Military Review

Armored "Badger". A new BMP is being created in Poland

39

The development of a promising Polish-made BMP, which should replace the morally and physically obsolete BMP-1 (and licensed BWP-1), which the Polish army inherited from the USSR, has continued in Poland since the mid-2010s. The problem of updating the existing fleet of tracked infantry fighting vehicles is quite acute in Poland. Designed back in the 1960s, Soviet BMP-1s do not meet the requirements of the 2020st century and cannot cope with new threats on the battlefield. The situation can only be corrected by the start of serial production of the modern Borsuk infantry fighting vehicle, which at the end of September XNUMX completed the next stage of tests, including tests with live firing.


Development of BMP Borsuk


The new Polish tracked infantry fighting vehicle is being created as part of the modernization program for the armored and mechanized forces of Poland. It is important to understand that the fleet of armored fighting vehicles of the Polish army is significantly outdated and this is not just about the obsolescence of equipment, but also about banal physical wear and tear. The infantry fighting vehicles used by the Polish Armed Forces have been around for decades.

After the liquidation of the organization of the Warsaw Pact countries, the Polish army had about 1,3 thousand infantry fighting vehicles still of Soviet design. We are talking about the BMP-1 vehicles and the Polish licensed version of the BWP-1. Then their number was reduced to several hundred, but they still form the basis of the fleet of infantry fighting vehicles of Polish mechanized formations. In the mid-2s, Poland successfully sold its BMP-1990 BMP-XNUMX to Angola.

The development of a new BMP in Poland began in 2013, when the Polish Ministry of Defense initiated a program to develop a new floating infantry fighting vehicle (NBPWP). In 2014, funding for the program was received in the amount of 75 million zlotys (approximately $ 21 million). The NBPWP project, codenamed Borsuk, is a full-fledged successor to the BWP-1. The largest Polish weapons companies. The first prototype of the new amphibious infantry fighting vehicle was presented at the exhibition in Kielce in 2017.


The defense plant and the largest Polish manufacturer of military equipment, Huta Stalowa Wola, are responsible for the direct development of a new tracked infantry fighting vehicle. The company was founded back in 1938 and today produces a wide variety of military products: from 120-mm self-propelled mortars and 155-mm self-propelled guns to MLRS and military engineering equipment. Huta Stalowa Wola (HSW) is part of the largest Polish state defense holding Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa SA (PGZ Group).

In addition to Huta Stalowa Wola and the PGZ Group, the WB Electronics group of companies, one of the largest high-tech companies in Poland, specializing in the development of advanced technological solutions in the defense and civil sectors of the economy, is participating in the implementation of the project of the new tracked infantry fighting vehicle "Badger". Among other things, the company is engaged in the development of drones, weapon control systems and guided weapon stations. In the Borsuk project, WB Electronics is working with HSW on the ZSSW-30 remote controlled tower and is responsible for its integration.

For PGZ and the Polish military, the new BMP is one of the most anticipated projects. Polish designers expect that the production and development potential of Borsuk will be at least 30 years. If the project is successfully implemented, the Polish defense holding will be able to approach the world's leading manufacturers of tracked infantry fighting vehicles and compete with them on the international arms market. True, the implementation of the project is not going as fast as the Polish developers would like.


In September 2020, a new BMP with a remotely controlled weapon station was field tested. Among other things, live firing was carried out in the range conditions. The test results are not disclosed at this time, and a test evaluation process is underway. HSW President Bartlomej Zajonts only noted that the tests were positive. Without disclosing the results of the shooting, he noted that the company was completely satisfied with the first results of work. There is no need for major adjustments to the project.

If everything goes as planned, the second prototype of the combat vehicle will be manufactured and will begin military tests in 2021. If the military trials are completed successfully, then the serial production of "Barsukov" can begin in 2023-2024, said Mr. Zayonts. At the same time, the high cost of new BMPs can become a serious problem for the Polish military-industrial complex and the army. Polish media estimate the starting cost of the new infantry fighting vehicle at 25 million zlotys (approximately $ 6,45 million).

Technical features of the BMP "Barsuk"


A distinctive feature of the BMP "Badger" is that the car is made floating. Many modern tracked infantry fighting vehicles have lost this ability. In their NBPWP project, Polish designers want to preserve amphibious properties, while at the same time providing the crew and landing party with a high level of ballistic and mine protection and high fire support capabilities for motorized rifle units.

BMP Borsuk has a classic layout for all similar modern machines with a front engine compartment. The driver's seat is on the left, and the diesel engine is on the right. Behind the MTO and the place of the mechanic drive are the workplaces of the commander and gunner of an infantry fighting vehicle. This is followed by an uninhabited tower, and in the aft part of the hull there is a troop compartment for 6 people. Thus, the BMP is able to carry up to 9 people (three crew members and six paratroopers in full combat gear).


It is assumed that the floating version of the car with a standard booking level. Its combat weight will be 25 tons. In this case, it will optionally be possible to install additional booking. The heavily armored version of the combat vehicle will receive mounted ceramic and composite armor plates. It is assumed that in this version, the BMP will become heavier up to 30 tons and lose its buoyancy.

The heart of the new Polish BMP will be a German-made V-shaped 8-cylinder MTU 8V-199-TE20 diesel engine. The engine, which develops a maximum power of 720 hp, is also installed on the Austrian Ulan BMP and the Boxer family of wheeled tracked armored personnel carriers. In conjunction with the engine, a Perkins x300 automatic transmission will work. Polish journalists note that the issue with the power plant has not yet been fully resolved, so its composition may change. It is also known that the BMP will receive two types of tracks: steel and rubber-composite. The latter, with a lower strength, will provide the car with better smoothness and less noise when driving.

Polish developers attribute the presence of sensors of the Obra-3 laser warning system to the distinctive features of the new BMP "Badger". Also, the combat vehicle will receive a digital communication system Fonet, a battlefield management system BMS and a licensed American satellite navigation receiver TALIN 5000.

Uninhabited tower ZSSW-30


The highlight of the project of a new floating Polish BMP is an uninhabited combat module, designated ZSSW-30. The remote-controlled turret weapon station was developed by HSW specialists in cooperation with WB Electronics. This is the first fully Polish project to create an uninhabited tower. In addition to the new tracked infantry fighting vehicles, this remotely controlled weapon station is planned to be installed on Rosomak wheeled armored personnel carriers. The combat module will receive a Polish fire control system capable of operating around the clock. The system will include the PCO GOD-1 Iris commander's panoramic sight and the PCO GOC-1 Nike gunner's sight.


As noted by Polish journalists, it is an uninhabited combat module that can make up to half the cost of a new BMP. The fully automated uninhabited turret is armed with an American 30mm Orbital ATK Mk 44S Bushmaster II cannon and a 7,62mm UKM-2000 C machine gun paired with it.

The 30-mm automatic cannon Mk 44S Bushmaster II is a fairly effective weapon that has become widespread in the world in recent years. The gun uses a wide range of 30x173 mm ammunition for firing, the same as used with the GAU-7 Avenger 8-barrel cannon of the American A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft. The gun ammunition contains armor-piercing incendiary, high-explosive fragmentation and armor-piercing feathered subcaliber shells. The effective firing range of the gun is 3000 meters, the rate of fire is up to 200 rounds per minute.

To combat heavily armored targets, it is planned to place two Spike ATGMs on the turret. We are talking about the Israeli Spike ATGM developed by the Rafael company, which was actively purchased by Poland and is produced under license by the Polish defense company Mesko. These anti-tank missiles are equipped with a TV / thermal imaging seeker and are able to hit targets at a distance of up to 4, 5,5 or 8 km, depending on the modification. The armor penetration declared by the manufacturer is 850-900 mm.
Author:
Photos used:
https://grupapgz.pl/
39 comments
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  1. polpot
    polpot 27 October 2020 18: 05
    0
    They have received consent from the United States, or how, from the Americans with this strictly or their weapons, or anyway theirs.
    1. olegfbi
      olegfbi 27 October 2020 21: 28
      -5
      They received consent from the United States or how

      Of course you got it, how could it be otherwise ?! laughing
      And in fact of this miracle of technology - the Silhouette is just impressively low ... This is probably a special model created to facilitate the enemy's aiming at the target! laughing
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 27 October 2020 18: 12
    -3
    Is the uninhabited tower too big?
    1. English tarantas
      English tarantas 27 October 2020 18: 18
      +5
      No, the most normal. It most likely houses most of the units associated with the tower itself: weapons, ammo, sighting complex, automation, avionics ...
  3. Mouse
    Mouse 27 October 2020 18: 16
    0
    What? Is there no confidence in NATO? Do you have to unwind yourself? recourse
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 40
      0
      Quote: Mouse
      Is there no confidence in NATO?

      And there wasn’t.
      They try to produce their best. Albeit mostly under license or "Frankenstein"

      On the other hand, they have already started receiving income from this. For example, "Patria" with BMP-3 turrets for the United Arab Emirates is also produced in Poland. Armored hull - exactly
      1. Mouse
        Mouse 27 October 2020 19: 48
        0
        At this rate, they will soon throw NATO ... wink
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 49
          +2
          Quote: Mouse
          At this rate, they will soon throw NATO ...

          This is unlikely.
          Rather, they want to be America's overseers at NATO. And to occupy a niche of Germany in this block.
          1. Mouse
            Mouse 27 October 2020 19: 54
            -1
            Rather, they want to be America's overseers at NATO. And to occupy a niche of Germany in this block.

            This is yes! No wonder they lick the states so carefully, they are also ready to pay extra for it ...
  4. English tarantas
    English tarantas 27 October 2020 18: 19
    -2
    Well, sho, what kind of "patriot" will come here to sharply mark how the Poles have unsuccessfully copied the Kurganets, which has no analogues, or will they scroll through it?
    1. AllBiBek
      AllBiBek 27 October 2020 18: 29
      +1
      What do you mean, as always, "the people are not the same"?
    2. madrobot
      madrobot 27 October 2020 20: 36
      -3
      Why is it SO worried about you? Have a sip of tequila, chew on cacti and continue writing on the topic of the article, and not in the spirit of "And you have blacks lynched."
      PS: Where are the PL-1 divisions crawling there, you don't know?
    3. Sanichsan
      Sanichsan 28 October 2020 01: 27
      0
      Quote: English tarantass
      Well, sho, some "patriot" will come here

      Here I am bully
      What can I say, well done! of course they will launch into a series and sell to everyone. right after PL-01! is he already in the series? should have gone in 2018? not? wassat
      1. English tarantas
        English tarantas 1 November 2020 11: 28
        0
        Hah, it's boring without you. Spill cholet. How is Armata, how is Kurganets?
        1. Sanichsan
          Sanichsan 1 November 2020 15: 10
          0
          Quote: English tarantass
          How is Armata, how is Kurganets?

          what is wrong with them? do. already a serial batch bully
          and PL-01 don't do something. absolutely. don't even remember. and how much ambition was 2 years ago wassat
          all this is probably due to the fact that Hitler's train with gold could not be dug out! yes it was too lazy to dig, not otherwise laughing
  5. Thrifty
    Thrifty 27 October 2020 18: 24
    -1
    I wonder why NATO shouldn't create a single BMP for the entire block? Or, for example, create a certain concept - the basis on which you can create an armored vehicle, a heavy armored personnel carrier, a light tank, a self-propelled vehicle. ..
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 36
      10
      Quote: Thrifty
      I wonder why NATO does not create a single BMP for the entire block?

      Everyone will quarrel and fight. The jackpot is too big.
    2. English tarantas
      English tarantas 1 November 2020 11: 26
      0
      There, only the French and the Germans are not in a position to agree on technology, and you are about the whole of Europe ...
  6. Cowbra
    Cowbra 27 October 2020 19: 10
    0
    Shcha, only at first they will slobber for Fort Trump, I don’t remember how many for the F-2 and 35 lards for the Mrii that mattresses that do not know how to build a nuclear power plant at home will build them Poland (Nadys announced such plans). For all that remains, they will buy badgers! In the pet store, perhaps, and then - discounted
  7. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 27 October 2020 19: 36
    -9
    What can the Poles create? A parody of Soviet weapons, with a new filling. All the same, they will buy old equipment from the US or the USA.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 44
      +7
      Quote: Victor Sergeev
      What can the Poles create?

      A lot of things.
      Its own armored personnel carrier, its own self-propelled guns and MLRS, its own self-propelled mortar. Yes, so far with the maximum use of foreign components, as well as under a license.
      But they are focused on their own, and not on purchases.
      1. Viktor Sergeev
        Viktor Sergeev 27 October 2020 19: 45
        -13 qualifying.
        Bad, but its own, yes, it is better to steal budget money inside the country. All these are Soviet alterations, like Ukraine.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 48
          +6
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          All these are Soviet alterations, like Ukraine.

          1. CastroRuiz
            CastroRuiz 28 October 2020 10: 47
            0
            Eto Rosomak, licencioznaya finskaya Patria.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 28 October 2020 11: 06
              0
              Quote: CastroRuiz
              Eto Rosomak, licencioznaya finskaya Patria.

              Exactly.
        2. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 51
          +5
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          All these are Soviet alterations,

        3. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 53
          +6
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          All these are Soviet

        4. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 October 2020 19: 59
          +5
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          Poor, but its own

      2. Doccor18
        Doccor18 27 October 2020 20: 08
        0
        A lot of things.

        Wow ..
        But here's something they get so "golden"
        Polish media estimate the starting cost of the new infantry fighting vehicle at PLN 25 million (approximately $ 6,45 million)

        That is how much a normal MBT can cost.
        The heavily armored version of the combat vehicle will receive mounted ceramic and composite armor plates. It is assumed that in this version, the BMP will become heavier up to 30 tons and lose its buoyancy.

        Plus 5 tons - and no longer floating ...
        A distinctive feature of the BMP "Badger" is that the car is made floating ...
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 October 2020 20: 21
          +3
          Quote: Doccor18
          But here's something they get so "golden"

          And there is no need to shove expensive components and assemblies there. Moreover, foreign production.

          Quote: Doccor18
          The heavily armored version of the combat vehicle will receive mounted ceramic and composite armor plates.

          The Germans kept running around with this idea. And so they really couldn't do it.
          Now the Poles will try
      3. Sanichsan
        Sanichsan 28 October 2020 01: 29
        0
        Quote: Spade
        A lot of things.
        Its own armored personnel carrier, its own self-propelled guns and MLRS, its own self-propelled mortar.

        tank! forgot the invisible tank! laughing
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 28 October 2020 10: 27
          +3
          As far as I remember, this did not work for them.
          And armored personnel carriers, self-propelled guns, MLRS and self-propelled mortar - in the army. As well as the Israeli "Spikes" produced under license in Poland
  8. Constanty
    Constanty 27 October 2020 20: 48
    +4
    We are talking about BMP-1 vehicles and the Polish licensed version of the BWP-1

    BWP-1 is only a Polish name, not a licensed version. They were not manufactured in Poland.
    1. faiver
      faiver 28 October 2020 08: 05
      0
      those. how were they not produced? They took the license and threw it under the sofa?
      1. Constanty
        Constanty 28 October 2020 09: 03
        +3
        Poland has never bought a license for the BMP-1, although it received an offer. Only Czechoslovakia and Romania acquired a license for the BMP-1.
        The Polish army uses infantry fighting vehicles produced both in the USSR and in Czechoslovakia.
  9. times
    times 27 October 2020 21: 15
    17
    Everyone undertook to sculpt a new generation. The trend however ...
  10. Graz
    Graz 28 October 2020 04: 32
    -1
    very doubtful are the financial possibilities of Poland and Fu 35 to buy both a Patriot and also their own armored vehicles to mass-produce
  11. Vladimirsky
    Vladimirsky 28 October 2020 06: 11
    +1
    T-90 is cheaper than this wunderwafe .... 1.5 times.
  12. Freedim
    Freedim 28 October 2020 10: 47
    +1
    Ah .. it's you, gopher ...