Military Review

Something with our memory has become

32

Now it's almost the center



Golovinsky district has never been listed in the prestigious. After all, it is located right behind the Okruzhnaya railway, which has now become the MCC - and this was the working belt of the capital. In the old neighborhood that wears today historical the name of the former owners of these places, the Golovins, and princes, and counts, and simply nobles, there are ponds, a park abandoned for many years and a small quiet cemetery.

And, of course, residential buildings of various years. It is believed that somewhere here is the source of the Likhoborka River, which carries its waters across the entire north of Moscow to the Yauza. Nearby is the Mikhalkovo estate, known to this day as neighbors of the Golovins.

Something with our memory has become

In Soviet times, it was almost swallowed up by the fine-cloth factory named after Peter Alekseev, as well as numerous closed research institutes and numbered factories. Technicians, including rocket scientists and nuclear scientists, settled there many years ago. On the other hand, the residents of the Golovinsky district, which before the construction of the Moscow Ring Road was not considered Moscow, even today are almost not hooked on the capital's new buildings.

Apparently, because the builders have nowhere to roam here. But in recent years, the residential-industrial area has revived, especially since the MCC station is now nearby, and it has reunited the two sides of the railway - the Golovinsky district with the Koptevo district.

The park was generally put in perfect order with tiled paths, the ponds were cleaned, albeit with considerable losses for the ecosystem. And in the Mikhalkovo estate, according to all sources, the notorious old new owner has seriously settled down, who even opens it to the public on weekends.


The factory was brought to bankruptcy in 2011, despite the production of a truly unique thin cloth. Like many industrial enterprises in Russia, the factory fell into oblivion, and the elite LoftPark district arose on the site of industrial buildings.

He became one of the few, the construction of which was declared illegal, but that changed little. About the factory and its director, all respected Wilhelm Ivanovich with a rare surname Jokish, now, it seems, only memory remains.

To the outskirts - for rockets and Studebakers


But there is also a memory of the factory club, which has become a real Palace of Culture not only for the factory, but for the entire district. And fortunately, not only memory: the club, built fifteen years before the war by the architect Leonid Vesnin, one of the famous brothers, was recently restored, but is still idle for various reasons.


Club of the fine cloth factory named after Pert Alekseev



During the war, this club became the home of three guards mortar regiments. One of them, the 18th, originally from the Guards, as provided by the order of the Supreme Commander, settled here in 1943 for a long time, after being badly battered in the battles of Kerch and Novorossiysk, and then in the battle for Stalingrad.

The regiment received good reinforcements and equipment on the outskirts of Moscow, starting with launchers and brand new Studebakers right from the marshalling unit of the Likhobory depot, located nearby, and ending with RS-132 rockets, which were brought up to the front for several days before directly from the repurposed capital plant "Compressor".

They had to stay in Moscow because the technology for installing Katyusha on American trucks was somewhat different from the standard one designed for the ZIS-5. The 18th Mortar Regiment later became the Mginsko-Pomeranian and Red Banner Regiment, received the Orders of Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky.


Katyusha at the Studebaker

The second is the 83rd mortar regiment, which later became the Zhitomir regiment. He was here, in Golovinsky-Mikhalkovo, not only formed, but then underwent replenishment, and also after the Battle of Stalingrad.

This regiment also has the Red Banner and its well-deserved order - Bohdan Khmelnitsky. The 83rd regiment was generally one of the special. For a long time he was armed not with classic Katyushas, ​​but with BM-8 rocket launchers, which were mounted on tanks T-60, only listed as medium, but in fact they were light.

But this was also the regiment's advantage - the high maneuverability of rocket artillery. Therefore, covering the retreat of the army across the Don with the fire of its divisions, the regiment could operate even from open positions. From open positions, the regiment then helped and repel the attempts of the Germans to escape from the Stalingrad ring.

Is that how they fight for memory?


The order on the formation of the Guards Mortar Regiments of the Artillery Reserve of the High Command was signed by Stalin on August 4, 1941, immediately after the first successes of the Katyusha. At first there were eight regiments, for M-8 and M-13 shells, and they were kept secret as best they could. Then it came to several dozen.

Perhaps this is why another of the regiments, the 47th Guards Mortar, which in the same 1943 temporarily settled in the factory recreation center for re-formation, was a little less fortunate with memory. He, for example, still does not have his own page on the Internet, and, according to our information, there is no regimental museum. And even with a commemorative plaque, the 47th regiment was somehow unlucky.

We, Russians, are not yet very active in the war for memory unfolding almost all over the world, which is increasingly turning into a war with monuments. But we regularly and rightfully resent vandalism against military monuments. But sometimes they themselves are also not too delicate when it comes to their own memory.

Take a look at these pictures. It is unlikely that some of the unprepared readers will be able to make out the regalia and even the honorary name of the famous military unit on the second of them. Your author, not without effort and headache, but was able to guess that the regiment was once given the name Yasski, since he took part in the liberation of Iasi, a Romanian city almost on the border with Moldova.



I'm not going to accuse anyone of anything, but when updating commemorative plaques, reviving memory, forgive me for the pathos, it would be nice to be at least careful. It looks like some primitive sandblasting has worked here, and here's the result. It would be necessary to be more careful somehow, it was not for nothing that the classic taught us this.

Please note that the commemorative plaque of the 18th regiment was also clearly “swept up”, but is still readable. Isn't it time now, in the year of the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory, which has not yet ended, to restore the memorial signs properly? Better by hand, and better if not indifferent guest workers do it.

That is why I would like to remind once again the episodes from the combat path of the 47th Guards Mortar Yassky Red Banner Orders of Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky Regiment and the names of its commanders. The regiment also went through a terrible massacre in the Crimea, defending Sevastopol and fighting for Kerch. Then he was transferred directly to Stalingrad, to the legendary 62nd Army of General V. Chuikov.

There, at the end of 1942 and the beginning of 1943, the regiment was commanded by a major, and later by Lieutenant Colonel Vozhzhov Yevgeny Nikitovich. The regiment was taken from him by Major Maksimenko Fyodor Stepanovich, who also ended the war with the rank of lieutenant colonel, commanding the 32nd Guards Mortar Regiment. Well, the regiment came to victory under the command of the Hero of the Soviet Union, Lieutenant Colonel Anatoly Filippovich Kolomeitsev.

Author:
Photos used:
Kolesa.ru, pamyat-naroda.ru, war-book.ru, author
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  1. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 8 October 2020 12: 13
    11
    We, Russians, are not yet very active in the war for memory unfolding almost all over the world, which is increasingly turning into a war with monuments. But we regularly and rightfully resent vandalism against military monuments. But sometimes they themselves are also not too delicate when it comes to their own memory.

    Truth in every word.
    And thanks to the author hi
    1. Alien From
      Alien From 8 October 2020 12: 54
      +3
      I join you! This is true. Thanks to the author.
    2. Civil
      Civil 8 October 2020 13: 10
      -2
      Selective memory is obtained if we are talking about the money of the developer - we do not remember anything, there is no history here, if we do not forget about the money from the population, we will not forgive.
      1. Egoza
        Egoza 8 October 2020 13: 36
        +3
        Quote: Civil
        if we are talking about the money of the developer - we do not remember anything, there is no history here, if we do not forget about the money from the population, we will not forgive.

        So then the developer will get so much from the population that mommy don’t worry! Therefore, the difference in "memory"
    3. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 8 October 2020 15: 58
      0
      Quote: Lipchanin
      ... Truth in every word. And thanks to the author hi

      I join! Thank you.
  2. BAI
    BAI 8 October 2020 12: 18
    12
    We have 2 categories of monuments - revered, to which people have been going on holidays since Soviet times, and forgotten ones, also from Soviet times. In the Istra district of the Moscow region, they even set up a dump at a military grave. The monument is a simple obelisk, it collapsed a long time ago, well, and filled up. Thanks to the search engines - they found, cleared, restored.
    1. tatra
      tatra 8 October 2020 12: 29
      +2
      We have 2 categories of monuments - Soviet and ANTI-Soviet. If the Bolsheviks-Communists and their supporters, after the capture of Russia, built their State, and erected monuments to their heroes and great people, then their enemies, after their capture of Russia, built an ANTI-Soviet State - their entire ideology, propaganda, history of Russia is an evil, slanderous, cowardly anti-Soviet , all their heroes and great people in the history of Russia are anti-Soviet.
      1. BAI
        BAI 8 October 2020 13: 21
        +9
        Irina, well, you cannot be such a maximalist. The world is not black and white. The USSR had its own advantages and disadvantages, now the Russian Federation has its own pros and cons. Where, what more - you can argue endlessly, so it makes no sense. The site has 2 extremes - you: completely and completely for the USSR and a certain Olgovich - an ardent anti-communist. And both are usually wrong. Extreme cannot be true. The truth is somewhere in the middle.
        1. tatra
          tatra 8 October 2020 15: 51
          0
          This is the difference between the Soviet and anti-Soviet people. I, like the entire Soviet people, are for the BEST for my country and people, and this is a priori the USSR, in comparison with the Republic of Ingushetia and the "independence" of the enemies of the USSR on the territory of the USSR captured by them, and Olgovich, like the entire anti-Soviet people, only that it is FAVORABLE for him, and the whole anti-Soviet people do not care about their country.
      2. CSKA
        CSKA 8 October 2020 13: 54
        +1
        Quote: tatra
        the history of Russia is a malicious, slanderous, cowardly anti-Soviet, all their heroes and great people in the history of Russia are anti-Soviet.

        What nonsense? Are these Suvorov, Kutuzov anti-Soviet? What kind of cowardly anti-Sovietism is there? What is cowardice? Wake up dinosaur. You talk nonsense and don't get tired. You even open a textbook on the history of Russia and read it with your eyes. There is no anti-Soviet there. You didn’t raise yourself much there? Nobody cares about your soviet. You are already the past.
        1. tatra
          tatra 8 October 2020 15: 55
          -2
          So you, the enemies of the USSR, who seized the republics of the USSR, do NOT have any Suvorov or Kutuzov, there are no great people of the Russian Empire. For the Russian enemies of the communists, the "history" of their country begins with the falsified rule of the last Russian monarch for the sake of profit in your anti-Soviet system, and all the other enemies of the communists, if they remember pre-revolutionary Russia, only with malice - how Russians occupied them, robbed and spread rot
  3. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 8 October 2020 13: 19
    0
    What is the use of fighting for memory, if each newly interceding power in our country wets the monuments and renames the city. The issue is devalued at the very top, and continues to be devalued by all these games with the constitution. 1945 has long died down, gentlemen, it's time to look at the current day.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 8 October 2020 16: 19
      +1
      ... each new power intervening ...

      You cannot scold the USSR for anything, since we all live thanks to the Victory. Our country was preserved thanks to the Victory. If you do not remember this, then history will be distorted. Yes, and distort, in different countries
      For example, in Japan, in Tokyo, there is a monument to the Indian Radhabinod Palu, a judge of the International Military Tribunal. He is one of all the judges to prove that the Japanese did not commit any crimes during WW2. All other judges believed the opposite, and the Japanese government signed the war crimes decisions of the tribunals. With this monument, Japan shows that it considers itself absolutely innocent.
      1. Knell wardenheart
        Knell wardenheart 8 October 2020 17: 01
        -4
        I cannot agree with you. If only because the country that distributed billions of dollars in loans around the world - in Africa, Asia and Lat. America, and the Middle East - itself bent in hellish cramps due to the fact that there was no money for a normal supply and the fight against deficits (including). These loans, of course, were not returned to us later, of course.
        If you just sit down and add up the numbers of bad loans of the USSR (and only them), even without the% on these bad loans that have come up over the years (and which could have become a real bablosik, if we put it in our own country), you will get hellish , absolutely horse sums for which it would be possible to resettle all the communal apartments and half of the "Khrushcheb" or, for example, to establish at one time the production of the world's best microprocessors. But no - the USSR threw it all into the trash can.

        Victory was a VERY long time. Since then, 3 generations of people have changed in our country, 4 generations in the West. Having an overwhelming advantage over the Wehrmacht in the amount of EVERYTHING, being on the defensive and on our territory, we made 27 million losses, millions of losses in army personnel, thousands of tanks and aircraft, hundreds and thousands of industrial facilities, territories of the 2 most developed republics, in addition to the RSFSR. ON DEFENSE, CARL! In which, according to the laws of military science, it should usually lose 1 to 3.
        Is this something we should be proud of? Here one should not be proud but cry, in fact. Now from the VICTORY they did not inflate that, completely forgetting that it was a HOLIDAY WITH_ TEARS_ IN_ EYES. Almost five minutes away Pyrrhic victory. Who is to be thanked for this - the prophetic genius of the Soviet leadership, which was unable to conclude agreements on collective defense for ideological reasons?
        Or maybe - to thank for the fact that we rushed to explore the newly occupied territories, dismantling the old lines and on the knee drawing up new defense plans, instead of the worked out ones?

        You know - you can knock a wooden door with a boss, and for someone this is heroism "cool" and solid, but through the eyes of a modern person it should be tin as it is, both in terms of organization and in terms of cost and losses.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 8 October 2020 20: 49
          +3
          I understand that you will be pleased with the installation of such monuments .----- As, for example, in Slovenia, a monument was erected to the victims who died in the Huda Yama mine. In 1945, Broz Tito's partisans executed there those who collaborated openly with the Germans, who were also against socialism and communism. Few people went to this mine, although everything was known. In 2015, a monument was erected that has no specifics. The official name - The Monument to the Victims of All Wars, despite its streamlined wording, often evokes strongly negative emotions and is systematically desecrated. Obviously, people have no pity for collaborationists and anti-communists. And they don't say that they need to be understood and forgiven. Which I am glad.
          1. Knell wardenheart
            Knell wardenheart 8 October 2020 23: 12
            0
            I am not at all happy with the installation of monuments - it is better to use this money for operations for children or housing for young families. And beautiful gestures and metal and concrete idols full of symbolism are better left to the young post-colonial countries.
            And yes - you will hardly understand.
  4. Bongo
    Bongo 8 October 2020 13: 37
    +9
    Excuse me, but what does this drawing have to do with the Great Patriotic War? what
    1. Nastia makarova
      Nastia makarova 8 October 2020 14: 29
      -7
      Why not?
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 8 October 2020 14: 36
        +5
        Quote: Nastia Makarova
        Why not?


        In the figure, the ZIS-151 serial production of which began in 1948.
        1. Nastia makarova
          Nastia makarova 8 October 2020 14: 42
          -8
          they painted the Studebaker
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 8 October 2020 14: 45
            +6
            Quote: Nastia Makarova
            they painted the Studebaker

            I do not know what was "painted" there, but the picture clearly shows the ZIS-151. On which, as on the ZIL-131, guides for 132-mm RS were mounted.
            1. Zementbomber
              Zementbomber 8 October 2020 15: 58
              0
              Yes, but since 1949 and 1966, respectively. That, kaGBE, hints at a certain "complete absence" of the relationship of these versions of BM-13 to the Great Patriotic War. hi
    2. Undecim
      Undecim 8 October 2020 17: 23
      +2

      BM-13-16 based on Studebaker US6 U-3
  5. Zementbomber
    Zementbomber 8 October 2020 15: 52
    0
    which were mounted on T-60 tanks, which were only listed as medium, but in fact they were light.

    T-60 - never was even listed as "easy", let alone "average".
    He was classified as "small". See Order No. 0433 dated 18.11.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX signed by the deputy. People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 8 October 2020 16: 44
      +2
      Quote: Zementbomber
      T-60 - never even listed as "light", let alone "average".
      He was classified as "small". See Order No. 0433 dated 18.11.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX signed by the deputy. People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR.

      I’ll have fun: at first the T-60 tank was considered light:
      On July 17, 1941, GKO decree # 179ss was signed "On the production of light T-60 tanks at the plant # 37 of the People's Commissariat for Sreda Machine Building".

      On July 20, 1941, GKO decree # 222ss was issued "On the production of 10 thousand light tanks."
      © Y. Pasholok
  6. Old26
    Old26 9 October 2020 00: 01
    +3
    Quote: tatra
    This is the difference between the Soviet and anti-Soviet people. I, like the entire Soviet people, are for the BEST for my country and people, and this is a priori the USSR, in comparison with the Republic of Ingushetia and the "independence" of the enemies of the USSR on the territory of the USSR captured by them, and Olgovich, like the entire anti-Soviet people, only that it is FAVORABLE for him, and the whole anti-Soviet people do not care about their country.

    Irina! Not everything was so white and fluffy in the USSR. There were both disadvantages and imbalances. In the same way as it is now in Russia. And it is unlikely that many of those who lived in the USSR would agree to be in it again, in the USSR-2.0, if there were the same shortcomings as in the first USSR.
    And you, Irina, are very smart at hanging labels. Someone who agrees 100% with you SOVIET the people, and the one who is not in everything - ANTISOVETSKY... But many of the veterans do not agree on everything about what and how it was in the USSR. But these people shed blood for their Motherland, for the Soviet Union. You should not look at the world through glasses that give only a black and white picture. And this way of dividing the people is not the best

    Quote: tatra
    So you, the enemies of the USSR, who seized the republics of the USSR, do NOT have any Suvorov or Kutuzov, there are no great people of the Russian Empire. For the Russian enemies of the communists, the "history" of their country begins with the falsified rule of the last Russian monarch for the sake of profit in your anti-Soviet system, and all the other enemies of the communists, if they remember pre-revolutionary Russia, only with malice - how Russians occupied them, robbed and spread rot

    This is already a clinic. "Ostap suffered"
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 9 October 2020 02: 21
      0
      It seems to me that it is possible and necessary to talk about the advantages or disadvantages of the USSR in comparison. Or with RI, or with other countries of that time, or from today. To understand what happened then, you need to read more about that time.
  7. bbss
    bbss 9 October 2020 00: 30
    +1
    I have lived nearby for over forty years and I can see it with my own eyes. The club has always been well-groomed and lively. While the factory was alive ... By the way, two hundred meters away (across the railroad tracks) there is a very similar club - DK IOOZhD. For many years in a state of repair. Also new owners unnecessarily. IOOC is "eaten" by the MCC. And the openers don't even know what a House of Culture is.
  8. Old26
    Old26 9 October 2020 16: 10
    +2
    Quote: Reptiloid
    It seems to me that it is possible and necessary to talk about the advantages or disadvantages of the USSR in comparison. Or with RI, or with other countries of that time, or from today. To understand what happened then, you need to read more about that time.

    You are absolutely right, Dmitry! It's not for nothing that they say - EVERYONE KNOWS IN COMPARISON... And we must really compare what was in the same Union and what was in Russia. Moreover, it is correct to compare, without hanging labels, saying that "Trotskyists" or "Nazis" or someone else came to power.
    Reading is certainly good, but here you get your own bias. Now all life in the USSR can be shown exclusively in black, in the days of the Union they described life abroad in the same black color. In this sense, I prefer the article by V. Shpakovsky on this resource. There people try to remember specifically what happened to them, and do not reproduce the "ironed-out" history
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 9 October 2020 18: 39
      +1
      Thanks for the answer, dear. Unfortunately, the names are not visible in the mobile version. hi
      The stories of members of the forum are always interesting to me. But about some articles --- not everything fits.
      There is such a topic, when before the Second World War, Khrushchev congratulated Stalin on his birthday, then in his congratulatory letter there was often a phrase --- Stalin's enemies. What Khrushchev did later --- we know. So some cliches are very annoying.
  9. Old26
    Old26 9 October 2020 18: 58
    +2
    Quote: Reptiloid
    In the mobile version, unfortunately the names are not visible

    Vladimir
  10. Private SA
    Private SA 9 October 2020 21: 24
    +1
    Quote: CSKA
    Are these Suvorov, Kutuzov anti-Soviet?

    If about Viktor Suvorov, then he is anti-Soviet. "Katyusha"
    from A. Drabkin's project to read. About the opinion about cross-country ability
    "ZIS-6" and "Studebaker".