The question of how the Admiral Nakhimov will increase the power of our fleet is being discussed. In numbers. But here it is very difficult to judge, because one cruiser comes to replace another. So it will be possible to talk about the real strengthening of the fleet when "Peter the Great" comes out after modernization.
Joyful reports should be postponed until now. To begin with, it is necessary that in 2022 "Admiral Nakhimov" was commissioned, then "Peter the Great" went through all the stages of modernization and also became operational. When we have TWO ships of Project 1144, then it will be possible to calculate something and talk about strengthening the fleet.
Until then - sorry. Although it is already good that now there is something to replace "Peter the Great" during the renovation. Ten years ago, we did not even dream about it.
What can you say about "Admiral Nakhimov"?
A unique ship of its kind.
On December 30, 1988, the Admiral Nakhimov entered service. Until 1997, the ship did not do anything special and in 1997 went on its last so far. For repairs. And he remained at the docks of Severodvinsk to this day.
That is, in fact, the cruiser was in combat formation for only 9 (NINE) years.
On the one hand, this is not bad. As the saying goes, a ship with a minimum mileage. “Nakhimov” did not go to distant countries across the oceans, so, in theory, the wear of components and mechanisms is minimal.
But 25 years in "repair" is also a lot. Moreover, in fact, they began to engage in the cruiser in 2013, when funds were allocated for modernization. So, seriously, another 9 years of modernization was done pretty well.
The output will be quite serious marine armory platform. 80 launch cells UKSK 3S14, from which cruise missiles "Caliber" and "Onyx" and the hypersonic complex "Zircon" can be launched. The cruiser will also receive the Fort-M and Pantsir-ME air defense systems and the Paket-NK and Answer anti-submarine missile systems.
The only weak point is the mid-range air defense. The "Nakhimov" is armed with the "Osa-M" complexes, which were put into service in 1971, and their effectiveness should have long been a big question.
However, to date, there is nothing that could replace this complex at the disposal of our Navy. Therefore, "Osa-M" continues to serve on the large ships of the fleet. There is information that the complex will be replaced by the Redoubt, if this is the case, this is a good move.
In general, история not very happy. Yes, there was a time when "Eagles" frightened all life in the seas and oceans, because in those years there was little that could be compared with them in terms of striking power. However, no matter how powerful ships the Eagles were, they also lost in the battle with time.
But the obsolescence of Project 1144 cruisers is only half the battle. The second half is big problems in Russia with the possibility of building large warships of the first rank. Therefore, for service in the distant sea and ocean zones, a rather logical decision was made to modernize the Orlans.
The decision is not easy, since the ships are not young. 40 years is a period. But, alas, there are simply no options for building rank 1 warships.
That's why I had to use "Admiral Nakhimov", fortunately, the development of the resource was small. The ship stood more against the wall than was engaged in direct activity.
The idea of maximizing the weapons of cruisers with the latest weapon models is not bad. With "Nakhimov" it turned out exactly like this: there was no complete project, the repairs were corrected in the course of the process, introducing more and more new products, for which no money was spared.
This is partly due to the series of "shifts to the right" of the date of delivery of the ship.
The work was indeed very significant. Zircons is a really strong argument in any dispute with any ship. In fact, a crowbar that is bad against with tricks. And I don’t even want to compare the Zircon with the enemy's weapons “Harpoon”, because the difference is too tangible.
With air defense, too, everything is fine. And the point is not even that the S-300F will be replaced by the S-400, not in quality, but in quantity. 96 silos for 40N6 missiles, which can hit targets at a distance of up to 400 km. This makes the Admiral Nakhimov one of the most protected ships from air attacks. This applies to both aircraft and cruise missiles.
There are plans to replace Osu-M with Redut, and Kortik with Pantsir-ME. Only positive emotions.
And of course, the replacement of strike weapons. P-700 "Granite" goes down in history, instead of it there are 80 cells, in which it is possible to place "Onyx", "Caliber" and "Zircon".
Anti-submarine weapons will be updated. "Nakhimov" will receive the newest complex "Packet-NK", which should counteract submarines at close range. The complex has two types of weapons: thermal torpedoes MTT and rocket-propelled anti-torpedoes M-15.
MTTs are effective at depths of up to 600 meters at a distance of up to 20 kilometers. M-15 intercepts enemy torpedoes at a range of up to 1,4 kilometers and a depth of up to 800 meters. The speed of both ammunition is 50 knots, which is enough to solve any problem.
Well, and for what, in fact, "Admiral Nakhimov" went for repairs. Replacing all radio electronics with modern ones. New communication systems, navigation, electronic warfare.
Everything is good, everything is beautiful. But there is a nuance.
Although the cruiser is ready to perform combat (really combat) missions in the DMZ, the days of single raiders have passed, and have passed long ago. And we seem to have nothing to provide proper support to the heavy cruiser. Old destroyers and BODs are not so much support as just a means of distracting the enemy's attention.
And new ships are not expected yet.
And here we can already answer the same question: to what extent will the Admiral Nakhimov enhance the combat capabilities of the fleet?
He will not weaken the fleet. This is the main thing. It's not worth talking about gain. An old huge platform, which we do not even stutter about disguising, with very difficult to predict effectiveness in a global conflict, but armed with the most modern weapons that only Russia has.
Today, when it comes to peaceful confrontation, it is possible and necessary to state with relief that there is a replacement for "Peter the Great". In the future, we will have two heavy cruisers, old, but with new weapons.
Is this enough for a real fleet boost? No. This simply allows you to gain time that will have to be spent on eliminating all problems in modern Russian shipbuilding and starting to build new ships in the far sea zone.