Military Review

Teachings "Gardening 2020". Serbian army shows its potential

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On October 10, the armed forces of the Republic of Serbia held a one-day exercise Sadezhstvo 2020. In the course of these maneuvers, units of the ground forces and the air force demonstrated the fight against a conventional enemy, showing their skills and level of possession of modern weapons and equipment. The exercises were highly appreciated by the military and political leadership of the country.


Forces and tasks


The exercises "Sadezhstvo 2020" ("Cooperation 2020") were held at the "Peshter" training ground. Approx. 2800 military personnel of all branches of the army from the ground forces and the air force. Approx. 150 units of military and auxiliary equipment, as well as 40 aircraft and helicopters.


At the maneuvers, all current models of weapons and military equipment of local and foreign production were presented. The Ministry of Defense of Serbia notes that over the past three years, 20 new models for various purposes have been adopted by the army, and some of them are used for the first time in large maneuvers. It is quite remarkable that along with other products, the products of the Russian defense industry were also actively used.


According to the legend of the exercises, the Republic of Serbia was subjected to the aggression of a conditional enemy. The enemy army has occupied part of the territory of the state and is waiting for reinforcements for the further development of the offensive. The task of the Serbian army was to repel the attack, contain the enemy and further destroy and drive out foreign forces by all available means. This scenario was divided into seven main episodes.

Cooperation 2020 is of great importance for the armed forces of Serbia, and therefore the military and political leadership of the country attended the exercises. As a result of the main events of the maneuvers, President Aleksandar Vucic remarked: "It looks like a serious army."


Seven episodes


The first episode of the exercises included measures to protect their troops from an air attack, to destroy aviation enemy and gaining air superiority. For the detection of targets imitating enemy aircraft, the Giraffe radar calculations were responsible. Fire damage was provided by the Pantsir and Kub complexes of Russian production, as well as the Serbian PASARS-16.

Having inflicted a defeat on the air force of a mock enemy, the Serbian army conducted reconnaissance of its ground forces. From the air, data were collected by UAVs CH-92, "Vrabats" and AP 100-C. Ground reconnaissance was provided by armored vehicles BRDM-2MS and BOV KIV, as well as two pairs of snipers.


In the third episode of the exercises, the Serbian Air Force struck at the troops of the mock enemy. Fighter-bombers J-22 "Orao" worked on targets, and the MiG-29 covered them. With the use of cannons, unguided missiles and aerial bombs, aviation knocked out a significant part of the enemy's ground grouping.

In the next episode, the artillery batteries began preparations for the offensive of the main group of forces. The mock enemy was attacked by crews of mortars of caliber from 81 to 120 mm, self-propelled howitzers "Gvozdika" and "NORA-B52", as well as multiple launch rocket systems of various calibers. The joint work of different means for common purposes was ensured by modern artillery fire control systems.


The fifth episode of the exercise involved new air strikes. They were attended by MiG-29 fighters and G-4 "Super Galeb" combat training aircraft. It is noted that the MiG-29 for the first time in the last 20 years used unguided air-to-ground missiles in exercises. Then, helicopters of various types appeared over the battlefield. Mi-35 used guided missiles "Attack" and worked on enemy equipment, and Mi-17V5 with unguided missiles hit other targets.

Only in the sixth episode, the main land group went into battle, uniting tank and motorized rifle units. The main striking force of the troops at this stage was the Serbian-made M-84 and M-84AS1 tanks. The infantry used the M-80 BMP and the Lazar-3 armored personnel carriers. The support was provided by the POLO M-83 self-propelled anti-tank missile systems. In the combat formations of the ground grouping, there were military air defense systems, which had already shown their capabilities at the beginning of the exercises.



At the last stage of the maneuvers, the airborne units showed themselves. An-26 military transport aircraft threw 30 paratroopers from the 63rd parachute brigade. Helicopters of several types delivered fighters of the 72nd Special Purpose Brigade to the battlefield and landed them. At the same time, a column of the 72nd brigade on armored cars "Milos" was breaking through to the landing site.

The joint actions of the landing force and ground forces led to the final destruction of the mock enemy grouping. The combat missions were successfully completed. The end of the maneuvers was marked by a demonstration jump of the 63rd Brigade paratroopers - they carried flags of the state and the armed forces.


Results and Conclusions


According to the Serbian Ministry of Defense, the Sadezhstvo 2020 exercise showed some of the capabilities of the armed forces, incl. with the interaction of different types of troops. They have successfully demonstrated how the army can fight air strikes, conduct reconnaissance, and attack the enemy with all available means - from small arms weapons to aircraft missiles.

In recent years, Serbia has been paying attention to the development of the armed forces, incl. by purchasing or creating and producing new types of weapons and equipment. A number of newly created or acquired systems and complexes for the first time took part in major maneuvers and confirmed their combat qualities in a real situation. This is not just about weapons. The reconnaissance, communications and command and control systems, capable of making a decisive contribution to the results of combat work, were tested.


Apparently, the command of the Serbian army is already analyzing the results of the recent exercises. Based on the results of such a study, deeper conclusions will be drawn, on the basis of which new plans for the development and construction of the armed forces will be built. Thus, a one-day event can lay the foundation for multi-year programs.

Army today and tomorrow


It should be recalled that Serbia's armed forces are not large or powerful. Less than 30 thousand people serve in them. The General Staff is subordinate to the ground forces, the air force and air defense forces, the training command, as well as a number of individual auxiliary units.


The qualitative and quantitative level of the armed forces cannot be considered high either. In service there is approx. 200 tanks and hundreds of armored vehicles for various purposes. The total number of aircraft and helicopters of the Air Force does not exceed several dozen, and the age of the equipment is generally poor.

However, in recent years, measures have been taken to develop the armed forces. Modernization of tanks and other armored vehicles has been launched, modern military air defense equipment is being purchased, such as the Russian ZRPK Pantsir. Its own industry is trying to create new samples of different classes, and some of them go into series and end up in the troops.

Thus, the armed forces of Serbia cannot claim leadership in Europe in all the main indicators. At the same time, they are not inferior to other armies of their region and, in general, are able to solve the assigned tasks to protect the country from outside aggression. The recent Sadezhstvo 2020 exercise shows how the army intends to respond to an attack and what it can counter the enemy.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Serbia / mod.gov.rs
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 16 October 2020 18: 10 New
    +2
    Is linear tactics still dominant in Serbia?
    Photos of the ZSU and the "chess" self-propelled guns standing in a row suggest that the videos from Nagorno-Karabakh do not reach them ...
    1. Simargl
      Simargl 16 October 2020 19: 28 New
      +5
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      Photos of the ZSU and the "chess" self-propelled guns standing in a row suggest that the videos from Nagorno-Karabakh do not reach them ...
      Rather for entertainment. Is there a difference - to drive when there is 100 m between them, or 1000?
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 16 October 2020 19: 35 New
        -3
        Then this is not a teaching, but a ceremonial performance)))
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 16 October 2020 22: 15 New
          0
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          Then this is not a teaching, but a ceremonial performance)))
          Are there any reasons? To spread the vehicles apart in order of battle on camera? So so idea.
          What do you think are exercises for SPAAG and self-propelled guns? Shoot down the plane, level the village to the ground?
  2. viktor_ui
    viktor_ui 16 October 2020 18: 15 New
    -1
    And where is the use of drones and their swarms ... ???
  3. mark_rod
    mark_rod 16 October 2020 19: 38 New
    0
    Well done! Sit down, five! Kindergarten by God ...
  4. Vinnibuh
    Vinnibuh 16 October 2020 19: 51 New
    -1
    Eeh, but there was such a country Yugoslavia. (((
  5. Petro_tut
    Petro_tut 16 October 2020 19: 53 New
    +3
    Y-yes, again the generals are preparing for past wars, the lessons of Libya, Syria, and now Karabakh has clearly not been studied,
    Rather, for internal use, demonstrate that there is an army
    1. Prisoner
      Prisoner 16 October 2020 22: 23 New
      +2
      For most generals, the main thing is to be beautiful and "manageable". The regiment goes there, the battalion goes there, the "fire" battery, the planes w-w-w-w-w-w-bang-bang, the NURS turntables whack-whack and won - hurray-ah! Regiments and battalions do not want to die, and the enemy also wants to live. Hence the novelties in tactics, and even in strategy, the use of weapons in ways that can not be found in any manual and the use of such improvised means that neither say in a fairy tale nor describe with a pen. Fighting is creativity, the art of "mamkina mink"! And creativity sometimes uses cliches, but does not tolerate them.
  6. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 16 October 2020 23: 14 New
    -2
    In the confrontation with NATO aviation, Serbian MiGs have no chance. Blind squadrons of MiG will rush towards the AWACS radio field. And it will be attacked by at least 15, even a workaholic 16, even though a super Hornet can attack from the deck, and ... hornets will be able to attack. They have missiles for this, but the Serbian Air Force will be shackled in the use of missiles, because. The MiG will be fired upon by AWACS, and when from a radio-contrast target, a detachment of bombers suddenly disintegrates into six or four counter markings. This is a complete loss of the air defense and the air force management, it is not our fault that instead of the much needed AWACS, our "strategists" closed the factories under the guise. "Ancient" sawed up my favorite factory, he made civilian carcasses and you know what the Kuibyshev Aviation Plant did .. After all, we had a classster ... was - Aviation unit ,, Kuznetsov, Aerospace University, Progress, Dreniy, Carcasses periodically go to the plant. At night there is a roar as they turn on the engines. It has always been so. I will never forget --- I still a yellow-haired boy, he ran out onto the porch, where my dad smokes and the earth hums and moans. I asked what was the matter - he smoked and replied that while the Soviet soil was humming like that, NATO would not attack.
    1. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 16 October 2020 23: 28 New
      +2
      Quote: Thunderbolt
      MiG will be fired upon by AWACS

      Basically I do not deny, but AWACS does not fire)))
    2. Jager
      Jager 17 October 2020 11: 02 New
      +1
      Calm down, comrade. The WHOLE army of Serbia is two divisions, what are we talking about?
      "It is noted that the MiG-29 for the first time in the last 20 years used unguided air-to-ground missiles in exercises."
      The landing of 30 airborne troops is striking in scale.
      Rather, this is not an exercise, but a review of troops. And the fact that the half-poor brothers have at least some kind of army is already good. However, ANY 200 tanks is a serious force when used correctly, a remnant of its former greatness.
      Well, the entire military budget of Serbia is one wing of one Avaks))
  7. Artavazdych
    Artavazdych 17 October 2020 01: 29 New
    0
    Firstly, the name of the teaching is written in Cyrillic - this is already good! I thought it was already in the past.
    Secondly, it should be compared with the potential of the Serbs in 1998 - in my opinion, clear progress.
    They will answer for Kosovo.
  8. bk0010
    bk0010 17 October 2020 10: 04 New
    +1
    Why is the mortar not of our caliber, but 81 mm? Really changed to NATO?