Military Review

Tomahawk Block V cruise missiles are approaching adoption

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Tomahawk Block V cruise missiles are approaching adoption

Tomahawk Block V missile launch by USS Chaffee (DDG-90), November 30, 2020


In the United States, work continues on the creation of new modifications of the Tomahawk cruise missile, known under the general designation Block V. The first version of the updated missile has already been brought to operational tests, and this year it will enter service with the Navy. The other two options will be tested and accepted later. It is expected that the appearance of three updated missiles with different features will positively affect the combat capabilities of surface ships and submarines.

On development stage


Work on the creation of the next modifications of the Tomahawk rocket based on the Block IV modification started at the end of the XNUMXs. The forces of a number of organizations in parallel worked out several decisions aimed at improving the characteristics and expanding the capabilities of the rocket.

So, in 2009, Raytheon Missile Systems received an order for the development of a new high-explosive-penetrating warhead Joint Multiple Effects Warhead System (JMEWS) with a programmable fuse and increased performance. The next contract for the technical design, manufacture and testing of such warheads in the final configuration appeared only in 2017.

Since 2012, Raytheon has been working on a modification of the Tomahawk called the Maritime Strike Tomahawk (MST). This project involved equipping the existing missile with a new homing head of an unnamed type. Various sources have mentioned the possibility of using an active radar or television seeker. With the help of such equipment, it would be possible to hit mobile surface targets.

In parallel, a search was carried out for ways to improve the airframe, power plant, control systems, etc. In particular, it was planned to increase immunity to interference, ensure full operation in the absence of GPS signals, and also get a retargeting function in flight. A key element of this project was the Integrated Single Box Solution (ISBS).

Three modifications


Since the fall of 2018, the new Tomahawk rocket modernization project has been officially designated Block V. It was announced that in the future, three versions of such a rocket, created using the latest developments, will go into series. Due to this, it is planned to expand the range of tasks to be solved and increase the flexibility of the use of cruise missiles.

The first in the new family should be a rocket designated as Tomahawk Block V. It was made on the basis of the previous Block IV modification using an updated airframe, improved on-board systems and an integrated instrument cluster. Such a rocket is seen as a direct development of the ideology of previous products with increased characteristics.

The Tomahawk Block Va project provides for the creation of a Block V modification with an MST homing head. Thus, the anti-ship version of the Tomahawk will again appear in the arsenals of the Navy. A missile of this class was already in service, but it was abandoned back in the mid-nineties.


Later, the Tomahawk Block Vb product will appear - a version of the original rocket with a high-power JMEWS warhead. With its help, it is proposed to more effectively hit a wide range of targets, including protected ground targets.

All projects of the Block V series provide for serial production by reworking existing Block IV missiles. It is also possible to release completely new products. The missiles of the new modifications can be used by surface ships and submarines, which will require some modification of the instruments and software of the carrier.

Missiles under test


To date, the Block V rocket with improved communication and control systems has passed field tests. At the end of November, a new stage of inspections started - operational tests on the carrier ship. The test launches were entrusted to the crew of the destroyer USS Chafee (DDG-90).

The first launch in the framework of the new tests took place on November 30 at one of the offshore ranges of the US West Coast. The next day, a new launch took place. In both cases, Block V missiles were used, rebuilt from weapons previous modification. Also during these events, a "test" launch of the Tomahawk Block IV missile was carried out.

Before launch, the coordinates of the original target were entered into the missile guidance system. Already during the flight, the missiles were given a new target designation, which implied a serious deviation from the original route. Both missiles successfully coped with the task and hit new targets.

In the recent past, the development company has conducted various tests of the main components of the Block Va and Block Vb projects. Flight tests of such missiles will take place in the near future and should be completed in the shortest possible time. After 2023-24 missiles of these modifications are planned to be adopted and put into production.

Production plans


In the summer of 2020, Raytheon fulfilled its last contract for the production of Tomahawk cruise missiles in the Block IV version of Lot 15. Immediately after that, it was able to start implementing further plans for the development of missile weapons. In 2019, the Pentagon adopted a program to extend the life of cruise missiles, based on the Block V project. As a result of this program, existing missiles will remain in service for 15 years, until 2034.


All Tomahawk Block III missiles in the coming years will be decommissioned and disposed of due to moral and physical obsolescence. In parallel, the modernization of Block IV products will be carried out according to the new Block V project. In an unspecified time frame, it is planned to update in this way all available missiles - with a known increase in combat qualities.

The missile modernization process has already begun. Products of this origin have been used in recent tests and are also being delivered to warehouses. This year, the Tomahawk Block V with ISBS will go into service and this will launch a full-scale missile conversion. There are already two major orders for this upgrade. The work will be carried out at Raytheon sites with the participation of a number of subcontractors.

In FY2020 Raytheon manufactured the first 20 kits for converting Block IV Tomahawks into Block Va. Delivery of another 50 such kits and the start of operational tests are expected in the current fiscal year. The initial operational readiness of missiles with MST equipment will be achieved in 2022-23. At the same time or later, the fleet will begin to receive the first serial Block Vb missiles.

It is noted that the proposed plan for the modernization of cruise missiles has many advantages. At a limited cost, it will allow the existing models to remain in service and operate until the middle of the next decade. At the same time, new combat capabilities are emerging, providing greater flexibility of use.

Development continues


Despite major advances in missile weapons, the Tomahawk family retains its place in the US Navy's arsenals. They are planned to be used at least until the mid-thirties, for which a large modernization project is being implemented right now.

The development and fine-tuning of individual components of the Block V project took a lot of time, but the first sample of the new line has already been brought to tests on a carrier ship, and this year it will enter service with the Navy. This gives the American the fleet serious reason for optimism. It is possible that all plans for the Tomahawk Block V will be fully implemented and on time.
Author:
Photos used:
US Navy
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  1. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 14 January 2021 18: 14
    +14
    The Tomahawk is also returning to the Army and the ILC as a medium-range missile targeting ground and sea targets. The series will also go into production in 2023.

    1. venik
      venik 14 January 2021 18: 35
      +1
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      The Tomahawk is also returning to the Army and the ILC as a medium-range missile targeting ground and sea targets. The series will also go into production in 2023.


      ========
      Well, that means it is necessary to accelerate the entry into the troops and our systems:



      Other!
      soldier
      1. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik 14 January 2021 18: 43
        +3
        Better these systems
        1. venik
          venik 14 January 2021 18: 58
          -2
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          Better these systems

          =========
          Sorry! I forgot to mention THESE systems ... As well as about these:

          What to do .... Age (his mother) .... Damned sclerosis completely tortured!
          Yes, and about "Zircon" - completely forgotten .... Although, HOW it looks - it is not known for certain yet, BUT!
          Generally, how to answer - THERE IS!
          drinks hi
      2. antivirus
        antivirus 14 January 2021 18: 47
        -13%
        again, the Aerospace Forces and the Strategic Missile Forces with air defense are not aircraft carriers. everything is lost. plaster ... nibble on white stones ... cons ... no prospects for the fleet.
        or are there no aircraft carriers?








        laughed and for work
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 14 January 2021 19: 09
      -26%
      Subsonic cruise missiles - over the flat terrain of Europe and the water surface of the seas and oceans - have found something to frighten these missiles even from the ZUSHka can be shot down.
      1. Avior
        Avior 14 January 2021 19: 36
        +12
        watched the statistics shot down in Yugoslavia? Formally, there were all the possibilities.
        1. paul3390
          paul3390 14 January 2021 19: 44
          -5
          I would not say that Serbia is really a flat country ... what
          In addition, in defense against massive missile launches, the main thing is not so much to overwhelm them as to immediately smash them with something adequate in response.
          1. 3danimal
            3danimal 14 January 2021 22: 30
            +6
            Make excuses.
            CDs are all subsonic, emphasis on range, stealth and low-altitude flight.
            1. Vadim237
              Vadim237 15 January 2021 02: 07
              -9
              Therefore, it is easier to shoot them down.
              1. 3danimal
                3danimal 15 January 2021 03: 12
                +2
                An inevitable compromise. They should have a long range, heavy (about 30% of the mass) conventional warheads with reasonable weight and dimensions. And so it turns out.
        2. Vadim237
          Vadim237 15 January 2021 02: 06
          -8
          Well, yes, they would - if then in 1999 Yugoslavia had a unified air defense system and modern air defense systems.
          1. Avior
            Avior 15 January 2021 02: 12
            +4
            these missiles can even be shot down from a ZUSHka.

            smile
            Yugoslavia had enough forces, theoretically capable of shooting down the Tomahawks.
            but the results are very modest.
            1. paul3390
              paul3390 15 January 2021 10: 57
              -1
              I don't think that S-125 and Kvadrat are enough forces to massively bring down missiles, especially in mountainous terrain .. Moreover, in the absence of a unified system and modern detection equipment ..
              1. Avior
                Avior 15 January 2021 11: 12
                +2
                Did they find the F-117 somehow? not an easy task.
                And the conversation goes that knocking down a Tomahawk is a trifling matter, any anti-aircraft gun can be.
                1. paul3390
                  paul3390 15 January 2021 11: 21
                  +4
                  Everything was tricky there. The P-18 "Terek" can detect stealth, but cannot aim at them. And Dani traced the routes and ambushed the C-125 .. Moreover, Dani himself claimed that he was able to catch the capture at the moment when the F-117 opened the bomb bays ..
                  As you can see, this is the result of the American squabbling, who allowed the repetition of the routes, the high training of the Serbs, and the cunning of Colonel Dani, who very competently disposed of what he had ...
          2. Cherry Nine
            Cherry Nine 15 January 2021 07: 13
            +4
            Which countries have a unified air defense system? You are not fantasizing about Russia for an hour?
        3. DmSol
          DmSol 15 January 2021 16: 18
          0
          what statistics is NATO or ours / Serbian? If you add both and divide in half, then it will be approximately true. And you won't like it :)
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 14 January 2021 19: 43
        +15
        "You can even knock down from a ZUSHKA." ///
        ----
        It's easy to shoot down. If you know that she is flying.
        And target designation can only be obtained from the air.
      3. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik 14 January 2021 20: 10
        +4
        The whole problem is detection. If the Tomahawk is flying at an altitude of 400 meters, a ground-based radar (installed at an altitude of 15 meters) will detect it, with a theoretical maximum range of 98 km, at an altitude of 40 meters, 42 km.
        In reality, things are even worse. At such heights, the terrain, weather conditions, natural and man-made interference strongly affect. Not to mention the electronic warfare.
        Therefore, we need airplanes and UAVs for AWACS and electronic warfare; without them, ground air defense is virtually incapable of combat.




        1. Dread
          Dread 15 January 2021 01: 07
          -10%
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          Therefore, we need airplanes and UAVs for AWACS and electronic warfare; without them, ground air defense is virtually incapable of combat.

          The war in SYRIA, without the UAV AWACS and electronic warfare, did it show you anything? 70% of the targets were destroyed in the raid on Syria, where, in addition to the Tomahawks, there were other newest missiles from the USA, Great Britain, France - while the Russian air defense did not intervene. How did the Syrian air defense, during the raid on April 18, 2018, reflect the raid of NATO countries without UAVs with AWACS and electronic warfare?
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          In reality, things are even worse. At such heights, the terrain is strongly affected, weather, natural and man-made interference. Not to mention the electronic warfare.

          1. How weather conditions affect the operation of an air defense system, for example, "Pantsir-C1"?
          2. How EW especially affects work
          SAM, when flying at an altitude of H = 40 meters? Answer please.
          1. PSih2097
            PSih2097 15 January 2021 01: 22
            +1
            Quote: Dread
            The war in Syria, without the UAV AWACS and electronic warfare, did you show anything? 70% of the targets were destroyed in the raid on Syria, where, in addition to the Tomahawks, there were other newest missiles from the USA, Great Britain, France

            but do not remember where they flew from? in the sea, hilly terrain, as it were, does not happen ... repeat
            1. Avior
              Avior 15 January 2021 02: 14
              +11
              if only 70 percent of destroyed targets could be confirmed.
              1. 3danimal
                3danimal 15 January 2021 03: 14
                +12
                How can you not believe our TV about 70% shot down! Have they ever posted fakes? smile
          2. Cherry Nine
            Cherry Nine 15 January 2021 07: 16
            +10
            Quote: Dread
            How did the Syrian air defense, during the raid on April 18, 2018, reflect the raid of NATO countries without UAVs with AWACS and electronic warfare?

            You do not.
            Quote: Dread
            1. How weather conditions affect the operation of an air defense system, for example, "Pantsir-C1"?
            2. How EW especially affects work
            SAM, when flying at an altitude of H = 40 meters?

            No way. The Pantsir air defense systems are useless against such targets. As far as is known, they are generally practically useless.
        2. Vadim237
          Vadim237 15 January 2021 02: 08
          -9
          Russia already has over-the-horizon radars just for detecting CR.
          1. Cherry Nine
            Cherry Nine 15 January 2021 07: 22
            +8
            Quote: Vadim237
            over-the-horizon radars are just for detecting CR.

            ZGRLS for the detection of KR? Really?
            By the way. These things are in your religion

            Do they also see CD, or does it work only from one side?
        3. Usher
          Usher 15 January 2021 04: 20
          -5
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          The whole problem is detection. If the Tomahawk is flying at an altitude of 400 meters, a ground-based radar (installed at an altitude of 15 meters) will detect it, with a theoretical maximum range of 98 km, at an altitude of 40 meters, 42 km.
          In reality, things are even worse. At such heights, the terrain, weather conditions, natural and man-made interference strongly affect. Not to mention the electronic warfare.
          Therefore, we need airplanes and UAVs for AWACS and electronic warfare; without them, ground air defense is virtually incapable of combat.





          Then what? Your numbers?
      4. arkadiyssk
        arkadiyssk 15 January 2021 09: 48
        +5
        Many Israeli rockets near Damascus were shot down by the Syrians? Something no matter how the raid, the result of the air defense work is zero, everything that the Jews wanted to destroy was ruined. Although it would seem that both Assad's air defense is normal and the Israelis have subsonic missiles ...
        1. ironic
          ironic 24 February 2021 16: 43
          +1
          Electronic warfare + blende missiles. Subsonic with low ESR is even more difficult than supersonic, which can be seen at a glance.
  2. venik
    venik 14 January 2021 18: 14
    -6
    "... Tomahawk Block V cruise missiles are approaching adoption ..."
    =======
    Well, it means that it doesn't bother us to hurry up ... With the adoption of "Zircons", "Daggers" (naval version) and other newest systems! Delay and procrastination here are "like death"!
    1. 3danimal
      3danimal 14 January 2021 22: 32
      -2
      As one of the country's leaders said: we make rockets like sausages.
      1. Kalmar
        Kalmar 15 January 2021 09: 15
        +5
        Quote: 3danimal
        As one of the country's leaders said: we make rockets like sausages.

        Yeah, and then they fly the same way. No, don't like sausages, let them do it normally.
        Seriously though, the missiles themselves are not even half the trouble. We need carriers, means of reconnaissance and target designation, and a lot more.
    2. ironic
      ironic 24 February 2021 16: 46
      +1
      The dagger is aeroBR. Against ships, this is possible only out of desolation. Therefore, from the States for a long distance, these are Axes, they bought them for a short distance from the Europeans, and Harpoons are modernized for an average one.
  3. Sergst
    Sergst 14 January 2021 18: 22
    -9
    Read up to "increased power "and threw it.
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 14 January 2021 18: 48
      -7
      even the source of the hanged power is not specified ..
      author's article based on intelligence data?
      I wrote about the lack of links many times ..........
      1. ironic
        ironic 24 February 2021 16: 50
        +2
        There are inaccuracies, but as a whole the Americans are already in the last year fully engaged in CD issues on ships and CD issues on moving targets on land and on penetrating heads to the CD. In fact, the CD could be used on ships anyway, but at limited distances due to the lack of suitable means of search at a distance. Now this deficiency is covered and Harpoon is returned as a gap between far and near means of destruction.
    2. Nemchinov Vl
      Nemchinov Vl 14 January 2021 19: 09
      +3
      Quote: Sergst
      I read up to "increased power" and quit.
      count to the end (!).... usually Ryabov's information from the first five paragraphs, in the next fifteen, is only repeated (copy paste), in different compilation ...
    3. Alien From
      Alien From 14 January 2021 23: 34
      +3
      The sausages weren't first class!
    4. DominickS
      DominickS 15 January 2021 17: 04
      +2
      What is the problem? The first time you saw the term?
      The power of ammunition
      The ability of shells, warheads of missiles, aerial bombs, mines and other ammunition in nuclear and conventional weapons to cause damage of the required level to the target (target); characterizes their action at the target. The power of a nuclear warhead is determined by its power, measured by the TNT equivalent q, in comparison with the protection of the target, characterized, for example, by the excess pressure necessary to hit the object in the front of the shock wave. Indicator M.b. can be the area of ​​the affected area (its average value is the area of ​​the reduced affected area) or the radius of the reduced area. A fairly complete reflection of M.b. finds in the coordinate law of destruction of an object, i.e. depending on the conditional probability of hitting a point target on the distance between the target and the epicenter of the explosion. M. b. is a property of the projectile-target system. A projectile of the same power has little power when it hits a heavily defended target and great power when it hits a weakly protected target. M. b. can change over time if the security of the target is changed during the impact. For example, when a protected silo launcher is struck when a protective device is opened, the power of the impacting warhead increases sharply. A fairly complete reflection of M.b. from time to time sets the coordinate-time law of destruction of the object.

      Characteristics of M.b. are widely used in planning strikes, in calculating the security standards of objects, in the design of weapons systems, etc. M. b. is an important determining factor in the effectiveness of the combat use of weapons. Nuclear weapons are very powerful against a wide range of different targets. However, the probability of hitting a target cannot serve as an adequate indicator of the target mass, since for its determination it is necessary to take into account the accuracy of the delivery of the warhead to the target. M. b. is a necessary condition for the effectiveness of a strike, but not sufficient.
  4. Usher
    Usher 15 January 2021 04: 19
    -8
    In the United States, work continues on the creation of new modifications of the Tomahawk cruise missile, known under the general designation Block V. The first version of the updated missile has already been brought to operational tests, and this year it will enter service with the Navy. The other two options will be tested and accepted later. It is expected that the appearance of three updated missiles with different features will positively affect the combat capabilities of surface ships and submarines.
    And whatoooo !!! ???? Everything is expected)))) With different features! Which will have a positive effect! Stupid article. To be honest.
  5. ironic
    ironic 24 February 2021 16: 38
    0
    Not only 20, but 30 sets and have already been modernized in the 20th year.