Military Review

"The object was identified, then - reconnaissance, preparation and assault": special forces as an important tool of modern warfare

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"The object was identified, then - reconnaissance, preparation and assault": special forces as an important tool of modern warfare

“Of everything that we took in the caravans of Afghan militants, we fired, every scout could use everything that was there,” - from the story of the special forces veteran Colonel Yuri Starov.


Today, the importance of spetsnaz is such that not only the success of a particular operation, but also of an entire stage of the war, may depend on the effectiveness of its use. The transfer of special forces to a certain area, the creation of a bridgehead there with the subsequent approach of the main forces, the cutting of the enemy group for its subsequent complete destruction - elements of hostilities that were actively used earlier and continue to be used in our time.

For a spetsnaz soldier, every little thing is important, every detail: right up to filling an army backpack, an optimal stock of ammunition, the ability to wait for the enemy's approach for a certain time, analysis of the capabilities of this enemy in one direction or another.

"The object was identified, then - reconnaissance, preparation and assault," - from the comments of a veteran of the special forces.

A number of operations of the Soviet and Russian special forces were included in the textbooks for the military personnel of the MTR troops. One such operation is the storming of Amin's palace, an operation codenamed "Storm 333".

About this and other operations, about the everyday life of special forces, about its importance in modern armed conflicts, about the fact that it is an important tool of modern war, is described in the film by Alexander Sladkov on his YouTube channel:

Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of Russia
29 comments
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  1. LAWNER
    LAWNER 14 November 2020 11: 55
    +2
    It's more like the Airborne Forces ..
    Spetsnaz works thinner and I'm sure there is no one to tell about their work.
    1. Alexander Vorontsov
      Alexander Vorontsov 15 November 2020 11: 08
      +4
      Why is there no one. After a certain number of years have passed since the events, the memoirs of the veterans-participants may come out.

      Not about all operations and not all, but at least something =)) Alexey Filatov has a book-story about operatives with whom the author worked.
      It is interestingly presented, not only in the context of military operations, but also touching upon the peculiarities of character and family relationships, taking into account such work.

      There is also a wonderful film "And THUNDER BURST" the story of the Hero of Russia A. Golovashkin "- it may seem that this is completely different, but despite the fact that Dagestan is formally a peaceful territory, operatives die there every year, storm houses, etc. And when a person takes a shield and, leading an assault group, goes to clear the building, why is it not a "front line"?

      Gyurza's stories about how he fought in Chechnya. Formally, it cannot be compared with the looks of modern MTR in tactical body kits, but in terms of content and spirit, it is a real special forces. In his stories, a lot of things were remembered, but especially the story of how he took a bottle of champagne on a campaign for a friend (his DR fell on the time of the raid), on the way they had a fight and he went to the end of the column. Gyurza went up to him, took out a bottle - Mikhalych on. Happy birthday to you. (during the war, he developed the habit of speaking the parasite word "on" and exactly as it is written). And according to him, he never saw so much joy and gratitude in the eyes of a person.

      In general, you can scrape together information "on the bottom")
  2. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 14 November 2020 11: 57
    +3
    I adore these fighters. Do not perish .... Honor and praise to you !!!!!
  3. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 14 November 2020 11: 58
    +2
    what
    What can you say such everyday life is not for everyone ...
    As the company foreman said, intelligence is the main thing for a scout, and we will improve physics.
    Dedicated to:
    1. 2 Level Advisor
      2 Level Advisor 14 November 2020 12: 48
      0
      Once I came to SOBR for an interview, after the service, I wanted to go there for a long time, they seemed to like it, but after I was told that our main thing is "physics" (not the brain), somehow the desire to go there disappeared ..
      this does not detract from their difficult and necessary, heroic work, but special forces are still different ..
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 14 November 2020 13: 51
        +4
        Muscles can be built up, endurance can be trained, reflexes can be developed, but the mind, as they say, if not at twenty, will no longer be. So the one who told you this is stupid. I personally know the guys who from OMON and SOBR, studying in absentia, transferred to operational units, inquests, investigations. One is now the Chairman of the City Court, the other is the Deputy Chairman of the Arbitration Court, several in the Bar ...
        1. 2 Level Advisor
          2 Level Advisor 14 November 2020 16: 10
          -1
          I also know several guys from SOBR, with their submission and came there .. none of the division left and did not intend to, they somehow felt more elite than the rest of the employees .. although no .. 1 left as the commander of the riot police .. but about that, that as a result, lawyers and judges are leaving SOBR members - I have not heard cases in our city, although I do not exclude that it happened at all ..
          1. Lynx2000
            Lynx2000 14 November 2020 16: 21
            +3
            Everything depends on motivation, because, after 35 years, it is unambiguous either for write-off, or in the HozO, or as a commander.
            1. hohkn
              hohkn 17 November 2020 10: 10
              +2
              Quote: Lynx2000
              Everything depends on motivation, because, after 35 years, it is unambiguous either for write-off, or in the HozO, or as a commander.

              Why is "definitely a write-off" after 35? I reached 55. From there he retired. And at 55 he would not have been kicked out, but he served 5 years beyond the deadline. More simply could not be.
              1. Lynx2000
                Lynx2000 20 November 2020 10: 22
                +1
                Quote: hohkn

                Why is "definitely a write-off" after 35? I reached 55. From there he retired. And at 55 he would not have been kicked out, but he served 5 years beyond the deadline. More simply could not be.

                Good afternoon! Did you serve in SOBR until 55?
                So by rank you were p / p-com or major. Not a fighter as a tactical unit.
                1. hohkn
                  hohkn 21 November 2020 12: 15
                  0
                  Quote: Lynx2000
                  So by rank you were p / p-com or major. Not a fighter as a tactical unit.

                  He retired as a lieutenant colonel.
                  He started with the opera (stormtrooper). So at first I was a fighter. I went through a bunch of retraining, acquired new specialties. And then, naturally, he rose both in office and in rank. But he was not a detachment commander. Not enough for all command posts. And I do not regret it at all.
                  But if you have a head, then you can serve to the very end. With what, in fact, the conversation began. I would not fit the position and service in the detachment - they would have asked to leave for a long time. And now I come to the detachment from time to time, doing business. Even decorated as a civilian. True, not in SOBR, tk. there are simply no civil servants or civil servants. Not provided.
      2. hohkn
        hohkn 17 November 2020 10: 08
        0
        Quote: Level 2 Advisor
        Once I came to SOBR for an interview, after the service, I wanted to go there for a long time, they seemed to like it, but after I was told that our main thing is "physics" (not the brain), somehow the desire to go there disappeared ..

        You knocked on some wrong SOBR. Our brains were valued first of all. Even during the first recruitment in 1993, the head of the Organized Crime Control Department (then still the UOP) talked to each candidate personally. They pulled people out from everywhere, if they approached, despite the objections of the superiors at the place of their former service. And "physics" can always be improved. This is just not a problem.
        1. 2 Level Advisor
          2 Level Advisor 17 November 2020 10: 24
          0
          well, maybe the wrong thing that happened in life, he shared with me .. the deputy commander talked with me, I started talking about sports, education, knowledge of languages, and he told me "the main thing is physics" .. it was 2002 .. I’m still not sure what I did right, that I didn’t go .. I dreamed since childhood .. but what has been done is done .. although, if not for the words "about physics" ..
  4. Cottager452
    Cottager452 14 November 2020 12: 15
    +1
    A real special forces product is a piece and expensive, and in modern conditions its application will be narrowed to the solution of more and more specific tasks.
    And the future belongs to drones, robots and other intelligence.
    1. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 14 November 2020 12: 43
      +4
      Quote: Summer Resident452
      And the future belongs to drones, robots and other intelligence.

      Maybe this glorious future will come someday, or even better it will be without wars, and intelligence robots will be engaged in search and rescue operations.
      But, for now, in the near future, drones, robots (sappers, territory scouts) and other artificial intelligence (as an analyst) will be assistants and tools.
      A robot and a drone cannot "endure" without food and work autonomously for several days, navigate in limited visibility and without GPS, rely on intuition, and in many cases it helps. In general, there are many reasons.
      To be honest, I never cease to be amazed at the abilities of the human body and the brain, while there are no limits ...
      1. ccsr
        ccsr 14 November 2020 14: 22
        +4
        Quote: Lynx2000
        A robot and a drone cannot "endure" without food and work autonomously for several days, navigate in limited visibility and without GPS, rely on intuition, and in many cases it helps. In general, there are many reasons.

        I fully agree with such conclusions.
        And one more argument that many people do not suspect. To eliminate one special forces group, according to NATO standards, at least one combat battalion is required, and it is not yet a fact that it will be able to destroy the entire group. I know how many groups of the first order were supposed to have in the 3rd brigade, and therefore I can say that the NATO forces only needed the forces of several divisions to eliminate them. So the human factor will prevail in such events, because the spetsnaz soldier, even after everything is over, will be able to survive and continue to act even after two weeks. But technology is not capable of this ...
  5. The eye of the crying
    The eye of the crying 14 November 2020 12: 19
    0
    The transfer of special forces to a certain area, the creation of a bridgehead there, followed by the approach of the main forces, cutting the enemy grouping for its subsequent complete destruction


    What is not called special forces today.
  6. Konnick
    Konnick 14 November 2020 13: 42
    -1
    Quote: LAWNER
    It's more like the Airborne Forces ..
    Spetsnaz works thinner and I'm sure there is no one to tell about their work.


    The film runs over 40 minutes, the text was published at 11.43:5 am. The comments of some began after 10-XNUMX minutes ... it seems that these are super-speed special forces soldiers in the Internet troops.
    And so the film is a repeat of everything that happened. The special forces have not even decided whether this is sabotage work or intelligence. And all the experience from the counter-guerrilla struggle ... sad. They showed the contents of the special forces' backpack, but it is difficult to determine where the fighter is going with him, like not to reconnaissance, and not to a sabotage raid, so the set of an ordinary motorized rifle officer, only a fashionable red dot sight seemed superfluous.
    1. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 14 November 2020 14: 47
      +1
      laughing
      I have already seen this film. The article appeared in the info-window, the topic is interesting, I went, saw, wrote.
      It is believed that the special forces unit is universal, capable of performing reconnaissance tasks, and, sabotage / anti-sabotage service.
      The content of the taxiway and attachment is determined based on the tasks assigned to the group.
      Now, of course, everything is gorgeous.
      But twenty years ago, as you said, the set of an "ordinary motorized rifle officer" was not much different from the "set" of a scout gunner.
  7. Ros 56
    Ros 56 14 November 2020 13: 49
    -1
    Ghosts in the army, it's very difficult, but interesting and not given to everyone.
  8. nonsense
    nonsense 14 November 2020 14: 48
    -4
    "The object was identified, then - reconnaissance, preparation and assault," - from the comments of a veteran of the special forces.

    IMHO already 30 years as a "storm" in this list as a rule excess! Marked the reconnaissance target with some laser designator and called artillery / aviation. The assault is for the special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs ...
    PS: in this regard, the assault on Amin's palace absurd... If the commandos who stormed it killed everyone there anyway, why bother storming at all? - They would have been demolished by artillery / aviation at the root - they did not spare the shells - and all the cases ...
  9. Double major
    Double major 14 November 2020 14: 56
    0
    Historically, special forces in Russia are huntsmen. Who doesn't know.
    1. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 15 November 2020 21: 34
      0
      Quote: Twice Major
      Historically, special forces in Russia are huntsmen. Who doesn't know.

      Forgot KAZAKOV-PLASTUNOV. Huntsman = shooter with SVD = Marksman in the USA. You can "dig deeper" to BOGATYREY - Ilya Muromets, Dobrynya Nikitich, Alyosha Popovich ...
  10. Konnick
    Konnick 14 November 2020 14: 58
    -1
    Quote: Lynx2000
    It is believed that the special forces unit is universal, capable of performing reconnaissance tasks, and, sabotage / anti-sabotage service.


    A generalist is always worse than a specialist, so the equipment, skills and even "physics" must be different. Of course, thermal imagers 20 years ago could only be dreamed of. In the shots of the liquidation of Gilayev's group, a "blind" helicopter was used - it sounds ... yonder ... there ... in a triangle ... Then a volley of NURS. The only thing missing was the finger indication. Well, for this, they drove special forces. only there is no transition from quantity to quality. I was very touched by the training in throwing a shovel and a knife, well, just "the most necessary skill" of a special forces soldier.
    1. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 14 November 2020 15: 40
      0
      what
      I will not argue on this issue, but a wagon is a specialist, strife.
      If we compare, a narrow specialist, for example, an operator of a radar station, or a "generalist" of a scout, a special forces soldier (training courses: mountain climbing, mine explosive, radio communications, medical, military equipment control, sniper base, of course hand-to-hand and fire every day for several hours, plus physical training, political information in the morning, lunchtime and evening). In your opinion, such a special forces fighter will be worse than a narrow specialist MsR shooter or a radar operator?
      Pay no attention to this movie. Apparently you are under his impression.
  11. Konnick
    Konnick 14 November 2020 16: 23
    -1
    Quote: nespich
    "The object was identified, then - reconnaissance, preparation and assault," - from the comments of a veteran of the special forces.

    IMHO already 30 years as a "storm" in this list as a rule excess! Marked the reconnaissance target with some laser designator and called artillery / aviation. The assault is for the special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs ...
    PS: in this regard, the assault on Amin's palace absurd... If the commandos who stormed it killed everyone there anyway, why bother storming at all? - They would have been demolished by artillery / aviation at the root - they did not spare the shells - and all the cases ...

    And to whom to give the order?
  12. beeper
    beeper 15 November 2020 00: 48
    +2
    I liked the film! good No frills, unpretentious, normal.
    In the footage of the 60s, everywhere and always looking for my uncle, he was then in Germany, in the reconnaissance of the tank division "srochku", in 1968 at night he parachuted into the forest in the Czechoslovak Tatras in a group, from a shaving flight, to search for an enemy radio station hidden in the depths of a rock ... Bursting first into the forester's hut, which hid the entrance to the dungeon, he then miraculously survived. The lucky machine gunner, who was sitting behind a machine gun standing on the table and aimed directly at the door, dozed off before dawn and simply did not have time to pull the trigger ...
    The themes in the film are correct, although everything is crumpled, fragmentary and a little stupid, a kind of "gallop across Europe", staged-edited (IMHO).
    When Alexey Efentiev was talking about the fear that was arising, for some reason I suddenly thought (up to this moment, all my past life, I had never thought so, because I know from myself that for some reason I was really scared only on the third day, usually in the evening, it was then that "pierced" with belated fear specifically, with an uncontrollable tremor, it was just such an individual structure of the psyche, probably, and in moments of mortal danger, even in a "desperate situation", a calm calculating absolute anger suddenly appeared, then "spherical transparency" and clarity of consciousness, sharpened intuition (namely, situational foresight, foreknowledge) and vision (such a wonderful phenomenon arises - you see the distant, as if it is also next to your neighbor), you saw everything around not only with your eyes, felt with your whole skin, even in the back of the head and even, in an incomprehensible way, shallow underground around him, time slowed down and managed to do everything as it should, from somewhere new forces appeared, as if, indeed, my guardian angelsstood behind me, controlled and stored ... why, what I have not yet completed, finished, did not say in this life ???) that when you completely lose fear is also bad, because then you completely lose caution and the brakes, already "on the machine", recklessly "peddling" - you instinctively act "according to the situation" ...., and then, when you survive ...., you ask yourself "was it me?" ... maybe nevertheless, it is better to be a little afraid - to leave in consciousness a "control" drop of fear, so, a little, "to brood" ??! winked
    I also liked the story about a box of disassembled various pistols and their assembly at speed (somewhere I already heard about this, someone told me a long time ago, back in the Soviet Union, this has already been told, or read)! good
    Shots of the endless sky and the continuous carpet of clouds below, during the transcendental landing - I would also not refuse to jump so high-altitude with a parachute and, at least temporarily, dissolve in this endless spatial Beauty! good yes
    I liked the machine gunner, who clung to the machine gun "Cliff", who had jumped from a short burst - it's a pity that a very short frame and no bullet hit is visible, at least one, the first, hit the target ?! smile
    I liked the observation of the experienced saboteur "about the spruce, after a week sweeping the attacking snow from under itself" and about the impromptu "borscht of sour grass under the spruce"! good
    "Artistic bummer" with a raid backpack, I also "came in", I liked it - after all, I was waiting for the fact that, having put on ammunition and a machine gun, the fighter, before moving out, as usual, would jump on the spot and then the spoon in his bowler hat would clang merrily, and he, sternly so, "broke off" these expectations of mine - took his feet in his hands and went into the bright distance, without ringing goodbye ... request smile
    I did not see anything new in the film - this is understandable, and I approve - enough and already known to everyone - sapienti sat, why should outsiders and, moreover, those who collect any details, "probable opponents (not" partners "!)" Should disclose real techniques actions and tactical developments of the Soviet and Russian special forces!
    I absolutely agree with the main idea of ​​the article, the film and previous commentators, that intelligence and "physics", "head and leg work", and then everything else are the most important in raid reconnaissance! wink
    Human capabilities are much wider than we now know about it - the army special forces, by virtue of their "specificity", constantly walks along this "border of human capabilities", and, often, practically goes beyond this "border"! yes
  13. Pamir
    Pamir 15 November 2020 11: 29
    0
    I do not agree that the tasks "Today, the importance of special forces is such that not only the success of a particular operation, but also of the whole stage of the war may depend on the effectiveness of its use. The transfer of special forces to a certain area, the creation of a bridgehead there with the subsequent approach of the main forces, cutting the enemy grouping for its subsequent complete destruction - elements of hostilities that were actively used earlier and continue to be used in our time.
    Spetsnaz does NOT conduct a combined-arms battle, with the calculation of enemy tank columns. The GRU-MTR spetsnaz does NOT provide any bridgeheads for deploying the main forces. The special forces simply do not have such opportunities, and even suicide is for the special forces, and the training of special forces is not cheap.
    There is an excellent book available in the internet of the classic GRU special forces officer Sergei Kozlov
    "Special Forces GRU: Fifty Years of History, Twenty Years of War ...".
    It describes everything in detail and well about the special forces.
  14. Pamir
    Pamir 15 November 2020 11: 38
    0
    There is also a book by Sergei Balenko "Dad: The Legend of the GRU Special Forces", about the life path of General of the GRU Vasily Kolesnik. Also freely available in the internet. I would advise those who are interested in special forces to read these two excellent books.