Military Review

Training pistol "Marker"

16
Marker pistol. Photo TSNIITOCHMASH

In Klimovsk, which today is a microdistrict of Podolsk in the Moscow region, the famous enterprise TsNIItochmash is located. The Central Scientific Research Institute of Precision Engineering is part of the Rostec state corporation and specializes in the development and production of small arms weapons and ammunition for it. For example, it was here that the 9-mm silent automatic machine AS Val, the 9-mm pistol "Boa", a special machine gun for underwater shooting APS and other samples of small arms were created.


Currently, the company continues to work on the creation of new types of weapons, including those for training shooting. In 2020, the institute began work on a new marker pistol complex, which, in addition to the pistol itself, will also include a specially created cartridge. It is known that the new development of the Klimovsk gunsmiths is a further development of the existing modular shooting system, which at the enterprise itself is called the "snake" line. The ancestor of this line of short-barreled weapons at one time was the self-loading 9-mm army pistol 6P72, created as part of the development work on the "Boa constrictor" theme.

The appearance of the first marker cartridges


The problem of training personnel in effective shooting from small arms, as well as training tactical shooting skills, began to be addressed in the second half of the XNUMXth century. By that time, hand-held firearms had become a mass weapon of all armies. In addition to the effectiveness of the learning process, the emphasis was immediately placed on saving money. They tried to simplify the process of training and education of shooters by creating a variety of training ammunition. In the XNUMXth century, training in practical shooting skills became even more accessible, including through training civilians.

A new milestone in the field of training shooting was the creation of marker cartridges. Such a practical cartridge was developed in the late 1980s by the joint efforts of the American company General Dynamics Ordnance and the Canadian company Tactical Systems. The fact that the cartridge was developed precisely in the United States, where small arms are widely available, is not surprising. The second amendment to the US Constitution provides citizens of the country with the right to possess and carry weapons. The amendment was adopted on December 15, 1791 and is still in effect.


The new marker cartridge, created by the US and Canadian companies, was primarily intended for more realistic practical training for security forces. But then he found application in the civilian market. Inside the plastic bullets of the new marker ammunition there was a paint composition, which made the weapon akin to a paintball gun. In practical terms, this was a serious step forward. The use of such ammunition allowed the security forces to conduct team training, as close as possible to combat. At the same time, the fighters were not injured, and the results of successful hits were easily read.

An important advantage of the created ammunition was that they were compatible with standard small arms systems, which, with the help of special replaceable elements, were temporarily transformed into training ones. All this together formed a comprehensive training approach suitable for both the military and law enforcement officers. The use of such cartridges with standard weapons increased the realism of the training process compared to the use of paintball markers or airsoft guns. The unified training complex was named Simunition, and it is supplied under this brand today. The complex includes NATO-caliber FX marker cartridges in the version 9 mm (chambered for 9x19 mm) and 5,56 mm FX (for assault rifles), as well as special methods of application and training, replaceable weapon elements and special protective uniforms.

Training pistol "Marker"


The marker pistol complex, developed by TsNIITOCHMASH specialists, is intended for conducting trainings to increase the level of fire and tactical and special training of employees of various Russian law enforcement agencies, as well as for recreational and competitive shooting of civilians and holding competitions,

- reports the official publication of the enterprise "Klimovsky gunsmith". As part of the work on the R&D "Marker", specialists of the Institute in Klimovsk are developing a marker complex from a self-loading marker pistol and marker cartridges for it.

According to the assignment for development, the main units and parts of the pistol should be unified with the pistols already created at TsNIItochmash. In particular, with an army 9-mm pistol 6P72 "Udav" chambered for 9x21 mm, as well as with a compact version of the army pistol "Udav" intended for employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the National Guard - a self-loading pistol "Poloz" chambered for 9x19 mm. Also in this line are sports pistols RG-120 and RG-120-1, created within the framework of the ROC "Aspid". All these weapons have already been demonstrated at the Army International Military Forum, including in 2020.

Sports pistols "Aspid"

The appearance of the Marker pistol is similar to all pistols of the above line. The new model is similar to existing combat models of small arms, but, like its Western counterparts, it stands out for its striking distinctive color on the barrel and bolt. The sample presented at the Army 2020 forum was bright blue. The bright color makes it possible to quickly and unambiguously identify the training weapon in the model. At the same time, all the main ergonomic characteristics of the "Marker", as well as the technical aesthetics of the training pistol, are not worse than the characteristics of the sports pistols "Aspid".

The pistol developed at TsNIITOCHMASH should be simple, reliable and convenient in operation and maintenance. The declared firing range for the "Marker" should be at least 10 meters, the operating temperature - from -5 to +30 degrees Celsius. Different sources provide different information regarding the model resource. The range of values ​​is at least 2-4 thousand shots, and much higher values ​​are also encountered. According to VTS "Bastion", the length of the pistol will be 206 mm, weight without cartridges - 0,78 kg, magazine capacity - 18 cartridges.

The company especially notes that the pistol is being developed taking into account high requirements for operational safety. The design of units and parts of the "Marker" must exclude the possibility of using combat barrels with a pistol, as well as the possibility of firing with the use of civilian and live ammunition of small arms. It is also noted that it will not be possible to fire a pistol with an unlocked bore; shot when a loaded weapon falls to the ground / floor; a shot from the inertial glow of the primer-igniter when manually reloading the weapon; a shot from self-ignition of a cartridge from heating a pistol during firing. Also, the developers took care to eliminate the likelihood of injury to the shooter when firing, including reflected spent cartridges or moving parts of the weapon.

Cartridges for "Marker"


Marker cartridges are created especially for the Marker pistol. According to the press service of the developer company, the length of the cartridge and the diameter of the flange of the sleeve of Russian ammunition should be unified with the 9x19 mm Luger combat pistol cartridge, which is widespread throughout the world, and the Canadian Simunition FX marking cartridge 9x19 mm. It is noted that the new marker cartridge will be used in the training process and will not be able to harm human health if he uses the necessary protective equipment.

Training pistol "Marker"
Training bullet cartridges. Photo TSNIITOCHMASH

It is worth noting that TsNIITOCHMASH already has experience in creating marker ammunition. Earlier, through the efforts of the institute's specialists, training and practical cartridges with a marking component for a standard weapon - the Yarygin pistol (PY) - were created and are being produced. These cartridges leave a clearly visible mark when the bullet meets various obstacles. They are already being used by employees of special forces to conduct practical exercises to improve special tactical and fire training using standard pistols.

The new marker cartridge, which is created within the framework of the ROC "Marker", must provide an effective aiming range with the effect of staining the point of impact - up to 10 meters. At the same time, the minimum permissible firing range is also indicated - 2 meters. It is noted that the specific energy of the bullet of the marking cartridge should not exceed 0,5 J / mm2 over the entire range of use of the training weapon. This value was not chosen by chance.

In forensic science, it is considered the minimum value of the specific kinetic energy, which corresponds to the border of human damage. Bullets "Marker" should not cause a person serious harm to health. Provided that he will wear mandatory protection of the most injured parts of the body, as well as pain points.

It is reported that bullets for the "Marker" will contain a marking compound in three primary colors: blue, red and yellow. Traces of such ammunition can be removed without any problems with ordinary detergents.
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16 comments
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  1. gorenina91
    gorenina91 28 December 2020 18: 37
    +1
    - Interesting ...
    - You can test the effectiveness of this Marker pistol when playing paintball ...
  2. Dkuznecov
    Dkuznecov 28 December 2020 18: 40
    +1
    I do not know.
    There are companies specializing in
    on the issue of full copies (including by weight)
    small arms for airsoft.
    And if I am not mistaken, the so-called
    "siloviki" just with an airsoft
    weapons and practice tactics.
    I emphasize again, I can be wrong.
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 28 December 2020 21: 35
      +3
      hi
      Quote: DKuznecov
      "siloviks" with airsoft weapons are practicing tactics.

      The Israel Defense Forces use the M16 and NK MP5 rifle simulators.
      They are called CAR 68 and MP 68.
      Manufactured by the American company Gun F / X.
      Balls of 17,27 mm (0,68 in) caliber are used as projectiles.
      CAR 68 use the Marine Corps, Navy SEALs, US Secret Service.
      They are developed based on paintball technology.
      The site has an article about Tactical Paintball.

      1. Dkuznecov
        Dkuznecov 28 December 2020 21: 48
        0
        I myself am fond of paintball, but as for me - it's crooked.
        1. Mister X
          Mister X 28 December 2020 21: 59
          +2
          Quote: DKuznecov
          but as for me - it's crooked.

          I agree, a gas cylinder and a container for balloons, no "natural" recoil.

          In 2005 the same manufacturer released a series of markers under the designation MX.
          The manufacturer claims that the MX series markers are the most realistic training weapon ever created. They, they say, create a situation as close as possible to a combat (live fire).
          But they are again based on paintball technology.
          1. Simargl
            Simargl 29 December 2020 06: 22
            0
            Quote: Mister X
            lack of "natural" return
            And what about without "natural" mass? Only the withdrawal of the weapon from the line of sight can be simulated.
          2. Grigory_45
            Grigory_45 29 December 2020 11: 37
            0
            Quote: Mister X
            lack of "natural" return

            do you think a marker weapon that essentially fires balls of paint will have a "natural recoil" ???
            1. Mister X
              Mister X 29 December 2020 13: 18
              +1
              Quote: Gregory_45
              will there be a "natural return" ???

              Of course it won't.
              I stated the fact of his absence.
    2. Narak-zempo
      Narak-zempo 29 December 2020 11: 58
      0
      Quote: DKuznecov
      I do not know.
      There are companies specializing in
      on the issue of full copies (including by weight)
      small arms for airsoft.
      And if I am not mistaken, the so-called
      "siloviki" just with an airsoft
      weapons and practice tactics.
      I emphasize again, I can be wrong.

      The problem with airsoft is mackery.
      And then you can't hide the hit.
  3. Mister X
    Mister X 28 December 2020 21: 37
    +1
    It's hard to come up with something fundamentally new.
    So it was with cartridges 9x18 PM, 7.62 × 25 TT, 5.45 × 39.

    Therefore, the cartridges for the "Marker" are also externally similar to the Simunition FX.
    To spot the difference, you need to look closely at both samples,
    and also compare their characteristics.
    It is not yet clear with them from the Russian model: the author took the figures from Mr. Karpenko.
  4. Intruder
    Intruder 29 December 2020 10: 31
    +2
    and will not be able to harm human health if he uses the necessary protective equipment.
    and why the heck goat button accordion, if you still have to carry PPE, even in training !? They would have taken it then - an airsoft drive in any design: a rifle, a pistol ... (for CO2 or an electric receiver) and stuck it in 9mm. by the caliber of a smooth barrel (range - up to 10 m, quite suitable) a ball with a coloring pegment, savings on sleeves and capsules, with a high propelling explosive ...
    1. Interdum_silentium_volo
      Interdum_silentium_volo 3 January 2021 01: 15
      0
      Probably the skills gained from the drive are not transferred to real weapons, manipulations with real weapons, firearms, are not the same as with markers and drives.
      Reloading, elimination of delays, recoil, sound, flash, grip, and most importantly visual observation of target hitting, the ability to determine "friendly fire".
      The drive is cheaper and simpler, BUT EXACTLY NOT BETTER.
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 3 January 2021 01: 59
        0
        I did not say that this is an ordinary Asian-made airsoft drive, of course with a modified design, but sharpening the Marker for shooting is essentially a polymer projectile with a 9 mm allocated volume of paint in the sleeve., a clear increase in the cost of the design as a whole, it is still will not be able to simulate all the parameters of the firearm, even the recoil impulse when firing will be different and an order of magnitude less, plus all of the above (sound, flash, etc.), then what is the point, "sculpt" this drive, if it does not will give you the benefits you need when training with real firearms ...
        1. Interdum_silentium_volo
          Interdum_silentium_volo 3 January 2021 04: 12
          0
          I will not explain if you do not understand what I mean. I’m afraid there’s nothing to talk about with you, you just don’t need it, and you’re not the one who needs it, you’re not ready to listen.
  5. Interdum_silentium_volo
    Interdum_silentium_volo 3 January 2021 04: 13
    0
    there are private traders in this direction
  6. Gato
    Gato 20 February 2021 11: 29
    0
    All this is a kindergarten. I propose to make a training marker complex for the Strategic Missile Forces as an adult.