Military Review

November 27 - Day of the Russian Marine Corps

44
November 27 - Day of the Russian Marine Corps

On November 27, Russia annually celebrates the Day of the Marine Corps. The professional holiday of all servicemen serving in the marines, as well as people who served in it before, was established by order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy No. 433 of December 19, 1995. The date was not chosen by chance, it was on November 27 (November 16, old style), 1705, that Peter I ordered to create the first "regiment of sea soldiers" in Russia. Thus, in 2020, the marines of the Russian Navy are celebrating their 315th anniversary.


The British are considered the pioneers in amphibious assault: they were the first to practice landings from ships to the shore, although история amphibious assault goes back centuries. In Russia, the first "naval soldiers" appeared even before the decree of Peter I, in 1698 the first team of marines was formed from the crew of the ship "Eagle". Subsequently, the Russian emperor created a whole regiment of "sea soldiers".


During its existence, the Marine Corps has been repeatedly reorganized and even disbanded. After disbandment in 1918, in the USSR, the marines were revived in 1939 and honorably passed the entire Great Patriotic War. The marines played a crucial role in the defense of Leningrad and Moscow, Stalingrad and Odessa, Sevastopol and the naval bases of the Arctic. But most actively the Marines fought on the Black Sea coast. The higher efficiency of the marines was noted in comparison with the rifle units and formations of the ground forces. During the war years, the marines were not only used on land as ordinary infantry units, but also participated in amphibious, reconnaissance, sabotage operations on all fronts.


However, after the war, units and formations of the marines in the Soviet Union were again eliminated. In the mid-1950s, Khrushchev spoke openly about the uselessness of the Marine Corps in modern conditions. Units and formations of the Marine Corps were disbanded, and the officers were sent to the reserve, in 1958 the production of landing ships was discontinued in the Soviet Union.

In the early 60s, the marines were nevertheless revived, and by the early 1970s, the USSR navy consisted of one division, three separate regiments and one separate battalion of marines. By the end of the 70s, the Soviet leadership finally realized the importance and necessity of the existence of formations and units of the marines as part of the country's navy, finally reviving the marines.


During the Soviet Union, "black berets" took part in the Vietnam War, in the wars in Syria and Egypt, Guinea and Angola, Afghanistan and Chechnya.


The collapse of the Soviet Union did not affect the marines. All units of the marines remained in the Russian armed forces. At present, mainly contract soldiers serve in the Marine Corps, and officers of "black berets" are trained at the Far Eastern Higher Combined Arms Command School in Blagoveshchensk and at the Ryazan Higher Airborne Command School. The most modern equipment is being adopted by the Marine Corps, and now the issue of supplying the marines with BMP-3F infantry fighting vehicles is being decided.


Currently, the marines remain a highly combat-capable branch of the military, service in which is very prestigious. The marines have repeatedly confirmed their necessity and high importance for the Russian state and the protection of its interests.

Voennoye Obozreniye congratulates all Russian marines on the holiday!
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense / YouTube /
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  1. Kot_Kuzya
    Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 04: 36
    -41%
    For Russia, a useless branch of troops, a waste of funds. Russia is a land power, not insular as England, Japan and the USA. As the centuries-old experience of war has shown, the fleet was a useless devourer of resources. In the war with Napoleon, in WWI and WWII, the fleet was uselessly idle, everything was decided by battles on land. In Krymskaya and RYaV, the fleet was shamefully drowned, without bringing any benefit. It would be better if the resources directed to the fleet were directed to the army, the benefits would be better.
    1. svp67
      svp67 27 November 2020 05: 08
      +18
      Quote: Kot_Kuzya
      A useless branch of troops for Russia,

      Having such an extended coastline, a huge number of islands, Russia is OBLIGED to have this type of troops in particular and the fleet in general.
      Happy comrades!
      1. Kot_Kuzya
        Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 06: 27
        -16%
        Quote: svp67
        Having such an extended coastline, a huge number of islands, Russia is OBLIGED to have this type of troops in particular and the fleet in general.

        Yeah. Sure. The brave marines of the United States or Britain will land somewhere near Amderma, Dixon, Tiksi, Pevek, Anadyr, and will rush through the tundra and taiga to seize the centers of the country. The strategic enemies of Russia are the United States and Britain; against their fleet, Russia cannot fight on equal terms at sea with all efforts and resources. It should be borne in mind that the British fleet also includes the fleets of Canada, Australia and New Zealand. In the event of a large-scale war with these countries, Russia will use the Strategic Missile Forces, the Anglo-Saxons know this very well, therefore they do not come to us to bring democracy on the tips of missiles and bombs, as they did in Serbia, Iraq and Afghanistan. And to force a trifle like Ukraine and Georgia to peace, what is available is enough.
        1. Crowe
          Crowe 27 November 2020 10: 52
          +14
          Guys, man greetings !!!
        2. svp67
          svp67 27 November 2020 12: 06
          +1
          Quote: Kot_Kuzya
          And to force a trifle like Ukraine and Georgia to peace, what is available is enough.

          Well, I don’t quite agree, one brigade of the Black Sea Fleet marines is still NOT enough, a division is needed.
          1. Lara Croft
            Lara Croft 28 November 2020 21: 15
            -1
            Quote: svp67
            Well, I don’t quite agree, one brigade of the Black Sea Fleet marines is still NOT enough, a division is needed.

            You think correctly ... The Soviet military-political leadership also thought ... therefore, in the city of Ochakov (there is now the radio center of the Naval Forces of Ukraine and the US WB), the BSSPN KCHF was also deployed ... (in the article not a word about it) I think of its basis The DPRK, as part of the KPA Navy, has formed similar brigades on each coast (Sniper Brigade. Special Forces) ...
        3. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 28 November 2020 21: 09
          -1
          Quote: Kot_Kuzya
          Yeah. Sure. The brave marines of the United States or Britain will land somewhere near Amderma, Dixon, Tiksi, Pevek, Anadyr,

          Well, around the Civil War in Soviet Russia, it was so ... Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, the Japanese in Primorye ...
    2. Hunter 2
      Hunter 2 27 November 2020 06: 41
      +13
      Quote: Kot_Kuzya
      For Russia, a useless branch of troops, a waste of funds. Russia is a land power.

      Sharik - You Goonies !!! (c) Winter in Prostokvashino.
      To name the Country washed by Three Oceans, Twelve Seas and One Inland Sea - Land ... Maybe only Sharik and the Cat Kuzya fool , although Sharik - it will be smarter, well, I have already cited the actual quote about these characters. Go drink some valerian, don't spoil the Holiday for People!
      1. Kot_Kuzya
        Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 07: 02
        -19%
        Quote: Hunter 2
        To name the Country Washed by Three Oceans, Twelve Seas and One Inland Sea - Land ...

        Sure sure. Considering that the coast of the Arctic Ocean, with the exception of the coast of the Kola Bay, the coast of the Pacific Ocean, with the exception of Avacha Bay, the coast of the Baltic, with the exception of the Kaliningrad enclave, and the coast of the Sea of ​​Azov freeze in winter, that is, they are unsuitable for basing a navy. It was not without reason that Russia paid $ 100 million a year to Ukraine so that the Russian fleet would be based in Sevastopol, since there is simply nowhere else, Azov freezes, bora rages in Novorossiysk in winter. You study geography at least a little.
        And from history: the Battle of Poltava - the decisive battle of the Northern War, Borodino - the decisive battle of the OV, where did the WWII and WWII battles take place? Answer: on land. Russia has never participated in such naval battles as Trafalgar, Jutland and for the Midway Atoll, which decided the fate of the war of the naval powers.
        1. Hunter 2
          Hunter 2 27 November 2020 07: 38
          +12
          Did you get the Internet to the hospital? Googled the History of the Russian Fleet. The Russian Fleet, among other things, transferred the two Strongest countries at that time, Turkey and Sweden, one to the regional power of Turkey, and the other was completely excluded from the world players - Sweden. He gained dominance in the two most important trade routes for Russia, the Black Sea and the Baltic.
          Russian Sailors during the Second World War, did everything so that the country received the resources it needed, accompanying the Allied Convoys.
          Russian (All Nations of Russia) Marines - the Nazis called the Black Death. Google further - Participation of the Marine Corps in WWII.
          Stop Shitting on the branch and kill yourself against the wall ... geographer.
          I celebrate My Holiday, the time will come to you - congratulations on March 8! laughing
          1. Kot_Kuzya
            Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 08: 26
            -22%
            In fact, Sweden was kicked together by a coalition from Russia, Poland and Denmark. After the Narva defeat, Karl 12 did not go further towards Moscow to finish off Peter the Great, who, in fact, was left without an army, but was distracted by Denmark and Poland, which gave Peter time to collect a new army. Turkey, on the other hand, was lowered to a regional power by the European powers, mainly England and France. As a result of WWI, the Ottoman Empire ceased to exist. Could you tell me by the way, which countries-winners became according to the results of WWI?
            Quote: Hunter 2
            Russian Sailors during the Second World War, did everything so that the country received the resources it needed, accompanying the Allied Convoys.

            For your information, about 25% of the cargo from the Allies was delivered via the northern route. Most of the bored went along the southern route through the Indian Ocean and Iran, or through the Pacific Ocean and Vladivostok, and also planes were ferried along the Alsib route. On the northern route, the most dangerous section of the North Atlantic was accompanied by British and American ships. You've probably heard of the infamous PQ-17 convoy? The British Royal Navy fled on the orders of the commander, and the defenseless transport ships German planes and submarines sank almost all.
            Quote: Hunter 2
            Russian (All Nations of Russia) Marines - the Nazis called the Black Death. Google further - Participation of the Marine Corps in WWII.

            Don't confuse the marines and sailors. Not all sailors on the front were Marines. The same sniper Zaitsev was a finance seaman, a career foreman, not a marine.
            1. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine 27 November 2020 09: 17
              +3
              Quote: Kot_Kuzya
              For your information, about 25% of the cargo from the Allies was delivered via the northern route. Most of them walked boredly along the southern route through the Indian Ocean and Iran, or through the Pacific Ocean and Vladivostok,
              Deliveries were distributed along the following routes: the Far East - 47,1%, the Persian Gulf - 23,8%, the Northern part of the USSR - 22,7%, the Black Sea - 3,9%, along the Northern Sea Route) - 2,5%.
              1. Kot_Kuzya
                Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 09: 28
                -13%
                Quote: tihonmarine
                Deliveries were distributed along the following routes: the Far East - 47,1%, the Persian Gulf - 23,8%, the Northern part of the USSR - 22,7%, the Black Sea - 3,9%, along the Northern Sea Route) - 2,5%.

                What does "Northern part of the USSR" mean? Isn't that the Northern Sea Route anyway?
                1. The comment was deleted.
                2. tihonmarine
                  tihonmarine 27 November 2020 09: 52
                  +3
                  Quote: Kot_Kuzya
                  What does "Northern part of the USSR" mean? Isn't that the Northern Sea Route anyway?
                  They don't teach this at school now. The Sevmolrput is from the DCK to the ports of the Barents Sea and beyond. The northern part starts from Novy Zemlya and to Setnavolok.
                  1. Kot_Kuzya
                    Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 10: 15
                    -8
                    Well, that's it, 22,7 + 2,5 = 25,2%.
                    1. tihonmarine
                      tihonmarine 27 November 2020 10: 29
                      +3
                      Quote: Kot_Kuzya
                      Well, that's it, 22,7 + 2,5 = 25,2%.

                      Exactly so.
        2. svp67
          svp67 27 November 2020 12: 55
          +1
          Quote: Kot_Kuzya
          Considering that the coast of the Arctic Ocean, with the exception of the coast of the Kola Bay, the coast of the Pacific Ocean, with the exception of Avacha Bay, the coast of the Baltic, with the exception of the Kaliningrad enclave, and the coast of the Sea of ​​Azov freeze in winter, that is, they are unsuitable for basing a navy.

          Let's start with the fact that there are a lot of ICEBREAKER and reinforced ice-class ships, even the Mistral, which were built for Russia, received ice reinforcement, so they are now cool in the Mediterranean Sea.
          Not only that, there are KVPs that are able to walk on ice.
          1. Kot_Kuzya
            Kot_Kuzya 27 November 2020 13: 44
            -7
            Quote: svp67

            Let's start with the fact that there are a lot of ICEBREAKER and reinforced ice-class ships, even the Mistral, which were built for Russia, received ice reinforcement, so they are now cool in the Mediterranean Sea.
            Not only that, there are KVPs that are able to walk on ice.

            And how many icebreakers do the Yankees and Britons have in the fleet? In my opinion, not a single one. And by the way, can you give me the point of driving the AUG to the shores of Chukotka or Taimyr and landing troops on the tundra? There is no sense, therefore, by the way, in the Eastern War, which we call the Crimean War, the British and French concentrated 99% of their efforts and forces on the seizure of Crimea, since only in Crimea did Russia have convenient ice-free bays and bays. Kamchatka was then a wild land, and there was no point in capturing it, they fumbled a little in the White Sea and fled quickly back into the warm waters until the ice formed, Odessa could only be approached in summer, but Petersburg was not only protected by fat ice of the Gulf of Finland, so even in the warm season Petersburg was defended by the no less formidable guns of Kronstadt.
            1. svp67
              svp67 27 November 2020 18: 12
              +1
              Quote: Kot_Kuzya
              There is no sense, therefore, by the way, in the Eastern War, which we call the Crimean War, the British and French concentrated 99% of their efforts and forces on the seizure of Crimea, since only in Crimea did Russia have convenient ice-free bays and bays.

              Well:
              a) In that war, the Crimea was the initial target, the "allies" did not expect that they would get bogged down there.
              b) The size of their armies did not allow them to operate in several theaters at the same time.
              c) During our Civil War, the United States and England quite so successfully and for a long time operated in various theaters of war, including in the North.
              d) Earlier, for us, the same North did not represent such an economically important territory.
              e) The climate is now changing and in the North it can be seen especially strongly
        3. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 28 November 2020 21: 26
          0
          Quote: Kot_Kuzya
          And from history: the Battle of Poltava - the decisive battle of the Northern War, Borodino - the decisive battle of OV, where did the WWII and WWII battles take place?

          In all these wars and battles, they participated in t.ch. regiments of sea soldiers ...
          Throughout their more than 310-year history, the Marines have fought hundreds of battles, performed many feats and repeatedly put the enemy to flight by their appearance. Their combat assets include the Northern War with Sweden, the storming of Corfu and Izmail, the Mediterranean campaign of Admiral Ushakov, the Battle of Borodino, the Crimean and Russian-Turkish campaigns, two world wars and armed conflicts of the last decades.

          https://ria.ru/20171127/1509547977.html
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 27 November 2020 09: 08
        +4
        Happy Holidays to you and your colleagues! Health, happiness and good luck in your difficult service. And do not pay attention to the "adherents of the State Department."
      3. LiSiCyn
        LiSiCyn 27 November 2020 10: 40
        +5
        Alexey, Happy Holidays !!! drinks
        Never mind the new Khrushchevs ... negative
        1. ul_vitalii
          ul_vitalii 27 November 2020 19: 17
          +3
          Quote: LiSiCyn
          Alexey, Happy Holidays !!! drinks
          Never mind the new Khrushchevs ... negative

          Alexey hi I join Stas hi Happy Marine Day! Health and fighting spirit to you. hi
      4. Paranoid50
        Paranoid50 27 November 2020 14: 54
        +1
        Quote: Hunter 2
        Sharik - You Goonies !!! (from)

        This is the administration for the holiday drove a funny troll to cheer up.fellow laughing Hi Aleksey. Happy holiday to all of us! hi drinks
        1. Hunter 2
          Hunter 2 27 November 2020 15: 20
          +1
          Quote: Paranoid50
          Quote: Hunter 2
          Sharik - You Goonies !!! (from)

          This is the administration for the holiday drove a funny troll to cheer up.fellow laughing Hi Aleksey. Happy holiday to all of us! hi drinks

          Greetings Alexander hi Happy holiday drinks
          I naively thought that the administration of the merry fellows only Damantsev has what
          1. Paranoid50
            Paranoid50 27 November 2020 15: 32
            +1
            Quote: Hunter 2
            of the merry fellows, only Damantsev is

            It's full-time. yes And how many "invited" ... Yes, their name is legion. fellow
    3. tatarin1972
      tatarin1972 27 November 2020 11: 00
      +9
      How would you answer so as not to offend. About one such "figure" was written above in the article. Under his "clear leadership" the Marine Corps units were disguised. But that's not the point, so to speak. Then, when conducting large-scale exercises, according to the plan, it was necessary to transfer a large unit of ground forces, by sea, which was supposed to capture the coastal bridgehead and provide an area for receiving troops and cargo. So nothing happened, the land was rocked, turned out to be incapable of combat.
      1. Reklastik
        Reklastik 27 November 2020 12: 59
        0
        They say that Admiral Horatio Nelson always hounded, and under Trafalgar too))))
        1. tatarin1972
          tatarin1972 27 November 2020 14: 56
          0
          They say that he hounded! I did not find it! And he served the wrong country!
    4. raw174
      raw174 27 November 2020 13: 29
      +5
      Do you think that the tasks of the MP is reduced to the landing and consolidation on the bridgehead? No, the tasks are broader! This is the protection of ships, port and city infrastructure, as well as taking it under control, ensuring the protection of bases and representative offices, including abroad. The MP, along with the Airborne Forces, is a universal branch of the military, with its own specifics. The Marines are needed! I served in the MP and am proud of it! Happy Holidays to all active, storage and deregistered in RVC!
      1. Lara Croft
        Lara Croft 28 November 2020 21: 33
        0
        Quote: raw174
        The MP, along with the Airborne Forces, is a universal branch of the military, with its own specifics. Marines are needed!

        MP is the elder brother of the Airborne Forces ....
        I served in the MP and am proud of it!

        Uncle Vasya was also in the Second World War, from there he brought attributes, a vest to the Airborne Forces ...
    5. serezhasoldatow
      serezhasoldatow 27 November 2020 14: 54
      +1
      Everyone imagines himself a strategist, seeing the battle from the side.
  2. Hunter 2
    Hunter 2 27 November 2020 06: 14
    +14
    Marines - Happy Holidays Brothers! There Where We Are - There is Victory!
    1. ul_vitalii
      ul_vitalii 27 November 2020 19: 19
      +3
      Alexey, shake your hand yes Alive, healthy. hi
  3. Vladimir Vladimirovich S
    Vladimir Vladimirovich S 27 November 2020 06: 21
    +8
    Happy Holidays to All Communities !!!
  4. Van 16
    Van 16 27 November 2020 06: 27
    +9
    A friend served in the Marine Corps in the Far East. Happy holiday, Marines!
  5. Borz
    Borz 27 November 2020 06: 36
    +7
    Happy holiday, Marines! Yours faithfully!
  6. Crimean partisan 1974
    Crimean partisan 1974 27 November 2020 09: 41
    +10
    in mln ... did not know about such a date .... we always celebrated a common holiday on the last Sunday of July ... Navy. marines, naval aviation ... I'll call the first-born and congratulate the kent ...
    HALF Gentlemen - comrades marines ..... retirees and storekeepers - health, servicemen - good luck
  7. aszzz888
    aszzz888 27 November 2020 09: 47
    +8
    During the Second World War, nemchura called the marines the black death! Not for nothing !!! They were afraid of her like fire! Because there are no obstacles, and there is no task that the Marines would not have completed! Happy Holidays, guys !!! soldier Igor, you are already a colonel on the march, and therefore you are especially happy with the holiday !!! good drinks
  8. Vadim Golubkov
    Vadim Golubkov 27 November 2020 09: 52
    +7
    Happy Holidays, Marines! Pride of Russia!
  9. Crowe
    Crowe 27 November 2020 10: 48
    +13
    Happy Holidays, Brothers !!!
    1. The comment was deleted.
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  10. Tank jacket
    Tank jacket 27 November 2020 10: 52
    +5
    Congratulations, Marines! Where you are, there is Victory! A friend served in Cam Ranh, an uncle in the Far East.
  11. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 27 November 2020 10: 55
    +5
    Happy Holidays little brothers!
    Although the official date of the celebration by order is young, the Marines are not crucian by years relative to other troops.
    Happy Marine Corps Day, from the bottom of my heart, from my mother's grandfather, a Red Navy sailor of a separate Marine Corps brigade of the Pacific Fleet, a participant in the landing in the port of Seishin! good
  12. serezhasoldatow
    serezhasoldatow 27 November 2020 14: 56
    +4
    Happy Marine Corps Day to all Marines !!! Where you are, there is victory! Chernomortsev especially.