Military Review

Critical line of "Admiral Kuznetsov". Will the "umbrella" of the anti-missile defense system of our flagship cope with the reflection of the anti-ship missile attack?

53

Source: RF Ministry of Defense


Undoubtedly, the program of re-equipment of the only heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser in the Russian Navy, pr. 2016 Admiral Kuznetsov, with promising shipborne anti-aircraft missile-artillery complexes M / "Club" once again strengthened us in the opinion that the current flagship of the Russian Navy in general and the Northern fleet in particular, the status of one of the most protected aircraft carriers in modern stories the Russian fleet and the naval forces of the member states of the North Atlantic Alliance.

The Pantsir-M shipborne anti-aircraft missile and artillery systems are another step towards the inviolability of the last anti-missile line of the Admiral Kuznetsov TAVKR


Indeed, they have both anti-jamming millimeter-centimeter multifunctional PFAR radars for target tracking and guidance of the 1PC2 / 1PC2-1 "Helmet" missile interceptor (with 2 target channels), and multispectral turret infrared-television optoelectronic complexes 10ES1-E ( also with 2 target channels), six combat modules KZRAK "Pantsir-M" (in conjunction with 4 shipborne SAM "Kinzhal") will provide a network-centric air defense-missile defense system undergoing modernization at the 35th shipyard "Admiral Kuznetsov" a number of unique tactical and technical advantages , previously unattainable when equipping an aircraft-carrying cruiser with shipborne anti-aircraft missile and cannon systems of the previous generation 3M87 "Kortik" / "Kashtan" ...

First of all, this is the ability to simultaneously intercept 40 enemy air attack weapons at a distance of up to 20 km and an operating altitude of about 15 km with a total fire performance of about 100 targets per minute, while 8 combat modules ZRAK / ZRPK 3M87 "Kortik" (in combined with 4 "Daggers") provided a target channel of no more than 24 simultaneously intercepted air objects (one channel for each BM "Kortik") and a firing capacity of no more than 85-90 "processed" targets per minute. The lower target channel and fire performance of "Kortikov" (in comparison with "Pantsiri-M") is due to the presence in the electronic architecture of the first obsolete guidance radars with parabolic antenna arrays (they have only one target channel and less high noise immunity of the receiving path), as well as command modules / combat control modules with less high-performance on-board computers.

Secondly, the minimum effective reflecting surface (EOC) and the maximum speed of targets detected, tracked and captured for "precise auto-tracking" by means of the 1PC2-1 "Helmet" guidance radar are about 0,03 sq. m and 1000 m / s, respectively, which will provide Pantsirim-M with the opportunity to work very effectively on such complex objects as the stealth long-range anti-ship missiles AGM-158C LRASM, as well as long-range 2,3-fly anti-radar missiles of the AGM-88E AARGM type ...

As you know, the maximum speed of targets intercepted by the "Kortik" air defense system did not exceed 500 m / s (1,47M at sea level), which did not provide the "umbrella" of the "Admiral Kuznetsov" air defense missile defense system with the possibility of repelling a massive anti-radar strike using HARMs and their a radically improved modification with the AGM-88E AARGM index. As for the minimum RCS intercepted by means of "Daggers" air attack means of the enemy, it is about 0,05-0,07 square meters. m, which may not be enough to work with such promising stealth anti-ship missiles such as the AGM-158C LRASM, the Norwegian NSM or the Japanese supersonic ASM-3. In the same turn, the television-optical sighting module "Kortika" can partially compensate for the technological shortcomings of the guidance radar only in favorable meteorological conditions, when the coefficient of meteorological range of visibility (MIR) is more than 2-3 km.

Thirdly, the elevation sector of the view of the 1PC2-1 "Helmet" guidance radar of the Pantsir-M complexes ranges from -5 to +82 degrees, which, under normal meteorological conditions, makes it possible to intercept complex supersonic EHV (anti-radar, tactical cruise and aeroballistic missiles) attacking the carrier ship in a vertical dive mode at angles of 75-80 degrees at the terminal segment of the trajectory.

And finally, fourthly, the maximum flight speed of the 57E6E anti-aircraft missiles of 1300 m / s will provide the advanced anti-missile brainchild of the Tula KBP with the ability to intercept the aircraft-carrying cruiser of high-speed elements of high-precision weapons enemy (on countercrossing courses), and those air attack weapons that are launched at other friendly surface ships in the considered AUG order (in this case, a successful interception of a 1,5-2-fly target can be carried out in pursuit / into the rear hemisphere, on that the SAM 3M311 / -1 complexes "Kortik / -M" are not capable).

At the gates of radical modernization. The main disadvantages of "Pantsirey-M"


Meanwhile, the specialists of the Tula KBP (developed by KZRAK "Pantsir-M"), as well as JSC "Corporation" Fazatron-NIIR "and JSC" RATEP "(involved in the development and modernization of the" Helmet "guidance radar and the 10ES1 turret optoelectronic complexes -E, as well as the hardware and software update of the "Pantsire" combat information and control systems in the ship and ground modifications) is still too early.

So, the use of a standard radio command guidance system of the 57E6 missile defense system (requiring continuous line-of-sight between the targeting means of the Pantsirya-M combat module and the target until the initiation of the warhead of the 57E6 missile defense system), as well as maintaining the standard inclined configuration of the placement of transport and launch modules (a- for "Kortik-M") will reduce the total target channeling and fire performance of the "anti-missile umbrella" "Admiral Kuznetsov" by about 2 times in the event that the likely "star raid" of low-altitude anti-ship missiles of the enemy will be carried out only from one of the most missile-dangerous air directions.

Why? The rear sectors of the review of the "Helmet" guidance radars and the 10ES1-E optoelectronic modules, as well as the firing zones of the transport-launch "tubes" of the three Pantsir-M combat modules, located on the side balconies (below the flight deck) of one of the two side projections of the "Admiral Kuznetsov" are still covered by the "screen" of the board and other structural elements of the aircraft-carrying cruiser. Consequently, the interception of targets in the most missile-dangerous direction can be performed only by those three BM "Pantsir-M", the placement side of which is directed in the direction of the expected anti-ship strike.

The following technological solutions would contribute to solving this problem.

Firstly, the re-equipment of the Pantsir-M with promising missiles with active radar seeker, allowing to intercept enemy air attack weapons on target designation from general ship radars and Shlem targeting radars of those Pantsir-M combat modules, the side of which is facing a probable threat ...

Secondly, the implementation of the vertical launch of the new missile defense system according to the principle a la "CAMM-ER" (promising British missile defense system), which will ensure its access to a safe maneuvering height (beyond the level of the superstructure elements and the mast architecture of the aircraft carrier), and then a multiple reduction in time its inclination towards the target by means of the gas-jet thrust vector deviation system.
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  1. Alexey Sommer
    Alexey Sommer 18 December 2020 04: 18
    +20
    Like all Eugene's articles, the article is oversaturated to the point and not (mostly not) in technical terms.
    Because of this, the messy information in the article is perceived as a stream of consciousness, similar to the heavy delirium of a mad journalist.
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 18 December 2020 04: 59
      +1
      Quote: Alexey Sommer
      Like all Eugene's articles, the article is oversaturated to the point and not (mostly not) in technical terms.
      Because of this, the messy information in the article is perceived as a stream of consciousness, similar to the heavy delirium of a mad journalist.

      Good comment, smiled laughing You can, when you want laughing +
      1. Evil Booth
        Evil Booth 18 December 2020 06: 31
        -2
        that I have not met devastating articles about air defense aug. they say a 1,4 km cannon at targets with a speed much lower than the speed of our anti-ship missiles on approach. then there is still some kind of manual guidance, such as now the 60th year did not come, and like WWII in general. well, and then Aegis buyout does not know how in low-flying.
    2. lucul
      lucul 18 December 2020 08: 42
      +3
      Because of this, the messy information in the article is perceived as a stream of consciousness, similar to the heavy delirium of a mad journalist.

      The main thing is that a person sees the picture as a whole, and how to convey to the layman, this can be polished)))
      1. A_Lex
        A_Lex 18 December 2020 15: 22
        +1
        The main thing is that a person sees the whole picture


        He who thinks clearly states clearly.
        1. lucul
          lucul 18 December 2020 17: 06
          +2
          He who thinks clearly states clearly.

          Not always. Billions of people can clearly state, but think clearly much, much less)))
      2. Grits
        Grits 22 December 2020 14: 09
        0
        Quote: lucul
        The main thing is that a person sees the picture as a whole, and how to convey to the layman, this can be polished

        And so it turns out - to see what he sees, and wants to tell us. But it cannot. His vocal apparatus does not fit well with our hearing aids.
  2. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 18 December 2020 04: 52
    +10
    Actually, it's time for someone to write an article specifically about the zur developed for the Pantsir-S1 / S2 / S1M / SM air defense system! Damantsev now and then mentions zurs 57E6, which have an initial speed of 1300 m / s, but other zurs with a speed of 1700 m / s ... 2000 m / s are approaching with a range of up to 30 ... 40 km and an altitude reach of up to 18 km (hypersonic) ... There are names for these new missiles on the Internet. As for the zur with homing and vertical launch for the "Armor" ... Duc, we have been waiting for a long time, sss! But, as they say, "someone loves Krakow sausage, and someone loves pork cartilage!" ("Will he drink a liter of vodka? He will drink something ... but who will give him ?!") negative By the way, with the GOS and VS it will no longer be "Pantsir", but some .... "Bekhterets"!
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 18 December 2020 06: 13
      +8
      As always with Damantsev ... The manner of examining individual samples of weapons, so to speak, a bash for a bash cannot be objective in principle. Such ships do not go into battle alone.
      1. YOUR
        YOUR 18 December 2020 06: 34
        +8
        As well as there is no answer whether it will cope with a stellar raid, how many and what goals it can reflect.
        Vertical launch rockets have the advantage of not requiring bulky launch equipment. Basically everything.
    2. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 18 December 2020 06: 41
      +3
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      As for the zur with homing and vertical launch for the "Armor" ... Duc, we have been waiting for a long time, sss!

      Duc has long been.
      Only the dimensions are not armor at all, and the price was not at all close.
      The carapace was good for simplicity, portability, and price.
    3. pin_code
      pin_code 18 December 2020 09: 53
      0
      so the article says-Mace ...
  3. Runway
    Runway 18 December 2020 05: 11
    +3
    The author of the multi-letter is engaged in the spheroconine, because:
    1. Our air steamer with dowries (steamers / aerial vehicles and aviation of the fleet / VKS) is not one armed target for the AUS (where, alas, there is more than one air steamer).
    2. Demand to examine the complex use by the enemy of the AUS air group and means of destruction of escort steamers from the line of detection by them (on a TAVKR with a drone, as it is not very good yet).
    1. lucul
      lucul 18 December 2020 08: 45
      -7
      It is necessary to look at the complex use by the enemy of the AUS air group and means of destruction of escort steamers from the line of detection by them (on a TAVKR with a drone, it’s not very good yet).

      If they put Zircon (range 1 km), then it has at least parity with the aircraft carrier, and as a maximum it will destroy the avik even before it launches an attack))))
  4. Revolver
    Revolver 18 December 2020 05: 58
    +10
    Anti-aircraft systems are certainly good, but of little relevance for an aircraft carrier. First of all, it is necessary that the running machines and aircraft elevators work, and that the brake cables do not break. And air defense and missile defense must first of all provide escort ships, and for this they must be. Well, let not EMs, comparable to Arleigh Burke, let at least frigates. Let not 8, as in the Nimitz escort, well, at least heels, but they should be. The fact that a pair of EMs is not enough was also shown by the Germans, who with their two nedolinkers Gneisenau and Scharnhorst sank HMS Glorious and both EM escorts before the British raised at least one plane (well, the truth is that the English captain is to blame that the Germans found them, as they say, with his pants down) ... And the aircraft carrier must do its own thing - launch and receive aircraft.
    1. kit88
      kit88 18 December 2020 09: 41
      +3
      Anti-aircraft systems are of course good, but of little relevance for an aircraft carrier.

      And who said that Kuznetsov is an aircraft carrier?
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 18 December 2020 20: 19
        +1
        Quote: kit88
        And who said that Kuznetsov is an aircraft carrier?
        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_aircraft_carrier_Admiral_Kuznetsov
    2. Vladimir1155
      Vladimir1155 22 December 2020 17: 36
      +1
      Quote: Nagan
      provide escort ships, and for this they must be.

      so far, no more than one nuclear cruiser is being recruited for him as an escort and one old EM Ushakov passage is literally, if it is repaired, the fleet will no longer be able to tear off from the coast, it will be necessary to defend its ports and cities ... will not sink they will drown by planes and missiles
  5. Evil Booth
    Evil Booth 18 December 2020 06: 28
    -2
    If briefly blah kr pkr us air force are ideal and the rf are terrible. These are Damants! The fact that any of our air defense systems of a ship is better than any western one does not matter at all. The fact that any of our pkr is better than any western one is again not important. On to taken and applied on the ship all sorts of PRR new ... but in this sense we have a dagger and zircon and not only .. oh yes, not about that article ... but about that terrible!
    Well, I, too, owls half a penny. on the ground in NATO air defense never was and never will be. patriot won no CD in any way and then only manpower.
  6. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 18 December 2020 06: 29
    +7
    Well, today the "delirium-like stream of consciousness" was quite moderate.
    And so, if on the subject, the author proposes to remake "Armor" either into "Torah", or even into S-300V4.
  7. Bez 310
    Bez 310 18 December 2020 07: 24
    +2
    Tell the author there not to worry about the Kuzi air defense missile defense system.
    If this ship ever comes out of repair, it will
    used only for training ship pilots, and
    all this will take place under the cover of coastal air defense missile defense.
    Although I strongly doubt that the renovation will ever end ...
    1. kit88
      kit88 18 December 2020 09: 44
      +10
      If this ship ever comes out of repair, it will
      used only for training ship pilots

      I wonder why then to teach?
      Trained. What's next?
      1. Bez 310
        Bez 310 18 December 2020 09: 49
        +2
        Quote: kit88
        Trained. What's next?

        Then the ship will be scrapped.
        Some bosses in MO have this mantra -
        we must not lose the school of deck pilots.
        Although this school is already lost, the bosses think
        that they can revive it, then lose it again ...
        In general, money will be allocated, spent, pilots
        will learn, grow old, go to DMB, but new AVM
        we won't have it, and no one knows why we need this "school".
        Let it be like "real boys" ...
        1. Machito
          Machito 18 December 2020 23: 26
          +4
          Repair can never be finished, it can only be stopped hi
        2. Yuri V.A
          Yuri V.A 19 December 2020 03: 26
          0
          It is strange to hear this from a combat pilot, it turns out that it is not worth doing this, because we still will not succeed.
          1. Sanichsan
            Sanichsan 9 January 2021 22: 33
            -2
            Quote: Yuri V.A
            It's strange to hear this from a combat pilot

            and this is a forum "combat pilot"! wink his business is to puff out and carry nonsense laughing
            1. Yuri V.A
              Yuri V.A 10 January 2021 04: 34
              0
              Wow ! So what he means ... And there are examples of inflating nonsense or is it so, personal hostility?
              1. Sanichsan
                Sanichsan 10 January 2021 15: 55
                -2
                Quote: Yuri V.A
                And there are examples of inflating nonsense or is it so, personal hostility?

                of course have! right there the forum and the attitude is formed on the basis of communication. I personally have such an attitude towards everyone who called Timokhinsky caricature about the AUG-ninja a "sensible article" yes trust some nickname at his word, what a dashing military man he is? you need to be at an age when you still believe in fairy tales wink but in fact, for him, AUG bypassing satellites is normal request level of expertise "Ukrainian patriot" wassat
                1. Yuri V.A
                  Yuri V.A 11 January 2021 01: 45
                  0
                  Since this is a forum, then, as a rule, the attitude towards the participant is based only on his words. If, in your opinion, A. Timokhin is wrong, then who sets the level to which a real Russian patriot should be equal?
                  1. Sanichsan
                    Sanichsan 11 January 2021 02: 30
                    -2
                    Quote: Yuri V.A
                    If, in your opinion, A. Timokhin is wrong, then who sets the level to which a real Russian patriot should be equal?

                    he is wrong not because he is not patriotic, he is wrong because he is nonsense. and he continues to do this despite the fact that he was pointed out that he deliberately distorted the data of the original source and wrote nonsense based on the distorted data. where does patriotism have to do with it? this is elementary logic and common sense. request the mentioned "Ukrainian patriots" are a characteristic of the degree of isolation from reality.
                    to those who can call this a "sensible article" the attitude is appropriate request
                    1. Yuri V.A
                      Yuri V.A 11 January 2021 03: 16
                      0
                      So far it looks like "this is nonsense because I think so" and unfounded labeling. I may have missed something important, but what is your position on this issue, your credo? In which regiment did you serve?
                      1. Sanichsan
                        Sanichsan 13 January 2021 00: 02
                        -2
                        Quote: Yuri V.A
                        So far it looks like "this is nonsense because I think so" and unfounded labeling.

                        I think it will not be difficult for you to find the original article from where Timokhin took the data and make sure that the article, based on a serious analysis, made completely opposite conclusions. Timokhin tore one diagram out of context, did not understand what was shown in the diagram and composed nonsense request this is nonsense not because "I think so", but because when an incompetent person undertakes to compose ignoring the facts, it turns out nonsense bully and no "assumptions" can compensate for this No.
        3. Vladimir1155
          Vladimir1155 22 December 2020 17: 38
          +1
          Quote: Bez 310
          Then the ship will be scrapped.
          Some bosses in MO have this mantra -
          we must not lose the school of deck pilots.
          Although this school is already lost, the bosses think
          that they can revive it, then lose it again ...
          In general, money will be allocated, spent, pilots
          will learn, grow old, go to DMB, but new AVM
          we won't have it, and no one knows why we need this "school".
          Let it be like "real boys" ...

          everything is just like that
  8. huntsman650
    huntsman650 18 December 2020 11: 06
    +3
    The daggers there are ancient, two in 92 and two in the 80s. As I understand it, they will not be changed. Operational reliability is low, in fact, they have served their purpose. But Dirks are changed to Armor.
    1. barin
      barin 23 December 2020 12: 08
      +7
      Quote: huntsman650
      The daggers there are ancient, two in 92 and two in 80. I understand they will not be changed. But Dirks are changed to Armor

      The dagger is easier to replace - the cellar is the same. There is nothing to replace the dagger with - they do not release new ones, and they have not come up with an analogue.
      1. huntsman650
        huntsman650 23 December 2020 13: 18
        0
        Kalchan, is already, at 1155 on the Northern Fleet, he is Kizhal - m. Truth is forgotten and abandoned (((!!!
  9. iouris
    iouris 18 December 2020 13: 50
    -1
    When is the war?
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 18 December 2020 22: 21
      0
      Quote: iouris
      When is the war?

      As soon as possible. wassat
      1. Machito
        Machito 18 December 2020 23: 27
        +2
        As always, May 32.
  10. Petrik66
    Petrik66 18 December 2020 14: 17
    +5
    Wouldn't he be guarded? Or do amers have their aircraft carriers themselves? For an aircraft carrier, its air defense armament is like a pistol for an officer, if it comes to him, then it’s bad, or you have lagged behind, or you have lost all the people and it’s time for you to shoot yourself. And to tell, with what speed your brains will fly out, is not smart.
    1. Vladimir1155
      Vladimir1155 22 December 2020 17: 40
      0
      Quote: Petrik66
      Wouldn't he be guarded?

      he will just be guarded ... in the port, .... it’s risky for him to get out too big and he can find no more than one cruiser for an escort, so they will be guarded in the port as all battleships in the domestic one stood at the pier
  11. TatarinSSSR
    TatarinSSSR 19 December 2020 12: 23
    +4
    In short, I understood Damantsev's tactics - to take any object, area, etc. and start fantasizing - if only if only, and if he could, if not, and so on. Here a man lives a useless life, scribbles nonsense, and probably even money is paid for this. This is an indicator of the level of degradation of our economy and the country as a whole. Even a person carrying nonsense is still paid and printed. And we were surprised that some Western wheezing orons in masks won the Eurovision song contest ... But yourself?
  12. K298rtm
    K298rtm 20 December 2020 21: 06
    0
    1. We have decided on the “anti-missile umbrella”. It is wonderful.
    2. Question to the respected author - How are things with the "anti-torpedo net"?
  13. Grits
    Grits 22 December 2020 14: 07
    +1
    Well done Damantsev. Smart. It only remains to change the style a little, to bring the level of narration a little closer to a normal person and the masses will immediately reach for him.
    1. Thrombus
      Thrombus 23 December 2020 16: 08
      0
      I agree! He wrote everything correctly for Kuzi's self-defense, the stump is clear that the cover will be so, and you yourself will not fall.
  14. rica1952
    rica1952 22 December 2020 15: 07
    0
    There is a big doubt that the radar of Pantsir M will see the Bayraktar UAV.
    1. Sanichsan
      Sanichsan 9 January 2021 22: 37
      -2
      Quote: rica1952
      There is a big doubt that the radar of Pantsir M will see the Bayraktar UAV.

      in Syria, even the radar of the export carapace, with the worst characteristics, saw and 14 bayraktars no longer fly request
  15. Sckepsis
    Sckepsis 22 December 2020 18: 04
    +1
    Welcome back, Mr. Damantsev.
  16. ZEMCH
    ZEMCH 22 December 2020 19: 14
    0
    Do not shoot the pianist, he plays as best he can, I'm talking about the author)))
    We must first decide on the repair in general, there are hundreds of tons of trash hanging on Kuzi, so change it and you can think about air defense and missile defense)))
  17. huntsman650
    huntsman650 23 December 2020 13: 22
    0
    For all the clever "books" he must go to the AUG. And this is but a tanker)))
  18. VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
    VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK 3 January 2021 07: 22
    0
    Anya's kindergarten article! Watching a historical film by a child! And fantasies, and if only give him a machine gun, not a crossbow! It's like an American movie where their nuclear aircraft carrier was hit during the war with Imperial Japan! Will our aircraft carrier send leather without a warrant? In the event of a war, it will not even pass the Channel!
    1. Sanichsan
      Sanichsan 9 January 2021 22: 42
      -2
      Quote: VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
      Anya's kindergarten article!

      yes, it’s better than a fantasy about AUG ninja cleverly circling satellites ... but yes. also NI level.
      Quote: VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
      In the event of a war, he will not pass the Channel!

      in case of war, the Channel will be much wider. wink
  19. FIN
    FIN 11 January 2021 22: 45
    +1
    The picture in the article is beautiful.
    Reality.
    Did they make a dock for him?