Military Review

SCMP on 30th Anniversary of Operation Desert Storm: This Operation Becomes the Starting Point of the Development of the Chinese Army

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SCMP on 30th Anniversary of Operation Desert Storm: This Operation Becomes the Starting Point of the Development of the Chinese Army

30 years ago, the American operation "Desert Storm" began, which was positioned as a "multinational operation to liberate Kuwait." The operation lasted until February 28, 1991, and resulted in the defeat of the Iraqi army. Those events are discussed in the press around the world.


The Hong Kong edition of SCMP published an article by columnist Liu Zheng, who recalls the events of 30 years ago in Iraq, noting that it was "Desert Storm" that became the starting point from which the improvement of the Chinese army began. Liu Zheng writes that in 1991 the PLA was backward, especially when compared to the US Army.

From the article:

But the US operation against Iraq launched a modernization program that turned the PLA into a modern, high-tech fighting force.

The author of the material, referring to Chinese military experts, writes that the use by the Americans of high-precision bombs, electronic reconnaissance and warfare, the use of stealth aircraft during the Gulf War became a "psychological nuclear attack on China." This refers to the fact that in China the defeat of Saddam Hussein's army was perceived as an opportunity for the United States to quickly deal with the armed forces of China, despite the presence of a nuclear weapons.

An author in a Hong Kong newspaper writes that the defeat of the Iraqi army was a challenge for China, and therefore the rapid improvement of its own army began. Over the course of 25-30 years, the PLA has followed a path that others have traveled for more than half a century.

In the material:

Operation Desert Storm showed China how to wage war and forced the Chinese military to skip the mechanization phase and go straight to the development of information technology.

Macau-based military analyst Anthony Won Ton is quoted as saying:

Since the 1990s, the PLA has completely switched to the path of professionalization and modernization. This was also important because in 1991 the USSR ceased to exist, and the pressure on China began to grow.

Hong Kong-based military expert Song Zhunping notes that China took the American military component as a basis and began to create high-precision weapons, stealthaviation, began to pay special attention to the formation of an air defense system.
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of China
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  1. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 18 January 2021 07: 38
    0
    "Desert Storm", the beating of a baby! But it was good for the SCAD, they got hit by the Petriot, 150 Americans immediately went to HELL !!!!
    1. viktor_ui
      viktor_ui 18 January 2021 08: 11
      +9
      Iraqi army at that time BABY ??? Or maybe it's something else ... and the first violin was played by the technological equipment of the opponents? And as a result, Iraq, which invaded Kuwait, got into a melon at the beginning in the occupied territory, and later in the metropolis itself ... Well, add here the international "activity" of Judas, tagged as a cherry. In the end, who went to Charon along with all the remnants of the army with the loss of integrity and independence ???
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 18 January 2021 11: 03
        +4
        First, the United States bombed Saddam Hussein's generals with dollars. 50 generals received a green and permanent residence in the United States. There was no one to command.
        1. Aleksandr1971
          Aleksandr1971 18 January 2021 16: 24
          0
          What prevents amers from bombing our generals with dollars?
          Taking into account the fact that even our polkans are sometimes billionaires, I will assume that the generals for the most part are commercial people, they will sell their homeland at a high price. Read about bribery of officers of the RF Armed Forces into both Chechen companies. Americans will give baksheesh an order of magnitude more.
          Our state needs SMERSH.
          1. tralflot1832
            tralflot1832 19 January 2021 10: 47
            0
            No one has canceled the betrayal, but in such a quantity. Look how our generals live, they don’t need the United States, this is not why our generals built their careers from lieutenants to sell it all later, there are no conditions for betrayal! Yes, an officer's honor for overwhelming majority, that means.
            1. Aleksandr1971
              Aleksandr1971 19 January 2021 11: 54
              +1
              I would like to believe it. But even one traitor will cause trouble so much that hundreds of other officers cannot fix it. And about the limit of greed - then you are wrong. Greed has no limit. Therefore, in order to suppress it in the power structures, totalitarian control of such a level is necessary, in which even from a bribed traitor, the enemy will not get any benefit for himself.
        2. Lech from Android.
          Lech from Android. 19 January 2021 04: 03
          +1
          The donkey loaded with gold turned out to be stronger than the Iraqi army, Hussein did not take this into account.
    2. paul3390
      paul3390 18 January 2021 08: 56
      +9
      "Desert Storm" as well as subsequent operations of the Americans showed the main thing - on the eve of a war with them, it is extremely important to clean up your generals. And in general the power structures. For the main component of their military successes is the banal bribery of generals and statesmen .. Well, in general, even without bribery, it’s not bad to change the generals who are overdue and mired in personal enrichment ..

      It looks like the IVS knew what he was doing, starting a big purge before the war .. I don’t think that many of the high ranks of that time were very different from the other ones ..
      1. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 18 January 2021 09: 32
        +1
        Yeah, and young generals from the Air Force command, for example Smushkevich, Rychagov and others, the heroes of Spain and Khalkhin-Gola, who were shot in violation of the norms of Soviet legislation at the beginning of the war and who were in their posts for six months or a year and a half, also sat up at their posts and got bogged down in personal enrichment? After all, in fact, they were framed, appointed to those positions to which they had not yet grown, and then made scapegoats.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 18 January 2021 10: 17
          +4
          Quote: Sergej1972
          After all, in fact, they were set up, appointed to those positions to which they had not yet grown, and then made scapegoats.

          No one set them up, they got them on business, especially Levers,
          1. No name B
            No name B 19 January 2021 09: 16
            -1
            Can you deploy it? Really interesting.
            1. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine 19 January 2021 11: 37
              0
              Quote: No name B
              Can you deploy it? Really interesting.

              Yes blurted out to Stalin "We fly on coffins." Stalin asked, “Did you think well ?, to which Rychagov replied,“ Good. ”The word is not a sparrow, you need to answer.
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 18 January 2021 10: 07
        +3
        Quote: paul3390
        It looks like the IVS knew what he was doing, starting a big purge before the war .. I don’t think that many of the high ranks of that time were very different from the other ones ..

        There is no doubt about it.
        1. antivirus
          antivirus 18 January 2021 10: 39
          0
          Does GDP rule everything now? Was Gorbachyaev a plug in all the holes?
          Many thousands of active revolutions, carried out by the wave (not foam), worked by the IVS.
          Stalin was only able to streamline the country's passage through that stream (waves and foam) with gigantic obstacles (both external and internal contradictions) and not in everything successfully.
          BUT THE EXAMPLE OF CHINA AND INDIA, YES AND LATIN AMERICA SHOWS WHAT WE ARE AVOID Lying IN "NEMOZHAH" IN FRONT OF THE WEST. - to the question of getting up from our knees.
  2. NDR-791
    NDR-791 18 January 2021 07: 59
    +4
    But the US operation against Iraq launched a modernization program that turned the PLA into a modern, high-tech fighting force.
    In the garden there is an elderberry, and in Kiev there is an uncle !!! Well, it never once allowed China to develop its army. And the Americans themselves created those conditions. All these corporations, bankers, guys, Democrats. Who transferred your production facilities to China to reduce the cost of the product, which means that allowed you to get technology and, most importantly, funds? Themselves and well done! good Another thing is that China did not miss this opportunity. Now you gnaw your elbows and sculpt excuses - Iraq, Kuwait ... Ridiculous
    1. viktor_ui
      viktor_ui 18 January 2021 08: 18
      +11
      The Chinese made 100% use of the technological breakthrough given to them by history ... FROM DIRT TO PRINCE and honor and praise them for that. Not squandered, but increased - respect to their party because it is the helmsman and helmsman in one bottle and bears personal responsibility for the development of HIS country.
      1. syndicalist
        syndicalist 18 January 2021 14: 05
        +2
        In the same period, we had much more opportunities. More than 4 trillion dollars in ADDITION only due to sharply increased prices for oil and gas! Such a unique carte blanche was the first time in our history and is unlikely to happen again.
    2. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 18 January 2021 08: 48
      -1
      Quote: NDR-791
      Iraq, Kuwait ... funny

      Michal Sergich Gorbachev extinguished oil in Iran.
    3. Aleksandr21
      Aleksandr21 18 January 2021 09: 38
      +1
      Quote: NDR-791
      Well, it never once allowed China to develop its army. And the Americans themselves created those conditions. All these corporations, bankers, guys, Democrats. Who transferred your production facilities to China to reduce the cost of the product, which means that allowed you to get technology and, most importantly, funds? Themselves and well done!


      Yes, here they were seriously mistaken ... although on the example of Japan and South Korea, they have a successful experience of introducing "democracy" and taking control of the institutions of state power. But it did not work out with China ... The communist ideology and a strong Leader (Xi Jinping) thwarted all US plans for China. So the role of personality in history plays a huge role ... the same Hu Jintao was more loyal to the American system and played by the rules) the truth was that the PRC was only gaining power then ...
  3. APASUS
    APASUS 18 January 2021 08: 14
    +3
    This refers to the fact that in China the defeat of Saddam Hussein's army was perceived as an opportunity for the United States to deal with the armed forces of China in a short time,

    This is rather the starting point of the moment when the military leadership of the PLA came to the conclusion - there will be no changes in the neo-colonial policy of the United States!
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 18 January 2021 08: 17
    +1
    it was "Desert Storm" that became the starting point from which the improvement of the Chinese army began.

    Start ... and do not stop !!!
    1. apro
      apro 18 January 2021 08: 24
      0
      Quote: rocket757
      Start ... and do not stop !!!

      And why waste time on trifles ... there are no obstacles ... and there is no worthy enemy
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 18 January 2021 08: 29
        0
        How to say ... the situation is now that those who can destroy them, there are such ... but to win ??? it is unlikely!!! there are simply no such people.
        They are not alone in that situation ...
        1. apro
          apro 18 January 2021 08: 51
          -2
          Quote: rocket757
          those who can destroy them, there are such ...

          I strongly doubt it. All the more in the plural. We are talking about opposition. Someone cannot. Neither resources nor a task of this kind.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 18 January 2021 09: 09
            0
            Quote: apro
            such tasks are not set.

            Nobody wants to conduct such an "experiment", because the destruction can turn out to be mutual ...
            And so, in terms of strike potential, three countries can, can, i.e. against any one, there may be more than one.
  5. Semenov
    Semenov 18 January 2021 08: 25
    +16
    Since the 1990s, the PLA has completely switched to the path of professionalization and modernization.

    And she did the right thing. Only in China are they trying to preserve as much as possible what is outdated.
  6. Mordvin 3
    Mordvin 3 18 January 2021 08: 31
    -2
    Yeah, our special forces almost shot up the Pakistani train. laughing
  7. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 18 January 2021 08: 34
    +1
    It seems that without this operation, China would have begun rearmament and strengthening of its army. As soon as opportunities appeared, primarily economic and financial, they immediately got down to business. Moreover, this was forced by the problems with Taiwan, the disputed islands in the South China Sea, and US military pressure in this region.
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 18 January 2021 11: 34
      +1
      So the program of "four modernizations" was adopted back in 1979. And one of the points of this program is the modernization of the army. The Chinese were more affected by the conflicting results of the 1979 Vietnam War. Although I would not go to extremes. Our anecdotes about Chinese tankers or a sick pilot are just jokes. And in the 60s and 70s, the PRC had thousands of tanks and aircraft. And since 1964 it had nuclear weapons. And the rocket and space program developed under Mao, long before the start of reforms. Although a qualitative leap has occurred, indeed, in the last three or four decades.
      1. ccsr
        ccsr 18 January 2021 13: 57
        0
        Quote: Sergej1972
        So the program of "four modernizations" was adopted back in 1979. And one of the points of this program is the modernization of the army. The Chinese were more affected by the conflicting results of the 1979 Vietnam War.

        Yes, it did. The article is pseudoscientific, and I think the first war in the Gulf did not have any special role on the Chinese army, because it developed based on their technological and economic capabilities of this country. Even now, the Chinese armed forces cannot compete with the Americans, although it would never occur to them to start a war against the Celestial Empire.
  8. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 18 January 2021 09: 39
    0
    This is how the modernization of the army in the PRC began before the events of 1990. In general, one should not focus too much on the opinions of journalists and experts from Hong Kong and Macau.
  9. Mikhail Zakharov
    Mikhail Zakharov 18 January 2021 13: 21
    0
    this operation was a shock for me. I realized that they are stronger than us and much stronger
  10. Petro_tut
    Petro_tut 18 January 2021 14: 56
    0
    SCMP on 30th Anniversary of Operation Desert Storm: This Operation Becomes the Starting Point of the Development of the Chinese Army

    Si vis pacem, para bellum - if you want peace, prepare for war
  11. faterdom
    faterdom 18 January 2021 19: 17
    0
    At headquarters, we considered the possibilities of war in the context of the use of PLSS and Assault Breaker, Stealth and a thousand-speed single-shot strike. Cameras in airplanes and weapons - also for the first time!
    And, let me remind you: in spite of the fact that half a year ahead of time the coalition was accumulating with an overwhelming preponderance, and the massive treachery of Saddam's generals did not work out for an easy walk.
    First, a significant proportion of the million dollar (then!) Axes flew in on inflatable tanks and launchers.
    Where real centers of resistance were created, for example Basra, the allies suffered very non-zero losses, and a significant part of them - from "friendly fire", especially from the Americans, fell to the British cousins. Sudden tank counterattacks by the Iraqi guards in the desert led to several local successes.
    The next conclusion - air defense must be developed continuously, especially for rich countries - God himself ordered. If you bought something 10 years ago, then today you almost don't have it. As for electronic warfare - no questions asked - we can't live without it!
    But the most unpleasant conclusion of those times: the first major front-level operation in the world, after the Second World War, without taking into account our opinion and interests - in general!
    What until recently was impossible to imagine.
    At that time a certain Gorbachev was the so-called "first president of the USSR, the supreme commander-in-chief", who at about the same time renounced his own half-hearted and cowardly decisions to restore order in the Baltics and Baku. That is, he lasciviously betrayed his military and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, apparently considering them "occupiers".
  12. GKA72
    GKA72 19 January 2021 08: 20
    0
    because in 1991 the USSR ceased to exist.
    And after that, military technology poured into China, especially from Ukraine. And Iraq has nothing to do with it.