Military Review

New engine and radar with AFAR: India has carried out another modernization of the Soviet ZSU-23-4 "Shilka"

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Recently, another version of the modernization of the ZSU-23-4 Shilka self-propelled anti-aircraft gun was presented in India. The show took place as part of a military parade rehearsal. In the USSR, this version of the air defense means was produced from 1964 to 1982. India is one of the countries in the world in whose armies Shilka is used.


Today, the Indian armed forces have 75 ZSU-23-4. How many of them have been modernized has not yet been reported.

According to recent reports, an Indian defense industry plant installed an active phased array radar on the rear of the Shilki tower instead of the RPK-2 radar. It allows you to search and track targets at distances that are about a third higher than the previous version of the radar.

The Indian press writes that now the efficiency of using the ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" is increasing at night, as well as in bad weather.

From the report:

The Bharat Electronics company, as a result of the modernization of the ZSU, provided the ability to identify, capture and track the target when working in an ECM (Electronic Counter-Measure) environment.

It is reported that the "Indian" "Shilka" is equipped with an electronic control system for cannon armament, displays of a driver.

Also upgraded by an Indian company, the Soviet Shilka received a new engine, which is said to reduce fuel consumption by 20%.

Additionally, Shilka of the Indian Armed Forces received an updated RCB control system.

The official demonstration of the next modernization of the Soviet SPAAG "Shilka" will take place in New Delhi at the military parade in honor of the Republic Day.
Photos used:
collage using the Doordarshan National frame
40 comments
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  1. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 25 January 2021 07: 23
    -1
    Shilka has received a new engine, which is said to reduce fuel consumption by 20%.

    Interestingly, who bought the engine.
    Obviously they couldn't do it themselves
    1. faiver
      faiver 25 January 2021 09: 08
      +3
      Obviously they couldn't do it themselves
      - where did you get it, the Indians have long mastered the production of various equipment
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 25 January 2021 09: 47
        -5
        Quote: faiver
        where did you get it, the Indians have long mastered the production of various equipment

        Enough you have mastered.
        They cannot master the replacement of the old lady "Shilka"
        1. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I 25 January 2021 13: 28
          +5
          Quote: Lipchanin
          They cannot master the replacement of the old lady "Shilka"

          They are not looking for good from good! stop
    2. 113262a
      113262a 25 January 2021 10: 52
      +4
      Yes, any ryadnik tractor six-there is a carriage! Anyone will be better and more economical d-6. And even more so in terms of oil consumption!
    3. TermNachTer
      TermNachTer 25 January 2021 13: 23
      0
      A hodovka to repair or modify? The radar is good, but first you need to get to the place where they will shoot))))
      1. kapitan92
        kapitan92 25 January 2021 14: 19
        -2
        Quote: TermNachTER
        Radar is good

        It allows you to search and track targets at distances, which are about a third higher than those of the previous radar version.

        The probability of receiving a response in the form of an anti-radar missile was increased by a third.
        For example CM 10 ,. PL 16.
        1. TermNachTer
          TermNachTer 25 January 2021 19: 01
          0
          Well, the "shilka" used to have a guidance radar
          1. kapitan92
            kapitan92 25 January 2021 19: 57
            0
            Quote: TermNachTER
            Well, the "shilka" used to have a guidance radar

            Yes it was. Moreover, "Shilka" underwent modernization and received an antenna module of the "Rogach AS" radar with a phased array, an optoelectronic channel.


            Time does not stand still. An increase in the range of use of aviation ammunition, their quality, in conjunction with the development of cruise missiles and methods for increasing the survival rate for combat aircraft, the tactics of using PRR, nullifies the modernization of the same Shilka. That is why it was replaced by "Tunguska", and then "Shell".
            A wide range of “traps”, “surprises” and special means, allowing to “lead by the nose” the best anti-aircraft complexes.

            For example, MALD, simulators of air targets, massively launched into the air defense zone of action. For ground-based radars, they are practically indistinguishable from fighters and, moreover, cruise missiles, imitating simple maneuvers and radio communications crews. They fly hundreds of kilometers.
            The task of these "dummies" is to scatter and divert the attention of anti-aircraft crews from their real targets. Force to activate the radars on which the PRR will be "banged". Add to this a low-yield 23 mm projectile. (2,5 - 3km)
            Take, for example, the Chinese PRR ("friend" of India) PL 16, range 80 km, speed about 3000 km / h.
            As soon as the radar "turns on" - khana installation.
            These are no longer the primitive "Shrikes" used by amers in Vietnam.
            It's another matter, given the Afghan experience, when ours were shooting the radar, increasing the ammunition of the installation to 4000 rounds and using it at the checkpoint.
            1. TermNachTer
              TermNachTer 25 January 2021 20: 09
              0
              Not only on the blocks, they also walked in columns - a cool thing "felling" in green
  2. Ros 56
    Ros 56 25 January 2021 07: 36
    +11
    Well done Indians. good The main thing is to meet their needs and requirements of the time.
    1. Victor_B
      Victor_B 25 January 2021 08: 14
      +4
      The harsh apparatus turned out!
  3. Flashpoint
    Flashpoint 25 January 2021 07: 44
    +8
    Green trees - you read the title -
    New engine and radar with AFAR

    - and immediately thoughts about the fighter ... And here is the shilka from the Indians.
    PS:
    Well, the wings would still be attached. I can imagine how the pilot of A-10 yells heart-rendingly: "Mayday, the shilka is catching up with me! I'm catapulting!"
    1. dauria
      dauria 25 January 2021 08: 25
      +9
      radar with AFAR

      - and immediately thoughts about the fighter

      Soon microwave ovens for the kitchen on semiconductor modules will be cheaper than a magnetron. The 21st century is still in the yard.
  4. Quadro
    Quadro 25 January 2021 07: 48
    -8
    It looks like a fierce collective farm, it is high time to replace it, but they all torture the old man. Especially amusing against the background of the purchase of expensive aircraft and tanks.
    1. Nazar
      Nazar 25 January 2021 08: 08
      +7
      Quadro - this "collective farm" with a good radar on the UAV will normally work out, and this is exactly what our "new" (not collective farm) terminator can do so far
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 25 January 2021 08: 21
        +3
        23mm is rather weak, may not reach.
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 25 January 2021 09: 40
          +5
          It is clear that he is useless against MALE. But against flying little things completely. The main plus is that it creates a "cloud" of shells. Excellent against kamikaze drones. In the absence of projectiles with a controlled detonation.
      2. Quadro
        Quadro 25 January 2021 13: 16
        -1
        Quote: Nazar
        Quadro - this "collective farm" with a good radar on the UAV will normally work out, and this is exactly what our "new" (not collective farm) terminator can do so far

        Well, our apparently fools that shilka and shell made. And yes, you at least find out what the terminator was made for, now there would be a car to support tanks, weave it to the air defense. And what is not the T-72? There is also a cannon and caterpillars.
    2. U-58
      U-58 25 January 2021 08: 30
      +4
      Not a collective farm.
      Indians meet the challenge of the times. Any drones - pterodactyls - helicopters - quadrocopters from the S-400 would be somehow expensive to shoot down in batches, but here - just in the subject.
    3. 113262a
      113262a 25 January 2021 10: 54
      +1
      The car is excellent, there would be more of them in Donbass. Even without modernization, it works fine in manual mode.
  5. Intruder
    Intruder 25 January 2021 07: 57
    +2
    Interestingly, who bought the engine.
    bought in Europe, easily and freely ...
  6. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 25 January 2021 08: 13
    -11%
    Another harsh and merciless Indian disco. This is about the same as installing an over-the-horizon radar on a missile boat or supplying small arms with GPS-guided ammunition.
    1. garri-lin
      garri-lin 25 January 2021 08: 23
      0
      Why not. The detection range is increased by a third. So the radar is not super duperWunderwolf, but just new but not redundant. In mountainous areas, Shilka may well be useful.
    2. d4rkmesa
      d4rkmesa 25 January 2021 08: 26
      -1
      Yeah. For some reason, cunning Israelis and Europeans only make money on the modernization of Soviet technology. And we can also admit that AFAR is still being produced in single copies, mostly on prototypes, including the Su-57.
  7. rocket757
    rocket757 25 January 2021 09: 07
    0
    So you can drive "tigers" through the bushes!
    As an air defense, well, very limited.
    Good thing, but now it's time for other systems.
  8. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 25 January 2021 09: 23
    +4
    I haven't seen how it works on air targets in real life, but how it works on manpower and buildings .... thing !!!
    1. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 25 January 2021 09: 50
      -3
      Quote: Andrey VOV
      but how about manpower and buildings .... thing !!!

      Friends told, in Afghanistan the spirits from one type of "Shilka" scattered
      1. Israel
        Israel 25 January 2021 15: 42
        0
        Your friends are exaggerating or failing to come up with significant details.
        1. Andrey VOV
          Andrey VOV 25 January 2021 18: 15
          0
          What did you dislike about the story about Shilka in Afghanistan?
          1. Israel
            Israel 25 January 2021 18: 59
            -1
            The fact that the spirit fled from one type of Shilka, so it would have been possible with Shilka alone and scare everyone away.
            1. Andrey VOV
              Andrey VOV 25 January 2021 20: 57
              0
              Well, yes ... the perfume is not cowardly at all
    2. Quadro
      Quadro 25 January 2021 13: 20
      0
      Against a modern adversary, this is a coffin. For air defense - outdated, for support of infantry and tanks - paper protection and, well, very dispersal. In Syria, this can and will work. On buildings, 23mm is useless.
    3. Doliva63
      Doliva63 25 January 2021 17: 20
      0
      Quote: Andrey VOV
      I haven't seen how it works on air targets in real life, but how it works on manpower and buildings .... thing !!!

      When the war was going on in Vietnam, in our club (well, like, a cinema for the military), before the cinema, they showed a chronicle from there. Including, with the participation of Shilka. The spectacle, I'll tell you, is mesmerizing when the phantom splashes out! A very, very effective weapon. Yes, in fact, we did not do anything else. And as for manpower - I once experienced it myself, I liked it less.
  9. prior
    prior 25 January 2021 09: 40
    -3
    My heart senses that we will soon begin to restore the technological line for the production of modernized Shiloks. Well, like TU-160, TU-76, T-72, T-80 ........
    1. Quadro
      Quadro 25 January 2021 13: 21
      0
      What's the point? There is Tunguska and carapace.
      1. Kaw
        Kaw 25 January 2021 15: 00
        +2
        Their guns seem to be worthless
        1. FrankyStein
          FrankyStein 26 January 2021 01: 47
          0
          With such dispersion, only airships should be shot down.
  10. Guru
    Guru 25 January 2021 09: 44
    0
    The Bharat Electronics company, as a result of the modernization of the ZSU, provided the ability to identify, capture and track the target when working in an ECM (Electronic Counter-Measure) environment.
    Quite good quality equipment for fighting UAVs.
  11. Kaw
    Kaw 25 January 2021 14: 57
    0
    We needed to do the same. IMHO is the optimal and inexpensive remedy for the "Harop" type loitering ammunition.