Military Review

The issue of the country's technological viability: Russian aviation gas turbine engines

27

The issue of the country's technological viability is determined, among other things, by the ability to create various kinds of modern, economical and at the same time powerful engines. These are engines for civilian sea vessels and warships, for aviationincluding civil airliners and fighters.


Over the decades since the collapse of the USSR, Russia had to use exclusively Soviet groundwork in the field of aircraft engine building. The engines of Russian development were simply absent, and many employees of the industry did not even hope that the industry itself would perk up. And this, fortunately, is happening.

One of the signs that Russia has returned to the ranks of the largest countries in terms of the ability to create its own aircraft engines is the work on the PD-14. These are civilian turbofan engines with great prospects. Today these engines are used to equip the latest Russian MS-21 airliners. It is planned that the package of orders for these power plants for aviation facilities will only grow.

A new series dedicated to engines is being released in the Military Acceptance program at the Zvezda shopping center. At the same time, despite the name of the program, it is about civilian engines for aviation - about gas turbine power plants.

27 comments
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 27 January 2021 11: 37
    +1
    30 years !!! fellow Liked...
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 27 January 2021 11: 38
    +9
    Unfortunately, I have no education related to aviation. But in the transmission "military acceptance", recently, I was very disappointed ...
    1. nsm1
      nsm1 27 January 2021 11: 46
      +3
      It seems that the MC-21 testers were pulled out of retirement.
      Pichal ...
      1. seti
        seti 27 January 2021 12: 27
        0
        Quote: nsm1
        It seems that the MC-21 testers were pulled out of retirement.
        Pichal ...

        Judging by the orthography with the Square you write? Think what you want, but if you brainwash then Soviet designers and engineers should now be 75-90 years old ... So if they took part in the latest developments / tests so in negligible numbers. The new generation naturally exists, but it is not advertised on every corner and liberal channels are not interested in them. Other "news" is interesting there.
        The video is excellent and the Military Acceptance keep it up!
        1. nsm1
          nsm1 27 January 2021 12: 40
          -6
          Pichal, pichalka - for fun!
          It's strange that you don't know this ...
          Where are you from?
          I am almost sure that from the "far abroad" and how we do not know ...
        2. vvnab
          vvnab 27 January 2021 15: 09
          -3
          if you use your brains, then Soviet designers and engineers should now be 75-90

          It is quite possible to assume that this is so.
          http://rosna.spb.ru - разработка нестандартных инжиниринговых решений. Средний возраст в отделе разработки > 70 лет. Так-то вот... (
          And this is a private commercial office! So the problem with young professionals is real. And if you think about it, it cannot be otherwise. Brain drain is a common problem of countries with "developing economies" (why "developing", if it is not developing - I xs ...). And no calls and slogans can solve it. "The fish is looking where it is deeper, and the man - where is better"
          1. earlian
            earlian 28 January 2021 11: 41
            +3
            Why lie: "The staff of the company is about 80 graduates with extensive experience in their specialization - they are engineers, mechanics, technologists, electronics engineers, hydraulics, programmers, designers, as well as highly qualified repairmen and electricians. We managed to collect in one a team of both experienced engineers and to attract fresh forces - graduates of St. Petersburg technical universities: St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University (Polytech), Baltic State Technical University "Voenmech", St. Petersburg Institute of Mechanical Engineering (VTUZ), etc., cooperation with which it provides us with an influx of young specialists who are ready to realize themselves in the field of industrial engineering.The company is interested in the professional growth of employees, therefore it regularly organizes training in specialized courses.Many of our specialists have certificates of advanced training, both in Russia and abroad m.

            Vacancies
            There are currently no vacancies. "
            1. vvnab
              vvnab 28 January 2021 16: 04
              -1
              First-hand infa. We recently collaborated with them, one of the leaders said. There are young people, of course, but mostly "in the wings". But in the design, only old people sit. They sit well, do not complain, do not rush to leave. But if there were someone to replace, they would be replaced. Maybe he lied, of course, but why?
        3. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 28 January 2021 08: 28
          -1
          Judging by the opтDo you write ographs from the Square?

          Soviet designers and engineersиneram

          Dear, the comment seems to be correct, but if it is about literacy, then, highly likely, you yourself also write from the same place.
          1. seti
            seti 29 January 2021 11: 32
            +2
            I just wrote from my phone.
    2. military_cat
      military_cat 27 January 2021 11: 53
      -1
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      But in the transmission "military acceptance", lately, I was very disappointed ...
      It turned out that everything has analogues in the world?
      1. DMB_95
        DMB_95 27 January 2021 12: 36
        0
        [/ right] [center] [right] [center] [/ center]
        [/ Center]
        Quote: military_cat
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        But in the transmission "military acceptance", lately, I was very disappointed ...
        It turned out that everything has analogues in the world?

        Some Acceptance has become not very Military. MS-21 ??? And, PD-14 is the very aircraft engine that was created "thanks" to the death of the magnificent NK-93. Bolivar did not want to drag two ...
        1. nsm1
          nsm1 27 January 2021 13: 12
          +3
          Quote: DMB_95
          created "thanks" to the death of the magnificent NK-93
          Something seems to me that the rumors of death are exaggerated! wink
          Perhaps I am mistaken, but the NK-93 had problems with noise ...
          1. DMB_95
            DMB_95 27 January 2021 13: 24
            +2
            So, for a military aircraft, noise is not the main indicator. And in 30 years new materials and technologies have appeared.
            1. Simargl
              Simargl 27 January 2021 19: 27
              +5
              NK-93 will not take off!
              Modern turbo-ventilators are practically equal to propeller-ventilators in terms of fuel efficiency, and in other parameters they have always exceeded them. So while the NK-93 is at war with noise, the turbo-fan will bypass it in terms of fuel efficiency and ... that's it ...
              ... an engine 50 years behind.
        2. Elturisto
          Elturisto 29 January 2021 13: 35
          0
          Doesn't anything ring in your head? PD-14 grew out of the Soviet still PS-12 for the Yak-242 and it was made (PD-14 with MS-21) to cut the dough by soaking the Tu-204 SM to please Boeing.
  3. certero
    certero 27 January 2021 11: 46
    0
    It is not yet known how this engine meets modern requirements. but I really hope that they answer.
    1. seti
      seti 27 January 2021 12: 39
      +8
      Quote: certero
      It is not yet known how this engine meets modern requirements. but I really hope that they answer.

      Judging by the hysteria and diarrhea of ​​our "partners", he is still quite good. If there are minor flaws in it, I think they will be eliminated in a short time. After all, the country solved one of the most important problems - it created and built up in a short time, and under colossal presing, sanctions and pressure, the most difficult part - a modern civil turbofan engine with a takeoff thrust from 9 to 18 tons. Only a few countries have such.
      After all, PD-14 will be followed by others. Moreover, in a very different version for different tasks and not necessarily in aviation. The workings alone so that the terms will be greatly reduced. This is what drives our overseas and European "partners" to hysteria.
      1. businessv
        businessv 27 January 2021 12: 47
        +3
        Quote: seti
        This is what drives our overseas and European "partners" to hysteria.

        I wonder when you saw the "partners" in a calm state? As for me, they will be hysterical constantly and for any reason! smile
        1. antivirus
          antivirus 27 January 2021 13: 42
          +2
          even flights to Lat America, Venezuela and Cuba, partners toothache, Boeing Airbus.
          if they are allowed to enter Asia, the partners will have a gynecological operation, the "investors" will pull out the tonsils through XXXX. losing markets is not a human right.
  4. Ros 56
    Ros 56 27 January 2021 12: 09
    +6
    What can I say, planes fly, steamers run, trains run, which means they are technologically sound, and everything else is details. good hi
  5. Dimide
    Dimide 27 January 2021 12: 43
    +2
    Today I watched a video of testing an ion-plasma engine developed by FED and KhAI.
    Here is a high tech engine
  6. lopvlad
    lopvlad 27 January 2021 19: 54
    +3
    The engines of Russian development were simply absent, and many employees of the industry did not even hope that the industry itself would perk up. And this, fortunately, is happening.


    they were absent solely because in Russia the civil aircraft industry actually died. It was stupid in the West they bought their ready-made new aircraft and wrote off their old ones. The production of engines in any country comes to naught if the production of the equipment where these engines are used stops.
  7. John22
    John22 27 January 2021 20: 09
    0
    The engines will be fine-tuned and the planes will fly. Our planes. The age of the pilots is a lot of experience and reliability, since they lived to be gray.
    I wonder why the low-wing design was chosen for the Il-114, and not like the An-24, 26? Or vysokoplana operation revealed some negative, in addition to high ladders and high main landing gear.
    1. stepet
      stepet 27 January 2021 20: 39
      -7
      Quote: John22
      The engines will be fine-tuned and the planes will fly. Our planes.

      Who will bring?
      Where will the specialists come from if they NEVER existed and there are NO?
      1. Orkraider
        Orkraider 28 January 2021 16: 17
        +1
        NEVER was and NO?

        wink wink
        Do not tell me if they are directly never was not, then who developed the PS-90A and who has now developed the PD-14?
        I wonder if they formed by themselves?
    2. Eug
      Eug 29 January 2021 09: 39
      0
      An - 24 was actually made from the transport An-26, and there the low-wing plan is unrealistic, tk. They tend to lower the floor of the cargo compartment as low as possible, and there is simply no room for engines under the wing or the propeller. In addition, an air cushion is created under the wing of a low-wing aircraft during landing, allowing a slight decrease in landing speed. And you need to look at the relative position of the axes of thrust and the longitudinal axis of the aircraft - the closer they are, it is easier to compensate for balancing losses there. I suspect 114 has an advantage here.