Every year on December 17, Russia celebrates the Day of the Strategic Missile Forces (Strategic Missile Forces). Until 1995, the Day of the Strategic Missile Forces was celebrated on November 19 as part of the "Day of Missile Forces and Artillery", although the decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, in accordance with which the post of commander-in-chief of the missile forces was established in the structure of the USSR Armed Forces, the General Staff of the Strategic Missile Forces, as well as other military management, came out on December 17, 1959.
It was established as a professional holiday in 1995 by decree of the President of Russia No. 1239 of December 10, 1995. In 1997, the Strategic Rocket Forces, the Military Space Forces, the Rocket and Space Defense Troops of the Air Defense Forces of the RF Armed Forces were merged into a single service of the RF Armed Forces - the Strategic Rocket Forces. Since June 2001, the Strategic Missile Forces have been transformed into two branches of the Forces - the Strategic Missile Forces and the Space Forces.
Today, the Strategic Rocket Forces are a separate branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the main component of our strategic nuclear forces (SNF). The Strategic Missile Forces are troops of constant combat readiness, carrying continuous duty and ready to carry out assigned combat missions at any time by order of the President of the Russian Federation - the Supreme Commander of the Russian Armed Forces.
History this type of troops originates after the end of World War II and is inextricably linked with the creation of rocket technology. The first missile unit in the Soviet Army - the special purpose brigade of the reserve of the Supreme High Command (RVGK) - was formed in July 1946 on the basis of the 92nd Guards Gomel mortar regiment.
In 1946-1959, in our country, a new nuclear missile was actively created and designed. weapon, as well as the first samples of ICBMs. In December 1959, the USSR Armed Forces included one formation armed with ICBMs (R-7 and R-7A missiles), as well as 7 engineering brigades and more than 40 engineering regiments of medium-range missiles (RSD) armed with R-5 and R-missiles. 12 with a range of 1200 and 2000 km, respectively. About half of these regiments were part of the distant aviation Air Force
In 1959-1965, missile units and formations equipped with ICBMs and IRBMs were actively deployed and put on combat duty. By the early 1970s, more and more powerful and sophisticated ballistic missiles were being adopted, monoblock warheads were replaced by multiple warheads, ICBMs received individual targeting systems.
By the mid-1980s, the serial production of Topol mobile ICBMs began. The massive deployment of the Topol mobile ground missile system (PGRK) as part of the Strategic Missile Forces grouping of the Republic of Kazakhstan made it possible to solve the problem of its survivability in the face of a possible enemy nuclear strike.
Currently, the Strategic Missile Forces have three missile armies, 12 missile divisions, of which four - with silo launchers and eight - with mobile missile systems. In total, they are armed with more than 400 launchers with mobile and stationary missiles.
Along with the Yars complexes, the Strategic Missile Forces puts on alert the newest Avangard complexes with a hypersonic unit, and is also preparing to put the Sarmat complex into service. In addition, the Strategic Missile Forces are still armed with the "Voevoda", "Stilet", "Topol-M" and mobile systems "Topol" and "Topol-M". The re-equipment to new complexes is proceeding in stages.
PC-24 "Yars" is a Russian strategic missile system with a solid-fuel intercontinental ballistic missile mobile and mine based with a multiple warhead. The defeat range is declared at 11 thousand kilometers.
According to the commander of the troops Sergei Karakaev, the share of modern weapons in the Strategic Missile Forces this year has reached 81%.
Since its inception, the Strategic Missile Forces have never been used as a military force, however, along with other components of the domestic strategic nuclear forces (SNF), the Strategic Missile Forces are a significant argument in solving a large number of problematic issues of a military-political nature.
Voennoye Obozreniye congratulates current and former servicemen of the Strategic Missile Forces on their professional holiday!