Military Review

Russian space launches in 2020

69

Angara-A5 before test launch, December 2020


The Russian rocket and space industry remains on the list of world leaders, but its performance is far from desired. So, in 2020, our launch vehicles flew only 17 times - significantly less than in previous years. At the same time, the total number of launches in the world has grown significantly, which further reduces the share of the Russian industry in the overall statistics.

General indicators


In 2020, the world cosmonautics performed a total of 114 launches of carrier rockets of all current types. 104 starts were recognized as successful. In general terms, last year slightly surpasses 2019, when 102 launches took place, of which 96 were successful. At the same time, 2020 is generally similar to 2018 with its 114 starts and 111 successful launches.

Last year, the Chinese space industry was the most active. China has completed 39 launches, of which 35 were recognized as successful. The second place was taken by the United States with a minimal margin - 37 starts and 34 successful missions. The third line is occupied by the enterprises of "Roskosmos", which performed 17 launches, incl. one test. All Russian starts were successful. Other countries and international organizations failed to cross the 10 launches line last year.


Last year's only launch of Proton-M, July 30

Once again, the American company SpaseX showed great success. It has completed 25 launches of its Falcon 9 launch vehicle over the past year - all successful. In second place among the carrier rockets are products of the Soyuz-2 family - Soyuz-2.1a / b and Soyuz-ST-A. It is also necessary to note 11 successful launches of the Chinese Changzheng-2 missiles of three modifications.

Russian starts


On December 14, 2020, the most important event took place in stories Russian cosmonautics. An Angara-A5 launch vehicle with a Briz-M upper stage and a mass and size payload model took off from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. This would be the second launch in the framework of flight design tests of a new heavy launch vehicle. The launch was recognized as successful, which allows further testing and brings the start of full-fledged operation closer.

The completion of the operation of the Proton-M rockets is approaching, and the number of their launches is gradually decreasing. Last year only one Proton-M flew. On July 30, such a rocket was launched from Baikonur and put two communication satellites into geostationary orbit.


Soyuz-2.1a with Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft, April 2020

The main work was again taken over by the Soyuz-2 series launch vehicles. Their launches were carried out from the beginning of February to the end of December. Roskosmos conducted six launches at the Baikonur cosmodrome, and the same number was performed from Plesetsk. On December 18, the only launch from Vostochny took place, and in December, two were performed at the site of the Guiana Space Center.

The Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket was used most actively - eight launches throughout the year. Depending on the characteristics of the mission and the payload, the upper stages "Fregat" and "Fregat-M" were used with it. The Soyuz-2.1a missiles performed only five flights and delivered spacecraft to the ISS in four. Twice the missiles were carried by the manned Soyuz-MS and twice by the cargo Progress. The carriers of the Soyuz-ST-A specialized modification started from the Kuru cosmodrome, as before.

Load features


With the exception of the experimental Angara-A5, all Russian launch vehicles last year delivered various cargoes into orbit. Thus, within the framework of the ISS program, four missions were carried out with cargo in the form of manned and cargo ships. The task of all other launches was to launch spacecraft.


Rocket "Soyuz-2.1b" with satellite "Glonass-M" on the transporter, March 2020

Some of last year's launches were for military or dual purposes. During the year, Soyuz-2 sent into orbits two Glonass-M / K navigation satellites, one apparatus of the Tundra unified space system, and a Meridian-M communications satellite. It is also necessary to note the launch of the only experimental nanosatellite platform "Era-1" or "Cosmos-2548".

Several times Russian launch vehicles launched a whole set of domestic and foreign vehicles into orbits. So, on September 28, Soyuz-2.1b with the Fregat block sent three new Gonets-M communication satellites into space, and with them 19 Cubsats from seven countries, including several domestic products. On December 3, the Gonets-M system grouping was replenished in a similar way, and the experimental Eru-1 was brought out. Last year's only "Proton-M" carried two satellites of the "Express" series.

In 2020, with the help of Russian missiles, the full deployment of the OneWeb satellite constellation began. On February 7 and March 21, 34 vehicles were simultaneously sent into orbit into orbit. Another 36 were withdrawn in mid-December.


Launch of OneWeb satellites on Soyuz-2.1b rocket, February 7, 2020

It should be noted that the plans for the withdrawal of OneWeb satellites were far from being fully implemented. During the year, it was supposed to carry out 12 launches with 30-36 satellites on each rocket. However, the general crisis phenomena of the past year and the processes of temporary bankruptcy of OneWeb led to a sharp reduction in plans. However, in the near future the launches will be resumed and, probably, will allow catching up with the previously adopted schedule.

Reasons for reduction


Against the background of a number of competitors, the activities of the Russian rocket and space industry last year look very worthy. However, in dynamics, Roskosmos's indicators look worse and show a downward trend. The observed negative processes have several main reasons of various kinds.

State structures, first of all, the military department, are always stable and profitable customers for the space industry. In developed countries, launches of military satellites make up a significant part of the total number of launches. This trend is also observed in Russia, but the volume of army orders remains small. Last year, our military took out only five spacecraft, including one experimental.

Russian cosmonautics retains a leading role in the International Space Station program. Last year, there were 11 flights to the ISS, and 4 were carried out using Russian technology. At the same time, the appearance of several new spacecraft has led to a certain reduction in the load on Progress and Soyuz. For comparison, in 2019, out of 14 missions, 7 were provided by Russian ships.


Launch of Soyuz-ST-A from the Kuru cosmodrome, December 29, 2020

In recent years, there has been a steady growth in the commercial launch market associated with general advances in launch vehicles and spacecraft. Competition between market participants is intensifying, lobbying and other specific factors take place. As a result, the structure of the market is changing, and a significant share goes to just one commercial contractor.

It should be noted that the numerical and financial indicators of the Russian cosmonautics last year could have been significantly higher. Previously, it was planned to conduct 12 commercial launches in the interests of OneWeb, but due to its problems, it was possible to complete only 3. If the customer company did not interrupt its activities, then Russia would be able to complete 25-26 launches - and accordingly increase its revenue.

Unclear prospects


The events of the past year and its results as a whole can be considered another manifestation of the well-known trends observed over the past several years. The space launch market is constantly growing, both with new customers and with the participation of developing contractors. At the same time, all enterprises in the industry are aimed at making profits and are taking all available measures.

The Russian space industry understands this situation, as a result of which new projects are being developed and proposed. Roskosmos enterprises create and test promising launch vehicles, and are also working on the appearance of the next generation complexes. Unfortunately, the real results of these works will be obtained only in the foreseeable future. How the situation in the field of space launches will change by this time is unknown.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Roskosmos, Arianspace SA
69 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. ares1988
    ares1988 29 January 2021 05: 25
    +10
    For the sake of fairness, in this informal competition, starts from national cosmodromes go to the "national classification". That is, 2 Union with Kuru should be considered an asset of ESA, not the Russian Federation.
    1. Crowe
      Crowe 29 January 2021 05: 39
      +30
      Well, these two "Soyuz with Kuru" have little effect on the overall picture. If since the beginning of the 2000s Russia has been leading in the number of space launches for a long time, including the commercial market of launch services and for the Proton-M and Soyuz rockets, as well as other Russian carriers accounted for more than 50% of all commercial launches in the world, then in 2012 there was the first decrease in the number of launches, and after 2014, the share of Russia gradually began to decline, since in 2013 American SpaceX began to "eat off" its orders. 3rd place for today. According to Alexander Khokhlov, a member of the North-Western Organization of the Russian Federation of Cosmonautics, Russian cosmonautics in the world market was subjected to "natural selection."
      “The Russian cosmonautics is in a state of deep crisis due to the fact that the Soviet reserve for launch vehicles, spacecraft, orbital stations is largely exhausted ... Virtually all [Soviet and] Russian space stations were lost ... It turned out that the Russian presence in deep space was simply stopped. It is now carried out exclusively within the framework of joint projects "

      Alexey Anpilogov.
      1. military_cat
        military_cat 29 January 2021 06: 16
        +5
        Quote: Crowe
        Russian cosmonautics on the world market was subjected to "natural selection"

        The sanctions also played a big role, I think. Previously, Russia regularly manufactured satellites for other countries in the format of an integrated service and launched them, but now there are problems with the competitiveness of commercial satellites due to the ban on the supply of foreign radiation-resistant electronics (as dual-use products).
        1. Civil
          Civil 29 January 2021 07: 03
          +17
          Let's go this way, it ends giant the groundwork for the Soviet space industry. First of all, the civil sector is forgiven like an Olympic bear.
          1. Cosm22
            Cosm22 29 January 2021 11: 01
            +8
            Exactly. For the country's leadership, the achievements of Russian cosmonautics have lost even their propaganda significance.
            You can recall Putin's pre-election speech. The same one that he pronounced on March 1, 2018 in front of the Federation Council.
            The leader clearly set priorities: military space is mentioned 43 times in it, civil space only once, and then in a historical context. Neither Roskosmos, nor the Moon, nor Mars, nor the cosmonauts were mentioned in the speech at all.
            With this attitude ... I am already silent about funding.
        2. ares1988
          ares1988 29 January 2021 10: 02
          +4
          In fact yes. It’s even surprising that, amid the sanctions, OneWeb decided to work with us and use the Unions.
          1. Cosm22
            Cosm22 29 January 2021 11: 09
            +2
            There is nothing surprising here.
            OneWeb is a direct competitor to Starlink, therefore, the company could not choose Falcon 9 as a carrier with its fantastic turnover of steps, cheapness and much more PN.
          2. military_cat
            military_cat 29 January 2021 13: 13
            +5
            Quote: ares1988
            In fact yes. It’s even surprising that, amid the sanctions, OneWeb decided to work with us and use the Unions.

            Because the Vanweb satellites are made by Airbus. Problems with sanctions for OneWeb launches will begin in 2023 - Pentagon sanctions will take effect, and OneWeb will have to choose whether to launch Russian missiles or be able to sell its communications services to the American public sector.
            1. eklmn
              eklmn 30 January 2021 20: 09
              -2
              ... or be able to sell their communications services to the American public sector.

              Russia said the OneWeb communication service was banned on its territory - both the military and Russian censorship were against. The rest of the world will buy her services. It will compete well with Starlink, resulting in lower service costs.
    2. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 29 January 2021 05: 54
      0
      Quote: ares1988
      in this informal competition there are launches from national cosmodromes.

      And what do the spaceports have to do with it? Rockets take off. Spaceports remain in place
      And they buy rockets to deliver their cargo
      1. donavi49
        donavi49 29 January 2021 10: 16
        +10
        Well, then it will still be more foggy. ArianSpace acts as an operator of launches not only from Kuru, but also the launch of the OneWeb group. They take off the margin, buy a rocket from the Republic of Kazakhstan, and related services, but in fact this is the launch of the French company ArianSpace, which also deals with legal support, insurance and other things. If the rocket fires, then Arian pays the money.


        And here is the official report of their launches for the year. Suddenly there are more than a couple of launches from Kuru wink
      2. Andrey.AN
        Andrey.AN 31 January 2021 08: 30
        0
        Spaceports provide unique orbits. When choosing the position of the cosmodrome, they look at the trajectories that will go from it, with the lowest energy consumption, which these trajectories will cover. Here Vostochny covers well all of Russia and Europe with one orbit, one satellite will work for three, and other orbits from it are profitable.
    3. military_cat
      military_cat 29 January 2021 05: 58
      +12
      For the sake of fairness, in this informal competition, starts from national cosmodromes go to the "national classification". That is, 2 Union with Kuru should be considered an asset of ESA, not the Russian Federation.

      You can count as you like, but the main thing is the same. And in this case, the author seems to have counted launches from Kuru to Russia, and 7 launches (6 successful) from New Zealand by the American company Rocket Lab - New Zealand.
      1. Cherry Nine
        Cherry Nine 29 January 2021 08: 13
        +15
        That's right, in Russia it's a tradition. It would be funny if Russia counted launches from Baikanur to Kazakhstan for symmetry. With RocketLab, Americans have 41 launches.

        It also does not hurt to add that all 3 American accidents are test launches of new light commercial launch vehicles, Launcher 1 and Astra. So RocketLab brings Americans the first real accident))
        1. donavi49
          donavi49 29 January 2021 10: 10
          +7
          Well, RL figured out the problem quickly. And they are quite good. This year we have already been shooting with the Chinese (!!!) - the European satellite for the Internet of things. Now even more data on the composition of dust and dirt from all kinds of Xiaomi vacuum cleaners will fall on the table of a comrade major in a big house wink wassat The next American satellite is being transported in February. In general, this year Electron will have a lot of lump load for the entire load capacity.

    4. nsm1
      nsm1 29 January 2021 06: 33
      +4
      Kuru is also in number 17
      15 unions, 1 hangar, 1 proton
      Table: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_units_in_2020_year
    5. Bar1
      Bar1 29 January 2021 06: 52
      +14
      what can you say? Ships are not needed: then an engineer, workers and the whole production are not needed. This state does not need science, space, or its own factories, but only grandmothers and villas with palaces on the Black Sea and on the Cote d'Azur.
    6. lwxx
      lwxx 29 January 2021 07: 28
      +5
      For the sake of completeness, it would be nice to indicate the total tonnage of the cargo put into orbit. Although I think not much that will change.
      1. Blackmokona
        Blackmokona 29 January 2021 08: 39
        +10
        Will change greatly in favor of the United States, heavy Falcon-9s, driven to capacity by Starlinks, made up most of the world's PN into space.
    7. Yurahip
      Yurahip 29 January 2021 08: 55
      -12%
      Better less, but better ... V. I. Lenin.
    8. mister-red
      mister-red 29 January 2021 11: 48
      +5
      For the sake of fairness, in this informal competition, starts from national cosmodromes go to the "national classification". That is, 2 Union with Kuru should be considered an asset of ESA, not the Russian Federation.

      Are you serious? Then all launches from Baikonur will be the asset of Kazakhstan.
      Kazakhstan is the third most launched space power ?!
  2. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 29 January 2021 05: 39
    +20
    The Russian space industry understands this situation, as a result of which new projects are developed and proposed.

    I understand the situation in such a way that management (production management) cannot replace the creation of production, the development of technologies, etc. That is why the Russian economy cannot show significant acceleration where accounting brains and speculative acumen play no role.
    1. nsm1
      nsm1 29 January 2021 06: 36
      +7
      Agree to 100%
      Economists, even without an initial understanding of production, are weights on our feet, the enemies of the country in fact ...
    2. sleeve
      sleeve 29 January 2021 06: 36
      +4
      Quite right. Management is, of course, an important and fundamental thing. If you have something to steer of course. But development itself cannot be replaced by leadership ... even three times correct. As soon as it becomes the only option in the industry-cranks.
      1. Bar1
        Bar1 29 January 2021 06: 57
        -8
        Quote: sleeve
        Management is, of course, an important and fundamental thing.


        in the USSR there was no management, but the USSR was ALWAYS ahead of everyone in space. So, according to you, the "foundation" of management is the reason for the lag of this country in space and space technologies. Therefore, do not confuse cause and effect.
        1. sleeve
          sleeve 29 January 2021 10: 02
          +5
          There was no management? Seriously??!! And what is "management" in your opinion)) ???
          1. Bar1
            Bar1 29 January 2021 10: 03
            -7
            managers are not who create, but those who sell. It makes a big difference.
            1. sleeve
              sleeve 29 January 2021 10: 19
              +6
              Yeah ... I thought it was the organizers of the process. Well, like Beria at 41-42 for the evacuation or at 43 for the atomic project. Krzhizhanovsky on GOELRO. Korolev in space.
              Well yes, the values ​​change. Though the meaning should remain. That’s about trading, you very rightly noticed ... That’s what became the main thing. It's a pity you can't swear.
              1. Bar1
                Bar1 29 January 2021 10: 27
                -3
                Quote: sleeve
                Krzhizhanovsky on GOELRO. Korolev in space.

                Krzhizhanovsky and Korolev themselves were specialists with their own business. Well, Beria is a brilliant organizer and got it.
                1. sleeve
                  sleeve 29 January 2021 11: 49
                  +3
                  With Krzhizhanovsky as with electrical engineering, it is a little controversial. And Korolev, as a "specialist", did he graduate by specialty? The profession was ordered to live long. It happens. Even trade was turned into a huckster. But the same art ... was.
                  1. Bar1
                    Bar1 29 January 2021 11: 59
                    0
                    Quote: sleeve
                    And Korolev as a "specialist" is he what university by specialty


                    you would not argue from scratch, but at least looked into reference books.

                    Having entered the Kiev Polytechnic Institute in 1924 in the profile of aviation technology, Korolev mastered general engineering disciplines in it in two years and became an athlete-glider. In the fall of 1926, he transferred to the Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School (MVTU).

                    During his studies at the Moscow Higher Technical School, S.P.Korolev has already gained fame as a young talented aircraft designer and experienced glider pilot. On November 2, 1929, on the Firebird glider designed by M. K. Tikhonravov, Korolev passed the exams for the title of “Soaring Pilot”, and in December of the same year, under the direction of Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev, he defended his thesis - the project of the SK-4 aircraft. The aircraft designed and built by him - the gliders "Koktebel", "Krasnaya Zvezda" and the light aircraft SK-4,


                    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Королёв,_Сергей_Павлович

                    Quote: sleeve
                    With Krzhizhanovsky as with electrical engineering is a little controversial


                    In 1907-1909 - fitter, engineer, head of the cable network of the Electric Lighting Society of 1886 in St. Petersburg, keeper of the party treasury.
                    In 1909 - wrote the first scientific and technical work "On the nature of electric current."
                    Scientific and technical activities
                    From 1910 to 1912 he was in charge of the electrical cable network in Moscow. In the 1910s, he led the construction of power plants in the Moscow region, put forward the idea of ​​building a hydroelectric power station near Saratov (1913). Participated in the design and construction of the first regional power plant in Russia - the Peat Power Plant Elektroperechaya and in 1912-1922 was its head.
                    Since the 1910s. worked and lived in the house number 30 on Sadovnicheskaya Street in Moscow. The office of the Electric Lighting Society of 1886 was located here. It occupied the entire 2nd floor, where his apartment was located: a study, an extensive library.

                    November 21, 1915 - Report at a meeting on coal and peat near Moscow "Regional electrically

                    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Кржижановский,_Глеб_Максимилианович
                    1. sleeve
                      sleeve 29 January 2021 15: 33
                      +1
                      That's it, that's it. Aviation technician, glider pilot. The second was in charge, but his career started after the revolution. That's right, dear. But Sergei Pavlovich never studied rocket science, and even more so the organization of a scientific and scientific-production complex out of the blue, at zero in the truest sense of the word. Brilliant and that's it. Gleb Maximilianovich certainly understood the subject of electricity, and with his hands. But how many electrical engineers do you know offhand (fingers of your hand at least a hundred years of time), that you were able in conditions of devastation and practically zero production dynamics (technology, materials, equipment), you managed to assemble a team, deploy mass construction, and systematically approach the placement and deployment capacities. Genius! A decisive, responsible genius, just like Korolev, neither by rumor nor spirit about the subject of his main efforts. These are the managers. I am certainly not saying that something epic is needed now. But what is interesting is that now they are trying to teach this very "management". And then comes the bargaining, well, the psychological games with personnel. That's what happened and about S.P. Korolev and G.M. Krzhizhanovsky. Perhaps you misunderstood? By the way, if you use Wiki, then not a sophisticated reader will get the impression that G.M. got to the example of Mosset in 1910 along the "party" line)))
                      1. Bar1
                        Bar1 29 January 2021 16: 20
                        -4
                        and nothing that there were no missiles then? Especially with liquid fuel engines?

                        If Sergey Pavlovich had been told about him by a manager, he would have immediately got one like this in a melon, because the managers lost to the general designer Korolev in all respects, along with the "first" von Braun. And if not for Brezhnev's betrayal, then we would be on the moon in reality , not pin_dosam na mune in their dreams.
                      2. sleeve
                        sleeve 29 January 2021 17: 00
                        +2
                        There were rockets then. Liquid, yes, not enough. True, Tsialkovsky back in 1905 "supplemented" his project of an interplanetary rocket with an argument for liquid oxygen and hydrogen as fuel. "Manager" he probably would not understand. I don't remember if I spoke English, but the "manager" would probably have been clear to him. Although he considered himself just a designer. And then, sorry, I didn't understand ...
                      3. Bar1
                        Bar1 29 January 2021 17: 01
                        -3
                        have you heard of the American lunar scam?
                      4. sleeve
                        sleeve 29 January 2021 17: 04
                        +2
                        Have you heard ... Somehow strained. If not for the pictures of the modules on the Moon, then it would be quite possible to speculate ...
                      5. sleeve
                        sleeve 29 January 2021 17: 06
                        +2
                        but I'm just for the scam.
                      6. Bar1
                        Bar1 29 January 2021 17: 07
                        -3
                        Alexander Popov read EVERYTHING here.
                        https://www.manonmoon.ru
                      7. sleeve
                        sleeve 29 January 2021 17: 44
                        +2
                        Truth? "Alexander Popov" is about everything? This is how progress has stepped far ...
                      8. Bar1
                        Bar1 29 January 2021 18: 46
                        -2
                        just so, straight.
  • Rakovor
    Rakovor 29 January 2021 11: 32
    +4
    In general, selling is marketing, and management is just management. I would google chtol before writing nonsense.))
    1. Bar1
      Bar1 29 January 2021 11: 35
      -3
      Quote: Rakovor
      In general, selling is marketing, and management is just management. I would google chtol before writing nonsense.))


      not dude selling is merchandising and management is sales and financial management.
      Here they are all together, all this shobla must be dropped and then we will again have the first place in space exploration.
      1. Rakovor
        Rakovor 29 January 2021 11: 40
        +1
        I agree, I’m hurt, layout is advertising, but a manager is purely a manager, and in the USSR they were just called differently. And the fact that now we have bad managers is another matter.
        1. Bar1
          Bar1 29 January 2021 11: 42
          -2
          Quote: Rakovor
          And the fact that now we have bad managers is another matter.


          we have them very good, which is why we have such a high place in the world in terms of launches.
    2. sleeve
      sleeve 29 January 2021 11: 50
      0
      Yes, let it be. A person argues, it's already good. Knowledge can be acquired ... If you wish, of course.
  • bandabas
    bandabas 29 January 2021 06: 50
    +2
    You are right, because in our country the economy in all sectors (not only in space) is ruled not by economists in a professional sense, but by "talented menegars" whose brains play into their pockets. But in words, everything is fine. And, they have enough speculative grasp, that's for sure.
  • Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 29 January 2021 05: 44
    +11
    An article like, everything is fine, everything is going according to plan, in the foreseeable future we will have another breakthrough. smile
    1. 7,62h54
      7,62h54 29 January 2021 07: 03
      +4
      No time to swing, we have a lot of work to do ...
  • bad
    bad 29 January 2021 06: 52
    +19
    Of course, it doesn't add optimism ...
  • Ilya098
    Ilya098 29 January 2021 06: 54
    -4
    I would like to note that since 2018 there has not been a single accident with the launch vehicle, since the system of product quality control at the enterprises has been rebuilt. Well done.
    One year is great, two years is already a trend
    Here is a video with the results of the year from Rogozin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXNIZ83tPsw
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 29 January 2021 07: 15
      +8
      Quote: Ilya098
      Here is a video with the results of the year from Rogozin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXNIZ83tPsw

      It's enough for me that Roscosmos planned 33 launches. And what kind of noodles Rogozin rolls - I don't want to know. I suppose, in addition to problems in the form of sanctions, the caranavirus also added. Something for this year is not heard what they are planning there, except for 10 launches of the Union for foreign partners.
      1. Ilya098
        Ilya098 29 January 2021 08: 13
        +1
        this year it is not heard what they are planning there, except for 10 launches of the Union for foreign partners

        It was not just heard, but rumbled. Everything "except for 10 launches of the union for foreign partners" in the studio:
        February 2 - launch for the Ministry of Defense from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. The long-awaited fifth electronic intelligence satellite Lotos-C No. 5
        February 15 - Progress launch
        February 28 - meteorological satellite Arktika-M No. 1
        March - in addition to foreign devices, there will be 5 Russian satellites
        April 9 - launch of the union
        June 30 - start of progress
        July 15 - Another long-awaited launch, the science module will go to the ISS, it is already at Baikonur and has passed 80% of the tests, for those who doubt it is at Baikonur- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp7hNv49qU4
        2nd quarter - Resurs-P
        2nd quarter - launch of hangars from MMG
        3rd quarter - Obzor-R # 1
        October 1 - Luna 25, mission: return to the moon and the world's first landing at the moon's south pole.
        October 5 - launch of the Union
        October 28 - Progress
        October - satellite Meteor-M
        November 24 - Progress
        December 8 - launch of the Union
        4th quarter - Angara1.2 with MMG
        4th quarter - satellites Ionosphere
        4th quarter - satellites Express
        4th quarter - Kondor-FCA No. 1 for the Ministry of Defense
        These will be launches with Russian load, I did not include launches for foreign customers in the list. Or are you talking about them
        I don't want to know
        ?
        also added the caranavirus

        Believe it or not, he added - 0:42, Kovid created serious problems in the entire industry, not only in Russia, the payload that was supposed to be launched was simply not done due to the lockdown.
        ExoMars has been postponed to the next launch window due to quarantine in Europe. About "operational necessity" Glonassov said a hundred times, the topic is hackneyed, read. If you don't want to listen to Rogozin - don't listen, but then don't speak -
        Something for this year is not heard, what are they planning there
        1. NDR-791
          NDR-791 29 January 2021 08: 30
          +11
          These will be launches with Russian load
          I counted 19. Right? So we will write it down, we will count it at the end of the year.
          1. Ilya098
            Ilya098 29 January 2021 10: 35
            -4
            On the list of 20 launches, it is not a prophecy or almanac from the future with precise dates. If you noticed, this includes only already planned launches, for example, the launch of the Luna-25 is scheduled for October 1, but if there are any problems, let's say more tests are needed, or there were rumors about RTGs 2 years ago, then it will have to be postponed. Another inaccurate point is the launches of manufactured Glonass (the mentioned operational necessity), they are not on the list, but if any satellite in orbit fails, launching a replacement for this satellite will give another point to the Russian cosmonautics.
            1. NDR-791
              NDR-791 29 January 2021 10: 47
              +8
              Rogozin in 2018. promised Putin 45 launches in 2019... So he said: “Vladimir Vladimirovich, 45 launches are to be launched - an increase of more than two times. The workload is great, but I think we can handle it. "
              And where is it ??? If you haven’t seen this reportage from the president’s office or don’t remember, then I’m ready to search and post it. And already outright lies about 22 launches in 2018. with a real number of 17 .... And why should I believe such plans after that?
              If you noticed, this includes only already planned launches
              It would be nice if someone remembered that "Plan is law, fulfillment is duty!"
        2. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 29 January 2021 08: 38
          +4
          Quote: Ilya098
          These will be launches with Russian load, I did not include launches for foreign customers in the list.

          29 in total? Let's remember. And next year we will count.
        3. military_cat
          military_cat 29 January 2021 08: 53
          +6
          Quote: Ilya098
          Believe it or not, he added - 0:42, Kovid created serious problems in the entire industry, not only in Russia, the payload that was supposed to be launched was simply not done due to the lockdown.

          But the number of launches in the United States and China has increased compared to 2019.

          Quote: Ilya098
          ExoMars postponed to next launch window due to quarantine in Europe.

          Here are just three other missions to Mars in 2020 (the United States, China and the Emirates) flew off normally and on schedule.
          1. Ilya098
            Ilya098 29 January 2021 10: 29
            -5

            But the number of launches in the United States and China has increased compared to 2019.

            But these countries are now not fulfilling contracts with OneWeb, moreover, it is going through bankruptcy proceedings. These two factors did not allow the Vanwebs to make the vehicles on time, Roscosmos is not at all to blame here, the rockets are ready for launch, waiting for the load, but there is none.

            Here are just three other missions to Mars in 2020 (the United States, China and the Emirates) flew off normally and on schedule.

            Here are just the American Mars-2020 was manufactured in 2019 and was preparing for shipment, that is, the coronavirus infection did not catch its production, the rover from the Middle Kingdom was also tested before the world lockdown, it could lose a ticket to the red planet only because of the problem of the rocket, but it cost ... Exomars, on the other hand, experienced all the hardships of covid time, and had to interrupt the tests of the rover (it is from ESA), since everyone was sitting at home. By the way, the scientific equipment of the mission is represented mainly by Russian samples, and they were ready already in January 20th.
            1. Cosm22
              Cosm22 29 January 2021 11: 32
              +2
              "... the rockets are ready for launch, waiting for the load, but there is none."
              Those. Is the state of the Russian cosmonautics such that it cannot produce PN in the required volume even for its own purposes? Strange ... The same Musk, in the absence of foreign orders, for some reason perfectly manages the volumes of his PN, produced, by the way, at his own enterprises. And for some reason, the lack of PN does not affect the number of SpaceX launches.
              1. Ilya098
                Ilya098 1 February 2021 08: 08
                0
                I beg your pardon, have you read what I wrote?
                These two factors did not allow the Vanwebs to make the devices on time.
                OneWeb has a contract Roskosmos is obliged to fulfill it as soon as there are devices, but they are not, I am writing again - Roscosmos does not make Vanwebu devices. For example, imagine you are building a house, hiring workers, buying building materials and a plot. The workers are waiting for you at the site along with the materials, but you are gone for a week, a month, or 2 months. And so the workers, led by Rogozin, privatize your site and build a house there for themselves. I repeat once again - these missiles were made specifically for this mission, and now, let's imagine a situation, vanweb made devices and you don't have a ph, because you spent them on yourself, you will have to pay a penalty, your reputation among potential customers will deteriorate and there will be even fewer contracts. + This move will finally finish off OneWeb.
        4. Cosm22
          Cosm22 29 January 2021 11: 21
          +3
          The planned (this is the key word) list of launches of the state Roscosmos is, of course, impressive.
          It would be possible, in contrast to this, to lay out the planned list of launches for 2021 at least one private owner, but this will take up a lot of space. For SpaceX has more than 40 such launches.
        5. Bar1
          Bar1 29 January 2021 17: 17
          +3
          Quote: Ilya098
          Believe it or not, he added - 0:42, Kovid created serious problems in the entire industry, not only in Russia, the payload that was supposed to be launched was simply not done due to the lockdown.


          Why does Lukashenka have this virus infection on the economy in no way?
          -Who wants looking for a way, who doesn't want to look for a reason.
    2. Cosm22
      Cosm22 29 January 2021 11: 13
      +2
      No accidents happened due to the catastrophically small number of launches.
      Double the number of starts and the risk of accidents increases.
      1. military_cat
        military_cat 29 January 2021 14: 44
        +1
        Not really. The series of trouble-free launches that is now continuing - it is really long not only in time, but also in the number of launches in pieces. In Roskosmos, of course, everything is not very good, but I see no reason not to notice the positive that has been done after all.
        1. Cosm22
          Cosm22 29 January 2021 15: 44
          +2
          Those. the positive in astronautics is the absence of accidents?
          Possible.
          If you do not create new carriers, new spacecraft, new engines. And use only the mighty Soviet groundwork.
          But for me, the positive is progress. Including in astronautics.
          These are new ideas, concepts, materials, assembly and welding methods.
          You can, of course, still sit on the royal heritage, exploiting its "seven", only changing the alphanumeric indices in the name "Union".
          Someone, apparently, suits.
          Me - no. It's a shame to see the backs of China and the United States on the space path.
          1. Ilya098
            Ilya098 1 February 2021 08: 06
            0
            Okay, then let's change the names of promising missiles, Soyuz-5 -> Irtysh, Soyuz-7 -> Amur, Baikal -> Wing-SV, do you feel the rush of progress? You don't want to say that Soyuz-5 and Soyuz-7 are R-7 with a different name? These are not just names, every working day our fellow citizens are engaged in their development. For me, the positive in astronautics is not only progress and trouble-free operation, but the availability of work so that it is up to its throat and does not have to unload the cars after a hard day. Even a deep modernization of Soyuz-U, even a new methane reusable one, even a nuclear tug, if only yesterday's engineers did not sell oranges in the markets. Another positive thing is the influx of young people, in universities related to space, the competition for a place is increasing, so the best can be selected. About trouble-free, if a couple of years ago we were steadily losing missiles, then over the past 26 months about fifty successful launches without accidents, Rogozin says that they have rebuilt quality control, do not believe him, okay, let's then assume that this is just a bad worker Vasya in hard drinking and no one to make mistakes, but trouble-free should still please, right? In conclusion, I would like to leave the statement of the author of the tg-channel "Contact of lifting", he put it very aptly.
            The neighbor is always better. "China has 39 launches, so they are great." Wait a minute, they have 4 bad starts. Now imagine that we would have made 39 launches, but with four failures. And everyone would say: "China has only 15 launches, but not a single accident, here they are great." And we have two years of accident-free and everyone began to take it for granted.
  • 7,62h54
    7,62h54 29 January 2021 07: 02
    +2
    An article to support Rogozin's report to Putin? When will the report be?
  • Lad
    Lad 30 January 2021 00: 06
    +1
    The article also says that a number of accidents are accidents of new media on test launches. The probability of their accident is much higher. But there is no progress without new carriers.

    And regarding launches this year in Russia, one of them has already been canceled and postponed to March, it seems. The van web was supposed to display satellites.
  • Andrey.AN
    Andrey.AN 31 January 2021 08: 40
    0
    If Americans still fly on Russian-made engines, then everything is in order. Race is something to arrange. We need to launch as many as we will launch stably, so as not to screw up cooperation.