Military Review

Tactical triaxial vehicle. The history of the birth of KamAZ-4310

59
Tactical triaxial vehicle. The history of the birth of KamAZ-4310
Experienced KamAZ-4310. Source: autowp.ru


Factory from scratch


In the 60s in the Soviet Union there was a need for trucks capable of taking on board up to 8 tons of cargo and towing the same amount in a trailer. The Minsk Automobile Plant could no longer fully cope with this task, and it mainly produced cars with a carrying capacity of more than 10 tons. A lot of forces and resources were taken away from Minsk residents by specialized projects for the Ministry of Defense.

As an option, we considered the possibility of loading ZIL with the production of heavy trucks, but the enterprise was barely enough to produce a line of 5-ton 130/131 trucks. It was decided not to expand and modernize the existing production, but to create it at a new location. At the same time, they tried to localize the production of truck components at one plant as much as possible.

This was largely the result of strategic planning during the Cold War. Since the Great Patriotic War, they remembered how production was disrupted tanks and other equipment due to interruptions in supplies from subcontractors. Therefore, it was decided to build a motor plant with an assembly line.

In 1969, in Naberezhnye Chelny, the first stone was laid in the foundation of a new mega-plant, which eventually received the name "Kamsky Automobile". For its time, it was the world's largest full-cycle truck factory. KamAZ was supposed to almost 100% assemble cars from its own components.

This was a unique and obscure feature of the enterprise for capitalism. Young people from all over the Union took part in the construction of the enterprise, and many design bureaus were involved in the development of the main product - the truck.

The main creator of the main model for the conveyor was the flagship of the Soviet automotive industry - the Moscow plant named after I.A.Likhachev. In the course of work, the Yaroslavl Motor Plant created at least twenty variants of the power unit, consisting of a diesel engine, a clutch and a gearbox. The Odessa Automobile Assembly Plant was responsible for the development of semi-trailers for the KamAZ mainline tractors, and the Minsk Automobile Plant developed a dump truck for actual competitors. The head design bureau for trailers from Balashov, Saratov region, was engaged in its core work - trailers.

The development of the truck was started simultaneously with the start of construction of the plant - in 1969. The resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers on "Construction of a complex of factories for the production of trucks and heavy-duty road trains" was issued back in 1967 and there was not even a word about a site in the Tatar ASSR. Initially, they chose between Kazakhstan and Ukraine, but in the end the choice fell on Naberezhnye Chelny. The mega-plant was supposed to be called "Batyr", that is, "Bogatyr" in Tatar.


A photo that speaks for itself. Source: kama24.ru

Unfortunately, they could not create a modern automobile plant on their own - even then the backwardness of domestic machine-tool building and industrial construction affected. A similar problem was with the Volzhsky and Izhevsky automobile plants. In the first case, an Italian from FIAT came to the rescue, and in the second - the French from Renault and Japanese contractors. It is worth remembering that Izhevsk Automobile was subordinate to the Ministry of Defense Industry, and this created particular difficulties in working with capitalists from abroad.

Initially, the USSR did not plan to develop a truck from scratch and until the very beginning of the 70s they were looking for a partner in the west. Recall that at this time at ZIL, a model for the plant under construction was already in full swing. Obviously, if the negotiators succeeded, the developments would simply be put on the shelf, or (in the most optimistic version) put on the conveyor instead of the ZIL-130.

Negotiations with Daimler-Benz AG were among the first. The Germans were offered a contract for the licensed production of trucks and the construction of a production base in Naberezhnye Chelny. But the bosses from Daimler-Benz were not satisfied with the financial conditions and losses from the sale of Soviet trucks to third countries. In Stuttgart, they wanted to control all export deliveries of licensed cars from Naberezhnye Chelny, but this, in turn, did not suit the Soviet leadership. History the Germans returned theirs - modern KamAZ is largely based on German technologies and partially belongs to Daimler-Benz.

By 1970, the portfolio of potential partners of KamAZ also included Ford Motor Co. Even Henry Ford II himself managed to visit the USSR and admire the scale of construction. But this time the deal was thwarted by the US military, who feared the appearance of a tactical military truck from the Soviet Union, which the new plant would produce in the tens of thousands a year.

The Pentagon and the CIA did not allow the USSR to conclude a deal with the American Mack Truck Inc. The reason was similar - to prevent the Soviets from obtaining modern dual-use technologies. In Langley, by the way, they very carefully followed the construction of the plant in Naberezhnye Chelny and calculated the potential of the enterprise.

In Truck Press, President Nixon is quoted as saying, based on an obvious CIA delusion:

"Kamsk trucks can be used to transport heavy military cargo, but they are not designed for military needs and are more likely to be used in industry and agriculture."

In general, the Americans did not agree to sell a license for the production of a truck, but they gave the go-ahead for the supply of production equipment.


KamAZ-4310 in the classic form. Source: autowp.ru

According to the most plausible calculations (we most likely will not know the real numbers), the Kama Automobile Plant cost the Soviet Union 4,7 billion rubles. A large part of this money (about $ 430 million) went to the United States to pay for industrial equipment: riveting lines for frames, gear cutting machines, foundry and much more.

When the second line of the plant went into operation in 1982, up to 30% of the annual production, that is, about 45 thousand vehicles, went to the needs of the USSR Ministry of Defense. And the most charismatic of them was KamAZ-4310, which first came out (to spite the CIA) from the gates of the plant on March 28, 1981.

Car from Moscow


When ZIL in 1969 received the task to quickly develop a car for the Kama plant, the design bureau was already in full swing building the concept of a similar truck for its own conveyor. The car bore the name ZIL-170, and all the developments on it were actually given to KamAZ. The head of the Zilovsky design bureau of heavy vehicles V.A.Vyazmin wrote about this:

“We gave our design groundwork to the Kama project - the ZIL-170 car. We considered it a great success that the work did not have to start from scratch. There is a certain basis, albeit the most general one, there is an embryo from which a design solution must germinate. This means that the country will get a new truck sooner. And what brand will be attached to its radiator grill (ZIL or KAMAZ) is not so important, in any case the brand is ours, Soviet ”.

The chief designer of the truck project adapted for KamAZ was appointed ZIL engineer, Doctor of Technical Sciences A. M. Krieger. In total, ZIL developed a whole line of trucks, of which all-wheel drive vehicles were of the greatest interest to the military. These were flatbed tractors with a 6x6 wheel arrangement for operation as part of road trains: KamAZ-4310, KamAZ-43101, KamAZ-43102, KamAZ-43103, KamAZ-43104, as well as all-wheel drive truck tractors (6x6) for work as part of KAMAZ road trains -4410.


















Tests on the route Moscow - Chita - Irkutsk - Moscow. Source: ru.cars.photo

The KAMAZ employees who received "turnkey" cars from Moscow only needed to organize production at a new enterprise. From 1972 to 1976, the first eight KamAZ-4310 trucks in various designs were tested at the factory. From April 1976 to March 1977, four all-terrain vehicles were subjected to interdepartmental acceptance tests. It was a difficult race on dirt roads along the route Moscow - Ashgabat - Moscow, during which the cars covered more than 37 thousand kilometers. There were cold tests in the vicinity of Chita - the temperature sometimes dropped to minus 42 degrees.






Tests by cold and heat. Source: ru.cars.photo

The testers praised the new ATVs. On the run, the prototypes were accompanied by several ZIL-131 and Ural-375, with which the Kama cars were involuntarily compared. According to eyewitnesses, after a hard day, the drivers jumped out of the ZIL and Ural cabins squeezed like lemons, which seriously contrasted with the cheerful state of the drivers of the experimental KamAZ trucks.

The sprung cab was spacious, airtight enough, and the seats were cushioned. During the tests of all-terrain vehicles, the shortcomings of the YaMZ-740 engines were revealed, which were promptly eliminated in Yaroslavl. For example, on a steep climb, crankcase oil could enter the air intake. We also had to replace the structural steel of the front axle beam - on one of the cars it burst when crossing the dune. In Central Asia, all-terrain tires have proven to be unreliable. The testers say that they changed six sets of four KamAZ trucks and because of this they had to call a meeting from Moscow with spare tires. According to the results of the race, the Research Institute of the Tire Industry made the necessary changes, and the "shoes" for the military truck began to correspond to its purpose.

Продолжение следует ...
Author:
59 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Virus-free crown
    Virus-free crown 9 November 2020 18: 06
    25
    Ahhh ... what kind of power steering does he have ... mmmm ... fellow on clean asphalt, the front wheels turn, if you turn the steering wheel with one little finger of your left hand, and this car stands still !!! ... about cross-country ability, I finally - take off my hat !!! hi car legend !!! good
    1. Andrei Nikolaevich
      Andrei Nikolaevich 10 November 2020 14: 15
      +5
      And what a sound from a diesel engine! .. Song! Great car! And outwardly it looks beautiful.
      1. EvilLion
        EvilLion 11 November 2020 09: 13
        +1
        Yes, the characteristic rustle of a KAMAZ diesel engine is very easy to recognize, even if it is on a bus.
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 9 November 2020 18: 19
    13
    Thanks for a very interesting article. I knew something, I read something new. And photographs are generally a separate conversation. They are unique.
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 9 November 2020 23: 57
      +6
      Colleague hi ,
      I agree with you, but the material contains some inaccuracies. For example, KamAZ-4310
      did not have a berth. The photo, where it is present, shows a KamAZ-43101.
      1. Gennady Bogdanov
        Gennady Bogdanov 22 November 2020 19: 44
        0
        You are wrong, 43101-modification with winch! And the presence of a sleeping bag in the modifications is not reflected, worked for 7 years at 4310 with a sleeping bag, received a new one for a driving school in CA.
  3. Alf
    Alf 9 November 2020 18: 21
    +7
    The car is wonderful, but the nickname "half a meter of life" in the army just does not give it. And for the national economy, indeed, a wonderful truck.
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 10 November 2020 00: 13
      +6
      Basil hi,
      in mixed columns with the Urals-43202 in front, in case of failure of the fastidious hydraulic system of brakes with a pneumatic booster in the latter on a steep rise, this rule had an unpleasant confirmation due to the difference in heights that significantly protrudes beyond the frame size with stops of the Ural cargo platform and the KamAZ bumper. To "tribesmen" they beat the radiators and rested against the engine without danger for the driver.
  4. polpot
    polpot 9 November 2020 18: 27
    12
    Thank you, KAMAZ and Salang are synonyms for me.
  5. Alien From
    Alien From 9 November 2020 18: 52
    +6
    Thanks to the author, very interesting! We look forward to continuing)
  6. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 9 November 2020 18: 52
    +7
    Thank you, read it in one breath. I didn't know much.
    I remember what the first KAMAZ trucks did, not only the driver, but literally EVERYONE who was interested in the equipment did not leave them.
    I look forward to continuing, thanks for the photo.
  7. svp67
    svp67 9 November 2020 18: 54
    +3
    The Kama Automobile Plant cost the Soviet Union 4,7 billion rubles. A large part of this money (about $ 430 million)
    With the official ruble exchange rate, then at 0,62 rubles, this amount equals 267 million rubles, although of course it was much more ... since there were their mutual settlements
  8. _Sergei_
    _Sergei_ 9 November 2020 18: 59
    +6
    Thank you for the article. I drove it through the mud. The car pleased with its cross-country ability. I think I was second only to 157
  9. lucul
    lucul 9 November 2020 19: 05
    -16 qualifying.
    Unfortunately, they could not create a modern automobile plant on their own - even then the backwardness of domestic machine-tool building and industrial construction affected. A similar problem was with the Volzhsky and Izhevsky automobile plants.

    Spared money for machine tools - insufficient funding for the machine tool industry. But they did not spare money for tanks - by 1991 they had riveted as many as 60 units. Hidden sabotage has always been in the USSR - they riveted quantity, not quality. Let me remind you that in 000 there were at least 1941 tanks in the USSR - the country's resources were spent on this immeasurably, and the exhaust was small.
    1. BAI
      BAI 9 November 2020 21: 44
      +7
      Let me remind you that in 1941 there were at least 10 tanks in the USSR

      23000 was.
    2. EvilLion
      EvilLion 11 November 2020 09: 15
      +1
      Che, right? And how many Germans did these tanks manage to kill? Or do you think if the crews of the tanks went to the infantry with three lines, they would have fought more?
  10. faterdom
    faterdom 9 November 2020 19: 53
    11
    Initially, they chose between Kazakhstan and Ukraine, but in the end the choice fell on Naberezhnye Chelny.

    Lucky in that, in hindsight. It was necessary to have both rockets and motors - everything had to be done in Russia, and sunflowers had to be grown in Ukraine. To which in the end we come, having stuffed a full head of bumps.
    In general, for its time the car was .... well, like a foreign car after the Muscovites 412. I still remember the feeling of the unreality of what was happening when I got into the KAMAZ cab.
    1. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 9 November 2020 21: 57
      +7
      Quote: faterdom
      Initially, they chose between Kazakhstan and Ukraine, but in the end the choice fell on Naberezhnye Chelny.

      Lucky in that, in hindsight. It was necessary to have both rockets and motors - everything had to be done in Russia, and sunflowers had to be grown in Ukraine. To which in the end we come, having stuffed a full head of bumps.
      It was necessary to draw the borders of the Union republics "wisely" - and not to transfer the excess (almost always Russian) to anyone ...
      unr map
      Here is a map of the UPR - this is what is painted in blue "Ukraine in fact" ... "birth" during the revolution of 1917 (only the Surazh district should be taken to the Bryansk region, in fact, today it is located). And KamAZ can only be congratulated on being "born" in the RSFSR.
      1. neri73-r
        neri73-r 10 November 2020 11: 36
        0
        And Klintsy with Zlynka!
        1. cat Rusich
          cat Rusich 10 November 2020 19: 10
          0
          Quote: neri73-r
          And Klintsy with Zlynka!

          Quote: cat Rusich
          (only the Surazhsky district should be taken to the Bryansk region, upon the fact of today's location).
          I have already said that the Surazh district should be taken to the Bryansk region - the city of Klintsy is included in this district.
      2. yriuv62
        yriuv62 10 November 2020 18: 30
        +3
        It was necessary to preserve the country, and you will not divide all the borders!
      3. Mister X
        Mister X 12 November 2020 20: 50
        0
        Quote: cat Rusich
        Here is a map of the UPR - this is what is painted in blue "Ukraine in fact"

        hi
        Does the Bessarabian province on your map have access to the Black Sea?
        Below Chisinau, some stripes
        1. cat Rusich
          cat Rusich 12 November 2020 21: 26
          0
          Quote: Mister X

          hi
          Does the Bessarabian province on your map have access to the Black Sea?
          Below Chisinau, some stripes

          The map of the Civil War in Russia in 1917-21 ... The power changed several times ... The lines on the maps are very arbitrary.
          1. Mister X
            Mister X 12 November 2020 21: 41
            +2
            Quote: cat Rusich
            The power has changed several times ... The lines on the maps are very arbitrary.

            Yes, I just refreshed the history in my memory.
            For Moldova, the Bolgradsky and Belgorod-Dnestrovsky regions, as well as Bukovina, are a sore subject.
            As well as Transnistria.
            1. cat Rusich
              cat Rusich 12 November 2020 21: 46
              0
              Quote: Mister X

              For Moldova, the Bolgradsky and Belgorod-Dnestrovsky regions, as well as Bukovina, are a sore subject.
              As well as Transnistria.
              Do not forget Gagauzia and the Gagauz ASSR on November 12, 1989 self-proclaimed - but crushed ...
              1. Mister X
                Mister X 12 November 2020 21: 57
                +2
                Quote: cat Rusich
                Don't forget Gagauzia

                Quote: cat Rusich
                but crushed ...

                They didn't run over.
                It is part of Moldova with special rights.
                The Turkish government helps them a lot.
                And Erdogan calls Irina Vlah his daughter (she is the head of Gagauzia).
                1. cat Rusich
                  cat Rusich 12 November 2020 22: 07
                  0
                  Quote: Mister X

                  Quote: cat Rusich
                  but crushed ...

                  They didn't run over.
                  It is part of Moldova with special rights.
                  I spoke about independence from Moldova.

                  Quote: Mister X

                  The Turkish government helps them a lot.
                  And Erdogan calls Irina Vlah his daughter (she is the head of Gagauzia).

                  Maybe Erdogan has already been "baptized"? - Orthodox Gagauz ... Erdogan "crawls into all the cracks" - this is already annoying - it's time to "shorten" ...
                  1. Mister X
                    Mister X 12 November 2020 22: 14
                    +2
                    Quote: cat Rusich
                    Erdogan "crawls into all the cracks"

                    I got a pipe with gas and missile systems - that's what I got laughing
  11. Free wind
    Free wind 9 November 2020 20: 12
    17
    Not a bad car for its time, who remembers films about Vietnam, remember what the Americans drove on, American cars and side windows did not have. MAZs were 8 tons of two-axle carrying capacity. and did not produce an all-wheel drive version, or rather there was a timber version 4-4, but in cross-country ability like an iron. The KAMAZ had the warmest cab at that time, did not require additional insulation and heaters, and in the summer, when it was turned off when the water in the heater was cut off, it ventilated the cab very well, a pleasant stream of coolness blew into the legs. The driver's seat was only sprung. Unfortunately, there were no cross-axle locks. The drivers also encountered one more counter, if the tightness of the brake system was broken, the car got up with a stake. The ZILs of the Urals could roll away from under fire without brakes, but here, if bullets hit, let's say, the seams came into the receiver. Some put Zilov brake chambers on the middle axle, or pulled the pads a little, then the engine had enough strength to crawl a little at least a couple of kilometers until the wheels light up. The engine is useless, poisonous and unreliable, when the engine shop burned down, many crossed themselves, in vain as it turned out. Although if you go without load, then, in principle, went. Gearboxes were very reliable, but after 2000 they became frank guano, the materials began to use some kind of raw. Bridges could also throw out some trick. In terms of cross-country ability, the Ural is better, simply because of the bonnet layout, the weight distribution is better, but when you load it there is no difference. Cars with armor screens were supposed to go to the army, there were holes in the cabins for their fastening, but somehow I did not see or hear them.
    1. The popuas
      The popuas 15 November 2020 23: 08
      -1
      Instead of armored screens, body armor was hung
  12. Radikal
    Radikal 9 November 2020 20: 17
    +1
    In the 60s, in the Soviet Union there was a need for trucks capable of taking on board up to 8 tons of cargo and towing the same amount in a trailer. The Minsk Automobile Plant could no longer fully cope with this task, and it mainly produced cars with a carrying capacity of more than 10 tons.

    The author, what about the MAZ-205A with a carrying capacity of 6 tons?
    1. Evgeny Fedorov
      9 November 2020 20: 21
      +7
      MAZ-605A in 1965 was discontinued. Here in the 60s (in the second half) the need arose. Moreover, MAZ was a dump truck.
      1. Tima62
        Tima62 9 November 2020 23: 25
        -1
        Maybe it meant MAZ 502 - an SUV, the predecessor of the 509th MAZ. I have not heard about MAZ 605 and I have not even found anything in Google.
        Quote: Evgeny Fedorov
        In addition, MAZ was a dump truck.

        It is not clear which MAZ you are talking about, about 205? But besides him there were also onboard ones, MAZ 200 then 500, which had a carrying capacity of just 8 tons.
        By the way, I read an article in the truck press about the creation of KamAZ. There, for some reason, they called him a trunk truck. The mainline truck was a two-axle MAZ 500 with an axle load of 10 tons, and which had the same carrying capacity as KamAZ. To create a new mainline truck, it was necessary to create a two-axle similar to MAZ, but more modern. And KamAZ had a maximum load on the rear bogie of 11 tons (5,5 tons per axle), which allowed it to move on rural roads with a permitted 6 ton load, as well as on other roads during spring drying (along which even a 5 ton ZIL 130 the road was closed, only 4 ton GAZs 53e) and at the same time carry 8 tons +8 trailer.
    2. not main
      not main 9 November 2020 23: 34
      +1
      Wonderful! 200-hundredth series born from YMZ-210 and 6 tons! But the 500th MAZs have already taken at least 8 tons!
  13. Koval Sergey
    Koval Sergey 9 November 2020 20: 18
    19
    Initially, they chose between Kazakhstan and Ukraine, but in the end the choice fell on Naberezhnye Chelny

    It's good that they chose TASSR. Now this enterprise would be lost too.
    1. deddem
      deddem 10 November 2020 14: 15
      +2
      Actually, the history of the licensed plant for the production of Doytsev air vents for the Urals, which was located in Kustanai, confirms this.
  14. Radikal
    Radikal 9 November 2020 20: 20
    +3
    Продолжение следует ...
    In it, please, highlight the situation with the components of modern KamAZ models adopted for supply / armament of the RF Armed Forces. hi
  15. Radikal
    Radikal 9 November 2020 20: 24
    +2
    Quote: Yevgeny Fedorov
    MAZ-605A in 1965 was discontinued. Here in the 60s (in the second half) the need arose. Moreover, MAZ was a dump truck.

    To clarify - MAZ-205A (open wiki), it was both onboard and as a truck tractor, and went to the troops for various tasks - don't you know? winked
    1. Potter
      Potter 9 November 2020 20: 45
      +7
      Maz-205 is a dump truck and nothing more. Onboard vehicle - Maz-200. Semitrailer tractor - Maz - 200V. Off-road vehicles based on MAZ-200 - Maz-501 and MAZ-502. Linking to a Wiki in polite society is nonsense, but even there you can find the correct information.
    2. Free wind
      Free wind 9 November 2020 20: 49
      +3
      MAZ 600 never existed in nature, there was a 500 series. MAZ 200 series were produced until 65, when the production of YaMZ 236-238 engines was launched, they were forgotten as a nightmare. Maz 500 did not go to the troops, just as GAZ-52 and GAZ-53 did not go, if they came across it by accident. I don’t know about the MAZ 200, but the car is gimmicky, and the engine went into gear at once.
      1. Tima62
        Tima62 9 November 2020 23: 32
        +1
        Quote: Free Wind
        Maz 500 did not go to the troops

        Come on. My brother served in Pinsk 77-79. On the 503 dump truck he built the road Minsk - Moscow.
        1. Free wind
          Free wind 10 November 2020 05: 09
          0
          I readily believe there were such paramilitary - semi-civilian organizations, all sorts of special construction. On the BAM, soldiers went to the Tatras and Magiruses, this does not mean that they were in service.
  16. Radikal
    Radikal 9 November 2020 20: 51
    +3
    Quote: Potter
    Maz-205 is a dump truck and nothing more. Onboard vehicle - Maz-200. Semitrailer tractor - Maz - 200V. Off-road vehicles based on MAZ-200 - Maz-501 and MAZ-502. Linking to a Wiki in polite society is nonsense, but even there you can find the correct information.

    I agree with you, but here the fundamental question at the beginning of my comment is the carrying capacity
    In the 60s, in the Soviet Union there was a need for trucks capable of taking on board up to 8 tons of cargo and towing the same amount in a trailer. The Minsk Automobile Plant could no longer fully cope with this task, and it also produced mainly cars with a carrying capacity of more than 10 tons.
    In my opinion, this is an incorrect statement. hi
    1. Tima62
      Tima62 9 November 2020 23: 34
      +1
      Produced mainly MAZ 525 and MAZ 530 laughing
  17. BAI
    BAI 9 November 2020 21: 40
    +5
    In 4310 you feel very comfortable off-road. And it behaves well on the highway. Moscow-Minsk flew like a fly. But if it gets stuck, it gets stuck. The Kamaz, which had settled in the river, was pulled out by two tactics (DT-150 and DT-75). And the Kamaz, which had settled in the ditch, was taken out with a crane - it grabbed the ground from under itself and sat down on the edge of the ditch with its bumper and stern - the wheels hung in the air.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 10 November 2020 17: 21
      -1
      And what kind of tractor DT-150?
      1. Roman B_3
        Roman B_3 13 November 2020 03: 04
        0
        Kharkov T-150 probably.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  18. dgonni
    dgonni 9 November 2020 23: 18
    +6
    Crocodile is the king of roads and traffic in the column. This is who can and should be placed at the end of the column. And if the first car crawls its 50 km / h, then the end of the column in 40-60 cars presses to the full extent. And here the crocodile is incomparable. It can stably keep an average speed of 80-90 km / h. On rocky and sandy ground, flattening the tires also feels very good.
    But when the off-road begins with weak wet soils, swamps and peat bogs, then hawai.
    A heavy front end requires early tire depressurization. Otherwise, it quickly cuts the top layer of turf and tries to sit on bridges. If it sits down, it is thorough and it is problematic to pull it out. This also applies to the Urals with a diesel engine.
    On a gravel road with a broken surface such as a washboard, it can enter the resonance mode and try to pretend to be a Kangaroo flying out of the road.
    Reliable suspension has an interaxle differential, so driving on an icy road is comfortable.
    Nice second line car.
    Yes! The 740 engines are certainly not very gushing in terms of reliability. Well, always sweating unfortunately.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 10 November 2020 17: 23
      0
      Crocodile is Gyashka. No Kamaz.
  19. ZEMCH
    ZEMCH 10 November 2020 00: 54
    +1
    Good article, we look forward to continuing good
  20. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 10 November 2020 04: 47
    +3
    The article is great! Liked it! good ZiLom watched a program on Zvezda about the development.
    Earlier, a driver (an Afghan soldier, 1984-86) worked with his brother, received "For Courage", led a burning fuel tanker out of the column under fire.
    He said that there were KamAZ trucks popularly called "Afganets" with an elongated, reinforced frame, with a lifting capacity of 14 tons, a 6x6 drive scheme, not all-terrain rubber, a road bike with two-wheel wheels on the rear bogie axles.
    KamAZ says in the reference information that the 53228 model has been produced since 1989. what
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 10 November 2020 05: 05
      +3
      There were such freaks, worse cross-country ability than a simple KAMAZ, the front end is heavy. The front end was buried only on the way, and did not help much on ice.
  21. Recoil
    Recoil 10 November 2020 20: 24
    +1
    GLORY TO SOVIET DESIGNERS!
    I say without irony. For the first time collided with 4310 in UGVTKU in 1986. Fantastic car! Only my T-72A was steeper in cross-country ability!
    After my post, I read the reviews of other gentlemen. I realized that I was not the only one who was delighted with the car.
  22. baza1
    baza1 11 November 2020 09: 48
    0
    And in DOSAAF he studied and served on such. It was also surprising when he turned around in meter-long snowdrifts, but he did not even sneeze. Only once he planted it in the forest when after the rain it blew into a rut.
  23. Protos
    Protos 12 November 2020 15: 51
    +1
    Quote: Alf
    The car is wonderful, but the nickname "half a meter of life" in the army just does not give it. And for the national economy, indeed, a wonderful truck.

    And nevertheless, all the latest NATO models are bonnetless lol
    1. max702
      max702 14 November 2020 22: 02
      +1
      A tactical truck is important for its transportation qualities, this is not an MRAP ..
  24. Kushka
    Kushka 14 November 2020 22: 50
    +1
    I looked at the photo - KAMAZ in a rut and remembered.
    The first time I saw this handsome man was in 1975.
    A quick-assembly pavilion was brought to the village on it.
    Level area (formerly private courtyard), slightly dusted
    snow, melted slightly. So I drove from there, we took a couple of hours
    unloaded these frames, trusses, slate and glass. During this time, under
    wheels thawed out, again empty - cannot leave. There are many wheels
    but like a cow on ice. Well, do not push such a fool - they brought it in buckets
    rubble, that's how he overcame these 10 meters to the asphalt.
  25. Lewww
    Lewww 15 November 2020 20: 57
    0
    "The main designer of the project adapted for KamAZ, the truck was appointed engineer ZIL, Doctor of Technical Sciences A. M. Krieger. "

    author, A.M. Since 1954 Krieger was the chief designer of the ZIS-ZIL.
    Although he was an engineer by profession, but not by title.
    Fix
  26. Gennady Bogdanov
    Gennady Bogdanov 22 November 2020 19: 39
    0
    4310 were both with a sleeping bag and without. 43101 - modification with a winch.