Military Review

Winners are not judged: Suvorov's first triumph over the Turks

40
Winners are not judged: Suvorov's first triumph over the Turks
A. V. Suvorov. Hood. K. I. Rudakov. 1945 g.


“The tsars praised me,” Alexander Suvorov confessed at the end of his life, “the soldiers loved me, my friends were surprised at me, the haters reviled me, they laughed at me at court. I have been at the court, but not a courtier, but Aesop: I spoke the truth with jokes and animal language. "


In a conversation with the captured French General Serurier:

“We Russians,” Suvorov said, “do everything without rules, without tactics. After all, I am not the last eccentric. "

With that, he turned and jumped on one leg. Then he added:

“We are eccentrics; but we beat Poles, Swedes, Turks ”.

Indeed, the great Russian commander was "weird." He loved and appreciated a good joke, he joked himself. He arranged performances in front of the soldiers, crawled like a horse, explaining the tactics of movement. He jumped on the fence and shouted:

"Kukareku!"

So he woke the sleeping officers. He loved to play with children, ride a swing or slide down a slide on a sled. That is, he did not behave like a rich gentleman or a famous commander, or one of the largest nobles of the Russian Empire.

He loved to change into a soldier's uniform and was very happy when he was not recognized. Once a sergeant, sent to the commander with a report, addressed him as if he were a soldier:

“Hey old man! Tell me, where is Suvorov? " “The devil only knows,” said Alexander Vasilyevich. "How! - the courier cried out, - I have an urgent package for him. "Don't give it up," Suvorov replied, "he is now somewhere lying dead drunk, or bawling like a rooster." The sergeant shouted at him: “Pray to God, old man, for your old age! I don't want to dirty my hands on you. You, apparently, are not Russian, since you scold our father and benefactor so much! "

Suvorov fled from the angry soldier. Soon he returned to headquarters and saw this de sergeant there. He recognized the "soldier" and began to ask for forgiveness. And Suvorov says to this:

"You proved your love for me in practice: you wanted to beat me up for me!"

And he presented this soldier with a glass of vodka.

Danube


After the Polish campaign, Alexander Suvorov was sent to the Swedish border, where he was engaged in the inspection and strengthening of fortresses. Meanwhile, Russia was at war with Turkey. The Russian army at the Danube theater was commanded by Pyotr Rumyantsev. The Turkish army was defeated in the war. Russian troops occupied the Wallachian and Moldavian principalities, Crimea.

In the spring of 1772, Rumyantsev and the Grand Vizier Mehmed Pasha agreed on an armistice. Almost all of 1772 and the beginning of 1773, peace negotiations took place in Focsani and Bucharest. However, the Turks did not agree to the main demand of St. Petersburg - the recognition of the independence of the Crimea from the Port. In the spring of 1773, hostilities resumed. The government demanded decisive action and an offensive across the Danube. Rumyantsev asked to strengthen the army.

On April 4, 1773, Suvorov was assigned to the active army, which he had asked for for two years. He arrived in Iasi before the highest order for his appointment arrived there by courier. Rumyantsev greeted the general coldly. He knew very well that decisive action was expected from him in the capital. Suvorov (after the battles) was the personification of determination and initiative. He believed that a lot can be achieved with small forces. Rumyantsev appointed him to the 2nd division of Saltykov, whose headquarters were located in Bucharest.

On May 4, Suvorov was in Bucharest and received a small detachment (about 2 thousand people) at the Negoesti monastery, 10 miles from the Danube. That is, he, the hero of the war in Poland, was given the role of a simple colonel. In fact, they were sent to the most advanced positions of the army, but with such small forces that Alexander Suvorov could not do anything serious.

However, Suvorov did not lose heart. On the right bank of the Danube (opposite the Oltenitz) there was an enemy fortress Turtukay. The Turkish garrison numbered 4 thousand people. The Russian general was entrusted with the search for Turtukai (reconnaissance), so that in time Rumyantsev could launch an offensive with the main forces.


"Turtukay is taken, and I am there!"


On May 6 (17), 1773, Suvorov arrived in Negoesti. The Astrakhan infantry, Astrakhan carabiner and Cossack regiments were located here. The infantry (Astrakhan) had been familiar to the Major General since 1762, when he temporarily commanded a regiment with the rank of colonel. The general immediately began to teach the soldiers to fight: instead of reviews and marches with the Prussian lines, ꟷ turns and entry, shooting, bayonet attacks and through attacks. Only attack, only assault. Suvorov taught that the soldiers did not take a step back, learn to attack.

On the Ardzhisha River, which flows into the Danube, Suvorov gathered boats to cross the Danube. He appointed experienced rowers from Astrakhan. Then he conducted personal reconnaissance. The right bank of the Danube, occupied by the enemy, was high. The Turks guarded the mouth of the Ardzhishi river, they could fire it from guns. Therefore, the Russian commander decided to cross three versts downstream of the Danube and transported boats there on carts.

There were few people. For reconnaissance in force, Suvorov could only allocate 500 infantry. He asked Saltykov for reinforcements, but he sent only three squadrons of carabinieri, although infantry was needed.

The Turks were ahead of the Russians, they were the first to do reconnaissance. Their cavalry crossed the Danube and tried to make a surprise attack on the Negoesti detachment. However, Suvorov did not sleep. The Cossacks discovered the enemy in time and themselves suddenly launched a flank attack. Dozens of Ottomans were hacked to death, the remnants of the detachment fled across the river. Suvorov decided not to wait (until the enemy comes to his senses from defeat) and immediately pay a return visit.

The operation was scheduled for the night of May 10 (21). The boats quickly moved towards the opposite bank. Soon, the enemy pickets found the Russians and opened fire on them. Then the Turkish battery also opened fire. Russian guns answered from their bank. The Turks tried to stop the landing, but to no avail: they fired in the dark, from a long distance, and never showed good accuracy.

The Astrakhanians successfully landed and lined up in two squares under the command of Colonel Baturin and Lieutenant Colonel Maurinov. Riflemen scattered ahead, reserve behind the main forces. The Russians immediately overturned the enemy post. The Turks fled to their camps in front of the fortress.

Suvorov divided the detachment: Maurinov's column moved to the left flank towards the pasha's camp, in front of which was a battery, and he himself with Baturin's column went along the coast to enter the enemy's flank. The Turks opened fire from the battery. The Astrakhanians bravely withstood the shelling and went into the bayonet. They broke into the battery and killed the enemies. One cannon exploded. The general himself was wounded in the leg.

The Turks fled in panic, their resistance sharply weakened. As a result, the miraculous heroes of Suvorov captured three enemy camps and a fortress during a three-hour battle. Seven hundred Russians defeated four thousand Turks. Our losses - about 200 people, enemy - 1-1,5 thousand people only killed.

The remnants of the Turkish garrison fled to Shumla and Ruschuk. Our troops captured 6 flags, 16 cannons (the heaviest ones were sunk) and 51 ships. The Turtukay fortress was destroyed. All Christians were taken out of the city for resettlement to the Russian side.

Suvorov wrote two reports. Saltykov:

“Your Excellency, We have won! Thank God, glory to us! "

And to Count Rumyantsev:

"Thank God, thank you - Turtukai was taken, and I am there!"

There is a version that the unauthorized operation of Suvorov angered the command, and he received a reprimand. And among the soldiers of Suvorov, a legend was born in general that a military court sentenced him to demotion to soldiers and death. But Empress Catherine II canceled the punishment:

"Winners are not judged."

While the trial is still in progress, the Turks again fortified Turtukai. Rumyantsev ordered a second search. On June 17 (28), he again took the enemy fortress, despite the numerical superiority of the enemy (2 thousand Russians against 4 thousand Turks). For these successes, the Major General was awarded the Order of St. George 2nd degree.


Corporal and sergeant of the grenadier company of the infantry regiment. 1763ꟷ1786

Defense of Girsovo


Rumyantsev transferred Suvorov to the reserve corps, and then as commandant in Girsovo. It is a city occupied by the Russians on the right bank of the Danube. Rumyantsev's army during the offensive defeated the enemy's field army in all battles. But she could not build on her success and take Silistria. Rumyantsev withdrew his troops across the Danube. The commander-in-chief justified himself by a lack of forces and supply problems.

The Turks organized a counteroffensive, one of the strikes was directed at Girsovo. On the night of September 3 (14), 1773, the 10-thousandth Turkish corps (4 thousand infantry and 6 thousand cavalry) appeared at Girsovo. In the morning the Turks approached the fortress for a cannon shot and waited for the approach of all forces.

Suvorov had 3 thousand people. True to his tactics, the Russian commander intended to wait for the full concentration of all the enemy's forces and settle the matter with one crushing blow. The Ottomans, trained by French advisers, formed in three lines, with cavalry on the flanks.

To give the enemy courage, Suvorov sent the Cossacks to attack, ordered them to turn to feigned flight after the firefight. The Cossacks did just that. The Turks finally became bolder, set up batteries and opened fire on the forward Russian field fortification - the trench. The Russian guns did not respond. Deceived by this, believing that the enemy was weak and frightened, the Turks rushed into a decisive attack. They were greeted with buckshot, rifle volleys. The field was littered with dead and wounded.

Suvorov led his soldiers out of the field fortification and struck with bayonets. The brigade of Andrei Miloradovich (father of Suvorov's associate in Italy, the future hero of the Patriotic War of 1812) struck the enemy's right flank. And the Russian cavalry was in the center, where the enemy infantry was. Unable to withstand the powerful onslaught, the Ottomans fled. Our cavalry pursued the enemy until the horses were completely exhausted. Our losses ꟷ about 200 people, Turkish ꟷ from 1 to 2 thousand people only killed. The Russians captured all the guns and the train. Rumyantsev thanked Suvorov for the victory.

Kozludzhi


Both armies retreated to winter quarters. Suvorov received leave and left for Moscow, to his father. Vasily Suvorov insisted on getting married. In January 1774, Alexander Vasilyevich married Princess Varvara Ivanovna, daughter of Prince Ivan Andreevich Prozorovsky and his wife Maria Mikhailovna (from the Golitsyn family). The marriage did not work out. Varvara was spoiled, did not accept the simple life of her husband. Apparently, she cheated on her constantly absent husband. As a result, Suvorov broke off relations with his wife.

In the spring of 1774, Alexander Suvorov was promoted to lieutenant general and returned to the active army. Rumyantsev planned to develop an offensive against Shumla and occupy the territory from the Danube to the Balkans. The offensive was led by Kamensky's 3rd division and Suvorov's reserve corps. A total of about 24 thousand bayonets and sabers.

Kamensky's troops crossed the Danube in April, took Karasu in May, and Bazardzhik in June. Kamensky went to Shumla. Suvorov ꟷ from Girsovo and went to Bazardzhik, where he joined with Kamensky. Meanwhile, the 40-strong Turkish army under the command of Haji-Abdzl-Rezak took a position at Kozludzhi, closing the way to Shumla.

On June 9 (20), 1774, the battle of Kozludja took place. On the way to Kozludzha, Suvorov met a strong detachment of Turkish cavalry, he hastily retreated. The Russian cavalry pursued the enemy, emerged from a close forest defile (a narrow passage in a hard-to-reach place) into an open plain and then ran into a large enemy force. The Ottomans tried to cut off and destroy our cavalry. The Cossacks, who were in the vanguard, quickly retreated.

Infantry was brought forward to help our cavalry. The Russian cavalry successfully retreated, and the enemy was met by infantry. Before the formidable wall of Russian bayonets, the enemy turned back. In the narrow forest road, the Russians and Turks could use only insignificant forces. In the Russian vanguard there were two battalions of rangers and one battalion of grenadiers. Then the advance detachment was reinforced with another battalion of rangers. They were personally commanded by Suvorov.

Alexander Suvorov led the troops on the offensive. Coming out of the defile, he repulsed several enemy attacks. Then the artillery approached. For three hours our batteries smashed enemy positions. Suvorov again went to their assault and captured the heights. The cavalry (due to the very rough terrain) could not get around the enemy. The Turks were able to retreat to the camp near Kozludzha.

Suvorov pulled up the guns again and opened fire. The Ottomans fell into panic, abandoning their guns, baggage train and all property, and fled. 107 banners and 29 guns were captured. The Turkish army lost up to 3 thousand people, the Russian - more than 200 people.

Suvorov's actions led to the victory of the Russian army. However, Kamensky presented everything in such a way that the honor of Victoria belongs to him. Alexander Vasilyevich suggested immediately (until the enemy woke up) to go to Shumla. But Kamensky did not support this idea.

The victory at Kozludja became the crown not only of the campaign of 1774, but of the entire war. The Ottomans were demoralized and could no longer continue the war.

In July 1774, the Kuchuk-Kainardzhiyskiy Peace Treaty was signed.
Author:
Photos used:
https://runivers.ru/, https://ru.wikipedia.org/
40 comments
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  1. polpot
    polpot 3 December 2020 06: 41
    +11
    Genius in one word.
    1. Alexander Suvorov
      Alexander Suvorov 3 December 2020 13: 05
      +30
      Not just a genius, but a nugget of the Russian land! Such military talent has never been found in any other army in the world in the history of mankind. Give more than 60 battles and not suffer a single defeat. Moreover, in all (well, or practically all) battles, Suvorov had fewer troops than the enemy, sometimes VERY much fewer. If it were not for the betrayal of the Austrians, Suvorov would have reached Paris and probably there would have been no Napoleon's invasion of Russia.
      In general, Russia was very lucky in the 18th century, Katya was a wise ruler and knew how to select personnel, Potemkin was an outstanding manager, Suvorov was a genius commander, and Ushakov had no equal at sea. Hence the golden age of Catherine, a talented person managed to surround himself with talented assistants. Although there were sycophants, he took root, lackeys and other abominations were enough, but in which country and when was it different?
      1. Xnumx vis
        Xnumx vis 3 December 2020 17: 18
        -4
        Quote: Alexander Suvorov
        Katya was a wise ruler and knew how to select personnel, Potemkin was an outstanding manager, Suvorov was a genius commander, and at sea there was no equal to Ushakov. Hence the golden age of Catherine, a talented person managed to surround himself with talented assistants.

        And unlike the rest of the Russian and USSR rulers, she was not afraid that these people would take her place. For example, Georgy Zhukov, after wars and coups, was rapidly pushed into the darkest corner! Female ! And wise! Maybe because she was a great woman?
        1. My doctor
          My doctor 3 December 2020 17: 55
          +6
          Quote: 30 vis
          For example, after wars and coups, Georgy Zhukov was quickly pushed into the darkest corner

          After the war, Zhukov himself did not quite treat the others correctly.
          1. Xnumx vis
            Xnumx vis 3 December 2020 21: 23
            -4
            Rather, they were afraid to death of him. These others. They feared his authority in the army, people's glory and strength, so they were exiled to the Urals! And if they were afraid, then they were not sure of themselves.
            1. Alexander Suvorov
              Alexander Suvorov 3 December 2020 23: 41
              +24
              Was Stalin not sure of himself? Nikita the maize, this stinking louse is illiterate, so he was really afraid of Zhukov, knowing full well that, compared to Zhukov, he was no one to call him, but Stalin was hardly afraid of Zhukov, rather he wanted to show the completely presumptuous marshal his true place and did the right thing ... By the end of the war, Zhukov's real megalomania developed ad infinitum. Without diminishing his military merits, I must say that Zhukov generally went crazy when he began to take out trophies in wagons, this does not in any way paint the Victory Marshal, and just a Soviet person. Plus his political shortsightedness, do not support Zhukov in his time crushing paskuda, then perhaps the USSR would still exist if it continued to follow the Stalinist course.
              I don’t know about you, but I have claims to Zhukov above the roof, but I repeat in no way I want to cast a shadow on his military genius that it was that!
          2. Vladimir247
            Vladimir247 4 December 2020 03: 45
            +3
            I agree about Zhukov. It is enough to read the protocols of the search at his dacha. Hundreds of pairs of shoes, hundreds of meters of fabric, in general ... he is still a figure. Wouldn't the Motherland have sewed a uniform for him? Not Rokossovsky. It is clear why Stalin raised him up. Russian. But it would be better if we endured the Pole as a symbol of Victory, while Zhukov's human qualities were clearly not up to par. Unfortunately.
            But Rokossovsky, he said to Khrushchev, when he was persuaded to slander Stalin: Nikita Sergeevich, Stalin is a saint for me. He was an honest and courageous man. You cannot say that about Zhukov.
        2. aleksejkabanets
          aleksejkabanets 4 December 2020 01: 52
          +3
          Quote: 30 vis
          After the wars and coups, Georgy Zhukov was quickly pushed into the darkest corner!

          Why don't you know? Cases about German "trophies", and he was not the only one to be noted for such intemperance.
        3. ecolog
          ecolog 4 December 2020 07: 02
          +1
          They could not take her place, except to marry her. And that is unlikely, simple nobles, not aristocracy. Never the Romanovs. But the real ones who had the right to do so were killed - John Antonovich, Peter III.
          Catherine herself was still a contender, but she is at least the wife of the emperor. Who would be Potemkin or Suvorov in the eyes of the country?
        4. zenion
          zenion 10 January 2021 21: 12
          0
          30 vis (Yuri). So she didn't care if the prince robbed the people, robbed and so on. And Stalin had something different, Stalin built a state that heaped all over Europe.
      2. Kronos
        Kronos 4 December 2020 01: 07
        +2
        Why, for example, Admiral Li Sun Xin won dozens of battles without suffering a single defeat. The Mongols had Uryankhats Subedei also won 60 battles and more than one defeat.
        1. Krasnoyarsk
          Krasnoyarsk 6 December 2020 10: 02
          -1
          Quote: Kronos
          Why, for example, Admiral Li Sun Xin won dozens of battles without suffering a single defeat. The Mongols had Uryankhats Subedei also won 60 battles and more than one defeat.

          Where do the firewood come from, dear? From historical novels?
          1. vindigo
            vindigo 25 January 2021 16: 38
            0
            No. This is officially recognized. Korean Admiral Li Sunsin won all naval battles with the Japanese with a small force. There is a monument to him in Seoul and both Koreas have an order named after him. These are their national heroes.
            1. Krasnoyarsk
              Krasnoyarsk 25 January 2021 18: 25
              -1
              Quote: vindigo
              Korean Admiral Li Sunsin won all naval battles with the Japanese with a small force.

              And all these 60 battles are recorded in historical documents with details? I am generally silent about Subedei. It is one thing the legends with which we are dealing in this case, and another thing is the true story of Subedey's victories, about which we know nothing but legends.
              1. vindigo
                vindigo 25 January 2021 22: 34
                0
                Show you the documents of those times directly? Chinese, Japanese and Korean? With your disbelief, you cross out the history of the three states - Japan, China and Korea, the Imjin war and its results. That is, there was no Imjin war? I can also doubt Ushakov's victories.
                1. Krasnoyarsk
                  Krasnoyarsk 25 January 2021 23: 39
                  -1
                  Quote: vindigo
                  With your disbelief, you cross out the history of the three states - Japan, China and Korea, the Imjin war and its

                  Tell me not about the war and the history of the three states. Tell us about 60 victories of Li Sun Xing, documented at least in fairy tales. And about Subedei too.
  2. Catfish
    Catfish 3 December 2020 07: 34
    +10
    However, Kamensky presented everything in such a way that the honor of Victoria belongs to him.

    Whatever Kamensky represents, in our country (and not only) Generalissimo Suvorov is honored and remembered, and no one knows the other Kamensky people, except for narrow specialists who are supposed to know this according to the state. soldier
    1. Korsar4
      Korsar4 3 December 2020 07: 58
      +7
      We also remember Kamensky. We are guided only by Suvorov.

      It is no coincidence that the names of Menshikov, Potemkin, Bezborodko and Suvorov were named among the geniuses of Russia in the XNUMXth century.
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 3 December 2020 08: 34
        +4
        Sergei, I'm not talking about that. Ask a hundred people on the street about Kamensky, who will tell you who they are talking about. I don’t remember him myself, but I must have come across him more than once, well, I couldn’t help but.
        1. Korsar4
          Korsar4 3 December 2020 08: 59
          +8
          Couldn't help getting caught. At least a few times. Together with Suvorov - victory at Kozludzhi.

          Paul I called out of disgrace.

          And already an old man embarrassed in 1806 against the French. I just ran away.
          And death is so-so: he hacked his own serf with an ax.

          Sometimes I look at what people are talking about.
          An eighth-grader daughter on the history of Japan passes. From Shoguns to Meiji Restoration.

          Then everything disappears somewhere. Knowledge that is without love is discarded.
  3. Reviews
    Reviews 3 December 2020 07: 49
    +3
    The victory at Kozludzha became the crown not only of the campaign of 1774, but of the entire war.

    Land theater of war. At the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-74. there was also a maritime theater, where Chesma became the "crown", although there were other glorious deeds. Without the Archipelago Expedition, the Turks had a lot of ships at the World Cup, which would nullify all land successes: why do we need Crimea and access to the World Cup if the Turkish fleet is in charge there?
  4. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 3 December 2020 08: 06
    +8
    Suvorov is a fine fellow, but the author would not hurt to learn how to write normally, not in the style of an auto-translator.
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich 3 December 2020 08: 20
    +4
    A. V. Suvorov:
    "Have mercy God, we are Russians! Let's smash the enemy!
    And victory over him, and victory over treachery - there will be a victory! "
  6. Forcecom
    Forcecom 3 December 2020 09: 22
    +7
    At the end of the 18th century, the following gradation of generals developed in Europe:
    - good generals
    - very good generals
    - generals who beat Suvorov
    soldier
  7. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 3 December 2020 10: 51
    +6
    He jumped on the fence and shouted: "Kukareku!" So he woke the sleeping officers...Who slept under the fence? smile Ie it was impossible just to leave the tent and shout "Kukareka"? Did you have to build a fence? smile Author, you are somehow overdoing it with the image of A.V. Suvorov. Yes, extravagant, but not to the same degree. Yes, he shouted "Kukareku" in exile, in Konchanskoye, but he did not climb the fences of his estate for this. hi
    1. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 3 December 2020 13: 06
      +5
      The author apparently did not find a description of the reasons for the crows of a rooster - there is ... a legend that during the actions in the Kuban, so that the mountaineers could not accurately navigate in relation to the Russian troops, Suvorov issued an order - We perform with the crows of roosters. At night, to deceive the mountaineers, he crowed a rooster himself. There is a river in the Kuban Kochety (Roosters). According to legend, the river got its name precisely because of the cries of a rooster A.V. Suvorov.
      1. Daniil Konovalenko
        Daniil Konovalenko 3 December 2020 13: 12
        -1
        And there, to mislead the mountaineers, jumped on the fence or on the fence? smile
        1. Okolotochny
          Okolotochny 4 December 2020 12: 28
          +1
          Is it the fence (wattle) that rested somewhere?
  8. Merry_Militarist
    Merry_Militarist 3 December 2020 13: 34
    -4
    In honor of this great man, Count and Generalissimo Suvorov, streets in every Russian city and village should be named, and not after all the Uritskys and Voykovs, Lenins, Sverdlovs and Frunze!
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 4 December 2020 01: 08
      -2
      The Uritskys and Voikovs, Lenins, Sverdlovs and Frunze made for the country no less than Suvorov.
      1. Merry_Militarist
        Merry_Militarist 4 December 2020 03: 21
        -2
        The Uritskys and Voykovs, Lenins, Sverdlovs and Frunze made for the country no less than Suvorov

        Voikov - a murderer and a red bandit, or did Uritsky with Yasha Sverdlov and the Russophobe Lenin do as much for the country as Suvorov? Yes you are a fabulous communist

        Talking picture
  9. Grizlo7
    Grizlo7 3 December 2020 14: 23
    +3
    A brief retelling of Grigoriev's book "A. V. Suvorov" .... It is clear that on time. The commander's birthday again .... But really there is nothing to write from yourself?
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 4 December 2020 01: 09
      0
      This is Samsonov, his thoughts about the great Tartary and the Anglo-Saxon conspiracies against Russia.
  10. Vladimir Vladimirovich S
    Vladimir Vladimirovich S 3 December 2020 14: 42
    0
    The genius of strategy and tactics A.V. Suvorov was recognized by many foreign commanders of those, and not only those times ... hi
  11. Region-25.rus
    Region-25.rus 3 December 2020 15: 17
    +8
    Quote: Merry_Militarist
    In honor of this great man, Count and Generalissimo Suvorov, streets in every Russian city and village should be named, and not after all the Uritskys and Voykovs, Lenins, Sverdlovs and Frunze!

    aha. And also the names of Krasnov, Mannerheim, the name of the "Galicia division", Kolchak and other "wonderful" people.
    And let it be to YOU ​​(the victim of EG or even worse) it is known that Suvorov, and Kutuzov, Nakhimov, Alexander Nevsky and other Great people from the pre-Soviet era were apparently fiercely hated by YOU of the USSR. Moreover, these orders were awarded to senior and senior officers as far as I remember. There were and are prospectuses of Kutuzov, Suvorov and other personalities in many cities. There was a cruiser named after MI Kutuzov ... as you can see, the "nasty scoops" remembered the history of Russia, honored her by the Gerovs. And they did not demolish the monuments and did not pervert or rotten the grandfathers-veterans of the war and home front. As is now accepted. And how people like YOU, in their feeble mind, shit on their own history fool
    1. Merry_Militarist
      Merry_Militarist 4 December 2020 04: 12
      -6
      aha. And also the names of Krasnov, Mannerheim, the name of the "Galicia division", Kolchak and other "wonderful" people.

      Well, now the last "red grandfathers" will go underground, bury and sing Ulyanov, disassemble this ugly ziggurat, remove urns with Bolshevik ashes from the Kremlin wall and bury them next to the corpses of their victims, somewhere on the Butovo training ground. And then they will reach the streets. In honor of Admiral Kolchak and Mannerheim, it is certainly necessary to name, in honor of Brusilov, Wrangel and Denikin - these people are the pride of Russia.
      did not demolish monuments and did not pervert or rotten grandfathers

      Is it true? "Victim of the Soviet school" well, let's admire ...

      The Cabinet of the Emperor, after the Bolshevik women visited it ..
      And this, the Exploded Cathedral of Christ the Savior, put on public donations in honor of the victory over Napoleon and in memory of those who died in the Patriotic War of 1812,

      Do not demolish and say grandfathers did not trash? And you, do not poke me, your communism naturally went to the dustbin of history.
  12. Seal
    Seal 3 December 2020 17: 14
    +4
    № 594
    1774 June 14. - PRESENTATION OF P. A. RUMYANTSEV TO CATHERINE II ABOUT THE BATTLE AT KOZLUJI

    Camp in Bulgaria

    Most merciful Empress!

    Upon the departure of my all-subject [report] from this 10th month, I left Brailov the same day and through the night arrived on the bank of the Danube to Gurobaly, where the troops continued their crossing, which on the 13th was safely completed in that part with And since June 12, I myself have been on the local shore, and from here I have the happiness, most merciful Empress, to throw at the sacred feet of your Imperial Majesty the all-subject notification of victories again won over the enemy by the weapon entrusted to me, acting on him, in Bulgaria.

    I informed the previous one that the supreme vizier against our corps, entering the depths of the land of this coast under the command of lieutenant-generals Kamensky and Suvorov, turned his forces from Shumla, therefore the said lieutenant-generals, seeking to meet and attack them, united both corps and in 9 On the XNUMXst day of June, we reached the town of Kozludzhi, engaging before it and then in a fierce battle with the enemy, who strongly took up arms, having, according to the testimony of prisoners, up to fifteen thousand cavalry under the leadership of Abdul Razak, a voyage-efendia of the Ottoman Port, who was the ambassador to the Bukrest Congress , and the infantry up to twenty-five thousand under the command of the Janissary Agi and with five two-bellied pashas, ​​among whom were Abdul, Circassian and Dar. The Turks, with an excellent number of their troops, first mixed part of our cavalry due to the inconvenience of the local place, like a forest and in defile, to act in this way, maintaining their lines and on the occasion of the surface they had taken over the advanced light troops, but a blow from our infantry and artillery, carried out offensively, decided to win in such a way that this corps was completely defeated by the enemy's strong, and the Turks who had surrendered to the run were persecuted for several miles on the road to Shumla and the Guide. I have not yet selected a description of how much is needed to provide all the details about the origin of this case, but I already have reports that the enemy has lost his entire camp with tents and with a great number of all kinds of military shells, new good copper cannons on carriages twenty three, three big and three mortars - a total of twenty-nine artillery pieces, one hundred and seven banners repulsed. Those killed on the enemy side are considered up to five hundred people, and up to a hundred prisoners... And from ours in this case, non-commissioned officers and lower ranks of regular and irregular seventy-five people were killed, Lieutenant Colonel Prince Rateev was seriously wounded in the Sevsky regiment, lieutenant Brant of the Yegar battalion, warrant officer Kharlamov, lieutenant Chernov of the Uglitsky regiment, and one hundred thirty lower ranks.

    Count Peter Rumyantsov

    TsGVIA, f. VUA d. 2011, ll. 251-252, original.
  13. Seal
    Seal 3 December 2020 17: 17
    +2
    № 593
    1774 June 13 - FROM THE JOURNAL OF MILITARY ACTIONS OF THE 1st ARMY ABOUT THE BATTLE AT KOZLUJI 1

    From him, Kamensky, a detailed report was received about the defeat of the enemy at Kozludzh, in which the case is described in this way: on the 9th in the morning, he, Kamensky, with the 3rd division and the reserve corps from his camps, joined up in Yushemla, where he stopped to rest, and then, taking the cavalry from the united corps, he went, Kamenskaya, with Lieutenant-General Suvorov to Kozlichy to inspect the road and the enemy camp. Approaching Bashant, our front line attacked the enemy picket, which was a gnat before the village; and meanwhile, a report was sent from those in front that the enemy was leaving Bashant altogether, why all our cavalry began to hurry insensibly to pursue and therefore were somewhat embarrassed, riding along one not very wide road in a very dense forest on both sides, so that on horseback ride it was impossible in any way. The enemy, having released our leading ones from the defile, suddenly hit our Cossacks, reinforcing their horsemen on foot, and separated the rest of the cavalry along narrow paths to surround our entire corps. The Cossacks, and more Arnauts, unable to withstand this attack, turned their narrow road to our cavalry, which was thus somewhat upset.
    Seeing this, he ordered Kamenskaya, Lieutenant Colonel Bibikov, who was assigned by him to one squadron of a pikeman with Major Prince Vadbolsky and to two squadrons of the Kharkov regiment, to hold this defile for as long [699] it is possible, and back, turning, leave the defile to be built to the right and left of the road in the clearings, which was entrusted from him, Kamensky, to Major General Leviz, which he performed with special quickness.
    Meanwhile, he sent Kamenskaya for the infantry to go to occupy this defile, and at the request of Lieutenant-General Suvorov, as his senior, who wanted to be ahead, ordered part of his infantry to go ahead, and then follow from the third division. Meanwhile, the enemy, having climbed into the forest on foot, attacked the Cossacks from all sides, which is why they were passed through the advanced squadron of Prince Vadbolsky, but this was done with such speed that he was crushed and he himself was knocked off his horse. Of the Kharkov Hussar regiment, the squadron, which was behind this with Lieutenant Colonel Bibikov, managed, however, despite the tightness, to double the platoons and let the pike squadron pass, assisted by being Major Shutovich, and, having received the order, finally retreated to the cavalry from the third division, already built by the Mayrom Levize on either side of the road, and the cavalry of the reserve corps lined up behind the infantry.
    The Turks, pursuing Lieutenant Colonel Bibikov, attacked the cavalry from the third division in these glades from the forest with infantry from all sides, but she did not give up her place to them, but cut down the Janissaries in the forest, wherever they could reach them, until our infantry approached with the general. Major Miloradovich.
    And like the vanguard of the reserve kopus, letting the Cossacks pass, he, Kamenskaya, ordered Lieutenant Colonel Reka with his ranger's battalion to take to the right of the road, and Major Treyden with the granodera battalion, by order of Major General Miloradovich, lined up on the very road; Lieutenant Colonel Baron Fersen was placed to the left of this so that the enemy's path was blocked.
    And when Lieutenant-General Suvorov, who was in front of the Cossacks, arrived at this vanguard, he, Kamenskoy, noticing that the enemy was surrounding them on the left, ordered the vanguard from the third division with Major General Raiser to take to the left of the road and build a lieutenant colonel from the jaeger battalion Meknoba, with which there was also a guard captain Chadayev, a special square, who was ordered to go from the flank and move forward in order to reinforce the left flank of the reserve corps, and between this square and the reserve corps, he ordered one company in two ranks, behind the dense forest, he ordered, Kamenskaya, follow with her loose example Major Neplyuev, which he did. And he joined the reserve corps in the forest, and the infantry brigades lined up behind in two lines, thus securing the left flank; and receiving a report that the cavalry under the command of Major General Leviz on the right side of the road was attacked, he sent Kamenskaya to reinforce her through the forest, the remaining three companies of the Neplyuev battalion under the command of Captain Kudaev of the Navaginsky regiment, ordering him to reinforce the cavalry from the flanks that he also executed the janissary from the forest, and then, being notified that further on the right side, the enemy was reaching into a hollow in order to take our rear, he took the Kamensk, Nevsky regiment and, seizing this hollow, cut off the road to the Turks, through which they turned in the forest.
    During these turns in the forest, the Turks following the road reached the reserve corps, but were immediately repulsed by cannon fire and rifle fire on both sides of the road, and Lieutenant-General Suvorov, who was at that, did not just follow them until they left the defile , but coming out of it, went down to the clearing, where, lining up in brown, went to the enemy. The teams sent from him, Kamensky, to reinforce him followed him, and the cavalry from the third division with Major General Motto did the same after them. Having recognized Kamensky, the reserve corps thus engaged in the case, ordered the rest of him, Kamensky, and the cavalry for reinforcement, which immediately arrived, and two infantry regiments, and himself with their lordships the princes of Golstinsky and Valdeksky, and of the volunteers with Count Robossomi and Ribas, he hurried to the reserve corps at the very time when it, having already left the defile, entered the fire with the enemy, and the square of Major Treyden, located on the right flank, was somewhat oppressed by the Janissaries, who had settled in a dense forest on the right from his side, for which he sent, Kamenskaya, two squadrons of the Moscow regiment under the command of Major Seconds Sivers, which, despite the density of the forest, drove into it and smashed the settled Janissaries ... Then, like a big square, where the general himself was - the lieutenant Suvorov, it became a clean place to move forward, and several field artillery arrived in time under the cover of a granoder with Lieutenant Colonel Koltovsky, then all these squares, with a large leveling up, went forward, and Major Si Versus struck again at the enemy, who had stopped two or three hundred fathoms, and forced him, throwing two cannons, to run, and then all our cavalry rushed after them, but due to the speed of the enemy's run they were forced to get upset, and the enemy was at the last height from Kozlich , having gathered again, held out a little until the approach of the infantry ... And then the cavalry, striking again, drove the Turks to their camp, and Major Sivere with his squadron rode up to the height behind it, where the enemy, although he held on somewhat, but finally Throwing everything, he ran to Shumla and Provoki, having lost 53 prisoners, and he shielded enemy damage, Kamenskaya, up to five hundred people.
    By the declaration of the prisoners, there were up to 25.000 men in this Turkish infantry corps, and up to 15.000 cavalry ... In his reports to his Excellency, Field Marshal General, he praised the zealous labors and courage shown by Lieutenant General Suvorov in this victory, which, as if in front, controlled the attack and the enemy was overturned three times ...

    TsGVIA, f. VUA, d. 2010, ll. 3-9, original.
  14. Konstantin Shevchenko
    Konstantin Shevchenko 3 December 2020 18: 11
    +1
    So was Russia lucky with Suvorov or the Holy Roman Empire? When a story is left unaddressed and something is hidden under the carpet, it’s fake.
  15. Seal
    Seal 4 December 2020 14: 58
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    Quote: Nogov
    It is a pity that he was unlucky to meet with Bonopart.
    Alexander Vasilyevich met with General Moreau. And Napoleon removed this general from France because his military successes were no less than those of Bonaparte himself.