Military Review

December 20 - Day of the employee of the security organs of the Russian Federation

52
December 20 - Day of the employee of the security organs of the Russian Federation

Today, December 20, 2020, employees of the Russian security agencies celebrate their professional holiday. The official name of this holiday is "Day of the employee of the security agencies of the Russian Federation", on this day, congratulations are received by employees of the Federal Security Service, Federal Security Service, Foreign Intelligence Service, as well as other special services of our country.


The FSB Day received its official status only in 1995 after the publication of a decree by Russian President Boris Yeltsin. In Soviet times, the Day of the Chekist had an unofficial status. The date of December 20 was chosen due to the fact that on this day in 1917 the Council of People's Commissars (SNK), in order to combat counter-revolution and sabotage, issued a decree on the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (VChK), which became the prototype of modern security agencies.

The first head of the Cheka of the RSFSR was appointed Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, who became a symbol of the Soviet special services for many years. By the way, on December 20, 1958, a monument to the founder and first leader of the Cheka was unveiled in Moscow.


The Cheka, founded in 1917, existed until 2022 and was transformed into the Main Political Directorate (GPU), and after the formation of the USSR - the United Main Political Directorate (OGPU) under the NKVD. It was the 1920s - 1930s that are considered to be the main ones in the formation of the structure of the security organs of the young Soviet state.

In 1934, the OGPU was transformed into the Main Directorate of State Security (GUGB) as part of the NKVD of the USSR. In March 1941, the NKVD was divided into the NKVD itself and the People's Commissariat of State Security, which was to be responsible for the competence of the former GUGB, but already in July of the same year, after the start of the war, they were reunited. In 1943, the division into the NKVD and the NKGB of the USSR took place again. In 1946 the NKGB of the USSR was transformed into the Ministry of State Security (MGB) of the Soviet Union.


In 1954, the State Security Committee (KGB) was created under the Council of Ministers of the USSR, which existed for 36 years. On December 3, 1991, the KGB, which was considered one of the strongest intelligence services in the world, ceased to exist.

In modern Russia, new special services were formed on the basis of the KGB. In January 1992, the Russian Ministry of Security was formed. In December 1993 it was transformed into the Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK). In April 1995, the Federal Security Service was created, which since 2003 includes the Border Service.

From the first main directorate of the KGB of the USSR, the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation (SVR) was formed.

On the basis of the 9th Directorate of the KGB of the USSR, the Security Service of the President of the USSR was created, which until 1993 operated as part of the Main Directorate of Security of the Russian Federation. In the period from 1993 to 1996, it was an independent department - the Presidential Security Service. Since 1996 it has been a member of the Federal Security Service (FSO).

All these years, from the very beginning to the present, despite the change in names, the employees of the Soviet and Russian security agencies have stood and are protecting the interests of the Russian Federation and carry out tasks within their competence.

Honor and praise to those who serve to protect state interests, eternal memory to those who gave their lives for Russia.

Voennoye Obozreniye congratulates all current and former (although there are no "former Chekists") employees of the security agencies of Russia and the Soviet Union on their professional holiday!
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 20 December 2020 10: 04
    +4
    I congratulate all the Chekists on their professional holiday!
    Your service is often not visible. But it is very important for the state and the people.
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 20 December 2020 10: 31
      -1
      Happy Chekist Day!

      For stupid "minus", a poster from the official page of Nikolai Starikov VK - https://vk.com/nstarikov_club

      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent 20 December 2020 10: 49
          +7
          I.V. Stalin on democracy and anti-globalism. October 1952



          And three times Hero of the Soviet Union A.I. Pokryshkin about the figure of Stalin himself:

          1. Vladimir Mashkov
            Vladimir Mashkov 20 December 2020 12: 33
            +4
            Happy holiday, security officers! Strongest health and success in your difficult and noble service!
            I myself have a distant relationship, but the father, the father of the son-in-law and two neighbors - Sasha and Valera - are involved.
      2. Tatyana
        Tatyana 20 December 2020 10: 46
        +17
        Honor and praise to those who serve to protect state interests, eternal memory to those who gave their lives for Russia.

        All those involved with the Day of the worker of the security agencies of the USSR / RF! love

        1. Crowe
          Crowe 20 December 2020 11: 10
          +19
          Congratulations on the holiday of workers of the security agencies and the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service! Work, brothers!
    2. iouris
      iouris 20 December 2020 13: 27
      +2
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      Congratulations to all the security officers

      Day of the EMPLOYEE of the state security bodies of the Russian Federation.
      Where is Felix? In the dustbin of history. So no "chekists".
  2. BIABIA
    BIABIA 20 December 2020 10: 09
    +10
    Drink today! Happy holiday to us!
    1. seregatara1969
      seregatara1969 20 December 2020 14: 20
      +4
      On the 20th, at 20, you need to drink to the KGB and everyone who once served there. And the troops were vast
      1. BIABIA
        BIABIA 20 December 2020 16: 21
        +1
        It was these insignia that I had throughout the entire service, as you did on Ave drinks
        Large troops, yes.
  3. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 20 December 2020 10: 10
    +11
    On December 20, 1958, a monument to the founder and first leader of the Cheka was unveiled in Moscow.
    And it was dismantled in 1991 .....
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 20 December 2020 10: 42
      +8
      Quote: Uncle Lee
      And it was dismantled in 1991 .....

      And still not returned to its historically rightful place ...
      But it's time. To return the monument, and to turn the policy, from head to foot.
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 20 December 2020 10: 47
        +5
        2002 Luzhkov tried to restore the monument ... In 2015, the Communist Party held a referendum on the restoration of the monument, collected 150000 signatures ... But so far - silence.
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent 20 December 2020 10: 52
          0
          Quote: Uncle Lee
          collected 150000 signatures ...

          As for the capital, with its population - a negligible figure.
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 20 December 2020 10: 58
            +4
            Quote: Insurgent
            As for the capital, with its population - a negligible figure

            It's not about numbers. And in the strong-willed qualities of the leadership of the city and the country as a whole ...
            When in Oryol the mayor of the city wanted to erect a monument to the founder of the city, Ivan the Terrible, all the local liberals reared up: "We will not be allowed!"
            As a result, the monument seems to stand in the historical center of the city, but no one sees it.
            The monument to "Iron Felix" will not be restored before they stop draping the Ilyich mausoleum during the parades.
          2. Ross xnumx
            Ross xnumx 20 December 2020 12: 53
            +2
            Quote: Insurgent
            Quote: Uncle Lee
            collected 150000 signatures ...

            As for the capital, with its population - a negligible figure.

            And how many eccentrics have signed up for the monument to Yegorka?
            We decided to build an EBN-center out of budget money ... Can you remind us the number?
            The date of December 20 was chosen due to the fact that on this day in 1917 the Council of People's Commissars (SNK), in order to combat counter-revolution and sabotage, issued a decree on the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (VChK), which became the prototype of modern security agencies.

            Is it not by chance that those who vowed to have a cold head, warm heart and clean hands allowed the dismantling of the monument to F.E. Dzerzhinsky - a symbol of the struggle against the enemies of the state? Sounded So Good - Committee The State Security!
            And you tell us:
            (although there are no "former chekists")

            This is probably the case. Only they performed different tasks. If then everything belonged to the state, then today there are many things that do not belong to it (the state) within the state borders ... Or who doubts?
            It is very good that the country has a service (dangerous and difficult) that protects this without making a distinction ... Or maybe it's time to do: find out what and to whom in the country belongs in fact ...
            And a holiday is always for the soul, and not for a "tick" or for the sake of a calendar day ...
            hi
      2. iouris
        iouris 20 December 2020 13: 51
        +1
        Still, first you need to "turn over", and only then ... he will return himself.
  4. tatra
    tatra 20 December 2020 10: 14
    +4
    Real Chekists - Happy Holidays. It is both funny and disgusting when, when the enemies of the Communists, FSB workers defending the anti-Soviet regime and the System, are called Chekists.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 20 December 2020 10: 52
      0
      Quote: tatra
      when the enemies of the communist FSB workers defending anti-Soviet power and Systems
      All the same, they are called upon to defend Russia, but not the FSB-Schnicks are far from the Chekists, yes.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. dauria
      dauria 20 December 2020 11: 00
      +4
      It is both funny and disgusting when, when the enemies of the Communists, FSB workers defending the anti-Soviet regime and the System, are called Chekists.

      So explain to the stupid people how "real Chekists" defended the USSR in 92. After all, this is their direct and only task. Not the army, which they supervised, but theirs, the KGB. So who should you congratulate? Those or those?
      1. tatra
        tatra 20 December 2020 11: 16
        -1
        Ha, first, explain from WHOM it was necessary to defend the USSR? After all, you, the enemies of the USSR and the Soviet people, have been chanting in chorus for 30 years that you have nothing to do with your anti-Soviet Perestroika, in which you captured the USSR, and dismembered it into your evil anti-Soviet-Russophobic States.
        1. Dart2027
          Dart2027 20 December 2020 11: 43
          +2
          Quote: tatra
          Ha, first, explain from WHOM it was necessary to defend the USSR?

          Probably from those who destroyed it, that is, from the KPSS.
        2. dauria
          dauria 20 December 2020 13: 15
          +2
          After all, you, enemies of the USSR and the Soviet people, have been chanting in chorus for 30 years,

          Yes, calm down, Irina. Your "communists" have not gone anywhere. They sit in the Duma, government, oligarchs. All through one - members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, former Komsomol organizers and party groups, children of regional committee secretaries, many were even associated with the KGB.
          Difficult to accept? But this is reality. Whether you close your eyes or not, it will not disappear.
          1. Nikolay Ivanov_7
            Nikolay Ivanov_7 20 December 2020 17: 26
            0
            You are right, the entire State Duma, the Federation Council, local officials are mostly communists and Komsomol members. Thanks to them for depriving all servicemen of benefits. All counterparts on the holiday!
      2. KreAtiF
        KreAtiF 20 December 2020 12: 51
        +5
        Quote: dauria
        It is both funny and disgusting when, when the enemies of the Communists, FSB workers defending the anti-Soviet regime and the System, are called Chekists.

        So explain to the stupid people how "real Chekists" defended the USSR in 92. After all, this is their direct and only task. Not the army, which they supervised, but theirs, the KGB. So who should you congratulate? Those or those?

        The largest failure of the KGB collapse of the USSR
    4. iouris
      iouris 20 December 2020 15: 41
      -1
      "Chekists" are different: who are proletarian, who are bourgeois ...
    5. svp67
      svp67 21 December 2020 10: 28
      +1
      Quote: tatra
      It is both funny and disgusting when, when the enemies of the Communists, FSB workers defending the anti-Soviet regime and the System, are called Chekists.

      And it never occurred to you that the KGB was directly related to the collapse of the USSR and contributed in every way to this.
  5. Ros 56
    Ros 56 20 December 2020 10: 24
    +4
    Happy holiday chekists.
  6. Mykhalych
    Mykhalych 20 December 2020 10: 58
    -5
    Quote: Mykhalych
    Quote: tatra
    It is both funny and disgusting when, when the enemies of the Communists, FSB workers defending the anti-Soviet regime and the System, are called Chekists.

    Everywhere you will find shit, she-she, you read your comments and be horrified. Drink milk with honey and have a bed - morning to school. It's time to learn the materiel. laughing
    1. tatra
      tatra 20 December 2020 11: 12
      +4
      Despite my crown "enemies of the communists", no matter what site I come to, it is immediately clear from my comments who and what I am for Russia and the Russian people. And the enemies of the communists, both under the USSR and after the capture of Russia by you, for Russia and the Russian people there is only stupid malice AGAINST everything Soviet. You have nothing and nothing good from YOU for Russia and its people.
      1. Mykhalych
        Mykhalych 20 December 2020 11: 26
        -8
        Quote: tatra
        Despite my crown "enemies of the communists", no matter what site I come to, it is immediately clear from my comments who and what I am for Russia and the Russian people. And the enemies of the communists, both under the USSR and after the capture of Russia by you, for Russia and the Russian people there is only stupid malice AGAINST everything Soviet. You have nothing and nothing good from YOU for Russia and its people.

        Grudinin, did you ... I didn't know, but you won't be rich anymore. Read the Federal Law No. 30.06.2003 FZ On the Federal Security Service of June 86, XNUMX. I'll make your task easier:http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_6300/
      2. Obliterator
        Obliterator 20 December 2020 12: 49
        +2
        Quote: tatra
        Despite my crown "enemies of the communists", no matter what site I come to, it is immediately clear from my comments who and what I am for Russia and the Russian people. And the enemies of the communists, both under the USSR and after the capture of Russia by you, for Russia and the Russian people there is only stupid malice AGAINST everything Soviet. You have nothing and nothing good from YOU for Russia and its people.

        Quote: tatra
        stupid malice

        Oh, well, who would be talking about stupid malice, eh? The people here have gathered in the comments, congratulate the people involved in the services, commemorate Stalin with a kind word, but no, you have to get in with your parrot "enemies of the communists". It's just that the pro-Soviet Valeria Ilyinichna Novodvorskaya is of some kind, the same level of rhetoric.
        1. Paranoid50
          Paranoid50 20 December 2020 17: 53
          +2
          Quote: Obliterator
          Valeria Ilyinichna Novodvorskaya some, the same level of rhetoric.

          It is possible that it was on the basis of her rhetoric that this program was created with the name of the Czechoslovak dump truck. request
  7. Mykhalych
    Mykhalych 20 December 2020 11: 01
    +2
    Happy Organ Workers Day security of the Russian Federation, Happy Holidays (yesterday!) of the RF military counterintelligence officers!
  8. taiga2018
    taiga2018 20 December 2020 11: 05
    +6
    Happy holiday! Health to you and all your relatives! Success in your difficult service! And do not pay attention to hysteria of all kinds of bulk and similar ones, if they are hysterical, then you are interfering with them, which means that you are doing everything right.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Fitter65
    Fitter65 20 December 2020 11: 20
    +15
    December 18th Birthday of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin ...
    And of course with the holiday of all who are involved.
  11. BIABIA
    BIABIA 20 December 2020 11: 36
    +9
    Quote: dauria
    So who should you congratulate? Those or those?

    Congratulate those who have served urgently in these bodies. For example, in the mid-90s, he served as a clerk, yeah ... "Merry" time ...
  12. hermit
    hermit 20 December 2020 11: 57
    +3
    And what relation do the security agencies of the Russian Federation have to the Cheka? Their holiday is May 10. On this day in 1827, Nicholas I issued a regulation on the Gendarme Corps.
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 20 December 2020 12: 07
      +3
      Quote: hermit
      And what relation do the security agencies of the Russian Federation have to the Cheka? Their holiday is May 10. On this day in 1827, Nicholas I issued a regulation on the Gendarme Corps.

      Well agree CHEKIST! After all, it sounds proudly, no matter what spiteful critics say, but what kind of association arises with the word gendarme? At best, Louis de Funes, with his films about french gendarmes ...
      1. hermit
        hermit 20 December 2020 15: 01
        +2
        The Cheka is the avenging sword of the revolution, the armed detachment of the party. Where is the revolution, where is the party? And the gendarmes served the throne, defended the king-father. So the comparison of the current security agencies with the Gendarme Corps is much more appropriate.
        1. Fitter65
          Fitter65 20 December 2020 15: 07
          -1
          Quote: hermit
          gendarmes served the throne, defended the king-father.

          Well, how, were they protected? Tsar-priest ... Tsar like priest in difficult times and the country abandoned those who served him and defended ...
        2. Civil
          Civil 20 December 2020 16: 03
          0
          Quote: hermit
          The Cheka is the avenging sword of the revolution, the armed detachment of the party. Where is the revolution, where is the party? And the gendarmes served the throne, defended the king-father. So the comparison of the current security agencies with the Gendarme Corps is much more appropriate.

          And still everyone is silent about what happened to the gendarmes during the revolution. Who was lucky he was able to dump. Most of the gendarmerie were dealt with in the most brutal manner by the army units that had gone over to the side of the people. If the policemen were still alive, then they became disenfranchised. And in the 30s they were finished off by the NKVD. what an irony.
    2. Obliterator
      Obliterator 20 December 2020 14: 13
      +1
      Quote: hermit
      And what relation do the security agencies of the Russian Federation have to the Cheka? Their holiday is May 10. On this day in 1827, Nicholas I issued a regulation on the Gendarme Corps.

      The gendarme corps has little to do with modern Russian special services, since it was completely liquidated from the revolution, many employees were killed. In 1991, this did not happen, and the service was generally preserved, and was not created from scratch by completely different people.
    3. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 20 December 2020 20: 47
      0
      Quote: hermit
      And what relation do the security agencies of the Russian Federation have to the Cheka? Their holiday is May 10. On this day in 1827, Nicholas I issued a regulation on the Gendarme Corps.
      You can recall the Order of Secret Affairs 1654-1676 created under Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov. Secret Chancellery - starting from the Preobrazhensky Order of 1686 to 1726 ("The Sovereign's Word and Deed"). Office of secret and investigative affairs - 1731 - 1762 (forbidden "The word and deed of the sovereign"). Secret expedition - 1762-1801
  13. Arnaut
    Arnaut 20 December 2020 12: 24
    +2
    How Russia now lacks Genrikh Grigorievich and Nikolai Ivanovich. At least five years.
    1. iouris
      iouris 20 December 2020 15: 44
      +1
      We just have these people, but they don't want to work anymore under the leadership of Joseph Vissarionovich: the landmarks have changed, the vector has changed. And we didn't even notice.
      1. Arnaut
        Arnaut 20 December 2020 20: 08
        +1
        I had a chance to read in the archives how the THEN THE SYSTEM worked.
        A signal appeared (even the archives do not contain what kind of signal it was).
        A representative of Stalin comes to the region. For example Mikoyan or Kaganovich. With a small group of bodyguards + several investigators + NKVD personnel officer + party personnel officer.
        The first few days they cleaned the leadership of the regional NKVD administration. Some of them are immediately at the expense, some to Moscow for a detailed analysis, who to leave in place, who to be promoted. Vacancies are instantly occupied by the Moscow personnel reserve (brought by plane).
        And then with the help of the updated apparatus of the NKVD they cleaned the regional committee, district committees and regional administrations.
        Sometimes it took less than an hour from the moment a party official entered the investigator's office until the verdict of Troika. Less than a day before the execution.
        I think that now there were several hundred thousand such sentences would help to solve a lot of problems. From the construction of several aircraft carriers in 10 years to the rise in prices for pasta and butter.
        1. cat Rusich
          cat Rusich 20 December 2020 21: 04
          +1
          Quote: Arnaut
          I had a chance to read in the archives how the THEN THE SYSTEM worked.
          A signal appeared (even the archives do not contain what kind of signal it was).
          A representative of Stalin comes to the region. For example Mikoyan or Kaganovich. With a small group of bodyguards + several investigators + NKVD personnel officer + party personnel officer.

          Sometimes it took less than an hour from the moment a party official entered the investigator's office until the verdict of Troika. Less than a day before the execution.
          .
          And to NS Khrushchev "hands did not reach"?
          Quote: Arnaut

          The first few days they cleaned the leadership of the regional NKVD administration. Some of them are immediately at the expense, some to Moscow for a detailed analysis, who to leave in place, who to be promoted. Vacancies are instantly occupied by the Moscow personnel reserve (brought by plane).
          .
          This is how the "system" survived - new ones simply got up in place of those shot ...
          Yeltsin, Kravchuk, Shushkevich - members of the CPSU, members of the Central Committee - but they turned out enemies of the state - after purges under I. Stalin, they leaked to the "very top".
          1. Arnaut
            Arnaut 21 December 2020 22: 21
            +1
            "It's not possible to drink all the vodka, but you need to strive for it"
            V.V. Putin

            He will not shoot all enemies of the people, but he must strive for this.
  14. tatra
    tatra 20 December 2020 16: 42
    -5
    The enemies of the Bolsheviks-communists, who had captured Russia for the purpose of personal enrichment at the expense of Russia and the Russian people, had no right to join the holiday of the Chekists slandered by them. This is the day the FSB was created, and they would make it a Holiday.
    1. svp67
      svp67 21 December 2020 10: 32
      +1
      Quote: tatra
      The enemies of the Bolshevik communists, who had captured Russia for the purpose of personal enrichment at the expense of Russia and the Russian people, had no right to join the holiday of the Chekists slandered by them.

      And nothing that the KGB of the USSR DID NOT DO ANYTHING to prevent this collapse, although it could well. What prevented the sending of a group from "Alfa" to Belovezhskaya Pushcha, but what is it, just give the command to the guard of that trinity from guards to turn into a convoy ... After all, these were all KGB officers. Yes, and the current President from what circles came out, and then the USSR is "across his throat" ... So that they celebrate what they consider to be theirs.
  15. rus-5819
    rus-5819 20 December 2020 19: 25
    +1
    By the way, on December 20, 1958, a monument to the founder and first leader of the Cheka was unveiled in Moscow.
    Where is he now???

    The Cheka, founded in 1917, existed until 2022 and was reorganized
    the author is in the yard in 2020, are we waiting for another two years?

    In modern Russia, new special services were formed on the basis of the KGB.

    This is called "beating with spread fingers" There are a lot of intelligence officials, but it's no use ...
    Honor and Glory to the Chekists who sincerely defended the interests of the Motherland !!!

    And the article is suitable for preparing for the exam