Military Review

Rescuers for the Arctic. Modernization of deep-sea rescue vehicles

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Rescuers for the Arctic. Modernization of deep-sea rescue vehicles

In 2014, the Concept for the Development of the Navy's Search and Rescue Support System, calculated until 2025, was adopted. A special place in this document is occupied by deep-sea rescue vehicles (SGA) designed to help submariners in distress. Recently it became known about the latest achievements in this area, and also appeared news plans for the future.


Following the meeting


On November 9, the Admiralty hosted a working meeting devoted to the implementation of the Search and Rescue Support Concept. Following its results, the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, made several important statements covering the recent past and foreseeable future.

According to the admiral, by now the system of service maintenance, scheduled repair and modernization of SGA pr. 1855 "Prize" and pr. 18270/18271 "Bester" has been launched and is effectively operating. Such a system was created within the first stage of the Concept. The work continues, and right now at the Kanonersky shipbuilding plant (St. Petersburg), the AS-36 apparatus of the Bester type from the Severny fleet... The work will be completed next year.


Deep-sea vehicle AS-28 on board the "Kommuna"

The modernization provides for the upgrade of a number of systems, due to which its characteristics will increase, as well as new opportunities for the rescue of submarines will appear. Life support facilities, new positioning systems, hydroacoustic search and television control systems are being modernized. In addition, the AS-36 apparatus will receive new opportunities for operation in the Arctic seas, which is especially important for the Northern Fleet's SGA.

Admiral Evmenov said that the Concept for the development of search and rescue support envisages not only the improvement of existing devices, but also the creation of new ones. They will be developed “in the short term”. The characteristics of the equipment will be determined in accordance with the future use in the Arctic zone - as part of the Northern and Pacific fleets. Other details of the promising development were not given.

Scope of modernization


According to known data, at present, the Russian Navy has only 6 SGA projects 1855 and 18270/18271. Together with rescue carrier vessels, they are distributed among all fleets and are called upon to provide assistance to submarines. The basis of such rescue forces is made up of vehicles of the Prize type in the amount of 4 units. According to the projects "Bester" and "Bester-1", only 2 devices have been built so far.


SGA AS-30 at sea

The Northern Fleet has two SGAs. These are the AS-34 vehicles of the Prize and Bester type AS-36, used on the Georgy Titov and Mikhail Rudnitsky launch vehicles. Two more devices, AS-30 (Prize) and AS-40 (Bester-1), serve in the Pacific Fleet on the Alagez and Igor Belousov vessels, respectively. The Baltic and Black Sea Fleets have one Prize each - AS-26 and AS-28.

Thus, in the fleets with large submarine forces, there are two rescue vessels with SGA on board. The Black Sea and Baltic Fleets have fewer submarines, and therefore I use only one such apparatus.

Rescue vehicles are regularly repaired to maintain technical readiness. In addition, modernization is underway. Work of this kind started at the end of the two thousandth and continues to this day. In mid-October, the Kanonersky Shipyard put into operation the upgraded AS-28 apparatus. Earlier, three other "Prizes" were re-equipped, as a result of which all devices of this type meet modern requirements.


AS-34 apparatus in training

Right now, the enterprise is working on updating the SGA AS-36. It was built according to the original project 18270, and according to the repair results it will correspond to the project Bester-1. Thus, the Navy will have two rescue vehicles of the latest project. At the same time, the ongoing modernization of all available SGAs will be completed.

Update paths


In the course of the modernization of the Prize-type SGA, a complete transition to digital on-board equipment was carried out. New television surveillance systems with high picture quality were installed. Also, new manipulators were introduced, providing a wider range of work. Also, the carrier vessels were modernized for compatibility with the new equipment of underwater vehicles.

During the development of the new project 18270, newer technologies and components were used, which provided some advantages over the previous project 1855. Thus, the Besters, in contrast to the Prizes, can be used on different rescue vessels, and they can also be transported by air or on highways.


Unloading the AS-40 from the plane

In the 18271s, project 1 "Bester-XNUMX" appeared with further innovations. It provides for fully digital equipment, new motion and positioning systems, etc. The most important improvement was the movable suction chamber, which allows you to attach to a submarine lying with a large roll or trim.

According to the project 18271, only one SGA was built, but right now the reconstruction of the Bester AS-36 in its original configuration according to the new project is under way. As the commander-in-chief of the Navy recently clarified, as a result of such modernization, the apparatus will receive new key systems that will increase the efficiency of performing all major tasks.

Apparatus for the Arctic


In the latest statements by the command of the Navy, of particular interest is information about the development of a promising rescue deep-sea vehicle, taking into account the experience of creating and operating the available equipment. For obvious reasons, the details of such a project have not yet been disclosed, although the need to ensure operability in the Arctic is noted.

For search and rescue of submarines in high latitudes, incl. under the ice, the SGA and the carrier vessel should have several important features. So, the carrier must be resistant to ice and be able to use a deep-sea vehicle in almost any area. In a number of situations, the help of an icebreaker is needed. Also, special requirements are imposed on the communication systems connecting the SGA and its carrier.


The Igor Belousov vessel - AS-40 carrier

The SGA itself for the Arctic should be distinguished by increased running characteristics, allowing it to work under ice for a long time. It is possible to increase the requirements for life support systems and for the volume of the compartment for the rescued. At the same time, it is possible to use solutions and technologies that have proven themselves in previous projects. These include a movable docking chamber, advanced hydroacoustic equipment, etc.

Apparently, fundamental changes and revision of the general architecture of the existing SGA are not required, however, the composition of the instrumentation and other features of the project should take into account both recent progress and the special requirements of the customer.

The future of salvation


In the coming years, the Navy will have to operate only the SGA of the Prize and Bester-1 projects. As part of the first stage of the Concept for the development of search and rescue support, they have been modernized and can continue to serve for several years. The second stage of the Concept provides for the development and construction of new deep-sea vehicles.

The Commander-in-Chief of the Navy called the emergence of the new SGA a matter of the near-term perspective, and the Concept is designed for a period until 2025. All this indicates the possibility of developing a project in the coming years, and already in the middle of the decade, the Navy can transfer the head sample of a new type. What it will be and what advantages it will give to the emergency services - time will tell. However, it is already clear that measures are being taken to develop rescue equipment, and submariners will always be able to count on help.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
13 comments
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 11 November 2020 08: 00
    +4
    Thanks for the review!
    The commune (Volkhov) commands sincere respect. I have been standing for more than a century, and more than one talk about rescue ships cannot do without it!

    Regards, Kote!
  2. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 11 November 2020 09: 00
    +3
    It is very important for the NSR, where only a few hundred ships pass a year.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 11 November 2020 12: 59
      +2
      There is an interesting edge here, if we sit still and nod at the lack of "profitability", we will lose experience, ideas and technology skills. It is better to throw money into your developments (even if it is economically not a weekend) than it is banal to sit on money. By the way, over the hillock, we will not be allowed to buy such equipment, but here we will support our manufacturer and improve the science.
      Let sour brew, but its own! And we'll learn how to cook eight honey!
      1. frog
        frog 11 November 2020 14: 16
        +2
        You are certainly right. But, knowing a little "from the inside", how everything happens there .... I'm afraid there will be no sour brew soon ...
      2. A. Privalov
        A. Privalov 11 November 2020 14: 18
        0
        Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
        There is an interesting edge here, if we sit still and nod at the lack of "profitability", we will lose experience, ideas and technology skills. It is better to throw money into your developments (even if it is economically not a weekend) than it is banal to sit on money. By the way, over the hillock, we will not be allowed to buy such equipment, but here we will support our manufacturer and improve the science.
        Let sour brew, but its own! And we'll learn how to cook eight honey!

        This despite the fact that in fact, the country does not sit on "money", and even more, it needs money? Do not misunderstand me, I am a completely outsider and do not prioritize economically disadvantageous developments. However, he who has eyes, let him see, and even if I can see the absurdity of such events, then literally tomorrow they will say at VO, they say, someone again sawed up state funds. hi
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 11 November 2020 14: 37
          +4
          My opinion is simple - the road will be mastered by the walking!
          Personally, I live simply, That I can do everything with my own hands. If I do not know how, I consult or hire a specialist. When he does, I look, I ask, I learn. Once again I try it myself. The main motive, you will do better for yourself, and your work is free for you !!!
          Ultimately, I have everything and it's all done by my own hands or bought with the money I earned.
          You can live differently, whine, beg, play. I will not say that colleagues who have lived for 20 years in rented apartments and hostels are ineffective and received certificates worth 4 million in one fell swoop. But this is their way.
          Returning to the topic, you can blame, or you can do. For me the second is closer !!!
          P.s. I don't consider myself a handy man.
          1. A. Privalov
            A. Privalov 11 November 2020 15: 15
            +3
            Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
            My opinion is simple - the road will be mastered by the walking!

            Many strength, patience and such optimism to you. God bless you!
  3. Falcon5555
    Falcon5555 11 November 2020 15: 57
    0
    Have you figured out why they didn't dock to Kursk?
    If on the sub's docking ring just some kind of shell or seaweed sticks - is that all?
    And some write that the rubber coating was improperly arranged there, and no one noticed this over the years of operation ... sad
    1. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 17 November 2020 14: 54
      +1
      Quote: Falcon5555
      Have you figured out why they didn't dock to Kursk?
      If on the sub's docking ring just some kind of shell or seaweed sticks - is that all?
      And some write that the rubber coating was improperly arranged there, and no one noticed this over the years of operation ...

      On Kursk, due to the displacement of the light hull, the hatch is jammed!
      And so there was a mess before, even the buoys were welded so as not to accidentally lose))) Negligence, however
  4. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 11 November 2020 20: 13
    0
    a necessary and important topic ... we have a submarine fleet ... there are different situations ... people should have a chance to be saved even when something irreparable happened ... and in this sense, deep sea rescuers will help them ...
  5. KSVK
    KSVK 11 November 2020 20: 30
    +2
    Everything has remained so since the days of the Kursk. The money has been spent. No new vehicles, no new supply vessels. Effective PM managers.
    I'm wondering if at least ONE apparatus with a support vessel will be able to perform the task of evacuating submariners from an emergency submarine? In any fleet?
    The question is rhetorical.
    PS I'm ready to receive cons.
    It's a shame when people die for the sake of covering high-ranking stripe-bearing assholes.
  6. evgen1221
    evgen1221 14 November 2020 12: 15
    0
    And what prevents a single habitable compartment for rescue and boat control on the submarine?
  7. ZEMCH
    ZEMCH 17 November 2020 14: 56
    0
    In the Baltic there is one boat, plus those under construction and repair, and one apparatus, in the North there is an order of magnitude more and only two apparatus, we need more