Military Review

JL-3 missile for PLA submarines: China's new "argument" in confrontation with the United States

23

China's Julang-3 missiles, or JL-3 for short, are the third generation of ICBMs for submarines. They are planned to be installed on the promising Type 096 submarines of the PLA Navy.


Unlike its predecessors, the JL-3 is expected to carry either 3 or 5 to 7 warheads. In the first case, the mass of an individually guided warhead can be about 250 kg, in the second case, about 35 kg. Some experts also cite a figure of 10 warheads.

China's most advanced long-range missile


The South China Morning Post calls the Julang-3 the most advanced Chinese long-range missile. According to the US Air Force National Aerospace Reconnaissance Center, JL-3 missiles can have a range of more than 10 km, which will pose a serious threat to the United States, including its mainland. These Chinese missiles are called China's new "argument" against the United States.

The report of the US National Aerospace Intelligence Center emphasizes that the tests of the new Julang-3 rocket were carried out by China at the end of November 2018. It turned out that the JL-3s are significantly superior to the JL-2 in terms of range.

The Federation of American Scientists, which published its own report on January 19, 2021, agree with the US aerospace intelligence data. The JL-3 missiles are seen as a very significant step forward compared to the previous JL-2 missiles currently in service with the Chinese People's Liberation Army. If the JL-2 has a flight range of about 7200 km, then for the new missile it will increase by a third and will amount to more than 10 km.

However, the Federation of American Scientists are convinced that even such characteristics will not allow the best Chinese missile to hit the continental United States from the South China Sea. For this, the PLA Navy will need to bring submarines to the Bohai Sea, located closer to Japan and South Korea. Here, Chinese submarines will be able to take positions and strike at the United States.


Rockets of the previous JL-2 series on parade


China has increased its "potential for retaliation"


Malcolm Davis, a senior security expert at the Australian Institute for Strategic Policy, believes China's missile development has provided Beijing with a "retaliation potential" that will allow it to fight back in the event of a large-scale military conflict with the United States.

The development of more advanced sea-launched ballistic missiles such as the JL-3 is essential, especially given China's desire to provide a reliable second strike capability.

- emphasizes Malcolm Davis.

But in order to hit targets on the east coast of the United States, the Australian expert believes, Chinese submarines will have to move quite far from China. The submarines will have to proceed to the Bohai Sea (part of the Yellow Sea), but it will be very difficult to deploy ballistic missiles at such a distance from the Chinese coast without the risk of being detected.

Timothy Heath, security expert at the American think tank Rand Corporation, calls the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) JL-3 missile “intimidating weapons", Which, together with the DF-41, provides China with the ability to engage targets in the continental United States. The survivability of the Chinese missiles, according to Heath, will be due to the fact that they can be launched from a considerable distance, as well as the presence of several warheads.

Timothy Heath stressed that the emergence of new missiles in service with the PLA Navy will keep the United States from any military action and manipulation in the immediate vicinity of the Chinese borders.

Taken together, the PLA's conventional and nuclear capabilities increase the risk and cost of any U.S. war with China.

- said the expert.

One of China's top priorities is to convince the US that the game won't be worth the candle. Don't come to the aid of Taiwan, as intercession can be too expensive for the United States and the American people.
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  1. Max Lebedev
    Max Lebedev 25 January 2021 14: 23
    +19
    in order to hit targets on the east coast of the United States, the Australian expert believes, Chinese submarines will have to move quite far from China

    It is the matter of time. With their speed of building the fleet, it will soon be possible to ensure the deployment of nuclear submarines with SLBMs anywhere in the APR.
  2. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 25 January 2021 14: 25
    +2
    But in order to hit targets on the east coast of the United States, the Australian expert believes, Chinese submarines will have to move quite far from China.

    A submarine is not a barge, and this is why they are created to operate far from their shores!
    So the United States will have to reckon with the armed forces of China.
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 25 January 2021 14: 25
    +1
    China has increased its "potential for retaliation"

    The potential for IMPACT, back and forth, can be assumed.
    To assume that someone will dare to attack China ..... as it is not very hard to believe.
    1. Maki maki
      Maki maki 25 January 2021 14: 50
      +19
      Quote: rocket757
      To assume that someone will dare to attack China ... as it is not very hard to believe

      hi They can try to move China by force in other places where it climbed. Through the same proxies. And of course no one will attack China itself.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 25 January 2021 16: 17
        +2
        So then, it will take a little time and the Chinese figs will move, somewhere, like that!
  4. Avior
    Avior 25 January 2021 14: 27
    +4
    And what about the noisy Chinese nuclear submarines, I wonder?
    It will not turn out that they will enter the position with the American "on the tail"? Somehow they rarely write about this ...
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 25 January 2021 15: 08
      -2
      Avior - there was an article on the site that their submarines are very noisy, the Yankees are easy to find and constantly track them. So, in real life, they will not even take a position to strike the territory of the United States, they will quickly be drowned, especially since the Chinese have no more than a dozen nuclear submarines, unlike the surface fleet, with a bunch of ships!
    2. GTYCBJYTH2021
      GTYCBJYTH2021 25 January 2021 15: 26
      +1
      Quote: Avior
      And what about the noisy Chinese nuclear submarines, I wonder?
      It will not turn out that they will enter the position with the American "on the tail"? Somehow they rarely write about this ...

      At one time, the USSR acquired from "Toshiba" machines for processing propellers ... China, I believe, already makes such machines ... The main boat noise is not from the mechanisms, but from the cleanliness of the processing of the screws ...
      1. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 27 January 2021 21: 37
        0
        Quote: GTYCBJYTH2021
        The main boat noise is not from the mechanisms, but from the cleanliness of the propellers ...
        This is only on "batteries". On PLA - from ETsVN and GTZA, so they switch to electric motion. But the nuclear power plant still remains the main source of constructional noise. It is constantly being improved, monoblocks of 1 and 2 circuits are made, natural circulation of heat pumps and so on ... But PPU and TGA still remain. Therefore, completely exclude ak. field is not yet possible. The propellers make noise, but less and less. They became saber-shaped, low-speed, they are shielded with casings, there are water cannons and so on.
        Therefore, the screws are noisy, but not much.
    3. rocket757
      rocket757 25 January 2021 16: 15
      +3
      Quote: Avior
      Somehow they rarely write about this

      And on the tail of the Chinese boats will be, there will be their own guard / cover ships. They will cover / drive away everyone who is very curious.
  5. RMT
    RMT 25 January 2021 15: 15
    +1
    How much will the appearance of these missiles change the tone in dealing with Russia? Will the friendship grow stronger?
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 25 January 2021 15: 25
      +3
      RMT "friendship" with the Chinese is such that enmity with the enemy is better than this notorious "friendship"!
  6. evgen1221
    evgen1221 25 January 2021 16: 35
    +2
    If you read the reprints on VO for more or less a long time, it is such a feeling that absolutely any innovation in foreign armies, according to journalists, causes a wild aggravation and a terrible threat to the US army. And the appearance of a new sample of a field table spoon also causes the same fear for the future of America?)))
  7. ironic
    ironic 25 January 2021 17: 06
    +2
    Even Polonsky always has some kind of generalizations and conclusions, well, you just wonder. I wonder how China can ensure the non-occurrence of the Taiwan conflict with nuclear weapons? On the contrary, the States can intervene locally, without entering the territory of China with a principled position - "well, try to wave yadrenbaton first !?" For China, this is a losing situation.
  8. Old26
    Old26 25 January 2021 20: 49
    +2
    Quote: Avior
    And what about the noisy Chinese nuclear submarines, I wonder?
    It will not turn out that they will enter the position with the American "on the tail"? Somehow they rarely write about this ...

    May be. I read somewhere that in terms of noise level they correspond to our boats of the 667B project.

    Quote: evgen1221
    If you read the reprints on VO for more or less a long time, it is such a feeling that absolutely any innovation in foreign armies, according to journalists, causes a wild aggravation and a terrible threat to the US army. And the appearance of a new sample of a field table spoon also causes the same fear for the future of America?)))

    Perfectly to the point. Whatever happens in our country, in China or even in North Korea - in the USA there is shock, horror, wild fear. But the author did not write the most important thing. Chinese NOT ONE OF YOUR ROCKETS, be it MRBM, ICBM or SLBM. DIDN'T TEST and at a distance of over 3,5 thousand kilometers. They shoot from the coast deep into their territory. More than THREE warheads NO CHINESE ROCKET Test NOT PASSED
    So they can write ranges of 8 thousand km, and 10 thousand km, and 6 warheads or even 10, but the fact remains. The maximum that we experienced was 3500 km and 3 BG. The rest is all theory. Moreover, it is not clear what else. Okay, there is North Korea, which does not have ships of the command and measurement complex. But China has them, in the amount of at least 4 pennants. So why don't they test it at its ultimate range. The whole Pacific Ocean is before them
  9. K298rtm
    K298rtm 25 January 2021 21: 06
    +1
    1. The PRC has become a threat (so far for the United States and its allies in the region).
    2. The United States began to view the PRC as a threat.
    3. In the current situation, it is beneficial for us, since the US Navy (with its allies) is forced to divert significant forces to confront the PRC.
  10. Hermit21
    Hermit21 26 January 2021 07: 54
    -2
    What a mess. And about 5-10 BB, and about 10 thousand kilometers, and about a retaliation strike
  11. The comment was deleted.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 27 January 2021 21: 51
      +1
      Quote: stepet
      By boats.

      It would be better if you kept quiet, dear! For a smart one would pass. And then the nonsense is visible to the naked eye from afar. Especially with regard to the 955A project.
      1. stepet
        stepet 27 January 2021 23: 25
        -3
        Quote: Boa constrictor KAA
        It would be better if you kept quiet, dear! For a smart one would pass.

        Watch yourself more.
        And teach me how to match.
        Then you will understand what's what.
        Maybe.
    2. K298rtm
      K298rtm 27 January 2021 23: 14
      0
      Too shy to ask:
      1. What criteria (indicators) did you use to compare these boats (you can voice an expert opinion)?
      2. Did you take into account the beauty of the contours (exterior so to speak)?
      1. stepet
        stepet 28 January 2021 00: 07
        -2
        Quote: K298rtm
        And you n
        What criteria (indicators) were these boats compared (you can voice an expert opinion)?

        By the efficiency of displacement use.
        Just on boats, without performance characteristics of missiles (less is better):
        Ohio has 1 kg of platform per 13,4 kg of rocket load.
        The Vanguards, 16,9 kg.
        Wu 094A Jin, 17,1 kg.
        Wu 094 Jin, 22,8 kg.
        Boreyev, 40,8 kg.
        Taking into account the performance characteristics of missiles (less is better):
        Ohio has 1 kg of platform per 283 kg of thrown weight.
        The Vanguards, 357 kg.
        Wu 094A Jin, 1027 kg.
        Boreyev, 1304 kg.
        Wu 094 Jin, 1369 kg.
        On missiles.
        Range:
        Trident-2 has a range of 11,3 thousand km.
        Bulava has 9,3 thousand km.
        Juidan-2 has 8-9 thousand km (it is not known exactly).
        Throwable mass in relation to the weight of the rocket:
        Trident-2 has 21,1 kg.
        Bulava has 32,0 kg.
        Juidan-2 has 60,0 kg.
        1. stepet
          stepet 28 January 2021 00: 23
          -1
          Quote: stepet
          Throwable mass in relation to the weight of the rocket:
          Trident-2 has 21,1 kg.
          Bulava has 32,0 kg.
          Juidan-2 has 60,0 kg.

          On the contrary.
          Rocket weight to throw weight (less is better):
          Trident 2 (standing on Ohio and Vanguards) has 21,1 kg.
          Bulava has 32,0 kg.
          Juidan-2 has 60,0 kg.
          1. K298rtm
            K298rtm 28 January 2021 19: 33
            0
            Thanks for the detailed answer. Your approach to assessing the quality of pl pl is clear to me.