Military Review

The French Navy received the first nuclear submarine of the new generation

31
The French Navy received the first nuclear submarine of the new generation

The French Navy has officially received the new type of nuclear-powered multifunctional submarine Suffren, the Barracuda. The handover ceremony took place on 6 November in Toulon.


The French Ministry of Defense and the Naval Group shipbuilding association signed an act of acceptance of the submarine, and immediately after it an act of transfer of the submarine by the Main Directorate of Armaments to the Naval Forces was signed. The submarine has been assigned the tail number S 635. The Minister of Defense of the Republic, Florence Parley, was present at the ceremony.

Despite the signed acts, the submarine has not yet finally entered the French Navy, its final entry is scheduled for 2021. Now the submarine will begin to undergo the so-called "operational tests", which will take place under the auspices of the Ministry of Defense, and not a shipyard.

The head submarine Suffren of the Barracuda class has been under construction for over 10 years. She was laid down in December 2007, launched in July 2019, and factory sea trials began on April 27, 2020.

On April 28, 2020, the submarine made its first test dive. On September 1, 2020, for the first time, she fired a practical shot with a 533-mm F21 torpedo, on September 23, an Exocet SM39 anti-ship missile was launched from a submerged position from a torpedo tube, and on October 28, an MdCN cruise missile (Scalp Naval) was launched from a submerged position from a torpedo tube. On September 27, the power plant was tested at full power and maximum stroke.

The Naval Group is currently building five more Barracuda-class submarines to add to the French fleet from 2022 to 2030. Submarines of this series are to replace the aging Rubis-class submarines built between 1976 and 1993 in the French Navy.

The submarine's displacement is about 5300 tons, the length is 99 m, the service life of the nuclear reactor reaches 10 years. Swimming autonomy - up to 70 days. The working depth of the immersion is 350 meters. The submarines will be armed with Scalp Naval and Exocet cruise missiles, as well as Black Shark heavy torpedoes.
Photos used:
French Navy
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  1. APASUS
    APASUS 9 November 2020 12: 00
    0
    The head submarine Suffren of the Barracuda class has been under construction for over 10 years.

    Not too long for France? This we are constantly reproached for long-term construction
    1. Winnie76
      Winnie76 9 November 2020 12: 04
      +6
      Severodvinsk has been under construction for 17 years. So the reproach is not in vain
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 9 November 2020 12: 09
        +2
        Quote: Winnie76
        Severodvinsk has been under construction for 17 years. So the reproach is not in vain

        Do not confuse lean with bland !!
        Severodvinsk was laid at the Sevmash enterprise on December 21, 1993, in the most difficult times of perestroika.
        France also has perestroika and hard times?
        1. Winnie76
          Winnie76 9 November 2020 12: 17
          +8
          Quote: APASUS
          Do not confuse lean with bland !!
          Severodvinsk was laid at the Sevmash enterprise on December 21, 1993, in the most difficult times of perestroika.

          Yeah. All this is understandable. Are you saying that we build quickly? What about Gren? Laid down in 2004. Adopted in 2018. Also restructuring? I understand it is stuffed with the latest technologies)))) But still 14 years on the BDK is a little cool
          1. APASUS
            APASUS 9 November 2020 12: 55
            +2
            Quote: Winnie76
            Yeah. All this is understandable. Are you saying that we build quickly? What about Gren? Laid down in 2004. Adopted in 2018. Also restructuring? I understand it is stuffed with the latest technologies)))) But still 14 years on the BDK is a little cool

            No, we are not building quickly, but if you still haven't figured out the comments, what have I got to do with it? The criticism is addressed primarily to the French shipbuilding industry, if you don't understand
            1. The comment was deleted.
          2. antivirus
            antivirus 9 November 2020 17: 18
            +1
            both the Franks and the Russians confirm their presence in the UN Security Council by the level of technology and their use.
        2. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A 9 November 2020 14: 24
          +2
          Quote: APASUS

          France also has perestroika and hard times?

          And when all sorts of "philanthropists of the Arab-Muslim directions" come to power, who begin to pay benefits to the unemployed allegedly,
          defense spending is cut tenfold ...
          Is this not akin to perestroika and hard times?
      2. Doccor18
        Doccor18 9 November 2020 12: 17
        0
        Quote: Winnie76
        Severodvinsk has been under construction for 17 years. So the reproach is not in vain

        Severodvinsk was built for so long not because of technical problems, but because of political and, sometimes, financial ones. The French have been solving technical problems all this time.
        1. Winnie76
          Winnie76 9 November 2020 12: 21
          +2
          Quote: Doccor18
          The French have been solving technical problems all this time.

          Why did you decide that the French did not have financial problems? And what about the absence of technical problems in Severodvinsk? Can you confirm your words with something?
          1. Doccor18
            Doccor18 9 November 2020 14: 29
            +4
            The Severodvinsk project was completed in 1990 ... Not the most successful year for the country. Laid only at the end of 1993. For two and a half years, construction went not shaky, not roll, and in 1996 it stopped altogether at 8! years ... Of course, over the years the project has become somewhat outdated and in the early 2000s new ones have appeared ... As a result, after making some changes in the element base, Severodvinsk left the slipway shop for the Sukhona floating dock only in 2010, and a little later was launched.
            What if the project was not ready in 1990, but in 1985? Then in 1990 the boat would be 95% likely to become part of the fleet ...
          2. Boa kaa
            Boa kaa 9 November 2020 17: 46
            +2
            Quote: Winnie76
            lack of technical problems in Severodvinsk? Can you confirm your words with something?
            To understand what is the matter and why such a time frame, let's look at the history of the construction of Severodvinsk:
            The technical design of the boat was prepared in the late 1980s, but later was redesigned taking into account the changes in the requirements of the Navy leadership and taking into account the beginning of tests of the promising and common anti-ship missile "Onyx" for different carriers (1987). In 1989, a decision was made to stop the development of specialized submarines and finalization of the project 885 for the Onyx anti-ship missile system and the Granat missile-launcher with the installation of a vertical launch launcher on the boat.
            Submarine design was completed in 1991. Until 2000, it was planned to accept in the Navy from 6 to 9 SSGNs of the project. The lead boat of Project 885 K-329 (in 2013 it became known that the boat was called K-560) "Severodvinsk" 10.12.1993 was included in the lists of the Navy ships and laid down at PO "Sevmash" (Severodvinsk) 21.12.1993 with serial number 160. When laying it was assumed that launching would take place in 1996 with delivery to the Fleet in 1998. work on the construction of the boat is actually suspended. In 2001, it was decided to redesign the submarine according to the modified project 08850 with launching in 2005. ... The withdrawal of the submarine "Severodvinsk" from the slipway shop of the PO "Sevmash" took place on June 15.06.2010, 24.06.2010, and the launching from the launching dock took place on June XNUMX, XNUMX.
            August 13, 2012 information appeared in the media that the acceptance of the boat by the Fleet will take place no earlier than 2013. due to deficiencies identified during the tests.
            December 12, 2012 Izvestia reports that the Severodvinsk SSGN did not pass the next second stage of factory tests (although the newspaper uses the term "State tests"). The reason is a large number of comments and defects. At the same time, it is reported that the Main Command of the Navy has no complaints about the SSGN and considers the passed stage of testing not a stage of State tests, but intermediate tests of the rocket complex. On November 5, 2013, the media reported that the boat's factory tests were successfully completed on the 14th launch to the sea. In total, during the factory tests, the boat spent 222 days at sea, covered tens of thousands of nautical miles and made more than a hundred dives and ascents. it is reported that the boat has begun to implement the State Test program (source). The acceptance of the boat by the Fleet as of October 2013 is expected on December 25.12.2013, XNUMX.

            It turns out: redevelopment, alteration of what was previously piled under the new RK, which did not want to shoot at the TTZ that the Fleet presented to it.
            Can someone have other data? Then I will read it with pleasure. yes
        2. Avior
          Avior 9 November 2020 12: 32
          +3
          Sufren was built according to plan and schedule.
          10 years for the first was originally planned, ordered everything at once, the rest every one and a half - two years
      3. Sergey Kazarinov
        Sergey Kazarinov 9 November 2020 20: 12
        0
        The lead boat of project 855 was built since 1993. I was there myself (in shop 55) in 1996 - the technical readiness was 70%. So recount the years
    2. the Saint
      the Saint 9 November 2020 18: 03
      0
      Quote: APASUS
      Not too long for France? This we are constantly reproached for long-term construction

      As time has shown, the significant "slippage" in the implementation of the Barracuda project (more than 10 years have passed since the laying of the Suffren lead submarine until its launch) only played into the hands of DCNS specialists, who managed to carefully consider all technical problems and diseases "that arose during the construction and operation of both the American and British MAPLs" Virginia "and" Estute ", and the Russian MAPL of pr.885, and then eliminate the causes of their occurrence during the construction of the lead nuclear submarine" Suffren ".
  2. Oleg83
    Oleg83 9 November 2020 12: 06
    -1
    the service life of a nuclear reactor reaches 10 years

    Some kind of frail reactor, in Russia and the United States, reactors are already set for a full life cycle (without recharge)
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 9 November 2020 17: 54
      -1
      Quote: oleg83
      the service life of a nuclear reactor reaches 10 years

      Some kind of frail reactor, in Russia and the United States, reactors are already set for a full life cycle (without recharge)

      The whole point is not in the reactor, but in TVEL-ah (fuel assemblies).
      The French are not yet able to achieve uniform, long-term and complete burnout of nuclear fuel in them. We and the Yankees seem to have achieved this ... therefore one charge for the entire life of the boat.
  3. Asad
    Asad 9 November 2020 12: 06
    -8
    What can you wish for a potential adversary? So that the number of ascents does not coincide with the number of dives?
  4. lucul
    lucul 9 November 2020 12: 12
    -2
    The French Navy has officially received the new type of nuclear-powered multifunctional submarine Suffren, the Barracuda. The handover ceremony took place on 6 November in Toulon.

    "It would be better if the pensioners were given money")))
    1. tralflot1832
      tralflot1832 9 November 2020 12: 15
      +2
      Not retirees, but "yellow" vests! hi
      1. The comment was deleted.
  5. Tsoy
    Tsoy 9 November 2020 12: 25
    +1
    The lead boat therefore takes so long. The remaining five ordered must be delivered within 8 years.
    1. K-612-O
      K-612-O 9 November 2020 13: 17
      +2
      You know, but 5 thousand tons in 10 years is too much. Head Borey was built faster, comparable only to Ash, but it is 3,5 times larger
      1. Tsoy
        Tsoy 9 November 2020 15: 32
        +1
        You know, but 5 thousand tons in 10 years is too much. Head Borey was built faster, comparable only to Ash, but it is 3,5 times larger


        New project with many innovations (for France). Their submarine has never shone, but unlike England, for example, the whole boat is made using its own technologies. the French prefer to suffer but build themselves. Long, but their experience is limited.
  6. Alien From
    Alien From 9 November 2020 12: 50
    +1
    And not to say that they quickly built it ...
    1. SovAr238A
      SovAr238A 9 November 2020 14: 45
      +3
      Quote: Alien From
      And not to say that they quickly built it ...

      So her percentage of novelty is almost 40% ...
      And piping a nuclear reactor with all its steam loops in small dimensions is a daunting task ..
      And making it is much more difficult than making a 15 thousandth monster ...
      1. Arthur 85
        Arthur 85 9 November 2020 17: 52
        -1
        And what about our diminutiveness? Was it a pity? so this is not a problem for a long time. It is better to have a monster, which cannot be overwhelmed with one torpedo, and habitability conditions, and normal UVP, and not launch through a TA. Low noise? Not a fact. The water will flow more laminar over the large building. And GUS can be slammed the size of a Titanic to diagnose Coca Jean with stomach problems 20 miles away.
        1. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A 9 November 2020 18: 23
          +1
          Quote: Arthur 85
          And what about our diminutiveness? Was it a pity? so this is not a problem for a long time. It is better to have a monster, which cannot be overwhelmed with one torpedo, and habitability conditions, and normal UVP, and not launch through a TA. Low noise? Not a fact. The water will flow more laminar over the large building. And GUS can be slammed the size of a Titanic to diagnose Coca Jean with stomach problems 20 miles away.

          Any nuclear submarine is killed by one torpedo.
          Helped Kursk 24 thousand displacement?

          no. did not help.
          So stop repeating the bullshit and nonsense about the ability of big boats to take blows.
          And it won't help anyone.
          The boat in the conditions of a direct hit from a combat torpedo - sinks with 100% certainty.


          If someone tells you otherwise, burn him and crucify him ...
          In order for him to understand how his lies must be avenged ...
        2. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A 9 November 2020 18: 27
          0
          Quote: Arthur 85
          And what about our diminutiveness? Was it a pity? so this is not a problem for a long time. It is better to have a monster, which cannot be overwhelmed with one torpedo, and habitability conditions, and normal UVP, and not launch through a TA. Low noise? Not a fact. The water will flow more laminar over the large building. And GUS can be slammed the size of a Titanic to diagnose Coca Jean with stomach problems 20 miles away.

          And further..
          About the laminar flow around 15 thousanders - it's out of tune ...
          At least at the current level of development of detection technology - monsters are found in large cases ...
          The same Rubies - on a low-noise course, were never found by anyone ...
          In full - easily and repeatedly ...
          So clearer?
      2. Arthur 85
        Arthur 85 9 November 2020 18: 17
        0
        And in general, I've never been a sailor, but I'll put in my 5 kopecks. John Clerk adds to my audacity ...
        Why is this microminiaturization of ships at all? Previously, it was clear: armored steel is expensive, there are few boathouses ... Now - order in Korea a hull for at least 500 kt, at least for a million tons. The speed of modern ships at 18 knots would have pleased Admiral Rozhdestvensky. A tanker of 600 tons had a speed of 15 knots. Well, you can finish a little ... But such a case can be divided into half a thousand sealed compartments. Weapons, airplanes on a 400 meter deck, habitability ... One pool for sailors, one for foremen, one for officers, and one for the captain personally ... -y missiles, without an engine and air defense for 1500 years.
        I don’t accept the argument “no money” after the 50 billion Olympiad ... Can anyone imagine that the USSR held an Olympiad in 35?
        1. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A 9 November 2020 18: 33
          +1
          Quote: Arthur 85
          And in general, I've never been a sailor, but I'll put in my 5 kopecks. John Clerk adds to my audacity ...
          Why is this microminiaturization of ships at all? Previously, it was clear: armored steel is expensive, there are few boathouses ... Now - order in Korea a hull for at least 500 kt, at least for a million tons. The speed of modern ships at 18 knots would have pleased Admiral Rozhdestvensky. A tanker of 600 tons had a speed of 15 knots. Well, you can finish a little ... But such a case can be divided into half a thousand sealed compartments. Weapons, airplanes on a 400 meter deck, habitability ... One pool for sailors, one for foremen, one for officers, and one for the captain personally ... -y missiles, without an engine and air defense for 1500 years.
          I don’t accept the argument “no money” after the 50 billion Olympiad ... Can anyone imagine that the USSR held an Olympiad in 35?


          What is this set of thoughts peculiar to magic mushrooms?
          What does Rozhestvensky and the tanker have to do with it?


          Miniaturization of ships gives:
          low magnetometric detection rates.
          minimal distortion of the water flow, on the swelling of the case, some call it "laminar" ...
          the minimum hump on the water surface, not selectable by the radar by PLO aircraft, during the movement of the nuclear submarine under water ...
          The decrease in the GAS mark is simply due to the size. and if against the background of shallow water. then the boat is generally lost amid noise ...
          Reducing the number of the numerical strength (and this is tens of millions of euros in fact) ...
          And many other indicators ...
          1. Arthur 85
            Arthur 85 9 November 2020 23: 26
            0
            Well, in this case, I meant a surface ship, but in general, the objections are clear.
            And the number of personnel on a modern large ship is not so great.
  7. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 9 November 2020 19: 38
    0
    "The head submarine Suffren of the Barracuda class has been under construction for over 10 years. She was laid down in December 2007, launched in July 2019, and the factory sea trials began on April 27, 2020."
    Thus, the conclusion follows.
    There is no need to pour ashes on the skull and curse our shipbuilding.
    Our fighters are on a par. Considering the difference in supply and support ... We would have caught up and perhaps overtaken. Especially if the team is mathematically interested. Not the management of the enterprise. hi