Military Review

Pentagon's plan for a fleet of 500 ships: shipyard capacity and funds are not enough

43

Over the next 25 years, the US Navy is going to increase the number of ships and submarines to 500 units. Such ambitious plans were announced by US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper.


The Pentagon expects to increase the number of ships to build up the US military presence in the oceans. Of course, solving this problem will require attracting very significant funding from the US budget, but the game, according to the heads of the military department, is worth the candle. After all, the Asia-Pacific region, especially the South China Sea, is considered one of the potential zones of future conflicts in the United States.

Increase the number of submarines and landing ships


Over the course of several months, members of the Secretary of Defense's Office have been analyzing the structure of the US Navy to propose a plan for upgrading it and increasing the number of ships. As a result, the Pentagon's Office of Cost and Program Evaluation and the Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, with the assistance of the Hudson Institute think tank, presented a set of recommendations that should influence the formation of the US Department of Defense's budget for 2022.

It should be noted that by the beginning of 2020, the US Navy had 293 ships. At the same time, the US Congress not so long ago set the task of increasing the number of ships to 355. But the Pentagon decided to add another 145-150 ships to this number. In the foreseeable future, the US Navy should include, according to Esper, from 8 to 11 nuclear aircraft carriers, from 60 to 70 small surface ships, 70-80 attack submarines, 50-60 landing ships and 70-90 supply and support ships.

Meanwhile, earlier American military analysts talked about the US Navy with 9 aircraft carriers, 70 surface ships. In addition, it was proposed to build 15 to 19 traditional amphibious ships and 20 to 26 light amphibious ships of a new class.

Defense Secretary Mark Esper also said the US Navy will continue to explore the possibilities of creating light aircraft carriers used for short takeoff and vertical landing aircraft. In the future, as noted by the Pentagon chief, the Navy may acquire 6 such ships, the design of which will resemble an America-class landing ship. This statement by the Minister of Defense correlates poorly with the recent words of the representatives of the Navy that the creation of small aircraft carriers has been postponed indefinitely.

A separate issue is the submarine fleet. Mark Esper argues that the increase in the number of submarines will come from the modernization and life extension of the 7 Los Angeles-class attack submarines, and through the development of a new type of advanced submarine, now known as SSN (X). The production of Virginia-class submarines will also be increased from 2 per year to 3 per year.


The main obstacles to the implementation of the plans of the Pentagon


According to the head of the American military department, an increase in the number of traditional ships and submarines will allow achieving the cherished goal of 355 ships, but in addition to this, unmanned surface and underwater vehicles will be included in the Navy. According to Esper, the implementation of the ambitious plans will require an increase in the share of the total Navy budget allocated to shipbuilding by 13%.

In 2020, this share was 11,5%, and in the budget plan of the Navy for 2021, it fell to less than 10%. According to the Congressional Budget Office, the annual cost of servicing such a number of ships would be $ 40 billion against a total U.S. Navy budget for 2020 of $ 68 billion.

In addition to direct budgetary funding, the question of shipyards remains open. So far, their capacities are clearly not enough for such a rapid pace of building new ships. For example, it is not very clear how they will be able to build not 2, but 3 Virginia-class submarines every year. After all, the transition to the construction of 2 submarines from 1 submarine at one time has already led to a colossal load at the shipyard.

However, it is far from a fact that in a difficult economic situation, the US Congress will be ready to go to such significant costs and significantly increase funding for the Navy. Therefore, the plans of Mark Esper can remain only hypothetical for a very long time, without becoming reality.
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  1. ANDREY MIKHAILOV_2
    ANDREY MIKHAILOV_2 7 October 2020 09: 12
    +8
    Maybe not in the subject. I beg your pardon. Usually, when it comes to what place our country occupies in the world shipbuilding, all that remains is to sigh and glance enviously towards the Asian neighbors. China, South Korea and Japan usually have first places in all ratings there, and we are trudging somewhere in the basement with our modest volumes.

    There is a well-known analytical agency Clarkson Research in England, which, among other things, compiles monthly and quarterly ratings of the countries leading in the world shipbuilding. It is Clarkson Research's summaries that are usually used when talking about who to build how much 2020 surprises. South Korea quite naturally took the first place at the end of the quarter. What can we say if its share in the third quarter accounts for 45% of all world shipbuilding! In absolute terms, this is 1,42 million CGT.

    CGT is the register ton. The tonnage of all ships is recalculated into registered tons, so that it is convenient to compare them with each other. The rating takes into account the tonnage.
    But let's see who is there on the list right behind her. Usually, China was South Korea's main rival, but as you already understood, Russia came in second in the third quarter. Our tonnage for the past three months is 860 thousand CGT. And this is 30 thousand registered tons more than that of China, which dropped to third place.
    1. nnm
      nnm 7 October 2020 09: 19
      +4
      The main thing is that we have this dynamics preserved, and not become a one-time phenomenon. Especially with the actualization of the NSR theme.
      1. Temples
        Temples 7 October 2020 09: 30
        +1
        It depends on what to measure.

        You can build a large barrel for the transportation of oil and immediately you overtook those who built 50 vessels for various purposes.

        But the one who built 50 different ships did much more for the fleet.
        Although in tons it is only in the hundredth place.

        The second place for Russia is the Aframax tanker. Is not it? wink
        1. nnm
          nnm 7 October 2020 09: 58
          +6
          By and large, I understand what you mean, but do not misunderstand me too - if the fleet needs both Aframax and 50 smaller ships and ships, then building a ship / ship of any class is a step forward in rebuilding the fleet. Yes, I agree, it is a qualitatively different step, but it is also loading of shipyards, and the development of design, engineering potential, etc. It's still a step forward. And agreeing with you, I write, it is important that this is not a one-time step.
        2. Nasrat
          Nasrat 7 October 2020 10: 05
          +1
          Quote: Temples
          .
          The second place for Russia is the Aframax tanker. Is not it? wink


          Nuclear icebreaker "Arktika" ..... Icebreakers Siberia, Ural, Yakutia are under construction ....
          1. Temples
            Temples 7 October 2020 14: 03
            0
            Thank God, they started building.
            It's too early to talk about leadership.

            Here we can say thanks to Putin for making his homies localize the assembly of tankers in Russia.
            And there you look and they will start building from scratch and according to their own projects.
  2. nnm
    nnm 7 October 2020 09: 17
    +5
    Another and even more insistent - "Give money to the Pentagon, otherwise the evil Russians will attack very soon, and we are old and wretched!"
    1. Zoldat_A
      Zoldat_A 7 October 2020 09: 25
      +1
      Quote: nnm
      Another and even more insistent - "Give money to the Pentagon, otherwise the evil Russians will attack very soon, and we are old and wretched!"

      To paraphrase a famous anecdote
      What if there is a war? And I have only 293 ships ...
      1. nnm
        nnm 7 October 2020 09: 52
        +1
        Exactly. I also thought how to paraphrase "Suddenly there is a war, and I am tired!", But it did not work out))) but you did a great job, colleague!)) hi
    2. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 7 October 2020 09: 42
      0
      Quote: nnm
      angry Russians will attack very soon,

      They are systematically preparing for a war with China. They are rebuilding their fleet against them.
    3. donavi49
      donavi49 7 October 2020 09: 45
      +4
      Chinese. The main challenge to sea supremacy now comes from China, where ships of all classes are stamped like sausages.

      For the third UDC collected belay , probably less than a year will pass from the collection of sections to the descent of the third.


      The head UDC is already running as part of the strike group:


      New platform for testing weapons project 910A.


      Modern training ships, it is not on the Brezhnev Smolny to go.


      Already ~ 20 destroyers in the PLA with standardized main armament, which includes KR type Caliber (YJ-18)
      1. nnm
        nnm 7 October 2020 10: 00
        0
        Colleague, agree that one does not cancel the other. And I did not just cite the reference to the SMP. It is not for nothing that our foreign partners are talking more and more loudly about its international jurisdiction and are slowly beginning to conduct exercises to protect their conditional convoys on the NSR. Yes, China in terms of the fleet is of interest and concern to the United States now much more, but that is China, and I am more concerned about Russia.
        1. Alex777
          Alex777 7 October 2020 10: 22
          -1
          IMHO Esper does not want to resign after the elections. So he is active.
          500 ships is sheer nonsense.
          There is no money either for construction or maintenance.
          1. Kurare
            Kurare 7 October 2020 10: 29
            +3
            Quote: Alex777
            IMHO Esper does not want to resign after the elections. So he is active.
            500 ships is sheer nonsense.

            It seems that the Americans have their own Tukhachevskys. wassat It is one thing to build ships, and another to train personnel.

            Gd to help and go the right way, to ruin.
      2. Kurare
        Kurare 7 October 2020 10: 28
        +1
        Quote: donavi49
        New platform for testing weapons project 910A.

        This is exactly what they save on in Russia, and then drive an under-combat unit for years in order to bring the weapons to acceptable parameters. A systematic approach is needed.
    4. Vladimir Mashkov
      Vladimir Mashkov 8 October 2020 20: 44
      0
      The “world hegemon”, which is losing influence in the world, is frantically trying to regain its former power. Why is he going to expand the arms race and create a gigantic fleet in order to successfully conduct "gunboat diplomacy" around the world. Especially in the Asia-Pacific region. But for this they have neither the capacity nor the finances. This is a dead end !!!
  3. Doccor18
    Doccor18 7 October 2020 09: 17
    -1
    In the foreseeable future, the US Navy should enter, according to Esper, from 8 to 11 nuclear aircraft carriers, from 60 to 70 small surface ships, 70-80 attack submarines, 50-60 landing ships and 70-90 supply and support ships.

    "Napoleonic plans" ...
    But if they embody them in metal, then this is the PRC and many others will not be envied.
    1. Alex777
      Alex777 7 October 2020 18: 54
      +1
      The PRC will breathe a sigh and build the same ships, but there will be 2 times more of them. wink
  4. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 7 October 2020 09: 20
    +1
    However, it is far from a fact that in a difficult economic situation the US Congress will be ready to go to such significant costs and significantly increase funding for the Navy.

    To these words I would like to add that the scale of the Universe (and even our Galaxy) is so enormous that not only any military doctrine or any confession fades into view with them, but the planet Earth itself, located on the periphery of the Milky Way, is lost in space like a water molecule in the ocean ...
    The question is, who needs it so much that people burn themselves in their own home?
    1. Thrall
      Thrall 7 October 2020 09: 27
      +1
      Quote: ROSS 42
      The question is, who needs it so much that people burn themselves in their own home?

      Man, unlike an animal, is a rational creature. Therefore, he destroys himself and his own kind, guided not by some primitive instincts and reflexes, but solely for the sake of money. smile
    2. Zoldat_A
      Zoldat_A 7 October 2020 09: 27
      +3
      Quote: ROSS 42
      To these words I would like to add that the scale of the Universe (and even our Galaxy) is so enormous that not only any military doctrine or any confession fades into view with them, but the planet Earth itself, located on the periphery of the Milky Way, is lost in space like a water molecule in the ocean ...
      The question is, who needs it so much that people burn themselves in their own home?

      Well, according to the USA, someone has to follow the order of arrangement of atoms and the movement of electrons and other little things in this molecule. And this is undoubtedly the USA.

      By the way, judging by their ambitions, in neighboring molecules, too, not everything with democracy neutrons-protons okay ...
  5. Yaro Polk
    Yaro Polk 7 October 2020 09: 27
    0
    Now blacks in the USA will not be hunchbacked to white bears, they probably did all the dirty work when building all kinds of aircraft carriers)
  6. unhappy
    unhappy 7 October 2020 09: 34
    +1
    There is a mere trifle left repeat
    The personnel, when it was simpler, recruiters went to the port taverns, they got the men drunk and they woke up being the sailors of Her Majesty the Royal Navy.
    And now such people will not even be trusted to wash the latrine; educated, trained and certified people are needed everywhere. Such people will not go to the Navy, they will prefer to do business or something else exciting. laughing
    1. Galleon
      Galleon 7 October 2020 10: 24
      +3
      Quote: unhappy
      There is a mere trifle left
      Personnel

      Of course, the personnel is not a trifle. But you will not believe it: there are countries where a serving person is not a brute that needs to be mucked as he wants, but quite a person, even a respected person. And with their motivation in the Navy, everything is in order, and with material interest, and with the future at the end of the service, and with the way of life as a human being, and not "steadfastly overcome indifference and bungling." And they serve there quite diligently: cleanliness in the inner corridors and in the car for a solid "five". Did you know that the newly appointed commander of a strategic nuclear submarine is received at the White House by the US President? Because the cap controls missiles with a special head. Can you imagine the reception of our boat commander in the Kremlin? Okay, let's go without parallels. There will be competent people for the crews.
      And yes, I'm not writing out of envy, but out of annoyance that they are bad, and they are good, and we are so good, and we eat each other in the service to the point of brainwashing.
      1. unhappy
        unhappy 7 October 2020 10: 39
        -1
        The site had articles about problems with pilots in the US armed forces, different ways of motivating them to keep on a contract (money first!).
        In your opinion, the problems of the fleet and aviation are of a different nature? People are the same.
        PS: I remember there were materials about the composition of the army and the problem is not so much in the number of contract soldiers, but in the "stupidity" and lack of education of American youth. Many of them read with difficulty, even if they can read ...
        1. Galleon
          Galleon 7 October 2020 16: 09
          +1
          What do the pilots have to do with it? Why do you think that the service is the same for pilots and sailors? Of course, different service and different problems. And people are different. Submariners differ from surface divers, as the latter differ from coastal divers. I think fighters are similarly different from bombers or transports. And those who do not know how to read are not taken to the navy to work with equipment.
          1. unhappy
            unhappy 8 October 2020 07: 53
            0
            What does the service have to do with it? You say people are different, that people of one kind go to the navy, and another kind to the aviation. The pilots need to add money, otherwise they will go where the income is greater, and the sailors are patriots - they worry about their native country?
            The question was about the number of competent, trained officers and sailors for the "great armada", in the port taverns you can't get that much ...
            1. Galleon
              Galleon 8 October 2020 09: 40
              +3
              You do not understand. Did you yourself serve ?? I'm talking about not only the predisposition of people to this or that activity, but also about professional deformation, not about those who come, but about those who become! But you, apparently, cannot talk about this. Where does such a passion come from to recruit a team "in port taverns"? There are no more options? Medical and qualification commissions, psychological testing of candidates - have you heard anything? Speaking specifically about the US Navy, how do you like such chips as subsequent free higher education, for which the state will pay? Isn't it worth it to sign the first contract? There are no people willing to jump into this real social elevator? ? Let's stop this flat discussion.
              1. unhappy
                unhappy 9 October 2020 07: 21
                0
                You kind of won laughing hi
                Professional deformation is a cognitive distortion, psychological disorientation of a personality, which is formed due to constant pressure from external and internal factors of professional activity and leads to the formation of a specific professional type of personality.

                When they talk about social elevators, something is unclean. In our factory, they began to inspire the people about "social partnership" such as fair relations under capitalism instead of "class struggle" - it ended up with "optimization", but simply by mass dismissal of people. I also know a lot of smart words wink
  7. KVU-NSVD
    KVU-NSVD 7 October 2020 09: 36
    -1
    But the Pentagon decided to add another 145-150 ships to this number. In the foreseeable future, the US Navy should enter, according to Esper, from 8 to 11 nuclear aircraft carriers, from 60 to 70 small surface ships, 70-80 attack submarines, 50-60 landing ships and 70-90 supply and support ships.

    Meanwhile, earlier American military analysts talked about the US Navy with 9 aircraft carriers, 70 surface ships. In addition, it was proposed to build 15 to 19 traditional amphibious ships and 20 to 26 light amphibious ships of a new class.
    Even if they build a thousand, for us in the status quo, little will change. But it is noteworthy that the difference in plans to increase the fleet is provided due to a sharp increase in the desired landing ships and transports
  8. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 7 October 2020 09: 38
    0
    Russia and the United States have similar problems with building a fleet. smile
  9. rocket757
    rocket757 7 October 2020 09: 54
    -1
    Over the next 25 years, the US Navy is going to increase the number of ships and submarines to 500 units. Such ambitious plans were announced by US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper.

    cool! then in the sea do not breathe, do not swim, it would be!
    And let's see when and how their navel will be untied?
  10. OgnennyiKotik
    OgnennyiKotik 7 October 2020 10: 02
    -1
    70-90 supply and support ships.

    70-90 supply and support vessels, they are not included in the list of 534 ships.

    Significant growth is planned at the expense of unmanned vehicles. These are 100-150 pieces. Roughly the size of a Corvette and modern diesel boats. It is easier to stamp them. By the end of the year, the United States plans to have 301 ships, and if we add unmanned vehicles, we get 400-450 ships. Building the remaining 100-134 is already a feasible task. Considering that FFG (X) frigates are being purchased, processing of European FREMMs, which can be built in European shipyards. It is also planned to purchase 30-50 relatively small littoral warships. As a result, 50-70 "large" ships remain, and this is already quite a feasible task.

    To date, the most significant additions to both plans are dozens of unmanned surface ships, including proposed "large" types, the size of traditional corvettes, and large unmanned underwater vehicles. Currently, the Navy does not formally include any vessel in these categories when it comes to the size of its total fleet. The conditional Cape and Hudson fleets included 65 to 87 large USVs and 40 to 60 large UUVs.
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 7 October 2020 12: 47
      -1
      Quote: OgnennyiKotik
      Significant growth is planned at the expense of unmanned vehicles. These are 100-150 pieces.

      Correction 140-240 pieces. Mark Esper, US Secretary of Defense

      These increases in conventional ships offer a "safe route" to the 355 ships target, Esper said. However, in order to bring the total number of combat forces to more than 500 people, it will be necessary to include in this total number from 140 to 240 unmanned surface and underwater vehicles, which the Navy does not currently do. The growing importance of unmanned platforms for future service plans, which you can read about in these previous warzone articles, has already prompted the White House Management and Budget Office to add them to the official fleet totals for both current accounting and future planning purposes.
  11. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 7 October 2020 10: 04
    0
    Over the next 25 years The US Navy is going to increase the number of ships and submarines to 500 units.
    It is still necessary to live 25 years, and this is a whole generation. It is not known what will happen in the United States in the fall, but they have already decided for a quarter of a century. Let us live and see.
  12. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 7 October 2020 10: 11
    -1
    The cartoon became a reality. The President was informed about the successful test of Zircon in the Barents Sea. Not a bad birthday present !!! good
    1. mlad
      mlad 7 October 2020 10: 18
      +1
      now you need to make 500 zircons
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 7 October 2020 10: 38
        -1
        Not 1000, two for each beautiful, amazing warship under the flag of the United States. Where are we going to take the carriers of Zirconia? hi drinks
  13. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 7 October 2020 10: 17
    +3
    In addition to direct budgetary funding, the question of shipyards remains open. So far, their capacities are clearly not enough for such a rapid pace of building new ships. For example, it is not very clear how they will be able to build not 2, but 3 Virginia-class submarines every year. After all, the transition to the construction of 2 submarines from 1 submarine at one time has already led to a colossal load at the shipyard.


    About Electric Boat Corporation, a division of General Dynamics, which produces about half of the submarines for the US Navy in Grotton, I already wrote several years ago in an article "New England. Part 2. The Ivy League and the US Navy Submarine Museum".
    So, during the Cold War, the company employed 25 people. Simultaneously built up to 15 nuclear submarines... The construction of submarines of the Ohio, Los Angeles, Seawulf types was carried out.
    Since 2004, this shipyard has been building Virginia-class submarines. Today 7 people work there, among whom there are more engineers and designers than workers. They have more than enough production space. Products on stream, technologies have been developed. If there is a government order, the workforce will be recruited and deployed very quickly. hi
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 7 October 2020 12: 51
      -1
      The growth in the number of ships will mainly come at the expense of relatively small ships, corvette dimensions. And the overwhelming majority of them will be unmanned. 140-240 unmanned submarines and surface ships are planned. They are much faster and cheaper to build.
  14. APASUS
    APASUS 7 October 2020 12: 02
    -1
    Once the power of the British fleet was unmatched, but now they are collecting the protection of HMS Queen Elizabeth (R08) from all over the world to create a full-fledged AUG. Do not forget that the fleet is not just a striking force, it is huge means, and the United States has problems in this regard ............... we have already seen plans to reduce ships of the USS Zumwalt class, expeditionary transport ships (EPF)
  15. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 7 October 2020 12: 54
    -1
    The statement made by the mattress minister reminds me of an anecdote about an elephant: "Moget is powerful, currents are given."
  16. ArioN
    ArioN 7 October 2020 17: 50
    +1
    What can I say .. They have the right with a debt of 20 trillion and the fact that the printing press is in their hands.
    The whole world will pay for it, including Russia (until we get away from dollar dependence)