Military Review

Aircraft repair industry of Ukraine - state, plans, real prospects

39

Before talking about specific examples, an important point should be clearly identified: we will talk mainly about those industrial facilities that are engaged in maintenance aviation military. The fact is that almost all repair work on aircraft manufactured by Antonov is carried out by the civil aviation plant 410, which is part of the same concern, which in recent years has provided at least 10% of the profit of Antonov Group. They practically never give orders "to the side" - they themselves barely survive.


The main problem is chronic underfunding on the part of the state, as well as the lack of supplies of spare parts and components, most of which are produced in Russia. Attempts to "import substitution" undertaken by Antonov since 2014 have actually led nowhere. Firstly, the prices of any repair work in which parts and assemblies of American or European production are used do not just increase significantly, but literally skyrocket. Secondly, all aircraft operated by the company were certified with “native” Russian components. Replacing them with others, accordingly, will require new certification, which is simply unrealistic for modern Ukraine.

After the collapse of the USSR, aircraft repair enterprises specializing in servicing military equipment, "non-cash" after the collapse of the USSR, got, frankly, more than needed. These are, first of all, MiGremont, Odessa Aviaremservice, Lvov and Chuguev Aircraft Repair Plants, Nikolaev Aircraft Repair Enterprise NARP. And this is not a complete list ... However, the Ukrainian army "inherited" a lot of combat aircraft too - more than 1,1 thousand units. However, during the years of "nezalezhnost" from this park, little remained. A lot of cars (and those in the best condition) were sold abroad, a considerable number of them crashed in air accidents or simply fell into disrepair, standing motionless on the ground.

Today, the exact number of military aircraft in Ukraine that are at least somewhat suitable for operation is, of course, classified. However, according to available information, it is estimated at no more than a couple of dozen Su-27s, three dozen Su-24M, Su-24MR and fifteen Su-25. Also, it seems, there are 70-80 MiG-29 fighters available, the flight and combat qualities of which raise the most serious doubts. Yes, Ukrainian aircraft repair enterprises, which began to receive at least some government orders since the beginning of the conflict in the east of the country, regularly report on the routine maintenance they carried out and even "modernizations" of elderly combat vehicles ...

However, all this is nothing more than an attempt to prolong the agony of aircraft that have exhausted their entire conceivable resource. How "effective" they are, is evidenced, for example, by the plane crash that occurred in 2018 during the Clear Sky exercises near Vinnitsa. Then on board the fallen Su-27UB fighter, not only the Ukrainian pilot, but also his American instructor, died. But the best of the cars was probably chosen for this flight ... "Military" aircraft repairmen face the same problems as their civilian counterparts - the lack of Russian spare parts makes normal maintenance impossible in principle. So far, the issue is being resolved by buying up components in countries that were previously members of the ATS and have some stocks of parts for Soviet aircraft. But no "zagashniki" are eternal.

Kiev understands this very well and therefore in recent years have announced their intentions to transfer their own air force to imported "modern aircraft". Ukraine has repeatedly proclaimed that its pilots will soon switch to 4 ++ generation fighters, alluding to either the American F-16 Block 70/72, or the Swedish Saab JAS-39 E / F Gripen. However, there is no money in the local budget for equipment of this level (even if it is used), and it is not expected to give such expensive “toys” to its “non-leveraged”, which is so mired in debt, its “Western partners”, of course, will not. An alternative, perhaps, could be Chinese cars, but Kiev is spoiling relations with Beijing more and more, and the Chinese comrades are unlikely to want to have problems with Moscow on this matter.

One way or another, the prospects for the aircraft repair industry in Ukraine are not just vague, but extremely sad. In the opinion of many local experts, they simply do not exist - the relevant enterprises will either have to change the profile of their own activities, or simply close. After all, you can't endlessly repair airplanes, a place for which a long time ago in the aviation museum! And there is nothing to fix them already ... If the Ukrainian Air Force nevertheless switches to foreign vehicles, this will not correct the situation, but will only aggravate. After all, now the operating factories are certified only for working with Soviet equipment - the same Mig and Su.

Some subjects with a particularly developed imagination (such as, for example, the Ukrainian military expert Taras Chmut) propose to redesign aircraft repair enterprises "for servicing Western passenger liners." Not bad idea. But it is extremely doubtful that someone would let the Ukrainian "specialists" approach Boeing or Airbus. Moreover, these companies have enough of their potentially unemployed today ...

In mid-December 2020, Prime Minister of Ukraine Denis Shmyhal announced “the government's approval of the concept of the program for the state development of the aviation industry until 2030”. Judging by the promises, to allocate 2 billion hryvnia (5 billion rubles or 70 million dollars) annually for the development of the industry as a whole, with absolutely no indication of where this money will come from, is another set of good intentions and unrealizable projects. In reality, the aircraft repair industry in Ukraine is likely to suffer the same sad fate as the rest of its aviation industry.
Author:
Photos used:
photo from the site of the Nikolaev aircraft repair enterprise NARP
39 comments
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  1. Terenin
    Terenin 6 January 2021 05: 35
    +2
    ... not only the Ukrainian pilot was killed, but also his American instructor.
    if the Ukrainian side also "professionally", and not like other gangsters, spoke about the opposite side, then of course, it would be a pity for the bachelor party.
    And, this is how the thought arises, to give out a warrant with an inscription
    Prime Minister of Ukraine Denis Shmyhal in mid-December 2020 "approved by the government the concept of the program for the state development of the aviation industry until 2030".
    1. Machito
      Machito 6 January 2021 21: 34
      +10
      For independent aviation and the aviation industry, without clinking glasses drinks
  2. Crowe
    Crowe 6 January 2021 05: 57
    +14
    In reality, the aircraft repair industry in Ukraine is likely to suffer the same sad fate as the rest of its aviation industry.

    "Joy is given to the rude,
    Sorrow is given to the gentle.
    I need nothing,
    I'm not sorry for anyone.

    I feel sorry for myself a little
    Sorry for homeless dogs. "
    Sergei Alexandrovich Yesenin.

    But the aviation repair industry of Ukraine, together with its aviation industry, is not a pity.
  3. Comrade
    Comrade 6 January 2021 06: 16
    +9
    Ukraine has repeatedly proclaimed that its pilots will soon switch to 4 ++ generation fighters, however, there is no money in the local budget for equipment of this level and is not expected

    Due to the lack of money, this will be the real appearance of the aviation of Ukraine of tomorrow.
    1. Machito
      Machito 6 January 2021 21: 36
      0
      Not everyone can watch tomorrow laughing lol
  4. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 6 January 2021 06: 18
    +3
    Why do non-brothers need litaki, the whole world is with them, everyone will fight for Ridna Nenko smile
  5. svp67
    svp67 6 January 2021 06: 46
    +4
    Such enterprises will be reduced to a minimum and all that ... "Silently" all the Soviet legacy there is simply destroyed ...
  6. Ovsigovets
    Ovsigovets 6 January 2021 06: 48
    +7
    "Abrosim died, and to hell with him" (C)
  7. Thrifty
    Thrifty 6 January 2021 07: 59
    0
    So Western aircraft in operation will be more expensive than ours! And spare parts are not cheap either! Even one regiment on the same F16 in the defense budget of Ukriyevs will pierce a huge financial hole, and there may be a need for a dozen of such regiments. So, one can only dream of western aircraft. Or, having vypavkiv at the same usa their aircraft fleets, do not lift these aircraft into the air, in order to avoid their mass death, or fall lol
    1. Ratmir_Ryazan
      Ratmir_Ryazan 7 January 2021 10: 23
      0
      But what kind of air regiment are they, a couple of F-16 squadrons is the ceiling of Ukraine in the Air Force, and then if the United States will give one squadron.

      And then, as they get rich in 10 years, they may buy a couple of squadrons.

      Won Bulgaria dumped 1,2 billion dollars for 8 F-16 aircraft. For this money, the Bulgarians could buy 24 Su-30SM.

      Bulgaria is also a country forever with mediocre politicians in power. It's even amazing how they do it.

      2 squadrons of F-16 will cost 2,5 billion dollars. There is no such money in the budget of Ukraine for aircraft today and is not expected in the near future.
      1. Vladimir Mashkov
        Vladimir Mashkov 7 January 2021 16: 08
        0
        Quote: Ratmir_Ryazan
        Won Bulgaria dumped 1,2 billion dollars for 8 F-16 aircraft. For this money, the Bulgarians could buy 24 Su-30SM.

        And in this regard very the Bulgarians' fuss with the repair of the Su-25 and MiGs is suspicious: aren’t the NATO members going to strengthen Ukraine with these aircraft repaired by BELARUS and RUSSIA for bombing the Donbass? Profitable gesheft!
        1. Ratmir_Ryazan
          Ratmir_Ryazan 7 January 2021 21: 10
          -1
          And in this regard, the Bulgarians' fuss with the repair of Su-25 and MiGs is very suspicious: aren’t the NATO members going to strengthen Ukraine with these planes repaired by BELARUS and RUSSIA for bombing Donbass?


          Even if we assume that from some Bulgaria decides to donate 30 aircraft to Ukraine for its own money, then 10 Bulgarian MiG-29s and 20 Su-25s will not greatly strengthen Ukraine.

          Ukraine has already lost about 30 planes and helicopters over Donbass in 2014, I don't think there will be anyone willing to repeat this again.

          But the UAVs Bayraktars can pose a real danger, but if they use them, it will be a direct violation of the Minsk agreements and then Russia will have a free hand, we will clear the sky over Donbass directly from our airspace, and if necessary, we will enter their sky ...

          From Russia to Donetsk and Lugansk is less than 100 km, and this is less than the range of the R-77 and R-27 air-to-air missiles.

          In fact, I think that the Bulgarians themselves need to have at least a couple of squadrons of modern fighters, otherwise they will soon be left without aircraft at all, so they rush about. It is necessary to have the Air Force and the Bulgarian politicians to lick Uncle Sam's shoes, but there is no money for all this.
  8. Kot_Kuzya
    Kot_Kuzya 6 January 2021 09: 10
    +5
    In reality, the aircraft repair industry in Ukraine is likely to suffer the same sad fate as the rest of its aviation industry.

    Not most likely, but already ... Since 2015, that is, for 6 years, Ukrainian aircraft factories have not released a single new built aircraft. That is, it can already be taken as a fact that the aircraft industry in Ukraine has long been gone. And the aircraft industry is not for you to start churning out pots for horses, if the ground is lost, then it will be impossible for such a poor country to restore it. Even Russia is experiencing considerable difficulties in creating new airliners such as the MS-21 and Il-114, and it’s ridiculous to compare the capabilities of Ukraine and Russia. The level of Ukraine is the level of Bulgaria and Romania, no matter how "sluggish" they think they are. Let them ride Hyperloops, as their Minister Omelyan promised them laughing
    1. leonek16
      leonek16 7 January 2021 17: 57
      +1
      When did Bulgaria build aviation equipment ????? I only remember Sychnev bereg
      1. Artunis
        Artunis 12 January 2021 19: 24
        0
        Solntsev bryag seems more correct, and even then the shmurdyak is still the same! But the ketchup was not bad, natural and without chemicals!
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 6 January 2021 09: 49
    +4
    Last year, two lads from VIAZ (421 plants) worked for me at the Christmas fair. If you look at their Ukrainian websites, these are modern enterprises that are fully loaded. But in reality, as the lads said, everything is at the level of 1991. They repaired the killed "Anton" for two months, received a small penny, there is no further work, they are expecting the next "Anton", so their relative arranged for us as cleaners at the Fair.
    1. Avior
      Avior 6 January 2021 20: 42
      0
      If you look at their Ukrainian websites, these are modern enterprises that are fully loaded.

      it is not clear what kind of sites could write this
      "Ukroboronprom" is preparing for sale Vinnitsa aircraft plant
      NEWS3254 views15 January 2020, 10:39 AMFacebook6Twitter
      Ukroboronprom does not see any reason to keep the enterprise.


      The State Property Fund of Ukraine has published a list of small privatization objects, in which there are 9 state-owned enterprises of the Ukroboronprom concern, including the Vinnytsia Aviation Plant. Ukroboronprom does not see any reason to keep the enterprise.

      This is reported by the CFTS with reference to the Vedomosti privatization.

      Previously, the plant was not given to private owners.
      Those who want to buy are completely the same Boguslaev. Vinnytsia plant specialized in helicopters, and Boguslaev is actively promoting this topic in helicopters.
      A month ago, he launched the production of composite blades for helicopters, is actively engaged in remotorization and restoration.
      1. Brturin
        Brturin 6 January 2021 22: 20
        -3
        Are Motor Sich capacities already loaded and an expansion is required? ... Now the French have gone, but they are unlikely to sell the plant if it had prospects for servicing these summer companies ...
        1. Avior
          Avior 6 January 2021 23: 10
          0
          Boguslaev is not only Motor Sich, which is already practically Chinese, by the way.
          He also has restoration and overhaul of helicopters, a helicopter training center and some other production facilities that are not part of Motor Sich.
          And the Vinnytsia plant is underutilized and therefore priaptized.
          Let's see who buys.
          1. Brturin
            Brturin 6 January 2021 23: 47
            -1
            Quote: Avior
            He also has restoration and overhaul of helicopters, a helicopter training center and some other production facilities that are not part of Motor Sich.

            good, but how busy they are now in order to acquire additional capacities ... and with the Chinese it is still final ...
  11. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 6 January 2021 10: 12
    +5
    Ukrainian pilots are the bravest pilots in the world, they fly on "Ukrainian" planes. One hand is on the control stick, the other is on the control of the catapult in order to be in time.
  12. xomaNN
    xomaNN 6 January 2021 12: 17
    +3
    Aircraft repairs and repairs can be continued "on paper" like the An-26 that fell under Chuguev with 27 cadets. According to the papers, it was allegedly recently repaired and the engines were updated. So it's time to put the aviation museum into operation.

    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 6 January 2021 22: 16
      0
      Quote: xomaNN
      So it's time to put the aviation museum into operation.

      It's time to go to the bulls, it is safe, cheap and there is no need for a carp. "Tso-tsobe! Let's go!"
  13. Gregory Charnota
    Gregory Charnota 6 January 2021 14: 40
    0
    you can't look without tears, as they say, all this bitter cataclysm that I'm watching here
    and Vladimir Nikolaevich too ..
  14. Mishanya74_2
    Mishanya74_2 6 January 2021 15: 39
    -1
    Something almost all of the top news about Ukraine
  15. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 6 January 2021 16: 34
    +5
    The article is even somewhat optimistic, the realities are much more severe)))
  16. Gray-haired Zinnik
    Gray-haired Zinnik 6 January 2021 18: 07
    +2
    "Yes, and the dog is with him" (c)
  17. Diverter
    Diverter 6 January 2021 23: 04
    +4
    analyzing this whole situation, a thought arises! really, during all the time of independence, not a single leader had an idea in his head about buying a license for some kind of fighter? Albeit an old development. In fact, Ukraine was an aviation country. They knew how to build and design. We would buy a license and then modify it. After a while, they would have reached their own fighters. After all, some have done so and achieved success. But everyone ate / drank, and then lay under the mattress mats and the Nazis killed the country (
    Now they sincerely wish to fall to the level of Ethiopia not only in aviation, but in all technological areas.
    For those bastards who killed children and adults in the east of the country, I still wish to die of hunger and disease. Slow and painful. Very slow.
    1. Eug
      Eug 7 January 2021 07: 17
      0
      Fighters? Eck you had enough, their niche still had to be conquered, and here is a ready-made design
      and the production of much more commercially profitable transport companies with an already occupied market segment is practically killed ...
      1. Diverter
        Diverter 10 January 2021 23: 11
        0
        now yes, but since the 90s, if we did everything according to our mind, we could achieve a lot
    2. Whiteidol
      Whiteidol 8 January 2021 12: 44
      +1
      There was also a tank and a naval one. After the collapse of the USSR, Ukraine had tremendous potential. What warships were built and launched in Ukraine !! Sometimes I look at the photo of the missile cruiser "Ukraine". For more than 20 years has been standing at the wall with a readiness of 95%. Turned a fighting handsome man into a rusty trough. And they themselves are not needed and cannot sell. ...
  18. Eug
    Eug 7 January 2021 07: 12
    0
    Dnepropetrovsk N 805 should be added to the aforementioned military ARZs that were in Ukraine after the collapse. It was liquidated somewhere between 1993 and 1996, repaired the MiG-25 and, it seems, mastered the MiG-1989 since 23, but I will not say whether it has mastered it or not.
  19. Naval
    Naval 7 January 2021 15: 11
    +3
    We are a space power, the United States of America too
    -
    President Volodymyr Zelensky

    Moon, Venus, and Mars are waiting for the "ancient Sumerians", why waste your time on trifles?
    1. Diverter
      Diverter 10 January 2021 23: 14
      0
      reminds cartoon Mowgli. when the jackal licked the paw of the tiger, shouted that they would go north)) This jester is the same ally of the mattress makers.
  20. Keyser soze
    Keyser soze 7 January 2021 20: 54
    +4
    Judging by the promises, to allocate 2 billion hryvnia (5 billion rubles or 70 million dollars) for the development of the industry as a whole


    This money can only cover the costs of coffee and mineral water for the aviation industry.
  21. wow
    wow 8 January 2021 17: 17
    0
    Eroplan is not a tractor, you cannot repair it with a sledgehammer and welding. So no one needs an aircraft repair (correction with a pencil in the forms)!
  22. Vladimir podryatov
    Vladimir podryatov 9 January 2021 22: 36
    0
    And since when did all and sundry begin to write about aviation. They fix irons and toilets. In aviation, there is flight operation based on the RLE and NPP (flight manual) and technical operation based on RTE (analogy) and NTERAT. And also in Ukraine there is Konotop, the most powerful ARZ for helicopter technology, I don’t know how they get out with the supply of components for Milevsky and Kamov’s vehicles, but they themselves produce TV3-117 and D136 engines in Zaporozhye and allegedly don’t supply us. But they appear with us, and they have blades, screws, HB bushings and other spare parts from us. Probably, daddy is the main supplier again everywhere, from shrimp with Polish apples to helicopter electronics. And only they learned to produce something, for example, polyurethane sets of fuel tank fillers for MI-26 and we agreed with them and they changed them on our sides in Sierra Leone. And they have Kirovograd. Tugged on something, iron fixer.
  23. Growlers
    Growlers 10 January 2021 17: 56
    +1
    The state of the "aircraft repair industry in Ukraine" is characterized by real cases. And these are, first of all, scandals with poor-quality, dishonorable repair of airplanes and helicopters of a number of countries, and of their own aircraft. This is the main thing, all other reasoning is not worth the paper on which all this is written
  24. FIN
    FIN 12 January 2021 16: 56
    -2
    Then on board the fallen Su-27UB fighter, not only the Ukrainian pilot, but also his American instructor, died.

    Why does a Ukrainian pilot need an American instructor on the Su-27? )))
    Yes, there were many ARZ.
    Declassified scheme.
    Served the aviation of the union.
    Now less, but they work.
    I don't see the meaning of the article. Haraluzhny repost from whom?