Military Review

What lies behind the deployment of "Daring" off the southern coast of Crimea

48

As you know, information about the recently acquired certain regularity of operations in the Black Sea of ​​the Arleigh Burke Flight I / II / IIA class destroyers of the United States Navy (USN) and the Type 45 air defense missile defense destroyers (Daring class) of the Royal Navy (RN) has lost its former level of sharpness. In view of the commonplace "dive" between the NATO Naval Forces and the Black Sea fleet The Russian Navy (Chernomorsky Flot, The Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy) in the Azov-Black Sea conventional theater of operations, this topic is no longer the subject of close attention of domestic news and military analytical sites. Meanwhile, a number of military-political and operational-tactical issues are caused by the sudden intensification of patrolling of the western sector of the Black Sea basin by the British Daring class destroyers. While literally two years earlier, the tasks of combat duty and the permanent presence (not without incidents) of the NATO Joint Navy near the Crimean A2 / AD zone were assigned exclusively to the crews of American Arley Burke-class destroyers.


Starting point and key reasons for the deployment of promising Daring class destroyers in the Black Sea


Undoubtedly, the starting point for the beginning of the stage of the permanent presence of Type 45 destroyers in the Black Sea is nothing more than the memorandum on military-technical cooperation concluded between London and Kiev on October 7, 2020. One of the unspoken points of this document provides for the transfer of property of a certain sector of the berthing infrastructure of the Odessa seaport to the disposal of Whitehall in general and the Royal Navy of Great Britain in particular for constructive adaptation to the basing and maintenance of the surface component of the British fleet.

Considering the fact that the primary goal of the command of the British Navy in the Black Sea basin is to establish comprehensive control over all underwater "loopholes" of operating the ultra-low-noise diesel-electric submarines of pr. 636.3 "Varshavyanka" of the Black Sea Fleet. (An eloquent confirmation of this is the repeated mapping of the Black Sea bottom relief by the British hydrographic survey ship HMS "Echo"). In this connection, the more frequent episodes of the appearance of promising Daring-class destroyers on the near approaches to the Crimean A2 / AD zone do not cause absolutely any surprise. After all, these surface ships can boast of the presence of the most powerful mid-frequency in-hull MFS-7000 (Type 2091) SJCs located in bulb fairings and represented by 420 - 430-element acoustic arrays based on highly sensitive hydrophones capable of monitoring the underwater space for sound-emitting objects in the second far zone acoustic illumination (70 - 140 km).

The tasks of hydroacoustic reconnaissance could be assigned to the crews of other surface ships of the NATO OVMS


At the same time, the less expensive Type 23 "Duke" anti-submarine frigates equipped with Type 2050 in-hull sonar systems and Type 2031 low-frequency sonar stations based on flexible extended towed antennas could well cope with this range of tasks. the leading American destroyers of the Arleigh Burke Flight I / II / IIA class, equipped with the latest active-passive sonar systems AN / SQQ-89 (V) 6-15. The question arises of the following nature: what unique technical "trump card" of the "Daring" class destroyers turns these warships into almost the only surface platforms of the United NATO Navy, capable of fulfilling the tasks set by the command of the British Navy in the operational area of ​​responsibility of the Black Sea Fleet as a whole and aviation The Russian Navy in particular?

Sampson's anti-jamming AFAR radars are the key trump card of Type 45 destroyers in performing missions at conventional theaters, replete with modern electronic warfare equipment


Obviously, in this case we are talking about the Sampson multi-functional radar stations for detection / tracking / target designation, located in spherical radio-transparent fairings on the main superstructures of type 45 EM. Unlike the American multifunctional AN / SPY-1D radar based on passive phased array, having a single microwave generator (klystron / TWT) for powering the emitting arrays of transmitting and receiving modules, the Sampson family radars are represented by several times more noise-immune two-way active phased array, each of the 2560 transmitting and receiving modules of which is equipped with individual gallium arsenide microwave transistor attenuator. Individual regulation of their power by means of a group of RISC-microprocessors i860 (in conjunction with the highest frequency selectivity of the primary processing unit) allows Sampson radars to form a flexibly simulated directional pattern with "dips" in sectors of the enemy's radio-electronic interference sources.

Consequently, the Sampsons are much more effective (than the AN / SPY-1D) to neutralize the jamming effect of such electronic countermeasures as the L-265M10 omnidirectional containerized electronic warfare systems Khibiny-M and Khibiny-U, placed on multi-purpose hangers Su-35S fighters of fighter aviation regiments of the Russian Aerospace Forces, as well as multifunctional Su-30SM fighters of the 43rd separate naval assault aviation regiment of the Russian Navy. This feature provides Daring crews with a much higher situational awareness in a difficult jamming environment than the operators of the advertised Aegis combat information and control systems of the Arley Burke destroyers.

Meanwhile, the operation of Sampson radars in the modes of viewing the airspace over the Azov-Chernomorsky theater of operations and the "linking of routes" of air objects provides operators of radio intelligence equipment of the Russian Aerospace Forces with an "unpaved field" of activities in the field of analyzing the frequency parameters of these products for further modeling algorithms interference counteraction, which can be loaded into the on-board computer of any modern electronic warfare systems developed by the Kaluga NIIRT, the Central Scientific Research Institute named after Academician A.I. Berg and other enterprises of similar specialization.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 11 November 2020 06: 02
    +2
    Really
    The tasks of hydroacoustic reconnaissance could be assigned to the crews of other surface ships of the NATO OVMS
    , and they... smile
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 11 November 2020 15: 00
      +2
      Alexey hi,
      So I, barely starting to read the article, immediately guessed where her "ears grow". wink
      1. Cuba
        Cuba 12 November 2020 09: 33
        0
        From an indecent place?
        1. Lexus
          Lexus 12 November 2020 17: 35
          +3
          What lies behind it Damantsev. wassat
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 11 November 2020 15: 08
      +9
      Greetings, colleague hi !
      I have repeatedly told Eugene that excessive enthusiasm for technical details (performance characteristics) of ships will not lead to good. The author, unfortunately, again does not see the forest behind the trees! Therefore, there was a false message that Deering came to the Black Sea Fleet to deal with PLB! - Nonsense!
      Type 45 this is an air defense / missile defense EM with very high data and capabilities.
      Yes, he has a GAS MFS-7000 (podkilny in the nasal bulb), but there is no PLURO, because the PLO OBK is entrusted to frigates type 23 Norfolk type (aka Duke class). Yes, and even that is frail - 2x2 -324 mm TA of the MTLS near-field complex with a "Stingray" torpedo with a cruising range of only 8 km. True, the torpedo is universal in terms of the carrier, therefore it can carry a helicopter (!), Deep-water - the depth of the course is up to 800m and the BZO, although 45kg, is cumulative ...
      And Deering's task is to cover the OBK from the strikes of the anti-ship missiles. Under it, it was made to replace the Type 42, drawing bitter lessons from the 1982 war for the Falklands.
      Somehow, however.
  2. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 11 November 2020 06: 04
    +4
    I wonder if it is possible to come up with underwater drones, mines, torpedoes that react to the sonar pattern of a particular ship. Roughly speaking, an underwater hunter by smell determines what kind of game is in front of him.
    Launched such a pike somewhere from the coast of the sea and let it go for free hunting.
    1. midivan
      midivan 11 November 2020 06: 15
      +5
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      I wonder if it is possible to come up with underwater drones, mines, torpedoes that react to the sonar pattern of a particular ship

      It's hard to live without ... knowledge, right? I understand you very much, myself crying Reading the article, I also imagined drones, but only of a different kind - a small apparatus that carries a record of the submarine's noises and broadcasts it through the speakers located on the towed hitch, creating the illusion of a full-fledged boat, in the apparatus itself the emitter source is outstanding for the radar and sonor of the boat. We sit quietly and collect cons from specialists fellow
      1. Koval Sergey
        Koval Sergey 11 November 2020 06: 25
        21
        Good morning, colleagues hi Daringi are not in the territorial waters of Russia, they have the right to conduct reconnaissance, as we are near them.
        1. Hagen
          Hagen 11 November 2020 08: 39
          +3
          Quote: Sergey Koval
          Daringi are not in the territorial waters of Russia, they have the right to conduct reconnaissance, as we are near them.

          I think that experts from the 475th center of the electronic warfare of the Black Sea Fleet agree with you, who since 2017 have been collecting data in a passive mode on everything that floats and flies around the Crimea, in order to extinguish the identified ranges by 3-5 thousand km around the peninsula.
      2. Jacket in stock
        Jacket in stock 11 November 2020 06: 25
        +7
        Quote: midivan
        imagined, but only of a different kind - a small apparatus that carries a recording of the submarine's noises and broadcasts it through the speakers

        Yes, just like that, the false goal is arranged. And not necessarily towed. There are also self-propelled ones.
        1. midivan
          midivan 11 November 2020 06: 31
          +2
          Quote: Jacket in stock

          Yes, how is it that the false goal is arranged

          Here are those on belay Can you tell me how to get away from here, so as not to disgrace yourself anymore? sad lol
    2. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 11 November 2020 06: 23
      +5
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      I wonder if you can think of

      If you're really interested, check back a few days. Here on the site a couple of times in the past week that is exactly what was discussed.
      1. midivan
        midivan 11 November 2020 06: 34
        0
        Thanks. Don't you remember the title of the article and the heading?
        1. Jacket in stock
          Jacket in stock 11 November 2020 06: 48
          0
          Quote: midivan
          article title
          well, for example:
          https://topwar.ru/176812-hammerhead-ne-ubijca-posejdonov-on-ubijca-ih-nositelej.html
          1. midivan
            midivan 11 November 2020 10: 42
            -1
            Quote: Jacket in stock
            Quote: midivan
            article title
            well, for example:
            https://topwar.ru/176812-hammerhead-ne-ubijca-posejdonov-on-ubijca-ih-nositelej.html

            hi
      2. Lech from Android.
        Lech from Android. 11 November 2020 08: 05
        -1
        smile I lagged behind life ... Work, work ... There is no time to sit on sites ... I finally bought a smartphone, now there is an opportunity to keep abreast of rapidly changing events. hi
  3. Turist1996
    Turist1996 11 November 2020 06: 56
    17
    One thing I do not understand for sure, why does Eugene at the beginning of the article duplicate the names of the Black Sea and fleets in English? Is it so fashionable to write now? Or just graphomania?
    1. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 11 November 2020 07: 15
      21
      Quote: Turist1996
      , what for

      The fee depends on the number of characters printed.
      In his texts, sometimes you can even throw out almost half of the words, and sometimes it is necessary to understand what he wrote about in general.
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 11 November 2020 21: 40
        +6
        In his texts, sometimes you can even throw out almost half of the words, and sometimes it is necessary to understand what he wrote about in general.

        Not only him. There is another such pissing moderator.
        1. Alien From
          Alien From 12 November 2020 23: 15
          +1
          Indeed there is) in the days of his combat duty, so to speak, there are a lot of deleted comments)
    2. Toucan
      Toucan 11 November 2020 07: 16
      +9
      To understand this, just read a few articles by this author. wassat In all about the same thing: a bunch of abbreviations and "pulling an owl on the globe." At the same time, this author does not always understand what he is writing about. In one of his recent publications, he confused semi-active radar guidance with radio command guidance of the second kind.
      1. akarfoxhound
        akarfoxhound 11 November 2020 09: 45
        +7
        This author -> author -> the author in the absolute mass of his articles does not understand what he is writing about.
        1. Toucan
          Toucan 11 November 2020 09: 50
          +5
          Fortunately, I have not read all of his publications. But those that he mastered are mostly unconfirmed fantasies, a meaningless set of abriaviatura and terms.
    3. Yngvar
      Yngvar 11 November 2020 07: 17
      +3
      And this is to make it incomprehensible, but great!
      1. Evil543
        Evil543 11 November 2020 07: 46
        +6
        This is to start the brain in the morning. All the same, you can't understand without translation into Russian.
    4. Cuba
      Cuba 12 November 2020 09: 37
      0
      the language of the masters of the World for many as a holy balm !!
  4. Eug
    Eug 11 November 2020 07: 22
    +2
    As far as I understand, the UK-Turkey-Ukraine alliance has not yet been formed. The United States is forced to pay more and more attention to the Chinese fleet, and internal problems also need to be resolved, and the Black Sea is the sphere of action of the most active and loyal allies (except for Turkey, which is largely situational). So we are waiting for the English base (support point) on the Ukrainian coast.
  5. TatarinSSSR
    TatarinSSSR 11 November 2020 07: 45
    10
    Lord, Domantsev! Find a normal and decent job for yourself, stop scribbling nauseous delirium! Not to mention the repetitions of the name of the seas and fleets in English in the text! Well, is it really not clear to you that you are not the kind of person who can write meaningful, interesting text? I appeal to the respected Wo, how much can you spread the fiction-copy-posts of this nonsense scribe?
  6. novel66
    novel66 11 November 2020 08: 04
    +3
    and if you come up on a small boat and sound loudly - will the hydroacoustics fail?
    1. Jacket in stock
      Jacket in stock 11 November 2020 08: 25
      +4
      We can refuse, but maybe not.
      But it will be regarded as an attack with all the consequences.
      In the current situation, this is definitely not for us in height.
      1. Cuba
        Cuba 12 November 2020 09: 38
        0
        And if a rusty mine from the Second World War under the keel burns? ... by chance, of course ...
  7. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 11 November 2020 09: 28
    +4
    Gavrila ("Daring") walked south of the Crimea,
    "Khibin" Gavrila was scoring.
    1. Cuba
      Cuba 12 November 2020 09: 40
      +2
      Gavrila was a superman
      Gavrila lived in Pendustan!
  8. faiver
    faiver 11 November 2020 12: 37
    +4
    And again, I identified the author of the article even before its opening. laughing
    I didn’t read
  9. Joker62
    Joker62 11 November 2020 13: 26
    +1
    Quote: novel xnumx
    and if you come up on a small boat and sound loudly - will the hydroacoustics fail?

    and maybe loudly "fart" into a puddle ??? wassat
  10. iouris
    iouris 11 November 2020 13: 49
    -2
    Have you tried to occupy the Black Sea coast of Russia (at least to Romania)? And why? And to experience "pure" hydrogen on Novaya Zemlya? No? What's going on, huh?
  11. AB
    AB 11 November 2020 14: 04
    0
    Isn't it time for Russia to conduct combat training in this area?
  12. zyablik.olga
    zyablik.olga 11 November 2020 14: 28
    +6
    It's a pity the minuses of the articles were removed ... request
  13. Lex_is
    Lex_is 11 November 2020 15: 26
    +4
    What kind of fierce nonsense have I read?

    Undoubtedly, the starting point for the beginning of the stage of the permanent presence of Type 45 destroyers in the Black Sea is nothing more than the prisoner on October 7, 2020 between London

    Here it is, it turns out!
    True, HMS Daring (D32) deployed to the Black Sea in April 2017, and HMS Duncan (D37) deployed to the Black Sea in June 2017, and together with HMCS Toronto, in July 2019.
    But the starting point was the 2020 memorandum aha ... wassat wassat
  14. 1536
    1536 11 November 2020 16: 07
    +1
    Funny they are these British, she bo! Their Second World War taught only that it is better for Britain itself to become a dictatorial totalitarian state, hiding behind the rhetoric of mythical "democracy" than to actually build a new post-war world. They seemed to have frozen somewhere in the XIX century and early XX. There is only one Russian proverb: "God did not give a horn to a thirsty cow."
    If so, then let them answer the question, if Nicholas I, the Russian Tsar at the time of the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853, had atomic weapons and the means of delivering them directly to the British Isles, how would he look at the maneuvers of the English squadron around the Crimean Peninsula then? Probably, as to the play of children in his residence in Tsarskoe Selo: "whatever the child does not amuse himself, if only he does not cry"?
  15. Turanov
    Turanov 11 November 2020 19: 08
    -4
    The USA is just going foolishly into Our Black Sea and for good reason, to be honest .. wink
    We make Crimea a sort of Brest fortress! Fortunately, a lot of what remained after the collapse of the USSR and svidomye did not blow up everything (bunkers and other catacombs) So the modernization is in full swing "gentlemen" .. Kerch bridge to help us!
  16. Dimon Krasnodar
    Dimon Krasnodar 11 November 2020 22: 24
    +5
    It’s unpleasant to have daring by your side, in general, the British turned out to be a successful ship
  17. Crabong
    Crabong 12 November 2020 16: 07
    -2
    To crush them with radio electronic means from the Crimea, so that there is one cacophony on the equipment! Simulate rocket attacks! Connect the aircraft, let the Su-24 fly over them with afterburner around the clock ...
    1. Oprichnik
      Oprichnik 15 November 2020 17: 31
      0
      You can fly, but jet fuel is expensive these days. And who will pay for it for round the clock flights?
  18. Protos
    Protos 12 November 2020 17: 18
    -2
    Quote: akarfoxhound
    This author -> author -> author -> author in the absolute mass of his articles he does not understand what he is writing about.

    Throw off links to your articles, we will read it with pleasure
  19. Armen Sologyan
    Armen Sologyan 16 November 2020 12: 21
    0
    And I feel sorry for a potential aggressor who wants to attack the Russian Federation. Russia has non-pulsed nuclear weapons. In general, they will not even have time to understand what happened.
  20. Brama agnihotra
    Brama agnihotra 20 November 2020 16: 24
    0
    These, if I may say so, destroyers are designed to guard the British blunt aircraft carriers and are excellent targets for MRKs and missile boats, such as "Samum" and "Boro" ....
  21. Anatoly Bartenev
    Anatoly Bartenev 23 November 2020 17: 58
    0
    For the British Navy, the Black Sea is an inglorious grave, the more they drive ships into this pit, the more interesting it will be for future divers.