Military Review

Multipurpose helicopter "Lamprey" as the future of naval aviation

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Ka-27 marine aviation Navy. Photo of the Russian Ministry of Defense


Several years ago it became known about the beginning of work on a promising helicopter for carrier-based aviation with the code "Lamprey". Later the project went through early stages, and now the development work is open. The prototype helicopter is expected to appear in a few years.

From idea to project


The first information about the development of a new multipurpose helicopter appeared in 2015, at the same time the code "Lamprey" became known. Some sources used the unconfirmed Ka-65 cipher. In the future, it was repeatedly reported about the implementation of certain works, the development of individual components, etc. By mid-2019, preliminary design was completed.

In February 2020, the management of the Russian Helicopters holding announced new details of the ongoing work. At that time, aircraft manufacturers and the military department were coordinating the terms of reference for the future helicopter. As a result of these events, the opening of the ROC was expected - already this year.

An agreement on the development of a technical project for the Lamprey was signed at the end of August as part of the Army-2020 military-technical forum. By this time, the appearance of the future helicopter was formed and the terms of reference were approved. The design was entrusted to the National Center for Helicopter Engineering. Mil and Kamova. The first stage of the ROC is given three years.

Multipurpose helicopter "Lamprey" as the future of naval aviation
One of the concepts, presumably, of the Lamprey helicopter. Graphics Bastion-karpenko.ru

At the end of September, Russian Helicopters CEO Andrei Boginsky gave an extensive interview to RIA News, in which, among other things, he spoke about the prospects of the Lamprey. He noted that it usually takes 5-7 years from the start of development to the first flight of the helicopter. He expects the appearance of an experienced helicopter according to the new ROC and the start of hover tests in 2025-26. Technical details were not disclosed.

Technical features


The goal of the Lamprey project is to create a promising multipurpose helicopter for the Navy's aviation. Such a machine in the future will have to replace the existing Ka-27 of all modifications, now performing various tasks. In the early stages, the design of the helicopter was carried out by Kamov. It was claimed that she was using all of her competencies accumulated over the past 50 years. After recent transformations, the design will be carried out by the joint NCV.

The exact shape and functions of the future "Lamprey" have not yet been revealed. At the same time, there is information about the use of certain components. In addition, at exhibitions and in various presentations, “unnamed” layouts and concepts were demonstrated that may be relevant to the new project. Last year, a photograph was made publicly available, which allegedly shows an unfinished full-size model of the Lamprey. All this allows us to imagine the approximate appearance of the future deck helicopter and evaluate some of its characteristics.

The mock-ups demonstrate a helicopter with a pine design with two turboshaft engines and a developed tail unit. A large cargo-passenger cabin with a ramp under the tail boom is envisaged. On the sides of the fuselage there are sponsons accommodating the main landing gear and other units. Outwardly, this "Lamprey" is similar to the Ka-27 and other Kamov helicopters, but differs markedly from them.


Photo from the assembly shop. In the background, presumably, a model of the Lamprey. Photo Aviaforum.ru

The lamprey power plant should include two TV7-117VK turboshaft engines developed by Klimov JSC. Maximum take-off engine power - 3000 HP, extraordinary - 3750 HP. The engine is controlled using a digital automatic system BARK-6. R&D work on the new engine began in 2015 and was to be completed in 2020.

Already in 2016, it became known about the development of a part of the electronic equipment. The Nizhny Novgorod Scientific and Production Enterprise Polet (United Instrument-Making Corporation) has created a communications complex for the Lamprey. It was indicated that this is a completely new digital equipment that ensures the full integration of the helicopter into automated command and control systems. The complex will provide voice communication and data transmission of various kinds. Means of automatic tuning, self-diagnostics, etc. are provided. Due to a number of innovations, the resistance to interference and the level of protection of the transmitted information will increase.

The new helicopter in terms of its dimensions and weight will correspond to the limitations of ship hangars and take-off sites. From this point of view, it will not fundamentally differ from the Ka-27 or other domestic carrier-based helicopters.

Goals and objectives


Lamprey is created as a replacement for an existing machine, which determines the minimum required range of tasks to be solved. Ka-27 exists in anti-submarine, transport-combat and search-and-rescue modifications - each of them provides its own set of equipment. Lamprey should have similar equipment and the same functions. In addition, it was proposed to create other modifications, for example, landing.


TV7-117VK engine. Nearby - a possible appearance of a helicopter. Graphics Bmpd.livejournal.com

In the past, Russian Helicopters mentioned that the new project is considering the possibility of creating a universal machine with a quick restructuring for certain tasks. Probably, it was about the modular architecture of the target equipment. Also, officials spoke about the possibility of creating an unmanned modification. The list of versions and variants of the Lamprey should be determined by the customer.

The new helicopter is being created taking into account the weight and size restrictions imposed by the shipbuilding standards. This can make it difficult to design, but will allow for simple and efficient operation. All domestic ships capable of receiving the Ka-27 or other vehicles will be able to carry the new Lamprey. A wide range of ships has such capabilities - from a corvette to an aircraft-carrying cruiser.

In the distant future, the Lampreys will be able to enter the aviation group of the 23900 universal amphibious assault ships. Each such UDC will be able to carry up to 16 helicopters of various types, including transport-combat, landing and attack helicopters. In the future, a decision may be made to build an aircraft carrier - such a ship will also not do without multi-purpose helicopters.

Timing issue


The exact dates for the completion of the R&D work on the Lamprey have not yet been announced; the management of Russian Helicopters gives only rough estimates. However, the forecasts of past years and recent times look realistic and can be taken into account, but only until accurate information appears.


Search and rescue of the victim by Ka-27PS. In the future, such tasks will be solved by "Lamprey"

It took about five years for research work with the formation of a technical appearance and the subsequent development of technical specifications for the "Lamprey". The technical design will take about three years, after which two years will be spent on building a prototype and preparing it for the first flights.

Such a time frame does not seem impossible. NTsV them. Mila and Kamova, as well as related aircraft manufacturing enterprises, have extensive experience and are able to cope with the assigned tasks for several years. Accordingly, flight tests may begin in 2025 or a little later. The start of mass production in the past was attributed to 2027-28, and this is also real.

Thus, the processes of updating the Russian Navy continue and cover all major areas. Ships and vessels are being built, incl. fundamentally new classes, and in parallel, measures are being taken to modernize naval aviation. Now one of its foundations is the Ka-27 of all modifications, but at the end of the decade they will begin to give way to the newer Lampreys. These measures will have a noticeable impact on the general condition and potential of the Navy - although they will have to wait for several years.
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 2 October 2020 05: 32
    -5
    I wish this project a fair wind ... but I would make a comment ... it would be nice to immediately start developing a helicopter carrier for this helicopter ... like building an A-10 attack aircraft for a multi-barrel Gatling gun.
    This would solve in the future many issues with Mistral-class amphibious assault helicopter carriers ... then the project will have a finished form.
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 2 October 2020 07: 13
      -7
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      It would be nice to immediately start developing a helicopter carrier for this helicopter ... like building an A-10 attack aircraft for a multi-barreled Gatling gun.

      It is not entirely obvious what you meant by expressing such a wish, but it seems to me that you are a little late ...

      In Kerch, in the presence of the President of the Russian Federation, the newest Russian helicopter carriers, different from the Mistral UDC of the 23900 Priboy project, have already been laid, with large dimensions, displacement, weapons and other, more extensive arsenal of landing vehicles than the Frenchman ...

      Moreover, the ship, unlike the Mistral, was able to find itself in polar latitudes in difficult ice conditions.
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 2 October 2020 11: 33
        14
        1. It is not necessary to call the 23900 project the word "Surf", a completely different work was going on under the code "Surf".
        2. Do not shove pictures of the UDC "Avalanche" as an illustration to the 23900 project - they have nothing in common.
      2. vVvAD
        vVvAD 2 October 2020 19: 53
        +1
        Quote: Insurgent
        In Kerch, in the presence of the President of the Russian Federation, the latest Russian helicopter carriers, different from the Mistral, have already been laid down. Project 23900 Priboy UDC

        Your awareness is commendable, but why are you inserting irrelevant pictures?
        The model is beautiful and worn down to the holes - but not the one that is being built on the "Bay".
    2. KCA
      KCA 2 October 2020 07: 45
      -1
      The A-10 cannon dimensions are 3 meters, it should only be installed on the MI-26, if supplied, then the standard 2A42 or GSh-23-2, with the NURS suspension for the landing should be enough
      1. Hog
        Hog 2 October 2020 08: 23
        0
        Quote: KCA
        The A-10 cannon dimensions are 3 meters, it should only be installed on the MI-26, if supplied, then the standard 2A42 or GSh-23-2, with the NURS suspension for the landing should be enough

        This meant something completely different.
        The A-10 was designed for a cannon, not a cannon for it.
      2. Nehist
        Nehist 2 October 2020 16: 01
        0
        Better (9-A-620) GSh 6-23, all the more 74 year of manufacture, serial)
  2. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 2 October 2020 07: 24
    0
    The lamprey power plant should include two TV7-117VK turboshaft engines developed by Klimov JSC. Maximum take-off engine power - 3000 HP, extraordinary - 3750 HP.


    Is this the dimension of Mi38?
  3. Bez 310
    Bez 310 2 October 2020 07: 27
    +5
    Another note "nothing" ...
    Interesting, and this note is paid?
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 2 October 2020 08: 05
      +4
      Interesting, and this note is paid?

      Estessno, otherwise it would not appear.
      1. Bez 310
        Bez 310 2 October 2020 08: 29
        +8
        Wononocho ...
        Then the readers have to pay extra.
        for reading and commenting on this
        a set of proposals.
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 2 October 2020 19: 09
          +4
          Then the readers have to pay extra.
          for reading and commenting on this
          a set of proposals.

          And give milk for the harmfulness of such work
  4. timokhin-aa
    timokhin-aa 2 October 2020 11: 30
    +8
    All domestic ships capable of receiving the Ka-27 or other vehicles will be able to carry the new Lamprey.


    But this is still a big question. In the Navy, at least. Nobody knows exactly what this helicopter will be like.
    1. alexmach
      alexmach 2 October 2020 15: 57
      +1
      It is not entirely clear what they were going to spend so many years on. This is with all the experience that is available.
    2. Nehist
      Nehist 2 October 2020 16: 06
      +3
      Especially when you consider that even the KA-27 has difficulty getting on the ships intended for it. By the way, there is a big minus even from the Soviet fleet ... The turntables are considered as auxiliary and, moreover, in third roles. With the exception of anti-submarine helicopter carriers, koi were honored in the Bose ... :(
      1. Alexander Vorontsov
        Alexander Vorontsov 11 November 2020 16: 05
        +1
        How do you propose to consider a turntable on a ship in the amount of 1 piece? Starring?
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 2 October 2020 16: 47
      +2
      Quote: timokhin-aa
      But this is still a big question. In the Navy, at least. Nobody knows exactly what this helicopter will be like.

      Something I immediately remembered the story with the dimensions of the BEC for the minesweeper pr. 12700. smile
    4. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 2 October 2020 17: 12
      +3
      We have everything in one place in the fleet, you can even take bets))) First, the helicopter will be built, then they will put it into the hangar for two years)))
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 2 October 2020 17: 19
        +6
        Moreover, in 1 Central Research Institute they say so directly - it is not known whether it will fit into the hangar.
        This is the depth of our depths.
        1. Alexander Vorontsov
          Alexander Vorontsov 11 November 2020 16: 43
          +1
          Whose hangar? On the hangars of corvettes and frigates, on which 1 helicopter - in principle, do not care. There will be no fundamental improvement in combat capabilities due to the buff of a single helicopter. The main thing is that it would enter the UDC hangar in height and be placed on its own elevator.
    5. Vale-90
      Vale-90 17 November 2020 19: 54
      -1
      I propose to call the complex "Nadezhda" .... In the head of the MLP remained-Party nickname N. Krupskaya was "Lamprey". laughing
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 17 November 2020 23: 06
        0
        Do you remember where to look at maps with SeaBreezes and Poseidon courses and locations of "underwater objects"?

        Needed for the article.
  5. bars1
    bars1 2 October 2020 23: 19
    +1
    How do not flutter but not a maritime power Russia is not a sea ...
  6. Flyer_64
    Flyer_64 31 October 2020 18: 28
    -1
    The Lamprey project has a dead-end concept. This project should go to replace the Ka-27 / M / PS and Ka-29 helicopters, but the Navy builds ships according to projects where the overall characteristics for the Ka-27 helicopter are laid down. The branch of the Ka-27 helicopter has already exhausted itself, because it got out of the Ka-25 helicopter (for comparison, it weighed 6 tons, and the Ka-27 10 tons). The lamprey model is already going beyond the Ka-27 in length, the length and diameter of the Lamprey are taken from the Ka-52, so that production is unified. It turns out that most of the ships (single-based) will not be able to accept the Lamprey. And using the dimensions of the Ka-27 you will not get improved characteristics, even more powerful engines will not improve the performance characteristics of the helicopter, because the engines and gearbox are one third of the weight of the helicopter.
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