Military Review

ACS Captain Becker

45
ACS Captain Becker

Having found a mention of this artillery system, I was surprised no less than the Red Army men who discovered destroyed vehicles near Leningrad in 1942. Our soldiers have seen the German and Czech "menagerie" in their sights more than once, but here ...


But let's start in order.

As you know, in 1940, British units were urgently evacuated from Dunkirk, throwing weapon and ammunition. And even heavy equipment and even more so.

So at the disposal of the Wehrmacht were samples of British tanks, which the leadership of the panzerwaffe did not interest. But Captain Becker drew attention to one of these samples - the MK VI light tank. Then he was the commander of the 12th battery of the 227th artillery regiment of the 227th infantry division.

As a mechanical engineer by training, Becker quickly realized that after dismantling a rather large turret with useless machine gun armament from the MK VI, a good chassis for a howitzer could be obtained.

Let us recall what this initial sample was.


The MK VI light tank was mass-produced in Great Britain from 1936 to 1940. It had a mass of 5 tons, armor from 3 to 14 mm, armament from a pair of large-caliber machine guns and rifle caliber, as well as an enviable mobility of 58 km per hour.

1285 units were produced. But the cars did not enjoy much love among the crews.

So, having looked after the abandoned tanks, Becker set to work.

The tower and some extra equipment were dismantled. The resulting opening was enlarged and a 105 mm leFH 16 field howitzer was mounted in it. All this was fenced off with an armored wheelhouse partially open from above and behind.

It turned out rough, but roomy. In front, the crew was covered by 22-mm armor, from the sides - 15-mm. At that time, it was not even bad.

The mass of the new howitzer has grown to 6,5 tons.

But the speed dropped slightly. Different sources mention 40 and 50 km per hour.

The crew consisted of 4 people: commander, gunner, loader and driver.

The maximum firing range was 9200 meters. Carried ammunition - 15 shots.


The car passed the tests successfully. And the go-ahead was given to recycle several more machines.

In total, 12 copies were converted. The first six were assigned to the freelance battery number 15 of the same 227th regiment.

But Becker and his subordinates were not destined to bask for long on the coast of France.

After the attack of Hitler's Germany on the USSR and the failure of the Barbarossa plan, Army Group Sever, stuck near Leningrad, demanded reinforcements. And the 227th division was transferred to the northwest of the Soviet Union.

From October 15, the battery arrives near Ladoga. And already on the 23rd, it enters the hostilities, firing more than 200 shells.

Then the command tries to use the improvised self-propelled guns as assault weapons. But the debut was not successful - the loss was four wounded, including Captain Becker.

On November 11, the first platoon of the 15th battery entered battle with Soviet tanks near the village of Khotovskaya Gorka.

One SPG received 16 hits, but without a single penetration. Apparently, due to the fact that the opponents were Soviet light tanks T-40, the armament of which was a large-caliber machine gun. The losses of the Soviet side amounted to two tanks.

November 15, a new attempt to use the ACS in the advancing order. And again the losses - three killed. One gun was damaged, later repaired and put into operation.

During the month of fighting, the battery used up more than 1300 rounds. The car was rated high. Good maneuverability and reliability of the ACS were noted.


Well, and then began the decline of the short career of self-propelled guns of Captain Becker.

On February 16, the battery's guns took part in repelling the offensive of the 54th Army.

German self-propelled guns collided with heavy KV tanks. And an unpleasant surprise was the realization that armor-piercing 105-mm howitzers were powerless against well-armored tanks.

The losses of cars grew.

And, despite the repairs, by August 27, when the offensive of the Volkhov Front began, the 15th battery was left with only two combat-ready guns.

One self-propelled gun was sent to reinforce units piercing the corridor to the semi-encircled 366 infantry regiment. And there she was shot from the PTR.

The second SPG was sent to cover one of the supply routes. And it was knocked out by tankmen of the 98th tank brigade.

The fate of six more self-propelled guns could not be traced.

Perhaps they have perished ingloriously in the vast expanses of the Soviet Union.

Or maybe they burned down somewhere in Normandy?

Author:
Photos used:
website warspot.ru, yandex zen.
45 comments
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  1. bad
    bad 15 January 2021 11: 10
    +41
    Thanks to the author. I have not heard of such an SPG.
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 15 January 2021 11: 30
      +18
      Not only did I not hear, but even looking at the photo I cannot understand how this misunderstanding could withstand the recoil of 105mm? Of course, you can see the stops there, but you won't ride with them, you won't turn around quickly.
      1. tasha
        tasha 15 January 2021 13: 19
        +4
        how this misunderstanding withstood 105mm recoil
        Howitzer with separate loading, maybe they fired on a lower charge ...
        1. NDR-791
          NDR-791 15 January 2021 13: 22
          +3
          Howitzer with separate loading
          I know, but then it makes sense to put 105? Rather, as an ersatz. The dog will take some time with her.
          1. tasha
            tasha 15 January 2021 13: 29
            +5
            Of course an ersatz. Moreover, many of the batteries were horse-drawn.
            It turned out to be a very dangerous shushpanzer ..
            1. NDR-791
              NDR-791 15 January 2021 13: 33
              +6
              many of the batteries were horse-drawn.
              Bring, unharness, hide the horses. Then everything is back under fire ...
          2. garri-lin
            garri-lin 16 January 2021 12: 13
            +2
            You cannot shoot at full range without a full charge. But at short distances it should be effective. Roughly like a mortar, but more concrete. Shoot at the shelters.
        2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 15 January 2021 13: 58
          +2
          Quote: tasha
          how this misunderstanding withstood 105mm recoil
          Howitzer with separate loading, maybe they fired on a lower charge ...

          You are wrong. leFN 16 is a light howitzer with a unitary round.
          1. tasha
            tasha 15 January 2021 14: 06
            +5
            You are wrong. leFN 16 is a light howitzer with a unitary round.
            It's strange. The source of information will be?
            In order not to rummage for a long time, I will quote from the wiki:
            "The high explosive round was supplied in two components. Each was loaded separately as a two-part round. The high explosive shell would be loaded first followed by the cartridge propellant case. Depending on the range of the target, different sized bags of propellant were inserted into the cartridge. The gun was not fitted with a muzzle brake "

            Article 10.5 cm leFH 16 Geschützwagen Mk VI 736 (e)
            1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
              Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 15 January 2021 15: 07
              +6
              Yes, it's my fault, binary loading. Confused, sorry hi
              1. tasha
                tasha 15 January 2021 15: 53
                +7
                It's a matter of everyday life. You helped to find a typo - in the text of the article: leFN 16. Correct: leFH 16. We are great wink hi
      2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 15 January 2021 14: 05
        +4
        Quote: NDR-791
        Not only did I not hear, but even looking at the photo I cannot understand how this misunderstanding could withstand the recoil of 105mm? Of course, you can see the stops there, but you won't ride with them, you won't turn around quickly.

        They also managed to stick this howitzer into captured French BA)
    2. Crowe
      Crowe 15 January 2021 11: 32
      +18
      Quote: malo
      Thanks to the author.

      Join us!
      Quote: malo
      I have not heard of such an SPG.

      Me too - the more interesting it is to read, you must admit! The carriage for this "VO" and like it - you can always read something new and interesting!
    3. The leader of the Redskins
      15 January 2021 15: 32
      +18
      Thanks to everyone who commented on the article. Since childhood, I have been interested in armored vehicles and, therefore, having read about this instance, I myself was surprised and hastened to share information.
  2. Cowbra
    Cowbra 15 January 2021 11: 34
    +7
    British tanks traditionally cause wild rzhach. By the way, to this day - an example - a Challenger in Iraq came across a trench:

    ... and left
    And this freak was no better. But the gloomy Teutons even managed to make something out of him!
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 15 January 2021 11: 39
      +4
      A challenger in Iraq stumbled upon a trench:
      wassat In the photo he and BEFORE the trench have some kind of wobbling track drinks And, by the way, all our samples in which British fish soup are sticking out also showed themselves not ice!
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 15 January 2021 11: 55
        +4
        In addition to the T-27 tankette, T-26 tanks; 28; 35 - were there more? Which British ears were still sticking out?
        T-28s fought until 1944.
        T-26s ended the war in 1945.
        The Kuomintang evacuated their T-26s to Formosa and did not write them off until the 50s of the last century.
        1. NDR-791
          NDR-791 15 January 2021 12: 03
          +3
          T-28s fought until 1944.
          T-26s ended the war in 1945.

          I don't argue with that. Only now it is far from in its original form, that's what I mean. We and the MS-1 near Moscow drove the Germans.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 15 January 2021 12: 12
            +5
            From which European pre-war tank did British ears stick out? Only the French. And wedges are all descendants of the British "boxes" K-L. And in its original form by 1939, few tanks remained. Modernization. On the fact of use in the troops and under the influence of the trends of the times.
            1. The leader of the Redskins
              15 January 2021 22: 59
              +3
              Well, for example, Czech lt - 38. The original suspension.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 15 January 2021 16: 09
          +5
          Quote: hohol95
          In addition to the T-27 tankette, T-26 tanks; 28; 35 - were there more? Which British ears were still sticking out?

          And yak! Of them, however, ears also protruded - but already Mickey Mouse. smile
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 15 January 2021 16: 32
            0
            Funny ... And funny. good hi
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 15 January 2021 17: 31
              +7
              Quote: hohol95
              Funny ... And funny. good hi

              1. hohol95
                hohol95 15 January 2021 20: 03
                +1
                This "Teutons" invented! Probably so that their tanks were not given "klikuhi" in the shape of the hatches - they made hatches for 3 and 4 in the sides of the tower. Except for the commander, of course.
              2. hohol95
                hohol95 15 January 2021 20: 07
                +3
                A similar nickname fits the T-34-76 with a nut turret. Also two round hatches, like ears ...
                1. Alexey RA
                  Alexey RA 16 January 2021 15: 21
                  +5
                  Quote: hohol95
                  A similar nickname fits the T-34-76 with a nut turret. Also two round hatches, like ears ...

                  Yes, the T-34 with the "nut" - the ideal "ears" of Mickey Mouse.

                  At BT, the shape of the hatches is a little disappointing - they are oval.
  3. Dmitry Makarov
    Dmitry Makarov 15 January 2021 11: 40
    -6
    I am often amazed at the ugliness of Hitler's ersatz systems. Only potential defeatists could fight with such weapons.
    1. hohol95
      hohol95 15 January 2021 11: 58
      +8
      They did not have enough of their own chassis, so they came up with similar designs from vehicles captured from the enemy. French tanks were also converted into different self-propelled guns.
    2. Alexander Morozov
      Alexander Morozov 15 January 2021 12: 21
      +12
      Well, here is also Erzats system, and nothing was at war.
      https://topwar.ru/1851-tank-ni-1.html
    3. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 15 January 2021 12: 49
      +5
      Quote: Dmitry Makarov
      I am often amazed at the ugliness of Hitler's ersatz systems. Only potential defeatists could fight with such weapons.

      And what exactly?
  4. bubalik
    bubalik 15 January 2021 18: 09
    +5
    Alfred Becker turns out to be an outstanding personality.
  5. Saxahorse
    Saxahorse 15 January 2021 21: 43
    +4
    The article is good, thanks to the author! The truth with the pictures is some kind of trouble, the last are some small ones at all.
    1. volodimer
      volodimer 17 January 2021 16: 11
      +3
      The self-propelled gun is not massive, because the portfolio is scarce. It's good that the author could imagine such.
  6. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 15 January 2021 22: 40
    +4
    HOW Leader! Thank you for the SPG, I honestly did not know about its existence !!
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      15 January 2021 23: 01
      +3
      Always happy to share. If I dig up something else, I will definitely try to write)))
  7. bairat
    bairat 15 January 2021 23: 09
    +4
    Let it be ersatz and funny. But he did his job. We have not guessed to convert light tanks into self-propelled guns, and this is bad.
    1. volodimer
      volodimer 17 January 2021 16: 13
      +1
      I was always interested in what kind of self-propelled guns like Stug or Marder could be muddied on the basis of BT. what Although the BT with a 76mm gun was already in a sense.
      1. bairat
        bairat 18 January 2021 10: 18
        +1
        Marder's base, Pz 2, or Pz 38, why are BTs worse?
      2. The leader of the Redskins
        18 January 2021 10: 30
        +1
        On the basis of BT, the Finns parted - the ACS turned out like our KV2!)))
        But the Romanians even managed to adapt the T 60 to our own Soviet weapon.
        1. volodimer
          volodimer 20 January 2021 10: 49
          +1
          Thanks for the info, looked. With the Romanian self-propelled gun is understandable. In principle, we moved from the T-60 to the T-70 and created the SU-76, so we had something similar. If, instead of the ZIS-3, we put the ZIS-2, it would be a good light tank destroyer. But in the presence of the SU-85 is not relevant.
          But the Finnish "KV" impressed. Although, in vain they decided to make a tower, with an open fixed wheelhouse it was possible to make an analogue of the sIG-33.
          And we could, too, if 152 mm 1910/37 were delivered. On the Far East, BT was enough for such a conversion, only there were no factories.
          The Japanese would hardly have liked such self-propelled vehicles.
          1. The leader of the Redskins
            20 January 2021 13: 17
            -1
            ZiS 2 was installed on a lightly armored "Komsomolets" tractor, but after the shot the car rocked for so long that it was difficult to direct.
            And, in general, it was so difficult with self-propelled guns in the USSR because before the war any proposal to convert part of the tanks into self-propelled guns could be regarded as an "enemy of the people" - there were not enough tanks for ambitious plans.
            1. volodimer
              volodimer 20 January 2021 13: 28
              0
              I know about the self-propelled gun based on the "Komsomolets", that base was clearly rather weak for the self-propelled gun. Before the war, the BT-7A was apparently the maximum. But I, in fact, am surprised by the lack of attempts to remake the clearly outdated BT into a self-propelled gun in a year that way 43m. Apparently, the shortage of line tanks was greatly affected.
  8. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
    Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 15 January 2021 23: 11
    +3
    I think that we did burn out together with the Guns ... But in general, an interesting thing, in its essence - homemade. But that's not destiny.
  9. DrEng527
    DrEng527 16 January 2021 15: 18
    +3
    by the way, a good option for converting two-turret T-26s into SPGs, when installing old three-inch guns ...
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      18 January 2021 10: 32
      0
      Made in besieged Leningrad. Few, however, it seems six pieces in total. And behind the shield cover.
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