Military Review

Amazing robots for aircraft maintenance. Russia risks falling behind even further

70

In previous articles, we examined the issues of technical and conceptual lag between Russia and the United States in matters of ground handling aviation:

1. How long will Russia be foolish to lose its planes
2. How military aviation works

In conclusion, I formulated the following:

If you look at how modern robotic warehouses and factories are arranged, you will see a picture of the future, when robots will take on more and more service functions.

However, in the comments to the articles, a number of VO readers found such ideas too fantastic. Therefore, today I propose to take a look at what developments in this direction are already in place, and whether there are real prospects for total robotization of the entire aviation service sector, both civil and military.

1. MRO robots


In 2015, Blue Bear Systems Research unveiled one of the first drones to help ground personnel and improve the safety of air travel.

Subsequently, a class of such drones received the designation Maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO).

According to the idea, this drone was supposed to fly around the airliner along a given trajectory and provide operators and aviation inspectors with high-quality photographs of the glider.

The next step was to write a special algorithm capable of independently analyzing the images obtained and signaling the presence of mechanical damage on structural elements.

According to some estimates, the use of these drones reduced aircraft inspection time by 3 times.

The most interesting shots are shown in this fragment:



The window shows the position of the drones and the list of tasks to be checked

That is, the engineers conducting the inspection can work not on the street, but in comfortable equipped rooms, receiving all the necessary information on their monitors.

The diagram below shows preliminary calculations of reduced aircraft maintenance costs and reduced downtime.


2. Robot tanker


The very first thing that I mentioned in previous articles is a refueling robot.

The existing experimental designs look something like this:


The project had several tasks, including:

- reduction of the interval between departures;
- reducing the risks for people associated with the presence of personnel in the filling area;
- reducing the number of required service personnel.

It is worth noting that the engineers faced a number of problems, in particular, there were difficulties with grounding, but they are working on all these problems, and slowly but surely the project is developing.

The demand for such equipment will also be in the civilian segment (especially in it), because major airports in the world are constantly working in a tight schedule.

3. Robots from Rolls-Royce


Engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce is developing a very interesting concept.

The bottom line is as follows: a special module is built into the engine itself, which contains several movable probes that are already located inside hard-to-reach places (that is, there is no need to waste time to gain access to this part of the engine).

And in real time, these modules can autonomously inspect and monitor critical elements. Such a system can autonomously identify a malfunction as quickly as possible and notify engineering services about it, immediately sending them all the necessary information.

It can also work in manual control mode when the engineer initiates the check.

Below is a frame from the demo video, which shows how a special sensor scans the surfaces of the engine blades.


In parallel, individual airfield-based solutions are being developed for engines that are not equipped with such a system.

It is obvious that in the future such systems can be developed not only for engines, but also for other most important components and mechanisms.

It is noteworthy that such solutions are not separate projects, but are part of the IntelligentEngine concept, which covers all engine life cycles - development, production, operation, repair.

In essence, this concept is a logical development of the ideas of self-diagnosis.

Robots for removing paint and coating


Amazing robots for aircraft maintenance. Russia risks falling behind even further

These laser-based solutions allow you to remove the coating in the thinnest layer - in the process of work, practically no waste is generated, and the procedure itself becomes much faster and cheaper.

By changing the nozzle, on the contrary, you can apply various coatings, including radio-absorbing ones.

The robot has much better control over the thickness of the applied layer, and the result is more stable with the lowest possible material consumption.


Photo from a domestic plant (JSC 514 ARZ). The girl is certainly pretty, but the process itself is "a little outdated." Source: sdelanounas.ru

4. Cold Spray


Another very promising technology.


The essence of this technology is to apply a thin "repair" layer to a worn part.

Of course, there are parts, the life of which is limited by material fatigue, but there are also enough parts that wear mainly in local friction zones. Applying this technology for such parts, there is no need to recycle the old and re-manufacture the new one - it is enough to simply restore the worn-out layer.

According to calculations, when using this technology, the cost of repairing some units can be reduced several times.

5. Parts printed on a 3D printer


Another area that is actively developing all over the world is the manufacture of parts on 3D printers.

At first it was perceived as child's play, but technology does not stand still, and modern solutions have reached the aerospace industry.

So, for the F-22, the first parts have already been manufactured using this technology.


Old part with traces of use and new titanium, just printed

This technology can dramatically reduce the burden on military logistics and neutralize equipment downtime due to the lack of necessary spare parts.

In the future, the United States plans to constantly expand the list of printed parts approved for use on aircraft.

The program received government support, and in 2018 in the state of Illinois, work began to create an additive manufacturing center for the needs of the US Army (not just aviation).


It is planned that the center will begin full-fledged work in mid-2021, while the staff is mastering new equipment and conducting the necessary tests, while simultaneously making lists of what is primarily suitable for such production.

6. Robot towing Mototok


Strictly speaking, work is underway to transform this kid into a full-fledged robot, but in the meantime, it exists in a version controlled by the remote control.


And here is how towing usually takes place here:


The Mototok also has unrivaled maneuverability, as it is located on the pivot of the front landing gear and can literally pivot in place, while the towing towing vehicle with a classic "carrier" requires forward movement to change the angle of rotation of the rack, which significantly increases the turning radius.


These properties will be especially in demand on aircraft carriers and helicopter carriers, taking into account the dense layout of equipment in their hangars.


7. XYREC robots


Initially, robots were conceived as a platform for painting works, but absolutely any equipment can be hung on it, thanks to which the platform can become universal.


conclusions


Aviation plays an increasingly important role in modern conflicts, while the lag in maintenance technologies increases the overall cost of maintaining the aircraft fleet, reduces flight safety, increases non-combat losses, increases the time between sorties, and the speed of repairs. If the aircraft cost more in the repair hangar, it means that there are fewer of them on alert.

Taken together, all these factors mutually reinforce each other's effect.

In this regard, it is extremely important for Russia not to miss modern trends, especially since the introduction of some of them is not associated with the allocation of large sums of money for these purposes or with the involvement of a huge number of scientists, but at the same time it allows to significantly increase the country's defense capability. The main thing is that the right people realize this and make a decision as soon as possible.

Some optimism is also inspired by the fact that Russian companies have already begun to master new technologies.

So, for example, Gazpromneft launched a robotic refueling system back in 2018:


And in conclusion, one more small video about how “someone else works”, in this case a robot:

Author:
Photos used:
www.ikaketosdelano.ru, www.mototok.com, www.machinedesign.com, www.cambridgewireless.co.uk, www.gazprom-neft.ru
Articles from this series:
How military aviation works
How military aviation works
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  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 11 January 2021 05: 33
    +10
    They will make a robotic system for finding and buying houses in London smile
    1. Civil
      Civil 11 January 2021 08: 25
      +1
      1. Where will the workers who will be thrown out by robots go? And there are thousands of them.
      2. Will robots work with low-quality materials like our locksmiths?
      1. Esaul
        Esaul 11 January 2021 09: 21
        +6
        They will serve robots instead of planes laughing
        1. sniperino
          sniperino 11 January 2021 09: 57
          +10
          Quote: Esaul
          They will serve robots instead of planes
          Some of the workers will join the ranks of the Luddites, and robots will be found broken: with a crowbar in a technological hole.
      2. Doccor18
        Doccor18 11 January 2021 09: 38
        +12
        Quote: Civil
        1. Where will the workers who will be thrown out by robots go? And there are thousands of them.

        There are tens, hundreds of thousands, millions of them - people who will be replaced by robots. Moreover, this process is already in full swing. Sber is about to fire his lawyers in favor of robots. You rarely hear a live voice on the hotline for support of cellular companies. The process is underway, business needs it, which means that robotization will gain momentum. And as for people who have lost their jobs, so the severance pay and hello ... Well, when there are a lot of them, they will distribute a "guaranteed minimum income" ...
        And robots will likely not work with low-quality materials. And who needs them, low-quality ...
        1. English tarantas
          English tarantas 11 January 2021 11: 31
          +7
          Because robots need to be made not for servants, but primarily for production facilities, so that the cost of goods would fall. And people can either really just be content with progress on the minimum allowance, or go to plow fields on a tractor, or engage in scientific or cultural activities. But for this it is necessary to adequately trade the whole world, not to fight or plunder, and it is desirable that the level of education of all people is much higher than the monkeys, and they do not know how on our planet.
          1. Mister X
            Mister X 11 January 2021 19: 15
            +2
            Quote: English tarantass
            to make the cost of goods fall

            Are you sure she will fall?
            Or will the owner just earn more? wink
            Quote: English tarantass
            go plow the fields with a tractor

            In agriculture, too, robotization.
            Irrigation systems are already working with might and main,
            herbicide spray drones appear
            now such a robot for weed control has been developed
            1. English tarantas
              English tarantas 12 January 2021 06: 55
              0
              Are you sure she will fall?
              Or will the owner just earn more?

              But for this it is necessary to adequately trade the whole world, not to fight or plunder, and preferably the level of education of all people is much higher than the monkeys, and they do not know how on our planet

              I'm telling you. Capitalism has won.
          2. Narak-zempo
            Narak-zempo 12 January 2021 09: 54
            0
            Why, you can simply reduce the number of people, and then many problems will be solved by themselves.
            1. English tarantas
              English tarantas 12 January 2021 10: 54
              0
              It goes without saying, I decided not to propose, otherwise they would throw out minuses and offer to be the first to join the ranks of fighters for a brighter future.
            2. nemez
              nemez 12 January 2021 11: 09
              -2
              Start with yourself
        2. Katanikotael
          Katanikotael 11 January 2021 12: 26
          +2
          Walmart recently fired robots in favor of leather ...
      3. military_cat
        military_cat 11 January 2021 10: 07
        +11
        Quote: Civil
        Where will the workers who are thrown out by robots go? And there are thousands of them.

        Professions come and go, it has always been that way. Remember the photo salons that used to be literally on every corner? What happened to those who worked there? And with those who produced films and reagents?

        (Many thanks to the author for the article, very interesting.)
      4. English tarantas
        English tarantas 11 January 2021 11: 27
        +5
        1. Into the infantry
        2. Why? If robots are introduced in production that do not make a marriage, then they will not, and in general why the robot cannot work with low-quality material, if you are talking about the Russian "tape and spit", then it's better not to do it at all.
      5. Airdefense
        Airdefense 11 January 2021 13: 29
        +7
        Where did the thousands of draftsmen from research institutes go after the widespread distribution of computers and programs like AutoCad? As progress shows, it still creates new jobs.
        1. Ajevgenij
          Ajevgenij 11 January 2021 20: 45
          +2
          Many remained unemployed and went to work as unskilled workers on a construction site, I myself am a designer, I know the situation from the inside. In the abtokada, everything turns out faster and more accurately, but ... Of the 3 who previously worked at the drawing board, one works in an autocad, the other wears bricks at a construction site, the third drank himself ... Is that good? ...
          1. Airdefense
            Airdefense 12 January 2021 15: 12
            +1
            They remained unemployed most likely not because AutoCAD supplanted them, but because of the general economic crisis in Russia, many research institutes began to rent out their premises for offices not because of a good life.
      6. Voltsky
        Voltsky 11 January 2021 13: 44
        +2
        1. You remind me of the fools from Ogaio, they also asked us whether they would be thrown out of work when we finished; the answer is no, but the work will already be different (although someone will be thrown out of course)

        And now, in essence, you are not one of those who shout that few planes, ships and other things are being built and generally slowly ?! I explain: automation in the Russian Federation is at a low level, you make piece goods .... Carlo's dad scoffs with a jigsaw

        2. Yes it can, but the number of marriage will increase; in other words, with good engineering and programming, a number of problems can be circumvented.
      7. g1v2
        g1v2 11 January 2021 16: 22
        +6
        This is twofold. I work with industrial robots all the time, so I have some idea. The first thing that can be said is that the installation of two robots made it possible to remove a total of 16 people in 4 shifts. This is, of course, for any company a plus or minus salary, taxes, social services, headache due to absenteeism, and so on. Plus, robots work more accurately over a long distance than humans. That is, minus the human factor. From the point of view of monetary gain, it is twofold. Nevertheless, the robot is expensive and will fight back for a long time. Plus electricity, expensive spare parts. Plus, they still have to be watched by staff, and more qualified than those whom he replaced. PM faster - yes, minus the human factor - yes, cheaper - not a fact. Low-skilled personnel will rather be cheaper for simple operations.
        1. eklmn
          eklmn 13 January 2021 03: 18
          +1
          "Low-skilled personnel will rather be cheaper for simple operations."
          Cheaper? No! More reliable? No! Illness / decrees / absenteeism / time off / injury_insurance_defense lawyers - all this leads to additional costs. And the employer has to deduct $$ for unemployment benefits. So the indirect staff costs are very high.
      8. for
        for 11 January 2021 20: 41
        0
        Quote: Civil
        Where are the workers going

        We love to pay for "communal services" by telephone and at the same time shout about the reduction of operators at the post office, banks.
      9. ROSS_51
        ROSS_51 18 March 2021 03: 54
        0
        Quote: Civil
        1. Where will the workers who will be thrown out by robots go? And there are thousands of them.
        2. Will robots work with low-quality materials like our locksmiths?

        Ours can also work with counterfeit spare parts for aviation - this is an obvious plus.
  2. Intruder
    Intruder 11 January 2021 05: 56
    0
    An interesting and wonderful future for the operators is coming, "robots are working, not a man" !? :), and then they will refuse from the crews, with air navigation ... continuous savings are brewing on the personnel of ground services, a pandemic is a miracle "wonderful" - the robotization engine. ..
    1. Sergey_G_M
      Sergey_G_M 11 January 2021 08: 01
      +3
      Will other robots serve the robots?
      The article is interesting as a demonstrator of technologies, but only time will show which of this will be economically beneficial.
      If planes are designed to be serviced only by robots, for example, the same Indians, along with the plane, will have to buy an entire robotic plant for maintenance. And this is money and dependence on the supply of not only spare parts for aircraft, but also spare parts for robots, whether buyers will go to this question! after all, this is not only money but also a matter of national security.
      1. Doccor18
        Doccor18 11 January 2021 10: 47
        0
        ..because this is not only money but also a matter of national security.

        That is precisely why they will go, they will go to any costs. If you want to fly, pay ...
      2. Togilen
        Togilen 11 January 2021 12: 55
        +4
        An example from another industry in terms of whether they will go to "robotization". The YaMZ-530 plant is 84% ​​automated (together with the logistics complex), we have a P6 plant by 90%. The robotization of production processes is a guarantee of quality, because, unlike a person, a robot does not come to work sick, hungover, smoky, etc. So I was at the MV plant in Esipovo where they assemble cars E, GLC, GLE, GLS; the bodies are cooked by hand, so they have a defect there of 15% of the calculated 1,2%.
      3. Voltsky
        Voltsky 11 January 2021 13: 54
        +1
        Quote: Sergey_G_M
        will other robots serve the robots?

        no, installation and maintenance is done by people; an operator is also required (this is a word about general layoffs)

        Quote: Sergey_G_M
        for example, the same Indians, along with the plane, will have to buy a whole robotic plant

        What's bad about it ?! Let them buy

        Quote: Sergey_G_M
        this is both money and dependence on the supply of not only aircraft parts, but also spare parts for robots

        manipulators, this is a finished product, spare parts are not provided (constant updating of factories with new robots => the norms are so washed out by the grandmother)
        1. Shopping Mall
          Shopping Mall 11 January 2021 16: 15
          +1
          Quote: Voletsky
          Quote: Sergey_G_M
          will other robots serve the robots?

          no, installation and maintenance is done by people; an operator is also required (this is a word about general layoffs)


          But it takes much less people for this.

          Quote: Voletsky
          Quote: Sergey_G_M
          this is both money and dependence on the supply of not only aircraft parts, but also spare parts for robots

          manipulators, this is a finished product, spare parts are not provided (constant updating of factories with new robots => the norms are so washed out by the grandmother)


          An example is BMW factories, when they lay a new robotic line for a new model, taking into account the wear of the fleet of equipment, taking into account the return on sales of products. And it all works great and pays off.
          1. Voltsky
            Voltsky 11 January 2021 17: 12
            0
            I know we also updated the lines for them,
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 11 January 2021 11: 24
      +4
      Quote: Intruder
      An interesting and wonderful future for the operators is coming, "robots are working, not a man" !? :), and then they will refuse the crews

      And then from the passengers: no work - no money - nothing to fly.
    3. Airdefense
      Airdefense 12 January 2021 15: 19
      0
      Not in passenger air transportation (for the next hundred years) they will never give up a person either on the ground or in the air. Here we just run into the theory of reliability, which tells us that a person is just a unique link in automation that can maintain the system in the given parameters in the event of an unpredictable failure of one or more nodes. For example, there are cases of aircraft landing with a failed power supply system and disconnection of speed sensors, etc., disconnected engines, etc. We are often told that the cause of the disaster was a human factor, a pilot's error, but usually not to mention that there are a couple of orders of magnitude more cases when the pilots prevented the disaster and which would have happened if the system were unmanned.
  3. KCA
    KCA 11 January 2021 06: 25
    0
    Just so I see, the serviceman says to the commander of the plane - Now the robot will serve your board, and just like that I hear what he will answer them
    1. dauria
      dauria 11 January 2021 10: 12
      +8
      just so I hear what he will answer them


      Will answer nothing. Will wait for his turn to complete his part of the checks and sign in the logbook. After all the specialists. He's the same cog in this system. IAS never obeyed the pilot directly. She is entirely subordinate to the deputy commander of the IAS. He directly to the commander of the unit. It is along this path that all the "graters" are solved. The exception is the flight technician. On the ground, he is subordinate to the head of the TEC unit. In the air - to the commander.
      1. KCA
        KCA 11 January 2021 12: 00
        +2
        I'm not a pilot, but you, being a pilot-in-command, what would you say if you heard that a robot would serve the plane? Is it necessary that way, or other words?
  4. Cottodraton
    Cottodraton 11 January 2021 06: 25
    +8
    Half of the whole bunch of robots is unnecessary nonsense.
    The other is already being fully implemented here.
    I didn't see anything so "super-technological" here, so I didn't understand the author - what and where is the lag?
    Yes, as a master's student of the last course in servicing HPE equipment, I am more or less in the subject ...
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 11 January 2021 06: 37
      +1
      Of all that was shown, of value, I saw only a "tug", a thing necessary for an aircraft carrier, and for a workshop, and so ...
    2. Hagen
      Hagen 11 January 2021 07: 52
      +5
      Quote: Cottodraton
      I didn't see anything so "super-technological" here, so I didn't understand the author - what and where is the lag?

      The author showed a certain trend in the development of a maintenance system for complex equipment. But with regard to the lag in development, there is no lagging behind, but we already have our complete absence in the line of countries with the development of this industry. And the question is not that they, robots, are there or not, but how widely they are used and what economic benefits they bring. And here everything is not very healthy. If in advanced countries in this area the number of robots per 10 jobs is calculated already for 000-200 (South Korea - 500, Singapore - 634, Germany - 488, all in 309), then we have only a few (today, probably they didn't even make it to ten). Despite the fact that 2019% of them are imported. So there is no end to the work here. And maybe you are a graduate student of the last year, but you, most likely, are as far from the topic as from the moon. The main thing is not a prototype, such as Fedor, but its implementation in production and the achievement of economically tangible positive results.
      1. Cottodraton
        Cottodraton 11 January 2021 08: 48
        +6
        Okay, I work at a defense industry enterprise). Because, of course, far from the topic. Maybe even farther than the moon. You know better, from the couch;)
        Industrial robots are different from demonstrators like Fedor or the Boston counterpart "like the moon" ...
        And here it is?
        There is economic feasibility ... where we have robots. Where is it appropriate ... You are familiar with such a concept as the scale of production, right?
        Or do you need to shove robots where you need and do not need to in order to reach the preconditioned number of "robots per thousand people"?
        At our enterprise, we have a completely modern equipment park and we are gradually introducing new robotic mechanisms that are REALLY necessary.
        The state, where necessary, carries out modernization. And, I repeat, I did not see anything incredible in the video.
        1. Hagen
          Hagen 11 January 2021 09: 16
          -2
          Quote: Cottodraton
          You know better, from the couch;)

          Unfortunately yes. You judge the state of robotization of production in the country by the picture that you see around, at your enterprise, and you try to evaluate those processes that go beyond your vision. Here we have to take statistics on the country. As a test case, analyze, for example, the production of cars per employee for different manufacturing firms, the construction time of various comparable objects and products (ships, engines, etc.). Then you will lose the illusion that "the state, where necessary, is carrying out modernization." And it would not hurt to understand that the state will not carry out such measures in industries that do not belong to it. Management measures are needed here. It is necessary to create financial levers to stimulate the process. And on video (on the network and on TV) you can only see how, for example, in a huge hangar, a bunch of our women on sewing machines scribble medical masks, which the Chinese "spank" automated production lines around the clock.
          1. Cottodraton
            Cottodraton 12 January 2021 03: 44
            0
            As I said, where necessary, the state puts robots ... As for the country, this is a question for "owners and owners". It’s not the business of the state to put robots to a conventional private trader ... This is a private matter. If a private manufacturer, Vasya conditional, likes to spend all his proceeds on booze in Turkey or houses in Montenegro, using the work of the seamstress Masha and does not think about the future, then who is to blame? This is a specific lag, a specific manufacturer, but not "our". Moreover, of their own free will ...
            In addition, he may not need robots due to the market share of his products or industry. Here, for example, he produces 1000 pieces of covers per month, which 4 people sew for him. Why does he need a robot or cnc and some other automation tool if he is satisfied with the market share and profit?
            Robots and more - for mass production ...
      2. Alexander Vorontsov
        11 January 2021 09: 15
        +2
        Quote: Hagen
        Quote: Cottodraton
        I didn't see anything so "super-technological" here, so I didn't understand the author - what and where is the lag?

        The author showed a certain trend in the development of a maintenance system for complex equipment. But with regard to the lag in development, there is no lagging behind, but we already have our complete absence in the line of countries with the development of this industry. And the question is not that they, robots, are there or not, but how widely they are used and what economic benefits they bring. And here everything is not very healthy. If in advanced countries in this area the number of robots per 10 jobs is calculated already for 000-200 (South Korea - 500, Singapore - 634, Germany - 488, all in 309), then we have only a few (today, probably they didn't even make it to ten). Despite the fact that 2019% of them are imported. So there is no end to the work here. And maybe you are a graduate student of the last year, but you, most likely, are as far from the topic as from the moon. The main thing is not a prototype, such as Fedor, but its implementation in production and the achievement of economically tangible positive results.

        Alas and ah, but you have stated everything correctly (((
    3. donavi49
      donavi49 11 January 2021 09: 58
      +5
      Why?

      1) A photographer is a really useful thing on receipts and comments. They will provide full coverage of the inspection and give out suspicious photos. That is, technicians will not have to spend a conditional half of the night for inspection, and they will immediately proceed to suspicious places. As a result, the plane will fly on a safe flight in the morning. I already keep silent that an employee can simply miss a damage or crack, but a robot cannot. The main plus of the robot is that it does not get tired and does not make mistakes, it doesn’t get blurry. Of course, if the software is written well, and the attachments are of the required parameters.

      2) The tanker is also a good thing overall. Especially at all sorts of mega-loaded airports, or aircraft carriers.

      3) Engine. Such a robot will monitor the state of the internal part of the engine and transmit data. And this gives 2 advantages at once:
      - The risk of engine destruction in the air is minimized. Especially due to defects or micro-damages, up to the maintenance check.
      - Service is accelerating, you can squeeze out a couple more hours of extra time with such a robot from the check, and this is money, for a fleet of 100 cars, this is already millions of dollars in profit for AK. That is, these millions can go, for example, to reduce prices and shares. And then MC21, which will not have such a reserve, will lose and will fly empty. For passengers will choose a flight for 500 rubles cheaper.

      4) Paint / Stripping / Repairing. This technology has proven itself well in industry, automotive, and now it comes to shipbuilding and aircraft / repair.

      5) Print details. The main and key technology of the first half of the 21st century. Whoever invests in it will skim the cream off. Spacecraft are already being developed that will print solar batteries or solar sails over many square kilometers right in space. For withdrawing 3-4 tons of the train is generally easy, but withdrawing a battery or sail folded 500 times is very difficult.
      Already now, metal parts and products are being printed en masse. Moreover, even for extreme tasks - for example, Rutherford rocket engines are 75% printed, Musk also prints a bunch of details, and Relavity generally makes 95 +% of rockets without human participation. They plan to make 500 methane rockets on their engines a year with a plant of 6 people.
      1. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 12 January 2021 10: 05
        -2
        Quote: donavi49
        They plan to make 500 methane rockets on their engines a year with a plant of 6 people.

        Another blah blah blah.
  5. prior
    prior 11 January 2021 08: 46
    -3
    I understand that the problem with street toilets in Russia has already been defeated, now they have taken up the complete robotization of aviation.
    But for some reason, the "cornman" still cannot be done.
    1. evgen1221
      evgen1221 11 January 2021 09: 26
      +1
      So a maize worker has to be done, but robotization is well, you can just sit for a long time and write about how machines plow the vastness of what is there, and be progressive and hype. And more is not necessary.
  6. agoran
    agoran 11 January 2021 09: 39
    +8
    Point by point:
    1. Inspection of the s-that is carried out not only visually, the backlash of some parts is checked, it is not visually determined. There are many nuances, I will not paint.
    2. Refueling is carried out through the so-called "suction cup", the tightness is carried out by a rubber cuff, after a while it loses its elasticity, a fuel leak appears, and here it is necessary to make a decision on further refueling or repair.
    The Air Force units are stationed in dispersal zones, where it is not always possible to accurately drive up the TZ.
    3. Self-diagnosis module. Yes, interesting, but not suitable for military aviation, because it leads to an increase in weight and, as a result, a decrease in combat load.
    4. Remove paintwork with a wash, sometimes just faster, again for military aviation, applying paintwork with a more optimal layer may be interesting.
    5. Restoration of details. For certification, a remanufactured part must undergo a full range of checks, which can be more expensive than manufacturing a new one.
    6. 3-D, don't know, no comment.
    7. Robot towing vehicle. Well, for an aircraft carrier it may be relevant, but in order to put the side in an arched shelter in winter, on a snow-covered taxiway and a gap along the planes of one meter?
    Well, something like that, briefly.
    1. Alexander Vorontsov
      11 January 2021 10: 15
      0
      Quote: agoran
      1. Inspection of the s-that is carried out not only visually, the backlash of some parts is checked, it is not visually determined. There are many nuances, I will not paint.

      In most videos, it is about examining the upper surface of an aircraft. I do not think that the upper part of the physical should be checked for backlash. The area that does not need to be checked for backlash is pretty decent.


      Quote: agoran
      Refueling is carried out through the so-called "suction cup", the tightness is carried out by a rubber cuff, after a while it loses its elasticity, a fuel leak appears, and here it is necessary to make a decision on further refueling or repair.

      I don't see a problem. All sealing joints need timely maintenance. Built-in counter of the number of refills + a primitive leak test system and there is no problem.

      3. Self-diagnosis module. Yes, interesting, but not suitable for military aviation, because it leads to an increase in weight and, as a result, a decrease in combat load.

      This is yes.
      Suitable for large aircraft of military transport aviation, including super-heavy type Geleksi (analogue of "Ruslan"). They fly far and long and are expensive.


      7. Robot towing vehicle. Well, for an aircraft carrier it may be relevant, but in order to put the side in an arched shelter in winter, on a snow-covered taxiway and a gap along the planes of one meter?

      Well, the trick is just that if a person wants to put the plane close to the wall, say with the tail boom ... then he can hold the remote control, go to the tail and visually control the approach to control the movement of the plane. Those. the one who controls and the one who moves is one and the same person. For large planes, as far as I understand, parking is provided for 4 people. Moreover, if someone sees that a dangerous approach is taking place on his site, he can press the stop button.
    2. Intruder
      Intruder 11 January 2021 16: 57
      0
      Well, for an aircraft carrier it may be relevant, but in order to put the side in an arched shelter in winter, on a snow-covered taxiway and a gap along the planes of one meter?
      Lidars cope with meter tolerances with a bang, in industrial vision systems for years * tsat :)))
      Self-diagnosis module. Yes, interesting, but not suitable for military aviation, because it leads to an increase in weight and, as a consequence, a decrease in combat load.
      microelectronics, have you heard !? The era of transistors and lamps is long gone ... :)
      Refueling is carried out through the so-called "suction cup", the tightness is carried out by a rubber cuff, after a while it loses its elasticity, a fuel leak appears, and here it is necessary to make a decision on further refueling or repair.
      the tightness is checked by the sensor in the cuff or on the filling valve and sends data on all the cuffs: pressure losses, fuel consumption to the diagnostic module, and the latter is already writing data to a file (logging) for the operator, etc., why is there a person who is today maybe: sick, drunk, having a fight with a neighbor, or with his wife ... (substitute the "human factor" parameter for every taste ...) !!!
      Inspection of the s-that is carried out not only visually, the backlash of some parts is checked, it is not visually determined. There are many nuances, I will not paint.
      and a human being has a technique that has special telepathic senses to check not visually the backlash or without the appropriate tools ...!? Or is he a medium 80 lvl ??? :))))
  7. agoran
    agoran 11 January 2021 10: 30
    0
    Quote: Alexander Vorontsov
    In most videos, it is about examining the upper surface of an aircraft. I do not think that the upper part of the physical should be checked for backlash. The area that does not need to be checked for backlash is pretty decent.

    In the area of ​​the upper part of the fuselage there are turbo-coolers several times there was a malfunction due to oiling. tactile. Well, I slipped stupidly, this is the first time.
  8. Termit1309
    Termit1309 11 January 2021 10: 32
    +1
    Quote: Hagen
    And on video (on the network and on TV

    On the net you can find a video of how young negros hammer cobalt in a mine with their hands.
    You give the data. Statistics.
    1. Hagen
      Hagen 12 January 2021 06: 01
      -1
      Quote: Termit1309
      You give the data. Statistics.

      Read above. Everything is there. And you can also make a request to the network. There are special reports on the level of automation and robotization of production in the country. Everything is available for those who are interested.
  9. datura23
    datura23 11 January 2021 12: 10
    -3
    an international ban on the development of robotics and artificial intelligence is needed
    1. Voltsky
      Voltsky 11 January 2021 14: 00
      +1
      and to combine with tractors, give a harnessed woman to the plow
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 11 January 2021 16: 52
      0
      No one will follow this idiotic prohibition.
    3. Intruder
      Intruder 11 January 2021 17: 01
      0
      an international ban on the development of robotics and artificial intelligence is needed
      still prohibit mechanized transport and be sure to return to horse-drawn transport, plus sailboats and only a magnetic compass and birch bark letters, with pigeon mail ...? :) The atmosphere will be environmentally beneficial for everyone, the water in rivers and lakes ... will become pristine, in a few years ..., but again dirt on the streets and horse manure, near bars and restaurants ...
  10. exo
    exo 11 January 2021 15: 35
    0
    Quote: Civil
    1. Where will the workers who will be thrown out by robots go? And there are thousands of them.
    2. Will robots work with low-quality materials like our locksmiths?

    Now, everyone who works under Western certificates uses only high-quality, certified materials, which is strictly monitored by the lessor and the aviation authorities of the country of registration.
    With domestic aircraft, it will not be so. There are examples.
    1. Olddetractor
      Olddetractor 11 January 2021 18: 06
      0
      The picture becomes believable if the planes in it are replaced by drones. And it becomes clear that such complexes are a matter of the future.
  11. Alien From
    Alien From 11 January 2021 19: 01
    0
    Robots work, not humans! The Terminator will probably come all the same ...
  12. GBG_Belarus
    GBG_Belarus 11 January 2021 20: 08
    +2
    Yes, by now the scientific and technical capabilities of mankind have reached the point that automation can replace many areas of activity, but the question is - what will the freed people do? There will be fewer jobs, and more and more unemployed. And here is the paradox - a private trader produces goods in an automated factory, but people do not buy - there is no money, and robots do not need it. Unemployment benefits, unconditional income, but how? To do this without simply printing money, it is necessary to raise taxes on private traders, i.e. take up to 80-90% of its profits. Will private traders agree to this? Unlikely. Capitalism, as a system, by its own laws is not suitable for this. What's in store for us? Feudal capitalism, communism or general revolution and the subsequent war of all against all and a rollback to the past?
  13. Kushka
    Kushka 11 January 2021 23: 26
    0
    [quote = agoran]. [/ quote]
    In the area of ​​the upper part of the fuselage there are turbo-coolers several times there was a malfunction due to oiling. tactilely... Well, slipped stupidly, this is the first rah. [/ quote]
    In the famous book "The Rise of Sunken Ships" there is
    a story about how, I don't remember who, it took to raise
    for some reason a precious wooden ship. Invited
    renowned experts for a lot of money. They are many
    spent time, examined the entire building, shut up everything,
    but no matter how much water was pumped out, the ship was refilled again.
    Finally, they invited the coolest foreign specialist,
    for huge money. On the first day, on the first dive
    he slipped and trying to hold on, raised his hand to the body
    and hit the hole with a swing. It was closed up and the process started. Having received
    his own, he went home the same day.
  14. Kushka
    Kushka 11 January 2021 23: 55
    +1
    And this is from personal experience, not from a book.
    In the year 80, I snatched a business trip to
    service car to the capital - Kiev. Yes
    still for some big holiday.
    Well, I took this Muscovite - a pickup with
    she was 10 years old with a yellow stripe.
    Violation of something else, and not just one - a bouquet.
    I overcame these 300 km. without incident, but
    before the capital, as I felt, I was worried.
    He hid his daughter on the floor (ducked).
    And now at the very entrance I see a post, a traffic cop ...
    And suddenly, from afar, he switches to
    the other (from the driver) side, and already close
    puts down the wand. Well, everything, I think, got it.
    I stopped, he opens the door himself
    passenger and says: Well, daughter, sit down
    exactly, and look - in front of you Kiev - Mother
    Russian cities! Drive through! Jaw
    I fell right down to the pedals and for half an hour
    and stayed there, how did he calculate?
  15. Usher
    Usher 12 January 2021 01: 40
    -3
    Of course, there are parts, the life of which is limited by material fatigue, but there are also enough parts that wear mainly in local friction zones. Applying this technology for such parts, there is no need to recycle the old and re-manufacture the new one - it is enough to simply restore the worn-out layer.

    What wild nonsense? Since when has paint started replacing a part?
  16. Usher
    Usher 12 January 2021 01: 44
    -4
    Here, as for an hour, according to the training manual, what kind of game is being pushed through once a week? Now our missiles are bad, then the ships are not the same, then the trucks, now the planes. Tomorrow what? Helicopters? Then why are the West afraid of us? We have, according to them, the shitiest? Everywhere we are lagging behind, in the west even mythical cameras look into the compressor on the go, I don’t know how it happens. I didn't even watch the video, the description was enough. They came up with a tractor that turns on the spot, but emae, what are we stupid !? Can experts at least go to the airport and see? Or what kind of industrial enterprise? He probably the poor fellow thinks that we still work with a sledgehammer? Although a sledgehammer is a useful thing at work)
  17. The comment was deleted.
  18. zenion
    zenion 12 January 2021 17: 39
    0
    To this day, I can't forget robotics and the advanced progress of the United States in feeding workers with robots. Chaplin was not only fed, but wiped his lips and stuffed his face.
  19. Termit1309
    Termit1309 13 January 2021 11: 02
    +1
    Quote: Hagen
    Quote: Termit1309
    You give the data. Statistics.

    Read above. Everything is there. And you can also make a request to the network. There are special reports on the level of automation and robotization of production in the country. Everything is available for those who are interested.

    Oh, I see. I am Hagen all sorts of nonsense, and do not dare to doubt my words. And if you have doubts, look for confirmation on the Internet. Who does not find that quilted jacket and evil Putinist.
  20. Diverter
    Diverter 17 January 2021 22: 17
    0
    What is the article about? Robots penetrate deeper and deeper into all areas. The same goes for aviation. This is clear to everyone. Our country after the war (meaning the Third World War, political and economic, which is sometimes called Cold) has not yet recovered. The economy is lame, which means nothing for everything)))) There will be an opportunity to get to this topic.
    Although personally I am against robots. They lead to the degradation of humanity.
  21. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 26 January 2021 15: 45
    -1
    In the case of our country, a thick economic barrier stands in the way of implementing much of this. In the case of industrial injuries, compensation to our employees and foreign ones - both by court and by contract - is incommensurable. The salaries of our and foreign workers are also disproportionate. I mean, of course, those countries in which robotics is developing - after all, there is an economic interest, and not just some kind of prohibitive craving for progress, so to speak.
  22. Alexey Zigalov
    Alexey Zigalov 2 February 2021 07: 14
    0
    Thanks for the article. You brought up the main topic, robots will fly, and from the beginning they will carry loads of people. How many 10-15 years later, it will be tomorrow ... Robots will serve. Everyone else is retired for $ 100.
  23. m_silenus
    m_silenus 1 March 2021 16: 43
    +1
    Robots leaked Boeing ...
    https://electrodealpro.com/after-6-years-of-ineffective-exploitation-boeing-was-forced-to-eliminate-the-777-automatic-assembly-robot-system/
  24. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. 22 March 2021 09: 03
    0
    "robotic refueling system:"
    Taking into account that the cost of a manipulator - a tanker in terms of the long-suffering Russian ruble - is very expensive, it is rather an experiment that has no real economic feasibility.
    Anyway, the driver of the tanker car remains