 1) earn extra money at the UHMWP to compensate for its infrastructure costs and constant monitoring of hydrography; 2) to prevent the appearance on the AHMP of vessels carrying out reconnaissance (hydrography, ice conditions, air situation, underwater situation, the state of our port and other infrastructure of the AHSR).
      2. Hagen
        Hagen 29 January 2021 14: 45
        +3
        Quote: Bez 310
        Where can I find this document?

        There are documents on territorial waters, an exclusive economic zone - the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea or the Maritime Convention. Read, there is an open network .... In addition, do you doubt the legal protection of the critical infrastructure of the NSR located on the land territory of the country? Do you somehow argue your doubts, what is wrong?
        1. Bez 310
          Bez 310 29 January 2021 15: 06
          +1
          Quote: Hagen
          There are documents on territorial waters, an exclusive economic zone - the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea or the Maritime Convention. Read on, there is ...

          I read some of the above, but nothing
          there is no exclusively Russian NSR.
          1. Hagen
            Hagen 29 January 2021 18: 00
            -5
            Quote: Bez 310
            I read some of the above, but nothing
            there is no exclusively Russian NSR.

            The anatomical atlas shows that a person has a head as part of the body. You have to be completely "gifted" to doubt that you have it. laughing
            1. aleksejkabanets
              aleksejkabanets 29 January 2021 19: 09
              +6
              Quote: Hagen
              The anatomical atlas shows that a person has a head as part of the body. You have to be completely "gifted" to doubt that you have it.

              And in fact, can you say something about the commentary? Or just insults? In fact, the person asked the right question, are there any documents of title that unequivocally say that the NSR is exclusively Russian territory or not. I am also interested in the current legal status of SPM. What are the legal grounds for the same Americans to claim that the SPM has international status?
              1. Hagen
                Hagen 29 January 2021 22: 02
                0
                Quote: aleksejkabanets
                I am also interested in the current legal status of SPM.

                The legal status of the NSR follows from the legal status of the territorial waters and the exclusive economic zone. A foreign ship can enter TV only with the permission of the owner country, the EEZ also imposes some obligations on transit ships, for example, innocent passage and prohibition of certain actions. 5600 NSR passes along part of the route in the TV and EEZ of the Russian Federation, i.e. under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, which is not questioned and is subject to armed protection. There is also a coastal security system for the passage along the NSR, which belongs to the Russian Federation, without which no commercial vessel can go this way. Considering the boundaries of the Arctic Ocean ice cover, lead a virtual caravan to the north of the EEZ, and especially in the areas of the islands of Novosibirsk, Severnaya Zemlya, Novaya Zemlya. The crux of the matter is clear from the high school geography course. Or is it difficult to measure 200 nautical miles (370 km) from the northern islands of the New Siberian Islands Group? How will you navigate a caravan without icebreaker escort? What icebreakers and who will you ask for? Any suggestions? This is not to wipe dust from the globe. It is difficult and dangerous. Yes, and reckless, having a reliable supporting infrastructure to the south and more bearable sailing conditions.
                Quote: aleksejkabanets
                What are the legal grounds for the same Americans to claim that the SPM has international status?

                And you give this statement itself. The drunken delirium of retired admirals does not count. They do not have legally significant ideas and consequences. They only express some desires of the American "hawks" to "squeeze" our EEZ closer to the coastline in order to prevent us from developing mineral resources on the shelf. There is no legal basis for this. Only the forceful method is possible. But this still needs to be decided ...
                You can read more about the NSR in the Merchant Shipping Code of the Russian Federation:
                "Article 5.1. Navigation in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route
                 
                1. The water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route is understood as the water area adjacent to the northern coast of the Russian Federation, covering the internal sea waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and bounded in the east by the line of demarcation of sea spaces with the United States of America and the parallel of Cape Dezhnev in the Bering Strait, from the west by the meridian of Cape Zhelaniya to the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, the eastern coastline of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago and the western borders of the Matochkin Shar, Kara Vorota, Yugorsky Shar straits.
                2. The rules for navigation in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route, approved by the federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation, are applied to ensure the safety of navigation, as well as to prevent, reduce and keep under control pollution of the marine environment from ships and contain:
                1) the procedure for organizing the navigation of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route;
                2) rules for icebreaker assistance of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route;
                3) rules for ice pilotage of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route;
                4) rules for escorting vessels along routes in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route;
                5) regulations on navigation-hydrographic and hydro-meteorological support of navigation of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route;
                6) the rules for communicating by radio during navigation of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route;
                7) other provisions concerning the organization of navigation of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route.
                3. Organization of navigation of ships in the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route is carried out by the administration of the Northern Sea Route .... "and further
              2. Hagen
                Hagen 29 January 2021 22: 08
                -3
                Quote: aleksejkabanets
                insults

                What did you see as an insult? In the sentence of an example of deduction (logical derivation of particular provisions from the general)? It's not even funny ...
                1. aleksejkabanets
                  aleksejkabanets 29 January 2021 22: 17
                  +2
                  Quote: Hagen
                  The anatomical atlas shows that a person has a head as part of the body. You have to be completely "gifted" to doubt that you have it.

                  First of all, in the transition to personalities. This is not correct, your co-forum, did not provoke you to this.
                  1. Hagen
                    Hagen 29 January 2021 22: 24
                    -4
                    Quote: aleksejkabanets
                    First of all, in the transition to personalities

                    Do you mean a suspicion of giftedness? Well, you know, connecting the route with the territorial waters on the map is a task for a 9th grade student. Asking the same question twice in a public space without looking at the essence of the subject matter is a clear manifestation of cognitive deficiencies or neglect of interlocutors.
                    1. Bez 310
                      Bez 310 29 January 2021 23: 00
                      +5
                      Quote: Hagen
                      manifestation of cognitive deficiencies or neglect of interlocutors.

                      You have not brought any international
                      document confirming the ownership of the NSR.
                      "Code of Merchant Shipping of the Russian Federation" - our
                      internal document, and nothing to do
                      the NSR does not have an international status.
                      I will not offend you, I will only say that you
                      can't even imagine the size of our
                      Tervod in the NSR area, and you don't know what the entrance is
                      in our thervody is quite possible for ships
                      other countries.
                      1. Hagen
                        Hagen 30 January 2021 08: 31
                        -4
                        Quote: Bez 310
                        You have not brought any international
                        document confirming the ownership of the NSR.

                        I brought you the maritime convention. It is enough for our right to manage the processes on the NSR within our TV and EEZ to be recognized by all sane countries. "... The Arctic is an area of ​​the far north, whose waters are regularly exposed to freezing. This allows the Russian Federation to apply Article 234 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which says that coastal states can apply national laws within the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone in those areas that susceptible to ice cover, to ensure the environmental safety of these areas. Restriction of navigation on the NSR can be considered actions aimed at protecting the marine environment and ensuring international environmental safety ..... "This is what experts in international law say. So in this case, our domestic law has a direct connection with international law.

                        Quote: Bez 310
                        I will not offend you, I will only say that you
                        can't even imagine the size of our
                        Tervod in the NSR area, and you don't know what the entrance is
                        in our thervody is quite possible for ships
                        other countries.

                        You will not offend me, because I did not speak about the impossibility of foreign ships entering our TV. Apparently, you dreamed it. laughing I said that the bulk of the routes that run along the NSR are subject to our jurisdiction and the right to manage, and anyone who recognizes our rules can sail. Do you want to lead the SMP-X caravan through the North Pole bypassing our EEZ? No problem, only on your own and at your own peril and risk. If you are more advanced in maritime law, show the coordinates of the border of our TV in the areas of the New Siberian Islands or Novaya and Severnaya Zemlya. You can also attach a map of the boundary of the long-term ice cover of the Arctic Ocean. Then you can discuss the possibilities and real prospects of sailing on the high seas ...
                      2. Bez 310
                        Bez 310 30 January 2021 08: 57
                        +3
                        Quote: Hagen
                        Restriction of navigation on the NSR it could be considered actions aimed at protecting the marine environment and ensuring international environmental safety ...

                        And you can not count ...
                        Everything is clear, Russia does not have exclusive rights to the NSR.
                      3. Hagen
                        Hagen 30 January 2021 09: 47
                        -1
                        Quote: Bez 310
                        And you can not count ...

                        Can. You can do anything. You can, as before, not argue anything. So, bullet your disagreements on any occasion. You look, someone will react wassat ... It's another matter that it doesn't change anything anyway ...
  2. Nyrobsky
    Nyrobsky 29 January 2021 23: 25
    -3
    Quote: Bez 310
    Quote: svp67
    Northern Sea Route OUR

    Yah?
    It is legalized according to
    all international agreements?
    Where can I find this document?

    What is there to watch? The United States cannot claim Russian waters, just as Russia cannot claim the waters of Alaska and Canada.
    1. Bez 310
      Bez 310 30 January 2021 08: 22
      +3
      Quote: Nyrobsky
      What is there to watch?

      You don't need to look anywhere, don't!
  • Undecim
    Undecim 29 January 2021 13: 42
    +1
    Another episode of the series about the Elusive Joe. Elusive Joe - Northern Sea Route.
    1. 2 Level Advisor
      2 Level Advisor 29 January 2021 14: 19
      +3
      I absolutely agree .. Did someone say that the NSR is not Russian? Or declared that he will walk through our ter.waters as he wants? From whom is the threat? Pirates? And if they walk to the north, they have the right, though the ice does not agree .. Total .. from whom to protect the NSR? Is there something super traffic, without which Russia will not survive? And in fact, it is impossible to protect such a length from the same nuclear submarines .. in general, really "elusive Joe".
  • faterdom
    faterdom 29 January 2021 13: 46
    0
    They will strain "partners" and "neutrals", they will yell, but they will fight in the Arctic ...
    Locally they will not climb, it is painfully difficult, but an attempt to use "Tridents" or a massive airstrike - the west and east coasts of the United States will become a horror movie, the rest will scatter themselves, looking for the status "I have nothing to do with it, I have nothing to do with it!"
  • rocket757
    rocket757 29 January 2021 13: 51
    +2
    Northern Sea Route: Military Threats and Vulnerable Areas

    What is the article about?
    Someone thinks, believes that if suddenly there is a WAR, then it will be a blockade of the NSR ???
    If it becomes "hot", if a real fire breaks out ... everyone will have no time for it, but otherwise how can it be? Will the "Arctic convoys" be drowned again?
    We need to correctly assess the threats and prepare to effectively resist them! It's obvious.
    1. vvvjak
      vvvjak 29 January 2021 13: 57
      -2
      Quote: rocket757
      Someone thinks, believes that if suddenly there is a WAR, then it will be a blockade of the NSR ???

      And you do not admit that the blockade of the NSR could be just another round of sanctions for the "poisoning" of "African monkeys" by a newcomer, and then what?
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 29 January 2021 15: 53
        +3
        Okay, let's "blockade" ..... unblock HOW? Look for boats and muffle them with loud sounds of vavuzel / tom-toms, or just FLOOD?
        Moreover, the boats will hide under the ice !!! and we have underwater hunters, oh, how we do not have enough and make them quickly IN ANY way!
        1. vvvjak
          vvvjak 29 January 2021 16: 08
          0
          Quote: rocket757
          unblock AS

          So that's the point that nothing. Come on, even if they block it with the help of the fleet (what no "Casus Belli"), and if, like with a joint venture - sanctions to all companies that use the NSR, incl. and freight carriers. In any case, the Russian Federation acts as a type of Japan during WW2. In this case, I would block the Suez Canal for American cargo until the United States recognizes the Indian genocide.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 29 January 2021 19: 20
            +1
            Quote: vvvjak
            until the US recognizes

            Make them RECOGNIZE their mistakes, and even more so CRIMES. it is an extremely complex case from the category of fantasy.
  • svoit
    svoit 29 January 2021 13: 51
    +1
    Difficulties may arise if the United States wants to demonstrate freedom of navigation and send its submarine, ours and their concepts of a sovereign water area may be slightly different
    1. Thorvlobnor IV
      Thorvlobnor IV 29 January 2021 14: 53
      +5
      They may well do this, according to the law of the sea. After all, the Russian Federation conducts its ships through the Turkish straits and Gibraltar, i.e. "NATO" waters.
  • Runway
    Runway 29 January 2021 13: 51
    -3
    Author, when (if suddenly) they begin to level us up "according to an adult", then what kind of on / in .... (the necessary substitute at will) SMP ???
    1. Fan-fan
      Fan-fan 30 January 2021 14: 08
      +1
      Do we use this NSR ourselves? Or are we just boasting about the presence of this? Well, his enemies will block it and what will we lose, what is so necessary that we carry along the entire route of the NSR? We carry liquefied gas from Sabetta to Europe, but this is the mouth of the Ob, and further east, what strategic transportation is there? In a word, we ourselves do not really use it, but we threaten not to let anyone in there. Why not let them in for money? Maybe there are no willing ones? The author, maybe you better write what we carry along the NSR, what is the use for us now.
  • for
    for 29 January 2021 13: 54
    0
    Northern Sea Route - the shortest from Europe to Asia

    Well, that's where to go.
  • tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 29 January 2021 14: 16
    -1
    Polar bears on Wrangel Island have tensed! wassat
  • svoit
    svoit 29 January 2021 14: 21
    +1
    Quote: WFP

    +1
    Author, when (if suddenly) they begin to level us up "in an adult",

    The conversation here is about something else, that if all sorts of foreign warships are hanging around there, even without a second thought, this is a danger for us, it is much better to make good money on the NSR by conducting civilian ships
    1. Runway
      Runway 29 January 2021 14: 46
      +1
      Let them wander around for terrorists, the passage through the IES is spelled out, what are the problems?
    2. Scharnhorst
      Scharnhorst 29 January 2021 14: 54
      +1
      Come up with a real need for the Northwest Passage and "poke around" until you blue in the face.
  • bar
    bar 29 January 2021 14: 46
    -3
    NATO regularly uses military bases on the territory of Sweden and Finland, which are formally neutral and not part of the bloc.

    This will not give anything striped. The NSR is controlled by the one who has the infrastructure. This is the provision of navigation, including icebreakers, and the organization of ports and logistics along its length, and of course, protection from attacks. The striped ones did not have any of this, and I hope they will not. And you can stand at both ends of the NSR and drip saliva as much as you like.
    And the infrastructure, yes, we need to develop.
  • andrew42
    andrew42 29 January 2021 14: 50
    +5
    A banally obvious article. Geography lesson for high school. Where are the raisins?
  • tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 29 January 2021 15: 07
    +2
    So they have the right to hang around behind a 12-mile fence. The territorial waters have not been canceled. Submarines so they walk under the ice! What is the question. We need to learn from the Chinese to build warships. It seems that rumors are confirmed that the Chinese have practiced heartily over the AUG Theodore Roosevelt. The bombers, together with fighters, have worked out a cruise missile attack, so far without real launches. This has already been written by the Washington Post, but it must be verified.
  • zenion
    zenion 29 January 2021 15: 49
    -2
    There is the Arctic and there is Antarctica. Antarctica is America's shortcut to Asia. And Europe, if they are peaceful, can also use the shortcut from the Varangians to the Chinese, only peacefully. And the Northern Sea Route was created by the "tyrant" Stalin. Literally from the very restoration of the USSR, Stalin understood its significance. Now this has been abruptly forgotten.
  • A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 29 January 2021 15: 51
    +3
    On VO more and more often there are new articles-horror stories about the dangers that lie in wait for the SMP literally on every corner.

    However, you should be aware that no one in the world except Russia today has heavy icebreakers left to navigate in the waters of the NSR. Currently, the United States has only one heavy icebreaker "Polar Star" and one medium "Healy" which is already 30 years old. Canada has another such old man. For a long time they have almost never left the quay wall.
    There are probably talks about some new projects somewhere. I even came across plans to build two icebreakers by 2029.

    Today the Russian Federation has about 40 icebreakers of different capacities and ages.
    At the moment, of the powerful operating icebreakers built during the Soviet period, the following are in service: Yamal and 50 Years of Victory (Type Arctic), as well as Taimyr and Vaygach (Type Taimyr). Due to the fact that their resource is running out, construction of icebreakers of the LK-60Ya project "Arktika", "Siberia" and "Ural" began at the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg.
    In total, by 2035, the Russian Arctic fleet will have at least 13 heavy linear icebreakers, including nine nuclear-powered ones. Here Russia is "ahead of the rest of the world" and the Americans will not reach parity even in 30 years.

    Now, you can stop scaring simple-minded readers with a military invasion of the Arctic and put an end to it.

    For your information:
    The volume of transit cargo along the Northern Sea Route is currently 1 million tons per year. In other words, about a hundred ships pass through the NSR per year, while 18 ships through the Suez Canal and carry 000 times more - more than 1000 billion tons of cargo ...


    This happens because today the NSR is open plus or minus 20 days a year.

    PS I can't imagine for a second a phantasmagoric picture: Norwegian planes are bombing the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the most sparsely populated subject of the Russian Federation. Its territory is the size of Uruguay, larger than Greece or Tajikistan. And as many as 44 people live there ...
    1. Disant
      Disant 31 January 2021 20: 31
      0
      .S. For a second I cannot imagine a phantasmagoric picture: Norwegian planes are bombing the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the most sparsely populated subject of the Russian Federation.

      in the American plans for the deployment of forces and means in the "threatening period" - there are three strike groups of submarines (3-4 boats in each), deployed in the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea. Where to turn around in August-September, judging by the maps (second and third), there is a place. And they will "bomb" strategic objects in the depths of the country both with missiles in the normal state and with cruise missiles.


  • Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 29 January 2021 15: 53
    +2
    "Oh, these storytellers" .. Everything is very simple. It's about money. The West "hates", so that the wiring is essentially free for a symbolic price. Russia presented tariffs. Expensive. From here and howl. And everything else.
  • BAI
    BAI 29 January 2021 16: 20
    +3
    Ensuring the safety of the Northern Sea Route in these areas is directly related to the further increase in the defense power of Russia in the Arctic region through the development of anti-missile and air defense systems, anti-submarine warfare, an increase in the number of its own submarines and surface ships, and the strengthening of the potential of aviation and coastal defense forces.

    An article from some slogans. The General Staff knows better what to do.
  • Doccor18
    Doccor18 29 January 2021 17: 18
    +1
    It is planned to deploy the Seawolf-class nuclear submarines of the US Navy. If deployed in Norway, the American Sea Wolves will pose a serious threat to the security of the Northern Sea Route.

    Didn't you imagine before ..?
    Another potentially dangerous section of the Northern Sea Route from the point of view of military threats is located in its easternmost part, in the Chukotka region. It's not so far from the American continent ...

    The most dangerous thing for the NSR, the Russian naval base with SSBNs, and indeed for Russia, is not new bases, Sivulfs and "America's proximity", but a catastrophic shortage of nuclear submarines, PLO ships, naval missile-carrying and anti-submarine aircraft ...
  • NF68
    NF68 29 January 2021 17: 58
    +2
    The NSR is, first of all, a prospect for Russia in the interests of developing the coast of the Arctic Ocean. For other countries, the NSR is not so important and it is difficult to believe that the leading countries of the world will rush there to the north, abandoning the already mastered transport communications in the same Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • vladcub
    vladcub 29 January 2021 20: 16
    +2
    Ilya, specially went to the "Opinion" - looking for you. For some reason, history was forgotten
  • Petrik66
    Petrik66 5 February 2021 11: 13
    0
    What is this article about? A set of platitudes from the Marshal Evidence cycle.
    "Thus, the main threats to the Northern Sea Route are possible aggressive actions by the United States and NATO, in which submarines, missiles, and aviation can be involved in the first place, with a greater degree of probability. The most dangerous sections of the NSR are located at its beginning and in the end, that is - in the Murmansk region, in the Barents Sea, and in the Chukotka region - in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. In the first section, NATO focuses on submarines, in the second section - on missiles and aviation. "
    How could a man come up with such a thing7 This is a divine revelation !!!!! We thought that the main threat would be posed by the Eskimos with trained polar bears (Schweik warned about them "and combat narwhals trained at the base in Nikolaev (nenka). And here it is like !!!! Submarines and aviation! Who could to think. To the author 2.