Military Review

Syrian experience with UAV "Leer-3" will be used in Nagorno-Karabakh

22
Syrian experience with UAV "Leer-3" will be used in Nagorno-Karabakh

Russia has transferred to Nagorno-Karabakh the latest domestic electronic warfare (EW) complexes RB-341V "Leer-3". As reported News citing the military, the drones will be used as flying cell towers.


Russian peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh will apply the Syrian experience of using the Leer-3 electronic warfare system, the military department explained. In Syria, the drones included in the complex were used for mass alerting the local population during humanitarian operations, sending SMS, organizing cellular communications. The drones will do the same in Nagorno-Karabakh, helping Russia to solve the humanitarian problems of the region.

The Leer-3 complex was put into service in 2015; the main task of the complex was to jam GSM cellular signals. Two years later, it was finalized, adding the ability to suppress 3G and 4G networks, and also increased the range.

The Leer-3 complex itself technically consists of one KAMAZ vehicle with the corresponding filling and two (three) Orlan-10 UAVs. Calculation of the complex - 4 people. The drone has a range of 120 km, the time spent in the air - 10 hours. Flight altitude - 5 km, speed: max - 150, cruising - 80 km / h.

The drone can carry a different load, depending on which it can perform the following actions: suppress mobile communications, simulate the operation of a cellular base station in the GSM 900, 1800, 2000, 2500 ranges and send false messages, detect phones, tablets, etc., conduct reconnaissance, plot the locations of subscriber points on a digital map, transmit data on the location of subscriber points to artillery crews for a fire strike.

Few of the electronic warfare systems can be used for peaceful purposes, but the Leer-3 is an exception. It was created to work specifically with civilian, not military networks. Therefore, we have laid down a lot of useful functions - from mass sending of SMS-messages to finding lost people. UAV is especially effective in places where coverage of mobile networks is weak or absent at all

- added military expert Dmitry Boltenkov.
22 comments
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  1. Victor_B
    Victor_B 26 November 2020 10: 58
    +10
    Electronic warfare is the most important part of the fight against UAVs.
    In any case, it closes homemade products completely, but "adult" drones have inertial platforms and it is difficult to hammer them in with interference, so that stationary targets can be quietly covered.
    But they are already worth "other" money!
    1. sav
      sav 26 November 2020 11: 03
      +18
      The main thing here is that they gain experience, competencies, and develop technologies.
  2. Herman 4223
    Herman 4223 26 November 2020 11: 08
    +1
    I stumbled upon news for 2019, and it says that copters began to enter the Russian army with the ability to drop a certain load weighing one kilogram.
    Platoons with such copters are being created in UAV companies. But there is no information on them on the Internet at all.
    1. K-36
      K-36 26 November 2020 15: 57
      +3
      Herman 4223 "the army began to receive copters with the ability to drop a certain load weighing one kilogram. But there is no information on them on the Internet at all."
      About " no at all"You, how to put it more delicately, draw a lightweight and incorrect conclusion. yes
      Dig on the site "Military acceptance" in the video about "Orlan-10". With due diligence, you will find a video that tells (and shows!) How this UAV drops cargo (in the form of leaflets). It also sends SMS from an autonomous station on board. wink
      Unfortunately, some of the VO readers have a mistaken opinion about the "uniform sharpening" of the Orlan's design. In fact (to date) a multifunctional platform has been built from Orlan-10 that performs various tasks by simply replacing blocks in the payload compartments.
      I did not post a direct "cheat sheet", because the "cheat sheet" has a very "short memory". But when you "shovel a mountain of ore in search of the innermost" on your own, the result is put into your head for a long time and reliably. Something like this.
      hi
      1. Herman 4223
        Herman 4223 26 November 2020 17: 37
        0
        Thank you, you will need to look. But you mean the eagle as I understand it, and I'm talking about the copter.
        1. K-36
          K-36 26 November 2020 17: 54
          0
          [quote = Herman 4223] Thank you, you will need to look. But you mean the eagle as I understand it, and I'm talking about the copter. [/ Qu
          Alexander, it seems to me that you are deliberately not talking about something what
          I wonder what you see as the fundamental difference between dropping a load with an "Orlan" or a quadcopter? And if we take into account that a quadrocopter can deliver the cargo not by dropping, but by direct landing at the addressee's location, then the question to you unambiguously suggests itself in this form: " Why are you interested in dropping a 1 kg load from a quadcopter? ? "If you find it necessary to answer, you can continue the discussion further.
          hi
          1. Herman 4223
            Herman 4223 26 November 2020 20: 10
            0
            Yes, just a little curiosity about what kind of copter our military has appeared and why there is such silence about it. And if about the difference, then the copter can drop very accurately, because it can hang in one place.
            1. K-36
              K-36 26 November 2020 20: 40
              0
              Herman 4223
              Alexander, well, so I pulled out of you your suppressed interest in the copter, as a high-precision dropper of small bombs ... lol
              Are you jealous of the videos of the Basurman from Syria? In vain. Look for a better video about the development of "Ratnik". There and take away a special copter to deliver ammunition and other necessities to an individual soldier on the front line. "Cheat sheet" again I do not spread (for the reason, voiced by me earlier). Good luck!
              hi
  3. Torins
    Torins 26 November 2020 11: 09
    +6
    A necessary and good thing!
  4. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 26 November 2020 11: 18
    +6

    VO has a video about this complex.
    1. Reserve buildbat
      Reserve buildbat 26 November 2020 11: 54
      +1
      I liked the phrase in the video: "based on KamAZ ... ... the aircraft ..." In general, the complex is impressive "alive". most then all sorts of "field commanders" bearing and spraying.
  5. Intruder
    Intruder 26 November 2020 11: 55
    0
    It seemed to me alone, or a drone with electronic warfare modules - provides cellular communication for the civilian population and is engaged in sending SMS
    ... drones will be used as flying cell towers.
    in the conflict zone, although right there
    ... the main task of the complex was to jam GSM cellular signals. Two years later, it was finalized, adding the ability to suppress 3G and 4G networks, and also increased the range.
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 26 November 2020 12: 13
      -1
      Quote: Intruder
      It seemed to me alone, or a drone with electronic warfare modules - provides cellular communication for the civilian population and is engaged in sending SMS

      It is written somewhat strangely, in fact, the UAV will act as a repeater for limited areas
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 26 November 2020 12: 20
        0
        not strange, but incorrect! :) There is also electronic warfare, it is an electronic warfare complex, and not a repeater in the following ranges: GSM | UMTS | LTE !?
        1. AVA77
          AVA77 26 November 2020 12: 33
          +3
          Intruder Written correctly and very easily.
          The drone can carry a different load, depending on which it can perform the following actions: suppress mobile communications, simulate the operation of a cellular base station in the GSM 900, 1800, 2000, 2500 ranges and send false messages, detect phones, tablets, etc., conduct reconnaissance, plot the locations of subscriber points on a digital map, transmit data on the location of subscriber points to artillery crews for a fire strike.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 26 November 2020 12: 47
            -2
            : suppress mobile communications, simulate the operation of a cellular base station in the GSM 900, 1800, 2000, 2500 and send false messages, detect phones, tablets, etc., conduct reconnaissance, plot the locations of subscriber points on a digital map, transmit data about place of subscriber points to artillery crews for a fire strike.
            and where is the repeater module of the mobile communication station and the support of the cellular network infrastructure, maybe I didn't see it and it's just a play on words !? :) I especially smiled to send false messages and simulate work, that is, GSM spoofing in all its glory in one bottle in the cellular network , somewhere in the sky above civilians, with an attack on users' mobile terminals ??? :)
            1. AVA77
              AVA77 26 November 2020 12: 54
              +2
              Well, apparently smart to teach only to spoil. Didn't see, so did not see. hi
              1. Intruder
                Intruder 26 November 2020 13: 09
                -1
                Hmm, it is even smarter to see: "searching for a black cat, in a dark room that is not there" !? laughing
            2. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 26 November 2020 19: 24
              +1
              Quote: Intruder
              and where is the repeater module of the mobile communication station and support for the cellular network infrastructure, maybe I didn't see it and it's just a play on words !?

              Judging by the description, this is not a repeater, but a simulator that replaces a real base station and then transmits data to the control center to determine the location of those connected to it. And, if necessary, sending spam: Congratulations - you are the hundredth subscriber who connected to us. Your prize is KAB with home delivery. smile
              1. Intruder
                Intruder 26 November 2020 20: 03
                -1
                Judging by the description, this is not a repeater, but a simulator that replaces a real base station and then transmits data to the control center to determine the location of those connected to it.
                I wrote about spoofing in the cellular network above, by the way :)
                And if necessary, sending spam: Congratulations - you are the hundredth subscriber who has connected to us. Your prize is CAB with home delivery. smile
                rather, it looks more like the possibility of advertising "Sberbank", or some other merchant ..., conveniently and immediately mass mailing, in any way they will open and read with coverage of the target audience - up to 100%, just a dream of any advertiser !!!
  6. Kaw
    Kaw 26 November 2020 15: 16
    0
    It was created to work specifically with civilian, not military networks. Therefore, we have laid down a lot of useful functions - from mass sending of SMS-messages to finding lost people.

    This is what it turns out to be. Here, people are constantly lost in the forest and have never heard of the military helping with their equipment in the search. Usually 2-3 Ministry of Emergency Situations go auditioning. And if the lost person has a phone and manages to establish contact with the Ministry of Emergency Situations, then they usually go to that forest there and turn on the siren and the person himself goes to them.
  7. Alexey from Perm
    Alexey from Perm 27 November 2020 11: 14
    -1
    Apparently jamming cellular signals is the meaning of peacekeeping ...