Military Review

"Gorshkov's Ideas Become a Template for China": Western Edition about China's "Conquest" of the World Ocean


In 1976, the admiral fleet USSR Sergei Gorshkov published his vision of the Soviet naval strategy under the title "Sea Power of the State." This book is an argument in favor of building up naval power in all its dimensions: military, political, economic and scientific. The new strategy was supposed to change the deeply continental outlook of the state leadership, which viewed the fleet as a subordinate service, used mainly to protect the country's sea flanks.

According to the Australian analytical resource ASPI, in fact, Gorshkov's book has become a guide to action for China in building its new fleet.

Admiral Gorshkov noted that the Soviet Union should be a leader in the development of the world's oceans; it is necessary to engage in the development of fishing, trade and production of offshore minerals, scientific research, which will require the creation of military, merchant and research fleets. Comprehensive adherence to this approach will allow the USSR to enter the world ocean, balance its positions with its opponents and ultimately defeat the "imperialists". As the main "shock weaponsFleet Gorshkov considered nuclear missiles and the export of socialism.

The Gorshkov project failed mainly because he, along with other Soviet military ambitions, made excessive demands on an already overloaded industrial base.

- says the ASPI pages.

At the same time, the PRC does not suffer from similar problems with the economy. Under these conditions, Gorshkov's ideas are a ready-made template for the sea expansion of mainland China, for "conquering" the world's oceans. Against the background of the creation of a huge fleet, Beijing is actively conquering the world's oceans. Its fishing fleets roam the entire globe, the country's merchant fleet has entangled the entire planet, scientific research and reconnaissance units operate around the world, including Antarctica and the Arctic.

China went to sea, and the power of its navy provides some clues on how it was achieved

- concludes the edition.
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 22 January 2021 06: 03
    made excessive demands on an already overloaded industrial base
    Well, yes, the destruction of the Union due to an overloaded industrial base happened, the Australians know better from an upside-down position. )))
    1. Stas157
      Stas157 22 January 2021 06: 55
      So we became capitalists and the "base" was immediately unloaded. Now, as a whole, ten aircraft carriers are going to waste, on an unloaded base !!!))
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U 22 January 2021 06: 57
        Quote: Stas157
        "base" was immediately unloaded
        Truly unloaded! From the machine tool park and workers. (((
        1. Vladimir Mashkov
          Vladimir Mashkov 22 January 2021 20: 44
          The Chinese are smart in that they take a lot from the world, creatively develop and apply them. And the ideas of Sergei Georgievich are beginning to be implemented.
          1. Sergey Sfiedu
            Sergey Sfiedu 23 January 2021 19: 14
            S.G. hardly wrote this book myself. Strained some of the staff officers.
  2. lshka
    lshka 22 January 2021 06: 21
    Have you read the title at least when writing? request
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 22 January 2021 06: 58
      Corrected already.
  3. Victor_B
    Victor_B 22 January 2021 06: 29
    So what?
    Normal work that became naval doctrine.
    But after the adoption of the doctrine, they began to build an aircraft carrier fleet.
    For they were assigned TASKS outside the boundaries of the economic zone.
    As soon as the legislators write down the permanent presence of the Russian fleet in the doctrine, well, at least in the Caribbean, it will immediately need to protect the supply lines, and without the AV, nothing.
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 22 January 2021 06: 34
    Against the background of the creation of a huge fleet, Beijing is actively conquering the world's oceans.
    With which one can only congratulate China and regret the limited (so far) of our capabilities.
  5. bald
    bald 22 January 2021 06: 36
    It is good that they did not materialize - why do we need floating, clumsy, trying to hide behind all kinds of targets.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  6. sleeve
    sleeve 22 January 2021 07: 21
    Gorshkov dreamed. In a natural way. And the point is not what he dreamed of. Here Sergei Georgievich "admiral is obvious." The fantastic nature of his plans was exactly out of touch with reality. In industry, in the infrastructure of the fleet. In an attempt to penetrate the entire organism of the maritime affairs of the military component. In fact, if the PRC "follows its precepts," then it certainly has more chances than the USSR. But the result can be just as dire.
    1. bald
      bald 22 January 2021 11: 55
      I specifically refer to aircraft carriers, at a certain time in the development of technologies, they are needed, and now, when we have weapons that overcome all the barriers that other states have and no one knows where from, the missile defense will not even have time to crumble. Holding multiple AUGs for the sake of intimidation is a luxury, we are not states with their arrogance. The submarine and surface fleet is certainly needed.
      1. sleeve
        sleeve 22 January 2021 14: 37
        In fact, it is aug as a combat tool, a past war. A world without missiles and nuclear boats. As a political tool, they are of course irreplaceable. But what is the basis of the Navy's combat power? Besides a continental power.
  7. Hermit21
    Hermit21 22 January 2021 08: 29
    This is what Maestro Temochen is constantly talking about. Only now the USSR got burned, including on huge military expenditures, while there was not enough infrastructure for the fleet, 25-30% of the composition were combat-ready.
  8. prior
    prior 22 January 2021 08: 38
    Soviet training manuals were not so bad.
    The successes of China confirm this.
  9. A_Lex
    A_Lex 22 January 2021 12: 42
    export of socialism.

    Everything is correct. Colonialism can be defeated only through the gradual withdrawal of ALL exploited colonies. Moreover, the "export of socialism" had to be carried out on extremely harsh conditions. In exchange for material assistance, military support, the construction of industrial and social infrastructure, as well as the training of specialists, the former colony was to completely break off all contacts with the capitalist countries. No trade, no trade, nothing. A total ban on interaction with capital countries. All the power of capitalism is in the colonies, which saturate it with cheap resources and are markets for products. If the colonies are removed, this entire system of hegemony of the "developed countries" will crumble like a house of cards.