Military Review

Advanced floating bases for the IRGC Navy

22

Satellite image of the "Saviz" vessel. Photo Hisutton.com


The naval forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps are receiving ships of a new class for Iran. Advanced floating bases based on merchant ships are being built and put into operation. The IRGC Navy already has two such units (officially - only one), and one more will begin service in the near future.

Work in progress


The first floating base of the IRGC began service in 2017. The vessel "Saviz" was originally built as a dry cargo ship of large displacement, but a few years ago it was re-equipped according to a new military project. It received new electronic weapons for observation and command and control. The vessel is also capable of carrying watercraft of different classes, including, reportedly, remotely controlled fireboats. According to unconfirmed reports, "Saviz" has other possibilities.

Since 2017, Saviz has been regularly spotted off the coast of Yemen. It is believed that its crew helps the Houthis by various means and methods. There are various versions and assessments of the activities of such a floating base, but full information has not been officially disclosed.

Moreover, official Iran does not recognize "Saviz" as a warship supporting the activities of its own and friendly formations. Officially, the first "multipurpose vessel" or floating base of the IRGC Navy is considered to be "Shahid Rudaki", which became part of fleet 20 November. On board this vessel can be placed not only boats, but also helicopters or short-range anti-aircraft systems.


New floating base "Shahid Rudaki". Photo Sepahnews.com

As far as we know, "Shahid Rudaki" has just passed the necessary tests and has not yet started service. It can be assumed that in the near future this ship will be sent on the first voyage. The situation in the region remains tense, and the new floating base cannot count on quiet service at the quay wall.

Waiting for new items


According to official Iranian reports, the new floating base, called Makran, was built independently. The main part of the construction work was completed about a year ago, and after that we were engaged in the installation of equipment. However, foreign sources reveal a real detective history with seizures and abductions.

Recently, Iran has repeatedly arrested foreign oil tankers on charges of smuggling. One of these ships stood at the roadstead of the port of Bandar Abbas until mid-2020, and later it was confiscated and transferred to a dry dock for rebuilding. In recent months, foreign sources have published photographs of the tanker being rebuilt with various changes. Until a certain time, the IRGC did not disclose any details.

Advanced floating bases for the IRGC Navy

The future floating base "Makran" during perestroika. Photo Twitter.com/heartless_8080

On November 29, a foreign satellite took new images of a shipyard where a promising floating base is being prepared. The dry dock, where the tanker was stationed, was filled with water - this indicated the imminent withdrawal of the vessel to sea. According to foreign estimates, the floating base, named "Makran", may become part of the IRGC Navy by the end of the year.

Technical details


According to Iranian and foreign sources, the basis for the advanced floating base "Makran" was an oil tanker of one of the foreign serial projects - the exact type of this vessel is still unknown. The length of the vessel reaches 230 m, the displacement is unknown.

In the course of recent work on the deck of the tanker new light hangars were installed, probably to accommodate aviation equipment or some weapons. The internal compartments were to undergo significant alteration. Some of the containers for transporting liquids could have been retained, but other volumes had to be converted to transport other goods.

The size and design of the Makran indicate that multipurpose helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles for various purposes will be able to operate from the deck. It is also possible to place on the ship the SAM of the "3 Khordad" type or other systems with similar dimensions. The basing of boats and special forces was mentioned. In general, due to its size, the Makran is capable of carrying various equipment, weapons and equipment. The exact composition of such a load can be changed and adapted to the tasks of a particular operation.


The bow of the former tanker. Photo Globalsecurity.org

Recently, the command of the Navy revealed possible areas of application for the new vessel. First of all, it will have to ensure the activities of the fleet at a distance from the bases. Refueling, supply with the necessary resources and even minor repairs can be carried out using the floating base. At the same time, helicopters, boats, UAVs and special forces on board the latter will significantly expand the combat capabilities of the ship's connection.

Fast and efficient


Thus, in just a few years, several multipurpose vessels with broad capabilities appeared in the IRGC Navy, capable of supporting the operation of warships or independently performing combat missions. The emergence of such vessels is associated with several main factors and has a number of positive consequences.

A common feature of the new floating bases is the use of ready-made non-military platforms. The use of an existing tanker or dry-cargo ship allowed significant savings on the construction of new pennants for the fleet - especially in the case of the Makran, whose base was confiscated from a foreign ship owner.


Fragment of the ship's superstructure. Photo Globalsecurity.org

In light of Iran's limited economic and production capabilities, this approach to construction looks justified. However, it also has noticeable disadvantages. So, in terms of equipment, weapons, design, etc. the multipurpose vessel does not meet military standards.

Advanced floating bases of new types are capable of carrying a large number of helicopters and boats. In addition, they are more flexible in the choice of such a payload. In some situations, such a unit of the fleet can be just as useful as the warships of the traditional look. This is already confirmed by the experience of operating the vessel "Saviz". Despite noticeable differences from subsequent floating bases, it effectively helps the Yemeni Houthis.

New floating bases are capable of being part of ship orders and ensuring their activity at a great distance from ports. Due to this, it is planned to expand the areas of responsibility of the IRGC Navy and the armed forces. At the same time, the rebuilt ships will not only supply the ships with the necessary resources, but also help them in reconnaissance, air defense, etc.


Satellite image of a shipyard; dock with "Makran" flooded. Photo Hisutton.com

As the experience of "Saviz" shows, such a multipurpose vessel is capable of operating independently. Its standard and replaceable equipment allows for reconnaissance, supplying troops and solving other tasks, as well as providing self-defense. However, like any other single ship or vessel, an unaccompanied forward floating base is extremely vulnerable to well-organized attacks.

New approach


The IRGC navy is inferior in size and equipment to the fleet of the armed forces, but all measures are being taken to reduce the backlog and obtain the maximum possible potential. One of the latest steps in this direction is the construction of multipurpose vessels, advanced floating bases on the basis of existing platforms. Two of these vessels have already entered service, and the third is expected to be commissioned in the near future.

It should be noted that in any fleet there are various support vessels designed to help the main combat units. However, the Iranian decision to combine transport, support and combat functions in one ship is unique in its kind. The ships built according to such an original concept have yet to prove their usefulness. However, some of the desired results have already been obtained, while other expectations are confirmed by practice.
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  1. Proton
    Proton 16 December 2020 06: 08
    +7
    So what? Not a bad option for a tight budget. The issues of supply, the transfer of weapons and small groups of military personnel, these ships can decide.
    Put Polyment-Redoubt on them and in general there will be beauty. wink
    The Iranians are somewhat reminiscent of the Vietnamese in this case. They are also very zealous about military equipment.
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 16 December 2020 06: 35
      +5
      Solution "within means". And they have no problem to take Hawaii.
    2. Civil
      Civil 16 December 2020 08: 01
      -3
      1. It is quite a working economy option, the question is only in the tasks.
      2. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps ... a more suspicious name is hard to come up with. Only "Islamic jihad" is probably worse, I hope it is prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation.
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 16 December 2020 12: 19
        +1
        Quote: Civil
        2. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps ... a more suspicious name is hard to come up with. Only "Islamic jihad" is probably worse, I hope it is prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation.

        How can they be recognized or not recognized, prohibited or not, after all, it is an integral part of the state? Can you recognize Iran in parts?
        1. Civil
          Civil 16 December 2020 12: 26
          +3
          Quote: APASUS
          Quote: Civil
          2. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps ... a more suspicious name is hard to come up with. Only "Islamic jihad" is probably worse, I hope it is prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation.

          How can they be recognized or not recognized, prohibited or not, after all, it is an integral part of the state? Can you recognize Iran in parts?

          The IRGC is an organization in Iran, not a part of it, and it is possible to completely ban its activities (contacts) in Russia. Islamic Jihad is a terrorist organization allied with Hamas and not part of Iran. ID is prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation by a court decision.
          1. APASUS
            APASUS 16 December 2020 12: 50
            -1
            Quote: Civil
            The IRGC is an organization in Iran, not a part of it, and it is possible to completely ban its activities (contacts) in Russia.

            The IRGC is something like internal troops, in the structure of the state, with elements of religious control. How did you divide the state like that? This is not a volunteer corps or a political movement.
            1. Civil
              Civil 16 December 2020 13: 58
              0
              The IRGC is not an internal military unit, it is a military-political structure that combines the functions of the Gestapo and the SS. Created primarily to combat dissent and against heretics (Sunnis).
              1. APASUS
                APASUS 16 December 2020 14: 09
                +1
                Quote: Civil
                The IRGC is not an internal military unit, it is a military-political structure that combines the functions of the Gestapo and the SS. Created primarily to combat dissent and against heretics (Sunnis).

                What are you writing nonsense!
                The Corps of Guardians of the Islamic Revolution is a guards military formation directly subordinate to the Supreme Leader of Iran. The number of IRGC is about 125 thousand people. The IRGC has its own ground forces, air forces and the navy. The IRGC Air Force is responsible for the operation of Iran’s missile forces. There is also a special “Cods” division (“Jerusalem”), designed for military intelligence and special operations abroad.

                The eritics are drowned from the IRGC Navy, and the IRGC Air Force is shooting them with bombs, the IRGC tanks are crushing, the IRGC intelligence fits into the ranks of the dissent
                1. Civil
                  Civil 17 December 2020 06: 54
                  0
                  Quote: APASUS
                  The eritics are drowned from the IRGC Navy, and the IRGC Air Force is shooting them with bombs, the IRGC tanks are crushing, the IRGC intelligence fits into the ranks of the dissent

                  That's right, read about the war between Shiites and Sunnis.
                  1. The comment was deleted.
                    1. Civil
                      Civil 17 December 2020 10: 37
                      0
                      Nuclear scientist who died Fkhrizadeh, was an officer of the IRGC

                      von Braun joined the National Socialist Party on May 1, 1937, and from May 1940 until the very end of the war he was an SS officer. I see no contradictions.
                      You agree that the IRGC is a world evil, although I already know where the wind blows from

                      The question is not in the political police / military, but in the stage of development of society, if it is a medieval theological state like Spain, the presence of the Inquisition in it is not a sign of good / evil. This is an indicator of the development of social relations. For example, stoning an unfaithful wife in more developed societies is not considered the norm, for example, in the Russian Federation, but for the modern Islamic Republic of Iran it is quite appropriate. There is slavery in modern Mauritania.
                      1. APASUS
                        APASUS 17 December 2020 12: 50
                        -1
                        Quote: Civil
                        von Braun joined the National Socialist Party on May 1, 1937, and from May 1940 until the very end of the war he was an SS officer. I see no contradictions.

                        The only contradiction is that the IRGC is a more voluminous structure than the religious police. How do you try to present it.

                        Quote: Civil
                        The question is not in the political police / military, but in the stage of development of society, if it is a medieval theological state like Spain, the presence of the Inquisition in it is not a sign of good / evil. This is an indicator of the development of social relations. For example, stoning an unfaithful wife in more developed societies is not considered the norm, for example, in the Russian Federation, but for the modern Islamic Republic of Iran it is quite appropriate. There is slavery in modern Mauritania.

                        If this level of development of society was characteristic only for Iran, I would agree. This is a characteristic difference between all the oil-producing monarchies of the region and not even those that do not, the IRGC is not alone here, and this is not an Iranian invention. Religious fanaticism, supported by state structures, is quite common.
    3. Doccor18
      Doccor18 16 December 2020 08: 44
      +3
      Quote: Proton

      Put Polyment-Redoubt on them and in general there will be beauty. wink

      Then the main trump card will disappear - the price.
      And the rest I agree with you.
  2. alma
    alma 16 December 2020 07: 04
    +16
    Since Iran is still under sanctions, it can afford to take the confiscated goods as compensation.
  3. 7,62h54
    7,62h54 16 December 2020 09: 34
    +3
    We should also attach a ram, like the ancient galleys.
    1. Sagaidark
      Sagaidark 16 December 2020 11: 15
      +2
      So he has a ram. This is a bulb in the nose.
  4. I'm walking by
    I'm walking by 16 December 2020 10: 48
    +3
    And in what and in comparison with what are they advanced then?)
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 16 December 2020 11: 38
      +2
      Quote: I'm going by
      And in what and in comparison with what are they advanced then?)

      In comparison with conventional floating bases, which are part of the floating rear and in the rear, they are located.
      1. I'm walking by
        I'm walking by 16 December 2020 16: 28
        0
        And why? Because you crossed her with long-standing helicopter pilots? Just according to the description, the only difference, according to this logic, if you put a grenade launcher on the roof of the truck, it will also become "advanced" sharply.
  5. vladcub
    vladcub 16 December 2020 16: 43
    +1
    "Shahid Rudaki", "Saviz" - a kind of "Mistral" for the poor. Naturally, they will not be able to compete with a full-fledged fleet, but to support (fight) partisan formations, such as the Houthis, they are quite suitable
    Iran has long sought to become a "superpower" on a local scale, so they are building such ships
    1. Ovsigovets
      Ovsigovets 18 December 2020 22: 32
      0
      regional leader
  6. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 16 December 2020 19: 17
    +1
    How strange it is, but who is covering it? I remember a transport for Syria with helicopters we deployed in front of the Channel. So the United States needs it for something; it would have been drowned long ago!
  7. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 17 January 2021 19: 15
    0
    Clever. Sensibly. Original.