Military Review

Northern Sea Route: ice melting - tensions rise

67

Source: wikipedia.org


No alternative way


Global warming has allowed humanity to open up new shipping routes. And the Northern Sea Route is not the only one among them.

In Canada, they believe in the competitiveness of the Northwest Passage, which has not yet been completely opened from the ice in the summer. Among Canadians, the coast near the pass is much less developed and almost uninhabited. No major ports or icebreaker fleet... In general, for the full development of this alternative option, Canadians will have to wait for even greater warming and several hundred billion dollars in investments.

There is information about the existence of the Cross-Polar Sea Route, but everything here is so foggy that there is not even a clearly defined route.

Northern Sea Route: ice melting - tensions rise
Source: wikipedia.org

In the case of the Northern Sea Route, Russia sees the situation as much more optimistic. The territory is relatively inhabited, and there are large ports, and the icebreaker fleet is being intensively put into operation. Some of the ports of the Northern Sea Route have railway lines, which greatly simplifies logistics. If you compare this route with the sea route through the Suez Canal, the sailing time is reduced by about 40%.

There is a separate definition for the Northern Sea Route in the Russian Merchant Shipping Code:

“The water area adjacent to the northern coast of the Russian Federation, encompassing inland sea waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and bounded from the east by the demarcation line of sea spaces with the United States of America and the parallel of Cape Dezhnev in the Bering Strait, from the west by the meridian Cape Zhelaniya to the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, the eastern coastline of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago and the western borders of the Matochkin Shar, Kara Vorota, Yugorsky Shar straits ”.

Russia has a very clear position on the Northern Sea Route - this is a real national treasure, elevated to the rank of primary state interests.

In the United States, the transport corridor along the territory of Russia is ready to be viewed exclusively as an international structure. The confrontation between Moscow and Washington is being built around this contradiction.

The arguments of Russia and the United States


The situation with the Northern Sea Route is full of not obvious legal subtleties. The norms of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of ​​XNUMX play in favor of the unrestricted operation of this line by ships of foreign states.

In accordance with the Convention, ships of any states have the right to free navigation within the exclusive economic zone of the coastal state, which is equal to the distance of 200 nautical miles from the coastline minus 12 nautical miles of the territorial sea and 12 miles of the adjacent zone. According to this rule, part of the Northern Sea Route can indeed be freely used by third-party vessels, including the military.

It is worth remembering that the sea line along the northern borders of Russia is very changeable and its configuration depends on the freezing of the seas, weather and hydrological conditions. All this only adds to the confusion in foreign minds regarding the status of the Northern Sea Route.

In response to foreign claims, the Russian leadership declares the northern transport highway "a historically established national transport communication." And also refers to article 234 "Ice-covered areas" of the mentioned UN Convention.

In an extreme climate and severe ice conditions, coastal countries (in this case, Russia) can independently regulate shipping to prevent possible environmental damage. In this case, safety and prevention of emergencies fall on the shoulders of the coastal country.

Legally, borders are described by the vague term "ice-covered areas". That is, Russia is actually allowed to take control of the entire Arctic.

In addition, according to the tradition that has developed over the centuries, the powers of power in the territory are transferred to the pioneer state. In this stories Russia has much more legal trump cards.

But the United States, along with the northern NATO countries, is not entirely happy with this.

NATO moves northeast


In recent years, the Northern Sea Route has become a real center of attraction for potential adversaries of Russia. Guided by the one-sidedly understood provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, warships of NATO countries are increasingly testing the strength of Russian defense in the region.

Among the potential objects of control is not only the Northern Sea Route itself, but rich deposits of minerals hidden in the continental shelf. Exercises are organized in the neutral waters of the Arctic zone, in which not only NATO countries participate, but also "neutral" Sweden and Finland.

As noted in the Russian defense department, last year in the Arctic, the intensity and scale of activities for operational and combat training of NATO armed forces continued to increase, the total number of which increased by 17%. Intelligence activity increased by 15%. Anti-missile defense systems are being strengthened in coastal states. And some countries are resuming underwater patrols in the region.

Since 2018, the second operational fleet of the US Navy has been recreated, in whose area of ​​responsibility is part of the Northern Sea Route off the coast of Russia. By 2022, the United States is to form, together with the Europeans, the NATO Atlantic Joint Command, which, together with the Home Front Command, will ensure the operational transfer of American troops to Europe.

Literally 60 kilometers from the Russian border, the Norwegians are building a new radar station. In addition, Norway doubled the number of US Marines deployed in 2018.
British submarines with "Tomahawks" have been patrolling the Arctic since 2016, and ground units are honing their "war in the cold" skills in Norway.

It can be said with some certainty that the sanctions policy of the United States and the European Union, apart from its other goals, has a focus on weakening Russia's influence in the Arctic region.

In this regard, low oil prices are also seen by initiators from abroad as one of the factors limiting Moscow's resources in the development of the Northern Sea Route.


Source: dailystorm.ru

Among the countermeasures in Russia, special rules have been developed for the passage of military ships of foreign states along the Northern Sea Route. This was largely done because of Washington's threats to block the sea route, as well as in connection with the noticeably increased activity of NATO countries in the Arctic.

Firstly, the notice of the visit of the warship must come no later than 45 days. The document should reflect the name of the ship, sailing time and a clear route. In addition, the notification separately describes the vessel's displacement, draft and propulsion parameters.

Formally, all this is required by the concern for safety, approved by Article 234 "Ice-covered areas" of the aforementioned UN Convention.

Secondly, a Russian pilot is sent to a military vessel without fail. The movement of the vessel is under the full control of the Russian Navy. And in case of an emergency, icebreakers will come to the aid of a military vessel.

Stumbling ice


The straits of the Northern Sea Route are another thorn in the minds of the American establishment. We are talking about the Vilkitsky, Shokalsky, Sannikov and Laptev straits, to which, in Washington's opinion, the regime of transit international shipping should be applied. And in this, the NATO countries that are members of the Arctic Council are in solidarity with the United States.

The problem of these straits was raised back in the 60s of the last century, when US ships tried to break through the Soviet Arctic straits of Vilnitsky and Shokalsky. Failed. And the countries exchanged diplomatic notes of protest.

Then the USSR was unambiguously the winner - after 1967, the Americans abandoned their attempts to break through. Nevertheless, now this issue is again on the agenda. In many ways, its solution depends on the growing power of the Russian armed forces in the Arctic region.

Despite the fact that now the development of the situation around the Northern Sea Route can be called sluggish, aggravations are possible in the future. They will be connected with the further retreat of ice to the north and the release of the water area for the unimpeded passage of ships without icebreaker escort.

This, by the way, will greatly simplify the development of minerals on the continental shelf, which, we recall, is considered Russian territory.

If the country's leadership does not continue its line of upholding sovereignty in the region, interested countries will be ready for provocations.

In the most "harmless" scenario, Washington will announce sanctions against the owners of ships using the Northern Transport Route. The example of Nord Stream 2 is proof of this.

In the event of further escalation, Norway and the United States are quite capable of unilaterally declaring the Northern Sea Route an international transport artery. And the Pentagon's second fleet will guarantee the safety of ships.

In this case, the cold confrontation in the North may well become a hot global conflict.
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  1. evgen1221
    evgen1221 16 December 2020 15: 08
    -9
    Why are the Americans in no hurry to build icebreakers? Yes, they don't need to, as they melt and without icebreakers will sail to defend someone else's.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 16 December 2020 15: 15
      +6
      Quote: evgen1221
      Yes, they don't need to, as they melt and without icebreakers will sail to defend someone else's.

      Are you sure that the people in the Arctic will melt?
      1. evgen1221
        evgen1221 16 December 2020 17: 28
        -5
        Well, in general terms, for more or less shipping, they will melt in 10 years.
        1. Vladimir Mashkov
          Vladimir Mashkov 16 December 2020 19: 29
          +1
          I read the problematic article and liked it. I was a little sad: although I was not in the polar region (once there was an opportunity, but the authorities did not let me in, sent me to another steamer), I walked around the ice many times, I broke the ice myself and even worked a little on the icebreaker. And I also remembered Vizbor's lines: "We stood with the pilot of the ice escort, from the icebreaker we looked at the dying day ..."
          And this NATA and the Americans are arrogant scoundrels! am
          1. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 19 December 2020 23: 34
            +1
            Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
            "We stood with the pilot of the ice escort, from the icebreaker we looked at the dying day ..."

            Nda ...... "Ice pilot". And this is hto ??
            1. Vladimir Mashkov
              Vladimir Mashkov 20 December 2020 11: 16
              0
              Quote: tihonmarine
              Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
              "We stood with the pilot of the ice escort, from the icebreaker we looked at the dying day ..."

              Nda ...... "Ice pilot". And this is hto ??

              Actually, I know pilots are called "ice reconnaissance". And I know the work of the beloved bard Yuri Iosifovich well, I have heard the version with the words "ice reconnaissance pilot" many times. As well as another version: "The icebreaker was written off from the Polar for his old age, the helicopter pilot crashed, now he is disabled ..." Yura often sang different versions with different words. But lately, for some reason, they are writing exactly the one that I mentioned: probably it was the first.
              1. tihonmarine
                tihonmarine 20 December 2020 15: 36
                +1
                Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
                Actually, I know pilots are called "ice reconnaissance".

                Well, that's more correct. Or an ice pilot.
      2. Wolf 1
        Wolf 1 19 December 2020 15: 48
        +2
        Will melt. I speak as a resident of the North. There are fewer frosts every year.
    2. Machito
      Machito 16 December 2020 15: 18
      +9
      Ice is melting between us ... (C)
      The Vilkitsky Strait is a Russian territory, there is nothing for NATO soldiers to do there. Let them build icebreakers and go around the islands. Is Hudson Bay also international waters? And our missile carriers can go there?
      1. iouris
        iouris 17 December 2020 14: 50
        -3
        Quote: Bearded
        Is Hudson Bay also international waters? And our missile carriers can go there?

        Do they strive?
      2. kamakama
        kamakama 10 February 2021 13: 16
        0
        In this regard, Hudson Bay is similar to the Sea of ​​Okhotsk - on paper these are international waters, in practice they are not. Showdowns on the topic of which line to connect the two capes in order to declare it as internal waters will never subside anywhere and never
    3. iouris
      iouris 17 December 2020 13: 03
      -3
      When the ice melts, it will be easy to capture Alaska (Alaska).
      1. nikon7717
        nikon7717 20 December 2020 15: 18
        0
        I read the article and remembered one of our legal priorities, which we ourselves reject. Stalin in the USSR paved the borders to the North Pole, and someone who was not good refused them under the UN convention. However, the Russian Federation, as the heir to the USSR, can here present this side to return the old borders, declaring the illegitimacy of their change
        1. vicing
          vicing 25 December 2020 15: 28
          +1
          Well then, it is imperative to leave the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
          1. nikon7717
            nikon7717 27 December 2020 21: 43
            0
            Here, the exit in part of the 10 mile zone is only in our favor.
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 16 December 2020 15: 09
    +5
    in the Russian Merchant Shipping Code
    And this does not suit our "partners"!
  3. Virus-free crown
    Virus-free crown 16 December 2020 15: 11
    -1
    First, let the Americans build at least 2 new nuclear icebreakers, and then rock the boat. laughing
    And then they have conductive "one and a half" - and those ... "for show" wassat
  4. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 16 December 2020 15: 11
    +4
    In addition, according to a centuries-old tradition, the powers of power in the territory are transferred to the pioneer state. In this story, Russia has much more legal trump cards.

    And at the time when Russian ships sailed the Arctic, there was no such state as the United States of America on the world map.
    1. Brturin
      Brturin 16 December 2020 21: 23
      0
      Quote: tihonmarine
      And at the time when Russian ships sailed the Arctic, there was no such state as the United States of America on the world map.

      There were no states, but their European "colleagues" and the Northern Sea Route were already closed to them - in 1619, a royal decree was issued on the complete prohibition of sea trade between Arkhangelsk and Mangazeya
      The initiator of such a strange decision was the Tobolsk voivode, Prince Ivan Semenovich Kurakin, who three years earlier informed Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich about the desire of foreigners to penetrate into Mangazeya and further to the Yenisei. https://iz.ru/829146/georgii-oltarzhevskii/prizrak-zhizni-kak-voznik-i-pogib-pervyi-russkii-gorod-v-zapoliare
  5. Woodman
    Woodman 16 December 2020 15: 12
    +3
    In the event of further escalation, Norway and the United States are quite capable of unilaterally declaring the Northern Sea Route an international transport artery. And the Pentagon's second fleet will guarantee the safety of ships.

    They can announce. No guarantee. They can only guarantee something where Russia does not have vital interests. The "America is with us" argument does not work in such cases.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 16 December 2020 15: 23
      +6
      Quote: Lesovik
      They can only guarantee something where Russia does not have vital interests.

      Everything is written correctly. But already many of Russia's interests are being sold through dummies to transcontinental corporations.
  6. Bez 310
    Bez 310 16 December 2020 15: 16
    +7
    It turns out that according to international legal norms
    navigation, part of the NSR is free for navigation by ships and military
    ships of all countries. And Russia is trying, while unsuccessfully, to close
    free use of this part of the NSR. In general, under "our SMP"
    a favorite US mine called "freedom of navigation" was laid.
    Perhaps I am misunderstanding something ...
    1. Sergey39
      Sergey39 16 December 2020 16: 07
      0
      Quote: Bez 310
      part of the NSR is free for navigation by ships and military
      ships of all countries.

      And there is. The shortest route across the North Pole is free laughing
    2. parusnik
      parusnik 16 December 2020 16: 59
      +3
      Freedom of navigation does not imply exemption from payment of port dues. From the article I understood one thing that the United States and Co. do not want to pay the specified fees on the NSR. I had a chance to talk to a colleague from Anadyr, asked a question, at meetings you are often praised, they say you row money shovel, you have that awesome movement. No answer, we live at the expense of icebreaker and pilotage dues. We saw the map. So, in order to go this way, the shipowner will have to pay a round sum without going to ports located on the coast, pilot and icebreaker, it will be canceled when apple trees bloom on New Earth. And if you also go to the ports, then a very round amount is obtained. Here are the types of port dues levied in Russian ports, depending on the regions:
      1) shipborne;
      2) channel;
      3) icebreaker; (not paid if the port is considered non-freezing)
      4) pilotage;
      5) lighthouse;
      6) navigation;
      7) mooring;
      8) ecological;
      9) transport security of the seaport water area;
      10) investment.
      Some of them are paid to the administration of seaports, some to Rosmorport. The money is not small. Especially in the North. This is where all the fuss comes from. And then the minerals, etc. And by the way, earlier fees were collected in US dollars (i.e. in dollars)., now in rubles, the lower the ruble exchange rate, the cheaper in dollars.
      1. Bez 310
        Bez 310 16 December 2020 17: 08
        -1
        Quote: parusnik
        From the article I understood one thing that the United States and Co. do not want to pay the specified fees on the NSR.

        You misunderstood everything.
        1. parusnik
          parusnik 16 December 2020 17: 12
          +2
          Specifically, what I didn't understand. Open my eyes. I want to figure it out.
          1. Bez 310
            Bez 310 16 December 2020 17: 33
            +2
            Quote: parusnik
            Specifically, what I didn't understand. Open my eyes. I want to figure it out.

            Understand.
            Read the article again and you will see that there is nothing in the article about
            no "fees", it says that the NSR, for the most part, is "general",
            according to the international Convention, and Russia, through various
            legal leads and vague wording, trying
            prohibit the free passage of warships of other countries.
            The essence of the conflict is that the United States is not going to comply with these
            "amateur" demands of Russia regarding the passage along the NSR.
            Now the US Navy does not have icebreakers that can provide
            the passage of ships along the NSR, but soon they will appear, and there is no doubt
            is that the US Navy will definitely attempt to pass
            on the NSR in accordance with their understanding of the Convention.
            1. parusnik
              parusnik 16 December 2020 17: 40
              0
              "common"
              ..So it's free. About what he wrote above. Port dues do not want to pay. Russia counteracts. Such a situation, in its own way, was with Suez, when they wanted to declare "common".
              1. Bez 310
                Bez 310 16 December 2020 18: 38
                0
                Quote: parusnik
                . Hence, free.

                Consider what you want, it makes no difference to me.
                What are the port dues from warships,
                who are not going to enter our
                ports? You are ...
                1. parusnik
                  parusnik 16 December 2020 18: 48
                  +1
                  Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of October 2, 1999 No. 1102
                  "On the Rules for the Navigation and Stay of Foreign Warships and Other State Vessels Operated for Non-Commercial Purposes in the Territorial Sea, in Inland Sea Waters, at Naval Bases, at Homes of Warships and Seaports of the Russian Federation." 13. Ships and vessels are not subject to taxes for their passage through the territorial sea of ​​the Russian Federation. 14. Taxes from ships and vessels, passing through the territorial sea of ​​the Russian Federation, levied only to pay for the services rendered. These fees are charged without discrimination .... You thought you were in the subject .. Sorry.
                  1. Bez 310
                    Bez 310 16 December 2020 18: 55
                    -1
                    Quote: parusnik
                    Sorry.

                    I'm sorry.
                    I am talking about US and NATO warships,
                    and they are not interested in the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation,
                    they are guided by completely different, international
                    documents.
                    Don't answer, don't ...
                    1. parusnik
                      parusnik 16 December 2020 18: 57
                      0
                      I'm sorry.
                      ... Thank you. This is not an answer. Thanks.
                  2. Avior
                    Avior 16 December 2020 20: 19
                    +2
                    ... in the territorial sea, in internal sea waters, at naval bases, at the bases of warships and seaports of the Russian Federation

                    And all this does not apply to the NSR.
                    Dues from ships and vessels passing through the territorial sea of ​​the Russian Federation are collected only to pay for services rendered to them. These fees are collected without discrimination.

                    And here everything is correct. In territorial waters, you will have to pay on a general basis, the same as for foreigners. And only for specific services rendered. And you won't be able to make your own discount - foreigners will immediately demand the same discount, in whatever form it was issued. And there can be no taxes for the passage without services rendered.
    3. Avior
      Avior 16 December 2020 19: 18
      +2
      Right. And perhaps not a part. The convention in some cases allows passage through territorial waters.
      1. Bez 310
        Bez 310 16 December 2020 19: 28
        +1
        Quote: Avior
        The convention in some cases allows passage through territorial waters.

        Yes, there are options.
        In general, despite Russia's attempts to present the NSR
        internal Russian route remain open
        issues in international law that no one to us
        will close.
        In short, the ships of the US Navy and NATO will go along the NSR, as
        only they will have the strength and the ability to icebreaker
        escort. And in areas that do not require an icebreaker
        escorts, these ships will appear in the very near
        future. You can recall the recent incident with the ship
        US Navy in Peter the Great Gulf.
        1. Lex_is
          Lex_is 16 December 2020 21: 25
          0
          You can recall the recent incident with the US Navy ship in Peter the Great Gulf
          .
          And not only him.
          This year the US Navy has become very active in the Barents Sea.

          On May 1, USS Donald Cook, USS Porter (DDG 78) and HMS Kent (F78) anti-submarine warfare exercises in the Norwegian Sea;
          Operation PHOTOEX in the Barents Sea USS Porter, USS Donald Cook, USS Roosevelt and HMS Kent (F4) from 8 to 78 May
          From 7 to 9 September operations in the Barents Sea by USS Ross, HMS Sutherland (F81) and HNoMS Thor Heyerdahl (F314).
          On October 19, USS Ross entered the Barents Sea.
          1. Bez 310
            Bez 310 16 December 2020 21: 28
            -1
            Quote: Lex_is
            And not only him.

            Of course!
            And no cries about "There is nothing to do near our shores!"
            do not interfere with the US Navy and NATO from solving their tasks.
      2. Brturin
        Brturin 16 December 2020 19: 47
        +1
        Quote: Avior
        The convention in some cases allows passage through territorial waters.

        Some ... Article 17. Right of innocent passage. - Subject to the observance of this Convention, the ships of all States, coastal and landlocked, shall enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea. Article 18. 1. Passage means navigation through the territorial sea for the purpose of: a) crossing this sea without entering internal waters or standing in the roadstead or at a port facility outside internal waters ... Article 26. Foreign ships cannot be taxed no fees just for their passage through the territorial sea. 2. A foreign ship passing through the territorial sea may be subject only to fees in payment for specific services
        1. Avior
          Avior 16 December 2020 20: 52
          +3
          Perhaps, the passage through the straits between the islands, if the ship goes from international waters to international waters, is quite suitable for this.
          1. Brturin
            Brturin 16 December 2020 21: 38
            0
            Provided if you go around the problem ...
            Article 37 This Section applies to straits used for international navigation between one part of the high seas or exclusive economic zone and another part of the high seas or exclusive economic zone.
            Article 38 1. In the straits referred to in article 37, all ships and aircraft shall enjoy the right of transit passage, which shall not be obstructed, except that, if the strait is formed by an island of a state bordering the strait and its continental part, transit the passage does not apply if there is an equally convenient route from the point of view of navigational and hydrographic conditions on the high seas or in the exclusive economic zone to the sea side of the island.
            1. Avior
              Avior 16 December 2020 21: 48
              +1
              This, as I understand it, does not apply to this case.
              1. Brturin
                Brturin 16 December 2020 23: 29
                0
                The author has a quote "For the Northern Sea Route in the Russian Merchant Shipping Code there is a separate definition:" The water area adjacent to the northern coast of the Russian Federation, covering inland sea waters... "- all these provisions do not apply to inland waters ...
                and below "And also refers to Article 234" Ice-covered areas "of the referenced UN Convention" - but in this article "in ice-covered areas within the exclusive economic zone, where the climatic conditions are particularly severe and the presence of ice covering such areas for most of the year, create obstacles or increased danger to navigation "- most of the year in modern conditions ...
                1. Avior
                  Avior 16 December 2020 23: 39
                  +2
                  There is also an important requirement for the same conditions and fees from all ships, if any.
                  In addition, there may be problems with proving the need for these requirements - there is a special court for the law of the sea
  7. japan-k
    japan-k 16 December 2020 15: 26
    +5
    and who knows when the ice will melt in such quantity ????
    in 20 years, maybe 40 or 50
    Everything in the world will change already, America is no longer so great, and here is China, as it will be in 20 years, for example.
    At the moment, Russia is doing everything right, competently, slowly. And the fleet also increases its armament, without spending all that is on it.
    And given the prospects for the development of aviation, navy, missile weapons, electronic warfare equipment, etc. it will be possible to control the space from the coast for 500 or even 1000 km without problems
    1. timokhin-aa
      timokhin-aa 17 December 2020 11: 15
      +1
      And the fleet increases


      The number of full-fledged ships of the Navy is constantly decreasing.
  8. parusnik
    parusnik 16 December 2020 15: 42
    +2
    At NATO Headquarters: Chief, Chief! Everything is lost! The ice in the Arctic is rapidly melting every day, the Sannikov land rose from the bottom of the sea, with the Ankilons, they took Russian citizenship! The Nile is freezing, the Mediterranean Sea is covered with ice! Saudi Arabia is covered with snow! It's time to build up our military forces in the NSR.
    In this case, the cold confrontation in the North may well become a hot global conflict.
    1. 2 Level Advisor
      2 Level Advisor 16 December 2020 15: 53
      0
      laughed laughing that's how everyone is sweating, so come, but for now, stop nimble suggesting, there is no reason ..
  9. Ros 56
    Ros 56 16 December 2020 15: 52
    -1
    And we are somehow not interested in the dreams of the striped and their lackeys, due to the fact that the sheriff does not care about the problems of the Indians from NATO.
  10. Interlocutor
    Interlocutor 16 December 2020 16: 40
    -1
    In the event of further escalation, Norway and the United States are quite capable of unilaterally declaring the Northern Sea Route an international transport artery. And the Pentagon's second fleet will guarantee the safety of ships.


    Are there such examples in history in relation to Russia?
  11. The comment was deleted.
    1. agond
      agond 16 December 2020 18: 26
      -1
      No matter how hard you try, the NSR is difficult to compete with the Suez Canal, and NATO ships have nothing to do on our northern shores, so the policy of restricting shipping is fully justified
    2. Motorist
      Motorist 16 December 2020 18: 59
      0
      You have correctly noted about 110 years of observations of the climate. Not everyone understands this, being carried away by the "globally warmed carbon dioxide" hysteria.

      This is what I did not understand after reading the article: Crimea, in the opinion of the Author and the Editorial Board - whose? what
    3. Korax71
      Korax71 16 December 2020 19: 04
      +3
      There is more information in one comment than in the article good drinks
      1. A. Privalov
        A. Privalov 17 December 2020 21: 55
        +3
        Quote: Korax71
        There is more information in one comment than in the article good drinks

        Thank you. Only there is no more comment, alas. There was probably too much information there. lol
    4. Brturin
      Brturin 16 December 2020 21: 09
      0
      Quote: A. Privalov
      Climatic observations have been conducted in this region for more than 110 years, but no obvious changes in climatic factors have been identified.

      But something is still changing - "We see that the weather also allows us in this matter, the climate is also changing, and our gas carriers also show themselves very well there, in terms of the fact that when these early flights were made in May, They traveled almost the entire route along the Northern Sea Route on their own. There were difficult sections where the support of nuclear icebreakers was required, but these two voyages gave us a unique experience that now forces us, together with Atomflot, to revise the concept of icebreaking support for our LNG projects "- Department Director sea ​​transportation of "NOVATEK" Alexander Semenov https://www.interfax.ru/russia/734643
      1. A. Privalov
        A. Privalov 17 December 2020 00: 17
        +3
        Quote: BrTurin
        Quote: A. Privalov
        Climatic observations have been conducted in this region for more than 110 years, but no obvious changes in climatic factors have been identified.

        But something is still changing - "We see that the weather also allows us in this matter, the climate is also changing, and our gas carriers also show themselves very well there, in terms of the fact that when these early flights were made in May, They traveled almost the entire route along the Northern Sea Route on their own. There were difficult sections where the support of nuclear icebreakers was required, but these two voyages gave us a unique experience that now forces us, together with Atomflot, to revise the concept of icebreaking support for our LNG projects "- Department Director sea ​​transportation of "NOVATEK" Alexander Semenov https://www.interfax.ru/russia/734643

        Today the NSR is open plus or minus 20 days a year. I am familiar with the reasoning of some researchers who claim that by 2050 it will be free of ice 100 days a year. Even if they turn out to be right, nothing will change significantly. Yes, and I cannot personally be convinced of this, alas ...
        1. Brturin
          Brturin 17 December 2020 00: 41
          +1
          Quote: A. Privalov
          I am familiar with the reasoning of some researchers

          Unfortunately, some argue one thing, others another ... there is an opinion that a large influx of fresh water will lead to a change in currents, which will lead to the opposite result - a cooling (you can recall last year, when they somehow began to write together that the Jacobshavn glacier in Greenland growing). Fresh water, increased methane emissions in the Arctic, now also eddies - “As the Arctic warms up, this mechanism of eddy migration will disappear, because in summer there will be no ice, and in winter it will be more mobile,” explains Marshall. Thus, we expect to see the Arctic much more unstable in the future, which will have serious consequences for the large-scale dynamics of the climate system. ”https://ria.ru/20201216/vodovoroty-1589534423.html
          1. A. Privalov
            A. Privalov 17 December 2020 08: 39
            +3
            Quote: BrTurin
            In such conditions, it is not rewarding to make forecasts ...

            Quite right. By the way, for the last 30 years I have been living on the seashore. I go to the same beach. If the ice has already melted so much, then the level of sea waters in the world should have risen at least a little. However, nothing like that happens. The beach does not shrink, the stones on the pier do not go into the water. Even on the old fishing bridges, a gray-green strip of sea level is clearly visible.
            1. Brturin
              Brturin 17 December 2020 13: 46
              0
              Quote: A. Privalov
              If the ice had already melted so much, then the level of sea waters in the world should have risen at least a little.

              It will rise, it will not rise ...
              "The probability that the level will rise by more than 39 centimeters by 2100 is only about 5 percent. Edwards notes that in their model, even if Antarctic glaciers do collapse rapidly, the maximum rise in the level of the World Ocean will not exceed half a meter, and most the probable growth will be 14-15 cm water used for desalination also neutralizes the rise in level (though there are problems with brine after desalination) ... As one character said - "This is unknown to science. Science is not yet in the know "...
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  13. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 17 December 2020 10: 44
    0
    For 10 months of 2020, 1 million tons of transit cargo passed through the NSR. The total turnover this year will be more than 280 million tons. The transit cargo will almost double. The main cargo is energy carriers. Most of the foreigners are constantly used by the Chinese COSCO. and railway transport is enough. 31 thousand trains and more than 10 thousand containers were sent to Europe. Without Russia, there is no railway.
  14. K298rtm
    K298rtm 17 December 2020 11: 39
    0
    Someday the ice will melt (or not). In the meantime ... "trust in God (nature), but do not make a mistake yourself"
  15. iouris
    iouris 17 December 2020 12: 47
    0
    The ice is melting - we must save the polar bears. At least feed them.
    1. misti1973
      misti1973 13 January 2021 04: 17
      0
      It is better to set goals more comprehensively: to feed, train, teach how to go on reconnaissance, create sabotage groups :)
  16. IL38
    IL38 31 December 2020 02: 11
    -3
    Quote: BrTurin
    It will rise, it will not rise ...

    I read that if the temperature in the Arctic rises by 1,5 degrees, the coast will turn from permafrost into a swamp. Do not pass or drive. And then it makes sense to extract something in the swamp?
    1. misti1973
      misti1973 13 January 2021 04: 15
      0
      The shelf is not exactly the coast. And by the way, if the temperature rises so much, this is a plus for us - then it is necessary to extract because it is cheaper. The question is the availability of drilling platforms and their condition.
  17. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 4 January 2021 18: 39
    -1
    There will be where Zircons for real purposes to test ...
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  19. misti1973
    misti1973 13 January 2021 04: 13
    0
    Wait for the ice to melt in order to organize full-fledged exercises in the Arctic? They have original ideas :) It's all an attempt to tickle your nerves. So what are we going to do now? They do not have icebreakers, so it will be a big problem to conduct merchant ships (even without opposition from our side (. And opposition can be arranged, just the problem needs to be solved as it arrives, otherwise they can clearly arrange a "race" with their finances, which is our to put it mildly, a "poor" country will not win. And let the submarines float while they only have TASM Axes :) What will they shoot at? It's not a problem to shoot them down at all, and you can't launch them from under the ice. Although all this is very unpleasant, but the main problem is our stupid government, which did nothing for too long to raise the economy to an acceptable level! The lion dies - the hyenas immediately start to shrivel around :(
  20. ser.rudov2016
    ser.rudov2016 4 February 2021 09: 26
    0
    What prevents the West from laying the Northern Sea Route without violating the state border of the Russian Federation? If they build a couple of icebreakers, and Russia will be on its way.