Military Review

Modernization approach: new aircraft weapons

17

Upgraded rocket "Vikhr-1". Photo Concern "Kalashnikov"


For frontline and army aviation Russian armed forces are developing new types of weapons of different classes. In recent months, the topic News missiles of new types have repeatedly appeared, which are the modernization of already known models. Some of these products have already reached use in the troops, while others will end up in arsenals in the foreseeable future.

Guided upgrade


On October 28, the Ministry of Defense published an interesting video from the training of helicopter pilots of one of the formations of the Southern Military District. Attack helicopters Ka-52 "Alligator" for the first time used a modernized version of the guided anti-tank missile "Vikhr-1" at the test site. More than 30 new types of missiles were used during the event.

The 9K121M Vikhr-M missile system with the 9M127-1 Vikhr-1 missile was developed at the end of the eighties and was intended to be installed on attack aircraft and attack helicopters. The complex was officially adopted in 1992, but it was not possible to start mass production and implementation. The production of missiles and other components was ordered only in 2013. Over the next few years, the army received a large number of Vikhr-1 missiles and carried out rearmament. it weapon was actively used at training grounds and found application in the Syrian operation.


Preparing to fly to the landfill. Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

In August, within the framework of the Army-2020 forum, the Kalashnikov Concern presented for the first time a modernized version of the Vikhr-1 product. It was reported that by replacing a number of components, the firing range would be increased from the original 8 to 10 km. At the same time, the missile will retain all its combat qualities and will be able to hit ground, surface or low-speed air targets.

A recent message from the Ministry of Defense indicated the simplicity and ease of use of the upgraded missile. The task of an airplane or helicopter pilot is to find a target on the battlefield. When it enters the scanning area of ​​the on-board television system, auto-tracking is activated. The pilot only has to reach the line of application and launch. Further guidance of the missile is carried out by automation using a laser, the product "flies along the beam."

The basic version of the Vikhr-1 missile can be used by various carriers. So, in 2017, it was reported that Ka-52 and Mi-28N helicopters used them in Syria. During the recent firing, the upgraded complex was used by Ka-52 vehicles. Probably, Mi helicopters will also receive such weapons.

Uncontrolled "Armor"


In parallel with the development of the Whirlwind complex, serial unguided aircraft missiles are being modernized. The main novelty of recent times is the S-8OFP "Armor-piercer" product. This is another sample of the well-known and time-tested NAR S-8 family, featuring improved performance and new combat capabilities.


Ka-52 launches "Whirlwind-1". Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

The S-8OFP product was developed by NPO Splav, which is part of NPK Techmash. The project started several years ago and has now come close to full-fledged operation in the army. In February 2019, it was reported about the successful completion of state tests, according to the results of which they began to decide the issue of adopting the rocket into service.

In May of this year, Tekhmash announced the production of a batch of new NARs intended for experimental military operation. The corporation released them at its own expense and was waiting for an order from the Ministry of Defense. At the end of the trial operation, the series is expected to be launched and put into service. These events will take place next year.

The S-8OFP rocket retains the main features of other products of its family, but differs in several innovations. Thus, a modern solid fuel engine with increased energy performance is used. Due to it, the firing range was increased to 6 km - against 3-4 km for the latest modifications of the S-8. At the same time, a change in flight characteristics and ballistics requires an update of the missile carrier's sighting means.


Defeat the training target. Photo Concern "Kalashnikov"

The letters "OFP" indicate the use of a high-explosive fragmentation penetrating warhead. The missile delivers to the target a 9-kg warhead with 2,5 explosives. The hardened body of the warhead is capable of penetrating some obstacles and crushing during an explosion with the formation of fragments. The warhead potential is realized using a dual-mode fuse. It can be triggered when hitting a target or with some delay to detonate a missile inside an object.

"Armor-piercer" retains the dimensions of other missiles of its family, thanks to which it can be used with existing launch blocks. The carriers of such a missile can be all airplanes and helicopters of frontline and army aviation - from the point of view of using the S-8OFP, it differs minimally from the well-mastered S-8 other modifications.

Caliber increase


In the context of the S-8OFP missile, another promising project, the Monolith, is often mentioned. This missile is also being created at NPK Tekhmash and is referred to as the continuation of work on the Armored Carrier. For the first time, they talked about Monolith two years ago, in October 2018. In the future, various interesting news appeared, but the product has not yet been adopted for service and is not supplied to the troops.

Modernization approach: new aircraft weapons
Rocket S-8OFP in section. Photo by NPK "Techmash"

The goal of the Monolith project is to create 130 mm guided and unguided rockets. These will be deeply modernized versions of the serial NAR S-13 with a number of new solutions, incl. borrowed from S-8OFP. The performance characteristics and features of such a missile have not yet been disclosed. The main parameters are expected to increase with a corresponding increase in efficiency. An important feature of the project is the simultaneous creation of unified missiles with and without homing.

In the spring of 2019, it was reported that prototype Monolith products would appear within the next 2-3 years. At the end of the year, the development organization announced the readiness of the project for state tests. The reasons for such a drastic change in plans were not specified. Perhaps it was about missiles in different designs. It can be assumed that a simpler uncontrolled version was prepared for testing, and a homing modification will appear only in a few years.

Modernization approach


Army and front-line aviation needs a wide range of different weapons of different classes. In service there are many samples of different types, and new ones are being created to replace them. At the same time, we are not always talking about completely new projects, often the development and modernization of existing samples is carried out.


Launch of the Armor-Piercer missile. Photo by NPK "Techmash"

This approach has known and obvious advantages. Industry can use finished products and new components, as well as improve them with modern technology. The result is a high performance sample that meets the requirements, but has a limited cost and is fully compatible with aviation technology.

In the coming years, the modernization approach will again lead to a noticeable renewal of aviation arsenals. The deliveries of the updated version of the "Vikhr-1" guided missile have already begun, and from next year the serial "Armor-piercers" will go to the troops. The promising Monolith will have to wait for now, but as a result of this project, planes and helicopters will receive two new types of weapons with different capabilities. At the same time, in addition to the listed weapons, completely new models of all main classes are being developed. The future of combat aviation is conducive to optimism.
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  1. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 2 November 2020 06: 09
    +3
    not always we are talking about completely new projects, often the development and modernization of existing samples is carried out.

    S-80fp - a new engine, a new warhead, a fundamentally new fuse, and is this considered an upgrade?
    What would then be considered a "completely new" project?
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 2 November 2020 07: 08
      13
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      S-80fp - a new engine, a new warhead, a fundamentally new fuse, and is this considered an upgrade?
      What would then be considered a "completely new" project?


      Such a development, obviously, can be considered an Iranian product of an air defense system. "Rocket 358".
      At least this is the first time I come across such a concept and such an approach. yes



      This rocket is launched using a solid-propellant launch booster from the simplest launchers, which can be mounted on any vehicle, including a trailer to a passenger car, after which it is fired back and the main jet engine powered by kerosene turns on (!!!).
      The missile is equipped with a seeker that searches for a target and until the target is captured, the missile flies in the air in a pattern resembling an eight, the mathematical "infinity sign". The length of the rocket is indicated at approximately 2,74 meters.
      The missile can be in the air for a long time and is at the same time loitering ammunition (!!!!!!!!!!!), (which has already been tested in combat conditions in Idlib, where Iran destroyed a fuel depot with it), and as an air defense system, destroying helicopters, large and medium-sized UAVs, attack aircraft and reckless aircraft that do not expect that in the absence of active air defense systems, with it from the ground they can throw a missile at a supersonic speed of 8 km (which is significantly higher than the standard ceiling of modern MANPADS), and then on sustainer engines with a lower speed even up to 12 km (in any case, these are the parameters stated for it) with a range of up to 100 km.

      The missile was declassified by the Americans, who published a photo of an Iranian missile confiscated from arms dealers who were allegedly engaged in ferrying this missile to Yemen, along with a batch of ATGMs for the needs of the Houthis, who of course tested them on the UAE and Saudi Arabian air forces in real combat conditions, and with taking into account the fact that they are armed mainly with American equipment, then on American planes and helicopters.
      There is information that this product was tested in the DRA, where, according to some reports, it shot down a CIA plane in Afghanistan, where, along with several Langley employees, one of Suleimani's assassins, the supervisor of the CIA's secret operations in the Middle East "Ayatollah Mike" Michael D 'allegedly died Andrea.
      Moreover, the board went at a height where it could not be reached from MANPADS, but just in the reach of the "Rocket 358".
      Ironically, the plane carried the tail number 358 ...



      For clarity, a comparison of the new Iranian product with the Pantsir air defense missile



      1. Jacket in stock
        Jacket in stock 2 November 2020 09: 26
        0
        Why compare with Armor?
        Well these are completely different concepts.
        The armor is the most simple "nail" that "does not shoot with radar detectors".
        Rocket-358, on the contrary, is the most sophisticated flying robot.
        Again, our heads are not very big and sooooo expensive, just like that, to whom God sends, you don't really shoot, you go broke.
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent 2 November 2020 09: 38
          +4
          Quote: Jacket in stock
          Why compare with Armor?
          Well these are completely different concepts.

          The concepts are different yes - traditionally well-established and completely innovative, previously nowhere and not used by anyone. Iran surprised.
          And the range of heights and targets are about the same. For this and comparison.

          The only thing that categorically distinguishes the Iranian missile from the "Pantsir" is its complete non-selectivity in targeting ...
          She will dive in the sky and "peck" at everything that is in her field of vision. Even if your own helicopter-UAV plane, even a stranger, until it hits something, or falls (self-destructs?) After it runs out of fuel ...

          A weapon that can only be used when there is complete confidence that there are no own aircraft over the battlefield ...
          1. Jacket in stock
            Jacket in stock 2 November 2020 09: 45
            0
            And the range and goals are just different.
            The armor is traditional anti-aircraft, not the fact that with the ability to shoot at the ground.
            The Iranian is omnivorous. Moreover, it is so omnivorous - both ground targets and air targets, that it is hard to believe.
    2. iouris
      iouris 2 November 2020 11: 05
      +3
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      What would then be considered a "completely new" project?

      "A completely new project" is a project that will increase efficiency by at least 1,5 ... 2 times. There is no efficiency assessment here. The increase in the launch range of the NURS is wonderful, but nothing is said about the scattering characteristics. A priori, we can say that the dispersion of ammunition in this case greatly increases. To compensate for the dispersion, an increase in the consumption of ammunition and aircraft order is required. An increase in the aircraft outfit entails an increase in costs and combat losses.
      1. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 6 November 2020 16: 05
        -1
        And if the NURSs are consecrated? Then, in theory, they will be guided by Gd himself, and the adversary will be struck like Goliath.
        That is, at meager costs, we will, in fact, get a controlled projectile with a 100% guarantee of hitting whoever is needed and not hitting who is not needed, i.e. safe in the sense of "friendly fire" laughing
  2. Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 2 November 2020 06: 29
    +4
    The author is a plus. You don't often see a small, easy-to-read and well-designed article.
    1. Grits
      Grits 2 November 2020 11: 13
      0
      Quote: Vladimir61
      The author is a plus. You don't often see a small, intelligible and well-designed article

      Did you miss Damantsev? wink
  3. Maki maki
    Maki maki 2 November 2020 10: 13
    16
    a feature of the project is the simultaneous creation of unified missiles with and without homing

    A very correct approach yes
  4. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 2 November 2020 10: 32
    +3
    Unguided rockets in 2020? Are you seriously? Okay, still use old stuff for barmaley, but develop new ones? Hmm ..
    The AGR-20A Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) is a constructive transformation of the Hydra 70 unguided rockets with a laser guidance system to convert them into high-precision ammunition (PGMs). By the end of 2019, BAE Systems had produced over 35 APKWS units.
    1. iouris
      iouris 2 November 2020 10: 59
      +5
      Absolutely correct. However, there are apparently no technologies for the production of cheap MEMS. This is the stuffing of cars and tablets that are produced in millions of pieces a year.
      Note:
      Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) are devices that combine microelectronic and micromechanical components.
  5. times
    times 2 November 2020 10: 51
    16
    We were longing for new funds. Rather to the troops yes
  6. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 2 November 2020 11: 52
    +5
    1. The goal of the Monolith project is to create 130 mm guided and unguided rockets. These will be deeply modernized versions of the serial NAR S-13 with a number of new solutions, incl. borrowed from S-8OFP. How did the "Monolith" become 130-mm when the "NAR S-13" is made in the caliber of 122 mm? belay 1. I don’t remember that the Russian aviation had 130-mm NARs, but I know that there are 122-mm ..., and the “continuity” of calibers is observed in the armament; 2. At 130 mm, you will have to throw B13L blocks for the S-13 into scrap metal and make others, but who wants it when there are not enough pennies all the time?
    2. The supply of the updated version of the Vikhr-1 guided missile has already begun It's good that at least something "updated" goes to the Armed Forces .... But "special" joy is something dumb! The 9M127 family was developed at the end of the last century, and is presented as a novelty! But the 9M127 is a morally obsolete weapon! "Telecontrolled", not self-guided ... and UTZ ("technical vision" device) does not "automatically" make "Vortex-1" a weapon of the 3rd generation ... a weapon "saw, fired, struck"! UTZ (television, thermal imaging cameras ...) can pass in conditions of heavy fog, smoke! And without fog ... the helicopter cannot maneuver or is only capable of a limited maneuver while the missile "gets" to the target! What: "shot and forgot"! You will forget here when you have to hover, while the rocket flies to the target, and everything that shoots at you is fired at! And yet ... on the 9M127 (9M127-1) rocket the pranks of the designers did not end in due time ... Within the "framework" of the "Vortex" project, a series of 9M227 missiles was created! In addition to the "laser-beam" missile with an increased (compared to 9M127 ...) speed and range, there were also "products" with a seeker in the series! With passive radar seeker and with IR.GSN ... Why did not they begin to modify, develop the 9M227 series .. that's where the "rebus, crackword" is! For real, we will be glad when the Hermes, 305 products will enter service ... there was another rumor about the ptur, which should become an analogue of the JAGM ...!
    3. Turks "dance" interestingly ... They take an ATGM, or a 70-mm racket ... they cut off the engine ... a la hop (!) And a bonba is ready! How not to remember the "unfulfilled dream" - the "Threat" complex! There, in the case of "very necessary! I swear by my mother!", I unscrewed the engine and ... Bonba is ready! 80-mm and 122-mm "threat" ammunition for UAVs would be very useful!
    1. kapitan92
      kapitan92 2 November 2020 14: 54
      +2
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      But the "special" joy is something dumb! The 9M127 family was developed at the end of the last century, and is presented as a novelty! But the 9M127 is a morally obsolete weapon! "Telecontrolled", not homing ... and UTZ ("technical vision" device) does not "automatically" make "Vortex-1" a weapon of the 3rd generation ... a weapon

      hi good
      The pilot only needs to reach the line of application and launch. Further guidance of the missile is carried out by automation using a laser, the product “flies along the beam”.

      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      You will forget here when you need to hover, while the rocket flies to the target, and they shoot at you from everything that shoots

      When I saw the title of the article, I thought it would be about "Hermes A."
      Modernization approach: new aircraft weapons
      Alas! "The hope of young men feeds ..."
      Serial production of "Hermes A", for the needs of the Russian Ministry of Defense, for armament of the Ka-52 and Mi-28N helicopters was planned to be deployed in 2011-2012.
      Boom to wait! hi
  7. Smirnoff
    Smirnoff 2 November 2020 19: 01
    15
    Progress does not stand still. I'm glad that we managed to achieve an increase in performance good
  8. Generator Systems
    Generator Systems 2 November 2020 23: 18
    0
    I feel the next 20 years only rocketry will develop actively eh negative