Military Review

Combat aircraft. The Flying Dutchman: the cruiser shot down on takeoff

60
We are now going to talk about a rather peculiar plane from an extraordinary country. We are talking about Holland, which is now called the Netherlands. But then it was Holland with all that it implies, so let's talk about the Dutch plane.


Combat aircraft. The Flying Dutchman: the cruiser shot down on takeoff

In general, at the beginning of the last century, Holland was a country "very so-so". Yes, the colonies still remained, but the country clearly did not play the first roles in the European arena. Nevertheless, Holland had a fleet, ships were built, and planes were also built.

Holland, small in size and budget, had a big trump card in his pocket. Trump's name was Anthony Fokker. Generally, Anton Hermann Gerard Fokker, but let's be more modest. Anthony. In principle, the name is not so important here, the head is more important.


And Anthony's head was right. In World War I, he did a good job for the good of Germany, his Fokker-Triplan was one of the best aircraft of that war along with the Sopwith Camel and Nieuport-XXIV.

However, after the defeat of Germany, Anthony was tormented by homesickness and he returned to Holland. This was welcomed by the authorities, planes were still needed. But with a caveat.

In the early 30s, Holland, which suffered greatly from the war precisely in economic terms, lacked a lot. Especially money. So, the Dutch could not afford to build, as was customary in advanced countries, a fleet of different types of aircraft. Therefore, Fokker and his designers were assigned an interesting task of creating a universal aircraft that could be used, depending on the circumstances, as an attack aircraft, bomber and fighter.

And here Fokker's designers, led by the brilliant Erich Shatzky, developed a whole theory.


Erich Schatzky

The theory of unification of the entire fleet on the basis of one, but multifunctional vehicle. This aircraft was supposed to combine the functions of a fighter, a reconnaissance aircraft and a light bomber. During the First World War, planes were reprofiled and used easily, but in the 30s it was not easy.

However, Shatsky and the team coped. Designing an aircraft with different application requirements is not easy. This is the path of compromises, and you understand that compromises do not always lead to a bright future, because you have to sacrifice something.

Shatsky decided that it would be most beneficial to create a family of aircraft based on one design, but not by replacing equipment. Shatsky's idea was to create a universal twin-engine aircraft, made on the principle of a two-boom monoplane with a central nacelle. And this gondola and change, depending on what task will be assigned to the plane.

It was planned to release versions of a heavy fighter, a short-range reconnaissance aircraft, a long-range photographic reconnaissance aircraft, a light horizontal and dive bombers. For these modifications, it was planned to make different fuselage gondolas, and leave the frame with motors unified.

In 1935, the aircraft project took on real shape. They named it G.1. Mixed construction of wood and steel pipes with the inclusion of a scarce duralumin. The motors were French, "Hispano-Suiza" 14Ab with a capacity of 680 hp.


The armament was planned to be installed in the fuselage. The project provided for several combinations of weapons, and when it became clear that it was easy to install 2-4 Hispano-Suiza cannons there, the concept of an attack aircraft was added to the scouts and bombers.

Combinations of 20mm and 23mm cannons and 7,92mm machine guns promised quite good firepower. Plus, a 7,92-mm machine gun was also provided for the defense of the rear hemisphere at the navigator-observer, who also became a shooter.


The base was a combination of two 20 mm cannons and four 7,92 mm machine guns in the bow. While there were no guns, eight 7,92 mm machine guns were installed.


In addition, a bomb bay was equipped behind the cockpit, in which it was possible to place up to 400 kg of bombs. Even fighters retained their bomb bay.

In the variants of the fighter and attack aircraft, the crew consisted of two people, for the bomber and the reconnaissance aircraft it increased to three people. The bombardier navigator was relieved of the machine gun, and squeezed between the gunner and the pilot, in place of the internal fuel tank.

In 1936, the plane was ready, and it was sent to the air show in Paris, hoping to earn extra money. The aircraft was billed as "Fokker" G.1, but journalists instantly gave it the nickname "Faucher", that is, "Reaper", hinting at its powerful weapons.


In the summer of 1935, the construction of the prototype G.1 began, and in November of the 36th the finished aircraft was exhibited at the Paris Air Show simply under the name of the company - "Fokker". For his powerful weaponry, he received the nickname "Le Faucher" from journalists - "mower", "reaper".

In Holland itself, Fokker was called a "light cruiser".

The plane flew, however, only after the exhibition. But it flew very, very well. The machine easily performed the whole complex of aerobatics, which was very significant for a twin-engine aircraft.


True, a serious debate began in the Dutch Air Force itself on the topic of whether it is worth betting on this aircraft, or leaving the familiar single-engine and single Fokker D.XXI.

In the meantime, there were disputes, G.1 interested in other countries. The first to come were the Spaniards, they had a civil war going on and the Spaniards really needed planes. Given that the League of Nations proclaimed a policy of non-intervention, and the Republicans did not want adventure, the deal was formalized through the Estonian War Ministry and a dummy French company.

Initially, it was planned to purchase 12 fighters, then the figure increased to 35. Taking into account not the best relations between France and Spain, the aircraft were to be equipped with American Pratt & Whitney R-1535 Twin Wasp Junior engines.

American motors fit into motor mounts "like native". But while the planes were being assembled, the Spanish Civil War ended in defeat for the customers, so the planes were requisitioned in favor of the Dutch Air Force.

Considering that the Dutch government ordered 36 aircraft, with 12 ex-Spanish planes, it turned out to be quite a sane figure.

However, the engines had to be changed again. The French started having problems with the Hispano-Suiza, or rather, with Mark Birkigt, so they had to abandon the engines from this company. It is not entirely clear why they abandoned the already tested Pratt and Whitney in favor of the British Mercury VIII, which were more powerful (830 hp), but they had to tinker with them, being built into the engine nacelles.

The first Fokkers went into service in April 1939, just before the war.


The Dutch Air Force received them very warmly. The fighter was stable, kept well in the air, easily performed aerobatics, which was quite good for a 5-ton aircraft.

The neighbors reached out to look at the planes. Finns, Swedes, Danes. The Swedes issued an order for 95 vehicles, the Danes acquired a license to build 12 vehicles, and the Hungarians wanted to produce the G.1 at their factories.

But the war began and there was absolutely no time for trade. Naturally, all export operations were stopped and all aircraft in production went to the Dutch Air Force.

However, problems with weapons began here. There were no Hispano cannons; they remained in France. They wanted to put into action a project developed for Denmark, that is, two Oerlikon cannons and two 7,92 mm machine guns. But in the conditions of war, it was not possible to acquire guns, so it was necessary to arm the aircraft only with machine guns.

On May 10, 1940, the Dutch Air Force had 26 G.1A in service. Another 15 were training and they were retraining pilots, another 15 machines were unarmed.

And then, unexpectedly for the Dutch Air Force, World War II began. At 4 o'clock in the morning (it became a tradition later), German bombers paid a visit to the Vaalhaven airfield, where, among other things, one squadron of G.1 was stationed.


And in general, only two aircraft out of 12 were able to take off. But things have been done. Three He 111 were shot down. A little later, another Fokker was able to take off, which shot down two more Heinkels. Two Fokkers were damaged, but not critical.

The bombs that hit the airfield destroyed three G.1s.

But when the second wave of bombers with landing gliders approached, they were again met by "cruisers". The G.1 was not as maneuverable as the Bf 109, but its firepower was sufficient to deal with bombers and transport planes.

Although the "Messerschmitts" got it. Test pilot Sondeman, on whose conscience was the acceptance of the G.1, in one battle shot down a Junkers Ju.52 / 3m with a landing party and two Bf.109 fighters. Another G.1 fighter over Rotterdam shot down the He.111 and Do.215, and then fought with the Messerschmitt squadron. Naturally, he was shot down, but Sergeant Buvalda was able to land the riddled car.

Three G.1s, led by Sonderman, were unable to land at their airfield, which had already been captured by the Germans, and landed on a seaside beach. There they were shot by German fighters.

Until the very capitulation of Holland, all 5 days, G. 1 were active in combat: they accompanied bombers, fought against German landings, fought against German fighters and bombers.


And the numerical advantage of the Germans did not always play in these battles. The Fokker T.V and the two accompanying G.1s were attacked by a nine Bf 109. It is clear that the bomber and one of the cruisers were shot down, the amazing thing is that the remaining Fokker shot down one Messerschmitt and left!

And there were also such cases as an attack performed by Lieutenant Van Uhlsen, who on May 12 single-handedly rushed to three Bf 109E and shot down one of them. Of course, the two remaining Germans subsequently made a decent sieve out of the plane, but the gallant lieutenant even made it to the airfield.

But overall, the number of G.1s has been declining. Retreating, the Dutch abandoned the airfields and five days after the start of the war, the country capitulated.

Indicative is the fact that the Germans got only 7 "Fokkers" in more or less serviceable condition and four were in conservation. All other aircraft had combat damage or were completely disabled.

The captured aircraft were “put on the wing” and used as training aircraft.

There was an interesting case when two Dutch pilots managed to hijack a plane and fly it to Britain.

The Germans used Dutch pilots to fly over their aircraft. But not really trusting the Dutch pilots, the Germans let them fly with a minimum amount of fuel and accompanied by fighters.


How the two Dutchmen managed to refuel their Fokker remains a mystery, but they did it. And then, the Dutch, who knew their technique, were able to hide from the convoy in the clouds and in some incomprehensible way flew to Great Britain. There the plane became a subject of study.


In general, the Fokker G.1 was one of the most interesting aircraft of that war. Now they would say - modular design. Maneuverable, fairly fast and well armed - what else does a combat aircraft need?

Of course, the fact that there were no guns for the G.1 greatly weakened the strike power of the aircraft. But eight machine guns, concentrated in the nose, are pretty decent for 1940. At that time, only the Hurricanes carried so many barrels, but in the wings, which did not affect the accuracy in the best way.

If the Dutch manufacturers had the opportunity to properly equip the aircraft with weapons, it could become one of the best. But it turned out that the "cruiser" was sunk on takeoff, in 5 days of the war, which Holland lost.


LTH Fokker G.1

Wingspan, m: 17,14
Length, m: 11,50
Height, m: 3,40
Wing area, м2: 38,30

Weight, kg
- empty aircraft: 3 323
- normal takeoff: 4 790

Engine: 2 x Bristol Mercury VIII x 830 hp

Maximum speed km / h: 475
Cruising speed, km / h: 355
Practical range, km: 1 500
Rate of climb, m / min: 787
Practical ceiling, m: 9 250

Crew, people: 2 people in the version of a fighter and attack aircraft, 3 people in the version of a reconnaissance and bomber.

Armament:
- 8 forward facing 7,92 mm machine guns in the bow
- 1 machine gun 7,92 mm on a kingpin in the tail cone
- up to 400 kg of bombs

Author:
60 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Anachoret
    Anachoret 30 December 2020 18: 08
    +8
    Hmm, many good and different projects are strangled by optimization.
    And Eurooptimization strangled Fokker as an aircraft manufacturer.

    The single market does not always decide in favor of individual states.
    Especially if another giant is already dancing in this market
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 30 December 2020 18: 29
      +15
      Interesting article. Previously, I knew absolutely nothing about this plane.
      1. Anachoret
        Anachoret 30 December 2020 18: 31
        +4
        A few years ago, Fokkers were used by some companies on internal regional flights to the EU, nor did their creators fly for almost 20 years
      2. Observer2014
        Observer2014 30 December 2020 21: 08
        -3
        Quote: Stroporez
        Interesting article. Previously, I knew absolutely nothing about this plane.

        yes I fully support you colleague. Interesting information.
  2. Undecim
    Undecim 30 December 2020 18: 09
    +12
    We are now going to talk about a rather peculiar plane from an extraordinary country. We are talking about Holland, which is now called the Netherlands.
    The Netherlands has been called the Netherlands since the XIV century. Holland is a historical region in the west of the Netherlands, consisting of two provinces of the country - North Holland and South Holland.
  3. Kostya Lavinyukov
    Kostya Lavinyukov 30 December 2020 18: 12
    +3
    Something around the paragraphs about the Paris Air Show went wrong with the author.
  4. Kostya Lavinyukov
    Kostya Lavinyukov 30 December 2020 18: 18
    +2
    Bf 199E is something new.
  5. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 30 December 2020 18: 22
    -1
    But eight machine guns, concentrated in the nose, are pretty decent for 1940.

    Where they just shoved them. And even with ammunition request
    1. URAL72
      URAL72 30 December 2020 18: 52
      +1
      "Where did they just put them. Yes, and with ammunition"

      Silence the hussars !!! laughing
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 30 December 2020 18: 58
        -3
        Quote: URAL72
        Silence the hussars !!!

        Why such a fright? belay
        1. Avior
          Avior 31 December 2020 01: 44
          -1
          This is an anecdote about Lieutenant Rzhevsky :)
          About how Natasha inserted candles into the cake.
    2. Gato
      Gato 30 December 2020 20: 11
      +3
      Where they just shoved them. And even with ammunition

      If you wish, you can shove in something that is not pushed in ... The British have pushed 6 cannons and 6 machine guns into one of the Beaufighter modifications. And nothing, he flew. It is not clear only how it was not stopped in the air by the recoil.
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 30 December 2020 20: 17
        -2
        Quote: Gato
        If you want, you can shove

        Yes, I know and understand it
        I'm just amazed at the designers
      2. Alf
        Alf 30 December 2020 21: 00
        +1
        Quote: Gato
        There the British pushed 6 cannons and 6 machine guns into one of the Beaufighter modifications.

        Maximum 4 cannons and 6 browning, five in the wings (1 + 4) and one on the turret.
        Quote: Gato
        It is not clear only how it was not stopped in the air by the recoil.

        The British night light Sir Cunningham wrote that after a volley of cannons, the sight in the cockpit began to "walk".
        1. Gato
          Gato 30 December 2020 21: 03
          +1
          Maximum 4 cannons and 6 browning

          View the Beaufighter Mk III / IV modification
          1. Alf
            Alf 30 December 2020 21: 07
            0
            Quote: Gato
            Maximum 4 cannons and 6 browning

            View the Beaufighter Mk III / IV modification

            1. Gato
              Gato 30 December 2020 21: 34
              0
              Nevertheless, there were projects. They did not go into production because of the cost of reworking technological equipment:
              Beaufighter Mk III / IV
              The Mark III and Mark IV were to be Hercules and Merlin powered Beaufighters with a new, slimmer fuselage, carrying an armament of six cannons and six machine guns that improved performance. The necessary costs of the changes to the production line led to the curtailing of the marks
              1. Alf
                Alf 30 December 2020 21: 52
                0
                Quote: Gato
                Nevertheless, there were projects.

                There were a lot of things in the projects ... P-38 was also planned with 23 mm Madsen, and he flew with Hispano ..
      3. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 31 December 2020 09: 47
        0
        Quote: Gato
        There the British pushed 6 cannons and 6 machine guns into one of the Beaufighter modifications. And nothing, he flew.

        And if you remember the Yankees - the same A-26. smile
        1. Gato
          Gato 31 December 2020 15: 58
          0
          A-26

          Well, yes, but so he has a "higher pipe and thicker smoke" - almost 2 times heavier, as if already a different class.
    3. Alf
      Alf 30 December 2020 21: 01
      0
      Quote: Lipchanin
      Where they just shoved them. And even with ammunition

      Cannons in the nose, under the pilot, machine guns in the wings.
  6. wow
    wow 30 December 2020 18: 36
    +1
    It flies beautifully, but I can imagine the sensation of a gunner sitting backwards.
    1. Gato
      Gato 30 December 2020 20: 20
      +2
      the feeling of a gunner sitting backwards

      "You will be a gunner-radio operator, and in your heart - a pilot! You will fly with a whistle back and forth"
  7. BAI
    BAI 30 December 2020 18: 41
    0
    the plane was supposed to combine the functions of a fighter, a reconnaissance aircraft and a light bomber.

    For some reason it seems to me that further it was possible to talk about the Pe-2.
    1. Potter
      Potter 30 December 2020 19: 45
      +4
      The Pe-2 was created not as a universal aircraft, but as a high-altitude air defense fighter and a long-range aviation escort fighter. And when the "weaving" successfully passed the tests, it became clear that the Germans had no opponents for it. So a dive bomber appeared, and then a fighter was made from a dive bomber. Our universal aircraft was made according to the Ivanov program, and that became the Su-2. An excellent close scout, a good close bomber. And at the beginning of the war it is often a forced fighter.
  8. BMP-2
    BMP-2 30 December 2020 18: 42
    +1
    I wonder if the speed, regardless of the configuration option, was the same for everyone?
    1. Alf
      Alf 30 December 2020 21: 02
      +1
      Quote: BMP-2
      I wonder if the speed, regardless of the configuration option, was the same for everyone?

      Well, the mass turned out to be different, so the speed could walk, not much, of course.
      1. BMP-2
        BMP-2 30 December 2020 22: 07
        0
        Well, I don't know: 400 kg of bomb load is, of course, not so hot, what an increase in weight, but I think in a horizontal flight of 50-100 kilometers, these extra kilograms must have eaten.
        1. Alf
          Alf 30 December 2020 22: 10
          +1
          Quote: BMP-2
          Well, I don't know: 400 kg of bomb load is, of course, not so hot, what an increase in weight, but I think in a horizontal flight of 50-100 kilometers, these extra kilograms must have eaten.

          It's also possible. On the Mustang from the external suspension, the speed dropped from 582 to 498 km / h.
      2. sivuch
        sivuch 31 December 2020 09: 44
        0
        The speed could differ by%, but the rate of climb, acceleration, derivatives of these values, i.e. dialing speed - by tens of percent, or even several times.
  9. svp67
    svp67 30 December 2020 19: 12
    +1
    It would be interesting to compare them in a real battle with the Bf 110 B-1 which, of course, had two fewer barrels in the nose, but had two guns ...
    And in the fighter version, Fokker did not have the courage to leave the pilot alone ... as in the "Lightning"
    1. Gato
      Gato 30 December 2020 20: 35
      +2
      I read somewhere that the 2-beam scheme gives an advantage in maneuver compared to the 2-keel scheme, like in the 110th. And there, going into the tail and cannons and machine guns would probably be enough, it's not a B-17.
      1. sivuch
        sivuch 31 December 2020 09: 48
        0
        I doubt the maneuverability. But the aerodynamics of the two long carrots are a bit better.
        1. irontom
          irontom 1 January 2021 21: 21
          0
          That is, that is, the weight efficiency of the frame is worse in comparison with the classical scheme, here turbochargers and a cooling system for exhaust gases and compressed air for the engine are needed for complete happiness, which fit well into the R-38 frame.
          And so heavy 2-engine fighters came out better according to the classics. reconnaissance frames and night fighters with a large firing sector.
          In addition to the R-38, one of the success factors was the turbo boost system.
    2. Doliva63
      Doliva63 1 January 2021 17: 16
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      It would be interesting to compare them in a real battle with the Bf 110 B-1 which, of course, had two fewer barrels in the nose, but had two guns ...
      And in the fighter version, Fokker did not have the courage to leave the pilot alone ... as in the "Lightning"

      Kohl knocked down the 109th, the 110th, logically, not a problem.
  10. Gato
    Gato 30 December 2020 19: 55
    +1
    The very concept of a universal platform is interesting. Something like a modern tactical fighter.
    Although I believed that the purpose of the "cruiser" was long-range escort of bombers or a long barrage with readiness to intercept. Holland did not seem to have long-range bombers, and there was no need to patrol over the scanty country for a long time. Perhaps the colonies.
    1. svp67
      svp67 30 December 2020 20: 39
      +1
      Quote: Gato
      Although I believed that the purpose of the "cruiser" was long-range escort of bombers or a long barrage with readiness to intercept.

      But they received actually ONE aircraft, but in different versions, and this greatly facilitated the release, maintenance, development ...
    2. Mister X
      Mister X 31 December 2020 00: 51
      +3
      Quote: Gato
      The very concept of a universal platform is interesting.

      hi
      Later (in the 1980s) a similar concept was implemented in the Ka-126 helicopter.

      "Flying chassis" Ka-126


      Ka-126 with a cargo and passenger cabin
  11. Undecim
    Undecim 30 December 2020 20: 18
    +1

    Interesting documentary footage from the Fokker G-1 Foundation website.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 30 December 2020 23: 31
      0
      The screws turn in different directions, which is a plus for a twin-engine circuit.
  12. Undecim
    Undecim 30 December 2020 20: 43
    +3
    It is not entirely clear why they abandoned the already tested Pratt and Whitney in favor of the British Mercury VIII, which were more powerful (830 hp), but they had to tinker with them, being built into the engine nacelles.
    In 1938, the Aviation Administration (LVA) decided to install Bristol Mercury VIII engines on all aircraft built in the Netherlands to simplify the supply of spare parts.
  13. Alf
    Alf 30 December 2020 21: 14
    +2
    Fokker G-1.

  14. tasha
    tasha 30 December 2020 21: 35
    +4
    Good article and the plane is interesting. Except that...
    However, after the defeat of Germany, Anthony was tormented by homesickness.
    After the Versailles Peace, Germany is prohibited from having an air force and an aircraft industry. So the designers scattered in all directions.
    This is for you for a photo of Erich Schatzki wink drinks

    Found here:

    wink Happy New Year!
  15. Eug
    Eug 30 December 2020 22: 11
    0
    An interesting scheme for a transporter - he replaced the gondola with a load, docked several times and into the air ...
  16. Mister X
    Mister X 30 December 2020 22: 15
    +4
    Dear author (Roman Skomorokhov)
    Let me tell you
    In 2 paragraphs you mention the air show in Paris, and the nickname "The Reaper"
  17. KERMET
    KERMET 30 December 2020 22: 19
    0
    In the photo from the exhibition, there is no I-17 lit up?
    1. fighter angel
      fighter angel 2 January 2021 13: 26
      0
      ANT-35, our rather good passenger high-speed aircraft, and, yes, the I-17, by that time, in 1935, still had good prospects, was lit up there. And by the way, the "big-faced willy" considered and considered this machine in detail when creating his first versions of the Vf-109-"Bertha" and "Klara".
  18. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 30 December 2020 23: 08
    +2
    In the background is a photo plane with the inscription "USSR". And this is 1937-39. 20 years after the revolution, civil war ?!
    Maybe our ,, figures ,, from the aviation industry, too, in the "FSB sharashki" collect? You look and the aviation industry will be raised?
    1. Alf
      Alf 31 December 2020 20: 01
      +1
      Quote: Andrey Nikolaevich
      Maybe our ,, figures ,, from the aviation industry, too, in the "FSB sharashki" collect? You look and the aviation industry will be raised?

      Amendment. It is necessary to drive ALL "activists" into sharaga, but they will not put themselves in jail ...
      1. Andrei Nikolaevich
        Andrei Nikolaevich 31 December 2020 21: 56
        +1
        That's right, for sure !!!!))
  19. Mik13
    Mik13 30 December 2020 23: 44
    +1
    Another G.1 fighter over Rotterdam shot down the He.111 and Do.215, and then fought with the Messerschmitt squadron. Naturally, he was shot down, but Sergeant Buvalda was able to land the riddled car.

    This is not called "knocked down", but "knocked down" - the difference is, in fact, a fundamental one.
  20. Revolver
    Revolver 31 December 2020 00: 22
    0
    In fact, the concept of a twin-engine universal aircraft was, shall we say, not exclusive to Fokker. Mosquito and Beaufighter from Britain, Bf.110 and its development Me.410 from the Germans, Pe-2/3 from the USSR.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 31 December 2020 10: 08
      +1
      Quote: Nagan
      In fact, the concept of a twin-engine universal aircraft was, shall we say, not exclusive to Fokker. Mosquito and Beaufighter from Britain, Bf.110 and its development Me.410 from the Germans, Pe-2/3 from the USSR.

      Plus the French multipurpose Potez family - 630, 631, 633, 637, 63.11.
    2. Alf
      Alf 31 December 2020 20: 04
      0
      Quote: Nagan
      Pe-2/3 from the USSR.

      MI-3 (ANT-21) took off from the USSR in 1933.

  21. SARANCHA1976
    SARANCHA1976 31 December 2020 02: 06
    0
    could be one of the best .. the best of what? Fighter? At 5t. Weights 1600 -1700 HP well, so-so traction, speed and 500 does not give out, maneuverability? no numbers but for two beams with 2 motors I don't think it's a fountain. Performance characteristics gave the version of the fighter 100% on the bomber + 500kg more. A 400 kg. Loads are so-so. Wishlist universality lead to the fate of me110. The miracle of the plane is something you can't see.
  22. Cherry Nine
    Cherry Nine 31 December 2020 02: 13
    0
    Yes, a wonderful plane. I have never seen that at least someone did not like him.

    And, importantly, it is more or less available in technology even for Soviet industry. For this he is loved by alternatives.
  23. Fitter65
    Fitter65 31 December 2020 04: 30
    +2
    Oh, these storytellers, oh, these fairy tales ...
    However, after the defeat of Germany, Anthony was tortured by homesickness and he returned to Holland. This was welcomed by the authorities, planes were still needed. But with a caveat.
    maybe all the same
    In 1919, after the signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty, according to which Germany was prohibited from having an air force and an aircraft industry, Fokker moved from Germany to Amsterdam.
    ... In general, everything is as always ... We take an article from "Corner of the Sky" + a little Wiki, add our imagination and, as always, an article for the little ones on the aviation topic.
    Happy New Year, everyone! Happiness, health and everything that you can think of, but a little more drinks drinks good
    Well, as always, where you can get acquainted with the normal "biography" of this aircraft. Aviation and Cosmonautics 2000 No. 3 monograph Vladimir Kotelnikov. "Light cruiser" Fokker G.1, the same corner of the sky ... hi
  24. DWG1905
    DWG1905 31 December 2020 09: 33
    +1
    "At that time, only the Hurricanes carried that many barrels, but in the wings" Did the Hurricane have a biplane?
    Happy New Year !
  25. abc_alex
    abc_alex 4 January 2021 09: 23
    0
    It is interesting that the idea of ​​creating such a station wagon: a scout, a bamber was also in the USSR. Only an assault was planned instead of a fighter unit. Project "Ivanov" which resulted in the Su-2. It’s just strange that such a structure with two beams and a gondola was not in the competition at all. Although, if in 1936 the Foker was shown at the show, it was time to "copy" the decision. Moreover, the construction was made of wood. And the motors were not of prohibitive power. The USSR had a licensed M-85 with a capacity of more than 700 hp. A pair of such motors could easily pull the Soviet analogue of the Focker. For the attack aircraft, the booking problem would have to be solved. But she dared, because the engine had a margin for modernization.
  26. Glagol1
    Glagol1 6 January 2021 13: 55
    0
    By the way, Fokker was in a difficult situation in the 90s and Russia, itself at that moment not very in shape, offered to participate in its acquisition. But, the EU banned all this, because even then, during the period of friendship type, Brussels boys and aunts could not admit Russians to the property of technology companies. 10 years later, during the 2008 crisis, a similar story was already with Opel. The application was also refused. Such are the things ...