Military Review

Not awarded with an award. In memory of border guard Pavel Kapinos

31
Not awarded with an award. In memory of border guard Pavel Kapinos

Russians don't give up



Border guard Pavel Kapinos was a brave and courageous guy. Served superbly, as expected. He guarded the border with due vigilance. He was an excellent tracker and a well-aimed sniper. Had many promotions from the outpost command.


When German troops invaded our land without declaring war at dawn on June 22, 1941, he - corporal, shooter of the 2nd outpost of the 1st commandant's office of the 17th Red Banner Brest frontier detachment of the NKVD troops, together with other defenders of the border, met the intruders with fire. He died just ten hours later.

No, the life of Pavel Kapinos was not cut short by an enemy bullet. He knew how to disguise himself well and fought to the last bullet. But they ran out of ammunition. And the brave fighter preferred death to captivity. For himself, he left this last patron.

But it is only according to church canons that suicides are considered sinners and do not even have funeral services. Moreover, what is he - Pavel Kapinos, a suicide. He simply did not understand what it was like to surrender to the enemy.

In the 60s of the last century, the Moscow publishing house "Young Guard" published the book "First volleys" by the Kazakh writer-border guard Sergei Martyanov. The publishers have embodied a truthful documentary study of the first hours of the war at the 2nd outpost into a brochure.

Pocket size. Paperback. She quickly disappeared from circulation. This is usually the case with books of this kind. You will hardly be able to find her now. Don't even try. If only in large libraries.


But now it is easier to do it on the Internet: the book in the public domain is fully laid out already on many sites. In my opinion, this is correct. Because we all should know exactly this historywritten by researchers who were not indifferent to those events.

Where can you find out the truth


The work of a talented prose writer from Yaroslavl, Sergei Martyanov, has always stood out for the better by the fact that the author, who had served for many years in the border troops, always took a document as a basis in his works.

He delved into the archives for a long time, looking for, at first glance, inconspicuous moments in the history of the border troops, which he then embodied in stories, stories, film scripts. So the writer came to the feat of Pavel Kapinos.


Yes, he was not the only one at the 2nd outpost to meet the enemy as befits a border warrior. Nearby were the same fearless colleagues. And smart, experienced commanders. Martyanov was looking for one of them - the head of the outpost, junior lieutenant Vasily Nikolaevich Gorbunov, for a long time. And yet I found it.

The veteran went through the entire war and lived in the 60s in the same Yaroslavl, where the writer himself was from. Together they went to Belarus, to the Brest region, to visit the battlefield after a little over twenty years. And there, among the charred ruins of his native outpost in the village of Novosyolki, Vasily Nikolaevich Gorbunov clearly remembered how it all happened ...

On June 21, in the evening, political commander Leonty Gorbachev and corporal Pavel Kapinos walked along the bank of the Western Bug and checked the border posts. They walked openly, not disguising themselves, and at some point noticed two bathers near the opposite bank.

Suddenly one of those splashing in the water swam to our shore. Not reaching forty meters, he shouted that on the 22nd at four in the morning Hitler would strike at the Soviet Union. And quickly swam back.

Unless help arrives in time


All the further time will be taken by endless checks of what he heard. Yes, the Nazis are concentrating untold forces on the other side of the Bug: a metallic clang, endless movement of cars at night, abrupt sounds of commands, flashes of searchlights.

And in the morning, on the opposite Polish side, there is always a quiet and level field with endless heaps of hay. What's under them? But maybe this is still a provocation, about which the border guards have been warned every now and then?

Nevertheless, Gorbunov prepared for any surprises: he sent reinforced detachments to the directions of the likely advance of the enemy, two hours before the start of the war he raised the personnel of the outpost on command:

"Outpost! In the gun! "

At dawn, the chief of the outpost urgently transferred most of the soldiers and members of the officer's families to an equipped blockhouse. It was still quiet, and the border guards, finding three saboteurs dressed in Red Army uniforms, destroyed them. But then it began ...

The dense shelling of the outpost did not inflict damage on the personnel of the border guards, only destroyed many of the buildings. Everyone was still alive. A fight ensued. Rifle shots, automatic and machine-gun bursts were heard everywhere.

The Nazis, crossing the water surface of the Bug on pontoons, did not particularly disguise themselves. But bumping into a dense fire, they were forced to lie down and crawl, like snakes, from one hillock to another. This was clearly not what they expected.

Corporals Pavel Kapinos and Ivan Buzin, as part of the squad, held the defense on the northwestern outskirts of Novosyolok. The border guards have rifles. Pavel, of course, has a telescopic sight. Easel machine gun, cartridges, equipped machine-gun belts and grenades.

It seems that everything is there, but there is not much. Unless help arrives in time ...

Only four pages ...


The museum fund of the State Institution “Memorial Complex“ Brest Fortress-Hero ”contains four ordinary pages filled with the fine handwriting of the border guard officer Gorbunov. They are dedicated to the feat of Pavel Kapinos, a black-haired, black-browed, tall boy from the Stavropol village of Preobrazhenskoye, who is called upon to guard the western border.


From the first minutes of the battle, the sniper Kapinos unmistakably selected the officers' figures among the advancing Fritzes through the telescopic sight and mercilessly destroyed them. One fell, the other. And immediately among the attackers - confusion, confusion.

Pavel changed position and silenced the enemy machine gun. A sniper bullet stuck in the eye socket of the Nazi. Kapinos crawled a little to the side, a shot - and the loader falls like a sack near the enemy mortar.

But the numerical superiority of the advancing machine gunners is evident. They are conducting a dense fire, you cannot raise your head. And fighters of the border are dying, dying. "Maxim" fell silent. And Pavel, putting his rifle aside, takes the control handle and presses the trigger.

Buzin helps him, directs the machine-gun belt. The ammunition runs out quickly, and Paul sends a friend for a new batch. The battle continues, but Buzin is still not there. The ring of attackers shrinks around Paul.

Yes, where are you, Ivan, why did it take so long?

But Buzin, mowed down by a burst of automatic weapons, dies in the roadside grass. He never made it to the outpost. The last machine-gun belt has been shot. The grenades are used up.

Pavel takes up the rifle again. There was only one cartridge left. Shot…


Survived units


Late in the evening, when the skirmish died down, and the enemy orderlies began to collect the dead Fritzes, a local resident Alexei Panevsky, watching from hiding, counted the killed Nazis who were being carried. There were more than fifty of them.

Cars with corpses disappeared behind the outskirts of the village. And only then did Alexei go up to Pavel. He took Kapinos's documents and letters from his tunic pockets, and then buried him in a small trench, the last safe hideout of a brave border guard.

Panevsky did the same with the other killed soldiers. A few years later, in 1948, their remains will be reburied in a mass grave.

The museum archive of the Memorial Complex contains another document signed by Junior Lieutenant Vasily Gorbunov. This is a list of the dead border guards of the 2nd outpost. Together with those who came to them for help from the commandant's office, during ten hours of defense, 52 defenders of the border were killed in that battle.


Only a few survived. Together with the head of the outpost and members of the officers' families, they were able to leave. For many of them, the fate of the war was pretty bad. Someone survived. And Gorbunov himself ended the war in Berlin as a captain.

Two decades after the war, thanks to the books of Sergei Martyanov, his fellow countrymen in the Stavropol region learned about the feat of Pavel Kapinos. So in the villages of Preobrazhenskoe (Stavropol Territory) and Novosyolki (in Belarus), streets appeared, indicated on the map by his name.

Since 2006, Pavel Kapinos has been listed among others at the monument-stele in the city park in Budennovsk. And on June 22, 2017, a memorial plaque was unveiled in the native village of the border guard, perpetuating his memory.


The brother of the hero Nikolai Panteleevich Kapinos and the front-line border guard Ivan Obryaschenko.

Not allowed. So put it on!


And this is the question that involuntarily arises. The feat of the border guard is obvious. And there is even documentary evidence of this, written on behalf of the former head of the outpost Vasily Gorbunov.

But how is it that his heroic deed was not marked with an award?

Not then? Not later? Not now? When the year of the 75th anniversary of Victory is over.

The history of the Great Patriotic War knows examples when a soldier who alone destroyed 50 officers and soldiers with an ax and grenades was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

And for corporal Pavel Kapinos, I feel humanly offended.

It's a shame that this heroic boy was never noted by the Motherland.

And representatives of the Stavropol Territory Regional Branch of the Russian Council of Veterans of the Border Guard Service continue to refuse all their applications for rewarding Pavel Kapinos by the higher authorities every time.

"Not allowed",

They usually say.

And more:

"Before you had to think."

Or:

"There is no primary view."

What rewards were you thinking about then? When the Motherland is in danger ?!

Bureaucratic barriers are difficult to overcome.

Well, how can you prove the obvious to those who have settled in armchair trenches?

Unless, as in the famous song of Vladimir Vysotsky:

“And the rifle for you?

And send you into battle? "


Then such a clerk is unlikely to be on the front line? And, most likely, he will break into the run.

That's the whole story on this.
Author:
Photos used:
from the author's archive, kavkaz.mk.ru, belarus.by
31 comment
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  1. vladcub
    vladcub 30 January 2021 08: 25
    +10
    Eternal memory to the heroes
  2. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 30 January 2021 09: 26
    +3
    It's the first time I've heard about the writer Martyanov. I will definitely read it, thanks.
    How many more, nameless heroes, who simply fought, not for awards, but for the Motherland?
  3. iouris
    iouris 30 January 2021 10: 10
    +8
    Quote 1: "He died after only ten hours." End of quote 1.
    (In total!) As many as 10 (!) Hours.
    Quote 2: "... what is he - Pavel Kapinos, a suicide." End of quotation 2.
    (!! ??) Stop Earth, I want to get off !!
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 30 January 2021 10: 21
      +3
      That is why I did not comment on the article.
  4. sibiryouk
    sibiryouk 30 January 2021 12: 58
    -14%
    I rarely put pluses, I just don't understand this, but this article is about the hero-border guard !!!!! Now on TV, everyone is advertising a film about Zoya K. - who burned a barn near Moscow and received a hero posthumously, it would be better if her star and others like her would be given to such frontier HEROES, who from the first hour of the war showed the Germans that they would not have an easy one walks like in Europe!
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 30 January 2021 13: 11
      +12
      Quote: sibiryouk
      Now on TV everyone is advertising a film about Zoya K. - who burned a barn near Moscow and received the hero posthumously

      Well, in the movies they frankly lie - they even slander ... but why are you writing a commentary, but did you even bother with the real fate of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya? sabotage group is this nonsense for you?
      1. sibiryouk
        sibiryouk 30 January 2021 13: 39
        +1
        This is not nonsense, this is a feat, only a lot has been said about it already (I read several articles, watched 2 documentaries, and documents-reports). But about Tatyana Bauer, who spent 1,5 years in the German rear, transferred a lot of valuable intelligence information, personally destroyed several traitors, Gestapo agents and simply invaders, successfully recruited German servicemen (Czechs, Slovaks, Hungarians) and Ukrainian soldiers -na (not less than the company went to the partisans), and also took out weapons and medicines, one small book, and the Order of the Patriotic War, and then posthumously, after the publication of this book in the 50s. And you have heard a lot about other partisans, underground fighters (for example, about the group of A. Shumavtsev, he was 16 the same age as O. Koshevoy).
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 30 January 2021 13: 45
          +6
          Quote: sibiryouk
          just enough has been said about him already

          And what, it somehow belittles what the 18 year old girl did?
          Quote: sibiryouk
          And you have heard a lot about other partisans, underground workers (for example, about the group of A. Shumavtsev, he was 16 the same age as O. Koshevoy).

          How does this relate to your recommendation for a hero star?
          I wonder what you mean by "like her" ...
          1. sibiryouk
            sibiryouk 30 January 2021 13: 55
            0
            And so, of course, Kosmodemyanskaya for her feat is the Red Banner or the Red Star, and the border guard Kapinos is a Hero of the Soviet Union! and a bust at home, even after the war. We have a bronze bust of Chernenko in Novoselovo - and he spent the whole war in the deep rear at party positions, and studied at a party school (just during the Battle of Stalingrad).
            1. mat-vey
              mat-vey 30 January 2021 14: 02
              +10
              Quote: sibiryouk
              And so, of course, Kosmodemyanskaya for her feat is the Red Banner or the Red Star, and the border guard Kapinos is a Hero of the Soviet Union!

              I don't even think about how they can be divided, opposed, or compared by importance ...
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 30 January 2021 13: 53
      +7
      Quote: sibiryouk
      Now on TV everyone is advertising a film about Zoya K. - who burned a barn near Moscow and received a hero posthumously, it would be better if her star and her kind would be given to such border guards-HEROES

      You shouldn't be so. The main thing we now remember is Zoya and Pavel, they are heroes for us with the Star, or without it. And about how many we still do not know, even many lie in the ground without a grave.
      1. sibiryouk
        sibiryouk 30 January 2021 14: 08
        +1
        It is necessary to remember others, and by their names and their exploits! Too now, as in Soviet times, only a clip of well-known heroes is heard, about them and movies and articles, and about such as Kapinos only on highly specialized sites, apparently there is no money, no resources, no enthusiasts to tell EVERYONE about them! So Medinsky has no time either!
      2. uralant
        uralant 31 January 2021 14: 47
        +4
        Quote: tihonmarine
        The main thing we now remember is Zoya and Pavel, they are heroes for us with the Star, or without it. And about how many we do not know yet, even many lie in the ground without a grave.

        We now know this about the heroes, but what will the children and grandchildren know? About Zuleikha and two sheds?
        1. Serg koma
          Serg koma 1 February 2021 07: 25
          +2
          Quote: uralant
          We now know this about the heroes, but what will the children and grandchildren know? About Zuleikha and two sheds?
          You don't have to go far for an example ... The generation of "grandchildren" of those who do not remember kinship has grown up ...
          Quote: sibiryouk
          Now on TV everyone is advertising a film about Zoya K. - who burned a barn near Moscow and received the hero posthumously, it would be better if her star and others like her...
      3. Serg koma
        Serg koma 1 February 2021 07: 21
        +3
        Quote: tihonmarine
        And about how many we do not know yet, even many lie in the ground without a grave.

        From the heroes of bygone days
        Sometimes there are no names left.
        Those who have taken mortal combat
        They became just earth and grass.
        Only their terrible valor
        Settled in the hearts of the living
        This eternal fire,
        We bequeathed one,
        We keep it in our chest ...

    3. Marine engineer
      Marine engineer 30 January 2021 14: 17
      +12
      "..... it would be better if her star and people like her were given ..."

      It would be better if you refrained from your comment and believe me, I tried to find the most polite words.
    4. Siberian
      Siberian 6 February 2021 07: 18
      0
      Don’t touch Zoya .. don’t touch ... Well, of course, with pivasik, sitting on the couch to talk about the dead heroes ... But better not .. You are not even worth a penny what Zoya is worthy ...
  5. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 30 January 2021 13: 48
    +6
    Although they say "No one is forgotten", but how many of their nameless heroes, about whom no one remembers.
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 30 January 2021 14: 05
      +4
      Quote: tihonmarine
      but how many of their nameless heroes, about whom no one remembers.

      And probably there are a lot of those about whom no one knows - there is no one to tell about their feat ... all were killed and there were no witnesses left ... but many are missing and are listed ..
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 30 January 2021 15: 22
        +2
        Quote: mat-vey
        And probably there are a lot of those about whom no one knows - there is no one to tell about their feat ... all died and there were no witnesses left.

        We tried, searched, started what we could. In the area where Operation Thunder was carried out, there are many unburied remains, many do not have documents or medallions, and if there are not all of them, even experts can read them. The remains were buried in mass graves without names and surnames. Eternal memory to them nameless warriors.
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 30 January 2021 18: 30
      0
      in the mid-90s on TV: "The Guard was born near Yelnya, the first victory, a counteroffensive." grandmother— "they raised the company to machine guns to attack. Then the next company." "
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 30 January 2021 19: 11
        0
        Quote: antivirus
        "they raised the company to the machine guns in the attack. Then the next company." "- maybe like a different way?". "no. just take turns."

        Read the notes of the participant of the battles near Rzhev "Vanka company", the network is available. This is not a book but his diary published after his death.
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 30 January 2021 19: 46
          +2
          Quote: tihonmarine
          Read the notes of a participant in the battles near Rzhev

          my grandfather got his first wound there ... but he said that everything was not so clear - as a result, he left BT ...
  6. Pardus22
    Pardus22 30 January 2021 14: 10
    +2
    And such bureaucrats in the Stavropol Council of veterans of border guards ?! We have to drive with a filthy broom !!! We haven't seen the war, they only smelled gunpowder at the shooting range, and maybe they didn't hold a machine gun in their hands? A soldier who went through the war would never allow himself to offend the memory of the deceased hero! SHAME!!!
  7. Konnick
    Konnick 30 January 2021 14: 21
    +3
    In 41st and early 42nd, they were not particularly awarded posthumously, only for very significant feats .. Many heroes died a heroic death. I even know a case - in order to award the order of a deceased tanker, they attributed "is in the unit". they were very sparingly awarded at this time.
    Lieutenant Smyk died on the same day with the legendary Gorobets, whose crew a monument was erected in Tver for a raid on the captured city. Two tanks from the 21st TBR, under the command of Smyk and Gorobets, together with the 46th separate motorcycle regiment, took the very important Kokosh hill near Rzhev, which was defended by the 10th company of the SS Der Führer regiment. Both Gorobets and Smyk died, Gorobets was posthumously assigned a Hero for this battle, the surviving crew was awarded the Orders of Lenin, and Smyk was awarded the Red Banner, attributing this phrase "is in the unit" in the award. Smyk died shortly before the assault, distracting by fire like Gorobets's tank, who then, in the morning, in the dark, drove up to this height from an unexpected direction for the Germans, along an ice slope, previously flooded by the SS, to the very center of the stronghold and already took over all the fire in order to divert attention from the 2 companies of the 46th MCP, who approached imperceptibly into a blizzard on the other side of the strongpoint, so that they could unexpectedly break into the trenches without firing and destroy the 10th SS company in hand-to-hand combat, which was successfully completed with minimal losses. The capture of this height was under Stalin's control, there is an order from the Headquarters, Konev and Lelyushenko were directly present there. Stepan Gorobets died on his birthday. he is 29 years old. And the commander of the 46th ICP, Lieutenant Colonel Polevoy, was awarded the medal For Courage, Lieutenant Colonel and For Courage, that is, for personal courage.
  8. Konnick
    Konnick 30 January 2021 15: 35
    +1
    Quote: Konnick
    In 41st and early 42nd, they were not particularly awarded posthumously, only for very significant feats .. Many heroes died a heroic death. I even know a case - in order to award the order of a deceased tanker, they attributed "is in the unit". they were very sparingly awarded at this time.
    Lieutenant Smyk died on the same day with the legendary Gorobets, whose crew a monument was erected in Tver for a raid on the captured city. Two tanks from the 21st TBR, under the command of Smyk and Gorobets, together with the 46th separate motorcycle regiment, took the very important Kokosh hill near Rzhev, which was defended by the 10th company of the SS Der Führer regiment. Both Gorobets and Smyk died, Gorobets was posthumously assigned a Hero for this battle, the surviving crew was awarded the Orders of Lenin, and Smyk was awarded the Red Banner, attributing this phrase "is in the unit" in the award. Smyk died shortly before the assault, distracting by fire like Gorobets's tank, who then, in the morning, in the dark, drove up to this height from an unexpected direction for the Germans, along an ice slope, previously flooded by the SS, to the very center of the stronghold and already took over all the fire in order to divert attention from the 2 companies of the 46th MCP, who approached imperceptibly into a blizzard on the other side of the strongpoint, so that they could unexpectedly break into the trenches without firing and destroy the 10th SS company in hand-to-hand combat, which was successfully completed with minimal losses. The capture of this height was under Stalin's control, there is an order from the Headquarters, Konev and Lelyushenko were directly present there. Stepan Gorobets died on his birthday. he is 29 years old. And the commander of the 46th ICP, Lieutenant Colonel Polevoy, was awarded the medal For Courage, Lieutenant Colonel and For Courage, that is, for personal courage.

    Wrong, Smyk Aleksey Gordeevich was also given the Order of Lenin. If someone is interested in the award, on the site of the Feat of the People there is an award from 29.09.42/03.02.42/08.02.42 with a postscript in other ink. According to Memory of the People, he died on XNUMX, and the height was taken on XNUMX.
  9. Vadim Ananyin
    Vadim Ananyin 30 January 2021 17: 19
    +5
    The border guards fought to the death, they are heroes in life, history and in fact. If I may say so. And the most terrible and terrible thing about this topic is that from the 60s to the 90s the fucking Politburo never and nowhere and in nothing recalled this issue, they immediately remembered about the unfortunate and disadvantaged forest brothers.
  10. zenion
    zenion 30 January 2021 22: 35
    +2
    If this is the father of Boris Kapinos, whom I know, he is a Jew, and his father was a border guard and it turns out he died. And his mother received a paper that her husband was missing. She was then sent with the baby to Uzbekistan. There she received this notice.
  11. georggy
    georggy 31 January 2021 07: 25
    +4
    He honorably fulfilled his soldier's duty to the Motherland.
    O5 defended her at the cost of his life, the bottom of the reward, but by conscience.
    Eternal memory to all who gave their lives for the honor and independence of our Motherland.
  12. t-12
    t-12 31 January 2021 23: 16
    +1
    The border guards have rifles. Pavel, of course, has a telescopic sight.
    Pavel takes up the rifle again. There was only one cartridge left. Shot…

    Did I understand correctly that he shot himself with a rifle ???

    How is it known that he shot himself? If everyone died and there were no witnesses?
  13. Frank Muller
    Frank Muller 6 February 2021 01: 42
    0
    ... Regarding military awards, one of my grandfathers (my grandmother's brother), who went through the entire Patriotic War from Bialystok to Stalingrad and finished it in Vienna, reasoned simply: “The concepts of justice and observance of justice in the correct assessment of the perfect are far from the same thing. Especially in the war. After going through nine wars and wars, starting with the Citizen, I received the main award - I survived. And this is worth more than any orders and medals. " To my question: “And what is the reward for those who stayed forever in these wars and wars?”, Without hesitation, he answered: “For those - eternal memory. To the one who died for an unrighteous deed - as an edification to posterity. To the one who fell for justice - as a heroic and glorious reminder to the heirs. "