Military Review

French lead nuclear submarine Suffren made the first launch of a cruise missile

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French lead nuclear submarine Suffren made the first launch of a cruise missile

The French lead multipurpose nuclear submarine Suffren ("Suffren") of the new project Barracuda successfully launched a cruise missile during tests. This is stated in the communique of the Ministry of the Armed Forces of France.


On October 20, Suffren, the first of a series of six nuclear attack submarines of the Barracuda program, successfully completed a test launch of a cruise missile from the Biscarrosse test site.

- the message says. At the same time, it is not specified from which position the submarine was launched.

The success of the first cruise missile launch was hailed by French Defense Minister Florence Parly, calling it a "strategic breakthrough."

Suffren began factory sea trials in the spring of this year, for the first time the submarine went to sea from the arsenal of the French shipbuilding association Naval Group in Cherbourg on April 27, 2020. The submarine was supposed to enter the factory sea trials in early March, but the exit was postponed due to the quarantine introduced at the enterprise due to the coronavirus pandemic. According to the plans of the shipyard, the transfer of the submarine was supposed to take place this year, but the date of delivery is not currently being discussed. There are currently four more submarines of this project at the Cherbourg shipyard in various stages of construction.

The submarine, dubbed Suffren - in honor of the French admiral Suffren de Saint-Tropez - was built over 10 years. It was laid in December 2007, launched on July 12, 2019.

Submarines of this series are to replace the aging Rubis-class submarines built in the period from 1976 to 1993 in the French Navy, a total of six nuclear submarines have been ordered.

The submarine's displacement is about 5300 tons, the length is 99 m, the service life of the nuclear reactor reaches 10 years. Swimming autonomy - up to 70 days. The working depth of the immersion is 350 meters. The submarines will be armed with Scalp Naval and Exocet cruise missiles, as well as Black Shark heavy torpedoes.
Photos used:
DGA
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  1. Serpet
    Serpet 21 October 2020 18: 37 New
    16
    What kind of rocket, what is the range? Subsonic Exocet?
    1. nnm
      nnm 21 October 2020 18: 44 New
      0
      https://topwar.ru/16838-morskaya-krylataya-raketa-scalp-porazila-cel-v-pervom-naturnom-ispytanii.html
      1. Serpet
        Serpet 21 October 2020 18: 49 New
        13
        This means that their Scalp is roughly analogous to our Caliber.
        1. the Saint
          the Saint 21 October 2020 20: 25 New
          +2
          Quote: Serpet
          This means that their Scalp is roughly analogous to our Caliber.

          And not vice versa? The first fully successful shooting took place in France at the end of December 2000. SCALP entered service in 2002.
          But you can also call the Tomahawks an analogue of the Caliber, only very numerous, which has multiplied greatly since 1980, when the first surface flight test of the serial Tomahawk rocket took place from the destroyer.
  2. Livonetc
    Livonetc 21 October 2020 18: 38 New
    -5
    "The success of the first cruise missile launch was hailed by French Defense Minister Florence Parly, calling it a" strategic breakthrough. "
    France has long become a strategic abscess in Europe.
  3. Arthur 85
    Arthur 85 21 October 2020 19: 06 New
    -11 qualifying.
    And you, friends, if you don't sit down, you are no longer suitable for great powers. Put things in order in Paris, otherwise why do you need super armed forces when there is no head?
    1. Gordei
      Gordei 21 October 2020 19: 13 New
      -4
      Quote: Arthur 85
      And you, friends, if you don't sit down, you are no longer suitable for great powers. Put things in order in Paris, otherwise why do you need super armed forces when there is no head?

      Arthur bravo! good Excellent comment I also thought about it! Europe is now hostage to the global confrontation. They should be quiet between the two anvils of the world powers .. But no, everyone is trying to build something out of themselves .. Well, well
  4. CommanderDIVA
    CommanderDIVA 21 October 2020 19: 51 New
    +1
    The Black Shark torpedo is made by the Italians, the range is about 50 km, the Exocet is made by the French, the range is up to 180 km in one of the modifications, the scalp bulk is made by the French, the range is about 1000 km, the data from Vicki, the loaded boat turns out to be analogous to our Ash?
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 21 October 2020 21: 25 New
      +6
      Quote: CommanderDIVA
      The Black Shark torpedo is made by Italians, the range is about 50 km,

      Colleague, the Barracudas have their own long-range torpedoes F-21 (Artemis). This is an electric torpedo on AB (aluminum and silver oxide), weighing 1500 kg, 19,6 ft (6,0 m) in length, 21 inches (530 mm) in diameter with 31M stroke (57 km), travel speed 50uz. Yes, she was born from the Black Shark, but this is a domestic, French, development. Tests of "21" ended in 2017. The first batch of 93 units. entered the fleet.
      And the second thing. Barracuda is as quiet as Seawulf. In sneak mode, the noise level is 50-53 dB ... This is serious.
  5. Sergey Obraztsov
    Sergey Obraztsov 21 October 2020 20: 22 New
    0
    In any case, we would like to congratulate the Frenchmen on the change. No, sincerely. There are also patriotic people who are happy with this news.
  6. FIR FIR
    FIR FIR 21 October 2020 20: 25 New
    -1
    The success of the first cruise missile launch was hailed by French Defense Minister Florence Parly, calling it a "strategic breakthrough."

    If this nuclear submarine was the first in the French Navy, it would be a breakthrough.
    If the French Navy's nuclear submarine first launched the CD, it would be a breakthrough.
    But France already has both, so this is not a breakthrough, but a routine. Moreover, 13 years for the construction of a submarine is not a breakthrough, it is a failure.
  7. the Saint
    the Saint 21 October 2020 20: 32 New
    -2
    Quote: FIR FIR
    Moreover, 13 years for the construction of a submarine is not a breakthrough, it is a failure.

    K-560 "Severodvinsk" - over 20 years of construction and 50 billion rubles ($ 2 billion))
    1. nnm
      nnm 21 October 2020 22: 19 New
      0
      17 years old, this time. 3 years - running and other tests, well, approx. 20 so 20. And secondly - if France began to build something in the midst of an analogue of our "saints" of the 90s, I think that it would hardly be, in general, that something was completed ...
      And third - apart from an article on a non-core site, can you give the primary source of data on the cost of construction? I've only found data on the cost of the lead boat - 47 billion and her sisters, which have already cost about 20 + billion.
      1. the Saint
        the Saint 21 October 2020 22: 30 New
        -3
        The bookmark took place on December 21, 1993.
        On November 5, 2013, the boat was transferred for state tests.
        On December 30, 2013 K-560 "Severodvinsk" was accepted into trial operation without hoisting the Andreevsky flag. The hoisting of the flag was scheduled for June 17, 2014
        In 2014, sea trials continued.
        Something constantly interferes with a bad dancer, including some "holy" years or someone's intrigues.
        -------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------
        As time has shown, a significant "slipping" in the implementation of the Barracuda project (from the moment the lead submarine "Suffren" was laid down to the moment it was launched, it took about 11,5 years) only played into the hands of DCNS specialists, who managed to carefully consider all the technical problems. arising during the operation of the American and British MAPLs "Virginia" and "Estute", and then eliminate the probable causes of their occurrence during the construction of the lead nuclear-powered ship "Suffren".

        One of such problems can be considered the “childhood disease” of the American multi-purpose atomic submarine cruisers of the Virginia class in the Block I / II versions, which consists in the detachment of the sound-absorbing coating segments from the hull (due to a decrease in the adhesive strength under the influence of sea water), which ultimately led to a significant increase in the acoustic signature of the submarines, and hence the range of their direction finding through radio acoustic buoys and the enemy SAC. In combat conditions (in the oceanic theater of operations), this technological “breach” can lead to the “collapse” of the layered anti-submarine and anti-ship zones “A2 / AD” formed around the US Navy AUG. It is obvious that during the installation of the elements of the sound-absorbing (“anechoic”) coating on the head MAPL “Suffren” a more advanced version of waterproof glue was used, which could be used on the Le Triomphant strategic submarine cruisers. As is known, the latter did not encounter the above-described "childhood illness."

        However, the implementation of the highest level of acoustic secrecy of the submarine “Suffren” and its “sisterships” under construction (at the level or higher than that of MAPL pr. 885, “Virginia” and “Estuit”) is caused not only by the use of high-performance “anechoic” coating segments on high-quality glue-based, but also weight and size indicators, as well as the configuration of controls and propulsion design. Thus, the submarines of the class “Barracuda” can boast with an underwater displacement of just 5300 t (in comparison with the 13800 t in Yasenei) and hull width in 8,8 m.

        These indicators in combination with the water-jet propulsion unit (absent on the “early” MAPL of 885 av.), Which reduce the disturbance of the water column from the cavitation effect, compact cutting, “smoothly integrated” into the architecture of the hull, X-shaped tail unit, and a single energy center (steam generators Combined into a single module with a K-15 water-cooled reactor placed on a multi-tiered depreciation platform), it will be possible to achieve a reduction in the level of acoustic noise "Barracuda" to 45 — 50 dB in the “sneak” mode, which will only be achitelno indicators exceed modern SSKs / DSEPL (including anaerobic "Soryu" type 212A etc.). Moreover, the X-shaped configuration of accommodation of feed stabilizers and rudders that do not rise above the hull's upper generator will reduce the effective dispersion surface of Barracuda-class submarines in surface mode, which will noticeably decrease the range of their detection by onboard anti-aircraft search and target radar lines the adversary.
        https://topwar.ru/160189-podlodka-sjuffren-brosaet-vyzov-morskoj-aviacii-vmf-rossii-kovarnyj-ohotnik-s-vozmozhnostjami-pvo.html