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13 August 1822, the sovereign Alexander I signed the rescript Alexander I signed the rescript "On the prohibition of secret societies and Masonic lodges"

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13 August 1822, the sovereign Alexander I signed the rescript Alexander I signed the rescript "On the prohibition of secret societies and Masonic lodges" 13 August 1822. Tsar Alexander I signed a rescript “On the prohibition of secret societies and Masonic lodges”. Masonic lodges in Russia emerged in the first half of the 18 century. They were forbidden under Catherine II and Paul I, but they continued their activities. The government of Alexander initially allowed the activities of Freemasonry in Russia, trying to control them and even use them for their own purposes. However, Alexander soon realized that the goals of the Freemasons are radically at variance with national interests. In the Russian Empire, conspiratorial lodges of “higher degrees” began to emerge, and Freemasonry itself was closely associated with the activities of subversive structures, including “Decembrists”. The activity of the Freemasons harmed the state and Orthodoxy. Therefore, Emperor Alexander tried to stop the activities of secret structures in the empire.


The official date of the appearance of the Masonic lodges is the middle of the XVIII century. Although some researchers believe that secret organizations began to explore the territory of Russia as early as the 17 century, Peter I and his associates Franz Lefort and Patrick Gordon are among the founders of Freemasonry in the Russian state. In 1731, Grand Master of the Great London Lodge, Lord Lovel, appointed Captain John Phillips as Provincial Grand Master for the Russian state. Initially, the majority of the members of the Masonic lodges in Russia were foreigners - officers and merchants. But then the number of Russians in masonic lodges increased significantly. In 1750, a lodge acted under the leadership of Count R. I. Vorontsov (an active participant in the palace coup 1741 of the year, one of the richest people of the empire) with the capital of the empire.

In 1772, Ivan Perfilievich Elagin became the Provincial Grand Master. He transformed the lodges that existed in the Russian Empire into a single system (they were included in it before 14 lodges). Masons operated in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vladimir, Arkhangelsk and other cities. In 1770, another system of Masonic lodges arose in Russia - the “Swedish” or “Zinnendorf system” (it was founded by P.-B. Reichel). In 1777, Petersburg was visited by the Swedish king, who together with his brother stood at the head of the Swedish masons. The Swedish monarch attended the meetings of Russian Freemasons and initiated Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich into Freemasonry. In 1770-s in Masonic circles under the authority of Count N. I. Panin, an idea was born to establish a constitutional monarchy in Russia according to the English model. For this it was supposed to overthrow and kill Catherine II.

At the beginning of 1780, Moscow became an important center for Freemasonry. The main role in stories Moscow Freemasonry played two bright personalities - N. I. Novikov and I. Schwartz. The masons under the Novikov authority developed a stormy activity in the dissemination of Masonic and other "enlightening" literature. Empress Catherine II began to suspect masons of subversion. She ordered to conduct several searches, to study the books of Masons for the danger to the state. In the 1786 year, the Masons were taken away from school and hospital work, part of the suspicious literature was banned. Masonic literature was considered more dangerous than the editions of the French encyclopedists. However, Novikov continued to publish Masonic books. After the appointment of Prince Prozorovsky to Moscow, the activity of the masons was taken under strict control. In 1791, the printing company was liquidated. The following year, books were sealed, some of which were banned and were published and sold, contrary to the government’s ban. In 1794, Freemasonry was prohibited. Novikov was arrested, he was held in Shlisselburg until 1796. The rest of the Masons punished very gently. Thus, Prince Trubetskoy and Turgenev were exiled to their own village, with the prohibition of moving. Others generally got off easy. Freemasonry was quiet for a while.

Sovereign Paul in many ways acted in spite of the reign of the mother, and therefore initially pursued a liberal policy towards Freemasonry. Novikov was released, supervision was removed from Lopukhin, Tatischev and Trubetskoy were allowed free movement, etc. Many Freemasons were awarded. The emperor himself "flirted" with the Order of Malta, trying to "play" by European rules. However, he was not allowed to resume the activities of the order of freemasons in the empire. It must be said that almost all the main participants in the murder of the sovereign Paul I were freemasons or associated with them. Pavel, despite his games with European Freemasonry, began to pursue a nationally oriented policy, he challenged England, which is why he was eliminated.

In the reign of Emperor Alexander I, the activity of the Masonic lodges was restored. The Great Lodge Astraea was founded in St. Petersburg (it was created according to the English model - following the example of the Great Lodge of England). Count V. Musin-Pushkin became her Great Master. Among the masons were many future "Decembrists", including the head of the Southern Society of the Decembrists - Pavel Pestel. By the time of closing in 1822, the Grand Lodge Astraya consisted of 19 lodges, and its competitor the Great Provincial Lodge was 7 lodges. The essence of Freemasonry in Russia is well shown by the December 1825 uprising of the year (among the leaders of the rebels, masons prevailed). Contrary to the opinion imposed on Soviet and Russian residents about “the Decembrists as“ knights without fear and reproach ”, these were the real“ enemies of the people ”. They planned not only to turn Russia into a weak decentralized state (constitutional monarchy or republic), but also to divide it into a federation (or confederation) from several independent, separate territories. The royal dynasty was to be destroyed. Russia, in the event of the victory of the "Decembrists", would have been turned into easy prey for Western colonial empires.

In the future, the activity of Freemasonry went underground, moving into the cultural sphere. Only during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II, their activities were legalized. This was another mistake of the government of Nicholas II. A significant part of the high-ranking participants of the February Revolution (“February lists”) were masons. They dreamed of remaking Russia along the lines of England or France. Their activities led to the collapse of the empire and millions of victims.
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  1. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 13 August 2012 07: 54
    +6
    Interesting article! Now I know what they called the 5th column in the time of Alexander 1- MASON'S LODGES AND SECRET SOCIETIES. I am convinced more and more that they hate us even with the formation of Russia!
    1. Ross
      Ross 13 August 2012 15: 03
      +3
      tronin.maxim,

      For all who are interested in this topic, an interesting book on this topic has been published: Nicholas Hagger - Syndicate. History of World Government

      You can download it here: http://www.e-puzzle.ru/page.php?al=nikolas_xagger__sindikat

      Partial table of contents (pages):
      2. ORIGIN OF SYNDICATE 25
      Creation of the US Federal Reserve System 30
      The Great Crash of 35
      Rockefellers 37
      How the Rockefellers funded Kaiser 42
      Rockefeller capture of oil reserves
      in the Middle East 45
      Россия 50
      3. 55 SYNDIC NATURE
      Round Table 59
      Fabian Society 63
      League of Nations 65
      Royal Institute of International Relations 67
      71 Council on Foreign Relations
      73 Institute for Pacific Relations
      Bilderberg Group 75
      Club Rome 78
      Tripartite Commission 79
      94 Syndicate Federal Plan
      5. HITLER: A PROVALMED REVOLUTION? Xnumx
      Rockefellers funded Hitler’s
      war machine xnumx
      Rothschild companies finance Churchill 110
      Churchill Endorses Oil Transfer
      Saudi Arabia Rockefeller 112
      Nazi ideology 118
      Nuremberg: the center of the world 121
      123 Final Solution
      Syndicate now supports Stalin 124
      6. TWO COLD WAR STATES 1 29
      Eastern European Empire 131
      Council on Foreign Relations and the Syndicate
      create the United Nations xnumx
      Western Empire 136
      North Korea 139
      Suez Canal 140
      Hungary 142
      West European Decolonization 142
      Cuba 145
      The height of the struggle: Kennedy and Khrushchev 146
      The overthrow of Khrushchev 149
      North Vietnam 151
      156 Six Day War
      Czechoslovakia 158
      Mutual reproaches 340
      Kelly 344 Case
      The New Terrorist Threat 351
      356 Oil
      The capture of Saddam 358
      Syria 361
      Iran 363
      Fourth World War 367
      12. CONSEQUENCES OF 371
      Consequence No.1: Oil 371
      Unocal xnumx
      Bush Jr 380
      Blair / British Petroleum / Russia 383
      Israel 385
      Today's rulers of 450
      15. UNITED STATES OF THE WORLD 463
      United States World 466 Structure
      Ten zones 466
      Three 472 regions
      World institutes 476
      Illuminated Republic of the United
      States of Europe lodge "Great East" 478
      How the United States of the 481 World Can Be Created
      482 consciousness control
      Depopulation 484
      The word for the accusation 497
      The word for protection 499
      Verdict 501
  2. Deniska999
    Deniska999 13 August 2012 08: 02
    +3
    Down with the Masons! The emperor foresaw what role they would play in the future.
    1. Cosmos-1869
      Cosmos-1869 13 August 2012 09: 54
      +2
      Not in the future, but even at that time already in the past.
      After all, the Masons planned and organized both the American and French revolutions.
  3. Srgsoap
    Srgsoap 13 August 2012 11: 28
    +3
    Massonism everywhere and rules the world and everywhere symbolism, starting with the dollar. Alas, this is so. Here is a reference to whom it will be interesting, read.

    http://www.pravdu.org/%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B4%D0%B0_%D0%BE_%D0%BC%D0%B0%D
    1%81%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%85_%D0%B8_%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5.p
    hp
  4. andrey903
    andrey903 13 August 2012 12: 16
    +2
    The law on foreign agents is almost the same. We have a St. Petersburg community, which by all indications is also Masonic
  5. dmb
    dmb 13 August 2012 13: 29
    0
    "We won't trust the monkeys to glue labels, we ourselves will," - the film "Garage." Samsonov's articles were never superficial, but now is just that rare case. Well, firstly, the Decembrists were extremely heterogeneous. like any movement., society or party. And their goals in many ways did not coincide, even for the Northern and Southern societies. So, to write all of them as "enemies of the people", the statement is akin to "tsarist satraps." Or is A. Samsonov firmly convinced that the people, and this is in the overwhelming majority of peasants, sobbed with emotion at the sight of the master and, after the abolition of serfdom, yearned for the right of the first night? It would be nice to ask a question. who specifically from the Decembrists, when and where published plans to transform Russia into a "weak decentralized state (constitutional monarchy or republic)." If this is the personal opinion of A. Samsonov. I would like to remind him that the two similar forms of government that existed then still exist, but the absolute monarchy is the Saudis with an excellent technical component of their society and a frank Middle Ages in the field of morality. Of course, there are amateurs on the site. chop off their hands and heads, they can only be advised, to look at themselves and their loved ones. I am afraid that if such legal relations are applied in our current society, there will definitely be no one to work due to universal disability.
    1. pshentsoff
      pshentsoff 13 August 2012 20: 57
      +1
      Quote: dmb
      after the abolition of serfdom yearned for the right of the first night

      The existence of such a "right" in Russia, allegedly under Olga, was dimly hinted only by the very same Tatishchev and Elagin, and even a couple of Germans. In Russia, landowners were tried for isolated cases of such behavior. While in different European countries, such a right was really practiced until the middle of the XNUMXth century (!). So where "the Middle Ages in the field of morality" still needs to be seen.
      1. dmb
        dmb 14 August 2012 09: 26
        0
        Can you name specific lawsuits before the Decembrists? Tatishchev and Elagin? Surely. What kind of historians are these? Voltaireans, their mother. Instead of glorifying the current government, all sorts of nasty things were written about it. Pushkin, Lermontov and Tolstoy? Schelkopery, paper maraca, as the well-known everyone used to say. who attended in high school not only physical education and life safety Gorodnichny. In particular, they also wrote about this right. It is clear that in sovereign decrees, such a right was not prescribed. Tea is also in Europe. However, in reality it existed, like the right to sell serfs. Of course. someone may consider such a sale to be a blessing, but the peasants somehow did not perceive it very loyally. Fools did not understand their happiness.
  6. andrey903
    andrey903 13 August 2012 15: 15
    -2
    United Russia Masons
  7. Bars90
    Bars90 3 September 2012 23: 07
    +1
    Kennedy was also against ... And so, massonism is an activity along with a hobby ... But there are such Masonic lodges where questions are solved who live and who die ... Massonov to the wall. All!