Watchdog "Dagestan" pr. 11661 - the flagship of the Caspian flotilla
The Red Banner Caspian Flotilla is the smallest formation of the Russian Navy, but it solves the problem of protecting one of the most important areas. In recent years, systematic and effective modernization has been carried out, which has made it possible to significantly increase all the main indicators of the flotilla. At the same time, the updating processes are continuing - and in the future they will give new remarkable results.
The basis of the CFL is made up of warships and boats, as well as auxiliary vessels of all main classes. In recent years, the flotilla has received a lot of new pennants of different classes. To date, the share of modern samples in the ship-and-boat structure has been brought to 80%. It is curious that in 2016 its share reached 86%, but then slightly decreased due to natural processes.
The main combat units of the KFL are modern ships with guided missile weapons. These are two patrol boats / corvettes of project 11661 "Gepard", commissioned in 2003 and 2012, as well as three small missile ships of project 21631 "Buyan-M" and a missile boat of project 12411T. There are small artillery ships of project 21630 "Buyan" (3 units), as well as artillery boats of project 1204 (4 units) and 1 boat of project 1400M.
Launch of Caliber missiles by KFL ships
Combat ships and boats carry a variety of weapons. Of greatest interest is the Kalibr-NK missile system with a range of thousands of kilometers. Its potential was demonstrated back in 2015, and since then the number of launch vehicles and deployed missiles has grown significantly.
KFL has a fairly developed amphibious fleet. There are eight landing craft projects 1176, 11770 and 21820 to support the combat work of the marines. At least 7-8 anti-sabotage boats of various types have been put into service. There is a developed grouping of raid and base minesweepers of several projects in the amount of 8 units.
Search and rescue support of the flotilla is assigned to 11 pennants. Among them are several rescue tugs, fire-fighting vessels and offshore diving boats. 15 vessels of all main classes are responsible for logistical support, incl. sea and harbor tugs, tankers and weapons transports. There are hydrographic boats and ships - only 5 units.
The construction of ships, vessels and boats for the KFL continues, and in the near future it is expected that new combat and auxiliary units will be commissioned. In addition, scheduled repairs with restoration or modernization are carried out.
The CFL includes not the most numerous, but rather developed coastal troops. Due to recent changes in the organizational and staff structure and the formation of new units and divisions, it was possible to significantly increase their potential. In addition, previously absent samples entered service with the BV KFl, with the help of which they expanded the range of tasks to be solved.
The largest unit in BV is the 177th Marine Regiment, formed in 2018. It has two battalions stationed in Astrakhan and Kaspiysk. It is armed with modern samples. weapons and technology. The basis of the regiment's fleet of equipment is the BTR-82 amphibious armored personnel carriers.
At the beginning of the year, the 51st separate coastal missile division received a new materiel. Its task is to protect the coast from enemy ships using the Bal missile system. The coastal forces had systems of this class earlier, but a few years ago they were transferred to the Black Sea Fleet. Now there are missile systems on the shores of the Caspian Sea.
In its current form, the Caspian Flotilla is a sufficiently developed and powerful formation of the Navy, capable of solving several key tasks in its region and, what is important, beyond its borders. Both containment and strikes against enemy targets are provided.
Demonstration performances of the Marine Corps
The size of the Russian flotilla, at least, is not inferior to the naval associations of other countries of the Caspian region. At the same time, there are significant advantages in the form of novelty and high characteristics of weapons and equipment, as well as in the form of a high level of personnel training.
The main task of the CFL remains to maintain peace and security in the Caspian Sea region, to protect the maritime borders and the coast of Russia, and with them other nearby regions, from a possible attack. Surface forces and coastal troops are able to detect and destroy in time any strike grouping of third countries in the region.
As practice has already shown, the offensive capabilities of the CFL are of particular importance. Ships carrying cruise missiles, without leaving the Caspian Sea, are capable of attacking targets at ranges of up to 2-2,5 thousand km. Thus, the largest region, from the Middle East to Central Asia, is under the control of corvettes and RTOs.
Coastal troops on exercises
In the wake of recent events, the situation in the Transcaucasus is of particular importance. This region is included in the CFL's area of responsibility, and it is she who will have to respond to aggressive actions of third countries. It is important that the capabilities of the flotilla will make it possible to solve combat missions not only in the region, but also beyond its borders. The target for missiles from the Caspian Sea may be remote facilities of countries intending to advance their interests by destabilizing the situation in the Transcaucasus.
It should be borne in mind that the CFL is not the only component of the Russian armed forces. The Red Banner Black Sea Fleet and many formations of the Southern Military District are also responsible for protecting the southern borders. The well-known events of recent years show their potential - and demonstrate what the armed forces as a whole are capable of.
It should be recalled that CFL turns out to be not only a military but also a diplomatic instrument. The countries of the Caspian region maintain equal international relations, and their fleets contribute to this. KFL ships have repeatedly made friendly visits to foreign ports, and also regularly participate in international maneuvers. Such processes contribute to the reduction of tensions and the growth of trust.
Quality or quantity
For a number of objective reasons, the Caspian Flotilla could never compare with other fleets in terms of the number of ships and vessels or the size of coastal troops. In addition, for a long time its development and renewal were carried out far from being a priority. However, in recent years the situation has changed dramatically.
The Bal coastal missile system is looking for a training target
The CFL remains the smallest formation of the Russian Navy, which affects its appearance and potential. However, opportunities were found for the active development of the flotilla and the build-up of combat capabilities without a significant increase in numbers. In fact, it was in the interests of the CFL that new types of small missile and artillery ships were created, capable of carrying modern and effective weapons.
Despite all the difficulties and problems, in a limited time, it was possible to carry out a massive rearmament of the CFL, bringing the share of modern samples to 80-86 percent. Other measures led to an increase in other key indicators. At the same time, the process of military construction and modernization does not stop. New facilities for various purposes are being commissioned, new divisions are being formed and modern samples are being supplied.
Thus, it is quite easy to predict the future of the Red Banner Caspian Flotilla. In recent years, its appearance and capabilities have changed significantly, and the results achieved will be maintained for the foreseeable future. In addition, new steps of various kinds should be expected, which will again lead to the strengthening of naval forces and coastal forces. CFl will remain small in terms of quantity - but in terms of quality it will meet all the requirements.