Military Review

"Storm is death." How Suvorov destroyed the Turkish garrison of Izmail

56

Engraving by S. Shiflyar "The storming of Ishmael on December 11 (22), 1790". View from the river side. Based on a watercolor drawing by the battle artist M.M. Ivanov


Impregnable fortress


During the 1790 campaign, Russian troops laid siege to Izmail, the largest and most powerful Turkish fortress on the Danube. It was an important communications hub in the Danube. Before the start of the Russian-Turkish War, the Ottomans, with the help of European engineers, improved the fortifications of the Izmail fortress. It had a high rampart (6-8 meters), a wide deep ditch (width up to 12 meters, depth - 6-10 meters), 11 guns stood on 265 bastions. The stronghold was defended by a whole army - 35 thousand people (some of the troops were of an irregular militia character). The remnants of the garrisons from other fallen Turkish fortresses fled to Ishmael. The garrison was commanded by Aidoslu Mehmed Pasha and the brother of the Crimean Khan Kaplan-Girey with his sons. The Turkish sultan ordered to keep Ishmael at any cost and subject to death all who lay down weapon.

Russian troops (over 30 thousand soldiers and 500 guns, not counting ship guns) under Izmail were commanded by Generals Gudovich, Samoilov, Pavel Potemkin (a relative of His Serene Highness). Russian flotilla on the Danube was led by de Ribas. Field Marshal Potemkin did not appoint the chief chief. The generals conferred, doubted, argued, but did not dare to undertake a general assault. And there were no clear instructions from the commander-in-chief. The Russians were able to almost completely destroy the remnants of the Turkish flotilla on the Danube under the walls of Ishmael (up to 100 ships), but there was no success in capturing the fortress itself. Autumn came, winter was approaching. The troops, as before at Ochakovo, suffered from deficiencies in the supply system. Food was running out, no fuel was prepared. Diseases flourished in the siege corps. The soldiers quickly fell ill in the damp and cold dugouts. The Turkish garrison had large reserves, lived in a warm place and did not experience any particular problems. When the commandant of Ishmael was offered to surrender the fortress, he replied: "I don't see what I should be afraid of." At the end of November, the military council of the Russian siege corps decided to lift the siege of Izmail.

Potemkin did not like this. The political situation was serious. Austria withdrew from the war. England and Prussia took an openly hostile position towards Russia. France helped the Porte. Poland threatened with an uprising. A major victory was needed. His Serene Highness ordered Suvorov to lead the siege corps. Alexander Suvorov at this time with his detachment stood in Byrlad, 100 miles from Ishmael, and languished with idleness. He immediately launched a vigorous activity. He sent the Fanagoria grenadier regiment formed by him to the fortress. Organized the supply of troops. All available entrenching tools were sent to Ishmael. As well as the manufactured assault ladders. At this time, the news came that the troops near Ishmael began to lift the siege. General P. Potemkin was the first to leave. The river flotilla was going to Galati. The commander-in-chief gave Suvorov to decide for himself: whether to continue the siege or to lift it. Alexander Vasilyevich did not hesitate. He ordered Potemkin's troops to return to Ishmael and galloped with a convoy of the Cossacks there.


Engraving by S. Shiflyar "Storming Izmail"

"Rather the Danube will flow backwards, and the sky will fall to earth, than Ishmael will surrender"


In the early morning of December 2, 1790, Alexander Suvorov arrived at the Russian camp near Izmail. I immediately held a meeting and studied the situation. Up to 20 thousand soldiers remained under the walls of the fortress, half were Cossacks, many of whom did not even have firearms. There are many sick people, exhausted by fever. Food is running out, ammunition is scarce. Siege work was carried out sluggishly or was completely abandoned. The heavy guns have already been removed and taken away. And the Turkish garrison is provided for everything and is fully combat-ready, relies on a system of powerful fortifications.

Alexander Vasilyevich immediately began to prepare for the assault. Teams of soldiers were sent to harvest dry reeds for fuel. The Russian camp immediately acquired a residential look. The number of smoke in the Russian camp multiplied. The Turks decided that a large reinforcement had arrived with Topal Pasha ("lame general"). The new commander sent marketeers (food merchants) under Ishmael, improved supplies. Outposts were removed on the roads, and carts of local residents were drawn to the Russian army. Regimental cash drawers were unsealed for the purchase of provisions. A copy of the Izmail rampart with a deep ditch was built far from the enemy's eyes, and wolf pits were prepared in front of it. Young soldiers were taught how to cover pits and moats with wattle and fence, and use assault ladders. On the banks of the Danube, a battery of 40 cannons in each was placed on both flanks in order to give the enemy the appearance of preparing a long siege.

On December 5, the regiments of General Potemkin returned to Izmail, the size of the army increased to 30 thousand. On December 6, the Phanagoria grenadiers arrived. On December 7, Suvorov sent a letter to the commandant of the fortress G. Potemkin with a proposal to surrender in order to avoid a lot of blood. The surrender was honorable: the Turkish troops were released, like all civilians who wanted to, with all their property. Otherwise, Izmail was promised the fate of Ochakov. Suvorov himself added: “Twenty-four hours to think - will; the first shot is already bondage; assault is death. " Aidos-Mohammed refused to surrender the fortress. At the same time, he wanted to play for time and offered to give him 10 days to think. However, Suvorov easily guessed the Turkish trick.

On December 9, a council of war was assembled. Alexander Suvorov briefly outlined the situation. I asked the commanders: "Siege or assault?" According to the rules of the military regulations, the junior commander was the first to speak. It was a Don Cossack, Brigadier Platov. "Storm!" - he said. Everyone repeated that word. The commander appointed the assault on December 11 (22). The troops were divided into three parts, each with three columns. General de Ribas's troops (9 men) attacked from across the river; on the right wing there were Potemkin's regiments (7,5 thousand), they struck from the western part of the fortress; on the left wing of the army of Samoilov (12 thousand) - from the east. In the reserve was the cavalry of Westphalen (2,5 thousand people), which was supposed to repel the enemy's sortie from any four gates of the Izmail fortress.

Of the nine assault columns, three had to take three vertices of the enemy triangle (the fortress had the shape of a triangle in its plan), the strongest points of Ishmael. These three columns were made up of the finest battalions of the Suvorov regiments, renowned for his victories. Suvorov entrusted the command to three experienced generals. On the left flank, the 1st column of Lvov was to take the old Tabia redoubt by the river. The 3rd column of General Meknob stormed the north-western peak of the triangle, here the height of the ramparts and walls reached 24 meters. The eastern summit was stormed by the 6th column of Kutuzov. The fortress here adjoined the river, protruding forward by three bastions. The assault was scheduled early in the morning in order to reach the rampart in the dark and take it, avoiding the fire of numerous enemy artillery. The assault detachments had the best riflemen and workers in front with axes, picks, shovels and crowbars. There was a reserve squad behind. The soldiers carried bundles of brushwood with them and dragged fences to overcome wolf pits and ditches.


Assault


Artillery preparation was carried out on December 10, 1790. The fire was conducted by about 600 guns from the coastal batteries of Chatal Island on the Danube and ships of the flotilla. The Turks answered with all their guns. Hundreds of guns fired. They did not spare the shells, since they had not planned a siege. The artillery preparation lasted almost a day and ended 2,5 hours before the assault. Russian shells caused serious damage to the fortress, and the city was also damaged. On the Russian side, the flotilla suffered damage. One brigantine was blown up by a successful enemy shot. More than a hundred crew members died immediately in the waters of the Danube. On this day, the Russians lost over 370 people killed and wounded.

The assault did not come as a surprise to the enemy, it was expected. Several defectors informed the Turkish command of the preparation of the Russian attack. At three o'clock in the morning, a signal rocket shot up, the Russian troops rose, took the assigned positions on the second missile, and rushed to the enemy stronghold on the third. The Turks responded with rifle and artillery fire. Russian shooters beat the enemy, aiming at the flashes of rifle shots. Under their cover, the columns overcame the ditch and began to climb the ramparts. Ladders were placed against the stone walls. The front soldiers died, they were replaced by others. Even in the dark, Russian soldiers broke into the rampart, crowding the enemy. The 2nd column of Lassi at 6 o'clock was the first to cross the shaft. Redoubt Tabia was not taken with a frontal attack. Then the Absheron riflemen and Phanagoria grenadiers cut through the palisade between the redoubt and the coast and attacked in the rear captured the coastal batteries. The Turks from the redoubt launched a counterattack. The Janissaries fought fiercely. Lvov was wounded. The Phanagorians responded with a bayonet blow, throwing back the enemy, then bypassed the redoubt, captured the gates, opened them and let in the reserve. Then they connected with the fighters of Lassi. The Khotyn gates were open to cavalry. But the Ottomans still held the main tower of the Tabia redoubt.

Meknob's column stormed the northern corner bastion of the fortress. She had the worst. Here the depth of the ditch and the height of the rampart were so great that the assault ladders of 5,5 fathoms (over 11,5 m) were short, they had to be tied in length by two. The advanced daredevils perished. New fighters took their place. Their attack was supported by shooters who beat them on the heads. The fierce resistance of the Ottomans forced Meknob to throw his reserve into battle. The general personally led the soldiers into battle, climbed the assault ladder to the bastion and was seriously wounded (he died from him in 1791). Having broken the stubborn resistance of the enemy, the Russian soldiers took the bastion and captured the neighboring fortifications.

The poorly armed Cossacks of the 4th and 5th columns of Orlov and Platov suffered heavy losses. The lances were of little help in fierce melee combat. Orlov's fighters were able to break through to the shaft. However, the Bendery Gates opened here, and the Turks, shouting "Alla", made a sortie. The Janissaries cut the assault column with a flank blow. The Cossacks mingled, they were thrown into the ditch. Only cavalry and infantry reserves were able to rectify the situation. The hussars with sabers and infantrymen with bayonets drove the enemy into the fortress. The Cossacks went on a new assault and again fell onto the rampart. Platov's neighboring column crossed the chest-deep ditch in icy water, then climbed a steep rampart, clad in stone. The Cossacks had to drive the debris of the peak into the crevices between the stones and stubbornly climb under enemy rifle fire. When Orlov's column was under attack, Platov's Cossacks retreated. They were reinforced with an infantry battalion. The 5th column resumed the attack and captured the rampart, got in touch with the neighbors.

The 6th column of Kutuzov broke through the enemy positions simultaneously with the troops of Lassi and Lvov. The forward battalion lost almost three-quarters of its men in a fierce battle. The situation was critical. Kutuzov with a battalion of the Suzdal regiment rushed into the attack. Kutuzov's fighters took the bastion at the Kiliyskie gates and the rampart to the neighboring bastions. De Ribas's troops were successful. Under cover of battery fire from the island of Chatal and ships of the flotilla, all three columns on ships crossed the Danube and landed on the shore. The paratroopers, despite the resistance of 10 thousand Turks and Tatars, captured the coastal fortifications and batteries. This was facilitated by the success of the Lvov column, which captured part of the enemy's flank batteries.

Ishmael is ours!


After a short rest and assessment of the situation, the Suvorovites continued their attack. The second part of the assault was no less difficult than the first. Having taken possession of the entire outer belt of the fortress fortifications, the Russian troops were greatly stretched out and suffered significant losses. Almost all of the officers were wounded, often seriously. The Turks had a numerical advantage. They occupied a central position, they could concentrate forces against part of the Russian army. Large stone houses, barracks, tall "khans" (hotels) - it was necessary to storm them. It was difficult to operate on narrow and crooked streets. Thousands of horses burst out of the burning stables, racing through the streets in frenzy and increasing the disorder.

Russian columns from different sides began an offensive towards the city center: from the right wing of Potemkin's troops, from the north - the Cossacks, from the left wing - Kutuzov, from the coast - de Ribas. All the remaining reserves were brought into Ishmael. The cavalry blocked the passages along the line of the fortifications, destroying those groups of the enemy who were trying to escape from Ishmael. Dozens of bloody hand-to-hand fights ensued. Large houses had to be stormed like small fortresses. To facilitate the assault, Suvorov introduced light weapons into the city, which cleared the way for the infantry with buckshot. At about noon the gamekeepers Lassi reached the city center. The general himself was wounded, but until the end of the battle he was with his soldiers. Here he defeated a detachment of Maksud-Giray. The Tatar prince fought bravely, but most of his soldiers fell, and he laid down his arms.

Seraskir Aydos-Magomekd with 2 thousand janissaries settled in a large palace. The Ottomans repulsed the first Russian attack with grapeshot. Our soldiers pulled up their guns, knocked down the gates. A Phanagorian battalion rushed in and broke the enemy's resistance. Seraskir gave up. The last strong counterattack was made by Kaplan-Girey. He gathered around him several thousand of the most desperate fighters and tried to break out of the city. However, in a bloody battle, the Turks and Tatars were defeated. Almost all of them died, including the five sons of Kaplan-Girey. At 2 o'clock in the afternoon all Russian columns marched to the center of the fortress, by 4 o'clock all centers of resistance were suppressed. Ishmael is ours!

"Storm is death." How Suvorov destroyed the Turkish garrison of Izmail
Monument to Alexander Suvorov. Ishmael

Complete victory


Suvorov appointed Kutuzov the commandant of the city. He had to immediately repel the "second assault" of Ishmael. Many local peasants gathered around the city who tried to take advantage of the Russian victory (settle scores with the Turks, rob). The Russians had to take measures to protect the civilian population of the city.

The Turkish garrison was destroyed (only one soldier was able to escape). The losses of the Ottomans were enormous - 26 thousand were killed, 9 thousand were taken prisoner (soon a part died of wounds). There were so many killed that there was no way to bury them. I had to dump the bodies into the Danube. Ishmael was cleared of corpses only after 6 days. The Russians captured huge trophies: 265 guns, a large amount of ammunition, up to 400 banners, the remains of the Turkish Danube flotilla - over 40 ships and ferries, rich booty worth 10 million piastres, thousands of horses. Russian losses - over 4,5 thousand people (including 400 officers out of 650). According to other sources - up to 4 thousand dead and about 6 thousand wounded.

The fall of the Izmail Fortress came as a shock to Constantinople and its western allies. The Russian army opened its way to the Balkans. Turkish troops in other fortresses were demoralized and fled. The storming of Izmail ensured peace on Russian terms.

Deciding on the difficult and dangerous assault on Izmail, Alexander Suvorov put his entire military career at stake. Failure could be the sunset of his star. Victory took him even higher. Suvorov was waiting for the rank of field marshal for this victory. But I didn't wait. Received the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment (became the 11th such lieutenant colonel). Suvorov was sent to the border with Finland to inspect and strengthen the fortresses. Although it would be reasonable to let him complete the defeat of the Turkish army on the Danube front. And Potemkin received a field marshal's uniform embroidered with diamonds worth 200 thousand rubles (huge money at that time) and the Tauride Palace. The soldiers were awarded a silver medal "For excellent bravery in the capture of Ishmael, officers - gold crosses" For the capture of Ishmael. The generals were awarded orders and other awards: P. Potemkin was awarded the Order of St. George 2nd degree, "Danube Hero" - de Ribas, received the Order of St. George 2-degree and a sword with diamonds, Lassi and Kutuzov - the Order of St. George 3rd degree.


Award medal “For excellent bravery in the capture of Ishmael. December 11, 1790 "
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, https://dic.academic.ru/
56 comments
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  1. Mordvin 3
    Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 05: 00
    +11
    Suvorov was reproached with heavy losses.
    "God have mercy, two died from the storm, and four died from hunger and cold!" It seems so.
    1. Sofa batyr
      Sofa batyr 14 December 2020 05: 28
      +11
      On December 6, the Phanagoria grenadiers arrived.


      The Phanagorians, who received an unofficial name at the place of deployment on the edge of Taman, in an area called Phanagoria, and ready in any situation to follow Suvorov into fire and water: the commander knew about this and believed in them as in himself.
      But the 11th grenadier regiment was officially named "Fanagoria" only on March 31, 1801, 11 years after the storming of the fortress "Izmail" and a year after the death of the commander.
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 05: 32
        +8
        Quote: Divan-batyr
        ready in any situation to follow Suvorov into fire and water

        The monastery was taken by storm. The priest complained to the Synod. fellow
        1. Sofa batyr
          Sofa batyr 14 December 2020 06: 16
          +16
          Quote: Mordvin 3
          The monastery was taken by storm. The priest complained to the Synod.

          The priest (abbot) was simply unlucky that the monastery walls, like nothing, were better suited for practicing the assault on Turkish fortresses ...
          Alexander Vasilyevich had no personal antipathies to religion or clergy.

          For the cause, for the glory of the Fatherland, it was necessary - so he stormed ...
          1. Mordvin 3
            Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 06: 21
            +3
            Quote: Divan-batyr
            Alexander Vasilyevich had no personal antipathies to religion or clergy.

            I know.
          2. Hagen
            Hagen 14 December 2020 11: 56
            +8
            Quote: Divan-batyr
            Alexander Vasilyevich had no personal antipathies to religion or clergy.

            On the contrary, Alexander Vasilyevich was a very pious man, he faithfully observed church statutes, built several churches, and annually sent several thousand rubles to ransom indigent debtors from the Petersburg prison. Towards the end of his life, he even petitioned Paul for permission to become a monk.
            1. mpr200
              mpr200 15 December 2020 18: 31
              +1
              He also wrote the penitential canon, "Thy am I".
          3. Normal ok
            Normal ok 14 December 2020 17: 45
            -7
            In the "history" section, you need to publish not popular prints (on the head of the day), but serious articles. According to all the participants in the assault (and Suvorov himself), the main role in the capture of Ishmael was played by de Ribas's flotilla. The assault detachments of which mainly consisted of the Black Sea (former Zaporozhye) Cossacks Golovaty and Chepega. Which is reflected in many sources. But for Samsonov, this is a secret ((
            1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
              Boris ⁣ Shaver 15 December 2020 01: 14
              +2
              Quote: Normal ok
              the main role in the capture of Ishmael was played by de Ribas's flotilla. The assault detachments of which mainly consisted of the Black Sea (former Zaporozhye) Cossacks

              Quote: Normal ok
              according to all the participants in the assault (and Suvorov himself),

              Quote: Normal ok
              for Samsonov, it's a mystery

              I'm afraid this is a mystery not only for Samsonov, but also for everyone who has not yet traded their story for the fables of semi-literate tales of the great rogulya.
              Moreover, it was a secret for all the participants in that assault, and for Suvorov himself.
        2. Alexander Suvorov
          Alexander Suvorov 14 December 2020 06: 39
          +29
          Mordvin 3 (Vladimir)
          The monastery was taken by storm. The priest complained to the Synod.
          The Yemnip monastery was stormed not by the Phanagorians, but by the Suzdal regiment.

          But as for the storming of Izmail itself, Suvorov later wrote that such an assault could only be dared once in a lifetime. Another would be a first-class fortress with a garrison exceeding the size of the besieging army. At the same time, the losses of the parties are not comparable, only ONE Turks left Izmail.
          1. Sofa batyr
            Sofa batyr 14 December 2020 06: 56
            +8
            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            The Yemnip monastery was stormed not by the Phanagorians, but by the Suzdal regiment.

            Nevertheless, even though the Suzdalians or the Phanagorians, this characterizes the soldier's faith in his commander, their confidence in the correctness of his decisions.

            After all, it was not easy for a devout, illiterate and superstitious peasant, from the masses of whom the army was recruited, to accept how it was possible to storm a monastery, a holy monastery.
            But faith in the commander did its job. They stormed.
            1. Sugar Honeyovich
              Sugar Honeyovich 14 December 2020 15: 13
              +5
              In Russian history, examples of sieges and assaults by Russian people (mainly peasants) of Orthodox monasteries are not one or two.
          2. Mordvin 3
            Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 07: 03
            +2
            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            Suzdal regiment.

            Ага.
            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            At the same time, the losses of the parties are not comparable

            Nevertheless, Suvorov was hinted at losses. From Potemkin, he was watching the assault. I forgot my last name. Some kind of foreigner.
            1. Alexander Suvorov
              Alexander Suvorov 14 December 2020 10: 36
              +20
              Mordvin 3 (Vladimir)
              Nevertheless, Suvorov was hinted at losses.
              Well, of course, Suvorov had more than enough envious people. Yes, the same brightest was jealous of Suvorov's talent of the general, as a result of which the assault on Ochakov dragged on to disgrace.
              It remains only to be surprised at such insignificant losses during the assault on Ishmael, killed in 1879 and 2703 wounded, with Turkish losses of 26000 killed and 9000 prisoners.
              1. Mordvin 3
                Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 10: 45
                +3
                Quote: Alexander Suvorov
                as a result of which the assault on Ochakov dragged on to disgrace.

                Suvorov laughed at His Serene Highness.
                "I'm sitting on a stone
                I look at Ochakov ... "
                In general, foreign engineers were sure that the time for the capture of Ishmael was hopelessly lost.
      2. Ryazan87
        Ryazan87 15 December 2020 00: 14
        +4
        Sorry, but this is not true: the Phanagorians have never been deployed on Taman. In Yaroslavl, Ryazan, Moscow, Poland, ... wherever they were brought, but just not there. Even the Phanagoria fortress, to which Suvorov really had a relationship, was built as Cossacks and gamekeepers of the 1st and 2nd battalions of the Taurida Jaeger Corps.
        Let's open the regimental history:

        The Phanagorians were immediately called so quite officially, which is easy to see by reading, for example,
        Report to Her Imperial Majesty on January 8, 1791 (Circumstances and details about the capture of Ishmael by storm)
        "... To this day, the troops are camped around the city; their number on the 6th day was multiplied by the arrival Fanagoria Granodersky regiment and one hundred and fifty muskater of Absheron with several Don Cossacks and Arnauts ...
        ... in the first of them, under the command of Major General and Knight of Lvov, the first battalion of the Belarusian Jaeger Corps was appointed, two battalions of the Phanagoria Granodersky regiment and one hundred and fifty musketeers regiment of Apsheronsky in the command of Colonel Prince Lobanov of Rostov; rest two battalions of the Fanagoria regiment were assigned to this column "
        The name of the Phanagoria regiment was temporarily "lost" in the reign of Paul I:
        October 31, 1798 - named after the Grenadier Major General Zherebtsov Regiment
        September 27, 1799 - named after the Grenadier Major General Mamaev Regiment
        March 29, 1801 - The name of the Phanagoria Grenadier Regiment was returned.

        R.S. The numbering of the regiments was adopted in the Russian army only in 1864. It was then that the Phanagorians became the 11th Phanagorian grenadier.
    2. Civil
      Civil 14 December 2020 07: 09
      +4
      Suvorov did not suffer from sentimentality:
      “You take the camp - everything is yours, you take the fortress - everything is yours”.
  2. Sofa batyr
    Sofa batyr 14 December 2020 05: 02
    +8
    Alexander Suvorov at that time with his detachment stood in Byrlad, 100 miles from Ishmael, and languished with idleness.

    It is difficult to come up with a more capacious characteristic for a person, a commander of irrepressible energy.
    "Hard to learn, easy to fight", these are the words that define Suvorov's vision of the army's activities both in peacetime and in war.
    Tireless training, activity, swiftness of action - this is the guarantee of Suvorov's victories ...

    Russian genius, innovator.
  3. svp67
    svp67 14 December 2020 06: 18
    +4
    Several defectors informed the Turkish command of the preparation of the Russian attack.
    From the Zaporozhye Cossacks ... it turns out that not only the Turks considered Izmail impregnable ...
    1. Sofa batyr
      Sofa batyr 14 December 2020 06: 35
      +2
      Quote: svp67
      From the Zaporozhye Cossacks ... it turns out that not only the Turks considered Izmail impregnable ...

      Well, there was always enough makhorka with dope in the heads of the Little Russians, both then and now.

      Straight - a historical projection from the past to the present ...
    2. Andobor
      Andobor 14 December 2020 17: 55
      +3
      П
      Quote: svp67
      From the Zaporozhye Cossacks ... it turns out that not only the Turks considered Izmail impregnable ...

      Half of the Cossacks were on the side of the Turks.
      1. svp67
        svp67 14 December 2020 18: 57
        +5
        Quote: Andobor
        Half of the Cossacks were on the side of the Turks.

        In this case, a small half, against seven thousand Zaporozhians at Suvorov, about five hundred at the Turks, and yes there they were already considered "trans-Danube"
    3. Normal ok
      Normal ok 14 December 2020 18: 01
      -7
      Quote: svp67
      Several defectors informed the Turkish command of the preparation of the Russian attack.
      From the Zaporozhye Cossacks ... it turns out that not only the Turks considered Izmail impregnable ...

      It is clear that for the sake of the "current agenda" you can write anything you want (the paper will endure). Yes, only the Black Sea (former Zaporozhye, - future Kuban) Cossacks played a major role in the storming of Izmail.
      1. svp67
        svp67 14 December 2020 19: 04
        +5
        Quote: Normal ok
        Yes, only the Black Sea (former Zaporozhye, - future Kuban) Cossacks played a major role in the storming of Izmail.

        Yeah, and WHAT? They stood at the guns of those batteries that destroyed their defenses under Turkish fire? So no. The Cossacks were part of ONE of NINE columns, they were in the column of de Ribas, attacking from the Danube. But this column was not the first to enter the walls and into the city.
        1. Byurer
          Byurer 15 December 2020 20: 22
          +1
          There are also documents, in particular "Paintings of those who distinguished themselves by courageous exploits at the assault on Izmail." So in the lists half of the troops of the loyal Chernomorets and the Yekaterinoslav Cossack army
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 14 December 2020 08: 22
    -4
    The assault on Suvorov is the most famous assault on Izmail, but far from the only one.

    The Russian troops took him .. FOUR times! And they stormed much more ...

    .In 1770, BEFORE Suvorov, Russian troops punder the command of Nikolai Repnin have already taken the fortress of Izmail. However, after the end of the war in 1774, in accordance with the terms of the Kucuk-Kainardzhi peace treaty, the fortress was returned to Turkey.

    Thirteen years later, a new Russian-Turkish war began. In 13 Repnin tried to take the city again, but the assault ended in failureth. On December 11 (22), 1790, the fortified fortress, which was considered impregnable by that time, was taken by storm Alexander Suvorov..
    The most offensive thing is that next year, according to the Yassy Treaty, the city will was returned to the Ottoman Empire. Those. such a resounding victory ended in nothing.

    In 1806, there wereunsuccessful siege and storming of Ishmael by Russian troops under the command of the Duke of Richelieu... In 1807 the Russian general Ivan Mikhelson also unsuccessfully stormed Ishmael... September 14, 1809 the city is taken by Russian troopscommanded by General Zass.
    On April 13, 1877 Izmail was taken by Russian troops for the fourth time and became Russia, until 1918, when it was made again not Russia by internal enemies.

    the monument to Suvorov in the photo is a monument from Romania, where he stood in honor of the victory near Rymnik. In WWI he was evacuated and ended up in Izmail
    1. Alexander Suvorov
      Alexander Suvorov 14 December 2020 10: 44
      +18
      Olgovich (Andrey)
      On April 13, 1877, Izmail was taken by Russian troops for the fourth time and became Russia, until 1918, when it was made NON-Russia again by internal enemies.
      I believe that you cannot even eat until you kick the oaths of the Bolsheviks ?! You probably have bad digestion from an excess of bile, which is why you constantly farts into a puddle? laughing
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 14 December 2020 11: 11
        -5
        Quote: Alexander Suvorov
        I believe that you cannot even eat until you kick the oaths of the Bolsheviks ?!

        FACT provided. On the topic of the article about Ishmael.

        Quote: Alexander Suvorov
        You from surplus bile probably with bad digestion

        Judging by your very detailed knowledge is not a problem for me. yes
        Quote: Alexander Suvorov
        constantly farts into a puddle?

        Osya Bender vis-a-vis: "You touch me, Kisa! But what urak gave you three rubles, I would like to know? "(C) belay lol
    2. Deniska999
      Deniska999 14 December 2020 12: 50
      -4
      Yes gag with this Ishmael, why sigh for the past.
    3. Serg koma
      Serg koma 14 December 2020 18: 35
      +4
      Quote: Olgovich
      The Russian troops took him .. FOUR times!

      Have you forgotten, or don't you consider it a Russian victory?
      Order of the Supreme Commander
      26 August 1944 year
      [No. 176]
      General of the Army Tolbukhin

      The troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, developing the offensive, today, on August 26, stormed the regional center of Ukraine, the city and fortress of Izmail - an important stronghold of the enemy's defense in the lower Danube.

      The troops of Lieutenant General Shlemin, Major General Kolchuk, Lieutenant Colonel Zavyalov distinguished themselves in the battles for the capture of the city and fortress of Izmail; artillerymen of Colonel-General of Artillery Nedelin, Colonel Trekhnov, Major Gorokhov; tankmen of Lieutenant General of the Tank Forces Sukhoruchkin, Colonel Rumyantsev, Lieutenant Colonel Mukhin, Major Shevkin; pilots of Colonel-General of Aviation Sudets; sappers of Major General of Engineering Troops Ignatov, Colonel Puzevsky, Colonel Marenno; signalmen of Colonel Yegorov, Colonel Katkov.

      To commemorate the victory, the formations and units that distinguished themselves most in the battles for the capture of the city and the fortress of Izmail, should be submitted for the assignment of the name "Izmail" and for rewarding with orders.

      Today, August 26, at 22 pm, the capital of our Motherland, Moscow, on behalf of the Motherland, salutes the valiant troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, which captured the city and the fortress of Izmail, with twenty artillery volleys from two hundred and twenty-four guns.

      For excellent military operations, I declare gratitude to the troops led by you, who participated in the battles for the liberation of Ishmael.

      Eternal glory to the heroes who fell in the battles for freedom and independence of our country!

      Death to the German invaders!

      Supreme Commander-in-Chief

      Marshal of the Soviet Union I. STALIN

      August 26, 1944 [No. 176]


      For the feats committed by the soldiers and officers during the liberation of Ishmael, many units received honorary title "Izmail"
      Let's remember the heroes:
      51st Perekop division
      5th Separate Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade
      866th Izmail Fighter Aviation Regiment
      176th Guards Rifle Izmail Regiment
      1201st Izmail self-propelled artillery regiment
      995th Attack Aviation Izmail Regiment
      311th Guards Rifle Izmail Regiment
      53rd separate motorcycle Izmail regiment
      97th Guards Aviation Izmail Regiment of Night Bombers
      116th Izmail Fighter Aviation Regiment
      17th Izmail border regiment of the NKVD

      Monument to the Unknown Soldier and a common grave of the soldiers-liberators of the Soviet Army who died during the liberation of Izmail.
      On August 26, 1944, a solemn fireworks were fired in Moscow to commemorate the liberation of Izmail.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 15 December 2020 10: 54
        +1
        Quote: Serg Koma
        Have you forgotten, or don't you consider it a Russian victory?

        Uel, yes! yes

        The first is the Newest History, and the article is about the New Time.

        Yes, and show the mention of Russia in the order: there is some ... "Ukraine"mentioned.

        Where is this former Russian city, thanks to the anti-Russian, and is and where Russophobia is blooming today.

        And second: storms fortress there were exactly 4: in 1944 her did not exist, it was completely destroyed / blown up by the Russians. in the 19 century
        1. Serg koma
          Serg koma 15 December 2020 13: 03
          +1
          Quote: Olgovich
          ... Where is this former Russian city .... there is some kind of ... "Ukraine" is mentioned

          So don't worry laughing
          the fortress was returned to Turkey.
          was returned to the Ottoman Empire again.
          for the fourth time and became Russia
          Gentlemen are returning the conquered by the White Guards (in their essence) and liberalistic citizens admitted to ruling the country. am
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 15 December 2020 13: 39
            -1
            Quote: Serg Koma
            So don't worry


            How so?
            "The ashes of Klaas are knocking on my heart"!
            Quote: Serg Koma
            Gentlemen are returning the conquered by the White Guards (in essence) and liberalistic citizens admitted to ruling the country
            STEALED from Russia ITS Russian cities - "comrades".
            And nobody else.
  5. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 14 December 2020 09: 56
    +2
    Suvorov is the pride of Russia.
    He enjoyed indisputable authority among the soldiers, but he was needed at the top when his "ass was on fire."
    1. Normal ok
      Normal ok 14 December 2020 18: 10
      0
      Quote: smith 55
      Suvorov is the pride of Russia.
      He enjoyed indisputable authority among the soldiers, but he was needed at the top when his "ass was on fire."

      Suvorov was called to lead the storming of Ishmael because of internal intrigues and personal hostility between the generals. He was appointed as a unifying figure. Although de Ribas had previously insisted on the need for an assault. But the cousin of the "Most High Prince" - Pavel Potemkin had a conflict with him.
      1. Minato2020
        Minato2020 24 December 2020 03: 20
        0
        Quote: Normal ok

        ... Suvorov was summoned to lead the storming of Ishmael because of internal intrigues and personal hostility between the generals. He was appointed as a unifying figure ...


        ... the contours of a secret special operation appear before us. Naturally, direct documentary evidence has not survived. If we choose the "classical" interpretation, the storming of Ishmael will remain a set of absurdities. If we accept the version offered by the author, almost everything becomes clear. The circle of the main characters is easily delineated: Potemkin, Suvorov, Kutuzov, de Ribas. The level of awareness and the role of other military leaders will become clearer in the course of events ...
        ... A significant difficulty was caused by keeping the preparation of the special operation secret from foreign advisers and other spies. During the assault on Ochakov, Potemkin was convinced what a nosy and persistent brotherhood they were, but their presence was completely inappropriate near Ishmael. Historians point out that Suvorov suddenly stopped appearing at Potemkin's headquarters, but several times went near Yassy to visit the retired Field Marshal Rumyantsev. Count Zadunaisky for some reason did not go to his estate near Kiev. Pyotr Alexandrovich, you see, took a fancy to the rural courtyard of some Moldovan peasant woman, and he settled there almost in a shed. And Suvorov went there to see him to pay respect to the teacher and demonstrate the opposite to Potemkin.
        And not only went, but also sent copies of combat reports.
        All this historians honestly describe, leaving no comment. Say, nothing special, a normal army madhouse (then they will describe the same madhouse near Izmail: having an order to take the fortress, General Gudovich will allegedly dismiss everyone to their homes). Logic suggests that a conspiratorial headquarters was set up at Rumyantsev's "khatynka", preparing a decisive operation. Suvorov went there to meet Potemkin, and did not send copies of the reports, but real reports, while on the official line - dispatches in the spirit of "Suvorov" jokes.

        https://yuri-p.livejournal.com/8780.html
  6. Petrik66
    Petrik66 14 December 2020 10: 02
    +3
    And enlighten: why for such a victory, Suvorov was bypassed with awards? After all, the assignment of the lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment is an extremely honorary title,
    does not correspond to the scale of what was done.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 11: 19
      +2
      Quote: Petrik66
      And enlighten: why for such a victory, Suvorov was bypassed with awards?

      Potemkin envied him. After the assault, he asked Suvorov what to reward him with. He flared up and replied rather harshly that no one except the Empress could reward him. And he left the palace. Potemkin himself was a field marshal. His Serene Highness got angry. And Ekaterina Potemkina listened.
      1. Konstantin Shevchenko
        Konstantin Shevchenko 15 December 2020 10: 36
        -3
        Suvorov served the Holy Roman Empire, this is the most important thing in his biography. Everything else is an attempt to pull the owl. He even disdained to call himself Russian, a hare, a joker. He was the Count of the SRI, the prince of the SRI, received the Generalissimo of the SRI, not the Russian Empire. I studied in the USSR and we were told how cruelly the people were treated for Pugachev. About Izmailov it is not told how the Turks themselves killed and drowned their wives and children, is that why not a single Turk left? You can do your own? And here at Samsonov Suvorov is a kind uncle, like his father. Gathered Russophobes and singing odes to each other. And by the way, the ethnic population of the fortress?
        1. Minato2020
          Minato2020 24 December 2020 02: 56
          +1
          Quote: Konstantin Shevchenko

          Suvorov served the Holy Roman Empire, this is the most important thing in his biography. Everything else is an attempt to pull the owl ...


          A little about an alternative view of the capture of Ishmael
          https://yuri-p.livejournal.com/8780.html
    2. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 14 December 2020 11: 25
      +5
      Quote: Petrik66
      After all, the assignment of the lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment is an extremely honorary title,
      does not correspond to the scale of what was done.

      And Peter 1 was a colonel there at one time. Menshikov became a lieutenant colonel.
    3. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 14 December 2020 12: 39
      +3
      He counted on a field marshal, was healthy and ambitious, all his life in the army, to be subordinate to ... a weaker military talent. Received a field marshal after Potemkin's death, for the suppression (pacification) of Poland. Kind of like his words: "Ishmael ruined me, Poland has risen." I cannot vouch for the accuracy, but the meaning is the same. After the death of Catherine and the ascension of Paul, he lamented the fact that the general-field marshal was assigned to the 9th.
    4. Andrey Krasnoyarsky
      Andrey Krasnoyarsky 14 December 2020 12: 49
      +4
      But Potemkin, who had nothing to do with the capture of Ishmael, received a uniform decorated with gold and diamonds worth 200 thousand rubles of that time, a palace and an obelisk was erected in his honor. Suvorov also received the decorative rank of lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment and a commemorative medal, which was given to all participants in the assault. This is despite the fact that all the commanders of the columns received orders - to whom St. Vladimir, to whom - St. George. Kutuzov received George 3rd degree. But the one who led the assault was left without an order at all. It's just that Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin appropriated the glory of the winner of Izmail to himself, and Suvorov appeared to be on the sidelines. However, Russian history awarded Alexander Vasilyevich the title of a great commander, which is higher than any order, and Potemkin is already a judge.
    5. Normal ok
      Normal ok 14 December 2020 17: 47
      -5
      Quote: Petrik66
      And enlighten: why for such a victory, Suvorov was bypassed with awards? After all, the assignment of the lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment is an extremely honorary title,
      does not correspond to the scale of what was done.

      Are you asking or do you know the answer yourself?
    6. Serg koma
      Serg koma 14 December 2020 19: 05
      +2
      Quote: Petrik66
      Suvorov was bypassed with awards


    7. The comment was deleted.
    8. Minato2020
      Minato2020 24 December 2020 03: 21
      0
      Quote: Petrik66
      And enlighten: why for such a victory, Suvorov was bypassed with awards? After all, the assignment of the lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment - an extremely honorable rank, does not correspond to the scale of what has been done.


      A little about the award list




      https://yuri-p.livejournal.com/8780.html
  7. mr.ZinGer
    mr.ZinGer 14 December 2020 10: 06
    +4
    There are a lot of typos and grammatical errors.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 14 December 2020 12: 24
      +2
      Even more inaccuracies in the description of the assault. For example, the Author indicates three assault columns. In reality, there were six of them only from the side of the land border of the fortress.
      1. Normal ok
        Normal ok 14 December 2020 17: 48
        -3
        Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Even more inaccuracies in the description of the assault. For example, the Author indicates three assault columns. In reality, there were six of them only from the side of the land border of the fortress.

        Above I have already written in more detail - not an article but a popular print.
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 14 December 2020 18: 33
          +1
          Temnikov noticed!
        2. Minato2020
          Minato2020 24 December 2020 03: 30
          0
          Quote: Normal ok

          Above I have already written in more detail - not an article but a popular print.


          ... What happened next? Let me briefly recall the canonical version. Having won a stunning victory, Suvorov arrived to report to Potemkin in Yassy (according to K. Osipov and A. Shishov - in Bendery). The commander-in-chief was preparing a ceremonial reception for the hero, but Suvorov, true to his custom of eccentricity, drove up unnoticed. His Serene Highness cordially met the guest, kissed him on the stairs and asked how to reward the general for such a great feat. Suvorov suddenly puffed up and answered: I, they say, did not come here to bargain, and only God or Mother Ekaterina can reward me. After such words, it was all over between the commanders, Potemkin harbored and took revenge. According to V. Lopatin, on the contrary, Potemkin, as usual, showed generosity and presented his subordinate to quite decent awards. Be that as it may, instead of participating in the celebrations on the occasion of the Izmail Victoria, Suvorov, its creator, went to inspect fortresses in Finland.

          Such an anecdote was first published, and anonymously, in 1817, and since then has become the main and only (!) Argument for the scholars of the suvor. How the same events were explained before 1817, that is, almost 27 years, is now unknown. Probably not. One renaming of Izmail into Tuchkov already says a lot. Monument, museum, Suvorov Avenue, Suvorov School, Suvorovo town, Izmail district - these are all honors of the Soviet era.
          Suvorov's behavior (according to the anecdote on which the traditional point of view is based only) looks psychologically unreliable. The great triumphant, who just fits a bag for awards, for no reason is rude to his field marshal, the president of the Military Collegium and so on. But you and I know (and even more so, Suvorov and Potemkin) that there was no triumph - there was a failure of the special operation, therefore the meeting of its main organizers took place in a different key. We didn’t share awards, we shared responsibility.
          After the capture of Ishmael, our heroes had to pause, wait to see if their idea would work or not. Suvorov was waiting in Galati, Potemkin - in Bendery, and from December 25 - in Yassy. If successful, His Serene Highness Prince Tauride was going to visit Izmail as the victorious commander-in-chief. Kutuzov, the commandant, was preparing to meet him. I think Suvorov would personally give the solemn report, after which he would receive a field marshal's baton and other laurel and diamond regalia. In passing, I will note that those who believe that there are no more awards for Suvorov are wrong, since he collected all Russian orders even before Izmail. Breast portrait of the reigning emperor - Suvorov did not have this especially valuable award. Potemkin had it. Then Suvorov also appeared, only with the image of not Catherine II, but Paul I.
          The moment of truth has come: Turkey continued to fight ...


          https://yuri-p.livejournal.com/9208.html
      2. mr.ZinGer
        mr.ZinGer 14 December 2020 19: 47
        +1
        It's like what I read, then I retold ...
        But in the Word, you can check the text, or Zarathustra does not allow ...
      3. Marine engineer
        Marine engineer 14 December 2020 22: 41
        +1
        “Even more inaccuracies in the description of the assault. For example, the Author indicates three assault columns ... "

        The article mentions 9 assault columns.
  8. faterdom
    faterdom 14 December 2020 11: 18
    0
    Quote: Mordvin 3
    The monastery was taken by storm. The priest complained to the Synod.

    An example of the direct benefits of religion, in spite of atheists.
    And the rigidities of "professional" interpreters and "guides". The priest was lucky to participate in a historical event, and he was to complain!
    So the question is, who is more useful for the faith and for the people: Suvorov, or a priest, even with the Synod together? Synod is not Sinop, but chatting was much easier then than doing.
  9. BAI
    BAI 14 December 2020 13: 21
    +2
    Received the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment (became the 11th such lieutenant colonel). And Potemkin received a field marshal's uniform embroidered with diamonds worth 200 thousand rubles

    As always, then and now - the punishment of the innocent, the rewarding of the innocent.
  10. Minato2020
    Minato2020 24 December 2020 03: 25
    0
    A bit of an alternative from the internet.


    The assault on Izmail is a unique operation in A.V. Suvorov. The fighting under his leadership at Turtukai, Girsov and Kinburn were tactical in nature. Undoubtedly, the Kinburn victory was of operational importance, but the battle itself was an ordinary "charmitel", that is, a skirmish. General-in-chief Suvorov fought in the midst of soldiers and was wounded twice. This is not a military leader's business, although glorious. Sometimes. Another similar skirmish, already near Ochakovo, did not bring success. Suvorov lost many people and, under the pretext of being lightly wounded, left the battlefield.

    The first real operation of Suvorov took place at Kozluj, during the previous Turkish war. The commanders were two lieutenant generals - Suvorov and Kamensky (Mikhail Fedotovich Kamensky - later Field Marshal, Count). Glory had to be shared. Divided as follows: Kamensky - Georgy 2 classes for Kozludzh and Alexander Nevsky following the war; Suvorov - nothing.

    Focsani and Rymnik are excellent operations, but again not individually, but with the participation of the Austrian allies. Prince of Coburg ("also a winner") instantly took off to the rank of field marshal, and Suvorov had to be showered with awards for prestigious political reasons. As Catherine II put it, “a whole cart of diamonds has been imposed on him” ...


    https://yuri-p.livejournal.com/8780.html