Military Review

One Against the New World: The Adventures of Baron Ungern

88

Baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg was born in Russia's rival Austria-Hungary. In the future, he will have to fight against this country, but by aristocratic standards, built in opposition to the national, in the service of the suzerain, and not the people, this was normal. Fortunately, fate brought the family of our hero to Russia quite early - although not so much that he could eventually get rid of a weak, barely perceptible, but still German accent.


In 1902, as a boy, Roman was sent to study in St. Petersburg, in the Naval Cadet Corps. It seemed that Ungern was dear to naval officers, but it did not work. He studied without enthusiasm - grades were so-so, but his behavior regularly stepped over the line of disgusting. Disciplinary sanctions were constantly applied to our hero, but this science did not go for the future. Roman was sent to a punishment cell, and he brazenly fled from there. As a result, the case ended in abandonment for a second year, and in the end, with expulsion.

But Ungern was not just a lazy bumpkin, as well as a man who hated military affairs. In 1905, the offspring, wanting adventure, fled as a volunteer for the Russo-Japanese War. It is not completely clear whether he had time to take part in the battle even then. In favor of the baptism of fire was the fact that he brought home a commemorative medal, which was given only to those who took part in the battles. But in the description from 1913 it is directly written that von Ungern-Sternberg was not in the battles. Perhaps our hero stole or exchanged a reward. Or, conversely, someone messed up something in the papers.

Be that as it may, after serving, Ungern decided to continue his military career, going to the Pavlovsk Infantry School in St. Petersburg. He graduated in 1908, this time putting in a lot of effort in his studies. True, even here Roman did not look for simple and predictable ways - having graduated as an officer, he went not to the infantry, but to the Cossacks. Perhaps the aristocrat Ungern was already sad for the long past feudal times and wanted to be closer to the image of a knight - that is, at least to serve on a horse.

One Against the New World: The Adventures of Baron Ungern
Ungern as a child

At the same time, our hero did not particularly respect other officers. He did not even "hang out" in the officers' gatherings, was indifferent to customs and traditions. He also didn't care about money, women, and gloss. Ungern has always kept aloof, earning the justified label "not like everyone else."

And the young baron was also susceptible to dubious adventures. For example, he reacted to the revolution in China. But in contrast to some of the aristocrats satiated with prosperity, who supported the "progressive revolutionaries", he expressed sympathy for what the revolutionaries call the "reactionary" feudal part of society - the Chinese Mongols. And not just expressed, but went to fight for these same Mongols.

To do this, Ungern had to retire. There was only one way to do this a few years after the start of the service - without a pension and without the right to wear a uniform. But our hero did not give a damn about such prospects from the high bell tower and in the summer of 1913 set off for the Mongolian steppes.

Only now, all this turned out to be in vain - having arrived where it was necessary, Ungern immediately came across the opposition of Russian diplomats, who did not need the probable adventures of the just retired Cossack officer. After all, the country still had interests in China, and there was definitely no need for additional complications due to someone's initiative of Russia. It seemed that Ungern played the role of an eccentric who bought a train ticket and did not go anywhere - but then his position was suddenly straightened out by the outbreak of the First World War.

Great war


As soon as there was a big bang in Europe, everyone immediately began to spit on the circumstances of Ungern's dismissal - everyone was rowing into the army, especially former officers. And our hero was happy himself - his violent nature demanded feats and adrenaline.

On the battlefields of the First World War, Ungern proved to be excellent - he took part in a dozen assault attacks that ended in hand-to-hand combat, picked up five wounds, received two ranks and many awards. However, he was not an ideal officer anyway - he was brave in battle, the baron liked to kick himself into oblivion in the rear. Sometimes it ended with very unpleasant consequences for him.

Perhaps the most memorable phrase that pops up in the collections of documents about Ungern is his phrase "Who can beat the face here ?!", which thundered from his lips in 1916. Then the baron was sent on vacation to Chernivtsi, and he had problems with the hotel doorman, who refused to let Ungern, who had arrived on vacation, into the room without the sanction of the city commandant. To this, the drunken baron tried to teach the impudent a lesson with a saber (fortunately, not taken out of its scabbard), but due to the influence of alcohol, he hit not on the lucky head, but on the hotel glass.


In the First World

If it was still possible to try to hush up this incident, then Ungern finally buried his chances, immediately going to the local commandant's office. There he issued the very phrase about beating the muzzle, after which he attacked the first ensign that came across. He nevertheless grabbed him over the head with a Ungernov saber in a scabbard, after which he considered it best to retreat. Returning with reinforcements, the injured warrant officer discovered that Ungern, laden with alcohol, was asleep in the first chair he came across, spreading a mighty fumes around him. The saber was immediately unfastened, and the baron was treacherously arrested.

The case was outrageous and could have ended very badly, but the regiment commander stood up for the brawler - the very future leader of the White movement, another baron, Peter Wrangel. Ungern earned Wrangel's favor with unconditional bravery on the battlefield. Therefore, everything ended relatively well - our hero was held for a couple of months in the fortress for an ostracis, after which he was thrown out of the unit.

Whirlwind of change


In 1917, Ungern was able to secure an appointment to Persia, where a sluggish civil war was going on at that time. The Entente was forced to keep its contingents there so that the Germans and Turks would not take advantage of the unstable situation in the country. Ungern helped to gather and train local paramilitaries.

This ended rather unsuccessfully, because two coups took place in Russia - one demolished the monarchy, and the other brought fanatical radicals to power in the form of the Bolsheviks and the Left Social Revolutionaries who joined them. Revolutionary events disintegrated the troops, destroyed the authority of officers - especially those like Ungern, who were monarchist and even traditionalist. Therefore, the Baron fled to join the conservative forces to further fight against change.


As a result, the paths of fate led Ungern to Transbaikalia. In the spring of 1919, he formed the Asian Cavalry Brigade (later to become a division). In his detachment there were people of various nationalities - Russians, Chinese, Mongols, Buryats, Japanese and even Germans with Turks whom he lured from the prisoner of war camp.

Ungern liked this International - but for exactly the opposite reason than some Bolsheviks. If they saw in the "friendship of peoples" a means to unite people on a new, class basis, then Ungern did not like nationalism as a factor of modernity. After all, he gave rise to the very new world of republics, democracies, hated by the baron, the world of the collapse of monarchies and the impoverishment of the aristocracy.

Moreover, Ungern, who had spoken with Asians, noticed that, due to the backwardness of social processes, they were least affected by revolutionary ideas. And in the most dense corners of the planet, one might say, they are not affected at all. This provided, as it seemed to him, an excellent opportunity to reverse the processes - it was only necessary to reject Europe, which already "cannot be saved", and to pay attention to the East. It's funny, but later a party of European nationalists led by the Frenchman René Guénon will come to the same idea. Only now, unlike them, Ungern was a resolute practitioner.

Oh, wondrous East


For a time, Ungern's division fought along with the rest of the whites - so the chances of resisting the red were higher. But when in 1920 they were pinned to the Chinese border, and all were dutifully interned in Manchuria, Ungern did not follow this example. His mind was occupied with a much more interesting idea - to take advantage of the ferment in China, to enter there with his people, to restore the Mongolian (and in the future, perhaps, the Chinese) empire. And already at the head of the eastern army to invade Russia in order to cleanse it not only of Bolshevism, but also of any revolutionary spirit and "modernity" in general.

Fortunately, the Mongols have been at war with the Chinese Kuomintang for quite a long time - the very nationalist revolutionaries whom Ungern, yearning for the old days, hated. Therefore, the locals were glad to see the appearance of a horse detachment, ideally adapted for operations in the Mongolian steppe. Not everything worked out for Ungern right away - but in the end, in February 1921, after a series of campaigns, he still "took the weight" and took possession of Urga - the Mongolian capital.

At the same time, Ungern in some places greatly annoyed his own people, trying to force them to assimilate - the baron sincerely believed in the theme of the traditionalist East and sought to become a part of it himself. For example, he proudly wore a golden silk uniform embroidered with Mongolian ornaments. But his fighters did not want to be forged from Europeans to Mongols - for example, only 2 people attended the Mongolian language courses he organized.

Having taken possession of Mongolia, Ungern decided it was time to expand the revived empire. And, of course, it was necessary to start with Russia - fortunately, refugees from there regularly came to him and reported that, they say, no one could tolerate the Bolshevik government, there was a mess and arbitrariness in the country, and it would not be easy to raise an uprising, but very easy.

Ungern believed in such alignments and decided to act quickly, until some revolutionary "Februaryists" from among the whites took advantage of this position, who saw his ideas of traditionalism in their grave, and even more so the Mongol Empire.


The same Mongolian uniform

In the spring of 1921, he threw his horse forces on a campaign in Transbaikalia. And he quickly realized how wrong he was about the situation - the rebellions in Soviet Russia were resolutely suppressed, the overwhelming majority of the population did not want to rebel, and the Red Army was organized, disciplined and strong as ever.

Therefore, Ungern quickly got on the cap and was forced to retreat to Mongolia. Only that the matter did not end there, because the Red Army did not sit out in Russia, but followed him. The baron began to rush about the Mongol steppes, exhausting the enemy. As long as the infantry acted against his cavalrymen, it worked out well, but then the Reds connected their horsemen and armored cars, and things went much worse.

The predictable finale


Ungern frantically went over new possibilities in his mind. Perhaps it is worth going to Tibet and restoring the ancient monarchy there, since it did not work out with the Mongols? Or mobilize all the nomads around to beat the Reds? Or should you come up with something else?

As a result, the truth of life turned out to be much more prosaic - Ungern could not do any of this, because he was sick of everyone. His quirks with admiration for the East, an attempt to make Mongols out of his officers and harsh punishments for violation of discipline were tolerated while all this helped to beat the Reds. And when the Reds began to beat him, it already looked far from so promising. The Mongols were all the more uninteresting to all his ideas - they were in their own country and could migrate anywhere at any moment, and look for them in the steppes.

Therefore, on August 21, 1921, his judgment hour came. Conspirators from among his officers crept up to his tent late in the evening and riddled it with pistols. True, they made a mistake and shot not the baron, but the adjutant. Not bothering to check what had been done - when Ungern jumped out of the tent, they had already galloped away long ago.

The Baron jumped on his horse and rushed to gallop over his men from one unit to another. But everywhere he was met by shots. Ungern was not hurt by them, but in the end he was caught by his own Mongols. They were lucky to hand him over to the Russian part of the conspirators, but at night they orientated themselves "in the wrong place" and ran into a Red patrol, which took everyone prisoner.


Under interrogation in Bolshevik captivity

As a result, Ungern was taken to Russia, interrogated in detail (without concealing all his traditionalist ideas) and shot on September 15, 1921. The attempt to reverse the seething social movements backfired.
Author:
Photos used:
pinterest.com, belrussia.ru, kolchakiya.ru
88 comments
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  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 19 January 2021 05: 21
    +11
    An ordinary adventurer, I have not read it many times.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 19 January 2021 05: 38
      +14
      Quote: Pessimist22
      An ordinary adventurer, I have not read it many times.

      I agree - a violent little head! True, he spilled blood - Mom, do not worry.
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 19 January 2021 09: 39
        +6
        Welcome.
        And he lived anyhow, and ended ingloriously. A small and vile mark left a trace in History.
    2. Crowe
      Crowe 19 January 2021 05: 59
      +37
      I would say notAn ordinary adventurer. The former commander of Ungern Wrangel in 1917 left this characterization of him: “He lives in war. He is not an officer in the conventional sense of the word, for he not only does not know the most elementary regulations and basic rules of service, but he often sins and against external discipline, and against military education, is the type of amateur guerrilla, hunter-tracker from the novels of Mine Reed. "
      And here is an interesting fact - in November 2015, near Ulaanbaatar, with the direct assistance of the Institute of History and Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Mongolia, the Ungern Museum was inaugurated. They believe that thanks to it, today's Mongolia is an independent state from China. If the Asian Division in 1921 was did not take Urga and did not expel Chinese troops from the territory of outer Mongolia, then there would be no reason for the introduction of units of the Red Army into Mongolian territory in response to the Ungern attack on Transbaikalia. Outer Mongolia, which gained independence after the collapse of the Qing empire, could be annexed by China and become the same Chinese province as Inner Mongolia. Not a single country, once captured by the Manchu Empire, was able to restore its independence from China, except Mongolia, to which Baron Ungern came. A very controversial and bright personality, but such remain in stories.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 19 January 2021 06: 30
        +10
        Very interesting information about the opening of the Museum.
        Should this be understood as part of the continuation of the appearance of monuments to the White Guards, such as mourning for the lost Russia ...
        I heard that there was a Soviet film about Ungern. He participated in some rituals ...
        I liked the article very much. Like the previous articles of the respected Timur.
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 19 January 2021 08: 15
          +4
          Quote: Reptiloid
          I heard that there was a Soviet film about Ungern. He participated in some rituals ...

          Dima, don't believe these stupid films. All this is nonsense.
          In Soviet times, as a result of myth-making, the personality of R. F. Ungern was reduced to the level of a "bloody baron" - he burned his heels with a hot iron, even random people, raped women and pulled pieces of meat from a human back. Which means the great power of Agitprop.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 19 January 2021 08: 27
            +4
            Vladimir! I have not watched the film, but heard about it.
            In the film, the baron drank blood from a cup, such was the rite. And someone drank from this cup, forgot who ... ... maybe a leper, maybe a monster ... I heard this in my childhood ... you need to look for a movie, watch ...
            One way or another, Buddhism came to Ingushetia at the beginning of the last century.
            In St. Petersburg, a Buddhist temple was opened and it was attended by a large number of Kalmyks and Bupyats, various rich people, including three from the royal relatives ... were treated with Tibetan medicine ..
            Only you, pzhlsta, don't say anything about this faith, respect other religions, not just your own.
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 19 January 2021 08: 29
              +1
              Quote: Reptiloid
              Only you, pzhlsta, don't say anything about this faith, respect other religions, not just your own.

              Do not be afraid, I will not say anything bad, and I don’t care about their faith, what can I say.
        2. Stirbjorn
          Stirbjorn 19 January 2021 08: 16
          +15
          Quote: Reptiloid
          Should this be understood as part of the continuation of the appearance of monuments to the White Guards, such as mourning for the lost Russia ...

          Hardly - there is a monument to the Mongols not to a White Guard, but to a liberator from the Chinese. Most likely, if Ungern had not taken Urga, present-day Mongolia would have remained a province of China - Outer Mongolia. And so China was left with only Inner Mongolia, where there are more Mongols than in the state of Mongolia hi
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 19 January 2021 08: 40
            +4
            Of course, we need to learn more about this period. Changes were taking place, huge masses of people were involved ... hi
          2. Sergej1972
            Sergej1972 19 January 2021 10: 01
            +5
            But at the same time, there are several times more Han people in Inner Mongolia than Mongols.
        3. Captain45
          Captain45 19 January 2021 11: 58
          +14
          Quote: Reptiloid
          Very interesting information about the opening of the Museum.
          Should this be understood as part of the continuation of the appearance of monuments to the White Guards, such as mourning for the lost Russia ...

          It is unlikely that mourning takes place, because it is said that
          Quote: Crowe
          in November 2015, near Ulaanbaatar, with the direct assistance of the Institute of History and Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Mongolia, the Ungern Museum was inaugurated, where they believe that thanks to it, today's Mongolia is an independent state from China.

          The Mongols opened a museum, but they don't care about our civil war, they had their own. Previously, the Darkhan Museum had everything about the revolution, and the Mongols always spoke respectfully - Comrade Sukhe-Bator, but then perestroika came to the USSR and, as a result, the Ungern Museum.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 19 January 2021 14: 18
            0
            I was not specifically interested, but I remember something, how in the USSR perestroika, they stopped helping Mongolia? Did they have any hardships? Or what am I confusing? So many questions arise in connection with the article. recourse
            1. Captain45
              Captain45 19 January 2021 15: 40
              +7
              Quote: Reptiloid
              I was not specifically interested, but do I remember something, how in the USSR perestroika, they stopped helping Mongolia?

              Yes, not only Mongolia, but the entire socialist camp Humpbacked sent on a free voyage, surrendered Judas to the eternal enemies of the Soviet Union, in spite of any friendly long-term ties. And in the times of the USSR Mongolia was practically 16 republics, except for the rams there was nothing of its own, the buttons on the uniform of the tsiriks and they had the Mosstamp stamp on the reverse side, the tugriks in the Union printed on Goznak.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 19 January 2021 15: 51
                +2
                I know about almost the entire socialist camp, but Mongolia, in my opinion, was the most defenseless of all countries. Some countries, incl. Croatia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, fought against us or supported Hitler, and later improved their lives at the expense of the USSR. And Mongolia, in my opinion, wanted to follow in the footsteps of Tuva - to become part of the USSR! Or how? I very much sympathize with the Mongols.
        4. gsev
          gsev 25 January 2021 21: 21
          0
          Quote: Reptiloid
          Should this be understood as part of the continued appearance of monuments to the White Guards.

          Most likely, the Mongols respect him as a politician and military leader who drove the Chinese out of Outer Mongolia. As far as I know, the descendants of the Ungernsk Cossacks turned around and homongolized, but retained the Russian language. They live in Mongolia after their expulsion from the PRC. In the 1970s, their descendants had very hostile relations with Soviet citizens in Mongolia.
  2. Humpty
    Humpty 19 January 2021 06: 57
    +15
    If Ungern had gone to Tibet, then there would certainly have gotten someone very quickly.
    An adventurer of an absolutely extraordinary scale.
  3. bober1982
    bober1982 19 January 2021 08: 06
    +1
    From the article, copyright pearls ........ because I got sick of everyone, ..... pretty quickly got a hat, .... in a coffin who saw his ideas, ..... and a party of European nationalists ,. ..the baron ran to huddle, etc., etc.
    Is it possible, if we speak in the author's language - this is a level below the plinth.
    1. ee2100
      ee2100 19 January 2021 08: 48
      +3
      The material feed is cattle and superficial. Maybe someone like this kind of reading.
      Roman Ungern is not an ordinary person. Waste of your time. He enjoyed great prestige among the Mongols.
      Quite a lot of books have been written about Baron Ungern, and this is worth a lot.
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 19 January 2021 09: 01
        +8
        He enjoyed great prestige among the Mongols.

        That's why they passed it.
        1. ee2100
          ee2100 19 January 2021 09: 57
          0
          There are several versions of the capture of the baron. Russian officers organized a conspiracy during which an associate of the baron was killed, and he himself fled. The reason for the conspiracy is dissatisfaction with the baron's decision to go to Tibet. The Mongols were also against this.
          The Mongols tied the baron up and wanted to hand him over to the mutinous officers, but the Reds recaptured the baron.
          There is an opinion that it was not without betrayal.
      2. ivan2022
        ivan2022 7 February 2021 10: 49
        +1
        Quote: ee2100
        Waste of your time. He enjoyed great prestige among the Mongols.
        Quite a lot of books have been written about Baron Ungern, and this is worth a lot.

        THIS IS NOT FUCKING AT OUR SALES TIME! It is worth spitting and rubbing .......

        Even if in 1998 the presidium of the Novosibirsk Regional Court refused to rehabilitate Baron Ungern, recognizing all the points of the verdict as justified, it means he really destroyed the villages.
        But this is worth a lot!
        No wonder the instruction was given; "To pay more attention to this matter, to obtain a verification of the solidity of the accusation, and if the proof is complete, which, apparently, cannot be doubted, then arrange a public trial" Lenin PSS 1967. - V. 44. - P. 109.
  4. Stirbjorn
    Stirbjorn 19 January 2021 08: 22
    +13
    It seems to me that the article is too superficial for this outstanding person. Where is the description of the siege and storming of Urga, whose garrison was ten times superior to the army of Ungern ?! Where is the description of his mystical throwing. White God of War, the reincarnation of Genghis Khan, Black (Mad) Baron - these are all his nicknames. Pelevin, in his cult novel Chapaev and Void, made him one of the characters who guarded Valhalla. Nope about his merciless fight against drunkenness in the Asian Cavalry Division. I will give one interesting episode of his biography during the siege of Urga
    Those who knew Baron Ungern noted his great personal courage and fearlessness. He was not afraid, for example, to visit besieged Urga, where the Chinese would pay dearly for his head. It happened as follows. On one of the bright, sunny winter days, the baron, dressed in his usual Mongolian attire - in a red and cherry robe, in a white hat, with a tashur in his hands, simply drove into Urga along the main road, with an average gait. He visited the palace of the main Chinese dignitary in Urga, Chen Yi, then returned to his camp past the consular town. On the way back, passing by the prison, he noticed that the Chinese sentry slept here peacefully at his post. This violation of discipline angered the Baron. He dismounted and rewarded the sleeping sentry with several lashes of the lash. To the awakened and terribly frightened soldier, Ungern explained in Chinese that the sentry on guard was not allowed to sleep and that he, Baron Ungern, had punished him for this. Then he got back on the horse and calmly rode on. This appearance of Baron Ungern in Urga made a colossal sensation among the population of the city, and plunged the Chinese soldiers into fear and despondency, instilling in them the confidence that some supernatural forces were behind the baron and were helping him ...
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 19 January 2021 08: 27
      -3
      Quote: Stirbjorn
      I think the article is too superficial

      Here it is necessary to speak frankly, no matter how bitter it may be - the author has bothered with his article.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 19 January 2021 08: 35
        +3
        Quote: bober1982
        Quote: Stirbjorn
        I think the article is too superficial

        Here it is necessary to speak frankly, no matter how bitter it may be - the author has bothered with his article.

        What kind of nonsense are you, Vladimir, write? How could the Author get you sick? Did he forcibly force you to read the article 100 times aloud? Whether?
        I never thought about Ungern at all, but now I am interested. Thanks to the article. Well, then ----- on your own, on your own, on your own, looking, looking, reading ....... hi laughing wassat
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 08: 41
          +1
          Quote: Reptiloid
          I never thought about Ungern like that before

          And I didn't know anything about him at all.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 19 January 2021 08: 45
            +2
            hi and have not seen the Soviet film? I am asking because you are a little older than me. Maybe you saw? I heard that frightening Buddhist rituals are shown there, which do not exist in reality.
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 19 January 2021 08: 50
              +4
              Dmitry, look at Vicki. The entire filmography about Ungern is presented there.
            2. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 19 January 2021 08: 52
              0
              And also Buddhist rituals are shown in the film "Agony" and in some series about the detective Putilin (pre-revolutionary). And everywhere they are some kind of fantastic, in my opinion?
              1. Mordvin 3
                Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 09: 28
                +5
                In general, I went to the cinema in the USSR very often. Sometimes you don’t like a movie, you go out to the toilet from one room and go to another. Or at the end of the film you go from one room to another. And so the whole day. And when there was not enough money, someone would buy one ticket and open the doors for the rest of the weekend. They did it all the time. They were behind the curtains. And we went to the movies twice a week. I used to go home from a night session at two o'clock in the morning. So I've watched so many of these films that I don't remember everything.
                1. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 19 January 2021 09: 38
                  +2
                  Aha! Something like this about the c / t relatives said. As they penetrated through the exit, they hid somewhere behind a curtain, skipped lessons and for 10 kopecks went to morning sessions, several in a row. ..... And in the 90s, when we returned, there were no cinemas in the new buildings and nicknames, and the trap is a one-way tram ..... No.
                  1. Mordvin 3
                    Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 09: 50
                    +4
                    Out of 4 cinemas in our city, not a single one is left. Sorry. The latter was covered up after the winter cherry fire. It seems that someone is afraid of responsibility. And before it was a meeting place, there were always hugs in Kamchatka.
                    1. Andrei Nikolaevich
                      Andrei Nikolaevich April 3 2021 05: 56
                      -1
                      Yeah. There was a case with hugs. My brother was always seated forward, so that the couple in love would cover it with their backs. I closed it with one. And nothing. All life together - children are already adults ..)
                  2. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 19 January 2021 10: 20
                    +3
                    And in the 90s, when we returned, there were no cinemas in new buildings and nicknames,
                    Until the mid 90s. cinemas definitely worked, even in sleeping bags, not to mention Nevsky.
                    1. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 19 January 2021 11: 43
                      +4
                      laughing maybe where they worked, where they were. And on Pionerskaya there were no cinemas at all then. To the nearest one about an hour by that transport wassat
                      lol a child's life is very different from an adult's. At Pionerskaya, I had to cram into a tram at the loop and get to another loop to the house. There were buses, but not to us. A few years later, a real two-way tram was extended to the end. A little later, minibuses began, but not to us, but to the side .. so they suffered .... A cinema was being built on Pionerskaya, they said it was the largest. But --- when it was completed, it was immediately broken. There were video salons near the house, so they were called? They went there ... And my first c / t --- on Petrogradskaya, D.K., then others ...
                      1. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 19 January 2021 11: 52
                        +2
                        You can't argue about Pionerskaya, the nearest cinemas were on Savushkin and Lansky.
                        And on Petrogradka what d / k, Lensovet or Shelgunov?
                      2. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 19 January 2021 12: 02
                        +2
                        Quote: 3x3zsave
                        You can't argue about Pionerskaya, the nearest cinemas were on Savushkin and Lansky.
                        And on Petrogradka what d / k, Lensovet or Shelgunov?

                        The easiest way was to go without a change to Vyborgskoe, but there was something wrong with it .... and still an hour. It was closed ... Svetlana had an eternal traffic jam then, in that century. lol -Of course, Lensovet, near the metro. It is interesting that Shelgunova --- has never been there at all.
                        On Udelnaya then I found an old, small, tiny one, called by the name of the planet ... a few years ago there was
                      3. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 19 January 2021 12: 09
                        +2
                        Shelgunova
                        I lived on a nearby street 1995-2001
                      4. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 19 January 2021 12: 30
                        +1
                        Quote: 3x3zsave
                        Shelgunova
                        I lived on a nearby street 1995-2001

                        I wonder which one smile I know and love Petrogradka, there is often on foot, but from this side of the Bolshoi. Not with that one. So it goes.
                      5. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 19 January 2021 12: 33
                        +2
                        Corner of Gatchinskaya and Small.
        2. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 19 January 2021 17: 47
          +1
          I used to go home from a night session at two o'clock in the morning.

          Our last session began at 10 pm, and by 12 it was over.
    2. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 09: 01
      +2
      Quote: Reptiloid
      and have not seen the Soviet film?

      I do not remember. Maybe I saw, but for some reason I did not remember. hi
    3. Nazar
      Nazar 19 January 2021 15: 04
      +4
      Reptiloid - Colleague, I have been living in Buryatia for over 20 years, I can tell you that Buddhist rituals are very peculiar of course, but there is nothing "frightening" in them.
      Another thing is that parallel to Buddhism, there is also an earlier local religion - shamanism, and it is just shamans who do not hesitate to intimidate the "clients" - the specificity is wink
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 19 January 2021 15: 38
        +3
        Hello Nazar! hi
        In Buryatia? I know about Aginsky Datsan, Gusinoozersky Datsan and Ivolginsky Datsan in Buryatia. And I myself live near Datsan Gunzechoinei in St. Petersburg. I wrote that rituals and theological constructions in films do not correspond to reality (especially in films about detective Putilin). Fantasy.
        In general, if we talk about Ungern, then different parallels arise - both the search for Ungern's gold, and the preparation of the expedition of Yakov Blumkin ... Blumkin himself is an extraordinary character. There is unconfirmed evidence that Blumkin visited Tibet twice. Many orientalists were shot in the 1930s, and so were Buddhist lamas.
        1. Nazar
          Nazar 19 January 2021 17: 54
          +3
          Reptiloid - Aginsky datsan, this is the Chita region. (now the Trans-Baikal Territory). Datsans have now been discovered a lot, but, as I wrote, shamanism quite coexists with Buddhism - a very peculiar phenomenon, especially in a modern version.
          Blumkin, of course, is an interesting type, he was a unique adventurer, but those who stood behind him are much more interesting, but very little is known about them.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 19 January 2021 18: 53
            +1
            Yes, at that time there were many interesting people, interesting ideas that were in secret, Dzerzhinsky appropriated a lot of gold for an expedition to Tibet. But they could not keep the secret. .... Punishment .... Tibet was then ruled by the British and wanted to reject it. ...
  • 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 19 January 2021 08: 46
    +5
    I think the author is used to working in the format of the "Warhead" resource, with which he collaborated for some time.
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 19 January 2021 13: 21
      +4
      Quote: 3x3zsave
      I think the author is used to working in the format of the "Warhead" resource, with which he collaborated for some time.

      Greetings Anton! hi
      It is very easy to read - he writes well, perhaps concisely, but the information comes in easily and almost everything is interesting.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 19 January 2021 13: 26
        +3
        Hi Albert!
        Actually, yes! I read his materials both here and on Warhead.
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 19 January 2021 13: 30
          +3
          Good writer, adequate and talented
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 19 January 2021 13: 35
            +4
            "Aunt Sonya never gets bad!" (C) laughing
  • gsev
    gsev 25 January 2021 21: 31
    0
    Quote: Stirbjorn
    Where is the description of his mystical throwing. White God of War

    A lot of things are not written in this article. How Ungern staged a Holocaust for Jews in Mongolia, how he introduced wild Chinese torture and executions into everyday life, when people were deliberately beaten with sticks so that a person's meat would come off the bones and he died of internal infection after such a beating after 3 days of torture. How Ungern ordered the villainous murder of refugees with whole families from Soviet Russia, leaders and members of the cooperative movement, mistaking them for Bolsheviks. Ungern did not take the Bolsheviks and Red commanders prisoner, organizing their cruel torture before death and desecration of corpses. Sometimes the Reds who fell into a stalemate entered the water and shot back from the Ungernovites, in order to drown after injury or death and not allow the Ungernovites to mock their dead body.
  • apro
    apro 19 January 2021 08: 42
    +5
    The Baron is one of the twists and turns of the crisis of Russian goal-setting. The Russians were chattering in all directions ... either Westernism, or an appeal to old Russian roots, or the eastern wind of change, or separaism ... denial of Russianness in the Cossacks, Malorussians, Siberians, or religious insanity. ...
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 19 January 2021 08: 47
      -1
      Quote: apro
      the Russians chattered in all directions.

      Aptly noticed.
    2. Nazar
      Nazar 19 January 2021 15: 06
      +2
      apro - Is this Ungern the "Russian"? Oh how ... belay
      1. apro
        apro 19 January 2021 15: 28
        0
        Quote: Nazar
        apro - Is this Ungern the "Russian"? Oh how ... belay

        Yes ... this is such a Russian, a true fighter against the communists.
    3. Machito
      Machito 19 January 2021 20: 30
      0
      Quote: apro
      The Baron is one of the twists and turns of the crisis of Russian goal-setting. The Russians were chattering in all directions ... either Westernism, or an appeal to old Russian roots, or the eastern wind of change, or separaism ... denial of Russianness in the Cossacks, Malorussians, Siberians, or religious insanity. ...

      The revolution opened the way for many passionaries.
  • Moskovit
    Moskovit 19 January 2021 09: 38
    +10
    I jarred the language of the article. But behind these "zadolbal" were hidden monstrous crimes, torture, executions, after which the execution seemed a blessing ...
    In order to truly understand who this person was, I recommend reading Yuzefovich's book about him. A detailed study, easy to read, just as easily flies the flair of mysticism from this crazy adventurer and tyrant.
    1. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 19 January 2021 12: 18
      +2
      Quote: Moskovit
      A detailed study, it is easy to read, just as easily the flair of mysticism flies off this crazy adventurer and tyrant.

      Yuzefovich noted that he deliberately does not climb into mysticism - only meticulous facts.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 19 January 2021 13: 02
        +1
        Quote: Stirbjorn
        Quote: Moskovit
        A detailed study, it is easy to read, just as easily the flair of mysticism flies off this crazy adventurer and tyrant.

        Yuzefovich noted that he deliberately does not climb into mysticism - only meticulous facts.

        Yes, good to read. As a person, interested in other traditions and adjusting to them, he tried to influence the situation.
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 19 January 2021 12: 56
      0
      ..... jarred the language of the article ...
      who knows? Those articles by Timur that are remembered --- were somewhat different ..... maybe the author is looking for new ways of expression? After all, other authors are in search. Sometimes very strange No.
      1. Moskovit
        Moskovit 19 January 2021 13: 18
        +2
        The attempt was not very successful). In the style of Yandex Zen). I hope the author will take this into account.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 19 January 2021 14: 07
          +1
          Quote: Moskovit
          The attempt was not very successful). In the style of Yandex Zen). I hope the author will take this into account.

          I remembered a recent one. About the influence of the environment. One of the smartest, 75-year-old teaching lady, Ph.D., said that she was now writing manuals for students. More often than others, she used such words, in different numbers and genders:
          Pushed (a, u)
          Got it out (a, u)
          Further in a similar style. In conclusion --- pulled up!tongue
          I understood: the students are to blame for this, their bad influence!
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 19 January 2021 18: 16
            -3
            Quote: Reptiloid
            One of the smartest teaching lady 75 years old, Ph.D., said

            Watch the film Republic of Shkid (1966g.)
            Literature teacher Pavel Ivanovich Arikov (actor Anatoly Stolbov) ....... eh-ma, do not marry students, all marry medical women, ..... this is how the teacher sang in front of his students.
            Two pair of boots, cinematography teacher Arikov and old Duura, 75 years old.
    3. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 19 January 2021 13: 22
      +2
      Quote: Moskovit
      I jarred the language of the article. But behind these "zadolbal" were hidden monstrous crimes, torture, executions, after which the execution seemed a blessing ...
      In order to truly understand who this person was, I recommend reading Yuzefovich's book about him. A detailed study, easy to read, just as easily flies the flair of mysticism from this crazy adventurer and tyrant.

      In my opinion, he was just a sociopath, sadiuga and a swindler))
  • iskanderzp
    iskanderzp 19 January 2021 10: 05
    +2
    The author regularly uses the phrase "our hero" in the article. With regard to Ungern, quotation marks are clearly asking. IMHO, in the usual sense, the term HERO is not applicable to the "wild baron". And his personal courage does not atone for what Ungern did.
    1. ee2100
      ee2100 19 January 2021 11: 16
      +2
      He is one of the heroes of the Civil War. The whole question is from what point to look.
      1. depressant
        depressant 19 January 2021 12: 18
        +5
        Apparently, I mean "the hero of the story." A frequently used technique in journalism, occasionally in fiction.
        Good day everyone! ))))
        1. ee2100
          ee2100 19 January 2021 13: 17
          +4
          I meant - the hero of the civil war. For comparison, look how many books have been written about Chapaev (anecdotes do not count) and how many about Ungern.
          Many times more. And who is the hero?
          1. depressant
            depressant 19 January 2021 14: 54
            +5
            A utilitarian interpretation of the concept of "hero" is irrelevant to specific circumstances. Usually a hero is understood as a person of exceptional courage and valor. And yet ... And yet - a fighter for a just idea. And not for the unification of nations and peoples into an empire, where they are still deprived of rights, - an empire as a predecessor of holobalization. Because the concept of "heroism" is inseparable from the concept of "valor".
            Valor is the highest virtue; firmness; the highest courage, readiness to overcome obstacles to achieve any high goal, dedication in any activity.
            In the actions of Ungern, a lofty goal was not traced, there was no virtue there either.
            It is difficult to compose a joke about the hero. You can write a sea of ​​jokes about a vicious person. There is something to cling to.
            1. ee2100
              ee2100 19 January 2021 15: 56
              +2
              If, as you write, you approach the question of the hero in a utilitarian manner, then you are right. But the civil war was a disaster for the whole country. The fact that the Bolsheviks won does not mean that the heroes were only from their side. And the Bolsheviks also understood this. Remember the story of General Slashchev.

              "Valor is the highest virtue; perseverance; the highest courage, readiness to overcome obstacles to achieve any high goal, dedication in any activity.
              In Ungern's actions, a high goal was not traced, there was no virtue there either. "(C)

              He had all this that you listed. He did not renounce the oath, he was a convinced monarchist. Its goal is the revival of the monarchy. And talking about virtues during the war is prohibitive. No one had wings behind his back and did not shine a halo. He released many prisoners of the Red Army, and shot commissars and Jews, which was often the same thing.
              Clearly not an angel. If you read a couple of books about him, then change your opinion about this person.
              1. depressant
                depressant 19 January 2021 16: 47
                +4
                The fact is that I am not interested in the personalities of bygone times. I am only interested in the principles for which they covered the historical field with their own bones. Monarchy, you say?
                Well, so we go to her - to what I completely deny as an ossified form of boorish attitude towards an ordinary person on the part of the higher castes. And from January 1 of this year, the campaign for the monarchy started. Silently. And so that no one understands anything, the brains of the population are littered with scandals with Navalny. The guy is doing it.
                1. ee2100
                  ee2100 19 January 2021 17: 26
                  +4
                  So it turns out that Baron Ungern will no longer be a nominal hero!
                  My opinion is that there is a dictatorship ahead. If the dictator is sane, then this is not the worst option.
          2. gsev
            gsev 25 January 2021 21: 37
            0
            Quote: ee2100
            For comparison, see how many books have been written about Chapaev (anecdotes do not count) and how many about Ungern.

            The name of Chapaev has been under unspoken silence for 30 years. Since 1991, modern propaganda has been trying to get at least some hare to the pedestal, but unsuccessfully. Kolchak became the supreme ruler on the orders of the British. Krasnov was a puppet of the Germans in 1918 and 1942. There was a Japanese division in Ungern's division.
  • Humpty
    Humpty 19 January 2021 11: 32
    +3
    Quote: Mordvin 3
    Out of 4 cinemas in our city, not a single one is left. Sorry.

    Very thoughtful. This is who people were considered for if there were only 4 cinemas in Kemerovo ...
    In our union, there were as many people living as now in your city. There were a dozen cinemas, plus several summer cinemas, and even the House of Cinema, where there is a cinema, but not all are allowed.
  • Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 19 January 2021 12: 48
    +1
    Quote: 3x3zsave
    Corner of Gatchinskaya and Small.

    Just great! Just on this side, there was a small cafe and a little in the direction of the police and the gymnasium, and the school, there are places that are often in the Lenfilm series. Both the end of the last century and recent ones. Just recently, my mother called to see how the showdown was removed from the side of the police ...
    !
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 19 January 2021 13: 45
      +1
      there was a small cafe
      It is still there, only then there was a store. Actually, he lived in this house. Here's a strange thing, I remember the apartment phone number, but I forgot the house number ... request
  • andrei anatolevich
    andrei anatolevich 19 January 2021 14: 09
    +1
    Interesting article, albeit a bit superficial. No more adventurous than the Bolsheviks. And fought for the idea. And the fact that this idea did not go to the masses is the problem of the masses. In the end, we got what we got ...
    1. gsev
      gsev 25 January 2021 21: 43
      0
      Quote: Andrey Anatolyevich
      No more adventurous than the Bolsheviks.

      Unlike the Bolsheviks, Ungern was unable to organize a viable state in Mongolia. Towards the end of his stay in Mongolia, he became a burden to the Mongols. They were unable to support his division. And his subordinates did not want to work honestly and dreamed of living on the neck of the Mongolian people all their lives. Therefore, Ungern led his division on the last disastrous campaign in Russia, realizing that the patience of the Mongols was coming to an end and he was in for a war in a foreign country in an alien nature with the rebellious Mongols.
  • gorenina91
    gorenina91 19 January 2021 19: 28
    +2
    - Personally, I would compare this Ungern with KARL XII ... - All the same adventurism; warfare ... -for the sake of the war itself ...; often an absolutely biased assessment of what is happening around them ...
    - And when power falls into the hands of such adventurers; then they start doing things out of the ordinary ... -It is obvious that such adventurers have existed in all ages ... - Most likely such were pirates, filibusters, privateers and other adventurers ...
  • Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master 19 January 2021 20: 12
    +4
    Excellent article, interesting and easy to read, thanks to the author.
    According to the character - in the early Middle Ages he could have achieved success, maybe he could even found his own dynasty ... Was born at the wrong time. And everything that happened to him is a historical pattern. He himself could not or did not want to change, but there were no forces and opportunities to change the world.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 19 January 2021 21: 32
      -1
      Litter article, if we call things by their proper names, the boy buries himself in. As the author, such are the admirers.
      1. Fat
        Fat 19 January 2021 22: 21
        0
        And I will support the author, Timur Sherzad, I liked the article. A well-balanced, correct article, I even passed the "Newspeak" words, slipped out of the spotlight ...
        And so yes, the article "outhouse", does it bother you? Hercules cleaned the Augean stables and was not embarrassed.
        Vladimir, are you a snob?
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 19 January 2021 22: 32
          -2
          An impudent young man, illiterate, an article about nothing, in a drunken company, let him tell drunken teenagers.
          1. Fat
            Fat 19 January 2021 22: 46
            +1
            I don't know anything about age and I don't want to know. The article is very clever, for adolescents, supporters of the long-suffering Alexei under the beer "niasilit". The style is a little annoying, well, and on VO the author recently. You and I, the "elderly", are accustomed to our own "smell" ....
            Let Timur be a "life-giving stream of fresh air" (to hell with him, even from the stables) yes
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 19 January 2021 22: 50
              -2
              What times, such are the authors and, there is nothing to add.
  • skobars
    skobars 19 January 2021 22: 40
    -3
    "brought fanatical radicals in the form of Bolsheviks to power" - the author clearly sympathizes with the hero of the article and the power of the bourgeoisie. Only these alleged fanatics saved Russia. And Ungern was ultimately against the restoration of the country. But the personality is really extraordinary.
    1. Fat
      Fat 19 January 2021 23: 22
      0
      Quote: skobars
      "brought fanatical radicals in the form of Bolsheviks to power"

      Suggest your own, "politically correct" wording! And everything will be clear! Maintaining a proletarian position is now in a "trend". Give it clearly, in a Marxist scientific way, without pulling out the annoying shreds of text from the article. Well, let the Bolsheviks not be "fanatical radicals" ... And the "Left SRs"?
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