Military Review

Who was called "Farewell, Motherland" in the war: from the memoirs of a participant in the Great Patriotic War

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Who was called "Farewell, Motherland" in the war: from the memoirs of a participant in the Great Patriotic War

Against the backdrop of numerous attempts to distort history The Great Patriotic War, to slander the feat of Soviet soldiers and home front workers, one of the most effective means of opposing such a campaign is the publication of the memoirs of direct participants in the Second World War.


Today, this is precious evidence that, better than any textbook, can tell the younger generation (and not only) how the Soviet soldier fought, what hardships he went through, how he liberated his land and the land of Europe from Nazi enslavers. Memories contain not only facts about the war, but also the very soul of a person.

In the series of programs "I remember" on the channel of Dmitry Puchkov, the testimonies of Nikolai Davydov, a participant in the Second World War, as part of anti-tank artillery units, are presented.

The soldiers of the anti-tank "forty-five" (45-mm artillery pieces) were not accidentally called "Double salary, triple death" or even "Farewell, Motherland!" The thing is that for many anti-tank gunners the first battle turned out to be the last, the front life itself was short.

Nikolai Davydov went to the front, as he says himself, in order to take revenge on the Nazis for the death of his family and friends. By that time, his father and his girlfriend had died. This is exactly how the young then Nikolai answered the question of the battalion commissar to the question of which school he would like to study at:

I do not want to study, because I want to take revenge on the fascists.

Full narration in the video:

35 comments
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  1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
    Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 10 November 2020 13: 48
    +7
    With 45 I always have the first literary association:
    1. Megatron
      Megatron 10 November 2020 14: 03
      -26 qualifying.
      Goblin-bunches, paid for like nightingale and jelly, only for the "historical part".
      1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 10 November 2020 14: 21
        -17 qualifying.
        Quote: Megatron
        Goblin-tufts, paid like nightingale and jelly

        I can't say anything about him, tk. I don’t watch it and, thank God, I don’t listen. Somehow don't give a damn about him. Their such now - like a makhorka fool.
        1. melihov
          melihov 10 November 2020 14: 49
          +9
          And you try, listen, especially his historical dialogues. And if you can analyze and think, you can surely appreciate it.
          1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 10 November 2020 14: 54
            -15 qualifying.
            thanks, no.
            Quote: melihov
            And if you can analyze and think, you can surely appreciate it.

            Come on, he is, I think, one of those "truth bearers" who put already chewed porridge into the brains of their audience. If you are inclined to analyze - use the documents and monographs of authorities, and not the noodles of opportunists. However, to each his own. hi
            1. Bolo
              Bolo 10 November 2020 15: 21
              +8
              "I haven't read, but I condemn?"
              1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 10 November 2020 15: 24
                -4
                Did I write that I "condemn"? I wrote that I didn't give a damn about him.
                1. Krokodil68
                  Krokodil68 19 November 2020 15: 04
                  -1
                  * ... I wrote that I don't give a damn about him .... *
                  -----------------------
                  You will not believe...
                  Him on you - too! laughing
                  1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                    Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 19 November 2020 16: 41
                    0
                    And I don't care about that either.
        2. Catfish
          Catfish 10 November 2020 15: 37
          +6
          Hello Epitaphich hi
          "Like a fool of candy wrappers," and the presence of a large amount of makhra already suggests the presence of some kind of intelligence.
          1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 10 November 2020 15: 44
            +1
            Hello, Kostya.
            Folklore remark is accepted)
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 10 November 2020 15: 46
              0
              Zer gut, comrade. soldier
        3. mister-red
          mister-red 11 November 2020 00: 09
          +6
          Quote: Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Quote: Megatron
          Goblin-tufts, paid like nightingale and jelly

          I can't say anything about him, tk. I don’t watch it and, thank God, I don’t listen. Somehow don't give a damn about him. Their such now - like a makhorka fool.

          You called a person a fool in absentia, without knowing him at all. Listen at least once, it tells a very interesting story, and most importantly it is correct. And not for fools.
          Paid you say? Did you look in your pocket? I do not know, but what he does I estimate very positively. Not everything, of course, but as far as the story is concerned, there is no doubt.
          1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 11 November 2020 00: 24
            -5
            ... Paid you say?

            I, dear, did not say whether it was paid or free, I absolutely do not mind.
            ... and most importantly right.

            ))
            No comment.
            ... And not for fools.

            Of course. You don't consider yourself a fool, being his fan, do you?)
            ... , but what he does I appreciate very positively. Not everything, of course, but as far as history is concerned, there is no doubt.

            No problem, this is your purely personal and subjective. I do not impose my opinion on these web oracles. I thought I said I didn't give a damn about him, no? You are engaged in apologetics of some network guru - this is your business.
            If you do not like the ideomatic expression about 'fool' and 'makhorka' - blame - you are not able to understand the metaphor? It's your problems.
            Best regards, etc.
            S.
            1. Krokodil68
              Krokodil68 19 November 2020 15: 07
              0
              Well .. I read your comments, comrade. Paragraph Epitafievich
              Keep it dear. I earned it honestly ... lol


  2. novel66
    novel66 10 November 2020 13: 50
    +7
    they also forgot: "the barrel is long - life is short"
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Captain Pushkin
      Captain Pushkin 10 November 2020 14: 44
      +8
      In addition to the forty-five, "goodbye Motherland" was also called the SU-76 self-propelled gun, its armor was bulletproof.
      Although the lifespan of any self-propelled gun and any tank depends more on the literacy of use (i.e. on the fathers-commanders) and the skill of the crew than on the thickness of the armor.
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 10 November 2020 15: 34
        +8
        The SU-76 just had the nickname "Death to the enemy, zvizdets calculation" and the second - "Holo @ opy Ferdinand", because her armor was not so much bulletproof as there was no top and rear at all.
        1. Captain Pushkin
          Captain Pushkin 10 November 2020 16: 26
          0
          Quote: Sea Cat
          The SU-76 just had a nickname "Death to the enemy, zazdets calculation" and the second - "Holo @ opy Ferdinand"

          More than 20 million people have visited the active army, so there were many and different nicknames for the weapons. Gradually the most apt ones crystallized, but the others were not always forgotten either.
        2. hohol95
          hohol95 10 November 2020 18: 59
          +5
          From "Columbine" to "Suvorochka" ...
          Better such support for infantry against machine guns than none at all.
          And the German "Marders" were no better. Especially the first "samopaly".
          "Rhinos" and "Bumblebees" were saved by the presence of a long-range gun or 105 mm howitzers, but not armor!
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 10 November 2020 19: 11
            +4
            You can't argue with the soldier's humor, but ... it's better than nothing. smile
            1. hohol95
              hohol95 10 November 2020 20: 30
              +3
              It is better to move the ZiS-3 on a self-propelled chassis than to roll this weapon on your hands!
              One of the veterans recalled that their Su-76 was fired at by a "Tiger" (possibly another German tank with a long-barreled gun). The hit was in the tank! The Su-76 instantly exploded and was thrown out by the explosion. Fortunately, there was no longer a roof and part of the rear side of the hull. He escaped with a shell shock. The rest were killed. There were no traces of the driver at all! Ons walks next to the tanks.
              But I don't think that the German crews of the self-propelled guns I listed were better after Soviet armor-piercing and high-explosive 45 / 76,2 mm shells hit the hulls of their vehicles. And if a shell arrived even larger ...

              1. Catfish
                Catfish 10 November 2020 20: 33
                +1
                Interestingly, as the Germans themselves called their self-propelled coffins, they also had people with a sense of humor.
                1. hohol95
                  hohol95 10 November 2020 20: 43
                  +1
                  Alas. no one knows ... Or did not live. Or they simply became silent in a rag. Moreover, they were considered simply artillerymen. And their uniforms were gray.
        3. The comment was deleted.
        4. mister-red
          mister-red 11 November 2020 00: 14
          +1
          Quote: Sea Cat
          The SU-76 just had the nickname "Death to the enemy, zvizdets calculation" and the second - "Holo @ opy Ferdinand", because her armor was not so much bulletproof as there was no top and rear at all.

          The SU-76 was created on the basis of a light tank. There was simply no way to increase the armor or cover it with armor from above (there was not enough room for the crew).
          The Germans had a similar situation
          PS The post-war self-propelled guns Gvozdika and Acacia also have bulletproof armor. And the modern 2S35 "Coalition-SV is similar
        5. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 11 November 2020 08: 10
          0
          Su 76 was also called ... In general, a female dog and a "mass grave for four".
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 11 November 2020 12: 15
            +1
            When I served, self-propelled guns were called SUCHK in the same way.
    3. Bobrovsky
      Bobrovsky 11 November 2020 20: 22
      0
      And this is about the 57 mm anti-tank.
  3. Victor Red
    Victor Red 10 November 2020 14: 28
    +4
    They also wore special chevrons.

    1. Captain Pushkin
      Captain Pushkin 10 November 2020 14: 36
      +6
      Quote: Victor Red
      They also wore special chevrons.

      In the war, a month of service in the field army was 3, and in anti-tank artillery - a month for 6.
      Another 6 months went in assault units, in rifle and sapper units.
      1. Captain Pushkin
        Captain Pushkin 11 November 2020 10: 47
        +2
        Quote: Captain Pushkin
        Another 6 months went in assault units, in rifle and sapper units.

        Formulated ambiguously. I will clarify.
        Another 6 month went in the assault units, in the assault rifle and in the assault sapper
      2. Bobrovsky
        Bobrovsky 11 November 2020 20: 23
        +1
        And the permanent composition of penal companies and battalions.
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 10 November 2020 19: 04
      +3
      Chief of the armor-piercing. Near the PTRS (PTR Simonov).
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Moskovit
    Moskovit 11 November 2020 05: 48
    +2
    Artyom Drabkin has wonderful cycles of memoirs of front-line soldiers from various branches of the military "I fought ...". Including the memories of the Germans.
  6. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 11 November 2020 11: 02
    +7
    I had a relative. Pre-war graduation officer. He graduated from the war as a colonel of artillery, 152 mm howitzers.
    He told me: after the war, they organized a meeting of graduates of his artillery school. Several pre-war and military issues.
    We came:
    Anti-tank artillery: one legless.
    Field artillery: several people, all disabled, no arm, no leg, etc.
    Frontal or anti-aircraft artillery: 3/4 of the audience.
    He said frankly: "I survived only because we were shooting from behind the front line, and the Germans hardly fired at us."