Military Review

The ballad about the T-55. Maturity

64
The ballad about the T-55. Maturity
Tank T-55AM. Photo of 2013, taken 94 km from Mogadishu


Then your maturity
Your disobedience to fate
Appreciate the bitter and sober
The judgment of people equal to you!

Rudyard Kipling. "Burden of Whites" Translated by A. Sergeev.

Tanks- monuments. The T-55 tank, in fact, was a fairly deep and well-thought-out modernization of the T-54 that preceded it and at the same time a real conglomerate of research and development studies at the Kharkov plant number 75 and OKB-520 from Nizhny Tagil.

Many hands, as you know, as well as heads, make everything better. So it is not surprising that this tank has found wide application not only in the Soviet army, but also in many armies of the world.


And this is a photo of the T-55 tower, standing among the pine trees in Penza near the chapel. During the discussion of the previous article, there was a dispute about whether it was the right tank, and whether the exhibitors were mistaken with the signature. Alas, it will not be possible to find out this until the summer, since all of it up to the tower has been covered with snow today. You can see the mounts for the anti-aircraft machine gun, but on the T-55 it was not? But ... it was not only on the first models, and then it was put back on, so it doesn't mean anything.

Our opponents also did not sleep.

And here, first of all, the armament of the latest new tanks in the USA, England, and then in Germany with the new 105-mm L7 tank gun, developed by gunsmiths in England, but turned out to be so successful that it was also produced in the USA, began to matter. by assigning the index M68.


And the signature on the plate next to it - here it is. And since PVAIU was responsible for the installation, why not believe her?

Its main advantage was the high muzzle velocity of the armor-piercing subcaliber projectile, equal to 1475 m / s, which allowed the new tanks of our potential opponents to hit the T-55 from a distance of 1800 m.And at a distance of 2000 m, this projectile could penetrate a sheet of armor 210 mm thick ...

Experts calculated that in a duel between the T-55 and the M60, the chances of his victory over the latter (all other things being equal) are 1: 3. That is, destroying this one tank, we risked losing three of our vehicles.

It was this calculation that served as the reason for such a hasty development, and then the adoption of the T-62 tank, on which, along with the strengthening of the booking, they began to install an even more powerful 115-mm U-5TS smoothbore gun.


Well, today the illustrations for this material will again be drawings made by A. Sheps, and we will once again visit “our tank freak show”. And the first in it will go tanks T-54, the predecessors of our T-55 ... And we will start with the very first T-54, which appeared back in 1945.

The resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR "On measures to ensure the comprehensive modernization of the T-55 (T-55A) and T-62" tanks of July 25, 1981, according to which (taking into account the number of T-55s in the army) could take about 15 years.


The T-54-46-1 had a gun with a muzzle brake and a traditional turret.

First of all, the armor protection of the tower was strengthened: to the right and to the left of the gun embrasure, they placed blocks of armor, which they called

With "clamps" and "Ilyich's eyebrows".

Structurally, they were cast parts of armor steel, having a thickness of 30 mm, behind which there were boxes with 5-mm steel sheets at intervals of 30 mm filled with polyurethane foam. Such a constructive solution immediately increased the tank's security: from APCR shells by 120 mm, and from conventional armor-piercing shells by 200-250 mm.


T-54-46-2. The tower, as you can see, is still a traditional shape, borrowed from the T-34.

The barrel of the gun was covered with a heat-shielding casing, which made it possible to reduce the unevenness of its heating. It would seem a trifle, but it also increased the accuracy and accuracy of fire.

The upgraded tanks were designated T-55M and T-55AM. Modernization has added weight to them. So, the T-55M began to weigh 40,9 tons, and the T-55AM up to 41,5 tons. Therefore, in order to maintain their mobility at the same level, they had to install engines of increased power - V55U (620 hp), and then and B-46-5M (690 hp).


T-54 1947

In turn, they decided to cover the undercarriage of the modernized tank with anti-cumulative rubber-fabric screens. But only the width of the tank exceeded the maximum dimensions for transportation by rail. And in order to transport them, these screens had to be removed.


They continue to "conjure" over the shape of the tower.

The production of the T-55 continued until 1977, when more advanced models of the T-62 and T-72 tanks had already appeared.

However, it continued to be produced, rightly believing that a tank well mastered by the troops (besides, relatively cheap and with a high level of maintainability) could well be used in a future total war with the use of nuclear weapons.

By the way, for this case, individual anti-radiation protection vests were created for tankers. Well, their jobs on the same T-55 tanks were supplemented with local protection against penetrating radiation.


And here it is - almost everything is the same, but without a little "enticement", well, it is simply impossible in any way.

The experience of using tanks in Afghanistan required strengthening its mine protection.

To this end, in the bottom of the T-55, under the driver's seat, a frame made of a steel channel 80 mm thick was placed, which was covered from below with six sheets of 20 mm thick armor. And on the right, behind his seat, a pillers appeared - a strut that prevented the bottom from bending when the tank was blown up by a mine. The driver's escape hatch, located in the bottom, also received additional booking with a 20-mm sheet.


And now, finally, the T-54B ... With the lure on the tower is done forever!

Smoke grenade launchers were now installed on tanks for firing grenades loaded with white phosphorus. And to protect against napalm, all outdoor electrical wiring was hidden in steel tubes. The hoses from the external fuel tanks were lined with asbestos in a metal mesh frame.

Well, and by increasing the travel of the road wheels from 135-149 mm to 162-182 mm (by installing new, more advanced torsion shafts) and the height of the lugs on the tracks (together with the use of a new pattern of their supporting surface), we achieved an increase in the already high cross-country ability of all these machines.


T-54BM - KPVT stands above the loader's hatch.

The T-55A turned out to be the first tank equipped with the Drozd complex, which entered service in September 1983.

And already in December of the same year, the T-55AD tank (these tanks received such an index), this machine was sent to the troops.

Structurally, "Drozd" (total weight of about one ton) consisted of two radars for detecting ammunition flying up to the tank and an armament system that fired a high-explosive fragmentation projectile ZUOF14 in their direction, the detonation of which created a fragmentation field at a distance of one and a half meters from the tank with a density of 120 fragments per 1 sq. m.The scattering velocity of the fragments was 1600 m / s, and the mass of each of them was about 3 g.

Such an explosion either caused the detonation of the charge of the approaching ATGM, or could destroy its cumulative funnel or deflect it from the flight path. This system has proven itself especially well against RPGs of various types, the mass of the shells of which was relatively small.


Finally, it came to the T-55

As for the tank's firepower, it was enhanced by the installation on it of the 9K116 "Kastom" complex, created by the Tula Design Bureau under the leadership of A.G. Shipunova.

The throwing device told the rocket an initial speed of 400-500 m / s, which was maintained in flight by the operation of the main engine. The missile was controlled using a semi-automatic laser guidance system, which has a high degree of protection against interference.

Its advantage was the small volume that the control equipment occupied in the fighting compartment. True, it was impossible to use the "Kustet" on the move, and, nevertheless, the use of this complex on the T-55 significantly expanded its combat capabilities.

Finally, in 1984, based on the experience of the Arab-Israeli conflict in 1982, the T-55 received the 4S20 Kontakt-1 ERA and, accordingly, the T-55MV / AMV indices.

It is believed that only the use of this complex was equal to the installation of additional armor 400 mm thick, which, due to its exorbitant weight, would simply be impossible to do!


T-55A already with an anti-aircraft machine gun

Interestingly, unlike the T-54, the anti-aircraft machine gun was not initially installed on the T-55.

The reason is the opinion of military experts that this is only extra weight, since it is useless to shoot at high-speed jet aircraft. Already at the end of the 1960s, when anti-tank helicopters began to appear, the anti-aircraft DShKM was again installed on the tank (since 1969). And then from the beginning of the 70s and NSV.


In Egypt, T-55s were only repainted and did not bother themselves with any alterations ...

The export modifications of the T-55M5 and T-55M6 tanks with built-in reactive armor and a 690 hp engine are very interesting. with., modern fire control devices and other improvements.

The T-55M6 received a turret from the T-72 tank with a 125-mm smoothbore cannon. The automatic loader with 22 rounds of ammunition is located behind the turret in a special armored container. At the same time, the hull itself was lengthened by one roller, and at the customer's choice, rollers from T-55, T-72 and T-80 can be installed on this tank.

PS


The site administration and the author of the material are grateful to A.S. Sheps for the illustrations provided!

To be continued ...
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  1. hohol95
    hohol95 19 January 2021 05: 51
    +5
    The construction of "Ilyich's Eyebrow" is described in a strange way! Wasn't it a box structure with a wall thickness of 30mm, inside of which were 5mm sheets filled with polyurethane foam?
    1. mark1
      mark1 19 January 2021 06: 52
      +8
      Quote: hohol95
      Wasn't it a box structure with 30mm walls, inside which were 5mm sheets filled with polyurethane foam?

      According to the information I have, the "eyebrows" had a wall thickness of 60 mm, but the overlay on the VLD just had a 30 mm outer sheet. The modernization was carried out at the TRZ and not as a belated response to the appearance of the M-60, but in connection with the appearance and increasing number of the M-1 and Leopard-2.
      The torsion shafts were the same, but they were subjected to additional processing of HFC and, when installed, they were twisted at a greater angle
      1. Bormanxnumx
        Bormanxnumx 19 January 2021 08: 23
        +10
        Quote: mark1
        According to the information I have, the "eyebrows" had a wall thickness of 60 mm, but the overlay on the VLD just had a 30 mm outer sheet.

        That's right)
        Additional armor of the frontal hull plate

        And those very "Ilyich's eyebrows" on the tower
        1. svp67
          svp67 19 January 2021 15: 42
          0
          Quote: BORMAN82
          And those very "Ilyich's eyebrows" on the tower

          And they were made according to a similar scheme, there was still a lid on top that covered the neck where the polyurethane foam was poured. And one more thing, it is worth noting that these "eyebrows" were also fixed according to the SPECIFIC booking scheme, which also played to increase the armor resistance
      2. hohol95
        hohol95 19 January 2021 08: 25
        0
        Do you think that such armor was able to protect the T-55 from the frontal projection from the 120mm gun of the Second Leopard?
        1. mark1
          mark1 19 January 2021 08: 52
          +13
          This does not come out in my opinion (and whether it comes out at all I do not know) is the result of the activities of Soviet design engineers commissioned by the USSR Ministry of Defense.
        2. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 19 January 2021 09: 26
          +2
          At our school we had one T-55 with a "bastion" complex. Eyebrows, frontal pad and a new sighting system.
          And there was a teacher, a member of the DB in Afghanistan, where "browbearers" were used. So the teacher noted with bitterness that these measures did not protect against ambushes, and the front rollers were overloaded.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 19 January 2021 09: 32
            +6
            So they only covered the forehead. And the sides and stern remained at the same level. And from the mountain you can get into the roof of the tower or MTO with an RPG grenade.
            1. The leader of the Redskins
              The leader of the Redskins 19 January 2021 09: 41
              +2
              Yes, but the chassis was also "ditched" along the way. What kind of marches are there to the English Channel if the bearings of the front rollers are flying out?
              1. hohol95
                hohol95 19 January 2021 09: 51
                +5
                So excess weight does not make a person healthier. hi
          2. mark1
            mark1 19 January 2021 15: 46
            +1
            Quote: Leader of the Redskins
            and the front rollers were overloaded.

            Not surprisingly, the mass has increased (if memory serves) to 42 tons, and all the additional 6 tons are mainly for the front rollers. And in Afghanistan, they beat them mainly from the top, from the side, and explosions on landmines, even though the bottom under the mech-water was protected (I don't know how well, maybe they told you?)
            1. The leader of the Redskins
              The leader of the Redskins 19 January 2021 15: 54
              +2
              No. We were told more about technology. Probably, so as not to cause "tank fear". Safety precautions - we studied each lesson. Well, so that they themselves are not guilty, but they somehow kept silent about the losses.
        3. svp67
          svp67 19 January 2021 15: 44
          +5
          Quote: hohol95
          Do you think that such armor was able to protect the T-55 from the frontal projection from the 120mm gun of the Second Leopard?

          Of course it would be interesting to check, but most likely yes, she could do it, especially the "eyebrows", in any case, there are many videos from Syria, where the ATGM "Tou" missile hits them and its warhead does not penetrate this combined armored barrier
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 19 January 2021 17: 27
            +2
            In 1983 (my personal opinion) most of the tanks of the "probable foe" were still armed with a 105 mm gun. But in battle, there are no miracles. And with a + sign and a - sign.
      3. svp67
        svp67 19 January 2021 15: 39
        +1
        Quote: mark1
        According to the information I have, the "eyebrows" had a wall thickness of 60 mm

        You are right, their thickness was clearly more than 3 centimeters.
  2. hohol95
    hohol95 19 January 2021 06: 01
    +6
    In the USA, the M68 began to be produced in 1960. And the modernization of the T-55 family of tanks in 1983. At the same time, the weapon itself, as such, was not modernized.
  3. Mordvin 3
    Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 06: 02
    +6
    Our specialists somehow got lost on two BMPs and accidentally crossed the Pakistani border, almost shooting a Pakistani train along the way. Pakistani tankers arrived in M-60, so ours almost staged a battle with them. The Pakistanis yelled at them that ours had violated their border. They say that the border posts were taken away by local residents. We shouted at each other, we sat down to dinner, and only then left Pakistani territory. So the M-60 is not that scary. Our specialists were not afraid of him.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 19 January 2021 06: 28
      +24
      Hi Vladimir!
      I'm afraid that here the NeT-55 or M60 were scary, but the Soviet Union!
      Thanks to Vyacheslav Olegovich for the article, respected Sheps - for the gorgeous illustrations.
      All the good days!
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 06: 43
        +7
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        I'm afraid that here the NeT-55 or M60 were scary, but the Soviet Union!

        Well, they really screwed up. They ask the Pakistanis, in which direction is Afghan, where, they say, to go? Those answer them, "As you arrived, and get out" Follow the tracks, in short. And they were looking for spirits there in the raid, reeling circles.
        1. Aag
          Aag 20 January 2021 18: 37
          0
          Quote: mordvin xnumx
          Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
          I'm afraid that here the NeT-55 or M60 were scary, but the Soviet Union!

          Well, they really screwed up. They ask the Pakistanis, in which direction is Afghan, where, they say, to go? Those answer them, "As you arrived, and get out" Follow the tracks, in short. And they were looking for spirits there in the raid, reeling circles.

          This is called weight, international authority (having an economic reserve, power, and political will). It remains to figure out which of the above, and to what extent is left.
      2. Alien From
        Alien From 19 January 2021 14: 34
        +2
        I join you Kota!
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 19 January 2021 08: 21
      +5
      The Pastan pilots were no longer "supportive" of the Soviet pilots.
    3. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 19 January 2021 17: 50
      +2
      Quote: Mordvin 3
      Pakistani tankers arrived in M-60, so ours almost staged a battle with them.

      Pakistan did not have the M60 in service. Of the Americans, only M47 and M48.
    4. marat2016
      marat2016 19 January 2021 20: 02
      0
      True, there is no M-60 in service with Pakistan, but of course ...
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 19 January 2021 20: 22
        0
        Quote: marat2016
        True, there is no M-60 in service with Pakistan, but of course ...

        Well I do not know...
        Finally, from behind the hills and into the open space, "he" left ... The American M60 medium tank! With a characteristically short-barreled gun, but 120 millimeters! And an easily recognizable tele-sight box, towering over the front of the tank turret ... But on the other hand ... A white flag proudly fluttered on the radio antenna! The American was driving to surrender!

        And ... He would definitely have surrendered! .. But inside the one hundred percent saving American medium tank M60 there was a cunningly trained Pakistani crew. Which prevented Senior Lieutenant Frolov from becoming an entire Hero of the Soviet Union overnight! The Pakistani driver stopped the tank three hundred meters from the vigilant Soviet counter ... And the tank commander, also a Pakistani, turned on the loudspeaker and began to mumble something monotonously ... And as luck would have it ... The Russian commander of the Soviet special forces reconnaissance group and the Pakistani commander of the American tank did not each other understood ...

        https://libking.ru/books/prose-/prose-military/182095-70-albert-zaripov-partay-genosse.html#book
  4. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 19 January 2021 06: 06
    +6
    Thank you, Vyacheslav Olegovich!
    Meanwhile, I note that you have stopped adding the section "Articles from this series" at the end of the material, which greatly facilitated the search for chapters missed by the reader. Perhaps these are new editorial requirements, but in any case, this situation is depressing.
    1. kalibr
      19 January 2021 06: 56
      +11
      Quote: 3x3zsave
      Meanwhile, I note that you have stopped adding the section "Articles from this series" at the end of the material, which greatly facilitated the search for chapters missed by the reader.

      Anton! I have never added an "article from this series" at the end of the articles. it always done by the editor. The fact that this is not being done now is not my will or desire.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 19 January 2021 07: 03
        +9
        Got it, thanks. It remains sadly to summarize that Chuvakin's departure had a negative impact on many aspects of the resource's editorial activities.
        1. kalibr
          19 January 2021 07: 06
          +6
          Well, the new editors, at least on my stuff, are working carefully and professionally. But the fact that the list of previously published works was not printed ... Probably, this can be corrected ...
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 19 January 2021 07: 12
            +5
            at least over my materials,
            This is a key phrase, for, for example, "Trilobite Master" will not agree with you.
            1. kalibr
              19 January 2021 09: 03
              +6
              Always, Anton, there are some imperfections somewhere, and something can always be improved.
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 19 January 2021 09: 09
                +4
                Undoubtedly. I hope my criticism will be recognized by the adminstration of the resource constructive.
  5. BAI
    BAI 19 January 2021 09: 34
    +1
    1
    And this is a photo of the T-55 tower, standing among the pine trees in Penza near the chapel.

    Actually, the tank is in the museum of military equipment in the Pionersky park (the legacy of the USSR, however). This, namely, the T-55, as discussed in other forums. And there is a mistake in that museum, but in a different way:
    Attention they have on the information stand is an error, this is not the Prima MLRS, Prima 9K59 50-barreled launcher based on the Ural-4320 9A51 launcher, but this is the BM-21 Grad-1 9K55 36-barrel based on the ZIL- 131 launcher 9P138 air transportable MLRS regimental level.


    2
    The release of the T-55 continued until 1977

    to 1979.
  6. BAI
    BAI 19 January 2021 09: 43
    +7
    In the first part, the ammunition was discussed. The crew is really a suicide bomber.

    1 - stacking for eighteen shots in storage tanks; 2 - collar packing for four shots; 3 — rack for three bags with F-1 hand grenades; 4 — bag with five magazines for AKM; 5 — shop for AKM; 6 — magazine-box for a coaxial machine gun; 7 — collar packing for two shots; 8 — collar packing for one shot; 9 — rack stacking for ten shots; 10 — collar packing for one shot; 11 - rack packing for five shots; 12 — bag with flare gun cartridges; 13 — signal pistol holster; 14 — rack for bags with F-1 hand grenades; 15 — collar packing for two shots; 16 — a rack for four magazine boxes for a coaxial machine gun; 17, 18 — magazine-boxes for a coaxial machine gun; 19 — a rack for two magazine-boxes for a coaxial machine gun; 20, 21 — magazine-boxes for a course machine gun
    1. hohol95
      hohol95 19 January 2021 09: 59
      +3
      Do you have a similar scheme for Centurion?
      1. BAI
        BAI 19 January 2021 10: 02
        +2
        No. If you are interested in the T-55, then: Description of the design of the T-55 tank
        (according to the 1983 Whitepaper)
        https://arsenal-info.ru/b/book/135843252/8
        1. BAI
          BAI 19 January 2021 10: 28
          +4
          There is a little bit about the Centurion ammo rack here:
          Combat use of tanks "Centurion"
          https://arsenal-info.ru/b/book/3559563513/5
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 19 January 2021 12: 21
            +3
            Judging by this drawing, the crew of the "Centurion" was supposed to fight practically without ammunition.
            1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
              Kote Pan Kokhanka 19 January 2021 15: 28
              +2
              In the South African version of Eliphant, no more than 60 shells in the ammunition load are spelled out! hi
              I am writing from memory, I could be wrong.
    2. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 19 January 2021 16: 00
      +2
      In reality, the suicide bomber is a mechanic in the current T72, T80 and Ukropovsky T64. If earlier it was problematic to get out of the hatch only with the barrel above it, now it is in several or one (!) Position !!
      I do not consider the lower hatch.
      In T55 and T62, at least you can slip into the fighting compartment.
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 19 January 2021 20: 41
        +1
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        In T55 and T62, at least you can slip into the fighting compartment.

        In T-72 and T-90 - the same
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 19 January 2021 21: 17
          -1
          Well, if you remove the fences ... Theoretically, yes, but in a winter suit it is already unlikely.
    3. DesToeR
      DesToeR 19 January 2021 18: 04
      +2
      Quote: BAI
      In the first part, the ammunition was discussed. The crew is really a suicide bomber.

      And what surprised you with the placement of ammunition in the T-54/55? Is it (placement) fundamentally different from Western tanks? There is ammunition rack in the control department, for example, in Leopard 2.
  7. smaug78
    smaug78 19 January 2021 12: 13
    0
    The T-55M6 received a turret from the T-72 tank with a 125-mm smoothbore cannon.
    Not received, but was taken as a basis ...
    1. kalibr
      19 January 2021 13: 20
      +3
      Quote: smaug78
      Not received, but was taken as a basis ...

      And how much% of this base?
      1. smaug78
        smaug78 19 January 2021 13: 36
        +2
        I can't say, it's hard to tell from the photo, but the forehead from the T-55:
        ... And the placement of the AZ behind the tower also hints ...
        PS And is% so important? The main thing is that the tower is not from the T-72 hi
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 19 January 2021 20: 51
          +1
          Quote: smaug78
          The main thing is that the tower is not from the T-72

          In Ukraine, they are wise with this. They can take the chassis from the T-64, push the turret from the T-55 onto it, and then cover all this with the DZ.
      2. smaug78
        smaug78 19 January 2021 17: 16
        +3
        Dear Vyacheslav, I apologize. hi I'm wrong, really:
        The T-55M6 received a turret from the T-72 tank with a 125-mm smoothbore cannon.
        ... "A turret with weapons from the T-72B is installed on the tank, but instead of the standard loading mechanism located in the hull, a new one has been developed, located in a special container behind the turret. The fire control system is selected at the customer's choice: the same as on the T-72B, or similar to the T-80U. To compensate for the increased loads on the chassis, a sixth roller - front - has been added to the suspension, and the vehicle module is slightly lengthened. "
        Source: S. Shumilin, N. Okolelov, A. Chechin. Armored collection, 2008 No. 05 (80) Medium tank T-55. Part 2.
        1. kalibr
          19 January 2021 17: 33
          +2
          I’m not inventing anything. Everything comes from somewhere. The task is just simple, understandable ...
  8. Foxnova
    Foxnova 19 January 2021 12: 39
    +2
    Greetings from Penza
  9. Forever so
    Forever so 19 January 2021 15: 59
    +3
    half a fifth was a perfect machine !!!
    1. Aag
      Aag 20 January 2021 18: 50
      0
      Quote: Forever so
      half a fifth was a perfect machine !!!

      Not special, but intuitively it feels that the device is notable, see. years of release, the number of operators, the number of conflicts played out ...
      A question for connoisseurs: what tanks (number, tasks) were based on Saaremaa (Baltic Sea) in 1959.
  10. garri-lin
    garri-lin 19 January 2021 18: 10
    +3
    Echo of the Georgian-Abkhaz war. Ochamchira. How many more such silent monuments are there in the world.
    1. garri-lin
      garri-lin 19 January 2021 18: 15
      +1
      photo t 55. For some reason, it was inserted the first time.
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. Zug
    Zug 19 January 2021 20: 57
    +2
    Cool! Thanks for the informative article!
  13. Sasha from Uralmash
    Sasha from Uralmash 20 January 2021 14: 49
    0
    Very interesting! Respect the author!
  14. merkava-2bet
    merkava-2bet 20 January 2021 16: 20
    0
    "Ilyich's eyebrows" and patch frontal armor were only for the T-62M, but not for the T-55, they only hung DZ Contact-1 on the T-55AMV model on it.
    1. Usher
      Usher 20 January 2021 18: 24
      0
      No, the T-55AM had the so-called. "Ilyich's eyebrows"
      1. merkava-2bet
        merkava-2bet 20 January 2021 19: 14
        0
        Sorry, you're right.
  15. Usher
    Usher 20 January 2021 18: 23
    0
    with built-in ERA
    what built-in? I do not understand this term, maybe hinged? Are these suspended modules on top of the main armor? Also, what kind of embedding are we talking about?
  16. Zum
    Zum 21 January 2021 17: 47
    0
    Decent material, informative! Thank you!
  17. dgonni
    dgonni 22 January 2021 12: 24
    -2
    To produce the T-55 when there were 64/72 in production it was blasphemous washing out of budget money.
    As a linear tank, it did not meet any parameters. Compared to the same 72, the archaic is the rarest. It's not even worth talking about 64ki.
    The T-72, even in the basic version, was a cut above.
    By the way, this is one of the reasons why the Union died. Wild costs for obsolete hardware.
    P.S. It was similar to communication. The Strategic Missile Forces and the Air Defense Forces still got something on the level.
    1. Elturisto
      Elturisto April 10 2021 15: 44
      +1
      I fully support it. Ustinov had to be put up against the wall for this, however, the Moremans were no better, they modernized the old junk in the form of a 56 project.
  18. Decimalegio
    Decimalegio 22 January 2021 18: 04
    0
    Thanks to one of my favorite floats. Could you please point me to other links that talk about the T-55 ???